Founded 3 October 1784
Speaker of the House Hon. Graham Budd
Leader of the House Zoey Lord
Parliamentary Clerk Joseph Martin
Liberal (government) 34
National (opposition) 30
Creslon City, East Island
Republic of Creslonia
The Creslonian Parliament is the unicameral legislature of the Central Government of the Republic of Creslonia.
Parliament meets in Parliament House, also known as The Box (because it is a large concrete rectangular prism), in Creslon City, East Island. Members are chosen through the second-round voting system and represent their municipal ward for four years. This election process is separate to that which elects a prime minister (called a General Election). A single municipality can have multiple representatives depending on the number of wards. There are 64 seats in Parliament, with 20 filled by members of Parliament from East Island, 16 from Near-West Island, 22 from Far-West Island, and 6 from the Northern Isles. To be eligible for election, a candidate must be aged at least 18 have been a citizen of Creslonia for five years.
Parliament was created in 1784 by the Creslonian Constitution, replacing the Revolutionary Council. Members are affiliated with either the National or Liberal parties. The Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, and opposition leader are all members of parliament but do not represent wards.
The Parliament was formed on the 3rd of October 1784, the day that Creslonia attained independence. The purpose of the Creslonian Parliament is stated in Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution:
The purpose of the Creslonian Parliament is to enable the democratic representation of all provinces within the Republic.
The National and Liberal political parties were formed on the same day. National's initial purpose was to strengthen Creslonian self-reliance, whereas Liberal's was to ensure that the citizens of the Republic would never be subjected to the tyranny that was experienced under British rule. The Constitution does not expressly limit the number or types of political parties.
The Creslonian Fascist Party (CFP) was a far-right political party led by Alexander Graham. The CFP took over the Municipal Hall of the City of Westport, Far-West Island, which sparked the Civil War. The CFP never had any representation in the Creslonian Parliament. In fact, National and Liberal formed the United Front to combat the CFP during the Civil War.
From the middle of the 20th century onwards, the Creslonian Parliament experienced no more cataclysmic events. Although National member Jackson Edwards (who took power in 1994) became famous for his unconstitutional and corrupt leadership. He was removed from the Office of the Prime Minister in the 2002 election.
As of the present day, a new, more centrist mindset seems to be growing amongst both parties. Political commentators are still debating the cause
The primary and intended role of the Creslonian Parliament is to represent the citizens of the island nation. Citizens elect politicians to represent their municipal ward. and these politicians then propose, fight, or support bills and acts on the behalf of their constituents.
Parliament also has the power to propose revenue increases and decreases, aprove treatises, declare war, and a host of other responsibilities. There has been talk in the past of adding a second, upper house to Parliament, but this has been voted against in two past referendums.
There are four types of bills that can become laws:
• Government Bills - Bills proposed by the current government that support its agenda, e.g. an energy bill proposed by a government that promised energy reform.
• Member's Bills - Bills proposed by members of parliament that affect the government's agend but are not proposed pn the behald of the current government, e.g. a member of the opposition proposing a defence bill which is not part of the government's agrenda.
• Local Bills - Bills proposed by members of parliament that affect only their ward, e.g. extra funding for their ward's water sanitation programme. These often go to the Parliamentary Appropriations Committee.
• Private Bills - Bills proposed by private businesses, corporations, etc. Submitted to Parliament and argued for by members of parliament that support it. E.g. Example company should not have to follow new regulations because reason.
These all go through the same, six-step process.
1. First Reading - The proposed bill is read to Parliament and discussed for a short time and then either thrown out or allowed to progress. If the bill is a government bill and discarded, the Parliamentary Counsel Office will rework it and then repropose it.
2. Select Committee - The bill will then go to a group of people with special interests in the bill. Citizens can submit advice to the select committee and this committee will heavily scrutinize the bill. Chairpersons of affected Parliamentary committees such as Appropriations will often be members of a select committee.
3. Second Reading - The bill will be read out to Parliament again, with changes made by the select committee. Parliament will discuss said changes and vote on whetger to allow the bill to progress or send it back to the select committee for rework.
4. Committee of the Whole House - The bill will be presented to Parliament for a third time. Members have much more time to debate the bill and can directly adress their questions to the person(s) who first proposed it. Members can suggest changes to the bill.
5. Third Reading - The bill will be read to Parliament for a final time. Members can discuss for a short time in an effort to convince other members to vote for or against it. The bill is then voted on.
6. Signing - If Parliament approves the bill, it will be presented to the Prime Minister, who will sign it into law.
Members of parliament and staff are paid a fixed yearly salary as standardised by the Civil Service Salary System, administered by the Civil Service Remuneration Commission. Note that travel expenses are free if related to the individual's role.
Members of parliament who represent wards
Member of parliament who represent wards and is also the deputy leader of the opposition party
The leader of the opposition party
Speaker of the house
The deputy prime minister
The prime minister
The pay that Creslonian Parliament members and staff recieve is among the lowest in the world. This has been praised for 'keeping politicians grounded' and reminding MPs and Parliament staff that their purpose is to serve the nation. However, the low pay has also been criticised, albeit to a much lesser extent.
The Office of the Parliamentary Clerk maintains the official Creslonian Parliament website. The website is designed to be extremely accessible and user-friendly. The public can learn about Parliament, contact officials, see priveliges and travel logs of MPs (protected by the Freedom of Information right in the Bill of Rights 1784), and watch Parliamentary debates live and on-demand. This website was improved and better-advertised as part of the Your Government Initiative that began on the 7th of June, 2019.
There are several non-partisan and partisan officials directly involved with the running of Parliament.
• Speaker of the House - The speaker is charged with running Parliamentary sessions. The speaker is currently the Honourable Graham Bud.
• Parliamentary Clerk - The clerk acts as Parliament's secretary, reading out bills , counting votes, and assisting the speaker. The clerk is currently Joseph Martin.
• Serjeant-at-Arms - The serjeant-at-arms maintains order during Parliamentary sessions and is assisted by the Parliamentary Guard. The searjent-at-arms can remove unruly members or visitors and can bring members to Parliament with force if necessary.
• Hansard Reporters - The hansard reporters are responsible for recording everything that happens during a Parliamentary session in a hansard report, acting as Parliament's minutes. These reports are posted on the website of the Parliamentary Clerk.
• Leader of the House - The leader of the house is a government official tasked with managing government business in Parliament. The leader of the house is always a member of the ruling party. The current leader is Zoey Lord.
• Chief Whips - Each party has a chief whip who is reponsible for organising ('whipping') members of their party to support party agenda, work together to pass legislation, etc.
The Creslonian Parliament is protected by the fifty-strong Parliamentary Guard. The Parliamentary Guard is led by a captain of the guard and is also responsible for protecting other government buildings.
The Creslonian Parliament is protected by steel bollards, a state-of-the-art surveillence system, alarms, and bullet-proof windows. There is also a bunker below The Box, which can be used by the prime minister and other high-ranking official during times of high risk. This bunker is formally designated the 'Emergency Operations Bunker (EOB)' and has advanced technology to enable the Prime Minister to conduct military operations whilst there. The EOB is manned by armed soldiers and officers of the Creslonian Special Operations Force.
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