A congregation of Ahle Tauhid members in
Sailendra, Samudera, 2017
Ahle Tauhid was founded in 1931 by Ustaz Hasballah Rasyid al-Jamoki in response to perceived liberalisations in Islamic practice in Suvurnia, but spread quickly to South Sanggar and across the isles thanks to its focus on proselytism. In the modern era, Ahle Tauhid manages a vast network of Mosques, Schools and charities across the Isles. This is funded by donations from members, which is helped by the wealth of several members.
The Ahle Tauhid movement began in Suvurnia in 1931. At this time, Suvurnia was part of Dormill and Stiura, and the colonial government had enacted many measures to curtail Islam's influence over Suvurnian society. Faced with this drive for secularism which was affecting the beliefs of many of the Suvurnian Muslims, many traditionalist Imams decided something had to be done. Ustaz Hasballah Rasyid al-Jamoki, a renowned jurist of the Hanbali school, formulated a declaration which condemned the laxity of many Muslims and urged Muslims to return to the principles of the religion. This declaration is seen as the beginning of the Ahle Tauhid movement. The movement quickly attracted supporters due to the reputation of Ustaz al-Jamoki and its association with the anti-Colonial movement which was gaining support.
Despite its opposition to colonial rule, the Ahle Tauhid movement did not engage in violence against colonial authorities. It gained followers, but its political activities were primarily directed against the Communists whose atheist ideology was seen as a greater threat. In 1933, Ahle Tauhid arrived in the Samuderan city of Sailendra, establishing a foreign foothold. Ahle Tauhid has remained active in Sailendra since this time. The Islamic Nation Party, which was founded by members of the Ahle Tauhid, became an active part of the Negara Kita movement and were involved in much of the independence struggle. They formed a paramilitary called the Ansarullah, which engaged Communist groups in street fights and was influential in the fight against the Torangese Revolutionary People's Republic.
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The Ahle Tauhid are highly traditionalist in their interpretation of Islam. Their stated goal is to spread and rejuvenate Islam, as well as improve the faith of its members. This goal is based on an ayah of the Quran which urges Muslims to spread the faith and follow its precepts strictly. This emphasis on spreading the faith is manifested in the movement's approach towards dawah. In orthodox Islam, dawah is only carried out by those who are scholars and those whose own practice of the religion is immaculate. The Ahle Tauhid dismiss this, holding that any Muslim is qualified enough to spread the faith and that through proselytism they can strengthen their own faith. Ahle Tauhid have been known to hand out flyers and religious literature in the streets and to go door knocking in order to spread their message.
Ahle Tauhid members protesting against
the resignation of Fitri Nasrallah in 2018
The Ahle Tauhid movement believe in Pan-Islamism, an ideology which believes that Islamic nations should unite in order to strengthen the Islamic world and that Islamic laws should be enforced by the state on Muslims. This has been a strong reason behind Dulung's union with Suvurnia, as Dulung's population are overwhelmingly members of the movement.Most Ahle Tauhid members in Suvurnia support the Parti Jemaat Islaamiyah, as they believe in the implementation of Islamic laws.
The relationship between the Ahle Tauhid and other sects of Islam is extremely strained. They believe that Shiites and Sufis are not Muslims due to their diversion from traditional Sunni practices, which has resulted in several altercations between followers of the movement and other groups. The movement permits its members to follow any of the four main Madhabs of Sunni Islam, but the Hanbali madhab is preferred due to its strict following of the Sunnah. The Ahle Tauhid are highly politicised and opposed to socialism, which led to their repression in Samudera during socialist rule and their association with the Conservative party in Thuzbekistan.
The Ahle Tauhid movement is one of the most actively recruiting Islamic movements in the Isles, with a presence in most nations in the Western Isles. This proselytism takes many forms. Most of the Ahle Tauhid's work is at a grassroots level, as the movement encourages its members to try to convert people. The Ahle Tauhid distribute publications for free, which have been translated into most languages, and their followers use methods such as door knocking and street distribution to spread the message. This has caused issues in nations such as Athara Magarat and Menna Shuli, where religious proselytism is forbidden by law. There have been several high profile cases in Athara Magarat of Ahle Tauhid members being arrested for this crime.
Another key part of the Ahle Tauhid's operation is funding the creation of Mosques, both in the Tanahair region and beyond. This is part of their strategy of conversion, as by building their mosques they spread awareness of their beliefs. In many areas the Ahle Tauhid operate the only mosque, which means that people interested in the Islamic faith only encounter their beliefs. As the Ahle Tauhid are more conservative than other groups, their wealth and ability to build new mosques has led to several nations restricting the ability of foreign religious groups to build buildings.
The Ahle Tauhid also operate several charities. The most important of these are the Islamic Welfare Fund, which operates soup kitchens and free schools across the Tanahair region, and the International Dawah Aid Organisation, which undertakes missionary work in Orsandia, Menna Shuli and several other nations under the guise of aid work.