Hello, Welcome to Akara
Marhayan, Amoha eto Akara
Artevi in 1967
Akaran Head of State
Preceded by: Senaso I (As King)
Succeeded by: Radama III (As King)
Prime Minister of Akara
Preceded by: Sakaria Moreri
Succeeded by: Albert Zafy
Chairman of the Transitional Government of National Salvation
Preceded by: Yohannes Anta
Succeeded by: Himself (As Prime Minister)
June 14th, 1918
May 9th, 1981
National Phalanx (1963-1981)
Empire of Japan
Imperial Japanese Army
"Every action which has transpired this day is indeed a result of the Masonic conspiracy infesting the global political class"
- Artevi, Addressing the 1970 Anyana Church bombing by UN supported rebels
Gabriel Kenosi Artevi was an Asan military officer, nobleman, and nationalist who ruled Akara from 1959 to 1981. He took power through a coup against Prime Minister Sakaria Moreri. The time in which Akara was under his control was known as Artevist Akara, a regime known for its strong anti-colonial, anti-communist, and anti-democratic stances.
Artevi rose to power at the age of 41, after overthrowing Prime Minister Sakaria Moreri following the assassination of King Senaso I. During his time in office, he would lead the Royal Army to victory in the Mahafaly War, completely unifying the island of Akara. Artevi stayed in power for 20 years, a reign which ended when he was assassinated by Leposele Chinarenga in 1981. Artevi's perception in modern Akara is incredibly mixed. Many view him as the nation's savior, who defended the country against communism and guided it throughout the Cold War. Others see him as a brutal despot, who had numerous political opponents killed and cracked down on civil rights.
He was Kenosi Artevi born on June 14th, 1925, in Machati, a small village on the eastern fringes of the central highlands. His father, Tsietsi, was a village chief and cattle rancher, while his mother Rehana was a local shaman and priestess of the goddess Amahu. The family was ethnically Asan, hailing from the Soroti tribe. During Artevi's childhood, Akara was a colony of the Empire of Japan, known as Japanese Madagascar.
Artevi began formal schooling when he was 11, being enrolled in a primary school established by the colonial government. There, Gabriel studied history, biology, mathematics, and the Japanese language. His teachers noted he was an exceptionally well performing student, but would often distance himself from others.
Artevi's intelligence was noted by the colonial government, and upon graduating high school, he was given the opportunity to study in Japan. He attended a boarding school in Tokyo, where he took an interest in politics and history.
WWII and Early Career
When Artevi graduated in 1944, he was unable to return home due to the continuance of WWII and Madagascar occupation by Allied forces. For a short amount of time, Artevi enlisted in the Imperial Japanese Army, and was sent to Manchuria. He fought against the Soviet Army in 1945. Upon Japan's surrender, he was taken as a prisoner by the Soviets, who considered him an oddity on account of his race. While a Soviet captive, he converted to Eastern Orthodoxy, the primary religion of both the Russians and Artevi's own Sina people. He took the baptismal name Gabriel. In the Summer of 1946 he was allowed to return to Madagascar . Back in the occupied colony, he joined colonial gendarme, which was now under British orders.
National Army Service
With the establishment of the Kingdom of Madagascar, Artevi was transferred from the gendarme to the newly created Royal Army. However Madagascar was essentially an apartheid state, with all political power being invested in the Merina and Japanese communities. It was lead King Senaso I as head of state, and Minister President Motonobu Ishiwari, the former colonial government, as head of government. Minister President Ishiwari eventually extended increased rights to Asan nobility. Due to his status as an Andriana, previous education in Tokyo, and service in the Kwantung Army, the government allowed Artevi to attend military schooling. Artevi began his schooling at the Rabenoro military institution in Fianarantsoa in 1947 and graduated in 1951, becoming commissioned in the army as a lieutenant. Despite the Royal Army being mostly composed of Asan soldiers, Artevi was one of only seven Asan commissioned officers.
When United Nations involvement in the Korean War began, Artevi traveled to South Korea as part of the 1,150 man strong Madagascan expeditionary force. After holding off twenty eight Chinese soldiers and saving his unit, he was promoted to a captain.
Artevi returned home in 1953, when the Korean Armistice was declared. Back in Akaishima he began to taken an interest in politics, becoming an pan-africanist. He joined the All People's Revolutionary Party, a socialist party dedicated to establishing majority rule in the country. Under Minister-President Shigechi Tanimoto, Artevi was brought on to act as an adviser for interaction between the government and native community. Artevi often worked with Vice President Tomiko Ishiwari, daughter of former minister-president Motonobu Ishiwari. Artevi frequently pressed for an immediate switch to majority rule, however Tanimoto was reluctant to so, instead favoring increased autonomy for the Asan.
In 1956, riots broke out in the capital city of Antsirabe, with native demonstrators demanding a switch to majority rule. The riots spread across the country, and a mob even managed to break black nationalist leader Joseph Tshepo Malumba out of prison. The riots nearly escalated into a full scale rebellion with the declaration of the Akaran Free State, a black nationalist government that took command of areas occupied by the rioters. Tana, the largest city in the country, came under Free State Control, and nearly every major city fell into chaos.
On April 6th, 1956, Artevi, along with General Yohannes Anta and Major Yohannes Kimo, two other native officers, barged into the Presidential Palace and demanded that Tanimoto surrender his authority to them. The Minister President conceded his power, and the three officers established the Transitionary Government of National Reconciliation and Salvation. This provisional regime renamed the country to Akara, which was the Asan name for the island, established Asan as the official language of trade and governance, and appointed Joseph Malumba as the first Prime Minister of Akara.
Following the end of the Akaran Revolution and a promotion to Major, Artevi decided to begin to settle down. He began a relationship with former Vice-President Tomiko Ishiwari, and married her in 1958. They bought an estate a few miles outside of Hanariv where Artevi farmed rice and raised cattle as a hobby. The couple welcomed their first child, Adishe, in 1959. While Akara was in name a constitutional monarchy, there was a very present military aristocracy of which Artevi was a part of. While not a member of the central government, he had a high amount of sway over politics.
Having left the All People's Revolution Party, he began searching for a new ideology. He began reading the writings of Evola, and eventually discovered those of Count Asseffe Fenade. Fenade was one of the major leaders for Akaran independence during Japanese rule, espousing an ideology called Voatism, an Akaran expression of fascism. Artevi became a Voatist, and along with Field Marshall Yohannes Anta and General Yohannes Kimo, joined the Akaran Voatist party.
While he often disagreed with Prime Minister Malumba, they both agreed on the idea of Akaran unification. Following the Allied occupation of Akaishima, the southern Mahafaly province was put under South African occupation. While the British occupied areas were given independence, South Africa still held on to Mahafaly, claiming it was an annexed territory. Artevi supported Malumba's decision to rescind Akara's recognition of South African sovereignty over Mahafaly, instead claiming it as an illegally occupied part of Akara. He also supported Malumba and his successor, Prime Minister Sakaria Moreri, in the financing and arming of rebel groups in Mahafaly. When the Republic of Mahafaly, a South African puppet state, was declared, Artevi decried the newfounded country as a joke.
In 1964, Artevi overthrew Prime Minister Moreri over the latter's inaction over the Mahafaly situation. Artevi immediately established a falangist dictatorship, and ordered full scale preparations for war with South Africa.
On the 8th of February, 1967, Akaran soldiers invaded Mahafaly. The Mahafaly army was poorly trained, disciplined, and equipped, and thus was easily defeated by the Akarans. However the Akaran advance slowed when reinforcements from South Africa were sent in. A brutal war ensued, the majority of fighting occurring in Mahafaly, but with attacks on Akaran and South African soil.
The fighting consisted largely of guerilla and trench warfare, and chemical weapons were frequently used by both sides. Collateral damage was so high that 300,000 Mahafaly civilians, around a quarter of the country's population, were killed during the war. Artevi appealed to Francisco Franco, the ideologically similar dictator of Spain, for support. The Spanish, along with the North Koreans, supplied Akara with weapons, ammunition, medical supplies, and food. However Artevi found his greatest ally in Kenya, who joined in on declaring war on South Africa, and sent thousands of soldiers to fight in Akara and Mahafaly. In 1970, the Akaran Army was able to secure nearly the entirety of Mahafaly, and thus launched a campaign against South Africa. The naval landing and occupation of Durban, as well as the bombing of Pretoria and the Namibian War for Independence forced South Africa to surrender in 1971. Mahafaly was annexed as the Mahafaly Autonomous Zone upon the signing of the Buenos Aires Peace Accords.
During his early tenure as Prime Minister, Artevi implemented a much desired program for land reform. During the colonial era, Akara's land was primarily owned by Japanese settlers, and after Allied occupation much was now also owned by British and South African nationals. While the dual government had made some minor attempts to diversify the ownership of lands, most of the land awarded to native peoples went to the aristocracy, and about 73% of the country's population were either tenants or completely landless. Artevi set a limit for private land ownership to be at 200 acres, and redistributed the confiscated land to the Hova (commoners). Artevi's plan delegated around 8 to 12 acres to families deemed "loyal and productive", and reduced landlessness to 24% of the population by 1972, mostly due to urban citizens.
In the beginning of Artevi's reign, Akara's economy was based almost entirely on agriculture and textiles. However the discovery of oil on the eastern coast in 1966 lead to a boom in the country's economy. Artevi placed the oil fields under the control of the State-Run Bangana corporation. Using the money made from oil exports, Artevi then funded the creation of Akara's manufacturing industry, giving rise to the creation of corporations such as Sorala Motors and Amradi Sidiv. While he desired to fully industrialize Akara, sanctions placed on his regime slowed the nations rate of industrialization. While Akara could export its oil, produce, and clothing, the United Nations placed harsh limits on the importation of raw materials needed to sustain Akara's factories. While Akara's manufacturing industry grew, it was still overshadowed by the agricultural, textile, and oil industries.
Despite the restrictions placed on Akara by the international community, Artevi was still able to drastically improve Akara's economy. Under his rule, agriculture mechanized, increasing productivity and worker happiness. A minimum wage was put in place, and paid maternity and paternity leave was insured by the state.
Role of Women
Early in his rule, Artevi enforced strict dress codes upon the population as part of his attempt at homogenizing the nation. However, these laws relaxed in the late 1970s, as the government also promoted the wearing "modern clothes", largely based off of western clothing but with heavy inspiration from traditional Akaran attire. With the rise of the hippy movement in the 1960s, Artevi once again began enforcing dress codes. Women could not wear pants, or skirts that went above the knee (exceptions were made for pools and beaches). Men were banned from wearing dreadlocks and any hairstyle which was considered "feminine". Imagery associated with the hippie movement was also banned, such as flower shirts and bell-bottom jeans.
Harsh censorship policies were enacted throughout Artevi's rule. Works by Enlightenment and Socialist writers were banned in nearly all settings, including the works of Locke, Voltaire and Marx. Any writing, media, or imagery which was considered blasphemous to the Christian religion was also banned. All films, both domestic and foreign, had to be reviewed by the Ministry of Arts before they could be viewed. Nudity, homosexuality, and atheism were just some of the things banned for all "non-educational" use, and even for educational use they were strictly regulated. Music by the Beatles was banned, as Artevi believed it promoted the hippy subculture.
Artevi and Fascism
Many have considered Artevi's regime, and its ideology of Artevism, as a form of fascism. During his rule he was often called the "Franco of Africa" by Western media. Artevi did have many influences from fascist and fascist-like regimes, and was an admirer of Austrofascism and Metaxism. Artevi's idea of "One Akara" was similar to the idea of Volksgemeinschaft, and he was a proponent of corporatist economics. The regime also utilized the roman salute and other forms of fascist symbolism. However, due to Akara's position in the world, Artevi opposed many ideas commonly associated with fascism, such as imperialism, colonialism, and social darwinism.
For much of his early rule, Artevi's Akara remained an international pariah. The regime's fascistic nature angered both the capitalist west and the communist east. Artevi was able to find some warm relations with Spain and Portugal, who shared a similar ideology with Artevi, with Greece, who shared his religion, and with Argentina under Juan Peron. With the rise of leftist movements and regimes across Africa, the United States began to see Akara as a useful tool in combating communism on the continent, and Richard Nixon openly supported Artevist Akara. In Africa, Artevi found allies in Zaire, Kenya, and Malawi, whose right-wing regimes aligned somewhat with Artevi's ideology. He was open to relations with some socialist countries as well. Artevist Akara had extremely close relations with North Korea, and Artevi was a personal friend of Tanzania's Julius Nyerere and had a grudging respect for Burkina Faso's Thomas Sankara. While many saw Artevi as the face of right wing Africa, in truth Artevi was first and foremost a nationalist, and was perfectly content with conducting business with leftist regimes.
Proper Conduct Act
Bans blasphemy, seditious speech, promotion of communism, and promotion of democracy.
Began the campaign of industrialization by building factories and other manufacturing centers.
Requires all businesses to register for membership within their regional syndicate of their trade.
Healthy Youth Initiative
Provides and requires vaccinations for all children.
Bans Freemasonry and Jehovah's Witnesses.
Moral Educators Act
Requires schools to host daily singing of national anthem. Requires all teachers to be members of the Orthodox Church and all female teachers must wear a veil.
Growing Nation Initiative
Provides economic incentives for couples with many children. Provides free medical care for expectant mothers. Provides paid maternity leave. Bans abortion and chemical contraceptives.
Requires a year of military service for all male citizens. Amended to include females following the war with Mozambique.
Bans foreign corporations from mining or fishing within Akaran Territory.
Anti-Foreign Agent Act
Bans citizens of France, Israel, South Africa, and Belgium from entering the country.
Renewed Cooperation Act
Repeals the ban on citizens from France, the Soviet Union, and Belgium.
NAME OR BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF POLICY
EXPLAIN THE POLICY
For & Against
For: Fascism, Symbolic Monarchy, African Nationalism, Pan Africanism, Authoritarianism, Centralization, Christianity, Moralism, Patriarchy, National Socialism
Against: Communism, Absolutism, Colonialism, Secularism, Hippies, Homosexuality, Feminism, Democracy, Apartheid, Anarchism, Segregation, White Supremacy
Artevi married Tomiko Ishiwari, the last Vice President of Akaishima, as well as the daughter of the first President of Akaishima. Their relationship began as strictly business, Artevi acting as an advisor to the Vice President on relations with Akara's native population. A few months after the Akaran Revolution the two began a romantic relationship, which shocked many as Artevi had been part of the couple that overthrew Ishiwari and President Tanimoto. They married in 1958. The couple had three children together, Adishe, Maria, and Yohannes. Artevi sons joined the military, while his daughter Maria married the Viscount Lefika Mshikela.
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