by Max Barry

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by The United Republics of Dormill and Stiura. . 62 reads.

Dormill and Stiura - History, Pre-Unification Period, Prehistoric - Stiuraian Eras

Eras | Prehistoric | Ardedan | Colonial | Stiuraian | Revolution | Young Republics | Favre | Post-Imperial | Division | New Republics | Dyson

Prehistoric Era (c. 3000 B.C.E - 800 B.C.E)

The first known records of settlement of Dormill and Stiura comes from clay pots made by Proto-Nyssic migrants in the Département de la Côte Nord, Avillon. These pots are dated to around 3000 B.C.E, and are painted with images of various Nyssic mythical creatures, among the surviving artifacts is a pot painted with an image of a “Lunathach”, a mythical woodland creature that were guardians of their forest domains. Over the passage of the ages, the Proto-Nyssic peoples that had originally settled in the North Coast began settling in lands further south, populating vast amounts of Gael where they would become the basis for many future civilizations, including the Baimjeidian Civilization. Baimjeidian comes from Baimjeid, a portmanteau of Baimjum‘djeidéa (Eng. Attractive or Beautiful Hunter) from the quasi-historical foundation story of the First Baimjeidian Kingdom (c. 800 B.C.E - 690 B.C.E).

Other artifacts recovered shows a path of migration that trended towards the South, with settlements in modern Montrelais, Abancourt, Warnecque, Mala, Borey, and Broons. The history of these settlements has been lost, but most assumptions point to ancient civilizations even older than the Baimjeidian to have existed around 2100 B.C.E, most notably being the Kapolder River Civilization, which is assumed to have existed from 2850 B.C.E up until it mysterious disappearance in the early 1800s B.C.E, with some evidence suggesting the civilization was destroyed by outside invaders, or at least there is some evidence of weapons and tools not native to Gael at that time.

Following the end of the Kapolder River Civilization, and most other civilizations in the area, there were few signs of anything new for a few more centuries, until the first recorded instances of Píaijŕá S'áot'á'n'áundik Baimjeid (Early Highland Baimjeidian) around the late years of 1000 B.C.E. Little is known of the early history of the Baimjeidian civilization except for histories told by Maximus Máel Máedóc Tacitus (translated from records recovered later in history, his actual name in Baimjeidian remains unknown), which describe how the people of Baimjeidian descended from the sources of the Píndav’gá'lef and It́'aegë’gá'lef (White and Blue Rivers) and met in the Veimju gle Baimjum‘djeidéa (Valley of the Beautiful Hunter), where a man and a women, the man a hunter and the woman a daughter of a noble man of her tribe, fell in love at the point where the two rivers met and flowed south.

After this meeting, so the history goes, the two tribes eventually became one and formed the First Baimjeidian Kingdom; known to them as Sjíbo’gá'laiba’máloum Píndav’gá'lef gá'lá It́'aegë’gá'lef (Kingdom of the White and Blue Rivers).

Ardedan Era (800 B.C.E - 1622 C.E)

The founding of the First Kingdom was marked by the erection of the north wall. As the core of the city was made on the banks of the twin rivers, the protection of the city was mostly vested in this wall, which was always defended by a garrison of several hundred men, as the city developed over the following years with the monarchy, this garrison became the First Royal Guards Regiment, under the direct command of the King and tasked with his protection. Being located directly on the river, the Kingdom quickly developed a fleet of ships to sail the remainder of the Blue River, encountering several Orsan civilizations and eventually Lake Eliqoi, which the Kingdom thought was the vast ocean of the south for many generations up until explorers found the southern terminus of the lake and the Erioris River that terminates in Sapphire Bay.

The early years of the Kingdom was marked by extended periods of expansion and prosperity, with a lack of rivals the Kingdom quickly expanded along the Blue River, establishing settlements along its banks. Around 785 B.C.E, the Kingdom reached its territorial extent as their southern expansion was halted by a prominent Orsan King that was based in modern Guanfeng. This rivalry between this Orsan King and the Baimjeidian Kings resulted in the formation of a fortress city in modern day Shengzhou to defend their southern territories.

Governance in the First Kingdom was surprisingly devolved, each city was ruled over by a Lord-Governor, or Ine, (lit. Landlord) who were appointed at the will of the King, who also ruled over Távé'á’tápem (Crown City). Each Ine was required to tax their citizens and then send a portion, according to records from Maximus Máel Máedóc Tacitus this contribution varied between Lord or the value of their provinces and typically ranged from 10% of the tax collected that year up to 55%. As centralized money was not common in the First Kingdom, the tax was usually collected as part of that year’s grain harvest, but there is evidence to suggest that livestock or other tradeable good were collected as part of a province’s taxes, depending on the Lord and the most valuable good in the possession of the majority of citizens. An example of this varied tax system is best known in the southern provinces, where one would collect their tax in the form of cattle, while its neighboring province would collect taxes in the form of the rare metals used to trade with Orsan merchants that frequented that city and its surrounding villages.

The first evidence of writing in the First Baimjeidian Kingdom was recovered from an old temple near the Orsandian-Republican border, a form of Cuneiform that tallied a portion of that year’s tax. Unfortunately, the Cuneiform is impossible to translate as no record survives of any translation between Early Written Baimjeidian and Modern Written Baimjeidian, the latter of which has taken on the Latin alphabet from Nyssic at some point after the divergence between S'áot'á'n'áundik Baimjeid (Highland Baimjeidian) and Def'n'áundik Baimjeid (Lowland Baimjeidian) in the early 2nd Century, supposedly imported from the Kingdom beyond the Mountains.

In the late 700s B.C.E (725 - 700), attacks by Orsans began to heighten, spurred on by a new Orsan King that desired control over the White and Blue Rivers. These attacks culminated in the War for the Far Valley, where Orsan forces began a widespread campaign in the area surrounding modern Shengzhou that lasted from 716 through 703, ending with the Orsans putting the city of the Far Valley under siege for 3 whole years. Being so distant from the Blue River, the city could not be reinforced quickly enough, and food stores ran out eventually. The Lord-Governor of the City, Balbinus Flavianus Celsus, seeing no other option to end the siege or break out, surrendered to the Orsan forces. His body would be taken back to Guanfeng where he would be executed. The loss of the Far Valley shook the First Kingdom to its core, causing many lords to question the power of their King, and in 699, revolted.

The Revolt of 699 tore apart the First Kingdom, and eventually it ended unceremoniously with the suicide of the King in 690 with no heir. In the wake of his death, the Orsan King renewed his efforts to seize control of the rivers, and marched his armies north to sweep up the remaining lords and claim the prize of ruling Távé'á’tápem.

Unfortunately for him, the remaining lords, desiring to rule themselves, continued their revolt. This began the period of the Orsan Conflicts, which in all lasted 95 years as the various Lord-Governors, and their descendants, fought against the Orsan King and his armies. Around 650, the Orsan King did manage to finally reach Távé'á’tápem, still recovering from the fall of the First Kingdom. However, the garrison of the north wall remained in their post, making the city an impregnable fortress on all sides. Not easy to give up, the Orsan King attempted three separate sieges to take control of the city, the first two were repulsed by the city itself while the third was broken by a united army of the remaining lords that were not conquered by the Orsan King. This army marched south until the Orsan King finally gave up on his conquest, agreeing to establish a new border with the Baimjeidians in exchange for peace. The Lords who fought against the Orsans, now knowing the benefit of working together rather than fighting among themselves, agreed to work on establishing a new kingdom. Their first order of business was attempting to find any descendant of the last King.

By 610, there was no sign of anybody claiming to be King or related to the last King. And as such, the Lords squabbled over who would be declared the next King, with a council of 7 lords taking up residence in the palace and ruling the new “Kingdom” as Co-Regents until a new King could be declared. From the West, a man named Iovianus Drest came to Távé'á’tápem, claiming he had heard the people were seeking a new King, and that he had ruled in the lands near the source of the Blue River, he requested that he be made King to resolve the dispute. However, one of the Seven Lords, Cassian Valerius, had declared he had gained the support of the remaining six lords, and thus should be made King. A third claimant also appeared, by the name Celsus Marcus, who had claimed he was the grandson of the King’s second cousin, third removed, and was of royal blood. The three men rallied the people of Távé'á’tápem and whipped them up into rioting bands, each of them demanding that their man should be made King. The Six Lords were unable to effectively keep control of the city, and fled to the southwest for sanctuary, they would eventually happen upon a great mountain, and in honor of their patron god, established a town on the face of the mountain, which would eventually become Tempel, Dormill, and the capital of West Baimjeidianville.

After the War of the Three Kings, Cassian Valerius won out, being crowned King in 595 B.C.E and establishing the Second Kingdom. His first actions as King was to conquer the lands that belonged to Iovianus Drest, to keep him and his kingdom from contesting his rule in the future, having his younger brother marry the old Queen of Drest’s Kingdom to enforce Valerius’ legitimacy. King Valerius spent the remainder of his time as King establishing a new government, one that could rule in the absence of a King so that the events of the past 95 years could not be repeated. As such, he ordained the creation of a new Temple wherein his new government would be seated. The Gr'áe’jópo (lit. Group of Old Men), known also as the Baimjeidian Senate due to the similarities it shared with the Roman Senate, was composed of the oldest and wisest men in the Kingdom at the time, including noblemen from both Valerius’ Kingdom and Drest’s Kingdom alongside historians, military leaders, and great thinkers. The historians Maximus Máel Máedóc Tacitus and Bradán Iovita Máel Máedóc Donndubhán would serve in the Senate during their lifetimes, alongside several famous generals, Princes, and other members of the Royal Family.

Similar to the Roman Senate, it is considered that a man must have service in the public interest of the Kingdom, either as a General or a Civil Servant, before standing for election to join the Senate. In order to stand for election in the Senate, a prospective candidate must make their announcement on the steps of the Senate Temple, declaring their history, accomplishments, and intentions to the citizens of Távé'á’tápem. During these announcements, a scribe of the Temple will record every word said by the candidate during their speech, and once they are done, the scribe shall submit it to the record of the Senate. The Senate can then decide, based on the candidate’s credentials, to add him to that year’s ballot, or reject his candidacy. This power to reject a candidacy would be frequently used in the history of the Senate to reject those who don’t align with the Senate’s leadership or is a member of a rival family to a prominent Jópo.

The Gr'áe’jópo took several years to establish their power in the Kingdom, and spent plenty of time formalizing their relationship with the King to create a fair and balanced system. Throughout the remainder of the time of predominant Baimjeidian rule, the Gr'áe’jópo would have the power of legislation, to raise and disband armies, to promote generals and leaders of the civil service. They would have the power to declare holidays, levy taxes, and create or disband courts across the Kingdom. The most controversial power that was shared between the King and the Gr'áe’jópo was that, under the circumstances that either would be seen as unfit for their service in a court of law, their counterpart could end their rule and take over until such a time as the other would be able to assume their powers again. In the case of the Gr'áe’jópo’s relationship to the King, they could force his abdication if he was sick, dying, senile, or otherwise unable to perform his duties. In the case of the King’s relationship with the Gr'áe’jópo, the King could force the Gr'áe’jópo to disband if they are stuck in a gridlock, or are being influenced too greatly by one man.

Over the next several decades, the Second Kingdom went on to expand further to the East, past the historical borders and into the vast unknown of the upper White River. Respecting their border with the Osean Kingdom, the Second Kingdom refrained from expanding further down the Blue River throughout its existence. This changed in 465 when the famous general and politician Lóegaire Paulus Maeleachlainn led a campaign towards the ancient city of Far Valley, swiftly taking control of the city and throwing out the local Orsan lord. This triggered yet another war between the Orsans and the Baimjeidian that ended with Lóegaire Paulus Maeleachlainn himself forcing the surrender of the King of the Orsans and returning home in a Triumph (again, similar to the Roman practice). Following this, the Gr'áe’jópo began to consider how to deal with this pesky general who had been stamping on their power for years now. As they deliberated on the situation, they became deadlocked, and unable to legislate as every debate circled back to the status of Lóegaire. The King, annoyed at the deadlock, used his powers to dissolve the Gr'áe’jópo, and at the manipulations of those against Lóegaire, declared the general an enemy of the Kingdom.

Well aware that his actions would eventually array the Kingdom against him, Lóegaire Paulus Maeleachlainn had prepared by building alliances with other generals and his supporters in the Gr'áe’jópo and raising an army equal in size to the army that remained loyal to the Kingdom. After the King’s declaration, Lóegaire Paulus Maeleachlainn began to sail his army up the Blue River, an otherwise illegal act. The First Baimjeidian Civil War lasted for the following 5 years, with the army of Lóegaire Paulus Maeleachlainn chasing the Royalist army across the Kingdom, eventually ending when the King’s guard mutinied against him and killed him.

Following the end of the First Baimjeidian Civil War, Lóegaire Paulus Maeleachlainn briefly served in a position of absolute authority while he and his allies rebuilt the government to operate entirely without a monarch, creating the elected position of Más'áóúa’gá'laiba Gr'áe’jópo (Protector of the Senate) to serve the old King’s capacity as a check on the power of the Gr'áe’jópo. As the new government began to take shape, a new name was given to the new nation, now free of the King. The Gr'áe’jópo eventually settled on Sjíbo’gá'laiba Gr'áe’jópo gá'lá Tŕit́'aaib Píndav’gá'lef gá'lá It́'aegë’gá'lef (lit. Land of the Senate and People of the White and Blue Rivers, Eng. The Republic of the White and Blue Rivers), and set to work on establishing themselves as a functioning government during the remainder of the 400s B.C.E.

Famously, one of the most progressive choices ever made by the early Republican Senate was to permit Women to serve alongside Men, as it was seen that Women were, in some capacity, equally capable as their counterparts both as military leaders, exemplified in the general Martina Luigsech Maxima, who disguised herself as a man to serve in the army and led three successful campaigns north of the Van Curan Valley throughout the late 200s B.C.E; and their capability as civil servants, like when the Priestess Livia Claudia Tatiana took over governorship of Tempel in 186 B.C.E from the suddenly deceased Governor, and managed to not only successfully levy that year’s taxes, but managed to do so while nearly halving the cost of the previous year’s and contributing the greatest amount of any province that year. The two women, who after their respective successes became close political allies, advocated for their ability to serve in the Senate, and after several denials, the Senate permitted them to stand for election, which they won handily. Women would continue to serve in wider roles in Baimjeidian society throughout the end of the Third Kingdom, surprising the invading French and Dutch at the idea of women in leadership positions.

As the Republic kept expanding, their conquests soon began to brush up on the banks of the Kapolder and Waalwijk Rivers, establishing new borders in the far north of the Republic. However, the division between the northernmost reaches of the Republic and the southern regions began to make things difficult. All the while this was happening, the Republic established its first settlements along the Luvtar River around 15 C.E. after conquering the local area some time ago, these settlements would be the first instance of organized rule in Aruia. Unfortunately, these settlements would be short-lived as the Luvtar River suffered from yearly floods, wiping away the settlements in the area and making it too expensive for the Republic to return and reestablish their settlements. This loss in the far south compounded with heightened attacks from the Urching stoked tensions in the north of the Republic, with some leaders both in their home provinces and in the Gr'áe’jópo calling for greater autonomy be given to the north. These requests were frequently denied by the southern members, causing yet another deadlock. However, unlike the King, who was mostly independent from the affairs of the Gr'áe’jópo and was willing to dissolve the body if it was incapable of acting, the current Más'áóúa, Appius Fáelán Varinius Iuvenalis, was firmly on the side of the south, and permitted the gridlock to continue, further driving the sentiment in the north that Távé'á’tápem no longer cared about the people, but more about preserving their own power. Lacking options, northern leaders began assembling armies and getting ready to rebel against the Gr'áe’jópo. However, a revolt would not be necessary as Appius Fáelán Varinius Iuvenalis was killed before the steps of the Senate Temple, and was replaced by the northern-aligned “Consul” Paulinus Drust Albanus, who immediately dissolved the Gr'áe’jópo.

Obviously seeing the two events as planned, the former southern Senators declared that their northern counterparts were enemies of the Republic, and had to be eliminated, starting the Second Baimjeidian Civil War in 59. As the War began to tear apart the Republic, Tempel would split away from the Republic as well, utilizing the mountain to reinforce their position and hold the Holy City for themselves, with the High Priest of Tempel taking over governance of the new state. In the North, the unified effort to throw out their southern oppressors collapsed after several years of war, dividing their armies in two between the generals Tiberius Cassianus Drust and Terentius Corraidhín Cornelius Loukios and making their defeat more and more likely. However, the movement of a tribe of Pre-Osters came across the southern bank of the Blue River, forcing the armies of the South to leave and respond to them before Távé'á’tápem would be threatened, this granted one of the armies of the north the opportunity to take control of significant amounts of land from the southerners. By 100, the Republic was reduced to only Távé'á’tápem, with rebel armies or foreign invaders surrounding them on all sides. However, the city remained as impregnable as always, the siege weapons of the northern armies were incapable of breaching the walls. Meanwhile, in the far north, the remaining armies began to reinforce their new positions and threw out several vanguards of its rival armies, creating a stalemate around the Van Curan Valley. In 117, the two armies agreed to stand down and establish a new border between them, leaving the Republic a rump state, bound for its eventual demise.

In 115, the southern lands conquered by Tiberius Cassianus Drust broke out in a sudden revolt, the remnants of the Republic’s loyalists declaring that they will never serve a Northern Rebel. Over the following years, under the leadership of the legendary female general Paulina Octavia, the Sjíbo’gá'laiba’máloum Píndav’gá'lef (Kingdom of the White River) was founded at some point halfway through 117. Further north, the two dynasties of Tiberius Cassianus Drust and Terentius Corraidhín Cornelius Loukios began to establish their power. The Drustian Dynasty (120 - 1795) would begin its long history by securing its borders against the Loukiosian Dynasty. After several years of border skirmishes, the Drustian Dynasty finally began to settle on its own internal affairs. This began with the establishment of a new capital on the mouth of the Gá'lef’ŕítc'áút́'aét́'aéf (River of the Lake), the modern day Kapolder, which he would name T'aoif’tápem (New Crown). From here, Drust and his descendants would rule over Sjíbo’gá'laiba’máloum gr'áámjin'á’pímeu (lit. Kingdom beyond the Mountains), typically referred to as either the First Drustain Dynasty or the Kingdom of the North. The administrations of the three kingdoms that make up this era did not vary wildly, mostly utilizing holdovers from the Republic. The only major exception Pég'á’gá'laiba Petc'á’sjeiai (Temple of the Brother Gods), was ruled in a much more centralized manner, with the priest of the temple holding extreme authority over the land he ruled.

The era of the Three Kingdoms was mostly peaceful as each focused its energies on their respective internal administrations, the Republic would finally collapse in 130 AD

Colonial Era (1595 - 1655)

The first Dutch East India Company ships arrive in Meireles, Dragao do Mar, in 1595 after spending several months at sea. This landing was the first arrival of the Dutch to the Western Isles at large. Considering the situation of the ongoing rebellion against Spain, they wisely do not take much action initially, and sail further east to find safer harbors. These voyages to the east would eventually result in contact with the nations of the Argean Sea, most especially the Noronnicans and Khas-Kirats who they traded with extensively going into the early 1600s. The war in Europe prevented the Dutch from doing much in the area, but they most importantly established their own trading port in the Ouroan city of Cas Vilsti, granting them a solid base from which to operate from in the Isles. The Ceasefire of Antwerp and the beginning of the Twelve Years Truce granted the Dutch access to Spanish ports in Aldeota, allowing the VOC to expand its operations in the Isles. In order to establish new trading relationships in the east, the VOC Board sends Captains Mick Grottingon, Wacob Jillekens and Maikel Vroomen, all renowned explorers, to accomplish such a mission. As time went on, Mick and Maikel would eventually be succeeded by their sons, Tjeerd Grottingon and Aric Vroomen, to further establish the Dutch in the Isles. Grottingon and Vroomen spend their childhoods in constant communication, establishing a friendship that would serve as the foundation of Michigonian and Stiuraian relations.

In 1611, to test how willing the Dutch were to stand up to the treaty, the Portuguese under Spanish direction began to close off the ports of Aldeota to Dutch ships. This prompted the VOC to launch an expedition into Aldeota, starting with an attack on Paracuru. Led by Captain Wacob Jillekens and 1,700 VOC troops, the Dutch swiftly took over the city, and followed it up by taking Meireles. These actions would prompt the local population to fight off the European invaders over the following years. The people of Aldeota declares independence from European rule, and begins a series of attacks across the Captaincy in an effort to throw out the Dutch and the Spanish. With the Netherlands back in a fight with the Spanish as the Thirty Years War begins in earnest, the Dutch government grants the VOC further powers in the Isles, including the power to issue their own colonial charters. This will catalyze the Dutch colonization of Gael, beginning later that year when it sends Maikel and Aric Vroomen with an exploration fleet into the Argean Sea, establishing contacts with Vaenland, Noronica, the Third Baimjeidian Kingdom, and the Michigume. In summer 1621, Aric makes a landing in the mouth of the River of the Lake, not far from the ruins of the city of New Crown, which was destroyed by the Sunuwar Hangate a decade prior. Seeing the value in establishing a permanent presence along the Argean, Aric and Maikel appeal to the VOC to begin establishing settlements in north Gael. Unfortunately, Maikel succumbed to scurvy, leaving Aric returns to the River of the Lake, and establishes a city along the south bank following the creation of a polder near the center of the river as a trading port. This polder and port city would eventually become Kapolder, named in his honor. As 1624 progressed, the situation with Aldeotan rebels worsen as they capture Meireles, shattering Portuguese and Dutch control in Raedlon. Though the fight was long from over as the VOC began to build up its power in Gael as a way to escape the situation.

Throughout the mid-1620s, with the success of Vroomen's city and the foundation of Ringoven further north of it, the VOC grants a charter to its first Gaeltic colony, naming it Kapolder after the same city. Eventually, after a brief war with the Baimjeidian Kingdom, the Dutch also seize a trade city on the north coast, which was then renamed to Waalwijk. Waalwijk would become a part of Kapolder shortly thereafter. In the west, two other charters were established, New Friesland and Stiura. The former was established on the west bank of the Rattenberg River, with Stiura given a mandate of everything to the east that wasn’t Kapolder. Around then, the Dutch made their first treaties with the Michigume to recognize the modern border between Michigonia and New Friesland, finalizing part of the eastern border of the Dutch colonies, for Stiura (also known as Batavia), it took some time for the colony to establish control as the largest of the three, and only managed to navigate the Helle River to its source before word arrived of French forts being established in the northeast, the French had begun colonization.

In 1627, the French fully established themselves in Gael following the erection of the royal standard on the north bank of the Kapolder, and began construction on a court to counter the in construction of the Kapolder Stock Exchange, this would begin the multiple year rivalry between the French and Dutch colonies in Gael up until the creation of the United Republics. Through the following year, the French began to entrench themselves further by establishing another opposing settlement to Waalwijk, forcing the two governments to come to terms to prevent a war from breaking out over the territories. In the subsequent treaty, the border between French Gael and Dutch Gael was established, with the French additionally respecting the existing Dutch coastal settlements in Ringoven, South Alban, and Waalwijk.

After the treaty, both the French and Dutch governments turned their focus back to European affairs, leaving their colonies to fend for themselves. While this period began with hostility between the colonies, it was the actions of Kapolder to increase their trade connections with the French colonies that began to bridge the gap between the two disparate cultures. However, as the 1630s began, the first vestiges of an independent Stiuraian and Dormillian identity began to take shape.

The 1630s began relatively quiet as the Dutch and French colonies in Gael began to establish themselves further and deeper into Gael, the French most especially through the use of the White and Blue Rivers, thus resulting in a further pushback of the Third Baimjedian Kingdom, meanwhile in Raedlon, the Battle of Vestengguen ends in a disaster for Dutch forces. The entire force in Raedlon in addition to Wacob Jillekens was killed in its aftermath, ending the Aldeotan War of Independence. Following the death of Jillekens and the end of the Aldeotan War of Independence, the Dutch began to refocus their efforts in Gael, granting more powers and freedoms to its several colonies. These freedoms in hand, the colonies of Batavia, Kapolder, and Zeelandia held the first States-General in Gaeltic history which established a new trading relationship between the colonies. In the French half, self-rule would be harder to come by as their focus remained on putting an end to the Baimjedians in the south. During this time in the mid-1630s, several Dutch colonies began to assemble militias to defend their borders from fleeing Baimjedians or chasing Frenchmen.

On the matter of Baimjedia, French militias had continued their push south into the lands of the final Kingdom, eventually reaching and conquering Távé'á’tápem, marking the end of the Third Baimjedian Kingdom. Those who survived either fled into Dutch Gael, the Orsan Kingdom, or even into Ainslie and beyond. Ultimately, the end of Baimjedia is also marked as the beginning of Doraltic history in so far as it was the first time French and Dutch powers had nominal control over the land.

  • 1641: The VOC furthers its power in Gael in response to French colonization, pressing further south until finding themselves up against . The two would continue to fight over the southern border until coming to an agreement in the Peace of Utrecht.

  • 1648: The Stiuraian Colonies had reached their territorial extent, losing out on the riches of the Ardedans to a following treaty with the French but gaining free reign to march further into Balnik. However, the VOC's conflicts in the Isles were definitively over, and with that they began to forge a more long-term administration in Stiura.

  • 1652: As the First Anglo-Dutch War began, Stiura and New Friesland simultaneously invaded the English colony of New Fife (modern Port Orange, Stafford, Reading, Zwolle, and Eppendorf), swiftly conquering and annexing the territory, which will remain so through the Treaty of Kapolder (negotiated and ratified around the timeframe of the Treaty of Westminster)

  • 1653: Aric Vroomen's death ended his governorship of Kapolder, prompting talks of consolidating it with Stiura into a larger administration as the wider Anglo-Dutch War continued. This led to protests against the colonial government and the blockade of Veldzicht and Kapolder, the triggering points of the subsequent revolution.

  • 1654: Attempts by the Dutch colonial government to centralize control over Gael in the aftermath of the First Anglo-Dutch War leads to a full-blown revolution, seeking to depose the colonial government in order to maintain the decentralized status quo, leads to the formation of an independent Stiuraian Republic over most of the territory, with Kapolder, New Friesland, and Eppendorf each separately gaining independence, initiating the Stiuraian Era