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by The Golden Empire of Breen. . 223 reads.

Constitution of CISB Ratified 12 April 2018 - Amended 25 June 2019

Preamble:

We, the leaders of the nations of CISB, desire to establish a regional government that will promote more enduring stability and a higher interregional status for CISB and its member nations. We adopt this Constitution to promote and balance the region’s need for a strong and stable government with the region’s commitment to democracy. This Constitution is intended to build a just and humane society and establish a government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, provide for the mutual defense of region and its member nations; and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, brotherhood, equality and peace.

— Chapter I: Bill of Rights —

§1 - Freedom of opinion

¹ Every nation is welcome in CISB regardless of its political views or system of government.

² Every nation may choose its own ideology, flag, motto, classification, currency, national animal, leader, faith and banners. Each nation may answer issues presented by the NationStates game according to its own wishes and discretion. However, this freedom is subject to the general terms of service of the NationStates website.

§2 - Freedom of expression

¹ Freedom to hold opinions and express them orally, in writing or by other means of expression is guaranteed within the limits of the law. The law may limit freedom of expression when necessary to control the posting of content that violates the NationStates terms of service; that is obscene or illegal; that discloses military secrets or otherwise jeopardizes the regional security of CISB; that constitutes sedition or rebellion; that reveals personal information about individual players controlling nations inside or outside CISB; that is malicious or defamatory towards religious, national or ethnic groups; or that is malicious or defamatory towards real-life persons (including individual players controlling nations inside or outside CISB).

² Member nations are free to speak to and about the regional government according to their own conscience and may use any lawful means provided under this Constitution to petition for the removal and replacement of government officials; for the amendment, repeal or replacement of legislation; or for the exercise of discretion by government officials in applying legislation. However, this freedom does not extend to advocating the overthrow or willfully encouraging disobedience to the constitutional order or existing legislation.

³ This right to freedom of expression under this Constitution does not replace or limit the general terms of service laid down by the moderators and administrators of the NationStates website.

§3 - Freedom from interregional war

CISB is a peaceful and neutral region. It may not initiate aggression against other regions in form of wars or “raiding” operations, nor will it participate in “defender” operations on behalf of other regions except under extraordinary circumstances. CISB may participate in defensive military actions to support and defend CISB’s government and member nations.

§4 - Electoral rights

Every citizen of CISB has the right to make its voice heard in free and fair elections. CISB adheres to a “one player, one vote” principle and may enact laws to ensure that players do not use puppets to tamper with elections and voting.

§5 - Right to privacy

Every member of CISB is free to decide whether or not to participate in regional role play, voting, elections or other activities. No nation may be forced to participate in any of these events.

— Chapter II: Residence and Citizenship —

§6 - Provisions on residence and citizenship

¹ Any nation that is a citizen of CISB on the date this Constitution is enacted will remain a citizen unless it loses citizenship according to the law.

² The Landsraad may enact laws imposing additional requirements on nations residing in CISB.

§7 - Admission

Any nation that seeks to enter CISB will be admitted as a resident of the region unless the Guardian Council determines that the applicant presents a threat to CISB’s regional harmony or security.

§8 - Registration

Any nation entering CISB is required to register with a CISB border control official within seventy-two (72) hours of arriving in the region. Any nation refusing to comply with registration procedures is subject to summary ejection. Each nation is required to declare:

  1. the name of its nation;

  2. all puppets associated with their nation;

  3. the names of other regions in NationStates in which the nation or its affiliated puppets have resided; and

  4. any other information that may be required by law.

— Chapter III: General Structure of the Government —

§9 - Legislative power

The legislative power is exercised by the Landsraad. It has the power to enact new or repeal existing laws in CISB.

§10 - Executive power

The executive power is exercised by the Statsminister and the Cabinet. They are the leaders of the region and have the power to enforce laws in CISB.

§11 - Judiciary power

The judiciary power is exercised by the Chief Justice. The Chief Justice has the power to resolve disputes and interpret laws for CISB.

§12 - The Guardian Council

The Guardian Council is responsible for ensuring CISB’s regional security, stability and harmony.

§13 - The Founder

The Founder is the ultimate guarantor and enforcer of CISB’s security and stability.

— Chapter IV: The Landsraad —

§14 - Status

¹ The Landsraad is the legislative body of CISB.

² Any member nation of CISB – whether or not a citizen – may propose a law, or an amendment to an existing law. A proposed law or amendment is called a "bill." A simple majority vote of nations voting on a bill is required to pass a bill in the Landsraad.

§15 - Composition

All citizens of CISB (except for the nation of Pascala) automatically have a seat in the Landsraad and may propose, comment on and participate in debate on any topic under discussion in the Landsraad. However, the right to vote on bills and other proposals in the Landsraad is limited to citizens of CISB who are members of the World Assembly and are registered to vote in the manner defined by law.

§16 - Speaker of the Landsraad

[DELETED BY AMENDMENT RATIFIED *******]

§17 - Proceedings

¹ The Minister of Administration will set the voting period for each matter presented to the Landsraad for a vote. However, the minimum voting period for a bill is twenty-four (24) hours; the minimum voting period for a petition to ratify a nomination is twelve (12) hours; and the minimum voting period for proposed constitutional amendments is forty-eight (48) hours.

² At the end of each voting period, the Minister of Administration must tally the vote and report the outcome.

³ Decisions of the Landsraad are adopted by simple majority vote except in circumstances where this Constitution, or applicable law, requires a higher majority.

⁴ Additional regulations for the legislative process may be described in other applicable law.

— Chapter V: The Statsminister and the Cabinet —

§18 - Eligibility to serve as Statsminister

Any nation may serve as Statsminister of CISB if it meets all of the following qualifications:

  1. It is not controlled by the same player who controls the Founder, the Speaker of the Landsraad, or any member of the Cabinet.

  2. It has been a registered resident of CISB for at least three (3) consecutive months.

  3. It is registered on the offsite forum.

  4. It is a member of the World Assembly.

§19 - Term

The Statsminister of CISB is elected by the citizens of CISB for a term of one year; beginning at 12:00 UTC on June 30 and ending at 11:59 UTC on June 30 of the following year.

§20 - Election

¹ The Founder must appoint the first Statsminister under this Constitution for a term ending at 11:59 UTC on June 30, 2018.

² Elections for a new Statsminister must be held every year no later than June 15 for a one-year term beginning at 12:00 UTC on June 30 of that year.

³ Each candidate for Statsminister must submit a party list (consisting of that candidate’s selections for the four Cabinet posts) at least twenty-four (24) hours before the start of the Statsministerial election.

⁴ The Minister of Administration must hold a vote on all valid candidates lasting forty-eight (48) hours. The restrictions on this vote are subject to any applicable law. The candidate receiving the highest number of valid votes will be confirmed as Statsminister immediately.

⁵ If an election for Statsminister results in a tie, the Founder may select any one of the candidates to serve as Statsminister but must also present a motion of no-confidence against that candidate following the procedure laid down in §23 of this Constitution. If that candidate survives the motion of no-confidence, it will assume office as Statsminister. If it does not, then the Founder must select any other of the tied candidates and present a similar motion. If no tied candidate is able to survive a motion of no-confidence, the Founder may select any nation (except itself) as Statsminister and present a similar motion. This process will continue until a nation is confirmed as Statsminister.

§21 - Powers of the Statsminister

¹ The Statsminister has all onsite powers and authorities available in the NationStates system except Executive authority. The office of the Statsminister may be combined with WA Delegate.

² The Statsminister must appoint and maintain a Cabinet consisting of four nations, called Officers or Cabinet Members, holding the portfolios described in §22 of this Constitution.

³ The Statsminister may enact temporary laws in the form of an Executive Decree, when urgent circumstances require this, but if and only if the Statsminister issues a written dispatch stating reasonable detail:

  1. why the law is needed;

  2. stating the calendar date (IRL) of issuance; and

  3. c. stating the nature of the urgent circumstances that require use of the Executive Decree process.

⁴ Any law enacted by Executive Decree automatically expires thirty (30) days after it is issued unless it is ratified by the Landsraad during that 30-day period. The Statsminister may not renew an expired law by issuing a new Executive Decree.

§22 - The Cabinet

¹ The members of the Cabinet are as follows, and have the powers and authorities stated next to their respective portfolios:

  1. Minister of the Interior: In charge of the regional map and the civil register; and is granted Appearance, Communications and Polls authority.

  2. Minister for Foreign Affairs: In charge of recruitment and all diplomatic affairs with other regions; and is granted Border Control, Communications and Embassies authority.

  3. Minister of Administration: In charge of maintaining up-to-date versions of the Constitution, all CISB legislation and overseeing the legislative process of CISB; and is granted Appearance, Communications and Polls authority.

  4. Minister of Role Play: In charge of enacting and administering role play guidelines; and is granted Appearance, Communications and Polls authority.

² Cabinet Members are appointed by, and serve at the pleasure of, the Statsminister; however, any Cabinet Member may be removed by the Landsraad through a vote of no-confidence.

³ The following nations are not eligible to serve as Cabinet Members:

  1. the Founder;

  2. the Statsminister;

  3. the Speaker of the Landsraad; or

  4. any nation controlled by a player who also controls one of the nations listed in points (a) through (c).

⁴ Cabinet Members acting within the scope of their respective jurisdictions may issue administrative regulations by administrative order. Any regulation issued by an Officer may be nullified at any time by simple majority vote in the Landsraad.

⁵ For the purpose of achieving efficient delivery of services, the Statsminister may, by written notice to the Landsraad, assign any function specified in this Constitution to any Cabinet member on a temporary or permanent basis.

§23 - Removal of the Statsminister or Cabinet members

¹ Any member of the Landsraad may present a motion of no-confidence in the Statsminister. If a motion of no-confidence in the Statsminister is presented by one nation and seconded by another, the Speaker of the Landsraad must bring it to a vote within seven (7) days. A simple majority vote of the nations that are voting is sufficient to adopt a no-confidence motion. If a motion of no-confidence in the Statsminister is adopted, the Statsminister and the entire Cabinet are dismissed and a sSpecial eElection must be held for the remaining balance of the Statsminister’s term.

² Special Elections held to replace a dismissed Statsminister and Cabinet must be run in the way outlined in Chapter IV, §20, 3-5 of this Charter, except that in the absence of a Minister of Administration the Founder will run the election instead. A Special Election must be run no later than seven (7) days after the successful vote of no-confidence.

³ Any member of the Landsraad may present a motion of no-confidence in a specific Cabinet Member. If a motion of no-confidence in the Statsminister is presented by one nation and seconded by another, the Speaker of the Landsraad must bring it to a vote within seven (7) days. A two-thirds supermajority, defined as at least 67% of total votes cast on the motion, is required to adopt a motion of no-confidence in a specific Cabinet Member. If such a motion is adopted, the Cabinet Member is considered dismissed and the Statsminister must appoint a replacement within seven (7) days. The Statsminister may not re-appoint the same nation that has been removed through the no-confidence process to any Cabinet post within the Statsministerial term.

§24 - Term limits and vacancies

¹ There is no limit on the number of terms a nation may serve in the Cabinet. Membership on the Cabinet does not deprive a nation of the right to participate as a full voting member of the Landsraad., except as provided in §16 of this Constitution., except as provided in §16 of this Constitution.

² A seat on the Cabinet is vacant if the nation holding that seat leaves the region of CISB for more than twelve (12) consecutive hours unless authorised by law; ceases to exist; or is not re-selected to hold that seat at the end of its term.

— Chapter VI: The Chief Justice —

§25 - Status

¹ The Chief Justice forms the judicial branch of the government of CISB. The Guardian Council shall nominate a nation to serve as Chief Justice for term of one year, renewable. Any nominee must be confirmed by the Landsraad by a simple majority vote. If a nominee is rejected by the Landsraad the Guardian Council must nominate a different individual who meets the requirements. The incumbent Chief Justice must be reconfirmed for each term. The Guardian Council may remove the Chief Justice at any time, but if a vacancy arises in the Chief Justice post, the Guardian Council must nominate a replacement within seven (7) days.

² The nation serving as Chief Justice of CISB must meet all of the following qualifications:

  1. It is not controlled by the same player who controls the any member of the Cabinet.

  2. It has been a registered resident of CISB for at least three (3) consecutive months.

  3. It is registered on the offsite forum.

    §26 - Powers and tasks

    ¹ The Chief Justice is the final decision-maker on out-of-character disputes between nations, and between nations and the government of CISB.

    ² The Chief Justice has jurisdiction to hear complaints about arbitrary/unfair application of laws and abuse of power, as well to resolve disputes on how to interpret ambiguous aspects of CISB law.

    ³ When resolving a dispute, the Chief Justice must provide a written ruling explaining its reasoning.

— Chapter VII: The Founder —

§27 - Status

¹ The nation of Pascala is the Founder and supreme executive authority of CISB.

² The Founder’s right to use its authority is defined and limited by this Constitution.

§28 - Term

The Founder’s term is unlimited. The Founder cannot be removed or impeached.

§29 - Powers and restrictions

¹ The nation of Pascala, as Founder, is exempt from any CISB law governing the use of puppets. However, the player controlling Pascala is required to comply with any puppet disclosure and registration requirements imposed by law and is required to comply with all aspects of puppet controlling legislation in respect of any puppets other than Pascala.

² Pascala has observer status in the Landsraad and may participate in debates, but Pascala may not vote in the Landsraad nor in any regional polls. However, the player controlling Pascala may vote in the Landsraad and in regional polls through another nation so long as that other nation complies with all immigration and voter registration requirements laid down by law.

³ The Founder may use its executive powers to block any attempt by the Statsminister, the WA Delegate, or any other official holding executive authority within CISB to amend or suspend this Constitution by unilateral decree.

⁴ If given a lawful order by the competent authorities of CISB, the Founder must use its executive powers to resist any attempts to invade, raid or destabilize the region.

⁵ The Founder may use its powers without prior authorization from the competent authorities of CISB in circumstances where the Founder reasonably believes that the security or stability of CISB is under threat, but in these circumstances the Founder must provide a detailed written statement to the Cabinet justifying its actions. The Cabinet may order the Founder to reverse any action taken without prior authorization from the Statsminister or Cabinet and, if so ordered, the Founder must comply with the order.

⁶ The Founder may not use its executive powers for any purpose or in any manner that is not contemplated by this Constitution or provided for under CISB law.

— Chapter VIII: The Guardian Council —

§30 - Status

The Guardian Council is responsible for ensuring the security and stability of CISB and has a broad mandate to exercise any powers that are necessary to protect that security and stability.

§31 - Composition and election

¹ The Guardian Council consists of three (3) permanent members, with the possibility of one (1) temporary member. The three permanent members are the Founder and both Presidents under the former Charter (the nations of Pascala, Khingan and Samwych).

² In the case that the Statsminister is already a member of the Guardian Council, the Statsminister may appoint another citizen of CISB to sit on the Council. This appointment must be ratified by the Landsraad through simple vote.

³ This nation will be a temporary member and its term will end when the Statsminister leaves office or the other members of the Council decide to remove it from its position.

⁴ If a permanent member ceases to be eligible to serve, or resigns from the Guardian Council, leaves CISB or ceases to exist, the members of the Guardian Council may jointly appoint a replacement.

— Chapter IX: Expulsion from CISB —

§32 - Ejection powers by Border Control officers

¹ The Founder or any nation exercising Border Control authority is authorized to summarily eject any nation from CISB if after reasonable written notice that nation fails to comply with duly enacted legislation, or if the Statsminister or the Cabinet declares that nation a threat to regional security or harmony.

² The Founder has emergency power to eject any nation it deems to be a threat to regional security. The Founder must present the Cabinet with a written report stating the reasons for the ejection within forty-eight (48) hours of any ejection decision. The Cabinet may override an ejection decision by a simple majority vote.

§33 - Other grounds for ejection

The Landsraad may enact laws defining other circumstances in which a member of CISB may be ejected from the region.

— Chapter X: Revision of the Constitution —

§34 - Origin of amendments to the Constitution

Proposals to amend the Constitution must originate in the Landsraad.

§35 - Proceedings

¹ Any member nation of CISB may submit a bill proposing to amend the Constitution to the Landsraad on condition that the bill has at least two (2) co-sponsors.

² A bill to amend the Constitution originating in the Landsraad is adopted if approved by at least two-thirds, defined as at least 67%, of total votes cast on the proposal.

§36 - Transitional provisions

Upon ratification, this Constitution repeals and replaces the entire previous Charter of CISB, dated 14 January 2017, and all amendments to it; and goes into effect immediately.

The Golden Empire of Breen

Edited:

RawReport