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by The United States of America JB. . 1,107 reads.

Constitution of The Democratic Republic

The Constitution of The Democratic Republic

Constitutional Index

Index (Preamble/Articles 1-3)

Index (Articles 4-7)

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Regional Motto: In varietate unitas - United in diversity

The Constitution of The Democratic Republic


Preamble:
The people of this great Republic have cumulated in one cause to establish Sovereignty, Liberty and Liberation. We do ordain and establish this Constitution for The Democratic Republic on Nationstates and The Democratic Republic affiliated Discord server. We have resolved to set forth in a coalesced declaration the natural, inalienable, and sacred rights of Citizens.


Right to speech and expression: The right to say your opinion, your values, and the free practice of the press within NationStates rules shall not be suppressed except in the case of egregious hate speech (eg racism), intentionally false speech (ie intentionally lying), or in other cases where the Supreme Court determines that said speech cannot reasonably be protected in a modern democracy.

Right to Protest: The right to tranquilly protest government and regional activities.

Right to a Trial: All Citizens shall have the right to an expeditious and public trial by an impartial Equity although their activities may be reasonably restricted throughout the server and region pending trial if it is demonstrated that they are likely to damage the region and/or its reputation or that of the prosecutors pending trial.

Right to run for office: All law-abiding Citizens shall have the right to run for office in which they qualify for and shall have the unalienable right to vote in regional elections.

The aforementioned rights shall not be infringed upon in any way although the courts may impose reasonable restrictions upon the breadth of these rights. All nations who are residing in The Democratic Republic after meeting the equitable qualification for Citizenship of residing in the region for a week and joining the discord server, are recognized as Citizens thereof with exception of Puppet nations. Further, defines a puppet nation as a nation that was created by an already-existing member of The Democratic Republic.

Article 2 - Office of Founder
  • Section I

    • Acknowledges, Capital AL & America JB, as the Founders of The Democratic Republic.

    • The Founders retain executive powers on NationStates, using their executive power to help lead the region in a time of crisis such as a mass exodus of the Regional Government.

  • Section II

      The Founders shall have the sole power to
    • Manage Regional Records

    • Present the Senate with a special proposal to retract the citizenship of any nation in The Democratic Republic with it needing a simple majority vote by the senate to pass. The exception is that to retract the Citizenship of a Consul or Justice will require a supermajority vote of the Senate. This may be overturned by the Supreme Court if there was evidence found of illegal actions in the process of revoking the citizenship of the nation.

Article 3 - Office of Consul

  • Section I

    • Establishes the Office of Consul in The Democratic Republic, who serves as Head of Government and State while also serving as Commander in Chief of the armed forces.

    • If the Consul is unable to fulfill his duties, the Consul may select a cabinet member to serve as temporary acting Consul with all the authority of a Consul. For the cabinet member to become acting Consul, the Consul must make an official announcement declaring him acting Consul and declare the time he will be inactive for. If the Consul is unable to fulfill his duties for a significant period throughout his term, then he may be impeached. The Consul may regain his full powers immediately once he declares himself active again.

    • The Consul is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by the Legislature.

    • A Consul of The Democratic Republic may not serve as a member of Senate or Courts while serving as Consul

  • Section II

    • The Consul shall be elected through a public vote and shall serve for a minimum tenure of 30 days (except in the case of impeachment, resignation, or other special circumstance) before facing prospects of an election. If Consul is removed from office, his successor in the line of succession will continue his tenure in office. The Consul's term in office will come to an end after 90 days, in that case, a Consul election will be held the day of his term ending. If the incumbent Consul wins, then he may continue serving as Consul in a new term.

    • For an early election to occur before the 90 day tenure is finished, the Senate shall hold a vote of no confidence to schedule the early election. The Senate must pass the vote of no confidence with a majority vote. Five (5) days from that point, the Consul election will be held, in which the incumbent Consul will be automatically placed on the ballot, if he qualifies. All other candidates should announce their candidacy per legislative procedure. If the Consul wins the early election, he will serve in a new term.

  • Section III

    • The Consul has the potency to issue Executive Orders, which shall act as law with the full force of law behind it, equivalent to all other legislation except the Constitution. The orders may not go against passed legislation or this Constitution or be used to abolish or amend anything to either.

    • The Consul shall have power to sign or veto any law passed by the Senate.

    • The Consul and their authorized representative(s) shall have the power to negotiate treaties with foreign regions. Through advice and consent of the Senate, the proposed treaty would need to pass with a Supermajority vote of the Senate to be ratified into law. This should not be interpreted to say that the Consul is the only individual who can propose treaties; an authorized representative(s) of the Consul may also exercise these powers. The Senate may veto the closure or the opening of an embassy by a Supermajority vote.

    • The Consul shall have the sole power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against The Democratic Republic on all others than himself with a Supermajority vote of the Senate. The reprieves and pardons shall not affect an impeachment process.

    • The Consul shall nominate members to the Supreme Court when there is a vacancy on the aforementioned court for the Senate to approve with a Supermajority vote. The nominee must be a Citizen of The Democratic Republic.

  • Section IV

    • The Cabinet of Ministers shall avail the Consul in carrying out government policy and law by managing over individual departments.

    • The Cabinet of Ministers shall be nominated by the Consul and approved by the Senate each term to insure transparency. Cabinet members may be removed from their position in the cabinet by the Consul for any reason.

    • The Consul of The Democratic Republic shall preside over the Cabinet of Ministers.

        The Ministers shall be the:
      • Minister of Defense- advising and aiding the Consul in implementing the defense policy set by the Regional Government.

      • Minister of State- advising and aiding the Consul in managing the Foreign Policy of The Democratic Republic on all matters relating to embassies, foreign regions and external threats.

      • Minister of Interior- general job of upkeeping and managing the Interior of the Region. Advises the Consul on legislation while working with Speaker to achieve the administrations legislative agenda.

      • Attorney General- head of The Democratic Republic Department of Justice. The Chief law officer of the regional government who helps the government minimize it's legal risks by advising the Consul and other heads of executive departments. Helps the Consul in enforcing regional law.

      • Special Adviser(s)- Special Advisers do not hold specific responsibilities or authority in the cabinet, but are individuals whom the Consul would like to continually consult on most or all regional issues. There can be any number of Special Advisers in the Cabinet, although the Consul is not required to have any.

  • Section V

    • In the case of impeachment or resignation, in which the Consul is untimely removed from office, the Minister of State will become Consul to finish the term, until a new Consul is elected.

    • If the Minister of the State is unwilling or unable to become Consul, then the following line of succession will be used: Speaker of Senate, Minister of Defense, Minister of Interior, Attorney General. If the entire executive branch of government is unwilling or unable to operate, then the procedures under Article 2 Section 1 will be utilized until a new Consul is elected.

Article 4 - Legislature

  • Section I

    • All legislative Powers granted in this Article shall be vested in the Senate of The Democratic Republic.

    • The Senate shall decide the number of Senate seats, with the minimum number of Senate seats being five, and with the number of seats always being odd to prevent ties. The Senator's shall be elected by the people every month on the first day.

    • A member of Senate may not serve in the Courts or as Consul of The Democratic Republic while serving as Senator.

  • Section II

    • The Senate shall be presided over by the Speaker of the Senate who is meant to manage the day to day operations of the Senate by conducting the opening and closing of votes and their documentation.

    • The Speaker is appointed by the Senate in their own ranks with a simplemajority vote. If the Speaker get's re-elected in the Senatorial election then he may continue his role as Speaker into the new term. The Speaker may be contested by a Senator during the term. If the Speaker is contested by another member of the Senate then a vote shall be held in the Senate on the future of the Speakership.

    • The Speaker shall be a member of the Cabinet. The Speaker shall be permitted to make requests of the various ministers in the Cabinet, although the Consul may overrule these requests.

  • Section III

    • The Senate shall have the responsibility of enacting laws known as Acts and Substantiation of nominees to the Cabinet and Court. Confirmation of nominees to the Cabinet require a simple majority while nominees to the court require a supermajority vote. The Senate also has the responsibility of advise and consent.

    • Bills are proposed laws which shall be labeled as Acts when voted and signed into law.

    • Laws have the purpose of Establishing standards to which the region decides it will not abide certain behaviors, Maintaining order, Resolving disputes, and composing regional culture.

    • Every passed law before taking legal effect shall be presented to the Consul of The Democratic Republic, who shall either sign it into law or veto it.

    • The Senate reserves the right to create their own rules relating to Senate procedure, called Standing Orders.

    • This document acknowledges it's within the right of the Senate to dissolve itself and call immediate Senatorial elections, providing a Motion to Dissolve passes the Senate with a Supermajority vote in favor of dissolution and further providing that the Motion to Dissolve is approved by the Consul.

  • Section IV

    • A Supermajority vote in the Senate shall consist of a seventy percent majority vote of the voting body for, rounding to the nearest tenth. The Senate may override a Veto and Executive Order by the Consul with a Supermajority vote.

  • Section V

    • When vacancies occur in the Senate, the Speaker shall issue a special election to fill such vacancy. If the Vacancy occurs five (5) days before the general election then no special election is required.

  • Section VI

    • The Democratic Republic Constitution may be amended by, firstly a supermajority vote of the Senate

    • Secondly, the Amendment then must be put up in a public poll by the Consul or a Senator for 24 hours and pass by a simplemajority vote before being added to the Constitution.

    • Clarifies that grammar and spelling errors within the Constitution and/or legislation can be corrected with a justice’s approval without going through ordinarily required procedures.

Article 5 - Judicial Branch

  • Section I

    • The Judicial branch shall be made up of the Supreme Court which shall be composed of three justices who shall accommodate for life, except in the case of impeachment, resignation, leaving the region perpetually or any other situation of removal from office provided in this Constitution.

    • The Supreme Court shall be presided over by a Chief Justice. The Chief Justice shall be chosen by basis of seniority on the Supreme Court. The Chief Justice shall oversee the correct functions of the Supreme Court and shall write the Rulings and Judicial opinions.

    • Justices are responsible for overseeing that all Government officials adhere to the law, and all laws and Executive orders passed are Constitutional and/or legal.

    • The Supreme Court shall operate as a common law legal system, with all of the privileges and rights thereof.

  • Section II

      Supreme Court may issue decrees with a majority vote of the Supreme Court. In a trial, only one Justice is needed.
    • Judicial Decision is a decree which mandates that a nation(s) adhere to the law, or carry out an act which the Court requires. They also settle a dispute brought afore them or which nullifies previous court Decisions. Judicial Decisions set precedent in The Democratic Republic law system. The Decision must be Constitutional.

    • Judicial Veto is a decree which averts the passage into force of a Senatorial decision/legislation, Executive order, and a member of Cabinet's decision. The Supreme Court may not Veto the nomination of a Justice.

    • The Supreme Court may not issue a decree which does not fall under the category of an Decision or Veto.

    • In order to enforce Article 5 Section 1, the Supreme Court shall be endowed with the power of judicial review, including the authority to independently review and interpret the Constitution, previous court decisions, and so forth.

  • Section III

    • The Court must in every case, give the incriminated the right to forfend themselves and the Prosecutor the right to outline their position.

    • Justices can be recused voluntarily from a case or by a vote of a majority of the Senate. If a Justice has been recused, a temporary Judicial official will be appointed for the case by the Consul, and approved by the Senate by a simple majority.

  • Section IV

    • In a trial, the accuser and the incriminated must give statements, If either party fails to give a statement within 24 hours of being asked, then he forfeits the right of statement. In time sensitive cases, the time to give a statement may be reasonably reduced, although such a reduction should permit an automatic appeal of the case.

    • Once all evidence is presented and statements made, each party shall be given the chance to call witnesses who also may make a statement. The Judge may ask questions of the witnesses. Witnesses called must make their statement within 24 hours of the request or the statement shall not be heard.

    • Once all evidence and statements have been given, the Judge shall issue a verdict.

    • A nation may appeal to the Supreme court within 3 days of the verdict, with Chief Justice being able to give exceptions for requests passed the limit. The nation will present the evidence to all the Justices and the Supreme court would vote on a retrial. If a majority of the Supreme court votes to take up the case then the Supreme Court would hold a retrial. The Supreme Courts verdict is final and may not be undone, unless at a later time the Supreme Court reverses the case.

    • Clarifies that, due to the realities of the Internet and the lack of real-life investigative authority and means available to prosecutors, the preponderance of the evidence standard should be the default standard of evidence in all cases, which is met if the trier of fact believes the evidence shows the defendant is more likely than not-- more than 50% likely to be-- guilty, unless the judge determines that a higher burden of proof is necessary, in which case he should inform the prosecution of this at the time that the complaint against the defendant is made, and the prosecution should be allotted an appropriate amount of additional time to meet the higher-than-normal standard.

Article 6 - Impeachment Proceedings
  • Section I

    • Any official of the Government of The Democratic Republic is subject to impeachment if they commit a malefaction.

    • When a government official is impeached and removed from office, he may not hold regional government office for a period of 30 days after their removal from office.

    The following are grounds for impeachment in the Republic:
    • The breaking of a passed law in The Democratic Republic. The committing of a high crime such as Perjury of oath, bribery (Practice of offering, giving, or receiving something of value for the purpose of influencing the action of an official in discharge of his public or legal duties), dereliction of duty (Failure to fulfill one's legal duty to a reasonable expectation), unbecoming conduct, and refusal to obey a lawful order.

    • Committing Treason. Treason by a Nation in The Democratic Republic shall consist only in the illegal attempt to undermine and/or destroy and/or collaborate with a foreign enemy to weaken the duly elected government of The Democratic Republic. Treason is punishable by Ban/ejection from The Democratic Republic if convicted.

  • Section II

    • For a member of government, with the exemption of a Justice, to be removed from office, a Citizen must bring forth a formal resolution in which they outline the charges against the government official. The charges must amount to an impeachable offense. The Supreme court must approve the charges as an impeachable offense as outlined in this Constitution. If the charges are approved by the Supreme court then the Senate, with the exception of a suspected Senator, shall hold a trial and a vote on abstraction from office with a Supermajority vote.

    • For a Justice to be removed from office, a Citizen must bring impeachment charges to the Senate floor presenting the evidence. If the evidence is acceded on by the Senate as being acceptable then the Senate will vote on the impeachment with a Supermajority vote to abstract the incriminated Justice from office.

Article 7 - Regulations of Foundation

  • Section I

    • This Article does hereby acknowledge the collapse and dissolution of the First Republic, as well as its Constitution and institutions. It does further acknowledge the legitimacy and legality of the Provisional Charter and the subsequent institutions derived within, as the emergency and necessary actions of the last few office holders within the First Republic. Those involved in the establishment and/or maintenance of the Provisional Charter are hereby exempted from prosecution for their actions immediately following the collapse of the First Republic.

  • Section II

    • This Article does seek to set out a number of Acts, enshrined in the Constitution itself, as the fundamental, legitimate and crucial building blocks of the Constitution and the Second Republic. It does so with full due recognition of the drastic action of such a declarative statement, but with the intent of preventing the issues which caused the collapse of the First Republic from ever arising again.

  • Section III

    • This Article is hereby exempted from any and all Articles and/or Clauses contained in this Constitution which sets out a process for the repeal, replacement and/or amending of Articles and/or Clauses in the Constitution.

  • Section IV

    • This Article hereby establishes a separate, distinct, and limited process, removed from the normal processes of amending, replacing or repealing Articles and/or Clauses mentioned in Clause 3 above, to allow for the amending of this Article. In order for this Article to be amended, the amendment must receive a 75% majority of the voting members of the Legislative Body of the Republic(by Constitution or law established), it must proceed to and receive assent from the head of the Executive Body of the Republic (by Constitution or law established), finally it must pass a public vote by a majority of no less than 51% of the voting nations in favor.

  • Section V

    • This Clause clarifies that Clause 4 above pertains to this Article, Article 7: the Regulations of Foundation only and also allows for certain, limited exemptions.

  • Section VI

    • This Clause seeks to clarify that exemptions to Clause 4 exist to allow for the amending of a certain number of Acts of Foundation listed below. These exemptions, however only exist where explicitly specified and this document may not be interpreted to allow for the amending of Acts which do not have an explicit exemption declared in the Clause which brings them into force.

  • Section VII

    • Though listed separately, with a link leading elsewhere, the Acts of Foundation listed below are considered inherent, legitimate and in whole part, a part of the Constitution. Except where specific exemptions are enumerated, these Acts may not be repealed, deleted or amended without going through the process listed in Clause 4 above.

  • Section VIII

    • This Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Republic, no law, act, motion, order of any branch nor implement of the State may usurp or supersede it, none of the same may contravene it and be allowed to exist, nor may any of the same seek to alter it without first going through Constitutionally-established requirements.

  • Section IX

    • In order to allow for the establishment of a competent judicial system, based upon civil law ideals, to prevent potential judicial overreach and/or abuse of criminal law, this Article does hereby create and demand the enforcement of:

      HEREBY

      Defines the following crimes and punishments thusly

      • -CRIME-

        Definition

        Punishment (Min to Max)

        INTIMIDATION

        A concerted and intentional effort by person to frighten someone in an effort to get their own way

        One-four week ban on running/voting in an election ( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        BULLYING

        A concerted, intentional and repeated effort by person to torment/terrorize/harass another individual with the intention of causing pain/hurt or embarrassment.

        Three to eight week ban on running/voting in an election and/or ejection and/or banning ( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        TAMPERING

        A concerted and intentional effort to alter evidence in a criminal or civil trial to pervert the course of justice.

        One to five week ban on running/voting in an election and/or ejection ( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE

        An illegally intentional releasing information made classified by the executive due to national security or an ongoing investigation or releasing information outside of the court that is protected due to the information pertaining to an ongoing trial by the court.

        Two to six week ban on running/voting in an election and/or ejection ( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE

        An illegal endeavor to influence and obstruct, or impede Judicial and investigative proceedings and the due administration of justice.

        Two to six week ban on running/voting in an election ( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        DESECRATION

        A concerted, illegal, intentional and/or maliciously negligent destruction of regional records, regional institutions and/or bodies.

        One to five week ban on running/voting in an election and/or ejection and/or banning( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        SECESSION

        Refusing to recognize the legitimacy and authority of the rightful, fair and duly elected government/the supremacy of the constitution (OOCly and not applicable to those who leave the region)

        Four week to permanent ban on running/voting in an election and/or ejection and/or banning ( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        NEGLIGENCE

        Causing harm to the region or regional entities by dereliction of duty.

        Three to eight week ban on running/voting in an election/ban on holding office. ( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        SUPPRESSION

        Illegally, repeatedly and unduly using officer power to suppress posts on discord/rmb

        ban on holding office for a 4 weeks (and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        SUPPRESSION OF RECRUITMENT

        Repeated, intentional and concerted effort to harm the Commonwealth by discouraging new recruits from joining.

        One to eight week ban on running/voting in an election/ban on holding office/ejection/banning( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        PUPPETRY

        Illegally maintaining, keeping or otherwise having more than two puppets in the region. Defines a puppet nation as a nation who was created by an already-existing member of The Democratic Republic. Forbids puppets from voting in any regional election or holding elected office in Regional Government. All nations must claim their puppets in the Regional Message Board.

        ban-ejection of all the puppets belonging to the convicted nation to a ban from serving in Regional Government for 3 months.( and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        FRAUD

        Falsely, unduly and with malintent misleading an official investigation carried out by the duly elected government of the Republic and/or her territories

        1-8 week ban on running and/or voting in an election and/or a ban on holding office for up to 9 weeks (and/or impeachment for an elected official)

        ELECTORAL FRAUD

        Illegally, falsely, unduly and with malintent misleading the citizenry of the Republic and/or her territories with regards to the true motive of one's pursuit of elected office and/or the illegal use of puppets to help win elected office

        1 week to permanent ban on running and/or voting in an election and/or a ban on holding office for up to 12 weeks (and/or impeachment for an elected official) and/or ejection

        CORRUPTION

        Dishonest, deceitful or fraudulent conduct by those in power, involving actions including but not limited to bribery, illegal dealings, extortion, blackmailing and/or threats. This does not apply to deals struck in open between the different branches of government which constitute the normal workings of a Republican Government.

        1 week to permanent ban on running and/or voting in an election and/or a ban on holding office for up to 16 weeks (and/or impeachment for an elected official), and/or ejection

        ELECTORAL CORRUPTION

        Dishonest, deceitful or fraudulent conduct by those running for election, involving actions including but not limited to bribery, illegal dealings, extortion, blackmailing and/or threats. This does not apply to deals struck in open between the different parties for votes, which constitute the normal workings of a Republican Election.

        1 week to permanent ban on running and/or voting in an election and/or a ban on holding office for up to 16 weeks (and/or impeachment for an elected official), and/or ejection

        COLLUSION

        The illegal attempt to co-operate with a designated regional enemy to harm the Republic

        six week ban on running/voting in an election and/or ejection on holding office( and/or impeachment for an elected official) to ban/ejection which can be considered as treason.

        TREASON

        Treason by a Nation in The Democratic Republic shall consist only in the illegal attempt to undermine and/or destroy and/or collaborate with a foreign enemy to weaken the duly elected government of The Democratic Republic. Treason is punishable of Ban/ejection from The Democratic Republic if convicted.

        Banjection

        CONSPIRACY

        The attempt, failed or otherwise, to commit a crime listed under the this Codex or the attempt to damage the integrity of The Democratic Republic.

        Two to eleven week (or permanent ban) ban on running/voting in an election and/or ban on holding office and/or ejection and/or banning and/or impeachment for an elected official. A ban/ejection may be pronounced at the highest level

      Requiring the Court to institute only these specific punishments for the crimes above listed. Further requiring that the Court may institute no punishment that does not at least meet the minimum punishment outlined above, and that the Court may institute no punishment that exceeds the maximum punishment outlined above, except under certain circumstances outlined below

      Clarifying that the Court may break the minimum/maximum punishments, with the exception of those convicted for Collusion, Conspiracy to Commit Collusion, Treason, Conspiracy to Commit Collusion, Secession and Conspiracy to Commit Secession, outlined above only when there exists mitigating factors which, in the interest of fairness, it may be practicable to reduce the punishment.

      Outlining mitigating factors as reasons to believe in the atonement of a convicted individual and/or reasons to point towards the usefulness of the nation in the region and/or reasons that point towards the help given by the convicted in criminal investigations and/or help given to the duly elected government of the Republic and/or territories. For example, a person convicted of treason may receive a reduced sentence if they aided in taking down a wider conspiracy to commit treason

      Empowering the Court to institute punishment by taking into account due regard for fairness, equality, mitigating factors and the severity of the crime listed

      Empowers the Court to grant a period of parole to a convicted individual, providing said individual is of value to the Republic and/or her territories and/or the individual has been of great value to the Republic and/or her territories and/or providing the individual has sufficiently atoned for their crimes.

      Enables the Court to conduct Trials in Absentia, for accused individuals who no longer reside in the region, with the same due process, as far as practicable.

      Institutes a Statute of Limitations of two months for all crimes with the exception of Treason, Conspiracy to Commit Treason, Secession and Conspiracy to Commit Secession. The Statute of Limitations shall prohibit the Court from carrying out proceedings against an accused individual for a crime committed two months ago or more.

      Institutes an outlaw of double jeopardy in the legal system. No court, prosecutor, or plaintiff shall try a perpetrator of a crime twice for the same instance of a crime unless appealing to the Supreme Court. If someone is tried twice for the same crime, the case shall be seen as invalid. If the court continually accepts double jeopardy cases, that shall be grounds for impeachment. This clause Excludes upholds the right of individuals to make an appeal to the Supreme Court after their trial court has come to a verdict.


    • The Criminal Code Act enjoys an exemption, as allowed for in Clause 5. The contents of the Codex may be revised with providing the Motion to Revise has received a majority of no less than 75% of the voting members of Senate, and providing said Motion receives assent from the Head of the Executive Body (by Constitution or law established). The Criminal Codex may be added to at will by the normal processes of the Legislative Body.

  • Section X

    • In order to guarantee basic fundamental rights to the Citizenry and to prevent abuse to the Citizenry by those in power this Clause does create and demand the enforcement of:

      • The right of all Citizens to have a twenty four hour, free, fair and democratic election held for them in the region shall not be infringed.

      • The right of a law abiding Citizen, by Court established, to run and/or vote in a twenty four hour, free, fair and democratic election shall not be infringed.

      • The right to speak freely and openly, with exception to public or private advocating, supporting or practicing of truly-held propensities such as paedophilia, violence, sexual violence and/or misconduct, shall not be infringed.

      • The right to a free, fair and public trial by an impartial Justice, with the exception to instances where concrete evidence exists that an individual poses a serious OOC threat to regional members (i.e. paedophilia) shall not be infringed

      • The right of the duly established Authorities (by Constitution or law established) to exercise their rights to regulate regional entities such as discord, the RMB and the WFE, for example shall not be infringed. Authorities may not prohibit speech (with the exception to the aforementioned exceptions), however they may assign regulations to the placement of said speech.

      • The right of the duly established Authorities (by Constitution or law established) of the Republic to uphold their legal personhood shall not be infringed.

      • The right of legal persons to engage in roleplay shall not be infringed.

    • This Clause does not inhibit, but rather encourages, the listing of rights declared in the URCA being listed elsewhere in this Constitution. No conflict nor contradiction between the rights listed in the URCA and the rights listed elsewhere in the Constitution does exist, where an apparent contradiction exists, a logical, well reasoned, ethical, safe and comprehensive interpretation must be made by the Judicial Branch to explain an apparent logical gap.

  • Section XI

    • In order to protect the fundamental integrity of this document as the Supreme Law of the Republic, and thus the fabric of the Republic itself, this Clause creates and demands the enforcement of:

      • No contradiction exists in this Constitution, where an apparent Constitutional contradiction exists, the Court must employ the use of judicial review to interpret a logical, cogent, coherent and responsible clarification.

      • The Judicial Branch shall have the authority of judicial review. Judicial review shall entitle the Judicial branch to instigate an examination, or re-examination, of any action taken by any branch of the Republic to prevent said actions from contravening the Consititution and/or laws established of the Republic. Judicial review may be used unprompted in the case of Orders of the Executive Branch or any action of the Legislative Branch. The Judicial Branch may not employ the use of judicial review to convict without a trial.

      • Constitutional amendments must be instigated on a non regular basis. Should a Constitutional Amendment alter a particular portion of the Constitution be enacted, no further Constitutional Amendment shall be allowed to be considered on the same Constitutional section for a period of at least sixty days.

      • It shall be prohibited by this Act for a Constitutional Amendment to be enacted which only alters the appearance of a portion of the Constitution, or its name, or any such other trivial facet (to be defined by the Judicial Branch).

  • Section XII

    • In order to ensure adequate citability, storability, ease of reference, general tidiness, accurate amending and a high quality of legislation and Constitution, this Clause hereby creates and duly demands the enforcement of:

      Article i. with regards to an introductory preamble

      • NOTING the lack of any correct Legislative procedures, and any stylizing norms within the region

      • FINDING that this can lead to serious issues in the correct storage of bills and the quality of legislation

      • AIMS to rectify said gray area post haste.

      Article ii. with regards to stylizing and formatting

      • HEREBY

        ->Requires that all bills must begin with the prefix "AoR: [title]", meaning "Act of the Republic:", further highlighting that the next bill passed after this will be given the prefix "AoR:"

        ->Outlining that all future constitutional amendments however must be stylized with the prefix "CA [title]", standing for "Constitutional Amendment [title]"

        ->Requiring that all bills use an oxford comma when appropriate to provide clarity as to the bill's meaning

        ->Requiring that all bills be formatted in a fashion either identical or similar to this

        ->Requiring that all bills be logged in a common puppet nation for future safekeeping.

        -> Prohibits the deletion and/or destruction of regional records.

        Article iii. with regards to procedure

        • HEREBY

          -> Establishes two channels within the regional discord for the Legislative branch, a debate channel and a vote channel.

          -> Clarifies that when a bill is proposed it must be entered into the debate channel, where it shall remain for an appropriate amount of time, to allow for correct debate and discussion of legislation.

          -> Mandates that the bill must then move to the vote channel, where a vote shall take place.

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