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by The Maritime Republic of Torom. . 119 reads.

Toroman Culture

Lona Meva li, Meva City

Torom is highly regarded in terms of architecture for its plentiful baroque buildings in towns and cities, influenced by the older native styles. Architecture in Torom with the Dibolan and later Avoman styles until the arrival of Baroque and Rococo styles, as well as more Italic culture, especially in the classical arts as a result of the San Montagnan crusade in the 1700s. Some ruins and still standing buildings in the native styles remain around the east coast and the western parts of the northern coast, however most buildings and ruins in the native styles have mostly been torn down or demolished under San Montagnan rule.

Toroman architecture has said to have begun with the Dibolan style of architecture. The oldest ruins in Torom, the remains of the Laray Temple near Tungtog date back to around 375 B.C.E. Arches would begin to be in use around the 1st century C.E. Since that period, arches and domes will have been in heavy use in buildings across Torom until the modern period.

Architecture in Torom would become more decorated with the arrival of European and other foreign styles of art, decoration, and materials. During the rule under San Montagna, a spree of church building began to break out in the country in what is called a golden age in Toroman architecture and established the style of architecture Torom is famous for today. Toroman arhitecture would be considered in a Late Baroque style following classical rules and proportions for the most part, yet following different forms and extravagant and heavy decoration.

Famous architects like Giorgio Varama and Dario Vevati designed multiple churches and palaces in Torom and have been hired by clergy and nobility alike.

Neoclassicism would soon come follow in the 19th century as classical idealism would become popular carrying until the 20th century with modern and postmodern architecture taking hold in the mid-20th century.

Ningo Uba ira, a duck and orange dish

Food in Torom has been heavily influenced by Magarati, Aruian and Italian cuisine. Toroman food is quite regionalized with multiple dishes having their own regional preparation and style and some known to be from a specific division in Torom. Although most famous Toroman foods like Bomipas Hemven, Bomipas Hipor, Wiritaw, Itir Savro and Tovasto can be found almost anywhere, each area has their own regional variation.

The northeastern coast is famous for its cheeses and wines and the entire division of Tashvo is fomous for being the home to Warre, a ham-like meat product, Hadoraga sausage and Taveco-Kasyo, the main ingredient for the flambéed stuffed cheese, Kasyomage from Tungtog. The Bay of Levme region is well known for its plentiful seafood dishes and soups and stews. The western coast is most well-known for its desserts, especially Itir Savro or Savro, a layered chocolate and cream gelatin. The Hemvene Islands have plentiful hearty dishes and pastas, the most iconic being Bomipas Hemven, a thick rice noodle dish made with beef.

Food in the country is also deeply influenced by a mix of native and Western influences with ingredients like oranges and chocolate becoming widespread in the country's cuisine. Although large Western influence has been present since the 18th century, Toroman cuisine has not adapted to European styles until the early 1900s.

Events and Festivities
A concert in the 2017 Revu Lavir

Festivals in Torom, locally known as Pingti, date back to pre-Avoman period in Torom. Celebrations generally orbit around a historical event or a patron saint. Some festivals also celebrate certain plants and animals or folktales and myths. Festivals vary between places and seasons with each division having its own unique festivals. The Festivals originally focused on the now-forgotten Dibolan mythology and its deities but changed over time with the arrival of different peoples and the introduction of Christianity into the country.

The most well-known festival in the country is the Grand Fair, otherwise known as the Revu Lavir. It takes place yearly on the last week of November and is a major draw for the country. The festival mainly takes place in Meva but the host is often changed every few years. The entire event lasts up to a week with large concerts, fairgrounds, and games in and out of the official event space.

Other major festivals include: Longi-Binad in Mastevo, Maisura in Deverum, Ninguruwu and Ongug-Pihara in Gusatter and the Tapohaka festival in Tungtog

Fashion and Sports
A fashion exhibit in Lituvo

A water polo competition in Mastevo

The fashion industry is one of the major manufacturing centers in the country. Although not as well-known for its fashion design and style, Torom has prided itself in the manufacturing of many luxury items and accessories. Some of the most famous Toroman fashion companies include corporations like Vutudem, Vavo, Avavem and Madi which produce varying kinds of accessories, clothings, jewelry, and handbags.

Cities such as Gusatter, Taviso, and Lituvo compete in international fashion against other large fashion industries such as in Bréevira in Xrevaro, Aruia and Cosie. Multiple fashion magazines, especially Bela Muge are famous around the country and are also published internationally.

Lituvo is considered as the fashion and design capital of Torom, hosting design events such as the Avia Tavom, one of the largest design fairs in Argus and other events such as the Amone Ati and the Avador Avavem(Avadem). Lituvo is also home to many Toroman fashion companies and is home to many designers and fashionistas, overtaking the old capital of fashion and design, Gusatter.

Although sports are not highly thought of in Torom, many in the country are fans and many notable players in Torom have come about. Many sports like rugby and football are limited in terms of practice space due to the little space for large open fields for sport. Other sports however, like volleyball and swimming have come to thrive in the region.

One of the larger sports in the country is water polo and swimming as well. Many races and competitions take place like in Mastevo which is home to the national water polo team and the largest swimming pool in the entire country.

Cycling is also popular in the country with multiple cycling races around the country. The largest one, the Na Dorum gia, is one of the largest cycling races in the Western Isles running from west to east, usually beginning in Tungtog and ending in Mastevo.

Volleyball as well is a large sport in the nation and is considered the unofficial national sport of the country. There are many amateur an professional players in the country and the national volleyball team is the most famous sporting team in the country.

Maravo glass

Beginning in the island of Maravo, off the coast of Gusatter, Toroman glass has become a source of pride for the country. Toroman glasswork is known to be highly intricate and colorful with the highest valued glass being from Maravo, however most glass sold is made by the Lenaderra company.

Every 31st of July, the country holds a glassworking competition in Gusatter with many different glass windows, dinnerware, and sculptures put on display. Winners get what is known as the Crystal Goblet Cup, a prized trophy among glassworkers and is a contested award between glassmaking families.

Authentic Toroman glass, more so Maravo glass, can mostly be found only around Gusatter and on Maravo itself and is usually quite expensive, being made through centuries old methods. The most expensive glass object ever sold in the country was a complete glass chandelier worth 5,800 TRM. Most Toroman glass outside of the Gusatter metro area is mostly made by the Lenaderra company, the largest glass producer in the country, making both large industrial glass and decorative glass pieces.

Although highly prized, demand for Toroman glass has been steadily decreasing, with the numbers of glassworkers slowly shrinking every year. Counterfeits as well, plague the market, with much of the glass sold being counterfeits even by Lenaderra at some points before 2005. In mid-2005, Maravo glassmakers, along with Lenaderra have come up with a certification and validation system for authentic Toroman and Maravo glass.


A depiction of Vavo Bavam, the most celebrated poet in Torom

Toroman literature began during the Dibolan city-state period and continued past the Warring Kingdoms Period. During the pre-Christian period of Torom, literary works were casual and lacked formality in their writing. Poems were not commonly written and any of those written were not populst, however stories and essays were popular during the pre-Christian period.

After the San Montagnan crusade, Toroman literature changed into the style it is more well-known for. Stories and essays were quickly being replaced by poetry and plays. Famous poets like Ina Kongong and Vavo Bavam created works like, “The Lamp Oil” and “The Merchant Ships”, while playwrights like Vavetur Lager wrote multiple plays including “Myriad” and “Splendor” which were mainly commissioned by the new San Montagnan upper class.

Writing at this time was heavily focused on wealth and success with tragedies being unpopular. Many comedies and comedic plays also have been written and commissioned at this time for the many displaced merchants and elites after the crusades, mostly starring the poor and lowly like “The Working Girl” and “The Cheating Concubine”.

Literature in Torom would soon change following the Toroman Revolution. Writing would become much more political and criticisms against the rich elite would become apparent. This would worsen after and during the Great Argus Wars when writing in the country cared little for manners and traditions but instead have become overly exaggerated and reactive. Many books and essays in this time period would be political and few were focused on epics and stories.

Much of writing in the country remains highly exaggerated and evocative with little room for works on daily lives or small personal stories. Fantasy and sci-fi as well has become a popular option among modern readers and writers.


Pietro Rager, one of the famous Toroman harpists

Music is a large part in the country's cultural arts. The country has prided itself on its musical culture being a mix of both native and foreign influences. Original Toroman works are often played in festivals and events and many conservatories, music schools, and opera houses exist around the country.

Folk and indigenous music is less popular than European-style music in Torom but has however been growing in popularity as awareness for Dibolan and Avoman culture has grown. Music is almost always accompanied by some form of dance and neither is almost ever done separately. Most pieces require multiple instruments and players, but however have one to four dancers for any accompanying dance performance.

Music quickly transitioned to Baroque and Romantic styles following the crusades. It's at this point when music schools and conservatories began being built around the country. Western instruments have also become popular choice to play, most especially the harp. The harp has become one of the most popular instruments in the country with many famous composers knowing how to play it and using the harp for their compositions. he harp is considered to be the national instrument of Torom.

Many famous composers and music players in Torom include people like Pietro Rager, who made the most harp compositions out of anyone in the country and his apprentice and partner, Marco Vevuami who made multiple opera pieces in his lifetime and is known for introducing the harp to Toroman opera.

Some music schools like Da Ova in Meva or the San Matalin Conservatory in Deverum are some of the most highly acclaimed in the region. There are also dozens of opera houses and theaters as well like the Gusatter State Opera and the Maba Angung Opera House in Tungtog.

Today, much of modern music played in Torom is by foreign artists, however there are multiple Toroman players like Serena Alo and Marie Amang who frequently perform in many music festivals and other celebrations around the country.

Visual Arts
The ceiling mural in Lona Mastevo li

The Ecstasy of San Matalin by Lorenzo Nave

Little remains of any native Dibolan or Avoman paintings, with any being damaged or weathered mosaics and wall paintings and carvings. Most of these are found in old temples and early Toroman churches. Most of what is considered Toroman painting began after the crusades with a large majority of early paintings commissioned by the Catholic Church, depicting religious images and events, and later, more paintings and arts would be commissioned by merchants and the nobility.

Early Toroman paintings and art were for the most part, religious in nature and were simplistic in style. Over time, forms would follow more classical proportions and follow the baroque art style. Paintings would become more extravagant, with characters going out of their created frame for dramatic effect while later Toroman art would be commissioned by more secular peoples including the rich and the nobility who would commission paintings of themselves or of the daily livings of people, often depicting images of servants or crowded streets and markets.

Neoclassicism would later dominate Toroman art but would retain parts of the original extravagance and be more dramatic and ornate than most other forms of neoclassicism.

Examples of famous Toroman painters are Caravaga Budem, Carlo Nanam, and Luis Te.

Sculpture in Torom has not been a popular art form in Torom for most of its history until the period under San Montagna. Sculpture would mainly showcase religious people and biblical events.

Sculpture in the country tend to be made for churches and cathedrals. The most prominent of which is Lorenzo Nave, who set up a canon on Toroman sculpture. Statues acted as theatrical presentation with sculptures in dramatic positions. Many of his works are seen in churches and museums around the country.

Neoclassical sculpture would come in the mid-19th to early-20th century, brought on by Federico Apisara as the Neoclassical style would become popular in the early-20th century.

Television and Cinema
The Tungtog Film Festival

The film industry would take root in Torom in the early-20th century with small companies like Tungtog Films and Madi Pictures. However, film would not become popular until the mid-1940s with topics focusing on daily lives and dramas. Comedies as well would be a popular genre later in the century with directors like Giovanni Vemeto, Rafeli Vasto, and Wagar Guro.

In the mid-to-late 20th century, book adaptations would become popular, especially with sci-fi. Directors including Francesco Valoti and Lagari Mavol. Modern films would mainly follow drama and thriller genres, with comedy as well being a popular film genre.

Television broadcasting in the country began in the 1950s for certain periods of time, until it became permanent in 1964. For the first few years, all broadcasting was government-sponsored, and privately owned television broadcasting companies would begin being shown on television, at first as movie replays.

There are three main national television organizations. They are all state-funded. In descending order of TV ratings, they are: Goha ni Gunga(GnG), Toroman Brodcasting Association(TBA), and Brodcasting System Network(BCS).

A Komedya Delarte featured in an anonymous painting from the 1700s

Theatre and drama in Torom originates back to the Pingti festivals through local plays and performances featuring local myths and stories. Dibolan stage performances and dramas would lose popularity in the Warring Kingdoms Period. Although plays would gain back popularity in the late Golden Age period, it would never take hold until the mid to late 1700s.

The San Montagnan crusade would later bring theatre and drama back in vogue. Operas and plays especially would become a favorite among the new elite. Some famous opera singers and actors at the time were Kinan 'Naa' Paangi, Langu Angawunga, and Hakogu "Langu" Kalo

Around this time, wandering plays or the Komedya Delarte would begin establishing themselves around Torom. Originally based off of the Italian Commedia dell'arte, multiple groups of these travelling performers would go across Torom and abroad, the most famous one being the Minaulo. These groups would last until the early 20th century, but still hold some performances today. The stage would be set up outdoors and the actos would have to work off rough prompts for certain scenes and plot lines. Actors would often wear masks in their performances, and act mainly as common people or stereotypes.

Large stages and theatres would begin construction sometime before the Toroman Revolution like Taba da Madi, and Taba da Ova, the largest public opera theatre in the country. Local works would be featured in some plays, but more often, Italian plays and revivals would be performed but translated into Avoman.

The Maritime Republic of Torom