Motto: Labour, Homeland and Unity
Travail, Patrie et Unite
Largest City: Roussay
Official Languages: Eglaecian (Similar to French)
Regional Languages: Gobrian, Kernon
Government: Federal Parliamentary
Government: Presidential Republic
- President: William Lafaille (CDC)
- Prime Minister: Vincent Carre (CDC)
- Deputy Minister: André Pierlot (NP)
- Speaker of Parliament: Denis Baume (CDC)
Legislature: Parliament of Eglaecia
- House: Chamber of the Republic
Establishment: 1847 from the Kingdom of Eglaecia
Land Area: 161,774 miles˛
Land Area: 418,992 km˛
GDP (nominal): $2.763 Trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: $51,669
Human Development Index (NS Version): 0.876
Time Zone: UTC+2
Drives on the: right
Calling code: +97
Internet TLD: .egl
The Federal Republic of Eglaecia, commonly called Eglaecia, is a federal parliamentary presidential republic in PLACEHOLDER. It is bordered on the north by PLACEHOLDER Sea, on the south by OTHER-NATION, by the east by OTHER-NATION and on the west by OTHER-NATION. Eglaecia covers 418,992 square kilometers and has an estimated population of 53.5 Million. Eglaecia comprises of six provinces and two autonomous communities; Gobre and Kernor.
For much of it's history, Eglaecia was a monarchy, first united in 1366 by the House of Remme, previously the ruling family of the Kingdom of Roussay. The House of Remme were in charge until 1744, when they were left without an heir, and the country fell into chaos. A band of nobles rallied behind Charles Clerisseau, who taken control of the country by force, eliminating all opposition. The Clerisseau dynasty ruled until 1847, when the Republicans seized control. Following the collapse of the monarchy, Eglaecia endured a succession of numerous governments - the first Republic (1847-1853), the first Military government (1853-1855), the Second Republic (1855-1861), the Free Society (1861-1872), the Third Republic (1872), the second Military government (1872-1893), all ruled between 1847 and 1893, before the stable fourth republic was introduced by moderate members of the ex-Military government.
Eglaecia has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the third-largest number of cultural World Heritage Sites and leads the world in tourism, receiving around 78.4 million foreign visitors annually. Eglaecia is a developed country with the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP. Eglaecia performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, and human development. Eglaecia is globally considered a great power in the world, being one of the five permanent members of the World Assembly Security Council with the power to veto and is an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member of PLACEHOLDER, and is also a member of PLACEHOLDERS.
It is believed that the name Eglaecia comes from the old Eglaecian word Eglae, which was used to describe the region Roussay was located in and it's surroundings. The name Eglaecia literally means Land of Eglae, so there is also a theory that the Eglae was a synonym for the Meneter people who lived along the Meneter Valley.
The standard way to refer to a citizen of Eglaecia is as an "Eglaecian."
Eglaecia has a long and storied history. The entire country was inhabited mainly by tribes and small kingdoms up until the middle ages. Main Eglaecia became partitioned into a few major states around 650 AD, with the Kingdom of Roussay solidifying itself along Grand Roussay, eastern Pires and northern Creste. The principalities of Fondain and Courgas also rose to prominence in the region. Most of modern day Monnetay and Saulzoir however was occupied by tribes, and as such they remained behind the main states. Cresten and Piresian tribes, known as Tarouen people, began banding together around 720 AD, and played a major role in the Eglaecian War.
The Eglaecian War broke out around 750 AD, and war a multi-decade conflict that resulted in Roussay rising to become a regional power, eclipsing all other Eglaecian states. The first conflict was between Fondain and her tribal allies, and Roussay. Roussayard farmers and Fondainian farmers had been arguing over land, and Fondain soldiers marched into Roussay and occupied several farms, kicking the natives off the land. When the King of Roussay, King Allaun II, heard of this, he used it as his casus belli, and rallied an army to take over Fondain. The war was a huge success, and by 756 AD, only the city of Calles and surrounding areas were remaining under control of the Prince of Fondain. Most of their tribal allies had been conquered too, and now the only real rival Roussay had was Courgas.
In the 760s, Courgas ended all trade with Roussay after they launched military operations against a nearby Tarouen tribe. Using this breakdown of relations, King Allaun invaded Courgas, kickstarting a huge conflict involving the entire region. Tribes began to band together, and a coalition of Courgas, the Tarouen, Fondain and various small duchies in Saulzoir, came together to cut Roussay down to size. This was a disaster, for the coalition. Roussay demolished the Courgasian and Tarouen armies in an initial conflict near Ture, and when the Siege of Ture began, the remainder of those armies were completely wiped out. With Courgasian forces now backing off to defend the city of Courgas, a small detachment marched on the city of Martoualus, now Martour. By 772 AD, Roussay had demolished the Courgasian and Tarouen forces, while Fondain and Saulzoir's combined armies failed to make it past the River Epacus, less than 10 miles into the Kingdom of Roussay. With Courgas and Tarouen fallen, Roussay set her sights to the west.
The Battle of Epacus took place in 774 AD, shortly after a series of Fondainian incursions failed and they had to retreat. An army of 16,000 Fondainians and 5,500 Saulzoirians made their last stand in Roussay, but an army of Roussayards and South Piresian mercenary cavalry, numbering maybe 34,000 at the most, crushed them. With this battle, Roussay conquered Calles and most of modern day Saulzoir. Roussay had, in the space of around two decades, become a dominant power on the Mediterranean, but despite the ability to expand, she remained silent for another six centuries or so, expanding slowly, but building herself up rapidly.
A long of period of peace and cultural, scientific and economic prosperity was unleashed on Eglaecia between 800 AD and 1250 AD, known as the Eglaecian Golden Age. Eglaecia became a powerful nation, with a strong navy and a strong army. With her navy guarding the seas, Eglaecia conducted trade across the Mediterranean, though tensions between Eglaecia and the Almohad Caliphate getting heated at the beginning of the 13th century. Shrewd diplomacy avoided war until 1263, but the Eglaecians were victorious and conquered the subdued Saulzoirian kingdom, unifying the Eglaecian people at last. Eglaecia was a small country, yet it was unconquerable by the Islamic kingdoms.
The Kingdom of Gobre and Kernor had long been a Mediterranean adversary to Eglaecia, with pirates originating from Gobre & Kernor causing a lot of problems for Eglaecian trade. When Gobrean pirates attacked a disguised Eglaecian naval ship, Eglaecia took it as an act of war, and launched a full scale invasion of the island. The Battle of Cote Giosso took place in September 1426, and the Eglaecian navy was able to take over the town of Cote Giosso, and use it as a launch point for further incursions. Through Cote Giosse, around 6,500 reinforcements landed in late October, making a combined army of 8,750 in Gobre. 8,000 made their way north towards Chateau Olcher, a fort-town around a day south of Auzances, while the other 750 solidified Cote Giosse or taken over neighbouring villages and towns such as Chena and Elpanc. Between early November and mid-December, Eglaecian forces successfully laid siege to the town of Chateau Olcher, with Gobrean forces retreating following the death of heir apparent, Prince Arsalig. Peace was declared in early January, with Eglaecia taking over the southern part of Gobre, and gaining control of the city of Goules in Kernor, now called Coulan.
Eglaecia is a very geographically diverse region. Gobre and Kernor are much greener than Main Eglaecia, as they are further north, but most of coastal Eglaecia remains rather green and is similar to Andalusia, Israel, Lebanon and Turkey. The land along the coast is flat and great for agriculture, and there are plenty of rivers and lakes that have boosted fishing. The inland however is very arid and some areas are part of the Sahara desert. The Saulzoir-Monnetay Mountain range is located right in the middle of the arid inland and the coast, and has some of the toughest hiking trails and climbs in the world. A lot of the countryside of Main Eglaecia is farmland, with scenery typical of the Levant and Southern Iberia.
The climate varies depending on where you are. In Gobre and Kernor, it is typical of the Mediterranean, with mild and wet winters, and hot and dry summers. While snow rarely exceeds 1000m on the two islands, Mount Torsiac in Gobre is snowcapped through out most of year. In Main Eglaecia, it is hot and dry for most of the year, with winters averaging at around 10°C, and summers at around 25°C.
Eglaecia has a population of around 53.4 Million, making it the X most populous nation in the world. Eglaecia is well known around the world for it's high birth rates, currently sitting at around 2.3, making it stand out among other developed countries. Eglaecia also maintains a high rural population, sitting at 34.5% of the national population, about 60% above the average rural population for developed western countries - 21%. This rural population is also declining slower than in other western countries, falling just 5% in the last two decades. This has been sparked by a resurgence in the agriculture and fishing industries, which account for a large portion of the country's economic output.
The Constitution formally recognises Eglaecians as the sole official language of the Federal Republic. In addition, the languages of Gobrian and Kernon are recognised as regional languages, and are the dual official languages alongside Eglaecian in Gobre and Kernor respectively. Eglaecian is not considered as one language. There are numerous local dialects recognised by the Local Culture Act (1991), however the "Grand Roussay dialect" has became known as Standardised Eglaecian, and is the variant of the language taught abroad and to immigrants looking to assimilate into Eglaecia.
Eglaecia is a multi-faith nation, but the vast majority of the population following a Christian denomination. Roman Catholicism is the largest denomination in the country, accounting for around 62.3% of the population, followed by Protestants at 17.5% and Orthodox Christians at 2.2%. Combined, Christians account for 82% of the population. Other large religions include Judaism (5.5%), Islam (2.6%) and Hinduism (1.1%). The irreligious (agnostic, atheist or not sure) account for around 6.6%, a number which grew significantly with Generation X, but has surprisingly began to fall with Millenials and Generation Z.
Eglaecia does not keep formal statistics on ethnicity, however third parties estimate that around 93% of the population are White Eglaecians, and 3.5% are other whites. Eglaecia has a small but vibrant ethnic minority community, mostly composed of Arabs, South Asians and Oriental Asians. During the 1970s, tens of thousands of immigrants came to Eglaecia every year, mostly settling in or around the cities of Calles and Roussay. Roussay is the most diverse city in the country, with only 86% of the population being native Eglaecians. Grand Roussay as a province is the most diverse as well, with 12% of the population being foreign born. Kernor is the most homogeneous province, this being attributed to it's highly rural population (48%). Only 2.5% of the population are foreign born, and just 4.5% were born outside of Kernor.
Being a developed country, a lot of Eglaecia's population is centered into large cities. In fact, 48.5% of the country live in the ten largest urban areas. Roussay, the capital, is the largest city in the country, with it's metropolitan area being home to around 9.3 million people, and the city proper housing a solid 3.7 million, meaning it would be the second largest city even without the metropolitan area. Along with Gravanches and Furnay, it makes up the Gulf Stretch, a small area of around <1% of the country, that accounts for over 20% of the population.
Metro area population
Ville de Monnetay
The Federal Government of Eglaecia is the national government of the Federal Republic of Eglaecia, a federal parliamentary presidential republic located on the Mediterranean Sea, composed of six provinces and two autonomous communities. The government is composed of three branches: executive, legislative and judicial, which all exercise powers granted to them by the Constitution and the Federal Government Act.
The executive is composed of the President, and in times of emergency the Vice-President, the Prime Minister, and the Deputy Minister can all join. The President has the power to issue Executive Orders, veto laws passed by the legislature, designate the party which will negotiate treaties with foreign nations, mobilise the military and confirm the cabinet. The legislative branch is composed of the Parliament (Chambre), and has the powers to pass laws and impeach the President, Vice-President, Prime Minister of Deputy Minister. The judicial branch is composed of the Federal Court, which has the power to veto laws passed by the legislature, and executive orders issued by the President. The Federal Court is only allowed to do this if the law or executive order in question violates an already existing law or the Constitution.
Elections & Voting
At the beginning of the Federal Republic, only men over 30 years could vote. However, that has changed radically over the years. In 1932, the Democracy Act was amended, and men over 25 were given the right to vote, and a referendum was scheduled for early 1933 to determine whether women over 30 would be allowed to vote. This referendum went in favour of the Yes side, by a small yet solid margin, and women were given the right to vote. In 1965, the Democracy Act was amended again, and the voting age for both men and women became 24. In 2006, the Worker's Party government reduced the voting age to 21. This was regarded as a political stunt to gain extra support, as they were low in polls and the youth were their biggest supporters.
Eglaecia uses a regional proportional list system for General Elections. 10% of the vote in one province should equal around 10% of the seats from that province. Currently, Grand Roussay has the most seats (62/270), and Monnetay has the least (20/270). The voting system has came under fire a lot, with many advocating the introduction of an AMS system, which would allow a stronger voter-constituent link, while maintaining proportionality. Provinces and Autonomous Communities can change their voting system for regional elections whenever they want. Currently, four provinces and the autonomous communities use a First-Past-The-Post (FPTP) electoral system, and two provinces use the Single-Transferable-Vote system. City councils can use either a Proportional List or STV for elections, as stated in the Elections Act.
Eglaecia has an active, internationalist foreign policy, and friendly diplomacy has always been something the Eglaecian government has promoted. The Eglaecian values of democracy, free enterprise, civil liberty and human rights have been promoted diplomatically for decades, with Eglaecia embargoing and making attempts to diplomatically isolate nations that reject these values. Eglaecia maintains friendly relations with PLACEHOLDER, with PLACEHOLDER being her most dependable and closest ally/allies. Eglaecia has had a historic rivalry with Savoy-Windsor, however their differences were resolved and the two countries maintain good relations today. The Eglaecian government promotes multilateralism, and Eglaecia is a member of numerous multilateral organisations, such as the World Assembly... WIP
The Eglaecian military is composed of the Eglaecian Armed Forces, the Republican Air Force, the Eglaecian Navy and the Eglaecian Special Forces. WIP
GDP (nominal) per capita: