General Assembly Resolutions
Since the rise of the World Assembly from the ashes of its predecessor, the Bureaucracy That Cannot Be Named, WA member nations have worked tirelessly to improve the standard of the world. That, or tried to force other nations to be more like them. But that's just semantics.
Below is every World Assembly resolution ever passed.
General Assembly Resolution # 314
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.
General Assembly Resolution #183 “Defense of Self and Others” (Category: Civil Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.
the World Assembly
Approving of the intentions of resolution #183 to allow for a persons right to self-defence,
Regretting that resolution #183 relies on the institution of the "judiciary" despite there being no international law requiring the independence of the judiciary, the proper functioning of the judiciary, or even the existence of the judiciary,
Observing that under the terms of the second operative clause a person cannot be prosecuted for using reasonable force yet under the terms of the third operative clause the decision as to whether reasonable force was used or not is reserved to the judiciary,
Believing that this presents a significant barrier to a member states prosecution services from initiating prosecutions where the use of reasonable force may be used as a defence in legal proceedings, as the prosecution services themselves are unable to make a determination as to what constitutes reasonable force,
Noting that this is a serious contradiction within resolution #183: an individual cannot be prosecuted for the use of reasonable force yet the determination of whether that individual used reasonable force is a decision reserved to the judiciary,
Regretting that resolution #183 contains a definition of reasonable force which is inexact due to the usage of the vague terminology: within a reasonable degree of the smallest amount of force,
Contending that the definition used is so unclear that many criminal acts of violence may not be prosecutable due to the lack of guidance to prosecutors, judges and others involved in potential legal proceedings as to what exactly constitutes reasonable force, and by extension, therefore, what constitutes excessive force,
Realising that prosecutors should retain the right to bring prosecutions against those they suspect may have used more than reasonable force and that suspects are entitled to whatever form of fair trial may be used in a member state,
Maintaining that resolution #183 unintentionally introduced an almost all pervasive immunity from prosecution to any person claiming they used reasonable force,
Further believing that the use of reasonable force to defend oneself or others should be no more than a valid defence in legal proceedings,
Repeals resolution #183, "Defense of Self and Others ".
General Assembly Resolution # 315
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.
AIMS to set definite preventative measures for safety in regards to nuclear power
UNDERSTANDS that a nuclear meltdown can have an international effect
HEREBY defines for the purposes of this resolution:
Nuclear power as the use of sustained nuclear reactions of fission to generate heat and do useful work
Radiological disaster as a loss of control of radiation or radiological material, hazarding the safety of the public and environment or exceeding of exposure limits due to ionizing radiation
Decay heat as thermal energy from the fission or decay of fission products or fuel of reactors
Nuclear safety as the ability to prevent a nuclear meltdown or excess decay heat generation resulting in harm to the environment or public or unintended release of fission products
LIMITS the resolution to facilities not mobile under their own power to protect facilities which may have other means of protection
REQUIRES nations operating nuclear reactors applicable to this resolution to maintain their own the nuclear safety organization (NSO), to protect national and international populations, with the power and duty to:
1. Mandate shutdown of reactors deemed to not meet reactor safety standards until deficiencies are corrected and the facility is certified safe by the NSO
2. Ensure that all reactors must have available:
Four provided methods of Decay Heat Removal (DHR) with two methods to implement each
One DHR method may be the same as normal power-operation heat-removal
In addition to 2aI, one method must be able to account for Design Worst Case Decay Heat Generation (DHG) and still prevent a radiological disaster, without an external power source
Methods described in (2) must be resistant to natural disasters and their magnitudes they are susceptible to, to be determined by the NSO based on historical and geological data
One remaining DHR method may be heat loss to ambient
If (2) cannot be met, the reactor plant must stop operations which promote DHG
Requirements of 2a need not be met if 2aII may be met by 2aIV
Two methods of ceasing DHG processes are available capable of compensating for maximum possible reactor power at operation
One method must not require an external power source to the facility
3. Inspect reactor plants at least once every two years to of evaluate nuclear-safety standards, procedures, systems, and materials and inform the facility of deficiencies
4. Advise courses of action and guidelines for nuclear safety to facilities
5. During investigations, test knowledge of operators of nuclear facilities to ensure they are properly trained
6. Establish exposure limits for the populace in regards to exposure to nuclear power to ensure they receive less than harmful levels of radiation exposure due to the facilities
ESTABLISHES the World Nuclear Regulatory Agency with the responsibility and power to:
1. Once every ten years certify individual nation's NSO to verify level of knowledge, attention to detail in inspections, and that the organization is maintaining standards
2. Mandate and advise the national NSO on how to correct deficiencies in order to maintain the organization operational
3. Collect information on and advise NSOs on best practices, observed in various nations to all member nations, provided the nation does not deem the information confidential
REQUIRES reactor plant agencies to abide by advisories and mandates of the NSO
MANDATES nations to establish procedures and arrangements to maintain safety and update them as deficiencies are discovered
General Assembly Resolution # 316
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.
General Assembly Resolution #158 “On Genetically Modified Foods” (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.
The World Assembly,
Deeply concerned that the definition of genetically modified foods used in Resolution #158 on the subject is technically flawed,
Sagely recognising that limiting definition of genetically modified foods to those involving the introduction of foreign DNA or synthetic genes does not take account of:
The transplantation of material from same or similar species (cisgenesis);
Genetic modification such as gene knockout without the introduction of new material, rather through the manipulation of the existing material;
The use of recombinant RNA instead of DNA as a vector;
Strongly believing that any legislation intended to require labelling of all genetically modified foods should employ due scientific rigour in its definitions,
Further considering the scope of the requirements to label any food crossing international borders to be excessive, given that it would necessitate the labelling of food waste not intended for consumption, food products posing no risk of transgenic contamination, and small quantities intended for personal consumption rather than resale;
Severely doubting that given these flaws these requirements are useful, justified, or in the best interests of member nations, and,
Remaining fully confident in the ongoing enforcement of Resolutions #64, which requires labelling of food products to meet safety and quality standards, and #249, which prohibits harmful genetic modification technologies:
Repeals World Assembly Resolution #158, On Genetically Modified Foods.
General Assembly Resolution # 317
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.
Category: Civil Rights
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples
Noting the necessity of military conflict and the violence and destruction that often follows;
Seeking to protect civilians who find themselves caught in a situation they arent responsible for, and;
Striving for a fair balance between strategic considerations and civilian lives;
The World Assembly establishes thusly:
Article I. Wartime Looting
1. Wartime looting shall be defined as the forceful seizure or theft of non-essential or humanitarian relief supplies by a military entity from civilian non-combatants within a theatre of combat operations during a time of armed conflict.
2. Wartime looting shall be determined by the nature of the goods being seized; seizure of essential supplies, such as food, water, or medical supplies not distributed as humanitarian aid, and material essential for immediate military operations, shall not be considered wartime looting, provided the owners are left sufficient supplies for their own needs.
3. Essential supplies seized from non-government entities by military forces shall be replaced or compensated for as soon as possible by the nation responsible for the seizure.
4. During conflict, member states shall specifically prohibit the seizure or damage of artistic or cultural treasures without explicit permission from the artefacts rightful governing authority, except for the purpose of temporarily securing them against damage or theft.
5. Member states are obliged to return secured artefacts to their rightful governing authority at the cessation of hostilities, and shall compensate owners for damages sustained in the interim.
6. Member states shall consider actions deliberately contrary to these provisions to be wartime looting, and therefore a war crime, and shall take all necessary steps to prevent it within their jurisdiction.
7. Member states shall consider command responsibility in the prosecution of wartime looting, and shall consider orders to the contrary of these provisions to be manifestly illegal. Member states shall ensure that subordinates can refuse such orders without fear of penalty.
Article II. Wartime Pillaging
1. Wartime pillage shall be defined as the intentional use of violence against civilians and their property by a military force, except where rendered, in the strictest sense, an absolute necessity by military strategy.
2. Member states military forces are obliged to prevent unnecessary or disproportionate use of violence against civilians. Military forces may respond in self-defence with equivalent force to open aggression against them by civilians.
3. Member states military forces are obliged to limit deliberate targeting of civilian property, except where such action is rendered an absolutely military necessity, and shall take all possible steps to protect civilian property from destruction in the territory they effectively control.
4. The use of violence against civilian persons or property for the purposes of coercion or reprisal shall never be considered a military necessity by member states.
5. Member states shall consider actions deliberately contrary to these provisions to be wartime pillaging, and therefore a war crime, and shall take all necessary steps to prevent it within their jurisdiction.
6. Member states shall consider command responsibility in the prosecution of wartime pillaging, and shall consider orders to the contrary of these provisions to be manifestly illegal. Member states shall ensure that subordinates can refuse such orders without fear of penalty.
General Assembly Resolution # 318
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.
General Assembly Resolution #119 “Nuclear Testing Safety” (Category: Global Disarmament; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.
The World Assembly,
Applauding the efforts of General Assembly Resolution #119 to protect the environment from harmful radioactive byproducts associated with nuclear testing,
Concerned clause #1 defines nuclear testing as " usage of a nuclear weapon for research purposes, that is not targeted to destroy or affect a civilian, military, or prisoner populace", thus allowing nations to circumvent this by testing nuclear weapons connected to an actual delivery system,
Confused that clause 2 states "BANS nuclear testing within the area between the edge of a populated celestial body's atmosphere and twice the distance of geosychronous orbit - measured at the equator of said celestial body", while failing to take into account the magnetosphere of a celestial body, which can trap highly dangerous high energy particles, creating dangerous radiation belts,
Disappointed in the lack of clear language and typos that make this resolution a travesty to international law,
Hoping the World Assembly passes clear and concise guidelines that actually prevent unaffiliated persons from being affected by nuclear testing in the future,
Hereby repeals "GENERAL ASSEMBLY RESOLUTION # 119 Nuclear Testing Safety".