General Assembly Resolutions
Since the rise of the World Assembly from the ashes of its predecessor, the Bureaucracy That Cannot Be Named, WA member nations have worked tirelessly to improve the standard of the world. That, or tried to force other nations to be more like them. But that's just semantics.
Below is every World Assembly resolution ever passed.
General Assembly Resolution # 517
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.
General Assembly Resolution #209 “World Assembly Trade Rights” (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.
The World Assembly finds as follows:
Extending trade preferences on a most-favoured nation basis to all member nations requires that any further preference to an allied member nation also be given to other unfriendly member nations. Governments have interests in stopping the transfer of technology or linking of their industry with such unfriendly nations, motives which are not accounted for in GA 209, which only permits exceptions for 'vital national security interests during serious international disputes or times of war'.
Section 1(c) of the target resolution allows for existing trade zones to exist. But it is unclear how such existing trade zones can possibly 'ultimately lower trade barriers between their members' without inherently contradicting the most-favoured nation provision in section 1(a), as any members of a trade zone would by virtue of their membership be more favoured than non-trade zone member nations, putting such members in violation of section 1(a) unless their trade zone membership privileges were extended to all World Assembly member nations.
Section 2 does not give member nations authority to institute retaliatory tariffs against dumping or other unfair trade practices, instead only giving member nations the ability to support domestic industry with subsidies. This has two impacts. First, subsidies cost member nations money, while tariffs (being taxes) are net positive on a nation's treasury. By only allowing subsidies, this penalises member nations with weaker financial situations. Second, the use of subsidies instead of tariffs causes a race towards higher subsidies, as subsidies increase production, further driving down commodity prices, necessitating even higher subsidies to ensure viability. This singular-minded view on subsidies therefore harms the poorest member nations and saddles the Assembly as a whole with chronic overproduction and government support of inefficient industries.
GA 440 'Administrative Compliance Act' uses trade sanctions as a core means of enforcement of World Assembly legislation. It is unclear how strong such sanctions can be when section 1(a) requires equal treatment of nations regardless of their compliance with World Assembly resolutions. Basic fairness requires that member nations which are not compliant with Assembly legislation, a duty of membership in the Assembly, should not be given the benefits of membership. Repeal, therefore, repairs a sense of basic fairness necessary for the Assembly to operate justly and impartially.
Further legislation should be passed, patching the flaws present in GA 209, to ensure sufficient incentives for membership in the World Assembly.
Now, therefore, the World Assembly repeals GA 209 'World Assembly Trade Rights'.
General Assembly Resolution # 518
A resolution to modify universal standards of healthcare.
Area of Effect: Research
Proposed by: Honeydewistania
The World Assembly,
Recognising that numerous vector species, such as mosquitos, ticks and fleas, are vectors for deadly diseases such as malaria, dengue fever, bubonic plague and many others, and most of these diseases are difficult to cure or do not have working vaccines;
Concerned that the diseases vectors spread can imperil the health of many;
Believing that reducing the populations of disease vectors is of utmost importance and in the interests of public health, hereby:
"vector" as a non-sapient macro-organism that can transmit harmful pathogens to a sapient organism;
"vector-spread pathogen" as a microorganism that can cause a disease, and is spread by vectors;
"vector-infested area" as an area wherein the population of vectors is likely to cause serious harm to sapient populations within that area via vector-spread pathogens;
Tasks member nations with effectively conducting and assembling research on vectors and vector-spread pathogens within their territory that is necessary to reducing the threats of said vectors and vector-spread pathogens to public health;
Member nations that have successfully eliminated or are close to eliminating the threats of vectors to public health are exempt from this mandate, but are encouraged to assist other member nations in their research;
Tasks the Epidemic and Pandemic Alert and Response Centre with, upon request, providing medical information relating to vector-spread pathogens to member nations;
Mandates that member nations publicly release any information in their possession that could potentially reduce vector populations or the spread of vector-spread pathogens for free, with necessary redactions to protect privacy or national security;
Requires that member nations create and promulgate effective and understandable guidelines for people and businesses in vector-infested areas to reduce the breeding of vectors or the spread of vector-spread pathogens;
Clarifies that only vectors or vector-spread pathogens that are the main cause(s) of designating an area as a vector-infested area are those that are to be targeted by this clause;
Urges member nations to further enact policies using the research obtained to reduce disease vectors;
Clarifies that this resolution does not discourage nor limit the usage of other legal and safe methods of reducing the threat of vectors.
General Assembly Resolution # 519
A resolution to improve world security by boosting police and military budgets.
Category: International Security
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples
Believing this Assemblys past efforts to reduce unnecessary hardship and harm in military engagements are integral to maintaining the Assemblys humanitarian mission;
Accepting that military occupation of civilian territory is often necessary to pacify the region following armed conflict;
Justly affirming that nations can balance effectively administering captured territory and the proper stewardship and protection of the inhabitants;
Outraged by military forces that treat occupied territory and peoples as an opportunity for plunder rather than hold the territory and its resources in trust for the territorys inhabitants; and
Rejecting military success and profiteering as the ultimate goals of an occupation;
The World Assembly establishes the following:
A military occupation is the effective and provisional control and administration of a territory by a military power not sovereign to the territory that it controls.
'Military efforts are those actions or goals, exclusive of administration or policing, taken by military forces to coordinate operational or strategic advantages in armed conflict.
Member state occupying forces may:
Create and enforce regulations to establish effective control over the occupied territory, provided they do not violate or frustrate extant World Assembly law;
Levy reasonable, non-punitive taxes to defray the non-military costs of territory administration, except that such taxes may not fund compensation for occupying forces;
Compel limited emergency civilian service, provided:
All compelled workers are over the occupied territorys age of majority;
Occupying forces limit service to those efforts necessary to restore or improve the quality of life for civilians in the occupied territory;
The service does not, in character or purpose, further military efforts; and
The service accords with extant World Assembly labor law and pays a fair wage for the services rendered.
Utilize natural and community resources to the benefit of the occupied territory, provided those resources:
Are not appropriated for domestic use by the occupying force; and
Do not further military efforts.
Recruit volunteers for military service from within the occupied territory; and
Employ captured public infrastructure, such as communication systems, roads, docks, or power grids, in occupied territories for military efforts.
Member state occupying forces must:
Immediately confer upon occupied civilian populations of nonmember states the same rights and protections of extant World Assembly law applicable to non-citizen inhabitants of the occupying nation;
Establish or restore an impartial adjudicative authority to resolve civil and criminal disputes within the occupied territory;
Establish or restore essential civilian infrastructure in a timely and effective manner;
Restore and enforce public order and safety while respecting the laws of the occupied land, to the extent that it does not frustrate World Assembly law.
Narrowly tailor any restriction of individual freedoms; and
Peacefully transition territorial authority to a sovereign government at the conclusion of hostilities or at such time as a durable and stable peace is forged.
The International Humanitarian Aid Coordination Committee will:
Liaise with both military and civilian authorities within an occupied territory;
Independently inspect occupying operations;
Provide guidance, technical expertise, and aid for occupied civilian populations; and
Report violations directly to the World Assembly Compliance Commission.
Member states must consider any serious or systematic breach of § 4, either intentionally, through gross negligence, or nonfeasance, a war crime and prosecute violators accordingly.
Member states need not treat isolated and de minimis violations as war crimes, provided they are reasonably redressed and do not continue.
General Assembly Resolution # 520
A resolution to increase the quality of the world's environment, at the expense of industry.
Industry Affected: All Businesses - Mild
Proposed by: Cretox State
The World Assembly,
Understanding the importance of landfills in providing a cost-effective method for the disposal of non-compostable and non-recyclable solid waste,
Concerned by the potential environmental and health hazards of solid waste landfills, and
Wishing to provide a regulatory framework for the safe operation of solid waste landfills to mitigate such hazards, hereby:
Defines for the purposes of this resolution:
a "solid waste landfill" (SWL) as a location that receives nonhazardous solid waste for the purposes of long-term or permanent storage; and
"leachate" as any liquid containing chemicals or particles originating from the solid waste stored in a SWL;
Prohibits the construction of SWLs in ecologically important areas or areas where their normal operations would cause significant danger to the wellbeing of nearby permanent residents;
Forbids the long-term storage of nonhazardous solid waste in a manner or a location where it can pose a significant threat to the surrounding environment or groundwater;
Requires that all SWLs:
include effective physical barriers designed to protect the surrounding environment and groundwater from waste contained in them and leachate originating from them;
include effective systems for the collection and removal of leachate for treatment and environmentally safe disposal; and
are operated in such a way that minimizes potential environmental and health hazards resulting from their operations, within reason;
Mandates that member nations:
ensure the regular testing of groundwater and other aquatic environments that could reasonably be affected by leachate in order to gauge the effectiveness of relevant existing SWL regulations and the need for further regulations; and
establish, if such does not already exist, a state agency or similar organization with the responsibility of inspecting and regulating SWLs in accordance with this resolution and reviewing complaints regarding the operation of particular SWLs;
Clarifies that regulations implemented pursuant to this resolution must remain in effect after a SWL stops receiving additional waste material until such a time when said regulations are no longer effective or necessary in providing for the environmentally safe maintenance of the SWL site; and
Encourages member nations to promote methods of waste reduction to reduce their reliance on solid waste landfills as a form of waste management.
General Assembly Resolution # 521
A resolution to repeal previously passed legislation.
General Assembly Resolution #509 “GMO International Trade Accord” (Category: Regulation; Area of Effect: Consumer Protection) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.
The World Assembly,
Acknowledging that regulation of trade of genetically modified organisms, which General Assembly Resolution #509 GMO International Trade Accord tried to address, is an important area of legislation most likely in need of attention from the World Assembly; but
Noting that unclear measures lead to unforeseen consequences which can do more harm than good;
Concerned by many issues, including:
The exclusion of genetic modifications obtained through hybridisation or selective breeding as a result of the limited definition of biotechnology, which pose comparable threats to the environment;
The resolutions failure to explicitly require member nations to enforce regulations created by the Committee for the Regulation of Modified Products, allowing for nations to easily dodge compliance of these provisions without penalty;
The vagueness of the term reasonable that is used so often in regard to safety measures throughout the resolution, especially in sections 3 and 4, as the use of this term allows an excessively ambiguous and free interpretation of what is the best effort possible in the matter of safety. The term reasonable is in fact inherently relative in its definition and this implies that nations can set up measures as they see fit to their contingent situation, without any kind of control, thus making it possible for them to hugely disregard security when profitable;
The lack of regulations of intellectual property, thus granting undisciplined privileges to corporations and private institutions, like the possibility to stop outside research or create monopolies, which undermines the resolution's call for improving research and the exchange of information between member nations; and
The presence, in section 4, of exemptions to unsterilized plants GMOs, since requirements like in cases where the environmental benefit [...] clearly outweigh any downsides of their use are loose enough to let member nations set their own policies without any way to ascertain the truthfulness of their reasons especially since there are no overseeing authorities; and
Concluding that such overlooked flaws completely undermine the effectiveness of the resolution as a whole; hereby
Repeals General Assembly Resolution #509 GMO International Trade Accord.
Co-authored by Honeydewistania