General Assembly Resolution # 358
A resolution to modify universal standards of healthcare.
Area of Effect: International Aid
Proposed by: Separatist Peoples
Noting that unexploded ordinance left over from war can pose a serious threat to civilian populations, and can detonate decades after they are deployed;
Concerned that, in resuming their daily lives, transient populations returning after a conflict can become casualties by accidentally disturbing these remnants of war;
Determined to reduce the risk to civilians by explosive remnants of war to a point where they can safely resume their lives;
The General Assembly establishes the following:
The humanitarian clearing, disposal, and quarantining of unexploded ordinance that poses a persistent danger to public health and safety shall be referred to collectively as demining.
The International Humanitarian Aid Coordination Committee shall establish the Explosive Remnants of War Action Subcommittee (ERWAS), which shall be tasked with the following duties:
Inspecting humanitarian demining operations to ensure such operations maintain a sufficient degree of safety, quality, and effectiveness in methods, as well as to guarantee public awareness, and safety during operations;
Rigorously testing detection and demining methods and statistically evaluating those methods, as well as make public those findings;
Liaising with and coordinating efforts between national and non-governmental humanitarian organizations to cooperate with local populations to identify and report areas requiring demining, establish unexploded ordinance awareness education outreach, facilitate demining operations, assembly and share technical intelligence, promote joint training, and ensure equipment availability.
Member states are required to report sites with significant risks to civilian populations as a result of explosive remnants of war, and must cooperate with ERWAS during humanitarian demining operations.
Member states are required to take steps towards demarcating and demining or quarantining aforementioned sites, and publicize the process in the interests of public health and safety.
Member states are required to ensure their humanitarian demining operations utilize methods that, collectively, ensure a clearance rate of 99.7% for a particular site, and ensure compliance with ERWAS inspection findings.