General Assembly Resolution # 113
A resolution to reduce barriers to free trade and commerce.
Realising that the trading of precious gemstones is vital to many member states' economies and,
Dismayed at the deceit employed to falsely trade fake and poor quality gems and precious stones and,
Noting that such trade can badly damage trade in real gems of quality and depress the market in natural stones.
Concerned that fraudulent trade in gems and precious stones may fund international criminal organisations and,
Convinced that standardisation of quality of gems and punishment of fraudulent trade in gemstones is a manifest good,
The WA hereby founds the International Gemological Agency (IGA) and International Gemological Laboratory (IGL).
Precious stone: any naturally occurring mineral valued for relative qualities of its appearance far beyond its intrinsic value
Gem: a cut or otherwise prepared Precious stone.
a) The IGA, funded by normal sources, will cooperate with the IGL to establish standards of gemstone quality for all gems traded within and between WA member states.
b) WA member states and the IGA must ensure that all traded gems are tested to meet these standards.
c) The IGA will accredit laboratories within member states to test and assess the quality of gems and precious stones in order to licence guaranteed trade in real gems, thereby assuring consumers of the standard of quality of their purchases, ending trade in fraudulent and misrepresented gems.
d) The IGA, in cooperation with producers, traders and governments, shall discuss issues and arbitrate disputes regarding the international trade in Gems and Precious stones.
e) The IGA shall assist member states, when needed, to ensure that only WA standard quality gems are marketed as such and that all synthetic or substandard gems are clearly understood to be such at the point of sale.
f) IGA accredited laboratories, with IGL assistance, will certify whether or not coloured gems have undergone any treatments; gems passing this test shall be certified as natural.
g) The IGL shall assist producers of artificial or synthetic gemstones to differentiate their products from naturally occurring gems to avoid such stones being mistaken for natural gems; trade in synthetic or artificial gems shall remain licit so long as they are not fraudulently sold as natural gems.
h) Trade in gems not certified by IGA accredited laboratories is hereby outlawed; those found to have illicitly traded non-certified gems shall be punished with fines, penalties, or forfeits proportionate to the magnitude of their crime.
i) Member states are strongly urged to thoroughly investigate and vigorously prosecute cases of large scale fraudulent precious stone and gem trading; where sufficient expertise in the field of fraudulent gem trading is lacking, the IGA shall assist in providing experts with relevant experience and qualifications.
j) The provisions of this statute apply to all gems and precious stones sold within WA member states. IGA accredited laboratories will make every effort to protect the integrity of pieces in which gems are set when testing gems in situ, expert craftspersons will be employed to remove and replace gems when necessary. Repair work attendant upon any damage caused by the testing process must be fully detailed to the owners of the pieces in question.