General Assembly Resolution # 112
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.
Category: Civil Rights
Proposed by: Glen-Rhodes
Understanding the signficiant moral and ethical challenges of capital punishment,
Acknowledging that the extremes of both ends of the debate cannot be fairly applied across the entire World Assembly,
Wishing to uphold the sovereignty of this facet of national penal law, but to also prevent unconscionable use of capital punishment,
The World Assembly hereby
1. Defines for the purpose of this resolution:
a. Execution as the lawfully sponsored and orchestrated death of an individual as their punishment for committing a crime;
b. Summary execution as the execution of an individual without a trial as stipulated by this resolution;
c. Extrajudicial execution as the act of extraditing an individual to or otherwise placing an individual into the custody of a non-member nation, with the intent of allowing that nation to execute that individual outside of the regulations of this resolution;
2. Grants the right of member nations to allow the use of execution in accordance with the regulations of this act, with deference to active regulations in previously passed resolutions;
3. Establishes exceptions to article 2 for the following persons:
a. Those who are pregnant,
b. Those who lack the mental capacity needed to understand the wrongfulness of their crime, or to conform their behavior to the law,
c. Children and those with equivalent mental capacity;
4. Requires that a trial in which execution is a possible punishment be separated into two parts, wherein the first part determines guilt or innocence and the second part decides the applicability and merits of an execution;
5. Prohibits the use of summary execution and extrajudicial execution, and requires that a fair and equitable route of seeking monetary compensation and justice for the family of victims of such executions be devised by each member nation;
6. Encourages any nation that has legalized execution to restrict its use to the most extreme cases and to provide a route for seeking commutation or pardon;
7. Declares that this resolution shall not be construed to deny additional regulations on execution, where seen necessary and proper by the World Assembly to prevent miscarriages of justice.
Co-authored by Unibot.