by Max Barry

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The United Federation of
Inoffensive Centrist Democracy

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Zitravgrad's Economy, Imports/Exports and Major Industries


Photo @ St. Petersburgby me

The United Federation of Zitravgrad
Russian: Объединенная федерация Зитравград
Ukrainian: Об'єднана Федерація Зітравград




Flag of the United Federation of Zitravgrad



Currency Zitravian Hryvnias ( ZH$ )
Exchange Rate 1 GC$ = ZH$1.46419 (Globcoin -- cryptocurrency used as a central currency in Gaia)


EFFICIENCY
GDP Z$ 804,800,395,074.46
GDP/Capita ZH$ 14,642.91
Unemployment 7,860,135 ( 7.32% )
Consumption ZH$ 435,822,594,478.30
Budget ZH$ ZH$ 375,402,496,716.88
Expenditures ZH$ 352,878,346,913.86
Inflation 1.79%
Waste ZH$ 22,524,149,803.01


TRADE
Imports ZH$ 76,572,906,931.28
Exports ZH$ 92,672,360,613.58
Trade Surplus ZH$ 16,099,453,682.30


COMMODITIES
Gold ZH$ 1,348.74 / 1oz bar
Silver ZH$ 16.04 / 1oz bar
Platinum ZH$ 843.38 / 1oz bar
Palladium ZH$ 1,456.97 / 1oz bar

Main Import / Export


Export: metal, oil, natural gas, diamond, fish, machine parts, pharmaceutical products, medical/scientific equipment

Import: processed food, meat, agricultural products, automobile, rubber, plastic

Economic Ideology


For your information, Zitravgradians pay 30-40% income tax, with the rate fitting to the level of their income. The richest citizens earn 5 times higher than the poorest. (ZH$157,160/ZH$ 31,432 per year)

The national economic system actually can be interpreted as a form of mixed-market economy but with its state-owned enterprises being run with state capitalist system. Zitravgrad is a middle-income nation rich in minerals: iron, copper, uranium, natural gas, and oil, with the smaller diamond mining industry. However, other resources are rather scarce due to the harsh weather and sometimes the sheer necessities like food and textiles are imported, hence taking up much of the nation's income. Zitravgrad's largest trade partner is, ironically, the Kozavian Empire, due to a peace treaty that dictates a favorable trade deal for both nations. Imports are a common sight, almost as common as state products themselves, and foreign franchises can operate under strict laws and regulations (which the domestic businesses also share). Still, there isn't much to say about product advertisement in the country. Half of the time, shows in Zitravgrad cut into recycling advertisements, among other important messages (and propaganda) from the government. The state shows four times more trivial news than advertisements according to a study in Economic School of University of Providenska in 2014.

Only the assets used by the public collectively are state-owned, ranging from utilities, infrastructure, energy industry, some parts of education system and healthcare premises. As many as 93% of Zitravgradian working-age population is employed. However, the number of the population has decreased dramatically once in 2008, leaving the nation slightly short of laborers, both skilled and unskilled and leading to massive industrialization and automation. As most people with a job are technically employed by the government, taxes will be deducted automatically from the salary. The current rate is at 30-40%, varying but income, but there are promises of less strict measure in the near future. Despite all the misconceptions about Zitravgradian left-wing economy, citizens are rather familiar with foreign products, franchises, and luxury brands.

Currency


Zitravian Hryvnia is the currency of the United Federation of Zitravgrad, officially founded in 2009 along with the Central Bank of Zitravgrad. Before Imperial Zitravia seceded from Kozavian Empire, their currency was the same as the Empire, which was Imperial Ruble. But as the Zitravian states became more and more neglected by the Empire and the Imperial rubles appeared to drop in values, the wealthy citizens and the revolutionary "warlords" put their money into gold, palladium, and currencies of more stable nations through offshore bank accounts.Most recently 1 ZH$ = GC$ 1.46419

Agriculture Industry


Despite the booming mining industry, Zitragradian agriculture does not satisfy the country's need and can only feed 75% of the population, leading to importation of food products. 50% of crops planted in Zitravgrad are in underground communities in which sunlight is synthesized from the so-called 'solar lamps'. The nearly identical attic farming contributes to the other 7% of crops. Some small households depend solely on attic and basement farming. The question of animal farms is answered in a similar manner -- underground farming is replacing traditional farming. However, families in the countryside keep a few cattle or chickens if they have enough land. Privately-owned farms are legal, but becoming increasingly rare because most of the privately-owned farms actually belonged to noble estates, most of which were bought or seized by the state. The timber industry is also quite strong, albeit soon to be slowed down for environmental concerns.

In a rather complicated fashion, the crops on Zitravgradian soil are sowed earlier and harvested later due to the unnaturally cold climate, with a small percentage of the crops left unharvested due to the stunt in growth. This leads to the long-term project to genetically-modify every kind of cattle, poultry, fish, grain, fruit, and vegetable cultivated in the industry, in hope that they might survive the cold and the radiation. Although looking 'good', Zitravgradian crops do not sell well abroad due to health and dietary concerns. All the GMO food are labeled by the state-run manufacturers, as required by the international standard.

Fishing Industry


Zitravgrad has two ways out to the sea, the western coast to the Baldreatic Sea and the northern coast to the Arctica Sea. While both are known for freezing in winter, the fishermen can make use of Zitravgrad's exclusive economic zones for fishing. This industry has been feeding Zitravgrad well and good for centuries. Zitravgradian cuisine is known for the use of herring, trout, salmon, tuna, and caviar from sturgeon and beluga.

Jokingly, it can be said that Zitravgradian fishing boats are taken care of by the Navy. It is true to an extent and all fishing boats are lightly-to-moderately armed for the purpose of repelling pirates (as if there is any, at all).

Tourist Industry


Please see the Tourist Guide [WIP] for the experience we can offer. Still, if there is something that Zitravgradians do not boast about, it is tourism. They can't remember the last time someone voluntarily visits a "cold, barren wasteland". Although a center of Eastern Slavic culture, the political atmosphere and the geographical misshapen have ruined the country's place in the tourists' eyes.

However, there is a special kind of tourists -- the thrillseekers. They come specifically to the wasteland zones to explore and experience the infamous "shattered time capsule". This is better felt than explained.

Mining Industry


This chart here shows the percentage of Zitravgrad mining industries, which make up 65% of national GDP. Mining is regarded as the national backbone and, as a result, the mining regions are regarded as very important and some of them become major cities. The largest mining zone is Zone 2-5 (Headquarter of Mining Association), which means it has its own underground storage. Unfortunately, about 12.25% of all minerals mined is deemed contaminated by radiation and needs to be cleaned up, which spikes the total cost needed to obtain the minerals themselves. The mining industry is arguably the largest industry in Zitravgrad. Its sub-categories include iron, copper, uranium, natural gas, and oil, with the smaller diamond mining industry.

Talking about the diamond industry, Zitravgrad is lowkey famous for jewelers, thanks to the pompous pre-war Zitravian culture. Zitravgradian diamond is not top-quality, but qualifies as "fashionable".

Arms Industry


Unfortunately, Zitravgrad produces weapons, military vehicles, and equipment strictly for its own use and barely export or import unless with close allies. Thanks to a strong manufacturing industry along with natural resources, the nation can produce most of its armament without relying on foreign support. For the arms produced in Zitravgrad, see the Armed Forces for further information.

Transportation Industry


As of every business in Zitravgrad which has public access, transportation is also state-run. 89% of the roads in the country are paved which means the other 11% might simply disappear in case of heavy snow. The most popular private vehicles used by the citizen are cars and motorcycles, with the rising popularity towards bicycles in smaller, less traffic-congested cities. In more rural zones, the means of transportation are more adapted to the snowy terrain, such as snowmobiles and sledges (pulled by huskies and snowmobiles). Meanwhile, public transports are also available (and indeed state-run).

In large city: Zitravgrad Metro, Taxi and Metropoliska Bus
In small city: Taxis are available, but fewer because people prefer private vehicles
Between cities: National Trans-Zitravgrad trains are high-speed, but often cancel in case of snowstorms. Cruise ships are available except when the rivers are frozen over. Icebreakers are also used but only to transport goods.
International: Zitravgrad Airline proves to be a moderate success and chooses its crews from the Air Force., while the nuclear-powered icebreakers are the main transportation between Zitravgrad and other nations sharing Baldreatic Sea.

Meanwhile, the state-run automobile industry has a fair share of the market. It produces moderately-priced hybrid cars and electric cars known for endurance more than aesthetics like the popular, mass-produced sedan "Luvaska". However, foreign cars still find their way into Zitravgradian market.

Science and Technology


Zitravgrad's scientific communities see several talents who create the technologies that save the country from its several obstacles (and of course, make them cheaper). Scientists of Zitravgrad form a new caste of the seemingly casteless society, as well as new collective culture and custom only practiced within their circle. They industrialize science and work towards implementing their doctrines and principles for the state and the society -- seeing themselves as a beacon of the new era. Below are examples of what Zitravgrad is known for:

- Antimatter weaponry/energy: It is believed that Zitravgrad's key to the world is its ability to harness antimatter for military and energy uses in an impressive amount. Zitravgradian scientists are by no mean the first people who have done it, but they have made use of antimatter far more than any nation on Earth... for now. It takes a lot of funding and other nations are probing the secrets.
- Artificial sunlight: The solar lamp has a special patented lightbulb that uses 30% more power than ordinary lamp. It can synthesize the sunlight and proves to be crucial for the agricultural industry which is soon moved indoors for more concentrated production.
- Genetic-altering fertilizer: Though deemed unsavory by other nations, this fertilizer is confirmed 'safe' and 'has no effect on the environment'. (Ironically, it is used in underground farms surrounded by walls.) Plants grow faster and have more endurance. This effect seems to pass onto the consumers who report faster growth in children and teenagers. It is banned in some countries with stricter standard on health food.
- Activity censor: Used on CCTVs which are installed throughout the country. The censor detects abrupt activities like speeding and running for the police who can consider if there is something unsavory happening. More advanced versions detect weapons and explosives (which cause the alarms to scream like mad during military parades). There are always security staffs watching the recording at every police station. This means the police are quick to suppress protests, uprising, robbery, etc. But in distant, less-developed cities, they have to defrost a person randomly falling down on the street once in a while. If things don't look paranoid enough, there are bomb detectors under every public trashcan...
- Snow distillers: Clean snow in Zitravgrad is 'harvested' to distill water out of it. That sounds silly in other countries, but in Zitravgrad, snow is always around. Many stations can distill up to 500kg of snow per day to produce water supply for the cities. It is operated only in winter. In other seasons, these stations are used to purify used water.
- Factory/Mine machinery: Zitravgrad's visible lack of laborers leads it to automize many of its industries, especially manufacturing and mining. Just imagine assembly lines with robot arms run with AIs.
- Wind farming: Obviously not invented in Zitravgrad, but wind farming in Zitravgrad is highly efficient due to special windmills that will not break during vicious snowstorms. The introduction of wind farming greatly reduces the nation's reliance on oil-powered and nuclear-powered electricity. Solar power, however, is out of the question.
- Computer parts: Not 100% made in Zitravgrad but some parts are produced here and the products are assembled here.
- Scientific/Medical equipment: From a random beaker to a scalpel to CAT Scan, the industry for this is stable enough.

Health and Pharmaceutical Industries


"It is certainly unavoidable that Zitravgradian economy, industries and businesses are dominated by the state. But this doesn't prevent us from developing quality medicine and equipment for the purposes of domestic use and international sale, not to mention donations to the less fortunate nations. Socialism for us does not mean lack of progress, but rather the progress of the collective. Hence, we deem it our duty to promote health and well-being not only in our own nation but also the world, through the co-operation between states and governments."

"If anything helps Zitravgrad back on its feet after the Independence War, they are mining and health industries, and we are proud to announce that our health and pharmaceutical industries have been verified by GHCO (Global Healthcare Organization) as one of the best in our world. We promise never to stop the progress, for good health and excellent well-being." - Elena Marie Stanislawska, Minister of Health

Products Available for Foreign Trades
These are the lists of pharmaceutical products that are mass-produced not only for domestic use or import, but also for the operations by Blue Cross International. Feel free to contact our government through our Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the negotiation concerning or pharmaceutical industry.

As vaccination is mandatory in Zitravgrad, most of our population remain immune to major diseases that have vaccinations.
The following are available in large number.
- Hepatitis A vaccine
- Hepatitis B vaccine
- Hepatitis C vaccine
- Hepatitis E vaccine
- Influenza vaccine
- Polio vaccine
- Smallpox vaccine
- Yellow fever vaccine
The following are classified as 'Complex': Please consult our Ministry's manual before using.
- Respiratory syncytial virus
- Malaria vaccine
- Hookworm vaccine
- Alzheimer's disease amyloid protein vaccine
- Breast cancer vaccine
- Ovarian cancer vaccine
- Prostate cancer vaccine
- HIV vaccine

- Amantadine -- used for influenza
- Atazanavir -- used to treat and prevent HIV/AIDS
- Interferon type I -- large subgroup of interferon proteins that help regulate the activity of the immune system
- Interferon type II
- Pegylated interferon alfa-2a -- used to treat hepatitis C and hepatitis B.
- Ribavirin -- used together with Pegylated interferon alfa-2a to treat hepatitis C

Anesthetics
- Chloroform
- Halothane
- Methoxyflurane
Bronchodilators
- Ipratropium -- used to treat the symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma
- Isoproterenol -- used for the treatment of bradycardia (slow heart rate) and heart block
- Metaproterenol -- used in the treatment of asthma
- Salmeterol -- prevents chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) symptoms
Antihypertensives
Amyl nitrite -- expands blood vessels, resulting in lowering of the blood pressure, used with utmost caution
Nitric oxide -- treats primary pulmonary hypertension in neonatal patients
Anti-inflammatories
- Budesonide -- used in the long-term management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Cromolyn -- prevents the release of inflammatory chemicals such as histamine from mast cells
- Flunisolide -- prescribed as treatment for allergic rhinitis
Antimicrobials
- Tobramycin -- used to treat various types of bacterial infections, particularly Gram-negative infections
- Zanamivir -- used to treat and prevent influenza caused by influenza A and B viruses

Our nation runs on this kind of help. Without them, we might not get up and back on our feet at all.
Antidepressant
- Escitalopram -- used with major depressive disorder (MDD) or generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
- Levomilnacipran -- used with major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults
- Vortioxetine -- prescribed to treat depression
Antipsychotic
- Fluphenazine -- used in the treatment of chronic psychoses such as schizophrenia
- Haloperidol -- used in the treatment of schizophrenia, tics in Tourette syndrome, mania in bipolar disorder, nausea and vomiting, delirium, agitation, acute psychosis, and hallucinations in alcohol withdrawal

- Cybernetics Replacement -- we can replace lost arms, legs or even internal organs and neural system with a cybernetic replacement, which can be controlled by the bio-microchips which will be installed within your neural systems.
- Stem Cell Replacement -- A natural alternative from cybernetics, stem cell replacement organs are lab-grown and causes next to no allergic reactions.
- Antimatter-based Cancer Treatment -- When hadron beams hit the cancer cells, antimatter particles called positrons (antiparticles of electrons), are produced. Scientists use these antiparticles as an indication or signal that the beams only destroy the tumors.
- Anti-Aging Therapy -- a newfound serum, tested and tried, will vitalize and restore your body cells and leave you years younger than you areml.
- Fertility Treatment -- Whether caused by genes or other causes, our fertility treatment guarantees 85% overall efficiency. However, this service is female-only for the time being.

Recycling Industry


Years before the Revolution, supplies were inadequate. Not only food, but pretty much everything. Even working equipment were at times rare and one could only rely on the new supplies from the Empire. Sometimes, the measures were desperate. The workers repaired their equipment until they couldn't be repaired and sometimes made new mining tools like shovels, picks and hammers were made from discarded tin boxes. Clothes were sewn until they literally became rags. Cars that were beyond recovery were divided in parts and all materials always found new uses. Trashes were searched through for every bit of metal, plastic and glass. That was how difficult things were before the conspiracy took place and the citizen of Zitravgrad began to smuggle the minerals for their own use.

After the Revolution, the same measures lived on, but transformed from unwritten social norms into official measures by the new government.

According to the National Recycling Measures, the following materials are to be separated for recycling:
1) Aluminium/Steel tins, cans or boxes, and even foils
2) All forms of papers - cardboards, magazines, newspaper, office papers, dairy/juice cartons, etc.
3) Glasses - divided by colors
4) Ceramics and Porcelains
5) All forms of plastic containers
6) All forms of battery and lightbulbs
7) Electronics
Please make sure that items in 1) to 5) are clean before sending them to recycling centers. Citizens will be paid for every recyclable materials sent to the recycling centers at the rate stated by the government. However, if such materials are found in the generic trash, the household will be fined at the same rate.

According to the Second National Recycling Measures, citizens are advised the following:
1) Gas and firewood Conservation - Turn in old gas stoves and wood-fired ovens to buy electric counterparts with discount
2) Organic Waste Measure - organic waste, such as leftover, can be used as fertilizer
3) Textile Measure - Send old clothes to state-run to orphanages and homeless shelters

According to Legislation of the Modernization and Material Use Limitation, the government will proceed to do the following:
1) Replace paper posters with digital billboards and banners to save materials
2) State-run businesses will offer online receipts by the customer's choice
3) Recycling centers and snow distillers to use pure electricity instead of nuclear power
4) Fallout cleaning machinery will continue to run on petrol, but guaranteed to create less air pollution
5) Icebreakers to use 20% less nuclear power after several tests confirm that there is no different in speed

Department of Recycling also proposes the following measures:
1) The reduction of plastic straws -- to be replaced by metal straws in every state-run restaurant and cafe
2) The production is required to use recyclable or biodegradable materials
3) In state-run restaurants, cafes and cafeterias, reusable plastic boxes are used for takeout.
4) Milk and beverages are sold either in recyclable plastic bottles or glass bottles.
5) State-run markers, shops, grocery stores, supermarkets and hypermarkets will not offer plastic bags, but instead a cloth bag at the price of 12-20 WKTs.
6) Other food products and preserves are sold in glass jar and tin cans which can be sold back to recycling centers.

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