People's Republic of Zhouran
(Zhōurán Rénmín Gònghéguó)
Since the start of the "Zhouranese Economic Miracle" on January 3, 1979, the economic system of the People's Republic of Zhouran switched from Self-Management Economy to People's-Oriented Market Economy*, which itself uses the Laixinjue School of Economics.
The Laixinjue School of Economics, also referred to as Laixinjue Economics, is a school of economic thought created in early 1938 at Laixinjue University in Ouyang. Influenced by Zhouranese Socialism* (which is a Zhouranese characteristic of socialism created in early 1922), the Laixinjue view is that aggregate demand (total spending in the economy) does not necessarily equal the productive capacity of the economy and that the government should provide significant services in the area of social security, unemployment benefits and recognition of labor rights through national collective bargaining arrangements.
The Laixinjue School advocates support for combining free markets with a social safety net while retaining public ownership of key sectors; support for a comprehensive merit-based welfare state aimed specifically at enhancing individual autonomy while promoting social mobility and meritocracy; reducing conflict between labor and the interests of capital using a corporatist system involving a tripartite arrangement where employer federations and labor representatives from collective productive unions and cooperative management groups bargain at the national level mediated by the government; strong emphasis on maximizing labor force participation, promoting meritocracy and social cohesion, the large magnitude of income redistribution, and liberal use of expansionary fiscal policy; values of creativity, discipline, concern for the greater good, productivity and self-sacrifice; support for using innovative industrial relations and closer relationships between the financial and industrial sectors to cultivate economic prosperity; and a commitment to widespread private ownership, free markets and free trade.
Because of the current economic system and school of economic thought being used in the nation's economy, the People's Republic of Zhouran is commonly known by foreigners as a Right-Wing Welfare State with many right-leaning nationalists, fascists and national-socialists (nazis) calling Zhouran the ideal model third-positionist utopia due to its radical left-wing economics and reactionary right-wing ethno-culturalist society. Not only that, right-wing nationalists, fascists and national-socialists admire the third-position economic ideas from Zhouran due to similarities with the economic policies of national-socialism, Italian fascism, strasserism and falangism, however those who support the free-market tend to dislike Zhouranese economic ideas due to their collectivist nature (Zhouranese society is collectivist in comparison to individualistic western societies) and socialistic pinko-behavior (ironically every Zhouranese economic thinkers have always been strongly anti-marxist).
Many leftist socialists from the West and third-world nations strongly abhor Zhouran for being a "xenohpobic racist fascistic racial-supremacist nazi hell-hole" (which is a load of bullsh*t) but at the same time do admire Zhouran's economic ideas due to their similarities with the more-leftist economic ideas from Nordic nations.
Because Zhouran's right-wing socialistic economic ideas revolve around caring for the people, social mobility, meritocracy and productivity, this has a strong effect on standard of living in the nation. As a result, being a first-world nation with a very-high standard of living, Zhouran is said to have the most efficient social security in Asia and one of the best in the world, placing it in a similar ranking with the social securities of Nordic nations such as Sweden and Norway.
While Laixinjue Economics does receive praise both domestically and internationally, it also receives its fair share of criticism, especially from the more-hardline elements of Zhouranese socialism, kunbangism* and yirenweiben* who believe that the school is nothing more than classic western-brainwashed capitalist revisionism with supporters of the school being called out by hardline Zhouranese socialists, kunbangists and yirenweibenists as capitalist traitors, lapdogs for Wall-Street banking cartels and western whores.
People-oriented market economy (Putonghua: 以人为本的市场) is a nominally free-market system where the state provides significant services in the area of social security, unemployment benefits and recognition of labor rights through national collective bargaining arrangements. It is a form of market capitalism created in the People's Republic of Zhouran on January 3, 1979, during the start of the "Zhouranese Economic Miracle."
- A complex social safety net in addition to public services such as free education and universal healthcare
- An effective combination of monetary, credit, trade, tax, customs, investment, and social policies
- A partnership between employers, trade unions and the government, whereby these social partners negotiate the terms to regulating the workplace among themselves
- A free market combined with a social safety net, together with public ownership of key sectors
This type of market capitalism creates an economy that serves the welfare and needs of the people, thereby fulfilling its main goal.
Zhouranese Socialism is a characteristic of socialism that originated from Zhouran. Created in early 1922, it connects socialism with Zhouranese Virtues, which is an ethical code that was created in late 1861 and is associated with Zhouran's passionate and intense warrior culture, which dates back to the birth of the Silin Dynasty in 7 BC.
This unique variation of socialist thinking, believing in the values of creativity, discipline, concern for the greater good, productivity and self-sacrifice, is connected to the value system of Zhouranese Virtues, which significantly influenced the Zhouranese image of efficiency, discipline, loyalty and honor. Thinking outside the class conflict perspective, Zhouranese Socialism believes that the politics and society of a nation is not controlled by the opposition between rich and poor, but rather by rank, merits, achievement and talent. It also states that a "strong, cohesive and prosperous society is built on the distinction between command and obedience, the influences of military and bureaucratic discipline, and the idea that everyone has the possibility to attain every existing rank and receive merit exclusively based on ability and talent".
According to Zhouranese Socialism, "local corporate bodies should be organized according to the importance of each occupation to the people as a whole." The thinking also believes that "industries should be organized into collective productive unions in which industries are owned and managed by the workers through cooperative management groups composed of specialists and representatives of workers in each field to negotiate and manage the economy of a nation".
Kunbangism (Putonghua: 捆绑思想; English: Bundled Thought), also referred to as National Collectivism and Collective Nationalism, is a Zhouranese social, political and economic ideology created in early 1928. Considered to be a syncretic third position rather than left or right wing, the ideology is characterized by a militarist formulation, strong adherence to preserving cultural heritage and traditions, anti-individualism, statism, radical extremism, and aggressive militarism. Kunbangism is a combination of nationalism, conservatism and socialism.
Nationalism and Conservatism
As the foundation of the ideology, nationalism and conservatism form the core of Kunbangism. The kunbangist view of a nation is of a single body that bundles people together by their culture, heritage and traditions, and is what naturally unifies people together. Kunbangism believes in upholding and defending cultural identity, which is what makes a nation and its culture unique.
Kunbangism believes that the military plays an important role in the society of a nation. The ideology promotes strong military ethos and believes that a strong and prosperous military ensures the security, viability and stability of a nation. Kunbangism strongly emphasizes on military-patriotic values and the concept of unquestioning loyalty to both the military and the nation.
Kunbangism emphasizes the need for authority, hierarchy, and order in society. The ideology believes that advancement in such a society should be based on performance and merit measured through examination and demonstrated achievement. Kunbangism also believes that each individual should work hard for personal rewards in life, and that the preservation of social hierarchy is in the interests of all classes, and therefore all classes should collaborate in its defense. Both the lower and the higher classes should accept their roles and perform their respective duties.
Kunbangism follows its own economic concept known as National Collective Socialism (Putonghua: 国家集体社会主义). This concept involves management of an organization by its workforce and self-directed organization, while the state supervises the economy and maintain a strong directive influence over investment. While national collective socialism believes in the nationalization of industries, the concept also allows private individuals to create their own company, as long as they cooperate with both the state and the workers. Under Kunbangism, the state should have a role in mediating relations between the classes, believing that the existence of inequality and separate social classes is beneficial to the economy and society.
Through national collective socialism, worker-members manage an organization indirectly through the election of specialist managers. Self-management is conducted by an oversight of an organization by elected bodies of specialized managers.
Kunbangism strongly promotes direct action to allows workers to lead the production and to form groups known as management unions within the organization they work in. Management unions allow all workers from an organization to come together for face-to-face meetings, in which each worker has one vote. With management unions, the managers within an organization are directly elected and recallable, however the most important decisions are made collectively by the whole workforce.
National collective socialism believes in total unity and that all citizens can work together and receive personal rewards and merits, as long as they are loyal, assimilated, and work towards the good of the nation. National collective socialism also believes that workers are not employees but partners in the administration of their enterprise. The importance of autonomy for productivity in the firm and allowing workers to receive a portion of the profit to tie up their productivity to their level of compensation, is strongly promoted.
Yirenweiben (Putonghua: 以人为本, English: people-oriented) is a Zhouranese political thesis created by Xia Peng on November 3, 1955, during the Zhouranese Civil War. It is a mix of socialism and militarism, and is currently the main ideology of the People's Republic of Zhouran since September 9, 1956. Yirenweiben states that "the people are the leading force of a growing nation." It is characterized by policies and practices based on the principle that in each country, the means of attaining ultimate goals must be dictated by the conditions of that particular country, rather than by a pattern set in another country. Yirenweiben also focuses on fast industrialization and modernization.
Since 1956, the government has elaborated Yirenweiben into a set of principles that they use to justify their policy decisions.
- Strong military posture
- Industrialization and modernization
A person who believes in Yirenweiben is called a Yirenweibenist in English.
Data on the gross domestic product, GDP per capita (PPP) and defense budget of the People's Republic of Zhouran from 1970 to 2020.
1970: NS$208.5 billion
1975: NS$512.7 billion
1980: NS$1.832 trillion
1985: NS$3.605 trillion
1990: NS$4.914 trillion
1995: NS$7.326 trillion
2000: NS$9.548 trillion
2005: NS$11.174 trillion
2010: NS$13.196 trillion
2015: NS$17.271 trillion
2020: NS$21.764 trillion
1970: NS$20.85 billion
1975: NS$51.27 billion
1980: NS$179.536 billion
1985: NS$270.375 billion
1990: NS$368.550 billion
1995: NS$490.842 billion
2000: NS$553.784 billion
2005: NS$614.570 billion
2010: NS$659.800 billion
2015: NS$690.840 billion
2020: NS$732.800 billion