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The Constitution of The Constitutional Sultanate of Yuwa

The Constitution of The Sultanate of Yuwa
including the latest accepted amendment
The Preamble

Whereas the national identity and stability of the Yurans is the utmost importance of all, therefore all efforts must be vested to the benefit and safety of each and the entire Yurans as a whole. The challenges that the Yurans had already faced brings them to an ever-growing unity and strength to face the future challenges. By the will of the Yurans to be prosper and safe, the Sultanate of Yuwa received the oath of allegiance from the Yurans. Subsequently, the Sultanate of Yuwa lay it’s foundation on the House of Yuwa and the Constitution.

Article

Article 1 : The Sultanate of Yuwa
  1. The Sultanate of Yuwa’s government is held by the Sultan as the highest authority of the Sultanate.

  2. The Sultan must be from the male member of the House of Yuwa.

  3. The national government of the Sultanate is divided into three branches of government, which is the Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary branch.

Article 2 : The Executive branch

  1. The Executive branch consists of the Sultan, as the head of the Executive branch, and the ministers of the Sultanate, which act as the advisors to the Sultan.

  2. The Sultan has the power to create additional positions in the Executive branch that according to his opinion are necessary.

  3. The members of the additional positions are selected by the Sultan, and must not be the members of the House of Yuwa and/or any government officials.

  4. The members of the additional positions are considered retired if the Sultan itself retired (as explained in Article 5, Section 6), and the positions are abolished as well.

  5. The Executive branch has the power to formulate national policy and must receive the agreement with the Parliament in order to be implemented.

  6. If a national policy happens to contradict the previous national policy that had been implemented, the latter is considered cannot be applied and implemented anymore.

  7. Implementation of the national policy that is still applied is the duty of the respective ministries.

Article 3 : The Legislative branch

  1. The Legislative branch is held by the Parliament, which consists of the elected representatives of the ministries, cities, regencies, and minority groups.

  2. The representatives of the Parliament is elected by

    1. the Council of Ministry (for the representatives of ministries),

    2. the people that lives in the respective city and regency during the General Election (for the representatives of cities and regencies), and

    3. the relevant institution (for the representatives of minority groups) that has received the power from the Sultan to do so.

  3. The Parliament is headed by the High Marshall of the Parliament, which is elected by the agreement of the Parliament.

  4. The candidates for the High Marshall of the Parliament is proposed by the Sultan.

  5. The High Marshall of the Parliament has the duty to convene all members of the Parliament to the meeting and/or voting session of the Parliament.

  6. Any member of the Parliament that cannot be convened to the Parliament must send the letter of notice to the High Marshall of the Parliament regarding his/her opinion and/or vote on the affairs that is discussed at that moment.

  7. If the process explained in Article 3, Section 6 has not been finished by the respective member, he/she will be considered retired until those process is finished.

  8. The Parliament has the power to

    1. modify and gives agreement to the proposed national policy from the Sultan, and

    2. modify and gives agreement to the proposal of the Constitution’s amendment from the Sultan.

  9. The Parliament has no power to

    1. reject any proposed national policy from the Sultan, and

    2. to amend the Constitution by itself and/or to reject the proposed amendment of the Constitution from the Sultan.

  10. The agreement of the Parliament on any affairs that involve the Parliament is reached with the supermajority of 75% of vote of the non-retired members of the Parliament, rounded down to nearest integer.

Article 4 : The Judiciary branch

  1. The Judiciary branch is held by the Council of Judges, which consists of 7 experts on law and judgement, and 3 Islamic scholars.

  2. The members of the Council of Judges can be elected and/or deposed by the relevant institution that has received the power from the Sultan to do so.

  3. The Council of Judges has the power to formulate, amend, and implement the set of laws that is second only to the Constitution, which will be called “Book of National Jurisdiction”.

  4. “Book of National Jurisdiction” must not violate and/or contradict the Constitution.

  5. The Council of Judges has the duty to conduct national trial for

    1. perpetrators whose act of crime affect the Sultanate and/or the Yurans nationwide, and

    2. perpetrators whose act of crime failed to be addressed satisfactorily in the regional court (as mentioned in Article 9, Section 16).

Article 5 : The position of Sultan

  1. The de facto Sultan (as explained in Article 5, Section 9 and 10) must received the oath of allegiance from the Yurans in order to be actually chosen as the Sultan.

  2. The oath of allegiance is given in the national ceremony, which must be attended by a minimum of 0,1% of the entire population of the Sultanate, rounded down to nearest integer.

  3. The oath of allegiance is given by the attendee by saying the following sentence:

    “We, the Yurans, give our allegiance to [Sultan’s name] to hear and obey in times of difficulty and comfort, in hardship and ease, and not to dispute about rule with those in power, except in case of evident infidelity regarding that which there is a proof from Allah”
  4. For the successors of the Sultan, the Sultan must chooses three potential male candidates, sort them based on the order of succession desired by the Sultan, and proposes it to the Parliament.

  5. If the agreement is reached in the Parliament regarding the successors of the Sultan, the three candidates automatically becomes the crown princes of the Sultanate.

  6. The Sultan and/or the crown princes is considered retired if he is voluntarily or forcibly abdicates the position, passed away, disappear without trace, or kidnapped.

  7. If all the crown princes is retired, the Sultan must repeat the procedure explained in Article 5, Section 4 and 5.

  8. If the procedure explained in Article 5, Section 4 and 5 is not finished before the Sultan’s retirement, the non-retired male members of the Yuwa dynasty (from male and/or female descendent) is allowed to propose their own candidacy to the Parliament.

  9. The first self-proposed candidate for the successor of the retired Sultan that receive the Parliament’s agreement automatically become the de facto Sultan.

  10. If the Sultan retired, the first (in order of succession) non-retired crown prince is automatically becomes the de facto Sultan, and the other non-retired crown princes automatically loses their status as the crown princes.

  11. The de facto Sultan cannot exercise the duty and power that is explained in Article 6, Section 3 and 4.

Article 6 : Rights, Duties, and Powers of the Sultan

  1. The Sultan has the right to conduct any other job outside of government as long as he does not neglect his position as the Sultan and/or abuses his power to the benefit of his job.

  2. The Sultan has no right to

    1. use any of the Sultanate’s property for any personal and/or family interest, and

    2. give regulations to leaders of the Sultanate's vassal nation that deals with any other aspect and/or affairs outside what is mentioned in Article 6, Section 4f

  3. The Sultan has the duty to respond to national issues by formulating national policy with the relevant ministers and propose it to the Parliament.

  4. The Sultan has the power to

    1. propose amendment of the Constitution to the Parliament, by which the amendment will pass if the agreement of the Parliament is reached,

    2. retract any proposed national policy and/or amendment of the Constitution that has not yet received agreement from the Parliament if according to his opinion is necessary,

    3. gives power to an institution to be involved in government affairs as explained in the Constitution,

    4. gives permission for a political party to participate in the General Election,

    5. accept or reject the proposal from the Council of Ministry to depose the respective minister, and

    6. give regulations to leaders of the Sultanate's vassal nation that deals with public service, governance, military, and/or economy of the vassal nation.

  5. The Sultan must abide to the Constitution and the Book of National Jurisdiction. Failure to do so will force the Sultan to be summoned to the Parliament and the Council of Judges.

Article 7 : Ministers and Coordinating Ministers of the Sultanate and the Council of Ministry

  1. Each minister of the Sultanate headed their respective ministry for the maximum of 4 years.

  2. Each and every ministry is under the coordination power of a Coordinating Ministry headed by a Coordinating Minister, which is explained in Article 8, Section 3.

  3. Coordinating Minister has the duties to

    1. regulate all ministry in his/her coordination power to ensure a syncronization between all ministry’s action undertaken to implement a national policy, and

    2. discuss and consults with other Coordinating Ministers and the Sultan to ensure the best possible national policy for all ministries to implement.

  4. Each ministry of the Sultanate has its own Council of Ministry, which consists of the expert from the relevant field of knowledge.

  5. The members of the Council of Ministry can be elected and/or deposed by the relevant institution that has received the power from the Sultan to do so.

  6. The Council of Ministry has the power to

    1. propose the candidate for the respective minister position,

    2. held closed election to elect the minister,

    3. propose the deposition of the minister to the Sultan, by which the Sultan will give his opinion and agreement, and

    4. elect the Coordinating Minister together with other Council of Ministry from the same coordination power.

  7. The minister of the respective ministry will be elected if the supermajority vote of 75% (rounded down to nearest integer) from the respective Council of Ministry is reached.

  8. The minister’s duty is to discuss and draft new national policy with the Sultan, which previously proposed by the Council of Ministry to the respective minister.

Article 8 : Ministries of the Sultanate

  1. There are 13 ministries in the Sultanate, each with it’s own specification as explained below:

    1. Ministry of Foreign Affair, which deals with all relations and communications to any foreign nation on behalf of the Sultanate.

    2. Ministry of Home Affair, which oversees the entire police force and bureaucratic standards of the Sultanate.

    3. Ministry of Defense, which oversees the Army, Navy, and Air Force of the Sultanate.

    4. Ministry of Education, which deals with all level and kinds of education, from pre-school to post-doc, and from public to non-formal education.

    5. Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology, which deals with the scientific and technological development of the Sultanate.

    6. Ministry of Economy, which deals with the Sultanate’s economy and oversees all transaction and money flow in the Sultanate.

    7. Ministry of Social and Culture, which oversees the national identity and culture of the Sultanate.

    8. Ministry of Women and Children, which oversees the empowerment and protection of Yuran women and children.

    9. Ministry of Transportation, which oversees all transportation infrastructure and facilities of the Sultanate.

    10. Ministry of Health, which oversees the entire public hospital of the Sultanate.

    11. Ministry of Information and Communication, which deals with the flow of information, media activity, and the internet of the Sultanate.

    12. Ministry of Resources, which deals with the exploration, exploitation, and management of the Sultanate’s natural and man-made resources.

    13. Ministry of Environment, which oversees the management of the existing natural environment of the Sultanate.

  2. Some ministries have special duty as explained below:

    1. Ministry of Foreign Affair has the duty to receive and give consideration to the citizenship proposal from anyone from foreign nationality.

    2. Ministry of Home Affair has the duty to held the general election.

    3. Ministry of Defense has the duty to oversees the Scout Movement of the Sultanate.

    4. Ministry of Social and Culture has the duty to continue the project started by the first Sultan to recover any potentially lost culture and ethnicity that once lived in the teritory of the Sultanate.

  3. There are 4 Coordinating Ministries that will serve to coordinate the ministries under it’s coordination power, as explained below:

    1. Coordinating Ministry for Government Affair, which coordinates the

      1. Ministry of Foreign Affair,

      2. Ministry of Home Affair, and

      3. Ministry of Defense.

    2. Coordinating Ministry for Yuran Service Affair, which coordinates the

      1. Ministry of Education,

      2. Ministry of Transportation,

      3. Ministry of Health, and

      4. Ministry of Information and Communication.

    3. Coordinating Ministry for National Development Affair, which coordinates the

      1. Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology,

      2. Ministry of Economy,

      3. Ministry of Resources, and

      4. Ministry of Environment.

    4. Coordinating Ministry for Humanitarian Affair, which coordinates the

      1. Ministry of Social and Culture, and

      2. Ministry of Women and Children.

Article 9 : Regional government

  1. The Sultanate’s teritory is divided into provinces ruled by a governor for each province.

  2. Each province is divided into cities and regencies, which is ruled by mayor (for city) and regent (for regency).

  3. New provinces can be established by the consent from the Sultan from new teritories incorporated to the Sultanate’s teritory, and/or the splitting of an existing province to two or more provinces.

  4. New cities and/or regencies in a province can be established by the consent of the governor from newly established province and/or the splitting of an existing cities and/or regencies.

  5. New province/city/regency as explained in Article 9, Section 3 and 4 will be ruled by governor that is selected by the Sultan (for province) or mayor/regent that is selected by the governor of the respective province (for city/regency)

  6. The regional government consists of

    1. the governor/mayor/regent,

    2. ministry’s branch in the respective province/city/regency,

    3. the Council of Province/City/Regency, and

    4. the Regional Court.

  7. The governor/mayor/regent is elected directly by the people that lives in the respective province/city/regency during the general election.

  8. The ministry’s branch in a province/city/regency is headed by the Head of branch, which is selected by the ministry at the national level.

  9. The governor/mayor/regent, together with ministry’s branch in the respective province/city/regency, have the duty to formulate, propose, and implement regional policy.

  10. The Council of Province/City/Regency consists of the representatives of

    1. the cities and regencies (for the Council of Province) or the districts in the city/regency (for the Council of City/Regency), which is elected by the Yuran that lives at the respective teritory, and

    2. the minority groups in the respective province/city/regency, which is elected by the relevant institution that has received the power from the Sultan to do so.

  11. The Council of Province/City/Regency is headed by the Head of Council, which has the duty to convene all members of the Council of Province/City/Regency to the meeting and/or voting session of the Council of Province/City/Regency.

  12. Any member of the Council of Province/City/Regency that cannot be convened to the Parliament must send the letter of notice to the Head of Council regarding his/her opinion and/or vote on the affairs that is discussed at that moment.

  13. If the process explained in Article 9, Section 12 has not been finished by the respective member, he/she will be considered retired until those process is finished.

  14. Every regional policy must be proposed to the Council of Province/City/Regency and must receives agreement from the Council of Province/City/Regency in order to be implemented.

  15. The agreement of the Council of Province/City/Regency on any affairs that involve the Council of Province/City/Regency is reached with the supermajority of 75% of vote of the non-retired members of the Council of Province/City/Regency, rounded down to nearest integer.

  16. The Regional Court consists of the judges and attorneys that is selected by the Council of Judges, and has the duty to conduct regional trial for criminal activities and actors that affect the respective province/city/regency.

  17. Regional policy must not violate and/or contradicts the Constitution and/or any national policy that is still applied.

  18. If a regional policy happens to contradict the previous regional policy that had been implemented, the latter is considered cannot be applied and implemented anymore.

Article 10 : The Yurans and their Human Rights

  1. The Yuran is defines as the people that

    1. born in the teritory of the Sultanate,

    2. born from the father and mother that is legally the Yuran, and/or

    3. the person that receives the citizenship from the Ministry of Foreign Affair that previously did not satisfy the criteria as explained in Article 10, Section 1a and 1b.

  2. Regarding the personal right of every Yuran’s life, the Yuran has the right

    1. to live and defend his/her life from any unnecessary threat and/or action, and

    2. to secure his/her personal affairs from being evasdropped by anyone.

  3. Regarding the social right of every Yuran’s life, the Yuran has the right

    1. to choose any religion that he/she thinks suits him/her and to exercise the practice of his/her religion in public and/or private area,

    2. to interact and establish relationship with anyone,

    3. to held meeting, conference, and/or any similar activities,

    4. to establish and be involved in organization, institution, and/or political party,

    5. to marry and be married by the person that he/she desires, and

    6. to reproduce and form a family.

  4. Regarding the economic right of every Yuran’s life, the Yuran has the right

    1. to have any job that he/she desires and has the capability to do it,

    2. to be paid according to the effort and result of his/her work,

    3. to store wealth in any form except the national currency, and

    4. to spend his/her wealth in any way that he/she desires.

  5. Regarding the educational right of every Yuran’s life, the Yuran has the right

    1. to receive 12 years of mandatory education that is subsidized by the Sultanate,

    2. to receive university and/or college education if he/she is qualified, and

    3. to receive non-formal education in any subject that he/she desires.

  6. Regarding the information right of every Yuran’s life, the Yuran has the right

    1. to access and receive any information from any media that he/she wants, and

    2. to spread information to anyone in any way as long as the information is valid.

  7. Regarding the health right of every Yuran’s life, the Yuran has the right

    1. to receive medical attention and/or assistance from any public hospital with the subsidization from the Sultanate, and

    2. to prevent anything that will cause harm to his/her health.

  8. Every Yuran’s human rights that is explained in Article 10, Section 2 – 7 are considered not applied if it violates another Yuran’s human rights as explained in Article 10, Section 2 – 7.

Article 11 : General Election

  1. The General Election is held once every election season (4 years) for the duration of 1 day to elect

    1. new representatives in the Parliament,

    2. new governor/mayor/regent, and

    3. the representatives in the Council of Province/City/Regency.

  2. The General Election can only be held in new province, city, and regency that is explained in Article 9, Section 3 and 4 at the first election season after it’s establishment.

  3. The candidates that will run for the positions as mentioned in Article 11, Section 1 can be endorsed by a political party and/or independent institutions that has not receive the power from the Sultan as explained in Article 6, Section 4c.

  4. The number of candidates that is allowed to run for any positions as mentioned in Article 11, Section 1 is unlimited.

  5. Each candidate can only run for 1 seat in a particular region and position.

  6. In order for a candidate to be elected, he/she must receive at least 1 vote more than 50% of the entire Yuran that lives in the respective region and cast his/her vote at the day of the General Election.

  7. If the initial election results did not satisfy Article 11, Section 6 for any candidate, the two candidates with the highest number of vote will run again for the second time, and another election must be held.

Article 12 : Foreign Relation

  1. The Sultanate of Yuwa is a sovereign nation and shall not be voluntarily annexed, subjugated, and/or partitioned by any other nation.

  2. The Sultanate, via the Sultan, can establish a vassal nation whose leader directly report to the Sultan.

  3. Every vassal nation of the Sultanate had the right to

    1. establish any form of government that the nation desires,

    2. create the nation's own Constitution,

    3. ratify or ignore any national policy enacted by the Sultanate, and

    4. to declare independence with the consent of the Sultan.

  4. Every vassal nation of the Sultanate has the obligation to

    1. ratify the Constitution of the Sultanate of Yuwa, and

    2. accept every regulation given directly by the Sultan and ratify it in the form of binding laws and/or policies of the vassal nation.

  5. Any vassal nation of the Sultanate that fails to exercise the obligation as mentioned in Article 12, Section 4 will receive military and/or political intervention from the Sultanate in order to disband the current government of the vassal nation.

  6. The Sultanate, via Ministry of Foreign Affair, can establish mutual bilateral relations with other nation by proposing an ambassador to other nation and/or accepting the ambassador of other nation to the Sultanate.

  7. The Sultanate shall not engage in any foreign relation that may drag the Sultanate into direct military conflict and/or confrontation with other nation.

  8. Every ambassador of other nation to the Sultanate shall have an embassy building specifically purposed for the ambassador’s diplomatic mission in the Sultanate.

  9. Every ambassador of the Sultanate to other nation is selected by the Minister of Foreign Affair with the agreement of the Sultan, via the selection process conducted by the Minister of Foreign Affair.

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