by Max Barry

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The Meowvelously Purrfect Utopia of
Left-wing Utopia

Overview Factbook Dispatches Policies People Government Economy Rank Trend Cards

31

The Wikipedia-like Overview of De Sierlijke und Verwonderlijk Feline Utopia et its Heerlijke Autonomous Opperheerschappij ov Valentine Z.

De Sierlijke und Verwonderlijk Feline Utopia et its Heerlijke Autonomous Opperheerschappij ov Valentine Z
(The Graceful and Wonderful Feline Utopia and its Glorious Autonomous Superpowers of Valentine Z)



Flag


Motto: Een Natie gebou op Amour, Cuidado, et Rikai (A nation built on Love, Care and Understanding)
National Anthem: LinkA Better Future



Location


Population: 5.358 billion (Jan 2040)
Density: ~ 64.2 / km2


Capital: အောက်ပိုင်း ရန်ကုန် (Aoutpine Yangon)
Largest City:


Official Language: Valkyrie Sprak, English



National Language: Valkyrie Sprak, English, among the rest of the languages known throughout history of Earth


Demonym: Valentians

Government:
The Meowvelously Purrfect Utopia of Valentine Z:
• Valentijn “De Sierlijke en Vrij Valkyrie General” Samantha Maxwell Delta Weston Stijn Angelus Tracey Mitchell Constantine Sein Lin Zaw Naing
• Chief Aviator Gwen Tracer Hepburn “Fate” Ellen Trixie Caitlin Foxworthy Avril Eveline Celinda Sammy Wt. Oxton Arielle Lindall Leslie Allison

The following nations below are under Valentine Z's administrative division.

The Joyeux Solarpunk Queendom of Alanis Star:
• Exuberant Surveillant Clarissa Alanis Star Breya “ La Amoureux Chéri » Millie Taissa Butterfly Coraline Jolijn Trini Clementine Hollie Harumi
• Zastępca Strażnika Adriana Krystal Desiree “Manipulator Światła” Venus Kowalski Faith Stanisława Engelse I. Cherise Sztormowska Lillian

The Heerlijke Opperheerschappij of Victoriaans Nederlands
• Foresittend Marcus Alan Ariel Maximillian Swifty Felix Prometheus Revlin Lynx Artyom Lichtenstein Haydn Taal Reynolds J. Fang Wu Ying
• Vice Foresittend Jolyn Maxine Caulfield Moira Marlene Wendy Lucille Lapis Jill “Неуловимый” Nvt. Zolina ł. Natasha Vasilisa Helen Ceeta

The Overwatch's Enhanced Bastion of Voorzichtigheid:
• Head Secretary Jamie Izabella Maxie Clara “The Elegant Mathematician” Pernella Ellie Natie Marie Valerie Ruby Æstriðr F. Millicent Eirian
• Assistant Secretary Mandy Juliet Voorzicht “La Diplomate Indiscutable” Willow Stephanie Madison Rose Hélène Deborah Colette Diva Koh

The Scientific Super Colliders of Vostrov:
• Premier Ministre Kendrick Elliott Quinton Øistein Håvard “Ustoppelig Vilje” Demetrius Barrett Anderson Jovita Eril Moff Tarvin Dsv. Andres
• Vice Premier Ministre Markus Tom Lincoln Schillinger Lewis Joyelle Wei Jaiden X. “Hraður Og Banvænn” Nordmann M. Geoff Julius Wyatt

The Beautiful Mathematicians of Mathematik:
• President Brook Angelo Pythos R. Voorstein Taylor Gwenaël Yves L' Hôpital

The Time-and-Space Benders of Natuurkunde:
• President Nikola Maxwell E. Steiner Wattson Hvalimir Nestorovski Tesla

The Heldere n Betoverde Dimensie of Garden at 6th Mile Road (Unofficial Territory):
• Holly “De Stralend en Wonderbaarlijk Licht Koningin” Aurora Symantha Vreugde Lavender Astrid Lilac T. Marlie Nova Radiant Lapia Starlight


Legislature:
• Upper House: Chief Senator Shannon Gwendolyn Annette “Höchste Gerechtigkeit” Melissa Liliah Nelie I. Steinhäusser Tammy Elizabeth Jennifier Wanda
• Lower House: Intelligence Officer Jenny Claudia Joy Lena Linette “Sombra De Kenshutsu Funō” Marce Tanya Mayweather Ik. Whitney Hoshiko Radiance


Ambassadors:
• Head: Lead Ambassador Germaine Athena “Mercy De Herzhafter Schutzengel” Sylvi Angelina Zoe Sophia Jen Alanna Rx Hailie Ziegler Constance
• Assistant: Head Diplomat Charlene Jeannie Natalia Adeline Marceline “De Museoun Lipoteo” Celestie Christine Irelle Dv. Annie W. Myong Suh-Hyung


Establishment: From the former countries and colonies
Independence: c. 1st of Jan, 2000 (0-000, 0 : 00 : 00 under the new Decimal Time)


Land Area: 141,247,976 km² (54,536,148 mile²)
Water Area: 361,132,000 km²
Water %: 71.8


Elevation
Highest Point: Mount Everest / 8,848 meters
Lowest Point: Mariana Trench / -11,034 meters


GDP (nominal): 1,113 Trillion VC
GDP (nominal) per capita: 245,214 VC per person


Human Development Index (NS Version): 0.9999 (99.99)


Currency: Valentian Credits (VC)


Time Zone: N/A


Drives on the: Right


Calling code: N/A


Internet TLD: .vz

The Meowvelously Purrfect Utopia of Valentine Z


De Sierlijke und Verwonderlijk Feline Utopia et its Heerlijke Autonomous Opperheerschappij ov Valentine Z (The Graceful and Wonderful Feline Utopia and its Glorious Autonomous Superpowers of Valentine Z), or simply known as The Meowvelously Purrfect Utopia of Valentine Z, is a combination of nearly the entirety of Earth. Its territories covers the entire Earth, minus Australia, which belongs to The Borderlands of Vidunderlige Nye Verden. Valentine Z covers 141,247,976 km². Valentine Z comprises of 6 other autonomous regions under its control. The nation as a whole has an autocratic government system, with the roles of President, Vice-President, Prime Minister, and Vice Prime Ministers there just for namesake, while the military itself has the largest power (led by General Valentijn).

The pre-Valentian history was identical to the history of what was known as "Earth with non-disastrous Cold War results". For this parallel, the Cold War escalated and the world was separated to two sides: The Western Hemisphere (USA and its allies), and The Eastern Hemisphere (USSR and its allies). On the grim evening of 25th of September, 1998, both USA and USSR had enough of each other. They launched nuclear missiles at one another, as well as through its ally regions. Basically, almost every single square mile of the Earth was bombarded by radiation.

From the ashes of the old world, comes terraforming, and a new Earth of peace, love, and harmony. Valentine Z's role is to unite the world under one roof, as well as to prevent further atrocities and crimes against humanity from happening again. Namely, Valentine Z has sworn off its usage of nuclear weapons on international stages (though 16 ICBMs are kept in case of possible large-scale invasions), while recognizing the presence of other worlds, and even other Earths, through parallel universes. Risen from the ashes of Earth's former nations and colonies, Valentine Z's aim is simple: For betterment of humanity, as well as to eliminate discrimination based on race, religion, or ethnicity.

Valentine Z operates on an Autocracy, with Limited Capitalism and a degree of Socialist and Communist ideologies implemented in its economic system.

Etymology


The name Valentine Z was thought up by General Valentijn himself, right after Valentine's Day. The name is designated to be synonymous with the day of the lovers, which is expanded into the context of the entire nation, and ultimately the world itself. The basic notion is to create a nation that will solve conflicts through peaceful means, and in peace time, to create and nurture the nicest and most caring populace.

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Valentine Z is as a "Valentian." For other autonomous nations, they have their own demonyms, namely:

Alanis Star: Stars, or in rare cases, Alanians.

Voorzichtigheid: Titans.

Victoriaans Nederlands: Do note that while they are called “Dutch-Germans”, it is indeed true that many of them are neither Dutch nor Germans. It is simply a broad term for those that has resided within the countries that Victoriaans Nederlands was originally composed of, i.e. The Netherlands, Russia, and Germany.

Vostrov: Simply Vostrovs.

Mathematik: Mathematicians.

Natuurkunde: Physicists.

History



Pre-Valentian Era
The pre-Valentian history was identical to the history of what was known as "Earth with non-disastrous Cold War results". For this parallel, the Cold War escalated and the world was separated to two sides: The Western Hemisphere (USA and its allies), and The Eastern Hemisphere (USSR and its allies). While there were constant conflicts, one positive side about the war was that the technology has advanced much further than anyone has seen - Quantum Physics, Short-Distance Teleportation, Immortality was in the works, Dumb AIs are being made... a bloodshed with scientific advancement with its side effect, as the survivors have commented.

At the height of its conflict, billions of lives were lost in the conventional warfare, while any attempts to negotiate always broke down and result in a death of a diplomat. It was commented by Head Diplomat Charlene that "Anyone who stood on the international pedestal lasted 20 seconds on average. Both sides were simply unstable." This was all coupled with the fact that rebellion and splinter forces were running rampant throughout the world, and it became near-impossible to determine on whether they were organised by the government or not.

General Valentijn, during [YEAR MISSING], proposed to his hometown Burmese government about Project Resolute - to build a dome that would cover part of Yangon - a capital of Burma, as well as to begin researching on terra-forming to counter the effects of a nuclear fallout should either side decided to launch all their nuclear arsenal all across Earth. His idea was dismissed as a mere flight of fancy at first, but with the increasing number of terrorist attacks and news about an impending nuclear warfare, the government decided to divert their military and resources to Valentijn's cause, and at that point of time, Myanmar secretly became an isolationist nation, quietly withdrawing all its troops to either help out with Valentijn’s cause, or to contribute to the defensive measures of the country.

The aim of Project Resolute was to ensure that every single race, language, religion, nationality, and ethnic groups survive the war, in order to ensure that the cultures from all around the world would survive the ordeal. This goal was achieved with the help of then-Chief Intelligence Jolyn, as well as Intelligence Officer Jenny, who ran covert operations to randomly pick a group of people of the specifications. The selection was justified in a sense that Project Resolute was only enough for 400.000 to 500.000 people, so saving the whole Earth is unfortunately a lost cause. Despite this, Valentijn kept an optimistic view that at the very least, the blow would be cushioned by ensuring that different cultures survive.

Despite some difficulties in keeping the populace from attacking each other, it was overall a successful procedure. Head Diplomat Charlene's efforts to disarm everyone's weapons was applauded as a tactical foresight, resulting in most of the racial conflicts being fistfights that was easily quelled.

The End of the Old Era
On the grim evening of 25th of September, 1998, both USA and USSR had enough of each other. They launched nuclear missiles at one another, as well as through its ally regions. Basically, almost every single square mile of the Earth was bombarded by radiation. At that time, General Valentijn was outside the dome together with Surveillant Clarissa, though with absurd luck, both of them survived the ordeal, with the former mutating beyond human capabilities. Terraforming began on 1st of January, 2000, designated as Year 0. The side-effect was that the gravitational distortion and altered gravitational constant (from 9.81 m/s2 to 5.55 m/s2) also altered the Earth's orbit, resulting in a perfect orbit to use Decimal Time. For labeling time, both Decimal Time and Traditional (Old Earth) Time is used, so as to communicate with the rest of the parallel Earths.

The Beginning of the Valentian Era
In the present day Valentine Z, ICBMs, chemical warfare, biological warfare - WMDs in general, have been condemned and seen as nothing but a step back towards humanity, though Valentijn ordered that 16 ICBMs be kept for self-defense, while the rest of the weapons are to be dismantled, rendering them harmless. The people have been convinced to not tolerate, but to be accepting and caring of each other, regardless of their racial or political background. Today, Valentine Z remained as one of the happiest nations of this side of the galaxy, filled with cats and kittens roaming the city freely and safely, being taken care of by the neighboring residents.

Segregation of Australia from Valentine Z
Around Year 1 (2001), Australia decided to separate from Valentine Z, forming Vidunderlige Nye Verden under Anarchist Jamison Mad Max Arielian. The terraforming efforts was simply not enough to counteract the mutation effects that have concentrated there, as well as the biodiversity and dangerous wildlife that managed to survive and adapt. Societal breakdown happened to a small degree, though just like Valentine Z, Vidunderlige Nye Verden managed to stay together and keep as one. Their reason for separation was that they had enough of the government meddling with their everyday lives; the Cold War has simply scarred them, and they even see Valentine Z with much paranoia. Anarchist Jamison commented that, "We can take care of ourselves now, thank you! We had enough of the Man, man."

Discovery of an odd dimension
[CLASSIFIED: FOR YOUR EYES ONLY] A few months later, another small region was discovered in Garden at 6th Mile Road, which was a result of an energetic concentration that occurred at that area. Queen Wisp Holly requests that she and her dimensional rift be kept private and thus, a front was set up by General Valentijn. Despite this, Holly remarks that there has been trespassers to her region, and while they are harmless, she does not want people getting lost inside and starving to death.

Division of Valentine Z into multiple Autonomous Regions
Around Year 3 (c. 2006), Valentijn decided to give more power to his closest associates, essentially to make the entire Earth (minus Australia) much more effective. That is, while Valentine Z will function as the main brain and headquarters of the world, many of the autonomous regions will be operating under their own guise, under their own leadership. That is, Alanis Star became a front for technological advancements, Voorzichtigheid is known as the “Defenders of Earth”, Victoriaans Nederlands is a cornerstone for Earth’s culture, while Vostrov and Mathematik and Natuurkunde are meant for further researches, as well as where most of the universities are.

Geography


General Physical Geography

The Geography of Valentine Z itself is an extremely broad range, from the highest points at Mount Everest, to the lowest points deep down Mariana Trench. This was all in thanks to the Valentian’s terraforming device, which managed to demolish and reconstruct everything down to its detail, as well as the fact that Valentine Z encompassed nearly the entire Earth. The areas of Valentine Z encompassed the entire Earth, with a land area of 141,247,976 km2 and a water area of 361,132,000 km2, all of this excluding Australia.

Time System

With the Terraforming done once in the past, the gravitational waves changed the speed and size of the orbit of the Old Earth around the Sun, making Decimal Time a reality. We simply borrowed the idea of a metric time implemented during Old Earth's French Revolution.

1 Decimal Second = 1 Old Earth Second. The smaller parts of the second remain the same, e.g. Old Earth Nanosecond = Decimal Nanosecond.

- There are 100 decimal seconds (S) in 1 decimal minute (M).
- There are 100 decimal minutes (M) in 1 decimal hour (H).
- There are 10 decimal hours (H) in 1 decimal day (D).
- 1000 decimal days (D) in 1 decimal year (Y).

There are 10 Decimal Months in 1 Decimal Year, with 1 Decimal Month = 100 Decimal Days.

There's no separate date and time format; the time format H : MM : SS can be extended to Y - M - DD, H : MM : SS.

To calculate the number of Decimal Seconds in a date, and to convert it to Old Earth Years, you can do it manually as stated below,
5 – 8 – 65, 8 : 40 : 22
= (5 * 10 * 100 * 10 * 100 * 100) + (8 * 100 * 10 * 100 * 100) + (65 * 10 * 100 * 100) + (8 * 100 * 100) + (40 * 100) + 22
= 586,584,022 Decimal / Old Earth Seconds
= 586,854,022 / (3600 * 24 * 365.25) Old Earth Years
= 18.587 Old Earth Years.

800 – 0 – 32, 0 : 05 : 66
= (800 * 10 * 100 * 10 * 100 * 100) + (0 * 100 * 10 * 100 * 100) + (32 * 10 * 100 * 100) + (0 * 100 * 100) + (5 * 100) + 66
= 80,003,200,566 Decimal / Old Earth Seconds
= 2,535.15 Old Earth Years

Another method is to simply take the digits in the format and write them down, INCLUDING the zeroes. This will be the number of Dec. / Old Earth Seconds.
1004 – 0 – 05, 8 : 00 : 03
= 1004,0,05,8,00,03 = 100,400,580,003 Decimal / Old Earth Seconds
= 3,181.502 Old Earth Years.

Conversion Table, to show each division equating to number of Decimal / Old Earth Seconds

Decimal Year

Decimal Month

Decimal Day

Decimal Hour

Decimal Minute

Decimal Second

Number of Decimal Seconds

10 * 100 * 10 * 100 * 100

100 * 10 * 100 * 100

10 * 100 * 100

100 * 100

100

1

Climate

The Climate of Valentine Z varies depending on the location itself. However, after terraforming was done, the country has experienced several anomalies compared to the pre-terraformed Earth.

For one, Valentine Z has a much wider Tropical Zone and Subtropical Zone, while the Temperate Zone, Subpolar Climate, and the Polar Climate have narrowed. This in turn resulted in a slightly higher average temperature, though thanks to Valentine Z’s solarpunk-themed means of producing energy instead of the natural resources and fossil fuel, the Greenhouse Effect is kept to a minimum.

Tropical Climate

A tropical climate in the Köppen climate classification is a non-arid climate in which all twelve months have mean temperatures of at least 18 °C (64 °F). In tropical climates there are often only two seasons: a wet season and a dry season. Tropical climates are frost-free, and changes in the solar angle are small. In tropical climates temperature remains relatively constant (hot) throughout the year.

As for Valentine Z’s Earth, the Tropical Climates have seen an increase in size compared to the pre-terraform Earth. The temperatures in the temperate regions fluctuate wildly over the year, with the hottest temperatures recorded on the fifth month, while the coldest temperatures are between the tenth month and the following first month.

Sub-Tropical Climate

Humid Subtropical Climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. While many subtropical climates tend to be located at or near coastal locations, in some cases they extend inland, most notably in China and the United States.

Compared to pre-terraformed Earth, Valentine Z’s Sub-Tropical Climates has higher temperatures on average, with some months only a few degrees lower than the temperatures in the Tropical Climates at any given point in time.

Temperate Climate

The temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth. These zones generally have wider temperature ranges throughout the year and more distinct seasonal changes compared to tropical climates, where such variations are often small.

For Valentine Z, as usual, the highest temperatures were recorded on the fifth month at a peaking 28.3° C, while the lowest temperatures were recorded at the tenth month at a drastic 8.7° C average. Due to this drastic temperature change throughout the year, Fall occurs earlier, and the vegetation has thicker stumps compared to their pre-terraform counterparts in order to store more water and food for the winter.

Sub-Polar Climate

The subarctic climate (also called subpolar climate, subalpine climate, or boreal climate) is a climate characterised by long, usually very cold winters, and short, cool to mild summers. It is found on large landmasses, away from the moderating effects of an ocean, generally at latitudes from 50° to 70°N poleward of the humid continental climates.

For Valentine Z, the highest temperatures (on average) of these climates are recorded on the 4th Month of the Decimal Year, though the highest Median temperature occurs on the following month. The vegetation here are more or less coniferous, with trees having smaller leaves and thicker trunks in order to adapt to the slightly harsher winter conditions of the 8th to 10th Months, as compared to the Temperate Climate. Forest wolves and bears are found in large numbers, while small animals such as insects do not usually come out during Winter and would usually reside in the hollow and warm tree trunks. While not as populated as a Temperate or Tropical climates, a good percentage of Valentians are found in the regions, either living in small villages, or isolated themselves from the civilization to bask in the glory of Mother Nature.

Polar Climate

The polar climate regions are characterized by a lack of warm summers. Every month in a polar climate has an average temperature of less than 10 °C (50 °F). Regions with polar climate cover more than 20% of the Earth. Most of these regions are far from the equator, and in this case, winter days are extremely long and summer days are extremely short (or lasting for the entirety of each season or longer). A polar climate consists of cool summers and very cold winters, which results in treeless tundra, glaciers, or a permanent or semi-permanent layer of ice.

For Valentine Z, the highest temperature obtained was on the 3rd Month, at -7.4° C, while the highest median temperature is also on the same month at -13.3° C. The Polar Climate sees the lowest temperatures throughout the world, with the 10th Month reaching as low as -50° C in some years, as well having a median temperature of -48° C. Due to these extreme conditions, little to no vegetation are present, and there is a good amount of polar animals present and adapted to the colder temperatures compared to the pre-Valentian polar creatures. For instance, penguins got a slightly thicker layer of fat, polar bears have longer hair and fur to trap heat, as well as a slower metabolism rate.

Demographics


Population
The population of Valentine Z over the years from 1985 (pre-Valentian era), to 2000 (establishment of Valentine Z), to 2040, can be seen on these two graphs. Note that the conventional old Earth years are still used for the graphs in order to avoid confusion.


Full images Linkhere and Linkhere.

The first generation of Valentians encompasses the survivors that made it through the nuclear war, either from their own shelters, or from Valentijn’s random choosing. These comprises of 500,000 - 550,000 people, all taken from various nations, ethnicity, race, religion, and languages. As a result, the Valentians are multicultural, multinational people, with inclusiveness and acceptance for one another in mind, after a month or two of unrest that was brought about from their motherlands brainwashing these people to hate the other hemisphere (i.e. West or East).



Population – Nationality

The Nationality Pie Chart. LinkBigger image here.

Rather than going for readability, this graph represents, as a proof-of-concept, that Valentine Z consists of hundreds or even thousands of nationalities and ethnic groups. Each of the ethnic groups and nationalities are spread out evenly, as according to General Valentijn’s plan. The Indeterminates are the ones that either are hard to define their nationality, or they might not even have one. One such example is Clarissa, amongst many other robots, since while they do have a place or country of assembly or build, they do not follow a certain ethnicity due to their status as metallic robots, though they enjoy the same rights as the human Valentians.
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Population – Ethnicity

Since Nationality is a rather poor source of information when it comes to origins, Ethnicity is also considered. However, due to the sheer size of the charts and pie graphs involved, a convenient table is made in order for easier readability. The groups commonly identified as "ethnic groups" (as opposed to ethno-linguistic phyla, national groups, racial groups or similar). Smaller groups (i.e. less than 100,000) are often indigenous peoples. Do note that these statistical figures are much different from the pre-Valentian era figures, since in Valentine Z, the ethnic groups are free from discrimination and are free to practice their own culture and grow out of their own accord. The even distribution was present at first, but overtime, it was obvious that some ethnic groups and nationalities grow faster.

The population size of Valentians by Ethnicity can be found in the chart below, accurate as of January 2040.

Name

Native language (primary language)

Primary Homeland

Population

Abazins

Northwest Caucasian → Abazgi → Abaza

Abazinia (Russia)

15,240

Abkhazians

Northwest Caucasian → Abazgi → Abkhaz

Abkhazia

301,391

Acehnese

Austronesian → Chamic → Acehnese

Aceh (Indonesia)

3,420,838

Acoli

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Acoli

Acoliland (Uganda, South Sudan)

914,430

Adjoukrou

Niger–Congo → Kwa → Adjukru

Dabou (Ivory Coast)

211,027

Afemai

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Edoid → Afenmai

Edo State (Nigeria)

178,472

Afar

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Afar

Afaria (Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea)

717,217

African Americans

Indo-European → Germanic → English → African-American English

American South(United States)

62,779,795

Afrikaners

Indo-European → Germanic → Dutch → Afrikaans

South Africa(Northern and Western Cape), Namibia

2,387,441

Agaw

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Agaw

Horn of Africa(Ethiopia, Eritrea)

2,041,412

Ahom

Kra–Dai → Tai → Ahom

Assam (India)

2,745,330

Aimaq

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Aimaq

Afghanistan

404,798

Akan

Niger–Congo → Potou-Tano → Central Tano → Akan

Ghana, Ivory Coast

17,589,784

Akha

Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Hanoid → Hani

Yunnan (China)

194,328

Albanians

Indo-European → Albanian

Albania, Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia

2,868,319

Ambundu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kimbundu

Angola

12,000,300

Amhara

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Amharic

Amharia (Ethiopia)

4,088,325

Amis

Austronesian → East Formosan → Amis

Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties)

238,607

Anuak

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Anuak

Anuakia (Ethiopia), Boma (South Sudan)

444,009

Apache

Dené–Yeniseian → Na-Dene → Apachean

Apacheria (United States)

20,792

Arabs

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic

Arabia (Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates)

301,363,220

Argobba

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Argobba

Ethiopia (Afar, Harari, Amhara, and Oromia Regions)

46,474

Armenians

Indo-European → Armenian

Greater Armenia(Armenia, Republic of Artsakh)

523,684

Aromanians

Indo-European → Romance → Aromanian

Balkans (Greece, Albania, Republic of Macedonia)

426,005

Asmat

Trans-New Guinea → Asmat

Asmatia (Indonesia)

38,373

Assyrians

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Assyria (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey)

3,004,491

Atoni

Austronesian → Timoric → Uab Meto

West Timor(Indonesia), Oecusse(East Timor)

563,179

Austrians

Indo-European → Germanic → High German → Austrian German

Austria

5,397,769

Avars

Northeast Caucasian → Avar–Andic → Avar

Avaristan (Russia)

36,075

Aymara

Aymaran → Aymara

Bolivia, Peru, Chile

939,628

Azerbaijanis

Turkic → Oghuz → Azerbaijani

Azerbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan province(Iran)

35,407,296

Bahnar

Austroasiatic → Bahnaric → Bahnar

Vietnam (Gia Lai and Kon Tum Provinces)

35,944

Balanta

Niger–Congo → Bak → Balanta

Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia

209,972

Balinese

Austronesian → Bali–Sasak–Sumbawa → Balinese

Bali (Indonesia)

76,275

Balkars

Turkic → Kipchak → Karachay-Balkar

Kabardino-Balkaria(Russia)

16,344

Balochis

Indo-European → Iranian → Balochi

Balochistan(Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan)

7,100,727

Balti

Sino-Tibetan → Tibetic → Ladakhi-Balti → Balti

Gilgit-Baltistan(Pakistan)

236,147

Bamars

Sino-Tibetan → Lolo-Burmese → Burmish → Burmese

Myanmar

22,521,069

Bambara

Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding → Bambara

Mali

170,549

Banda

Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Banda

Central African Republic, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo

770,159

Banjarese

Austronesian → Malayan → Banjarese

Indonesia (Banjar Regency, Banjarbaru, Banjarmasin)

4,552,720

Bari

Nilo-Saharan → Eastern Sudanic → Nilotic → Bari

South Sudan, Uganda

627,131

Bariba

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Savannas→ Bariba

Borgu (Benin, Nigeria)

482,517

Bassa

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Kru → Bassa

Bassaland (Liberia)

166,112

Bashkirs

Turkic → Kipchak → Bashkir

Bashkortostan(Russia)

1,043,438

Basques

Basque

Basque Country(Spain, France)

829,463

Batak

Austronesian → Northwest Sumatran → Batak

North Sumatra(Indonesia)

11,944,829

Beja

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Beja

Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea

1,094,291

Belarusians

Indo-European → Slavic → Belarusian

Belarus

8,885,508

Bembe

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Lega–Binja → Bembe

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania

445,571

Bengalis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bengali

Bengal (Bangladesh, India)

329,104,910

Berbers

Afroasiatic → Berber

Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania, Western Sahara)

9,370,907

Berta

Nilo-Saharan → Berta

Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia), South Sudan

477,982

Beti

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Beti

Cameroon

670,583

Bhils

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bhil

India (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharastra)

20,418,257

Bissa

Niger–Congo → Mande → Bissa

Burkina Faso

143,526

Boa

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bati–Angba → Bwa

Bas-Uele(Democratic Republic of the Congo)

142,386

Bodo

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Bodo

Bodoland (India)

2,123,842

Bosniaks

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Bosnian

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak (Serbia, Montenegro)

3,278,140

Bouyei

Kra–Dai → Tai → Bouyei

China

4,081,868

Brahuis

Dravidian → Brahui

Pakistan

1,263,959

Bretons

Indo-European → Celtic → Brittonic → Breton

Brittany (France)

8,163,275

Bubi

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bube

Bioko (Equatorial Guinea)

153,705

Budu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nyali → Budu

Wamba Territory(Democratic Republic of the Congo)

583,589

Bugis

Austronesian → South Sulawesi → Buginese

South Sulawesi(Indonesia)

1,142,666

Bulgarians

Indo-European → Slavic → Bulgarian

Bulgaria

8,198,779

Burusho

Burushaski

Gilgit-Baltistan(Pakistan)

75,844

Butonese

Austronesian → Celebic → Butonese

Buton (Indonesia)

469,854

Catalans

Indo-European → Romance → Catalan

Catalan Countries(Spain, France)

13,063,498

Chamorro

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Chamorro

Mariana Islands(United States)

8,779

Chams

Austronesian → Chamic → Cham

Champa (Cambodia, Vietnam)

326,192

Chechens

Northeast Caucasian → Nakh → Vainakh → Chechen

Chechnya (Russia)

2,150,504

Cherokee

Iroquoian → Cherokee

United States (North Carolina, Tennessee)

78,444

Chin

Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga → Kuki-Chin

Chin State (Myanmar)

512,945

Choctaw

Muskogean → Choctaw

Choctaw Nation(United States)

72,930

Chokwe

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Chokwe

Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia

13,483

Chutiya

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Deori

Assam (India)

190,236

Chuukese

Austronesian → Micronesian → Chuukic → Chuukese

Chuuk Lagoon(Federated States of Micronesia)

82,612

Chuvash

Turkic → Oghur → Chuvash

Chuvashia (Russia)

1,074,578

Circassians

Northwest Caucasian → Circassian

Circassia(Russia)

2,411,752

Chewa

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nyasa → Chewa

Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique

4,871,873

Cornish

Indo-European → Celtic → Brittonic → Cornish

Cornwall (United Kingdom)

6,323,148

Corsicans

Indo-European → Romance → Corsican

Corsica (France)

13,609

Cree

Algic → Algonquian → Cree

Creeland (Canada), Montana (United States)

236,142

Croats

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Croatian

Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina

7,112,766

Czechs

Indo-European → Slavic → Czech

Czech Republic

14,411,573

Dagaaba

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Dagaare

Ghana, Burkina Faso

918,173

Dagombas

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Dagbani

Kingdom of Dagbon(Ghana)

707,762

Damara

Khoe → Khoekhoe

Damaraland(Namibia)

300,240

Danes

Indo-European → Germanic → Danish

Denmark

6,537,857

Dargins

Northeast Caucasian → Dargin

Darginstan in Dagestan (Russia)

714,482

Dinka

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Dinka

Dinkaland (South Sudan)

2,357,690

Duala

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sawabantu → Duala

Littoral Region(Cameroon)

348,374

Dutch

Indo-European → Germanic → Dutch

Netherlands, Flanders(Belgium)

44,786,123

Dyula

Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding → Dyula

Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali

3,085,989

Ebira

Niger–Congo → Volta–Niger → Nupoid → Ebira

Kogi State (Nigeria)

2,580,572

Efik

Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ibibio-Efik → Efik

Cross River State(Nigeria)

443,966

Egyptians

Afroasiatic → Egyptian → Coptic

Egypt

58,559,566

Ekoi

Niger–Congo → Benue–Congo → Ekoid → Ekoi

Nigeria, Cameroon

179,894

English

Indo-European → Germanic → Anglic → English

England (United Kingdom)

202,080,314

Esan

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Edoid → Esan

Esanland (Nigeria)

785,533

Estonians

Uralic → Finnic → Estonian

Estonia

1,499,875

Evenks

Tungusic → Evenki

Evenkia (Russia)

148,169

Ewe

Niger–Congo → Gbe → Ewe

Togo, Ghana

6,767,374

Fang

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Beti → Fang

Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon

1,586,360

Fijians

Austronesian → Oceanic → Central Pacific → Fijian

Fiji

432,306

Finns

Uralic → Finnic → Finnish

Finland

7,825,821

Fon

Niger–Congo → Gbe → Fon

Dahomey (Benin)

2,161,529

French

Indo-European → Romance → oïl → French

France, Romandy(Switzerland), Wallonia-Brussels(Belgium), Aosta Valley (Italy)

114,314,184

Frisians

Indo-European → Germanic → Frisian

Frisia (Netherlands, Germany)

938,772

Friulians

Indo-European → Romance → Rhaeto-Romance → Friulian

Friuli (Italy)

625,514

Fula

Niger–Congo → Atlantic-Congo → Senegambian → Fula

West Africa (Guinea, Senegal, Mali)

11,380,061

Fur

Nilo-Saharan → Darfuran → Fur

Darfur (Sudan)

212,448

Ga-Adangbe

Niger–Congo → Kwa → Ga-Dangme

Greater Accra(Ghana)

3,137,825

Gagauz

Turkic → Oghuz → Gagauz

Gagauzia (Moldova), Budjak (Ukraine)

308,237

Galicians

Indo-European → Romance → Galician

Galicia (Spain)

404,406

Ganda

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Ganda

Buganda (Uganda)

6,729,443

Garifuna

Arawakan → Igneri → Garifuna

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

81,865

Garos

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Garo

Garo Hills (India)

3,592

Gbagyi

Niger–Congo → Volta–Niger → Nupoid → Gwari

Nigeria

1,163,878

Gedeo

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Gedeo

Gedeo Zone(Ethiopia)

1,161,761

Georgians

Kartvelian → Georgian

Georgia

7,244,855

Germans

Indo-European → Germanic → High German → German

Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein

81,207,595

Gola

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Gola

Liberia, Sierra Leone

184,099

Gonds

Dravidian → Gondi

India (Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh)

11,724,384

Gorontaloans

Austronesian → Gorontalo-Mongondow → Gorontaloan

Gorontalo (Indonesia)

1,176,590

Greeks

Indo-European → Greek

Greece, Cyprus

25,979,164

Guan

Niger–Congo → Potou-Tano → Guang

Ghana (Brong-Ahafoand Volta Regions)

1,382,310

Guaraní

Tupian → Tupi-Guarani → Guarani

Paraguay, Misiones(Argentina), Bolivia(Gran Chaco, Luis Calvo, Cordillera, Germán Busch), Brazil

3,814,025

Gujarati

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Gujarati

Gujarat (India)

65,106,655

Gumuz

Nilo-Saharan → Komuz → Gumuz

Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia)

5,913

Gurage

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Gurage

Guragia (Ethiopia)

1,968,547

Gurma

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Gurma

Gurmaland (Burkina Faso, Ghana)

911,133

Gurunsi

Niger–Congo → Gur → Gurunsi

Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo

1,675,143

Hajongs

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo–Garo → Hajong

India (Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal), Bangladesh

247,718

Han

Sino-Tibetan → Sinitic → Chinese

China

713,398,180

Hani

Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Hanoid → Hani

Yunnan (China)

592,602

Harari

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopian → Harari

Hararia (Ethiopia)

119,873

Hausa

Afroasiatic → Chadic → Hausa

Hausaland (Niger, Nigeria)

34,472,736

Hawaiians

Austronesian → Polynesian → Hawaiian

Hawaii (United States)

766,924

Hazaras

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Hazaragi

Hazarajat(Afghanistan)

3,195,961

Herero

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Herero

Hereroland (Namibia), Angola

136,916

Hmong

Hmong–Mien → Hmongic

China (Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Hainan, Guangdong, Hubei), Vietnam, Laos, Thailand

8,117,210

Huli

Trans–New Guinea → Engan → Huli

Southern Highlands Province (Papua New Guinea)

153,192

Hungarians

Uralic → Ugric → Hungarian

Hungary, Székely Land (Romania), Felvidék (Slovakia)

232,611

Hutu

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Rwanda-Rundi

Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

14,905,418

Ibibio

Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ibibio-Efik → Ibibio

Akwa Ibom State(Nigeria)

2,344,911

Icelanders

Indo-European → Germanic → Icelandic

Iceland

435,318

Igbo

Niger–Congo → Igboid → Igbo

Igboland (Nigeria)

20,691,459

Ijaw

Niger–Congo → Ijaw

Nigeria (Rivers, Bayelsa, and DeltaStates)

13,664,699

Ingush

Northeast Caucasian → Nakh → Vainakh → Ingush

Ingushetia (Russia)

396,385

Inuit

Eskimo–Aleut → Inuit

Greenland (Denmark), Canada (Nunavut, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, NunatuKavut), Alaska(United States)

240,936

Irish

Indo-European → Celtic → Goidelic → Irish

Ireland (Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom)

124,116,503

Iroquois

Iroquoian

Haudenosauneega (United States, Canada)

251,594

Italians

Indo-European → Romance → Italo-Dalmatian→ Italian

Italy, Ticino(Switzerland)

103,784,566

Japanese

Japonic → Japanese

Japan

133,519,100

Javanese

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Javanese

Java (Indonesia)

130,825,607

Jews

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Canaanite → Hebrew

Israel

14,417,747

Jingpo

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Jingpho

Kachin State(Myanmar), Yunnan(China)

643,379

Jola

Niger–Congo → Atlantic-Congo → Bak-Bijago→ Jola

Jolaland (Senegal)

716,933

Kadazan-Dusun

Austronesian → Dusunic languages

Sabah (Malaysia)

200,994

Kalanga

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Shona → Kalanga

Zimbabwe, Botswana

114,469

Kalenjin

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Nandi–Markweta

Rift Valley Province(Kenya)

950,824

Kamba

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kamba

Ukambani (Kenya)

3,808,512

Kanaks

Austronesian → Oceanic → Kanak

Kanakia (France)

142,883

Kannadigas

Dravidian → Kannada

Karnataka (India)

54,880,118

Kanuri

Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Kanuri

Kanuriland (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon)

9,165,505

Karachays

Turkic → Kipchak → Karachay-Balkar

Karachay-Cherkessia(Russia)

274,317

Karakalpaks

Turkic → Kipchak → Karakalpak

Karakalpakstan(Uzbekistan)

201,065

Karelians

Uralic → Finnic → Karelian

Karelia (Finland, Russia)

149,167

Karen

Sino-Tibetan → Karen

Karen State(Myanmar), Thailand

1,679,808

Kashmiris

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Dardic → Kashmiri

Kashmir (India, Pakistan)

10,461,448

Kashubians

Indo-European → Slavic → Pomeranian → Kashubian

Kashubia (Poland)

160,833

Kazakhs

Turkic → Kipchak → Kazakh

Kazakhstan

261,266

Khas

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Nepali

Nepal

16,200,715

Khakas

Turkic → Siberian Turkic → Khakas

Khakassia (Russia)

112,505

Khamti

Kra–Dai → Tai → Khamti

Myanmar, India

190,617

Khmer

Austroasiatic → Khmer

Cambodia

11,528,105

Kikuyu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kikuyu

Kenya

616,413

Kissi

Niger–Congo → Mel → Kissi

Guinea, Sierra Leone

881,153

Komi

Uralic → Permic → Komi

Komi Republic, Permyakia (Russia)

279,850

Konkani

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Konkani

Goa (India)

2,154,401

Kongo

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Kongo

Kongoland(Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola)

2,235,092

Konjo

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Konjo

Rwenzori Mountains(Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda)

2,075,308

Konso

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Konso

Konso special woreda(Ethiopia)

405,709

Koreans

Koreanic → Korean

Korea (North Korea, South Korea)

40,850,282

Kru

Niger–Congo → Kru → Klao

Liberia (Grand Kruand MarylandCounties)

475,529

Kumyks

Turkic → Kypchak → Kumyk

Kumykia (Russia)

388,936

Kunama

Nilo-Saharan → Kunama

Eritrea, Ethiopia

212,284

Kurds

Indo-European → Iranian → Kurdish

Kurdistan (Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria)

8,889,963

Kurukh

Dravidian → Kurukh

Chota Nagpur Plateau (India)

956,808

Kyrgyz

Turkic → Kipchak → Kyrgyz

Kyrgyzstan

3,585,270

Laks

Northeast Caucasian → Lak

Lakia in Dagestan(Russia)

252,079

Lampungs

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Lampung

Lampung (Indonesia)

1,747,239

Lao

Kra–Dai → Tai → Southwestern Tai → Lao

Laos, Isan (Thailand)

5,115,006

Latvians

Indo-European → Baltic → Latvian

Latvia

2,548,753

Laz

Kartvelian → Zan → Laz

Lazistan (Turkey, Georgia)

180,028

Lega

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Lega–Binja → Lega

Democratic Republic of the Congo

36,650

Lezgins

Northeast Caucasian → Lezgic → Lezgian

Lezgistan (Russia, Azerbaijan)

291,962

Li

Kra–Dai → Hlai

Hainan (China)

1,259,191

Limba

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Limba

Sierra Leone(Bombali and Koinadugu Districts)

445,483

Lisu

Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Lisoish → Lisu

China, Myanmar

1,386,663

Lithuanians

Indo-European → Baltic → Lithuanian

Lithuania

3,123,270

Luba

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Luban

Lubaland(Democratic Republic of the Congo)

9,854,240

Lumbee

Algic → Algonquian → Lumbee

Robeson County(United States)

138,929

Luo

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Luo

Kenya, Tanzania

5,105,954

Luxembourgers

Indo-European → Germanic → High German → Luxembourgish

Luxembourg, Arelerland (Belgium)

191,574

Lurs

Indo-European → Iranian → Luri

Iran

88,978

Maasai

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Eastern Nilotic → Maasai

Maasailand(Tanzania, Kenya)

2,276,904

Macedonians

Indo-European → Slavic → South Slavic → Macedonian

Republic of Macedonia

2,467,044

Madi

Nilo-Saharan → Central Sudanic → Moru–Madi→ Ma'di

Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda

183,750

Madurese

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Madurese

Madura(Indonesia)

1,230,569

Mafa

Afroasiatic → Chadic → Biu–Mandara → Mafa

Cameroon

1,195,291

Makassarese

Austronesian → Makassaric → Makassarese

South Sulawesi(Indonesia)

1,685,288

Malays

Austronesian → Malayan → Malay

Malay world(Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia)

52,767,006

Malayali

Dravidian → Tamil–Kannada → Malayalam

Kerala (India)

4,813,967

Maldivians

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Maldivian

Maldives

262,501

Maltese

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic → Maltese

Malta

394,441

Manchu

Tungusic → Manchu

Manchuria (China)

10,327,346

Mandinka

Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding

Mali, The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania

4,791,700

Manx

Indo-European → Celtic → Gaelic → Manx

Isle of Man

25,114

Māori

Austronesian → Polynesian → Māori

New Zealand

593,519

Mapuche

Araucanian → Mapudungun

Patagonia (Chile, Argentina)

1,857,133

Marathi

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Marathi

Maharashtra (India)

35,544,307

Mari

Uralic → Mari

Mari El (Russia)

609,145

Masa

Afroasiatic → Chadic → Masa

Cameroon, Chad

187,915

Masalit

Nilo-Saharan → Maban → Masalit

Sudan, Chad

181,571

Maya

Mayan

Guatemala, Belize, Mexico (Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Chiapas), Honduras, El Salvador

4,622,432

Mbaka

Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Ngbaka → Mbaka

Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo

458,546

Meitei

Sino-Tibetan → Meitei

Manipur (India)

1,851,274

Mende

Niger–Congo → Mande → Mende

Sierra Leone(Southern and Eastern Provinces)

2,392,312

Merina

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Malagasy

Antananarivo Province(Madagascar)

3,220,055

Mi'kmaq

Algic → Algonquian → Mi'kmaq

Mi'kma'ki (Canada)

274,372

Mien

Hmong–Mien → Mienic

China (Hunan, Guizhou), Vietnam

600,334

Mijikenda

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sabaki → Mijikenda

Coast Province(Kenya), Tanga Region (Tanzania)

1,031,608

Minahasan

Austronesian → Philippine → Minahasan

Minahassa Peninsula(Indonesia)

1,438,500

Minangkabau

Austronesian → Malayan → Minangkabau

Minangkabau Highlands(Indonesia)

10,608,257

Mising

Sino-Tibetan → Tani → Mising

India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh)

206,361

Miskito

Misumalpan → Miskito

Mosquito Coast(Nicaragua, Honduras)

198,644

Mixe

Mixe–Zoque → Mixean → Mixe

Oaxaca (Mexico)

135,594

Mixtec

Oto-Manguean → Mixtecan → Mixtec

La Mixteca (Mexico)

94,583

Mon

Austroasiatic → Monic → Mon

Mon State (Myanmar)

330,660

Mongo

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bangi-Ntomba → Mongo

Democratic Republic of the Congo(Équateur, Tshuapa, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi)

1,846,397

Mongols

Mongolic

China (Inner Mongolia, Dzungaria), Mongolia, Russia(Buryatia, Kalmykia)

7,228,546

Mongondow

Austronesian → Philippine → Mongondowic → Mongondow

Mongondowia(Indonesia)

211,673

Montenegrins

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Montenegrin

Montenegro

128,440

Mordvins

Uralic → Mordvinic

Mordovia (Russia)

765,623

Mossi

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Mossi

Mossiland (Burkina Faso)

6,507,266

Munanese

Austronesian → Celebic → Munanese

Muna (Indonesia)

13,824

Mundas

Austroasiatic → Munda → Mundari

India (Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal)

3,021,563

Murut

Austronesian → Southwest Sabahan → Murutic

Murutia (Malaysia)

51,930

Muscogee

Muskogean → Muscogee

United States(Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia)

38,041

Naga

Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga

Nagaland (India)

2,733,052

Nahuas

Uto-Aztecan → Nahuan → Nahuatl

Mexico (Mexico City, State of Mexico, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Hidalgo, Guerrero, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz)

244,821

Nama

Khoe → Khoekhoe

Namaland (Namibia), South Africa

27,398

Navajo

Dené–Yeniseian → Na-Dené → Apachean → Navajo

Navajo Nation(United States)

129,185

Ngaju

Austronesian → West Barito → Ngaju

Central Kalimantan(Indonesia)

1,417,597

Ngalop

Sino-Tibetan → Tibetic → Dzongkha

Bhutan

246,645

Nias

Austronesian → Northwest Sumatran → Nias

Nias island(Indonesia)

1,327,347

Nogais

Turkic → Kipchak → Nogai

Dagestan, Karachay-Cherkessia, Chechnya, Stavropol District, Astrakhan Oblast (Russia)

96,425

Norwegians

Indo-European → Germanic → Norwegian

Norway

2,939,698

Nubians

Nilo-Saharan → Nubian

Nubia (Egypt, Sudan)

3,245,655

Nuer

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Western Nilotic → Nuer

Nuerland (South Sudan)

18,966

Nuristanis

Indo-European → Indo-Iranian → Nuristani

Nuristan(Afghanistan)

462,805

Occitans

Indo-European → Romance → Occitan

Occitania (France, Italy, Spain)

13,396,822

Odia

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Odia

Odisha (India)

36,660,502

Ojibwe

Algic → Algonquian → Ojibwe

Anishinaabeland(Canada, United States)

149,366

Oromo

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Oromo

Oromia (Ethiopia), Kenya

24,131,568

Ossetians

Indo-European → Iranian → Ossetian

South Ossetia, North Ossetia-Alania(Russia)

1,162,732

Ot Danum

Austronesian → West Barito → Ot Danum

Indonesia (West and Central Kalimantan)

99,193

Otomi

Oto-Manguean → Otomian → Otomi

Mexico

12,316

Ovambo

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Oshiwambo

Ovamboland(Namibia), Angola

2,421,560

Ovimbundu

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Umbundu

Angola

4,024,250

Pa'O

Sino-Tibetan → Karenic → Pa'O

Myanmar

58,825

Palestinians

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic → Palestinian Arabic

State of Palestine, Israel

712,219

Pamiris

Indo-European → Iranian → Pamir

Pamir Mountains(Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China)

421,506

Papel

Niger–Congo → Senegambian → Bak → Papel

Biombo Region(Guinea-Bissau)

130,652

Pashayi

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Dardic → Pashayi

Afghanistan(Laghman, Kapisaand NangarharProvinces)

624,889

Pashtuns

Indo-European → Iranian → Pashto

Pashtunistan(Afghanistan, Pakistan)

44,725,242

Pende

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Pende → Pende

Democratic Republic of the Congo

422,304

Persians

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian

Iran

67,383,413

Poles

Indo-European → Slavic → West Slavic → Polish

Poland

2,941,867

Portuguese

Indo-European → Romance → Portuguese

Portugal

307,171,975

Punjabis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Punjabi

Punjab (Pakistan, India)

19,139,954

Purépecha

Purépecha

Michoacán (Mexico)

21,517

Qashqai

Turkic → Oghuz → Qashqai

Iran

970,677

Quechua

Quechuan

Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador

3,158,951

Rajbongshi

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo–Garo → Koch

India (Assam, West Bengal)

1,520,516

Rakhine

Sino-Tibetan → Tibeto-Burman → Burmish → Rakhinenese

Rakhine State(Myanmar)

4,874,660

Rejangese

Austronesian → Bidayuh → Rejang

Rejang Lebong Regency (Indonesia)

1,317,641

Rohingyas

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Rohingya

Rakhine State(Myanmar)

2,013,237

Roma

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Romani

Europe (Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Slovakia, Czech Republic)

18,085,146

Romanians

Indo-European → Romance → Romanian

Romania, Moldova

211,760

Russians

Indo-European → Slavic → East Slavic → Russian

Russia

129,380,087

Ryukyuans

Japonic → Ryukyuan

Ryukyu islands(Japan)

2,123,150

Rusyns

Indo-European → Slavic → Rusyn

Carpathian Ruthenia(Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland)

88,711

Saho

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Saho

Eritrea

86,951

Sama-Bajau

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Sama–Bajaw

Maritime Southeast Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei)

1,494,968

Sambal

Austronesian → Philippine → Sambalic

Zambales(Philippines)

82,056

Sami

Uralic → Finno-Ugric → Sami

Sápmi (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia)

106,402

Samoans

Austronesian → Polynesian → Samoan

Samoan Islands(Samoa, American Samoa)

389,284

San

Kx'a

Southern Africa(Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Angola)

134,741

Sangirese

Austronesian → Philippine → Sangiric → Sangirese

Sangihe Islands(Indonesia)

17,804

Santal

Austroasiatic → Munda → Santali

India (Jharkhand, Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha), Bangladesh

1,195,673

Sara

Nilo-Saharan → Bongo–Bagirmi → Sara

Chad, Central African Republic

3,517,878

Sardinians

Indo-European → Romance → Sardinian

Sardinia (Italy)

1,782,454

Sasak

Austronesian → Bali–Sasak–Sumbawa → Sasak

Lombok (Indonesia)

727,573

Savu

Austronesian → Sumba–Flores → Sumba → Hawu

Savu (Indonesia)

97,525

Scots

Indo-European → Celtic → Goidelic → Scottish Gaelic

Scotland (United Kingdom)

34,558,600

Senufo

Niger–Congo → Senufo

Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso

2,884,208

Serbs

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Serbian

Serbia, Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Montenegro

12,906,564

Serer

Niger–Congo → Senegambian → Serer

Senegal

2,136,405

Shan

Kra–Dai → Tai → Southwestern Tai → Shan

Shan State(Myanmar)

8,016,525

Shilluk

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Shilluk

South Sudan

1,594,233

Shona

Niger–Congo→ Bantu → Shona

Mashonaland(Zimbabwe)

775,418

Sibe

Tungusic → Xibe

China (Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang)

158,642

Sidama

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Sidaama

Sidamia (Ethiopia)

8,848,473

Siddi

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Swahili → Sidi

Pakistan(Baluchistan, Sindh), India (Karnataka, Gujarat, Hyderabad)

93,903

Silesians

Indo-European → Slavic → Lechitic → Silesian

Silesia (Poland), Czech Silesia (Czech Republic)

1,965,589

Silt'e

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopian Semitic → Silt'e

Siltia (Ethiopia)

1,015,318

Sindhis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sindhi

Sindh (Pakistan)

8,267,734

Sinhalese

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sinhalese

Sri Lanka

8,720,479

Sioux

Siouan → Sioux

Lakota (United States)

243,314

Slovaks

Indo-European → Slavic → Slovak

Slovakia

2,622,816

Slovenes

Indo-European → Slavic → South Slavic → Slovene

Slovenia

244,896

Soga

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Great Lakes Bantu → Soga

Busoga (Uganda)

591,991

Somalis

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Somali

Greater Somalia(Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya)

11,280,491

Songhai

Nilo-Saharan → Songhai

Mali, Niger

5,856,733

Soninke

Niger–Congo → Mande → Soninke

Mali

1,481,505

Sotho

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sotho-Tswana → Sotho

Free State (South Africa), Lesotho

4,958,095

Spaniards

Indo-European → Romance → Spanish

Spain

574,705,831

Sui

Kra–Dai → Kam–Sui → Sui

Sandu Shui Autonomous County(China)

140,570

Sumba

Austronesian → Sumba–Flores → Sumba

Sumba (Indonesia)

398,828

Sundanese

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Sundanese

Java (Indonesia)

49,176,115

Sukuma

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sukuma

Tanzania

1,473,093

Surma

Nilo-Saharan → Eastern Sudanic → Surmic

Ethiopia, South Sudan

117,130

Susu

Niger–Congo → Mande → Susu

Guinea, Kambia(Sierra Leone)

1,318,500

Swahili

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sabaki → Swahili

Swahili coast (Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros)

520,288

Swazi

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Swazi

Mpumalanga (South Africa), Eswatini

1,629,208

Swedes

Indo-European → Germanic → North Germanic→ Swedish

Sweden

7,358,897

Sylhetis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sylheti

Bangladesh, India(West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya)

17,953,415

Tabasaran

Northeast Caucasian → Samur → Tabasaranese

Tabasaranstan(Russia)

272,217

Tagalogs

Austronesian → Philippine → Tagalog

Philippines

35,508,706

Tahitians

Austronesian → Polynesian → Tahitian

Tahiti (France)

118,368

Tajiks

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Tajik

Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

3,559,820

Talysh

Indo-European → Indo-Iranian → Iranian → Talysh

Azerbaijan, Iran

98,859

Tama

Nilo-Saharan → Eastern Sudanic → Taman → Tama

Chad, Sudan

473,991

Tamils

Dravidian → Tamil–Kannada → Tamil

Tamil Nadu (India), Sri Lanka (Northernand EasternProvinces)

75,874,410

Tankas

Sino-Tibetan → Sinitic → Chinese → Yue Chinese

China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, Zhejiang, Hong Kong, Macau)

4,975,961

Tatars

Turkic → Kipchak → Tatar

Tatarstan (Russia)

4,455,137

Telugu

Dravidian → Telugu

India (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana)

107,140,875

Temne

Niger–Congo → Mel → Temne

Sierra Leone

1,204,114

Thais

Kra–Dai → Tai → Southwestern Tai → Thai

Thailand

22,871,314

Tibetans

Sino-Tibetan → Bodish → Tibetic

Tibet (China)

7,117,737

Tigrayans

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Tigrinya

Eritrea, Tigrayia(Ethiopia)

1,119,519

Tigre

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Tigre

Eritrea

1,121,559

Tiv

Niger–Congo → Tivoid → Tiv

Benue State (Nigeria)

60,866

Tiwa

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Tiwa

India (Assam, Meghalaya)

170,802

Toraja

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Toraja

Tana Toraja(Indonesia)

156,794

Toubou

Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Tebu

Toubouland (Chad, Niger, Sudan, Libya)

1,044,659

Tripuri

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Kokborok

Tripura (India)

506,870

Tsonga

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Tswa-Ronga → Tsonga

Mozambique (MaputoCity and Maputo Province, Gaza Province), South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga)

5,918,885

Tswana

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sotho-Tswana → Tswana

South Tswanaland(South Africa), Botswana

5,037,805

Turkana

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Eastern Nilotic → Turkana

Turkanaland (Kenya)

714,380

Turks

Turkic → Oghuz → Turkish

Turkey

85,397,604

Turkmens

Turkic → Oghuz → Turkmen

Turkmenistan

8,156,807

Tutsi

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Rwanda-Rundi

Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

2,012,467

Tuvans

Turkic → Siberian → Tuvan

Tuva (Russia)

398,268

Twa

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Rwanda-Rundi

Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

10,643

Udmurts

Uralic → Permic → Udmurt

Udmurtia (Russia)

832,058

Urhobos

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Edoid → Urhobo

Delta State (Nigeria)

1,348,601

Ukrainians

Indo-European → Slavic → Ukrainian

Ukraine

44,819,967

Uyghurs

Turkic → Karluk → Uyghur

Uyghuristan (China)

8,415,816

Uzbeks

Turkic → Karluk → Uzbek

Uzbekistan

24,984,460

Venda

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Tshivenda

Vendaland (South Africa)

762,038

Vietnamese

Austroasiatic → Vietic → Vietnamese

Vietnam

115,855,268

Visayans

Austronesian → Philippine → Visayan

Visayas (Philippines)

33,964,017

Wa

Austroasiatic → Palaungic → Waic → Wa

Wa State (Myanmar)

26,683

Welayta

Afroasiatic → Omotic → Ometo → Wolayitta

Wolayitia (Ethiopia)

2,147,236

Welsh

Indo-European → Celtic → Brittonic → Welsh

Wales (United Kingdom)

23,704,270

Wolof

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Senegambian → Wolof

Senegambia(Senegal, The Gambia)

386,990

Xhosa

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Xhosa

Xhosaland (South Africa)

10,827,877

Yakuts

Turkic → Siberian Turkic → Yakut

Yakutia (Russia)

126,503

Yao

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Rufiji–Ruvuma → Yao

Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania (Ruvumaand Mtwara Regions)

1,757,731

Yi

Sino-Tibetan → Lolo-Burmese → Lolish → Nuosu

China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi)

4,759,286

Yoruba

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Yoruboid → Yoruba

Yorubaland (Nigeria, Benin)

29,664,436

Zaghawa

Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Zaghawa

Chad

243,645

Zande

Niger–Congo → Zande

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan

821,705

Zapotec

Oto-Manguean → Zapotecan

Oaxaca (Mexico)

775,803

Zhuang

Kra–Dai → Tai → Zhuang

Zhuangia (China)

20,503,743

Zulu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Zulu

KwaZulu-Natal(South Africa)

1,522,042

Read dispatch


Name

Native language (primary language)

Primary Homeland

Population

Han

Sino-Tibetan → Sinitic → Chinese

China

713,398,180

Spaniards

Indo-European → Romance → Spanish

Spain

574,705,831

Bengalis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bengali

Bengal (Bangladesh, India)

329,104,910

Portuguese

Indo-European → Romance → Portuguese

Portugal

307,171,975

Arabs

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic

Arabia (Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates)

301,363,220

English

Indo-European → Germanic → Anglic → English

England (United Kingdom)

202,080,314

Japanese

Japonic → Japanese

Japan

133,519,100

Javanese

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Javanese

Java (Indonesia)

130,825,607

Russians

Indo-European → Slavic → East Slavic → Russian

Russia

129,380,087

Irish

Indo-European → Celtic → Goidelic → Irish

Ireland (Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom)

124,116,503

Vietnamese

Austroasiatic → Vietic → Vietnamese

Vietnam

115,855,268

French

Indo-European → Romance → oïl → French

France, Romandy (Switzerland), Wallonia-Brussels (Belgium), Aosta Valley (Italy)

114,314,184

Telugu

Dravidian → Telugu

India (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana)

107,140,875

Italians

Indo-European → Romance → Italo-Dalmatian→ Italian

Italy, Ticino (Switzerland)

103,784,566

Turks

Turkic → Oghuz → Turkish

Turkey

85,397,604

Germans

Indo-European → Germanic → High German → German

Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein

81,207,595

Tamils

Dravidian → Tamil–Kannada → Tamil

Tamil Nadu (India), Sri Lanka (Northernand EasternProvinces)

75,874,410

Persians

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian

Iran

67,383,413

Gujarati

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Gujarati

Gujarat (India)

65,106,655

African Americans

Indo-European → Germanic → English → African-American English

American South (United States)

62,779,795

Egyptians

Afroasiatic → Egyptian → Coptic

Egypt

58,559,566

Kannadigas

Dravidian → Kannada

Karnataka (India)

54,880,118

Malays

Austronesian → Malayan → Malay

Malay world (Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia)

52,767,006

Sundanese

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Sundanese

Java (Indonesia)

49,176,115

Ukrainians

Indo-European → Slavic → Ukrainian

Ukraine

44,819,967

Dutch

Indo-European → Germanic → Dutch

Netherlands, Flanders (Belgium)

44,786,123

Pashtuns

Indo-European → Iranian → Pashto

Pashtunistan (Afghanistan, Pakistan)

44,725,242

Koreans

Koreanic → Korean

Korea (North Korea, South Korea)

40,850,282

Odia

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Odia

Odisha (India)

36,660,502

Marathi

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Marathi

Maharashtra (India)

35,544,307

Tagalogs

Austronesian → Philippine → Tagalog

Philippines

35,508,706

Azerbaijanis

Turkic → Oghuz → Azerbaijani

Azerbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan province (Iran)

35,407,296

Scots

Indo-European → Celtic → Goidelic → Scottish Gaelic

Scotland (United Kingdom)

34,558,600

Hausa

Afroasiatic → Chadic → Hausa

Hausaland (Niger, Nigeria)

34,472,736

Visayans

Austronesian → Philippine → Visayan

Visayas (Philippines)

33,964,017

Yoruba

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Yoruboid → Yoruba

Yorubaland (Nigeria, Benin)

29,664,436

Greeks

Indo-European → Greek

Greece, Cyprus

25,979,164

Uzbeks

Turkic → Karluk → Uzbek

Uzbekistan

24,984,460

Oromo

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Oromo

Oromia (Ethiopia), Kenya

24,131,568

Welsh

Indo-European → Celtic → Brittonic → Welsh

Wales (United Kingdom)

23,704,270

Thais

Kra–Dai → Tai → Southwestern Tai → Thai

Thailand

22,871,314

Bamars

Sino-Tibetan → Lolo-Burmese → Burmish → Burmese

Myanmar

22,521,069

Igbo

Niger–Congo → Igboid → Igbo

Igboland (Nigeria)

20,691,459

Zhuang

Kra–Dai → Tai → Zhuang

Zhuangia (China)

20,503,743

Bhils

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Bhil

India (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharastra)

20,418,257

Punjabis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Punjabi

Punjab (Pakistan, India)

19,139,954

Roma

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Romani

Europe (Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Slovakia, Czech Republic)

18,085,146

Sylhetis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sylheti

Bangladesh, India (West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya)

17,953,415

Akan

Niger–Congo → Potou-Tano → Central Tano → Akan

Ghana, Ivory Coast

17,589,784

Khas

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Nepali

Nepal

16,200,715

Hutu

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Rwanda-Rundi

Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

14,905,418

Jews

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Canaanite → Hebrew

Israel

14,417,747

Czechs

Indo-European → Slavic → Czech

Czech Republic

14,411,573

Ijaw

Niger–Congo → Ijaw

Nigeria (Rivers, Bayelsa, and DeltaStates)

13,664,699

Occitans

Indo-European → Romance → Occitan

Occitania (France, Italy, Spain)

13,396,822

Catalans

Indo-European → Romance → Catalan

Catalan Countries (Spain, France)

13,063,498

Serbs

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Serbian

Serbia, Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Montenegro

12,906,564

Ambundu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kimbundu

Angola

12,000,300

Batak

Austronesian → Northwest Sumatran → Batak

North Sumatra (Indonesia)

11,944,829

Gonds

Dravidian → Gondi

India (Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh)

11,724,384

Khmer

Austroasiatic → Khmer

Cambodia

11,528,105

Fula

Niger–Congo → Atlantic-Congo → Senegambian → Fula

West Africa (Guinea, Senegal, Mali)

11,380,061

Somalis

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Somali

Greater Somalia (Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya)

11,280,491

Xhosa

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Xhosa

Xhosaland (South Africa)

10,827,877

Minangkabau

Austronesian → Malayan → Minangkabau

Minangkabau Highlands (Indonesia)

10,608,257

Kashmiris

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Dardic → Kashmiri

Kashmir (India, Pakistan)

10,461,448

Manchu

Tungusic → Manchu

Manchuria (China)

10,327,346

Luba

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Luban

Lubaland (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

9,854,240

Berbers

Afroasiatic → Berber

Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania, Western Sahara)

9,370,907

Kanuri

Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Kanuri

Kanuriland (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon)

9,165,505

Kurds

Indo-European → Iranian → Kurdish

Kurdistan (Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria)

8,889,963

Belarusians

Indo-European → Slavic → Belarusian

Belarus

8,885,508

Sidama

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Sidaama

Sidamia (Ethiopia)

8,848,473

Sinhalese

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sinhalese

Sri Lanka

8,720,479

Uyghurs

Turkic → Karluk → Uyghur

Uyghuristan (China)

8,415,816

Sindhis

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Sindhi

Sindh (Pakistan)

8,267,734

Bulgarians

Indo-European → Slavic → Bulgarian

Bulgaria

8,198,779

Bretons

Indo-European → Celtic → Brittonic → Breton

Brittany (France)

8,163,275

Turkmens

Turkic → Oghuz → Turkmen

Turkmenistan

8,156,807

Hmong

Hmong–Mien → Hmongic

China (Guizhou, Hunan, Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi, Hainan, Guangdong, Hubei), Vietnam, Laos, Thailand

8,117,210

Shan

Kra–Dai → Tai → Southwestern Tai → Shan

Shan State (Myanmar)

8,016,525

Finns

Uralic → Finnic → Finnish

Finland

7,825,821

Swedes

Indo-European → Germanic → North Germanic→ Swedish

Sweden

7,358,897

Georgians

Kartvelian → Georgian

Georgia

7,244,855

Mongols

Mongolic

China (Inner Mongolia, Dzungaria), Mongolia, Russia (Buryatia, Kalmykia)

7,228,546

Tibetans

Sino-Tibetan → Bodish → Tibetic

Tibet (China)

7,117,737

Croats

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Croatian

Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina

7,112,766

Balochis

Indo-European → Iranian → Balochi

Balochistan (Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan)

7,100,727

Ewe

Niger–Congo → Gbe → Ewe

Togo, Ghana

6,767,374

Ganda

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Ganda

Buganda (Uganda)

6,729,443

Danes

Indo-European → Germanic → Danish

Denmark

6,537,857

Mossi

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Mossi

Mossiland (Burkina Faso)

6,507,266

Cornish

Indo-European → Celtic → Brittonic → Cornish

Cornwall (United Kingdom)

6,323,148

Tsonga

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Tswa-Ronga → Tsonga

Mozambique (MaputoCity and Maputo Province, Gaza Province), South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga)

5,918,885

Songhai

Nilo-Saharan → Songhai

Mali, Niger

5,856,733

Austrians

Indo-European → Germanic → High German → Austrian German

Austria

5,397,769

Lao

Kra–Dai → Tai → Southwestern Tai → Lao

Laos, Isan (Thailand)

5,115,006

Luo

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Luo

Kenya, Tanzania

5,105,954

Tswana

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sotho-Tswana → Tswana

South Tswanaland (South Africa), Botswana

5,037,805

Tankas

Sino-Tibetan → Sinitic → Chinese → Yue Chinese

China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, Zhejiang, Hong Kong, Macau)

4,975,961

Sotho

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sotho-Tswana → Sotho

Free State (South Africa), Lesotho

4,958,095

Rakhine

Sino-Tibetan → Tibeto-Burman → Burmish → Rakhinenese

Rakhine State (Myanmar)

4,874,660

Chewa

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nyasa → Chewa

Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique

4,871,873

Malayali

Dravidian → Tamil–Kannada → Malayalam

Kerala (India)

4,813,967

Mandinka

Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding

Mali, The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania

4,791,700

Yi

Sino-Tibetan → Lolo-Burmese → Lolish → Nuosu

China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi)

4,759,286

Maya

Mayan

Guatemala, Belize, Mexico (Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Chiapas), Honduras, El Salvador

4,622,432

Banjarese

Austronesian → Malayan → Banjarese

Indonesia (Banjar Regency, Banjarbaru, Banjarmasin)

4,552,720

Tatars

Turkic → Kipchak → Tatar

Tatarstan (Russia)

4,455,137

Amhara

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Amharic

Amharia (Ethiopia)

4,088,325

Bouyei

Kra–Dai → Tai → Bouyei

China

4,081,868

Ovimbundu

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Umbundu

Angola

4,024,250

Guaraní

Tupian → Tupi-Guarani → Guarani

Paraguay, Misiones (Argentina), Bolivia (Gran Chaco, Luis Calvo, Cordillera, Germán Busch), Brazil

3,814,025

Kamba

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kamba

Ukambani (Kenya)

3,808,512

Kyrgyz

Turkic → Kipchak → Kyrgyz

Kyrgyzstan

3,585,270

Tajiks

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Tajik

Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan

3,559,820

Sara

Nilo-Saharan → Bongo–Bagirmi → Sara

Chad, Central African Republic

3,517,878

Acehnese

Austronesian → Chamic → Acehnese

Aceh (Indonesia)

3,420,838

Bosniaks

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Bosnian

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak (Serbia, Montenegro)

3,278,140

Nubians

Nilo-Saharan → Nubian

Nubia (Egypt, Sudan)

3,245,655

Merina

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Malagasy

Antananarivo Province (Madagascar)

3,220,055

Hazaras

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Hazaragi

Hazarajat (Afghanistan)

3,195,961

Quechua

Quechuan

Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador

3,158,951

Ga-Adangbe

Niger–Congo → Kwa → Ga-Dangme

Greater Accra (Ghana)

3,137,825

Lithuanians

Indo-European → Baltic → Lithuanian

Lithuania

3,123,270

Dyula

Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding → Dyula

Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali

3,085,989

Mundas

Austroasiatic → Munda → Mundari

India (Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal)

3,021,563

Assyrians

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

Assyria (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey)

3,004,491

Poles

Indo-European → Slavic → West Slavic → Polish

Poland

2,941,867

Norwegians

Indo-European → Germanic → Norwegian

Norway

2,939,698

Senufo

Niger–Congo → Senufo

Mali, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso

2,884,208

Albanians

Indo-European → Albanian

Albania, Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia

2,868,319

Ahom

Kra–Dai → Tai → Ahom

Assam (India)

2,745,330

Naga

Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga

Nagaland (India)

2,733,052

Slovaks

Indo-European → Slavic → Slovak

Slovakia

2,622,816

Ebira

Niger–Congo → Volta–Niger → Nupoid → Ebira

Kogi State (Nigeria)

2,580,572

Latvians

Indo-European → Baltic → Latvian

Latvia

2,548,753

Macedonians

Indo-European → Slavic → South Slavic → Macedonian

Republic of Macedonia

2,467,044

Ovambo

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Oshiwambo

Ovamboland (Namibia), Angola

2,421,560

Circassians

Northwest Caucasian → Circassian

Circassia (Russia)

2,411,752

Mende

Niger–Congo → Mande → Mende

Sierra Leone (Southern and Eastern Provinces)

2,392,312

Afrikaners

Indo-European → Germanic → Dutch → Afrikaans

South Africa (Northern and Western Cape), Namibia

2,387,441

Dinka

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Dinka

Dinkaland (South Sudan)

2,357,690

Ibibio

Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ibibio-Efik → Ibibio

Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria)

2,344,911

Maasai

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Eastern Nilotic → Maasai

Maasailand (Tanzania, Kenya)

2,276,904

Kongo

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Kongo

Kongoland (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola)

2,235,092

Fon

Niger–Congo → Gbe → Fon

Dahomey (Benin)

2,161,529

Konkani

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Konkani

Goa (India)

2,154,401

Chechens

Northeast Caucasian → Nakh → Vainakh → Chechen

Chechnya (Russia)

2,150,504

Welayta

Afroasiatic → Omotic → Ometo → Wolayitta

Wolayitia (Ethiopia)

2,147,236

Serer

Niger–Congo → Senegambian → Serer

Senegal

2,136,405

Bodo

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Bodo

Bodoland (India)

2,123,842

Ryukyuans

Japonic → Ryukyuan

Ryukyu islands (Japan)

2,123,150

Konjo

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Konjo

Rwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda)

2,075,308

Agaw

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Agaw

Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea)

2,041,412

Rohingyas

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Rohingya

Rakhine State (Myanmar)

2,013,237

Tutsi

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Rwanda-Rundi

Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

2,012,467

Gurage

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Gurage

Guragia (Ethiopia)

1,968,547

Silesians

Indo-European → Slavic → Lechitic → Silesian

Silesia (Poland), Czech Silesia (Czech Republic)

1,965,589

Mapuche

Araucanian → Mapudungun

Patagonia (Chile, Argentina)

1,857,133

Meitei

Sino-Tibetan → Meitei

Manipur (India)

1,851,274

Mongo

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bangi-Ntomba → Mongo

Democratic Republic of the Congo (Équateur, Tshuapa, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi)

1,846,397

Sardinians

Indo-European → Romance → Sardinian

Sardinia (Italy)

1,782,454

Yao

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Rufiji–Ruvuma → Yao

Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania (Ruvumaand Mtwara Regions)

1,757,731

Lampungs

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Lampung

Lampung (Indonesia)

1,747,239

Makassarese

Austronesian → Makassaric → Makassarese

South Sulawesi (Indonesia)

1,685,288

Karen

Sino-Tibetan → Karen

Karen State (Myanmar), Thailand

1,679,808

Gurunsi

Niger–Congo → Gur → Gurunsi

Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo

1,675,143

Swazi

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Swazi

Mpumalanga (South Africa), Eswatini

1,629,208

Shilluk

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Shilluk

South Sudan

1,594,233

Fang

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Beti → Fang

Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon

1,586,360

Zulu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nguni → Zulu

KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa)

1,522,042

Rajbongshi

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo–Garo → Koch

India (Assam, West Bengal)

1,520,516

Estonians

Uralic → Finnic → Estonian

Estonia

1,499,875

Sama-Bajau

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Sama–Bajaw

Maritime Southeast Asia (Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei)

1,494,968

Soninke

Niger–Congo → Mande → Soninke

Mali

1,481,505

Sukuma

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sukuma

Tanzania

1,473,093

Minahasan

Austronesian → Philippine → Minahasan

Minahassa Peninsula (Indonesia)

1,438,500

Ngaju

Austronesian → West Barito → Ngaju

Central Kalimantan (Indonesia)

1,417,597

Lisu

Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Lisoish → Lisu

China, Myanmar

1,386,663

Guan

Niger–Congo → Potou-Tano → Guang

Ghana (Brong-Ahafoand Volta Regions)

1,382,310

Urhobos

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Edoid → Urhobo

Delta State (Nigeria)

1,348,601

Nias

Austronesian → Northwest Sumatran → Nias

Nias island (Indonesia)

1,327,347

Susu

Niger–Congo → Mande → Susu

Guinea, Kambia (Sierra Leone)

1,318,500

Rejangese

Austronesian → Bidayuh → Rejang

Rejang Lebong Regency (Indonesia)

1,317,641

Brahuis

Dravidian → Brahui

Pakistan

1,263,959

Li

Kra–Dai → Hlai

Hainan (China)

1,259,191

Madurese

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Madurese

Madura (Indonesia)

1,230,569

Temne

Niger–Congo → Mel → Temne

Sierra Leone

1,204,114

Santal

Austroasiatic → Munda → Santali

India (Jharkhand, Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha), Bangladesh

1,195,673

Mafa

Afroasiatic → Chadic → Biu–Mandara → Mafa

Cameroon

1,195,291

Gorontaloans

Austronesian → Gorontalo-Mongondow → Gorontaloan

Gorontalo (Indonesia)

1,176,590

Gbagyi

Niger–Congo → Volta–Niger → Nupoid → Gwari

Nigeria

1,163,878

Ossetians

Indo-European → Iranian → Ossetian

South Ossetia, North Ossetia-Alania (Russia)

1,162,732

Gedeo

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Gedeo

Gedeo Zone (Ethiopia)

1,161,761

Bugis

Austronesian → South Sulawesi → Buginese

South Sulawesi (Indonesia)

1,142,666

Tigre

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopic → Tigre

Eritrea

1,121,559

Tigrayans

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Tigrinya

Eritrea, Tigrayia (Ethiopia)

1,119,519

Beja

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Beja

Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea

1,094,291

Chuvash

Turkic → Oghur → Chuvash

Chuvashia (Russia)

1,074,578

Toubou

Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Tebu

Toubouland (Chad, Niger, Sudan, Libya)

1,044,659

Bashkirs

Turkic → Kipchak → Bashkir

Bashkortostan (Russia)

1,043,438

Mijikenda

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sabaki → Mijikenda

Coast Province (Kenya), Tanga Region (Tanzania)

1,031,608

Silt'e

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopian Semitic → Silt'e

Siltia (Ethiopia)

1,015,318

Qashqai

Turkic → Oghuz → Qashqai

Iran

970,677

Kurukh

Dravidian → Kurukh

Chota Nagpur Plateau (India)

956,808

Kalenjin

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Nandi–Markweta

Rift Valley Province (Kenya)

950,824

Aymara

Aymaran → Aymara

Bolivia, Peru, Chile

939,628

Frisians

Indo-European → Germanic → Frisian

Frisia (Netherlands, Germany)

938,772

Dagaaba

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Dagaare

Ghana, Burkina Faso

918,173

Acoli

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Acoli

Acoliland (Uganda, South Sudan)

914,430

Gurma

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Gurma

Gurmaland (Burkina Faso, Ghana)

911,133

Kissi

Niger–Congo → Mel → Kissi

Guinea, Sierra Leone

881,153

Udmurts

Uralic → Permic → Udmurt

Udmurtia (Russia)

832,058

Basques

Basque

Basque Country (Spain, France)

829,463

Zande

Niger–Congo → Zande

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, South Sudan

821,705

Esan

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Edoid → Esan

Esanland (Nigeria)

785,533

Zapotec

Oto-Manguean → Zapotecan

Oaxaca (Mexico)

775,803

Shona

Niger–Congo→ Bantu → Shona

Mashonaland (Zimbabwe)

775,418

Banda

Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Banda

Central African Republic, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo

770,159

Hawaiians

Austronesian → Polynesian → Hawaiian

Hawaii (United States)

766,924

Mordvins

Uralic → Mordvinic

Mordovia (Russia)

765,623

Venda

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Tshivenda

Vendaland (South Africa)

762,038

Sasak

Austronesian → Bali–Sasak–Sumbawa → Sasak

Lombok (Indonesia)

727,573

Afar

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Afar

Afaria (Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea)

717,217

Jola

Niger–Congo → Atlantic-Congo → Bak-Bijago→ Jola

Jolaland (Senegal)

716,933

Dargins

Northeast Caucasian → Dargin

Darginstan in Dagestan (Russia)

714,482

Turkana

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Eastern Nilotic → Turkana

Turkanaland (Kenya)

714,380

Palestinians

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic → Palestinian Arabic

State of Palestine, Israel

712,219

Dagombas

Niger–Congo → Gur → Oti–Volta → Dagbani

Kingdom of Dagbon (Ghana)

707,762

Beti

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Beti

Cameroon

670,583

Jingpo

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Jingpho

Kachin State (Myanmar), Yunnan (China)

643,379

Bari

Nilo-Saharan → Eastern Sudanic → Nilotic → Bari

South Sudan, Uganda

627,131

Friulians

Indo-European → Romance → Rhaeto-Romance → Friulian

Friuli (Italy)

625,514

Pashayi

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Dardic → Pashayi

Afghanistan (Laghman, Kapisaand NangarharProvinces)

624,889

Kikuyu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Kikuyu

Kenya

616,413

Mari

Uralic → Mari

Mari El (Russia)

609,145

Mien

Hmong–Mien → Mienic

China (Hunan, Guizhou), Vietnam

600,334

Māori

Austronesian → Polynesian → Māori

New Zealand

593,519

Hani

Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Hanoid → Hani

Yunnan (China)

592,602

Soga

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Great Lakes Bantu → Soga

Busoga (Uganda)

591,991

Budu

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Nyali → Budu

Wamba Territory (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

583,589

Atoni

Austronesian → Timoric → Uab Meto

West Timor (Indonesia), Oecusse (East Timor)

563,179

Armenians

Indo-European → Armenian

Greater Armenia (Armenia, Republic of Artsakh)

523,684

Swahili

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sabaki → Swahili

Swahili coast (Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Comoros)

520,288

Chin

Sino-Tibetan → Kuki-Chin–Naga → Kuki-Chin

Chin State (Myanmar)

512,945

Tripuri

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Kokborok

Tripura (India)

506,870

Bariba

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Savannas→ Bariba

Borgu (Benin, Nigeria)

482,517

Berta

Nilo-Saharan → Berta

Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia), South Sudan

477,982

Kru

Niger–Congo → Kru → Klao

Liberia (Grand Kruand MarylandCounties)

475,529

Tama

Nilo-Saharan → Eastern Sudanic → Taman → Tama

Chad, Sudan

473,991

Butonese

Austronesian → Celebic → Butonese

Buton (Indonesia)

469,854

Nuristanis

Indo-European → Indo-Iranian → Nuristani

Nuristan (Afghanistan)

462,805

Mbaka

Niger–Congo → Ubangian → Ngbaka → Mbaka

Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo

458,546

Bembe

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Lega–Binja → Bembe

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania

445,571

Limba

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Limba

Sierra Leone (Bombali and Koinadugu Districts)

445,483

Anuak

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Luo → Anuak

Anuakia (Ethiopia), Boma (South Sudan)

444,009

Efik

Niger–Congo → Cross River → Ibibio-Efik → Efik

Cross River State (Nigeria)

443,966

Icelanders

Indo-European → Germanic → Icelandic

Iceland

435,318

Fijians

Austronesian → Oceanic → Central Pacific → Fijian

Fiji

432,306

Aromanians

Indo-European → Romance → Aromanian

Balkans (Greece, Albania, Republic of Macedonia)

426,005

Pende

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Pende → Pende

Democratic Republic of the Congo

422,304

Pamiris

Indo-European → Iranian → Pamir

Pamir Mountains (Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China)

421,506

Konso

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Konso

Konso special woreda (Ethiopia)

405,709

Aimaq

Indo-European → Iranian → Persian → Aimaq

Afghanistan

404,798

Galicians

Indo-European → Romance → Galician

Galicia (Spain)

404,406

Sumba

Austronesian → Sumba–Flores → Sumba

Sumba (Indonesia)

398,828

Tuvans

Turkic → Siberian → Tuvan

Tuva (Russia)

398,268

Ingush

Northeast Caucasian → Nakh → Vainakh → Ingush

Ingushetia (Russia)

396,385

Maltese

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Arabic → Maltese

Malta

394,441

Samoans

Austronesian → Polynesian → Samoan

Samoan Islands (Samoa, American Samoa)

389,284

Kumyks

Turkic → Kypchak → Kumyk

Kumykia (Russia)

388,936

Wolof

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Senegambian → Wolof

Senegambia (Senegal, The Gambia)

386,990

Duala

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Sawabantu → Duala

Littoral Region (Cameroon)

348,374

Mon

Austroasiatic → Monic → Mon

Mon State (Myanmar)

330,660

Chams

Austronesian → Chamic → Cham

Champa (Cambodia, Vietnam)

326,192

Gagauz

Turkic → Oghuz → Gagauz

Gagauzia (Moldova), Budjak (Ukraine)

308,237

Abkhazians

Northwest Caucasian → Abazgi → Abkhaz

Abkhazia

301,391

Damara

Khoe → Khoekhoe

Damaraland (Namibia)

300,240

Lezgins

Northeast Caucasian → Lezgic → Lezgian

Lezgistan (Russia, Azerbaijan)

291,962

Komi

Uralic → Permic → Komi

Komi Republic, Permyakia (Russia)

279,850

Mi'kmaq

Algic → Algonquian → Mi'kmaq

Mi'kma'ki (Canada)

274,372

Karachays

Turkic → Kipchak → Karachay-Balkar

Karachay-Cherkessia (Russia)

274,317

Tabasaran

Northeast Caucasian → Samur → Tabasaranese

Tabasaranstan (Russia)

272,217

Maldivians

Indo-European → Indo-Aryan → Maldivian

Maldives

262,501

Kazakhs

Turkic → Kipchak → Kazakh

Kazakhstan

261,266

Laks

Northeast Caucasian → Lak

Lakia in Dagestan (Russia)

252,079

Iroquois

Iroquoian

Haudenosauneega (United States, Canada)

251,594

Hajongs

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo–Garo → Hajong

India (Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal), Bangladesh

247,718

Ngalop

Sino-Tibetan → Tibetic → Dzongkha

Bhutan

246,645

Slovenes

Indo-European → Slavic → South Slavic → Slovene

Slovenia

244,896

Nahuas

Uto-Aztecan → Nahuan → Nahuatl

Mexico (Mexico City, State of Mexico, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Hidalgo, Guerrero, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz)

244,821

Zaghawa

Nilo-Saharan → Saharan → Zaghawa

Chad

243,645

Sioux

Siouan → Sioux

Lakota (United States)

243,314

Inuit

Eskimo–Aleut → Inuit

Greenland (Denmark), Canada (Nunavut, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, NunatuKavut), Alaska (United States)

240,936

Amis

Austronesian → East Formosan → Amis

Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties)

238,607

Balti

Sino-Tibetan → Tibetic → Ladakhi-Balti → Balti

Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan)

236,147

Cree

Algic → Algonquian → Cree

Creeland (Canada), Montana (United States)

236,142

Hungarians

Uralic → Ugric → Hungarian

Hungary, Székely Land (Romania), Felvidék (Slovakia)

232,611

Fur

Nilo-Saharan → Darfuran → Fur

Darfur (Sudan)

212,448

Kunama

Nilo-Saharan → Kunama

Eritrea, Ethiopia

212,284

Romanians

Indo-European → Romance → Romanian

Romania, Moldova

211,760

Mongondow

Austronesian → Philippine → Mongondowic → Mongondow

Mongondowia (Indonesia)

211,673

Adjoukrou

Niger–Congo → Kwa → Adjukru

Dabou (Ivory Coast)

211,027

Balanta

Niger–Congo → Bak → Balanta

Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia

209,972

Mising

Sino-Tibetan → Tani → Mising

India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh)

206,361

Karakalpaks

Turkic → Kipchak → Karakalpak

Karakalpakstan (Uzbekistan)

201,065

Kadazan-Dusun

Austronesian → Dusunic languages

Sabah (Malaysia)

200,994

Miskito

Misumalpan → Miskito

Mosquito Coast (Nicaragua, Honduras)

198,644

Akha

Sino-Tibetan → Loloish → Hanoid → Hani

Yunnan (China)

194,328

Luxembourgers

Indo-European → Germanic → High German → Luxembourgish

Luxembourg, Arelerland (Belgium)

191,574

Khamti

Kra–Dai → Tai → Khamti

Myanmar, India

190,617

Chutiya

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Deori

Assam (India)

190,236

Masa

Afroasiatic → Chadic → Masa

Cameroon, Chad

187,915

Gola

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Gola

Liberia, Sierra Leone

184,099

Madi

Nilo-Saharan → Central Sudanic → Moru–Madi→ Ma'di

Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda

183,750

Masalit

Nilo-Saharan → Maban → Masalit

Sudan, Chad

181,571

Laz

Kartvelian → Zan → Laz

Lazistan (Turkey, Georgia)

180,028

Ekoi

Niger–Congo → Benue–Congo → Ekoid → Ekoi

Nigeria, Cameroon

179,894

Afemai

Niger–Congo → Volta-Niger → Edoid → Afenmai

Edo State (Nigeria)

178,472

Tiwa

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Tiwa

India (Assam, Meghalaya)

170,802

Bambara

Niger–Congo → Mande → Manding → Bambara

Mali

170,549

Bassa

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Kru → Bassa

Bassaland (Liberia)

166,112

Kashubians

Indo-European → Slavic → Pomeranian → Kashubian

Kashubia (Poland)

160,833

Sibe

Tungusic → Xibe

China (Liaoning, Jilin, Xinjiang)

158,642

Toraja

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Toraja

Tana Toraja (Indonesia)

156,794

Bubi

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bube

Bioko (Equatorial Guinea)

153,705

Huli

Trans–New Guinea → Engan → Huli

Southern Highlands Province (Papua New Guinea)

153,192

Ojibwe

Algic → Algonquian → Ojibwe

Anishinaabeland (Canada, United States)

149,366

Karelians

Uralic → Finnic → Karelian

Karelia (Finland, Russia)

149,167

Evenks

Tungusic → Evenki

Evenkia (Russia)

148,169

Bissa

Niger–Congo → Mande → Bissa

Burkina Faso

143,526

Kanaks

Austronesian → Oceanic → Kanak

Kanakia (France)

142,883

Boa

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Bati–Angba → Bwa

Bas-Uele (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

142,386

Sui

Kra–Dai → Kam–Sui → Sui

Sandu Shui Autonomous County (China)

140,570

Lumbee

Algic → Algonquian → Lumbee

Robeson County (United States)

138,929

Herero

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Herero

Hereroland (Namibia), Angola

136,916

Mixe

Mixe–Zoque → Mixean → Mixe

Oaxaca (Mexico)

135,594

San

Kx'a

Southern Africa (Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Angola)

134,741

Papel

Niger–Congo → Senegambian → Bak → Papel

Biombo Region (Guinea-Bissau)

130,652

Navajo

Dené–Yeniseian → Na-Dené → Apachean → Navajo

Navajo Nation (United States)

129,185

Montenegrins

Indo-European → Slavic → Serbo-Croatian → Montenegrin

Montenegro

128,440

Yakuts

Turkic → Siberian Turkic → Yakut

Yakutia (Russia)

126,503

Harari

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Ethiopian → Harari

Hararia (Ethiopia)

119,873

Tahitians

Austronesian → Polynesian → Tahitian

Tahiti (France)

118,368

Surma

Nilo-Saharan → Eastern Sudanic → Surmic

Ethiopia, South Sudan

117,130

Kalanga

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Shona → Kalanga

Zimbabwe, Botswana

114,469

Khakas

Turkic → Siberian Turkic → Khakas

Khakassia (Russia)

112,505

Sami

Uralic → Finno-Ugric → Sami

Sápmi (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia)

106,402

Ot Danum

Austronesian → West Barito → Ot Danum

Indonesia (West and Central Kalimantan)

99,193

Talysh

Indo-European → Indo-Iranian → Iranian → Talysh

Azerbaijan, Iran

98,859

Savu

Austronesian → Sumba–Flores → Sumba → Hawu

Savu (Indonesia)

97,525

Nogais

Turkic → Kipchak → Nogai

Dagestan, Karachay-Cherkessia, Chechnya, Stavropol District, Astrakhan Oblast (Russia)

96,425

Mixtec

Oto-Manguean → Mixtecan → Mixtec

La Mixteca (Mexico)

94,583

Siddi

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Swahili → Sidi

Pakistan (Baluchistan, Sindh), India (Karnataka, Gujarat, Hyderabad)

93,903

Lurs

Indo-European → Iranian → Luri

Iran

88,978

Rusyns

Indo-European → Slavic → Rusyn

Carpathian Ruthenia (Ukraine, Slovakia, Poland)

88,711

Saho

Afroasiatic → Cushitic → Saho

Eritrea

86,951

Chuukese

Austronesian → Micronesian → Chuukic → Chuukese

Chuuk Lagoon (Federated States of Micronesia)

82,612

Sambal

Austronesian → Philippine → Sambalic

Zambales (Philippines)

82,056

Garifuna

Arawakan → Igneri → Garifuna

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

81,865

Cherokee

Iroquoian → Cherokee

United States (North Carolina, Tennessee)

78,444

Balinese

Austronesian → Bali–Sasak–Sumbawa → Balinese

Bali (Indonesia)

76,275

Burusho

Burushaski

Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan)

75,844

Choctaw

Muskogean → Choctaw

Choctaw Nation (United States)

72,930

Tiv

Niger–Congo → Tivoid → Tiv

Benue State (Nigeria)

60,866

Pa'O

Sino-Tibetan → Karenic → Pa'O

Myanmar

58,825

Murut

Austronesian → Southwest Sabahan → Murutic

Murutia (Malaysia)

51,930

Argobba

Afroasiatic → Semitic → Argobba

Ethiopia (Afar, Harari, Amhara, and Oromia Regions)

46,474

Asmat

Trans-New Guinea → Asmat

Asmatia (Indonesia)

38,373

Muscogee

Muskogean → Muscogee

United States (Alabama, Tennessee, Georgia)

38,041

Lega

Niger–Congo → Bantu → Lega–Binja → Lega

Democratic Republic of the Congo

36,650

Avars

Northeast Caucasian → Avar–Andic → Avar

Avaristan (Russia)

36,075

Bahnar

Austroasiatic → Bahnaric → Bahnar

Vietnam (Gia Lai and Kon Tum Provinces)

35,944

Nama

Khoe → Khoekhoe

Namaland (Namibia), South Africa

27,398

Wa

Austroasiatic → Palaungic → Waic → Wa

Wa State (Myanmar)

26,683

Manx

Indo-European → Celtic → Gaelic → Manx

Isle of Man

25,114

Purépecha

Purépecha

Michoacán (Mexico)

21,517

Apache

Dené–Yeniseian → Na-Dene → Apachean

Apacheria (United States)

20,792

Nuer

Nilo-Saharan → Nilotic → Western Nilotic → Nuer

Nuerland (South Sudan)

18,966

Sangirese

Austronesian → Philippine → Sangiric → Sangirese

Sangihe Islands (Indonesia)

17,804

Balkars

Turkic → Kipchak → Karachay-Balkar

Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia)

16,344

Abazins

Northwest Caucasian → Abazgi → Abaza

Abazinia (Russia)

15,240

Munanese

Austronesian → Celebic → Munanese

Muna (Indonesia)

13,824

Corsicans

Indo-European → Romance → Corsican

Corsica (France)

13,609

Chokwe

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Chokwe

Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia

13,483

Otomi

Oto-Manguean → Otomian → Otomi

Mexico

12,316

Twa

Niger–Congo → Atlantic–Congo → Bantu → Rwanda-Rundi

Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

10,643

Chamorro

Austronesian → Malayo-Polynesian → Chamorro

Mariana Islands (United States)

8,779

Gumuz

Nilo-Saharan → Komuz → Gumuz

Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia)

5,913

Garos

Sino-Tibetan → Sal → Bodo-Garo → Garo

Garo Hills (India)

3,592

Read dispatch




Population – Citizenship-Foreigner Status

The Citizenship Pie Chart. LinkBigger image here.

The third pie chart and classification of data offers better readability, as well as explaining the percentage of the demographics in a brief but concise manner. After the terraforming was done and everyone united under one roof, the original 500,000+ people are known as Valentians, regardless of their race, language, or religion. While they are allowed to practice their own traditions and customs without any interference, the Valentians began to call themselves just that and in fact were rather comfortable with the label. The Valentian citizenship is an easy process, though for now, a Valentian is defined as:

  • Being originally chosen as one of the 500,000 persons by General Valentijn himself.

  • One of the original survivors of the old-world apocalypse, or a descendant of a survivor.

  • Having obtained Permanent Residence for at least 4 years, AND with the fit and young adults (both male and females) having been served in a year-long conscription.

  • Having contributed to one of the many state-run industries for at least 5 years.

It is important to note that these conditions are not exhaustive, and that it can change anytime, though mostly for the better. Under the Valentian Law, it is legal for its citizens to hold dual (or more) citizens to other worlds and world’s countries, since the Valentians are aware of the parallel nature of the multiverse, as well as having access to dimensional portals should one desires to travel outside of Valentine Z. The Valentian Citizenship itself is easy to apply, and only takes one’s fingerprint, iris scan, a VIC (Valentian Identity Card), and past criminal records (if any) in order to apply for it.
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Population – Age Distribution

The Age Distribution. LinkBigger image here.

[More details to be added later]
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Language
Valkyrie Sprak – De Jazyk ov de Ljudi / The Language of the People.

Valentine Z, being a multicultural, multinational, and multiracial supernation, is committed to preserving the languages of the old world, as well as the possible evolution of the new ones. For governmental function, as well for official business with other parallel worlds, English Language is still used as the standard for the human-populated worlds, as well as with some extra-terrestrial races and civilizations.

While the Valentians are free to use their own language as they please, the official functions and most of the labels and graphical interfaces run on Valkyrie Sprak by default - a conlang that was proposed by the combined effort of Vice Foresittend Jolyn, and Lead Ambassador Germaine, in order to bring the world languages closer in on supercombined language. The result is a language that has the grammatical structure of English, as well as the nouns, adjectives, and verbs changing according to the subject-based nature of it. For instance, Biology-based words will either be in Russian, Ukrainian, or Croatian, while anything concerning the concept of mechanics of physics will use German, owing to the engineering-oriented nature of the populace in the olden world.

More details about Valkyrie Sprak can be found here:

Valkyrie Språk (formerly known as Valerian, Val-li-ree-yan) is a constructed quilt language of English-Luxembourgish, and in turn made up of several other languages. The languages used depend on the subject of the word in the sentences. Its syntax structure is of Modern English.

So far,

1. Physics and Time use Dutch and Flemish ( Vlaams ).

2. Infrastructure, Transportation and Mechanics will use German.

3. Videography and Photography terms (including movie terms) in Norwegian (Bokmål and Nynorsk) and Danish.

4. Mathematics in French, Portuguese, Romanian.

5. Chemistry terminology in Indonesian, Malay and Amharic.

6. Biology, Botany and Zoology are in Russian, Ukrainian and Croatian.

7. Linguistic, Knowledge-based terms and Literature are in Czech, Polish and Slovak.

8. Law and Politics are in Luxembourgish and Latin.

9. Anthropology and Sociology are in Icelandic, Swedish and Maori.

10. Economics are in Turkish, Hungarian and Slovenian.

11. Military terms in Georgian, Lithuanian, Latvian and Armenian.

12. Religion in Burmese, Sanskrit and Pali.

13. Feelings, emotions (Happiness, Sadness, Anger, etc.) and “intangible qualities” are in French, Spanish, Gaelic (Irish) and Japanese.

14. Food and Home Economics are in Tamil, Punjabi and Swahili.

15. Computer/Tech terminology is in Finnish, Hindi and Anglo-Saxon English (a.k.a. Old English).

16. Music/Audio terminology are in Esperanto, Nepali and Italian.

17. Sports in Estonian, Greek and Serbian.

18. Geography/Buildings in Xhosa, Afrikaans and Welsh.

19. Art and Entertainment terms in Chinese and Korean, and Mongolian.

20. Fashion terms (such as clothing) are in and Khmer, Vietnamese and Thai.

21. History in Arabic, Persian and Hebrew.

22. Grammatical articles, conversational words and basically the main frame are mainly in Luxembourgish, Dutch, Icelandic and English.

23. Vulgarities are in any language… Feel free to use your own colorful vocabulary.

24. Any other languages can be inserted, be it ancient or modern, fictional or non-fictional.

In an event where there’s no classification or the classification is ambiguous for that word, any closest language may be used. E.g. Heart can be either under
Biology or Feelings, depending on context. All the non-Latin languages (i.e. those that do not use latin alphabets) will be Romanized. Nouns are capitalised just
like German. Machine translations are made more accurate, since only 1-4 word are translated per language.

For example,

English: Your lust for love is immeasurable.
Valerian: Ihr Lussuria fyrir Amor est onmetelijk.
Just one out of hundreds of possible translations.

English: Valentine Z’s country has 6 million people.
Valerian: Valentine Z’s Landsort quod six milioane Lidé.

English: Hello ! Thank you for trying to reach me. Unfortunately, I am not free at the moment. Send me a message.
Valerian: Ahoj ! Merci fir yrittää ze pahunch mech. Ar an drochuair, Ech sinn net liber momenteel. Ærendian mech un Viesti.

English: Men talk of killing time, while time quietly kills them. ~Dion Boucicault
Valerian: Muži praten van doden Tijd, terwijl Zäit mallaŭte uergt Ils. ~Dion Boucicault

English: It’s the journey in-between that makes it fun.
Valerian: Het is der Reis zwischendurch datt provést To spraoi.

Katy Perry - Verjaardag

Ech sentito du bass kanji rien ass gaand helder,
Firwat net dir looss mech stop kom langs.
De klok est tiktakas, boxestopp aus vun tijd,
Zo wij soll fiesta de hele nacht.

Zo dekke är oči, ech hunn een sorpresa,
Ech vona dir gekregen eng zdrowy appetit.
Wann dir wellen tanzen, wann dir querer et toate,
Dir wëssen datt ech sinn de djevojka dat dir soll rufen.

Jongen, wanneer du bass mat ik, ech well geben dir un bragð,
Machen et wëll är verjaardag elke dag.
Ik shiru dir gustar et ljuv, sou dir kann haben jouw kaka,
Gi jy quelque chose buen ze celebrar.

Zo delat' een negai,
Ech well maken et sicut är verjaardag elke dag.
Ech well worden är regalo,
Gi jy quelque chose buen ze celebrar.

Schiocco är saegjong-i jogag, schiocco är Pérignon,
Sou heet an zwaar, tot dageraad.
Ech krut dir spinnen, wëll eng palla da discoteca.
Ech wil hebben jim ludanta swój kanto.

Mir sinn život der zhizn', mir sinn doen et correct,
Du bass nu goen ginn insatisfecho.
Wann du wellen danco, wann du wëllen et tout,
Dir wëssen ech sinn de dívka dat dir soll soittaa.

Jongen, wanneer du bass mat ik, ech well geben dir un bragð,
Machen et wëll är verjaardag elke dag.
Ik shiru dir gustar et ljuv, sou dir kann haben jouw kaka,
Gi jy quelque chose buen ze celebrar.

Zo delat' een negai,
Ech well maken et sicut är verjaardag elke dag.
Ech well worden är regalo,
Gi jy quelque chose buen ze celebrar.

Alles Guddes fir de Gebuertsdag !

Sou looss mech kritt dir vun äre narozeniny oblek,
Et ass tijd ze herausbringen de grote belon.
Sou looss mech kritt dir vun äre narozeniny oblek,
Et ass tijd ze herausbringen de grote belon.

Jongen, wanneer du bass mat ik, ech well geben dir un bragð,
Machen et wëll är verjaardag elke dag.
Ik shiru dir gustar et ljuv, sou dir kann haben jouw kaka,
Gi jy quelque chose buen ze celebrar.

Zo delat' een negai,
Ech well maken et sicut är verjaardag elke dag.
Ech well worden är regalo,
Gi jy quelque chose buen ze celebrar.

Read factbook


Conversation 1 - Clarissa and Clementine

English Language.

Valkyrie Sprak.

Clarissa: Hello, Clementine!

Clementine: Hello to you, Clarissa! How have you been, my old friend?

Clarissa: I’m fine, thanks for asking! How about you?

Clementine: Yes, I have been fine too. I’m trying to juggle my part-time job with my school work. It’s been rather hectic for these past few weeks, but it’s fine now.

Clarissa: Ah, I see. I’m glad to hear that you’re coping well. As for me, I am currently only occupied with my studies in university. I have not found a job just yet.

Clementine: I see… Say, do you want to grab a cup of coffee or something? I know a place just around the block there.

Clarissa: Sure! I am on my lunch break, so I am all right with it.

(The two girls went for the morning coffee at a local café.)

Clarissa: Ooh, looks nice! It’s at least better than your typical coffee chain, in terms of atmosphere. The prices are a little too high though.

Clementine: Yep! I guess that’s what happens to the little guys when they have to try to compete against the larger corporations. They need to make up for it with the higher prices.

Clarissa: The taste isn’t that bad though. So, what brings you to this part of the town?

Clementine: Ah, nothing much. Got this little errand from my company, to deliver this package to Mr. Alan.

Clarissa: Is it like a courier company?

Clementine: Not really. Mainly office work where it typically involves me sorting out the paperwork.

Clarissa: Hmm, no offense, but is it why you’re only doing this part time? Your full time job will be much more adventurous than this, isn’t it?

Clementine: You know me so well, Clarissa! Yes, I am going to be a freelance photographer. I will then travel around the world and take photos.

Clarissa: Sounds nice to me! As for me, I thought about becoming a pilot, like a commercial one. Unfortunately, my fear of heights literally grounded my dreams.

Clementine: Maybe you can still join the Air Force? As in, maybe you can become their technician or something like that?

Clarissa: I’ll pass. It will just make me feel more envious towards those that have, you know, no fear of heights?

Clementine: Hmm, fair point. So, you’re planning to take up botany? You have a love for flowers too!

Clarissa: Yep, that’s what I am thinking of too. Botanist Clarissa, at your service!

Clementine: Don’t you want to overcome your fear though?

Clarissa: I really tried, Clementine. It did not work too well; every time I subjected myself to great heights and falls, like bungee jumping, I nearly ended up getting a heart attack. It never improves.

Clementine: That’s quite unfortunate. Hope that one day you will be able to overcome that.

Clarissa: Thanks, Clementine! And thanks for the meet up today! It’s quite a meaningful one. I hope you get the full-time job that you’re looking for.

Clementine: Same here. Goodness, it’s been a few months since we last met each other. Let’s hope to see each other again in the future.

Clarissa: Farewell for now, and see you soon!

Clementine: Goodbye!

Clarissa: Hallo, Clementine !

Clementine: Hallo to Jij, Clarissa ! Hvernig avez Jij geweest, mijn oud Vinkona ?

Clarissa: Ik sinn bien, Danke fir žádat ! Wéi over Jij ?

Clementine: Da, Ik sinn geweest bien asemenea. Ik sinn versuchen zu jonglieren mijn deeltijd Iş com mijn Pracy Szkoły. Het is geweest éischter memagurushī fir dës afgelopen Weken, mä Het is bueno nu.

Clarissa: Ah, Ech gesinn. Ik ben alegre ze ascoltare datt Jij zijn zvládání très bien. Als fir Me, Ik sinn momenteel numai belegt met mijn Štúdie in Uniwersytet. Ik heb niet gevind een Munka net.

Clementine: Ech gesinn … Zo, doe Jij falta ze erhalten een Tasse ov Kāpi of Quelque Chose ? Ik wiedzieć een Indawo net om die Blok daar.

Clarissa: Natuurlijk ! Ik sinn op mijn Laca Pauze, zo Ik sinn in Ordnung avec Ça.

(De deux Mädchen ging fir de Morgen-Kāpi by een plasslike Kaḥpē Kaṭai.)

Clarissa: Ooh, haar Róngmào ass agréable ! Het ass pelo menos meilleur comparat cu Är typisch Kāphī Cēna, am Sënn vun Bun-Wigi. De Árak sinn un peu trop haut obwuel.

Clementine: Ja ! Ik odgadnąć datt is wat gebeurt ze de azıcık Şirketler wanneer Si müssen ze versuchen ze concurreren géint de größer Korporacije. Si necesitar ze pótolni mat de plus haute Fiyatlar.

Clarissa: De Ladha is niet datt slecht obwuel. Zo, wat bringt Jij ze hierdie Deel van die Dorp ?

Clementine: Ah, näischt méi. Gekregen dëst klein Küldetés aus mijn Združba, ze liefern dëst Paketas zo Mr. Alan.

Clarissa: Is Het ähnleche ze een Futár Združba ?

Clementine: Niet wierklech. Principalement Ügyintézés wou Het tipic felur Me zortéieren de Papírování.

Clarissa: Hmm, kee Gestéiert gehofft, mä is Het waarom Jij bass só tun dëst deeltijd ? Är full-time Munka zal zijn beaucoup plus parátolmos decât Dëst, ass Het niet ?

Clementine: Jij vědět Me zo goed, Clarissa ! Da, Ik sinn gehen zu werden een Serbest Çalışan Fotograf. Ik wil dan reis om die Wereld et Tage billeder.

Clarissa: Suona bene ! Als fir Mij, Ik dumal over réckelt een Pilóta, datt is, een Közforgalmú Pilóta. Malheureusement, mijn Kōsho Kyōfushō doslovně geerdet mijn Snovi.

Clementine: Vläicht Jij kan nog įstoti Gaisa Spēki ? Datt is, vläicht Jij kan warden hir Tēkinīsīyani of Ceva zoals Datt ?

Clarissa: Aucune chance. Het wil juste machen Me kanjiru más envidioso auf Deene datt hebben, Jij weess, aucun Hoogtevrees ?

Clementine: Hmm, juste point. Zo, Jij sinn planning ze zająć Botanika ? Jij hebben een amor fir Kvity aussi !

Clarissa: Ja, datt is wat Ik ben mišljenje aussi. Botanik Clarissa, op Är Szolgáltatás !

Clementine: Wil Jij niet wilt surmonter jouw Temor obwuel ?

Clarissa: Ik wierklech bewährt, Clementine. Het is niet wirksam helemaal; elke keer Ik ausgesetzt Mezelf ze große Höhen et Stürze, wëll Bandži Skakanje, Ik aproape landen met een Infarkt. Het nooit melhorar.

Clementine: Datt is assez malheureux. Esperar datte een Dag Jij wil worden fähig ze überwinden Datt.

Clarissa: Danke, Clementine ! Et Danke fir de Möte Vandaag ! Het is assez een þýðingarmikill Un. Ik esperar Jij bekommen de full-time Munka datt Jij sinn suchen.

Clementine: Même hier. Bon Dieu, Het is geweest quelques Maanden sinds Wij voorgaand treffen Varandra. Loss Eis esperar ze aantreffen Varandra encore in de Toekomst.

Clarissa: Äddi fir Nu, et tot zien !

Clementine: Vaarwel !

Read factbook

Valkyrie Sprak is spoken by 99.5% of the Valentian populace, while a good percentage of the foreigners were also taking up classes. Due to the combined nature of it, it was considered rather difficult for an outsider to comprehend it fully, though it is still possible that the person will be able to grasp a few words here and there if they speak one of the many languages used in it. Overall, Valkyrie Sprak is considered a Category VII language, taking at least a good 7000 class hours (291 RL Earth days of continuous listening to learning materials) to master it.



Religion

Breakdown of the population by religion. LinkBigger version here.

The overall religious composition of Valentine Z has changed over the years from the pre-Valentian era, with many religions seeing a lot more followers, while others have seen a sharp or a large decrease. Buddhism, (specifically Theravada Buddhism), has seen a large increase in the number and percentage of followers, from the old-world era’s 7% to a 26.0%, as well as Shinto, Sufism, Confucian, and Baha’I, amongst many others, seeing an overall increase, though not as large as Buddhism itself. On the other hand, Christianity has seen a halving of its number of followers, from a former 33% down to a 16.0%. Islam took the largest drop from 24.1% to 1.1% of the world population, with most of it followers converting to Sufism. Hinduism also took a drop from 15% to 1.1%, though not as large as many other religions.

The main drive for the change of religion is largely unknown, though several small reasons have been found – from Valentians abandoning the religions of the olden days, to following the modernised religions that would be more suited for following in the Valentian era. It was initially pointed to the lack of religious and teaching material for the declining religions, but it was known that most of the artefacts, sacred books, and any other materials, made it in safe hands to Valentine Z; they simply lost the appeal, whatever they may be.

There was a slight increase in Satanism (specifically LaVeyan Satanism) to a 0.9% of the total Valentian population, though it was cited and clarified that its followers mean no harm to anyone else, and that they would simply like to follow their own sets of beliefs. This is also on the grounds that none of the religions can conduct animal or human sacrifices.

Due to the Valentian Laws promoting acceptance and discouraging religious defamations and arguments, every Valentian, regardless of the religious background, were known to be tolerant and compassionate towards one another, preferring to cast aside their differences to see each other as the fellow humans they are.



Race
The races of Valentine Z are diverse, having all of the 5 categories and in turn exercising acceptance towards one another regardless of race.

Due to the nature of some of the Valentians, there has been a differentiation between humans, and of other races, if possible. The known races of Valentine Z are as follows:

  • Human – American Indian or Alaska Native

  • Human – Asian

  • Human – Black or African American

  • Human – Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander

  • Human – White

  • Artificial Intelligence – Along with the humans, they too were given the same amount of rights, though a random check can be done in order to check for tempered bots or sabotaging units.

  • Unknown – The Void – This only consists of one 2nd Lt. Sylvie so far, and given her status as an otherworldly person, it is difficult to determine her exact origin, while she still deserves the rights of a Valentian.

  • Anthromorphic Animals – These are characters such as 2nd Sgt. Kostas and 4th Sgt. Harris, non-human species whereby they have managed to achieve human-level intelligence through a medium. The medium is not the utmost importance, and instead the emphasis is given on the fact that they are as human as one can be, mentally speaking, and thus were given the same rights.



Largest Cities
Note that while the country of each of the cities are given, they are all ultimately under Valentine Z as of the time of writing.

Rank

City

Population

Country of Origin

1

Yangon (Capital of Valentine Z)

16,544,852

Burma

2

Moscow

15,238,410

Russia

3

Cairo

14,593,421

Egypt

4

Istanbul

14,505,874

Turkey

5

Tokyo

14,256,469

Japan

6

Shanghai

12,992,675

China

7

New York City

12,516,244

United States of America

8

London

11,504,578

United Kingdom

9

Hong Kong

10,216,628

Hong Kong

10

Mumbai

10,205,904

India

11

Seoul

9,709,937

Korea

12

São Paulo

9,659,213

Brazil

13

Ho Chi Minh City

9,621,911

Vietnam

14

Bangkok

9,034,920

Thailand

15

Jakarta

8,507,622

Indonesia

16

Rome

7,327,768

Italy

17

Paris

6,856,186

France

18

Oslo

6,378,777

Norway

19

Singapore

6,079,648

Singapore

20

Amsterdam

5,170,494

Netherlands

Government


De Sierlijke und Verwonderlijk Feline Utopia et its Heerlijke Autonomous Opperheerschappij ov Valentine Z runs on Autocracy, despite the outside beliefs that Valentine Z is a democratic nation. That is, due to the biology of the Valentians, as well as with Valentijn’s perceived immortality, it is near-impossible to run for an office or for a presidency. There are no political parties save for the official government, since no one feel the need to create one and in order to challenge the current ruling part of Valentians. The Valentian Army and The Valentian Government are not divided clearly, and they would see each other mixed up in each other’s businesses.

General Valentijn is a one good example, whereby he holds the highest power in terms of the Valentian Government, as well as having the highest authority in the Valentian Army. He is thus dubbed as the most powerful (and a little insane) person to control the whole world except Australia, with every action dictated by himself. With that said, Valentijn does not exercise much authority, and apart from those that tried to defy or challenge his appointment in the office, would generally leave the people at peace and would allow them a high level of civil rights, with somewhat intermediate level of economic rights; it was simply the political freedom that he brings down to, with the most of the other roles filled up by close acquittances of his, even if most roles are coincidentally filled in order of meritocracy – it just so happens that his friends are capable of each of the roles, such as an Ambassador, a Diplomat, and so on..

General Valentijn and Chief Aviator Gwen control the entire world, effectively speaking, though there indeed are several autonomous nations and regions that operates under Valentine Z, i.e. these nations can exercise some sort of freedom, but ultimately, they are all puppets of Valentine Z.

  • Exuberant Clarissa and her Assistant Superintendent Adriana control Alanis Star, and mostly on its technological aspects.

  • Head Secretary Jamie and Assistant Secretary Mandy run the military bases of Valentine Z, designated as Voorzichtigheid. They are responsible for the defensive benefits that Valentine Z gets, along with military improvements.

  • Foresittend Marcus and Vice Foresittent Jolyn control Victoriaans Nederlands, which focuses on preserving the culture of Valentine Z, as well as running and improving on the Ministry of Education.

  • PM Kendrick and Vice PM Markus run Vostrov, whereby they are responsible for the research labs that Valentine Z runs as a whole, with most of the new technology emerging from here.

  • President Brook Angelo Pythos R. Voorstein Taylor Gwenaël Yves L' Hôpital runs Mathematik, focusing on the mathematical aspect of Valentine Z, and providing mathematical help to Vostrov.

  • President Nikola Maxwell E. Steiner Wattson Hvalimir Nestorovski Tesla runs Mathematik, focusing on the physics and space aspects of Valentine Z, helping to run space stations and exploration missions for the improvement of the Valentians as a whole. Currently planning to expand to Mars to make more room for the growing population.

Additionally, Chief Senator Shannon is the law-writer for Valentine Z, drafting up and proposing several new constitutions and laws, as well as approving (or disapproving) proposals from the members of the public. For foreign relations, Lead Ambassador Germaine and Head Diplomat Charlene are at the forefront, establishing contact or negotiating peace treaties, as well as economic and cultural exchanges for the foreign nations, as well as with Valentine Z.

Foreign Relations

Being a planetary power known for peace and diplomacy, Valentine Z has attracted many, many friends during their existence, especially with those nations that either has the similar views with Valentijn and the Valentians, or due to ideology similarities. Whether or not a nation will become a close friend, a friend, neutral, enemy, or a sworn enemy, depends on several deciding factors.

OOC Note: I will be purging CTE nations from this list on a regular basis. Also, ending up as an enemy or worse on this list does NOT mean that I hate you OOCly; these are all ICly.

Tier

Description

Example Nations

Close Friends

These nations have proven to be very close with Valentijn and his friends, having been interacted many times on the International Grounds. It is of little to no doubt that in a foreseeable future, Valentine Z and its Autonomous Nations will enjoy the company of these nations without any hiccups. Furthermore, their policies are near-congruent with that of Valentine Z, and in each other’s time of needs, will be an asset. The ideologies may not always be congruent with each other, but it is severely rare, and in fact the Valentians are most willing to overlook the differences to maintain the friendship.

Karamiko, The United Nations Of Europa, Silver Commonwealth, Stanier, Skyhooked, New Castillan Empire, S i t k a, Northern Ateria, Zitravgrad, Low bloods, Scottish Socialists, Dawetid, The Albali Republic, The Intermarian Order

Friends

These nations have proven themselves to be somewhat trustworthy friends to Valentine Z, though at the same time, it is yet to be determined on whether they can prove themselves to be committed to defending Valentine Z and its sovereignty in its time of needs. These nations have been encountered and was seen interacting with many of the citizens and personnel of Valentine Z, though not too often. The ideologies may not always be congruent with each other, but for these friendly nations, both are willing to overlook the differences.

The Islands of Versilia, Wobbegong, Nantoraka, Greater South, Eodor, Haja-Mishu, The Zravvisk, Foxfound, Bloodshade, Persagonian Republic, The Great-German Empire, UIJ, Iciaros, The Hell Legions, Gehennae, Derai, Neonymphonia, Arshanid Deccan

Neutral

These nations neither have proven themselves to be the friends and allies of Valentine Z, nor are they a threat. In other words, these are the nations that the Valentians are neutral over. For neutrality, there are several reasons as to why, ranging from “ideology cancellations”, to not having enough interactivity. As for the former, it simply means that the ideology of the nation and the Valentine Z are not too far apart from one another, i.e. certain parts they agree strongly on, and certain parts they strongly are against one another. These can also be the nations that will be “the enemy of Valentine Z’s enemy”, that is, unless they have a mutual enemy, Valentine Z will leave them be.

Hammer Britannia, Socialist Communist States, Astoriya, Athralia, Czech-Bohemia, Imperium Christianum, Kyria, Berhakonia, Wawakanatote, Free Arabian Nation, Deltanium, Kyoki Chudoku, Antarctica 3, Pan-Asiatic States, Inkopolitia, Wawakanatote

Enemy

These nations are the ones that have wronged the Valentians a few times in the past few decades, ranging from simple espionage, to conducting terrorist operations against Valentine Z. With that said, the Valentians are a very forgiving group of people, so even if a nation is to fall under this category, it has the potential to move up to Neutral or Friends, though never Close Friends, simply because as forgiving as they are, it is certainly very difficult to earn back Valentine Z’s trust. The ideology difference becomes more or less obvious at this point, and neither side may be willing to give it up.

Samantha-Higgs, Frievolk (See Footnote 2), The city-state of palmont (See Footnote 3), Fallen Albali, Kjalaara, Soleanna, The Rapture Republic

Sworn Enemy

These nations are a nuisance to Valentine Z and if possible, needs to be eliminated with as little force as possible. These are nations that have constantly caused a nuisance to the Valentians, as well as not only declaring war towards them on an extremely regular basis, but also on harming or hurting several Valentian citizens and the important personnel. The ideology difference no longer applies here, since it will have been made obvious that Valentine Z and these nations will never see themselves from eye-to-eye. Those under this category can only move up to Neutral category should negotiations and diplomacy won the hearts of both sides.

Pax Cybertronian, Third French Commune (See Footnote 4), Hathian Prime, Supreme Authority, National Authority, Hardholm (See Footnote 5), Hyperion Remnant Fleet (See Footnote 6)

Fiend

Eliminate with extreme prejudice.

Crazybloxian Empire (See Footnote 7), Imperial octavia (See Footnote 8)

Footnotes:

[2]: "Muslims are enough a blight on the face of humanity, civilization, and goodness as it is. A Fictional Muslim Superhero Emperor hitting every trope on the topic of 'Agent of Order' by himself alone is... even more of one." - Kaiser Johann; this proves dangerous to our Muslim Valentians/Valentians of Islamic fate, as well as the multicultural and multireligious nature of Valentine Z.

[3]: Bad run-ins with the Valentians, and threats of violence towards many Valentian personnel.

[4]: Several bad run-ins with Valentians, meaningless discrimination, violence and nuclear happy.

[5]: Implied genocide against several Valentians, disagreements between ideologies.

[6]: While we would put them under Enemy, M.I.N.E.R.V.A.'s recent comments on using a "Wrath of Israfil", additionally with Frumentarius Maksymilian Marszalek's confirmation, makes it true that the computer wanted us dead. It won't stop us from being friends with Maksymilian, though.

[7]: Aggression towards several Valentian members. We have suspicion and plenty of evidence to confirm that they do not like us.

[8]: Literal opposites and represents everything that Valentine Z opposes.

Military


The military might of Valentine Z is formidable, but not overpowered through excessive means. This is all due to the agreement all over the world to disarm and make the world a better place, as well as to emphasise on the pacifistic nature of Valentine Z. However, that is not to say that the Valentians are short-sighted, as they are indeed prepared for full planetary-scale invasions, if any are to come by. For this, several of the measure of the implemented, including but not limited to:

Voorzichtigheid – The “Bastion” of Valentine Z
Voorzichtigheid, consisting mostly of the territory from the old world’s United States of America amongst several other smaller countries, is designated as the defense base and fortress of Valentine Z. In peace times, these regions and the cities they are in serve as human settlements, except perhaps a little well-armed. With that still, there are several other active military bases that runs 24/7 even during peacetime, scanning for threats, as well as training new recruits and re-training the reservists on an annual basis.

During wartime, however, Voorzichtigheid can provide response in a matter of a single Decimal Hour (2.778 RL Earth Hours), with defence perimeters set up and the reservists (currently standing at 100 million in terms of figures) called back to action in just a matter of 0.5 to 0.8 Decimal Hours. The cities in Voorzichtigheid are equipped with smaller domes, similar to the ones used first during the Cold War Era of the olden days. These domes can take up to 15 hits from conventional nuclear bombs, as well as being able to thwart most laser bombardments due to the physical build of it (instead of being a force field). Once sealed, these cities are self-sufficient, being cut off from the outside world and having the rations to feed 1 billion people for 30 Decimal Days, with the rest having their physical bodies exhumed and disintegrated temporarily and their minds uploaded into the mainframe, as well as into Clarissa’s storage units. This process, called “mind uploading” is painless, and is used mainly for non-military personnel (mostly children and those who are unable to fight, such as the elderly).

In the meantime, 100 million reservists will be re-activated back into active military service, as well as the Valentian’s original “The Sixty” armed and ready for action, to defend Valentine Z and its sovereignty for as long as the war will take, be it from external or internal threats.

The 16 ICBMs
Despite the realisation of the destructive nature of the nuclear bombs and disarming most of them, Valentijn ordered that there are at least 10 and at most 24 ICBMs to be kept by the military bases in Voorzichtigheid, with yearly inspections and maintenance of the warheads. These nuclear bombs, are any circumstances, are not to be used in a Valentian territory unless “there exists a threat that cannot be eliminated through conventional means, and the prevention of deaths of the lives of the Valentians is more than justified and outweighs the possible deaths from using the nuclear bombs.” They can only be activated by Valentijn, Clarissa, Jamie, Marcus, and Jolyn, and there must be at least 3 out of 5 votes for the nuclear bombs to be used.

The Sixty
Due to its nature and inception, Valentine Z is truly a place known for many oddball characters that live alongside the perfectly normal people. Whether the 100 million reservists are active or not, these group of 60 (61 with the new addition of Valentina) are all-time active personnel, ensuring that Valentine Z is well-protected at all times. In other words, other than their civilian tasks and everyday lives, they too have their own military-based tasks on nearly everyday basis, standing guard, ready and armed for insurrectionists or any form of dissent and invasion, as well as finishing up the everyday paperwork. Additionally, they are the only personnel to armed with powers and abilities that are not seen even in Valentine Z’s Future-Tech or Far-Future-Tech nature (e.g. Gwen is able to travel through time, while Sylvie can conjure up the powers from the Void to aid her), and as a result of the Sixty, Valentine Z’s tech prowess ranges from Modern Tech to Far-Future-Tech (FFT), with some FanT (Fantasy Tech) either in the works or existing in small amounts, unexplainable even by the leading Valentian scientists.

Information regarding The Sixty can be found through this encrypted link (a password and a form of identification is required to access the files): viewtopic.php?p=34883407#p34883407

The Equipment
As described above with The Sixty, the equipment of the Valentian army varies, i.e. the outsiders have observed that most of our defence weapons range from MT, to FFT, to FanT.

Most of the Valentians, as well as the reservists, are armed with MT-FT weapons, ranging from gunpowder-powered weapons (assault rifles, pistols, shotguns of the olden days), to element-based weapons such as a flamethrower, to energy-based weapons such as lasers, prism cannons, and EMP-based disruptors.

Other times, there are substantially much more powerful FFT and FanT weapons at work, such as Sylvie’s Void Rifle that draws power from the phantom universe that she reigns in, and Robert’s Darkness-based weapons and attacks that uses the power of nightmares and darkness itself to aid him in his will.

FFT weapons include Gwen’s railgun and pulse pistols (for the latter, she can reload simply by reversing time for the pistols (so that they have back the same amount of energy as before being fired)), as well as Genevieve’s set of abilities that can call upon the powers of the elements to aid her.

Economy



A bigger version can be found Linkhere. More details and data for the Economy can be found here.

The History of the Valentian Economic System
The Valentian Economy first works on absolute Socialism and Communism, with all of the assets and means of production seized as soon as the Cold War was over. This was done mostly from Valentijn and Trade Representative Charmaine’s ideas, believing that a completely free market will harm the people in the long run, which in turn came from the ideas of the old world whereby companies and corporations that grew too big were able to have a stranglehold on their monopolies, as well as bullying their customer bases or any other smaller competitions. The nationalised (technically globalised, given Valentine Z’s status as a world power). When the world was being built back, state-run agricultural farms and manufacturing industries are propped up and are working at utmost efficiency, providing the materials needed in order to build Valentine Z to a brand-new era, as well as the food itself to fill the stomachs of its citizens. The old Valentian Economy (years right after Cold War and terraforming) was seen as extremely utilitarian, only producing what is really needed, while extraneous items and goods such as smartphones, designer items, extravagant homes, are all ignored. In the meantime, Valentian Credit was being created around 3 Decimal Months after Cold War (0 – 300, or 0 – 3 – 00), though it was used more for rationing purposes rather than for usage akin to a capitalist system – an average Valentian would receive, for instance, 500 Valentian Credits a month, which they can in turn use for buying of necessary goods such as food, water, and gas; electricity was at first rationed, but with the advancement and efficiency of the solar panels and other clean energy sources, energy crisis no longer became a problem and was given to the whole world for free.

However, as the time goes on, it became paramount that humans, and to extensions, some other species, have a prevalent desire to consume, that is, they would gladly pay to get something extra, as well as some good or a service that others may or may not have. This was the very idea of capitalism itself, but Valentijn was at first wary about bringing it back. After much consideration, a Limited Capitalism with a degree of Socialist and Communist ideologies are established, and thus the Valentian Economic System was born. The idea was that while a form of sharing wealth through taxes are established and worked on, people will still be able to buy non-essential goods through traditional bartering system with a new form of currency, i.e. capitalism, but there are several underlying conditions on this:

Economic Indicators

Rank: 1 / 2
Currency: Valentian Credits
Fiscal Year: RL Earth 2040


GDP (nominal): 2,400 Trillion Valentian Credits (Jan 2040)
GDP (nominal) per capita: 447,888 Valentian Credits (Jan 2040)
Labor Force:
Unemployment: 93.1% (1**)

  • Firstly, companies indeed can get support from the government through business subsidies, paid for to a small degree by the very taxation that government collects. This itself is not a restriction, but simply a part of the agreement.

  • The businesses and companies must abide by the government’s rules, that they will not maintain their monopoly through devious means. That is, while a company or a corporation is allowed to become a monopoly or huge if the people demands it, they must also allow and accept their own fate if people have spoken that they will neither support the said company or want anything to do with them. This also means that the companies that operate in Valentine Z cannot manipulate, cheat, lie, or swindle their customers, having confusing terms and conditions for the sake of having loopholes they can exploit, or corporate warfare towards other smaller companies (though friendly competition or a matter of advertising power is fine to a certain extent).

  • The businesses must not exploit their staff, and must pay a minimum wage of VC 2000 per month, whereby 2000 credits is defined as “the minimum amount a Valentian needs in order to buy basic necessities.”

As a result of the semi-capitalist practices mixed with socialist tendencies, the Valentian Economy steadily increase and was booming soon enough, with the majority of the income and revenue generated from Quaternary Industries, specifically the Information Technology, followed by Tertiary, then Primary, then Secondary. In summary, the IT Industry is the leading profit and income generator, while Agriculture and Farming leads second, providing the much-needed food through a fusion of old and new technologies.

(1**): Note that the unemployment rate percentage is not based on the entire population of Valentine Z, and is instead based on two categories: Out of those who are 18 and above, AND have officially finished their pursuit of education.

Unlike other countries, Valentine Z does not obey Colin Clark's sector model of an economy undergoing technological change, that is, the Primary Industry should be on a decline while the Tertiary and Quaternary industries take hold, and deindustrialisation takes place. This is simply because of Valentine Z’s status as a planetary power, having to provide the necessary food and physical goods (Primary and Secondary) to its people, while also maintaining a high scientific and technological advancement.

More details about the economy here:

Rough exchange rate: 1,00 Valentian Credit = 2,07 NSD (NationStates Dollars).

Primary Industries
An industry involved in the extraction and collection of natural resources, such as copper and timber, as well as by activities such as farming and fishing. A company in a primary industry can also be involved in turning natural resources into products. Primary industry tends to make up a larger portion of the economy of developing countries than they do for developed countries. The primary sector is concerned with the extraction of raw materials. It includes fishing, farming and mining.

It was sufficing to say that farming became much more modernized, using the readily available technology that Valentine Z has to offer, as well as the usage of green and clean sources of energy to grow such food. Chemicals such as pesticides and insecticides are used to a much lesser degree, with DNA strain manipulation becoming much more advanced and making the crops 99% resistant to insects and pests.

A few other industries, while necessary, are designated as “environmentally damaging”, and these include, but not limited to: mining and timber/woodcutting industries. As aforementioned, they are necessary in order for the enjoyment and usage of the Valentians (such as wooden furniture, or mining for rare earth metals), but the industries are highly regulated and since owned by the Valentian Government, they have the full liberty to restrict it to the extent they see fit.

Secondary Industries
This sector generally takes the output of the primary sector and manufactures finished goods or where they are suitable for use by other businesses, for export, or sale to domestic consumers. This sector is often divided into light industry and heavy industry. Many of these industries consume large quantities of energy and require factories and machinery to convert raw materials into goods and products. They also produce waste materials and waste heat that may cause environmental problems or cause pollution. The secondary sector supports both the primary and tertiary sector.

Essentially speaking, Manufacturing is more or less existent in Valentine Z, though not as huge. While most of them are owned by the Valentian Government, a select few of them are owned by private firms.

Indeed, there are countless number of manufacturing plants dotted across the entire world of Valentine Z, but the production rates are rather low. This is due to the expensive nature of raw materials such as wood, rare metals, metals, and so on, while the cost of producing new materials such as plastic and Styrofoam are raised to rather extreme levels. All of this was intentional by the Valentian Government, opting and encouraging people and businesses alike to practice the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle) as much as possible. Of important note is that even the Valentian Government is aware of the fact that some of the items are non-recyclable for hygienic or other reasons and as a result, even when manufacturing and creating new materials, they urge the companies to make them as biodegradable as possible.

Technological devices such as smartphones, TVs, game consoles, among many others, are also created with the Valentian Technological Institution (VTI) keeping a keen and close eye on the industry. The companies creating new devices must ensure two things:

  • That the devices absolutely do not have planned obsolesce in mind, i.e. they must not be designed so that they are easily disposable or are outdated when a newer device with better features hit the market. A RL counterexample would be the smartphones from the famous brands that are released on an annual basis, with some people switching phones as soon as the new one hits the scene.

  • The devices must be able to withstand at least an IP68 worth of abuse and damage, to be built like a military device would. This is to ensure the longevity of the devices, as well as prevent companies from asking exorbitant prices for device repairs, and the implication that a fragile device is easily replaced soon when a new device is released into the market (see above point).

  • The devices are modular, and the modules are easily replaceable, recyclable, or processable. Similar to modular phones and devices that have been seen and observed in the RL world, this means that the devices will never become obsolete as long as there are software updates, coupled with modules that users can simply tack on to their devices to add or improve the current features. For example, CPU and GPU on laptops are easily replaceable with a much better one instead of buying a new one, and the old parts are easily recyclable (i.e. they can be disassembled, plastic parts repurposed or built for something else, and the precious metals melted easily.)

As a result of these points, Valentian technology is known to be rather bulky and at some points, becoming unwieldy or unappealing to look at, but users praise it for the very fact that they are built to last an eternity, e.g. an average smartphone’s lifespan used to be 2-4 years old, but for the Valentian devices, they can easily last 30-40 years with upgrades.

The Valentian Environment Agency (VEA), a branch created by Chief Senator Shannon, is the leading body for this, ensuring that the products created by the industries and companies adhere to the standards as much as possible.

Tertiary Industries
The service sector consists of the production of services instead of end products. Services (also known as "intangible goods") include attention, advice, access, experience, and affective labor. The production of information has long been regarded as a service, but some economists now attribute it to a fourth sector, the quaternary sector.

The tertiary sector of industry involves the provision of services to other businesses as well as final consumers. Services may involve the transport, distribution and sale of goods from producer to a consumer, as may happen in wholesaling and retailing, pest control or entertainment. The goods may be transformed in the process of providing the service, as happens in the restaurant industry. However, the focus is on people interacting with people and serving the customer rather than transforming physical goods.

Such examples of Tertiary Industry include telecommunication, tourism, healthcare, waste disposal, information technology, education, financial services, retail, amongst many others. The tertiary industry more or less is shared between the Valentian government and private firms, depending on the industries. Services that are considered “essential to the progression and development of Valentians as a whole”, such as healthcare, waste disposal, education, and telecommunication, are 100% controlled by the Valentian government, with the funding coming from the taxation that it receives from its people.

Other industries such as retail and information technology are more or less controlled by the private firms and corporations, though as with other industries and agreements, the Valentian government looks over them and protects both the consumers and the companies themselves in case of a slip-up.

Quaternary Industries
The quaternary sector of the economy is a way to describe a knowledge-based part of the economy, which typically includes knowledge-oriented economic sectors such as information technology, media, research and development; information-based services such as information-generation and information-sharing; and knowledge-based services such as consultation, education, financial planning, blogging, and designing. The quaternary sector is based on knowledge and skill. It consists of intellectual industries providing information services, such as computing and ICT (information and communication technologies), consultancy (offering advice to businesses) and R&D (research, particularly in scientific fields). According to some definitions, the quaternary sector includes other pure services, such as the entertainment industry, and the term has been used to describe media, culture, and government. "Quaternary sector" is a further delineation of the three-sector hypothesis of industry in the sense that the quaternary sector refers to a part of the third or tertiary sector along with the quinary economic sector. Intellectual services are sometimes regarded as distinct enough to warrant a separate sector and not be considered merely as a part of the tertiary sector. This sector evolves in well-developed countries where the primary and secondary sectors are a minority of the economy, and requires a highly educated workforce.

Due to the intangible nature of it, most of the quaternary industry is controlled by the private firms and corporations (~80% of the profit and revenue comes from them), while the Valentian government only interferes when necessary and generally leaves them alone to provide, as defined, “a censorship-free media without any interference from the government”.

Overall, we can see that for Primary and Secondary Industries, the Valentian Government more or less has a say in everything, while the Tertiary and Quaternary Industries are left mostly to the private corporations to develop. This is all because of the fact that as per definition, the Valentian Government’s interference is only towards the size of the companies and their behaviour towards the people and the environment, not on the freedom of information and flow of products. Media and non-tangible related industries are free to dispatch whatever information they please, as long as it’s truthful and non-conspiracial towards any entity.

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Valentian Credits - Front Sides

OOC Disclaimer: While designed by myself in Photoshop, many credits go to the original creators, as well as producers of the art pieces/games/characters/etc. These notes are for fictional purpose only, and are NOT legal tender for RL use.




























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Culture



Due to the multinational and multi-ethnic nature of Valentine Z, cultures from all over the globe has survived, and Valentijn has made it paramount for everyone to be able to practice their culture and traditions freely (though along the way, animal sacrifices, or anything violent in nature are reduced down). Over the years, the people of Valentine Z, while respecting and maintain their cultural heritage, has begun to dress up accordingly to each region, as well as having distinctive tastes for each region.

The slight difference is the increase in the consumption of vat-grown food, whereby the scientists of Valentine Z and the food production companies are able to replicate and create equally (or more) nutritious food in a fraction of the time it takes for the actual animal to mature, or for an actual plant to grow. While there was indeed some protests regarding the consumption and safeness of the foods, the scientifically aware populace was able to cast that fear aside as irrational, alongside the comments that these reduce the harm and pain towards the animals, as well as being delicious and more nutritious.

More details about the Valentian culture can be found here:

Education



The education system of Valentine Z is 94% government-run, with the 6% of the private schools available for specialised courses, or of any other that are of insignificant importance to the general education of the populace.

An average Valentian will spend a total of [DATA MISSING] years as part of their Compulsory Education Act, which outlines that the Valentians must attend a public school for a stipulated amount of time in order to bring up the overall intelligence and literacy rate of the entire world as a whole. The public schools are free-of-charge, paid for by the taxation that the government imposes on its citizens.

The Valentian Education System is mostly run by Ministry of Education in Victoriaans Nederlands, which in turn is run by Vice Foresittend Jolyn.

The structure of the education system is as follows in the link given below.

The years stated here are in Valentian’s Decimal Time System, and thus would explain the broader range of subjects and the complexity that are associated with them.
1 Decimal Year = 3.16 Earth Years

Kindergarten – 1 Decimal Year
Description: To jumpstart the cognitive and development of a Valentian child, the government-run kindergartens teaches kids the very foundations and basics of each of the languages:

  • The very basics and alphabets of English and Valkyrie Sprak, as well as some common words and sentences.

  • Basics of handwriting and stroke practice. There is no single standard for handwriting, and both cursive and block letters are encouraged, with the kids being allowed and accepted to have their own style of writing. It is simply a matter of practice to develop motor skills.

  • Mathematics: Numbers from 1 to 10 for the first year, followed by 1 to 20, along with simple arithmetics (+, –, x, ÷) for the second year.

  • General playtime, which simply aims to let kids further develop their motor skills.

Primary School – 2 Decimal Years (0.4 Decimal Years / 400 Decimal Days x 5)
Description: To further teach the basics of the world around them, as well as to equip them with basic literacy skills to get around in everyday life. Mother Tongue is also chosen at this point, with a choise of a thousand languages with at least a hundred teachers for the rarer languages.

  • Primary 1

    • English, Valkyrie Sprak, and a chosen Mother Tongue: More words are added as compared to Kindergarten, as well as slightly more complex sentences, and the ability to read simple sentences. The very basics of grammar are also taught, such as verbs, adjectives, nouns, etc.

    • Mathematics: Numbers from 1 to 100, as well as the extension on the simple arithmetic skills and basic forms of fractions.

    • Science: The very basics of nature and some scientific terms are taught. These include, but not limited to:

      • Physics: The difference between push and pull, basics of gravity, levers at work, measurements and units.

      • Chemistry: Reading hazardous symbols and notes, safety with chemicals, 3 states of materials, basics of elements, mixtures and compounds.

      • Biology: Basic systems of a body, concept of cells, difference between plant and human cells.

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  • Primary 2

    • English, Valkyrie Sprak, and a chosen Mother Tongue: More words are added, as well as the extension on the grammatical structure of each of the languages. Simple stories not more than 200 words are to be read and to answer a few questions based on them (Reading Comprehension).

    • Mathematics: Numbers from 1 to 1000, as well as the extension on the simple arithmetic skills and slightly more complex forms of fractions, as well as simple forms of exponents (22, for example).

    • Science: Extension from Primary 1.

      • Physics: Forces and dynamics at work, engineers in real life.

      • Chemistry: Simple reactions, reading the Periodic Table of Elements.

      • Biology: Slightly more complex systems of a body, looking into each of the systems in-depth.

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  • Primary 3

    • English, Valkyrie Sprak, and a chosen Mother Tongue: More words are added, as well as the extension on the grammatical structure of each of the languages. Slightly more complex stories not more than 1000 words are to be read and to answer a few questions based on them (Reading Comprehension). Synthesis and Transformation is also added (to be able to rephrase a sentence while keeping the meaning the same, or otherwise).

    • Mathematics: Numbers from 1 to 1,000,000 (one million), as well as the extension on the simple arithmetic skills and more complex forms of fractions, as well as simple forms of exponents (22, for example), surds, very basic forms of statistics (reading graphs and interpreting data). Simple Geometry is also introduced at this point.

    • Science: Extension from Primary 2.

      • Physics: Kinematics, Forces, and Dynamics are focused and taught on, while simple calculations and unit conversions are also covered.

      • Chemistry: More complex reactions, as well as a small introduction to the well-known and common elements (Group I, Group II, Group VI, Group VII).

      • Biology: Slightly more complex systems of a body, looking into each of the systems in-depth. Adaptation, survival instincts, and more about the animal kingdom in-depth.

    • Introduction to Programming: A new subject added in for Primary 3 students, this class and subject will equip students with the very fundamentals of programming, using Psuedocode and simple English commands in order to portray a code. Not much information is given on the code structures just yet, and instead is an introduction to logic synthesis.

    • Introduction to History. The summary of pre-Valentian eras are taught, ranging from prehistoric eras, to ancient civilizations (from Babylonians and Mayans, to Romans, Egyptians, and Greeks).

    • Introduction to Geography. The basic aspects of the physical geography are taught, such as Earth’s ecosystem, physical features, layers of Earth, coastlines.

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  • Primary 4

    • English, Valkyrie Sprak, and a chosen Mother Tongue: More words are added, as well as the extension on the grammatical structure of each of the languages. Slightly more complex stories not more than 1200 words are to be read and to answer a few questions based on them (Reading Comprehension). Synthesis and Transformation becomes much more complex, and interpretation of real-life elements such as emails, advertisements, forms, letter-writing, etc.

    • Mathematics: Numbers from 1 to 1,000,000,000 (one billion), as well as the extension on the simple arithmetic skills and more complex forms of fractions, as well as simple forms of exponents (22, for example), surds, very basic forms of statistics (reading graphs and interpreting data). Negative numbers, decimals, finance are also introduced, though for finance, it’s a matter of adding taxes, negative and positive balances, and very simple forms of interest rates. Algebra is also introduced. Geometry extends to 3 dimensions.

    • Science: Extension from Primary 3.

      • Physics: More complex problems and calculations on Kinematics, Forces, and Dynamics. Heat Systems are introduced, such as the methods of Convection, Convention, and Radiation.

      • Chemistry: More complex reactions, as well as slightly more in-depth introduction to the well-known and common elements (Group I, Group II, Group VI, Group VII).

      • Biology: More complex systems of a body, looking into each of the systems in-depth. Basic life skills are also taught, such as identifying animals and plants that are hazardous or beneficial to the humans or the ecosystem.

    • Introduction to Programming: Extension from Primary 3. More on logic synthesis, as well as introduction to Python, and using said language to solve programming problems. The basics of the language are taught, as well as the in-depth study of logic synthesis.

    • Introduction to History. Extension of Primary 3, more in-depth and focuses on a later time periods, such as the Classical, Medieval, and Gunpowder Ages.

    • Introduction to Geography. Extension of Primary 3, more in-depth and focuses on more features of physical Earth, as well as a quick introduction to Human Geography.

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  • Primary 5

    • English, Valkyrie Sprak, and a chosen Mother Tongue: More words are added, as well as the extension on the grammatical structure of each of the languages. Complex stories not more than 2000 words are to be read and to answer questions based on them (Reading Comprehension). Synthesis and Transformation becomes much more complex, and interpretation of real-life elements such as emails, advertisements, forms, letter-writing, etc. become vague in nature.

    • Mathematics: Numbers from 1 to 1,000,000,000,000 (one trillion), as well as the extension on the simple arithmetic skills and more complex forms of fractions, as well as simple forms of exponents (22, for example), surds, very basic forms of statistics (reading graphs and interpreting data). Negative numbers, decimals, finance are also introduced, though for finance, it’s a matter of adding taxes, negative and positive balances, and more complex forms of interest rates. Algebra is extended upon, as well as calculus and trigonometry being taught at a very basic level. Geometry becomes much more complex.

    • Science: Extension from Primary 4.

      • Physics: Simple calculations of Heat Systems and methods of heat transfer are taught, as well as the basics of Nuclear Physics and dangers of nuclear power.

      • Chemistry: More complex reactions, and introduction to very basic forms of organic chemistry.

      • Biology: More complex systems of a body, looking into each of the systems in-depth, as well as very basic introduction to Medicines that are deemed useful to everyday life. Introduction to DNA.

    • Introduction to Programming: Extension from Primary 4. More on logic synthesis, as well as intermediate implementation to Python, and using said language to solve programming problems. The logic synthesis becomes much more complex.

    • Introduction to History. Extension of Primary 4, more in-depth and focuses on a later time periods, such as the Industrial Age, World Wars, Cold War, and the Valentian Era.

    • Introduction to Geography. Extension of Primary 4, more in-depth and focuses on more features of physical Earth, as well as much more complex interpretations and concepts of Human Geography.

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  • Primary School Leaving Examination – PSLE – Taken at the end of Primary 5. Hours here refer to Old Earth System's Hour.

    • English, Valkyrie Sprak, and a chosen Mother Tongue: Consists of 4 papers. Each paper is divided into its own sections:

      • Paper One – Essays and Situational Writing – 3 hours.

        • Section A consists of Situational Writing, whereby a candidate will be asked to write a response-based entry based on either formats: E-mail, letter of complaint/appraisal, advertisements, etc. No more than 300 words.

        • Section B consists of essay writing, whereby 5 prompts are given, and the candidate will have to write an essay based on the prompt. No more than 800 words.

      • Paper Two – Grammar and Reading Comprehension – 2.5 hours.

        • Section A consists of grammatical components, such as identifying errors, synthesis and transformation, being given a passage with missing words to add relevant verbs, nouns, or adjectives.

        • Section B consists of a piece of media, be it an email, letter, a piece of advertisement, amongst many others. The idea is to infer and interpret the media, and answer 5 questions based on them.

        • Section C consists of a piece of unseen prose or a passage, extracted from a piece of work. The passage has 2000 – 2500 words, and there are 10 questions to answer based on the passage, as well as a Summary component, where the candidates will have to condense a part of a passage into 150 words or fewer.

      • Paper Three – Listening Comprehension – 30 minutes.

        • 3 extracts of conversation or otherwise will be played, each of them 9 minutes long. There are 10 questions for each extract, totalling at 30 questions.

      • Paper Four – Oral Examination – 15+ minutes.

        • Section A – Reading aloud. A passage no more than 200 words are given, and the candidate has to read it aloud without errors, while taking emphasis on the stresses, pauses, and tones.

        • Section B – Picture Discussion. A picture is given of an everyday life, sometimes normal, sometimes not. Using linguistic cues, the candidate must be able to infer what is happening in the photo.

        • Section C – Conversation. Two examiners will ask the candidate a few questions, trying to use as few prompts as possible along the way. The idea is to be able to answer and expand/evaluate upon the questions asked.

    • Mathematics: Consists of 2 papers. Each paper is divided into its own sections:

      • Paper One – Short Structured Questions – 2 hours. Calculator is not allowed for this paper.

        • Section A consists of 30 multiple-choice questions (MCQs), whereby a candidate is to choose a correct option out of the 4. The questions are set such that the numbers are easier to evaluate and derive, since the usage of calculators are not allowed.

        • Section B consists of 30 short questions, nearly the same as the MCQs, except that the answer can be written out freely, from integers, to decimals, to a few words of explanation (e.g. to describe the statistical trend). It aims to test the concepts of Mathematics as a whole.

      • Paper Two – Free-Response Questions – 3 hours. Calculators are allowed for this paper.

        • The paper only has one section, and consists of 10-12 questions, with each questions spanning several parts. The questions have no specific answering format, and the candidates are free to answer them in any way they wish, so long as proper working and effort was shown in answering them. The questions can span from several topics, i.e. several topics can be tested in one question. Formulaes are also given, as the idea of the examination is to test the candidates’ understanding and utilisation of the forumlas and mathematical concepts, instead of relying on rote memory to recall formulas to use them. As a result, the questions are not as straightforward compared to Paper One.

    • General Science: Consists of 2 papers. The triple subjects – Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, are all combined into a single subject for the sake of testing.

      • Paper One – Multiple-Choice Questions – 1.5 hours. Calculators are allowed for this paper.

        • Consisting of 60 questions, Paper One aims to test the general knowledge and understanding of the key concepts of the three fields. 20 questions are allocated for each subject, i.e. 20 for Physics, 20 for Chemistry, and 20 for Biology.

        • Paper Two – Structured Questions – 2.5 hours. Calculators are allowed for this paper.

          • Section A consists of 18 short-structured questions, whereby 3 are allocated for Physics, 3 for Chemistry, and 3 for Biology. The short-structured questions are more or less the same in terms of evaluativeness and complexity compared to the Paper One questions. Section A aims to test the candidates on basic understanding, along with answering a sentence or two or a few steps of calculations, or both.

          • Section B consists of 9 open-ended questions – 3 for Physics, 3 for chemistry, 3 for Biology. The candidate has to choose only one from each subject category, that is, one Physics question, one Chemistry question, and one Biology question. The questions not only test the candidate’s understanding of scientific terms and concepts, but also aims to test their evaluative and reasoning skills, i.e. to be able to explain the processes in detail, as well as being able to answer real-life scenarios based on the science that they have learned thus far. The questions may have a sentence or two describing what is expected of the candidate, but otherwise, there is no strict formatting to follow.

    • Introduction to Programming: Consists only of one paper, with the format as follows:

      • Main Exam – 3 hours. Calculators are allowed for this paper. Section A and B are written (A done in Optical Answering Sheet, B done on answer booklet), while C is typed.

        • Section A consists of 25 MCQs, which tests the candidate’s knowledge on basic Python terms, as well as on simple logic synthesis (AND, OR, NAND, XOR, etc.).

        • Section B consists of 12 short-structured questions, whereby the candidates are to fill in missing logic operators, snippets of Python codes (with correct formatting), amongst many others.

        • Section C consists of 5 programming questions, but the candidates only have to select 3 questions to answer. The questions are open-ended as some parts, while at others, there are stricter guidelines or conditions to follow. The aim is to follow the instructions and finish little snippets of codes, as well as to be able to create an application with the help of the list of instructions in the question paper. These questions are on paper, but the candidates will be given an examination laptop in order to type the code inside. The laptop has no access to the internet outside, but it has documentation on Python itself, as well as a few other aids that the students will find useful.

    • Introduction to Geography: Consists only of one paper, with the format as follows:

      • Main Exam – 2.5 hours. Calculators are allowed for this paper.

        • Section A consists of 4 short-structured questions whereby the answering format was more or less fixed, and candidates are mainly tested on their understanding of several geographical concepts. Consists of 2 Physical Geography questions, as well as 2 Human Geography questions. For Human Geography, candidates are expected to perform simple arithmetic calculations, as well as to be able to read trends that might be present in the graphs given.

        • Section B consists of open-ended questions for Physical Geography. There are 3 questions to choose from, and the candidate only has to choose one question to answer. The questions are, as aforementioned, are asking of much more evaluation, not only testing the students on the concepts and basic understanding, but additionally on their interpretation skills, as well as argumentative skills.

        • Section C consists of open-ended questions for Human Geography. There are 3 questions to choose from, and the candidate only has to choose one question to answer. The questions are, as aforementioned, are asking of much more evaluation, not only testing the students on the concepts and basic understanding, but additionally on their interpretation skills, as well as argumentative skills.

    • Introduction to History: Consists only of one paper, with the format as follows:

      • Main Exam – 2.5 hours.

        • Section A consists of 6 short-structured questions whereby the answering format was more or less fixed, and candidates are mainly tested on their understanding of several historical concepts, as well as methods of interpretation. The candidates will be tested on two historical events, both of which will be chosen randomly. There are 3 questions on each event, with accompanying sources for reading and interpretation. Candidates’ abilities to identify biased, skewed, or inaccurate sources will also be tested in the background (may not be outright tested, but it plays a part in getting higher marks).

        • Section B consists of open-ended questions for Physical Geography. There are 3 questions to choose from, and the candidate only has to choose one question to answer. The questions are, as aforementioned, are asking of much more evaluation, not only testing the students on the concepts and basic understanding, but additionally on their interpretation skills, as well as argumentative skills.

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Infrastructure


The infrastructure of Valentine Z is a mixture of the systems from the old pre-Valentian Era, combined with the Valentian elements. There are some changes in an attempt to combine the greenness, but ultimately, some elements of the transportation system are proven to work with the tried-and-tested older methods, such as using asphalt for roads. The usage of these asphalt-based roads are still around all over the planet, but Valentine Z sees most of its roads being simple dirt roads with little to no demarcations. It is a matter of respect for fellow motorists, as well as having signs placed along the road instead to incidate rules on the roads. Alanis Star, Vostrov, Mathematik, and Natuurkunde, on the other hand, sees most of its roads made out of recycled or synthesised metals that are built to last long, alongside having little to no environmental impact to produce them. These roads have nodes that can be used for automatic locomotion of one’s cars (manual options are still available in all cars in the cases of emergencies or personal preference). Voorzichtigheid’s roads are the same as Alanis Star, except that they are made much more durable and heavy-duty in order to withstand the weight of several tanks or APCs making their way across the roads. Victoriaans Nederlands, on the other hand, have simple cobblestone roads and mostly walk paths.

Railways, high-speed trains, trams, airplanes, and to an extent, teleportation devices, are also present throughout the globe. All of them are powered using green yet reliable sources of energy, though steam-based or gas-based engines are still around in order to appeal for the history enthusiasts, as well as for keepsake.

The aspects of transportation in detail can be found in this factbook:

Buildings and Architecture



Buildings and Architecture
The Valentian Architecture consists of a mixture of old buildings, preserved for historical and cultural values, as well as high-rise buildings and skyscrapers to accommodate for the increasing (and taller) Valentian population. Initially, Terraforming, by the definition of it, was supposed to demolish and disintegrate everything around the dome, in order to remove the radiation, the ruins, and to start afresh. However, the truth was that it was less of “terraforming”, and more of “remodelling”, whereby the blueprint and schmatics of the entire landscape of the world was kept in both Clarissa and Adriana – it was already more than sufficient to keep it inside Clarissa’s storage units, but for safekeeping, as well as to data security, Adriana was also enlisted to keep an exact copy of the Earth before Cold War. Valentijn then decided to do some tinkering, such as removing military installations, old buildings, amongst many others, while keeping religious buildings intact and to be rebuild by the terraforming unit.

The result was that these data were fed into the terraforming unit and in turn disintegrated and restructured the world back to the way it was, i.e. before the Cold War consumed the lands. As a result of this, most of the buildings were preserved for cultural and religious purposes, ancient ruins are put back to the way they once were, but the buildings were more or less erased, and Mother Nature would make her way back to the barren land with the help of the Valentians spreading the seeds back on Earth.

For a greener future, Valentine Z was commonly cited as a solarpunk utopia, combining the best of human ingenuity and innovation with the beauty and natural vibes of Mother Nature. Most of the Valentian buildings were tall, spanning at least 100 floors (each floor being 4 meters, as a result, 400 meters), and up to 600 floors (2400 meters). While most of these levels were reserved for housing, office spaces, amongst many other purposes, a few of them are used as indoor gardens, providing or emulating the natural sunlight that the plants should receive for their development and growth.

However, that is at least the general trend of the buildings. Due to the worldwide nature of Valentine Z, as well as having multiple autonomous nations, many of the leaders and other Valentian figures are assigned the task of building the cities to however they wish, even including the military-base installations of Voorzichtigheid.

Nations

Description

Image

Valentine Z

As described in the paragraph above, areas under Valentine Z has seen the most amount of greenery. The region excels both as a place of residence for its people, as well as with the presence of natual scenery to calm one’s minds. After all, a garden is just a few steps away, or for some people, a few floors away.

Alanis Star

Alanis Star is the closest to Valentine Z in terms of aesthetics, and having been the oldest autonomous state of Valentine Z. While its architecture is also mostly trees and greenery, intricate yet breathtaking glass buildings and skyscrapers were built all around, as well as having most of the regions under Alanis Star to be automated. As a result of this, Alanis Star is deemed as one of the most scientifically advanced regions of the Valentian world, as well as looking the most aesthetically pleasing.

Voorzichtigheid

Due to its status as a city combined with a military base, Voorzichtigheid has commonly gotten itself the dystopian feel, though not with the qualities that one would expect from a dictatorship. In fact, Voorzichtigheid operates just like Valentine Z, except that due to the implementation of defensive assets, the buildings look grimmer in terms of appearance, as well as having several well-armed choke points in case of an invasion. The entirety of Voorzichtigheid (formerly United States of America) is surrounded by a fence with guards on their duties 24/7, with proper rotations, in order to keep the defensive installations safe, and ultimately, Valentine Z and the entire planet.

Victoriaans Nederlands

As the name suggests, Victoriaans Nederlands has decided to take the backwards approach in terms of time period. While the buildings were still as functional as any other buildings from all over Valentine Z, Victoriaans Nederlands’ buildings are characterised by their steampunk aesthetics, as well as pertaining to the buildings that one would see in the actual Victorian Era. As a result, while Victoriaans Nederlands was not exactly well-known for the clean look of their cities, the eco-friendly factor is still very high on the account that most of these steampunk and Victorian buildings were retrofitted with solar panels, wind mills, and any other green sources of energy. It might not have the look of a green city, but it still operates as one, as described by many of its inhabitants, as well as from the outside visitors.

Vostrov, Mathematik, Natuurkunde

The buildings of these three autonomous nations are of scientific nature. That is, while most of them are modernised buildings for universities and other institutes of learning, there are indeed high-rise buildings to house the scientists, researchers, and students, as well as buildings of science (such as Large Hadron Colliders) built all over the region.

Energy



While Valentine Z primarily operates on clean and green energy sources, such as Solar, Wind, Hydroelectric, and many others, the Valentians have found a steady source of energy of antimatter by tapping into the world of CPT-Symmetrical NationStates Universe, which in turn is a result of one of the many universes from the multiverse having their charges, parities, and time reversed for them every often. The reversal was not permanent and instead would happen in pulses, with its denizens living pockets of life over and over. When the CPT-symmetry occurs, the charges of the particles in that universe would be reversed, resulting in the entire universe being converted into antimatter in a whim.

As a result of this fine, Valentijn and Gwen decided that they can take in even as little as 500-1000 grams of antimatter and they can annihilate with the matter that Valentine Z around, in order to produce pure energy from the collision and annihilation. Foresittend Marcus and the brightest of Valentine Z devised a containment chamber that would be able to hold antimatter in place for a good 20 days before it is utilised through annihilation. However, this proves to be too dangerous and as a result, antimatter-matter annihilation did not become the primary method of energy generation for Valentine Z.

At the same time, the solar panel technology has advanced so much so that the cheapest panel in the market is able to store as much as 80% of the incidental rays of light (mostly the sunlight) as useful energy, as opposed to the old world’s 20% to 30%. This increase in energy efficiency enabled the Valentians to rely more on solar energy, at least for the parts of the world that receives a good amount of sunlight.

For the other parts of the world, offshore wind mills and hydroelectric dams were constructed as a reconstruction effort after Cold War, and all this in turn too were huge successes. The mills and dams were able to provide the local populaces with as 85% of their energy needs, while the 15% would rely on either solar energy or antimatter-matter annihilations (free courses are made available for the latter, since mishandling and misuse is proven to be extremely catastrophic).

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Special thanks to Neonymphonia for their feedback and also being a main inspiration.

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