by Max Barry

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The Commonwealth of
Left-Leaning College State

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8

History

A new land is found.
(1892)

Map of Cape Torchia in its beginnings

The Europeans (mainly of British ancestry) landed on the shores with the help of the British explorer, Sir Cecil John Torch, thought they should name the area as "Cape Torchia" (later renamed to Cape Torch) due to the beautiful sunrises it shines off, reminding them of a torch (others thought that Torch just wanted to have a place named after him). Other people of European ancestry also arrived at the Cape to visit the town and eventually live there as well and garnered a population of 250,000 people. They were called the Pioneers.

The land they resided in was relatively flat land with thick rainforests in the interior. When they found that the land below them were fertile, the Pioneers pursued on to build irrigation systems which created luscious farmlands for the small towns at the time to the point that they had to export food off the town. As for the rainforests, the British were not too keen on an exploration of it, setting back at a later date.

Then, war struck.
(1894)

Family visiting dead victims of the Great Torchian War

People lived in relative peace until the natives or the Hornillians arrived (The Hornillians lived in the North of Torchia). They were not too keen on the Pioneers using their land and the Pioneers refused Hornillians who wanted to work in their land for reasons we do not know till this day.

From the desperation of the natives, they went off to ravage villages in the town. The Pioneers had massive losses at the start.
One time, it even peaked at 1500 farmlands terrorised and burnt down in a day. The farmlands wasn't enough to topple the Pioneer spirit, so they went off and massacred the people as well by locking them in their homes and burning them down together. The ashes of their farmland and blood fueled them to fight back and eventually took up arms against the Hornillians. Blood of both belligerents started to pour street by street. It got to the point where the Cape smelled like a giant dead corpse.

The Pioneers fought hard to defend their way of life with their blood, sweat and tears. With the help from the British Empire, they gained superior military intelligence and arms as well and went off to win the Great Torchia wars. Though massive losses were made on both sides, the Hornillians got the most out of it with 15,000 killed and another 25,000 with injuries and the Torchians with 10,000 killed and 20,000 injured. The high death rate from Torchians was from the former half of the war.

They were up for another.
(1896)

For all that, the Hornillians still wanted revenge on the Pioneers (even with a demoralised tribe). Though this time, they did not want to repeat the same mistakes of the past and took on more recruits to fight back land that they assumed was theirs.

The Pioneers were very well aware of their acts and continued to garner support by instituting National Service for those aged 21 to 24. Neighbouring towns like Grenia and Justenberg also supported Cape Torchia to defend their homeland.

Maybe, peace was an option.
(1898)

Cecil Torch negotiating with the Hornillians

Before it all went down, Cecil Torch went off to Hornillia's capital, Billowayo to negotiate with the Chief of the tribe to end the wars. It took a lot of convincing, back and fourths on disagreements and arguments between each other to stop a potential war to start.

Fortunately, after lots of convincing and compromises from both sides, both the Chief and Cecil Torch agreed on creating a new country together, now called United Tropics of Torchland. (see Agreement of United Tropics of Torchland)

A referendum on forming the Commonwealth was held in both the States of Hornillia and Torchia. Both states voted unanimously for 'Yes' with 67% and 78% respectively.

(Due to Grenia and Justenberg's support for Cape Torch in their war efforts, they were invited to joined the new nation and gladly agreed to it came together to sign the "Annexation of Grenia and Justenberg Act" in November 11th, 1899 and later become the State of Grenia and Adverstaille)

The compromises made by Torch was:
  • That the country adopts a federal system of governance

  • That the country adopts the Hornbill as the National Animal

  • That Hornillia be made as a self-administrative state of its own

  • That Hornillians are able to have same opportunities as the Pioneers and allow them to work for the Pioneers

  • That the Chief continues to have executive roles after his seccession

The compromises made by the Chief was:

  • That Hornillia be a part of the United Tropics of Torchland

  • That Hornillians stop fighting the Torchians in Cape Torch and other tribes

  • That Cecil Torch become Governor of Torchland

  • That the religion of Christianity be introduced to Hornillians

  • That the country will be a part of the British Empire

A new century arrives
(1900)

Pronto's 1st mass-production factory in Justenberg, Adverstaille

With the beginning of the 20th Century, Torchland saw an exponential growth in its economy due to its farming sector recovering and booming at astronomical rates. The introduction of new technology to the country also benefited the country with higher economic growth which led to the Industrial Revolution in Torchland.

With the introduction of the Industrial Revolution, machines were starting to be used in factories and got more efficient, making the economy more competitive on the world stage.

And then the World Wars began.
(1914-1918 and 1939-1945)

Capt. Hendrik Haaldenstein in Fort Zanvra

In both World Wars, Torchland fought alongside the British due to their loyalty to the King.

    In WW1: 25,000 troops to fight in the trenches in Europe.
    In WW2: 100,000 troops to fight
  • 60,000 troops served as members of the Royal Air Force in the Battle of Britain and Dresden Bombings

  • 40,000 troops served in North Africa

Freedom at last!
(1948)

Due to our support for the British Empire, after the Japanese surrender in World War 2, the nation became a dominion and later gained independence on November 11th, 1948 in the 50th year of the establishment of the Commonwealth. The country also joined the Commonwealth of Nations to continue on to have strong ties with Britain and its other colonies and allies after its independence.

This also meant Torchland had full control of its destiny whether it would be for good or bad. The first Prime Minister would end up being Sir Steward Griffin, hailing from the state of Adverstaille as a Liberal. Economically, during his rule, the country was slowly, but surely expand at a steady rate.

The Reds are coming!
(1972-1978)

Communist Insurgency in its peak (1975)

As a country with strong religious and family values, communists wanted to wreak havoc and demoralise the populace of the nation. Torchlanders were ready to protect the nation once more. Though they aren't Pioneers like their forefathers were, they still had the Pioneer spirit in them.

Series of guerilla attacks ensued coming from the north, but the Torchlandic Armed Defense Forces fought back with all their might. Unfortunately, due to the lessened defense budget from the Progressives, the country had to continue to suffer fighting back. States like Hornillia and Grenia were affected massively by the war as they were on their last feet pushing back the reds.

Due to the incompetency of the government, people went to the polls in 1974, narrowing to lose the country, voted for the new party of Torchlandic Front, consisted of the Torchlandic Conservatives and Republican Populists, with the opposition being the Reds. They promised for a stronger defense force for the country and a referendum on the Crown.

Once sworn in, the new government introduced special regiments against the ideology of the hammer and sickle, and therefore made Torch's Scouts. They were enlisted to the Scouts due to their experience in the thick rainforest of Mangrova when they fought communists there. Other regiments were also made, like the Torchlandic Light Infantry (TLI) and the Royal Torchlandic Regiment (RTR) which only picked citizens that proved to be born and bred in the country.

Due to these few, but highly efficient regiments with the Army, the Royal Torchlandic Air Force (RTAF) and a bigger defense budget on their side, the communists lost ground and eventually surrendered. They were held in court and were found committing crimes against humanity against the people of the country and later found out that northern Torchlandic Citizens were intimidated to vote for the Reds during the 1974 election and was executed by helicopter.

Goodbye, dad.
(1982)

Ballot paper of Referendum from Hornillia

After 90 years of loyalty to the King, Torchland thought of a referendum on the Crown as the Head of State.

So they went to the polls. The results were unanimous. 67% of the citizens voted to let go of its Crown and instead, form a republic. The populace was loyal to the Crown, but some thought that sticking with it did not benefit them, and others saw it as an opportunity to gain true independence from the colonial past it once shared.

The King held the last ceremony as King on 15th of March, 1987, after 5 years of changing the country from a Constitutional Monarchy to a Constitutional Republic. He shed a tear, saying that as a royal subject of the United Kingdom, he was proud of the strides Torchland made from a small town with an immigrant population in a newfound and unknown land to a mighty superpower nation, with luscious forests and a frightening economy, just like his home country.

The then Prime Minister P.K. Van Der Byl (nickname P.K.) personally thanked the King, comforted him and promised that Torchland will continue to have great relations with each other and will still work together, even if it means the two countries part their ways.

March 15th later became Republic Day, which Torchlandic citizens call as Election Day (though it only happens every 4 years)

The Hornillians are up to something again!
(1992)

HWB's biggest rally in Darmooren, Hornillia (November 1994)

A group of Native Hornillians up north on the border in the Hornillia S.A.S. were fed up with the Torchlandic Government as they thought that they were shrugged off by the European majority in other states and thought that they were exploiting them from their natural resources. That's when they formed the Hornilliaanse Weerstandsbeweging (HWB), or Hornillian Resistance Movement in English. The party was staunchly against the race-mixing between their own race with the Europeans and had different religions from those of the cities and states outside their own. It was also a heavily militant group, having at least 3 weapons for each member.

They slowly garnered support among Hornillians to have a referendum if they should stay in the Commonwealth or not and frankly, the Torchlandic Government was scared to lose a large part of the country and thought that it may also spark other resistance movements, possibly marking the end of the United Tropics of Torchland on its knees.

As it was a part of the constitution of the country to allow referendums to be conducted when 30% of the population of the state, federal territory or when the whole country disagrees with something, a referendum was conducted soon after. To combat this, new laws were introduced to favour the Hornillians and gave them more rights to the State Government and delegating devolution to its districts, etc.

Fortunately, the Self-Administrative State decided to stay with the narrow margin of 50.9% in favour to stay. It was a relief to all Torchlanders, civil servants and citizens alike that the country would still be intact. The HWB did however, win more than 15 seats in the House of Assembly during the 1998 Elections, though support for the separation of Hornillia from the rest of the country slumped afterwards.

The World Economy tumbles!
(2008)

After years of economic growth in the country, their economy hit a speedbump. It was a catastrophe in the Cape Torch Stock Exchange, whereby investors went nuts on narrowingly losing all their money on stocks. Even ordinary citizens went off the rails and panicked by buying everything they could. The Torchlandic Government, headed by then Prime Minister Jacob Rees-Mogg, came in and helped ease the problem by investing in infrastructure, fixing financial policies and ensuring companies to stay in the country as lawmakers started deregulating the markets.

Fortunately the gambles was successful, mainly from its deregulation. The economy slowly picked itself back up and a slow and steady economic boost happened after several months of trial and error, and the economy went on as usual.

Torchland expands!
(2019)

PM Smith shaking hands with WA Ambassador after the Mandate

In September 16th 2019, Torchland was mandated the part South of Grenia and Adverstaille (named Znangdongo) from the neighbouring nation of Mazingwo from the World Assembly because of the Mandate of Torchland.

It included to get Mazingwo to give up Znangdongo to Torchland because the state had similar bloodline to the Hornillians and hated the Mazingwo Government. It had a long and bloody mass genocide prior to the mandate, and neighbouring nations like Torchland went up to support the Znangdongies in a peacekeeping mission. Because of it, the country was awarded a mandate.

On Christmas Day 2019, 3 months into the mandate, Prime Minister Ian Smith decided to annex it, and thereby renaming it "Smithern Torchlandian Federal Territory". The federal territory does not have a representative in the Parliament but has 4 in the Senate.

There was an opportunity, and we took it!
(2021)

First flag of Amorgous Islands after annexation

On the 16th of December, 2021, the Torchlandic Government, headed by the current Prime Minister, Ian Smith acquired Amorgous Island from one of her closest allies, The Capitalist Federation of The Twelve Rivers. The country acquired it with peaceful means, leasing it for the total of TŁ12,378,960 with the course of keeping it for 99 years.

The new island was later used as a military base for Torchland, making it easier for the two nations to have joint military exercises with their allies up north. It has a permanent populace, mainly consisting of top soldiers and their families, given homes in the island by the government.

It was said that the Torchland Armed Defense Force uses the island as a place for testing never-before-seen weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). Others suspected the experimentation of bioweapons in the base. The government denied both allegations, stating that they do not have any proof and the claims being bogus and made up by conspiracy theorists, though the country has a claim to use WMDs.

More land for Torch-land!
(May 2022)

Jaktoko's Capital, New Fuham during its time as a Dominion

After a series of negotiations with Jaktoko 2 (and a nuclear threat), they agreed to join the Commonwealth as a Torchlandic Dominion.

Prime Minister Smith was delighted by the news and thanked the leader of Jaktoko 2, Ovitz Cozworth and shortly after giving the new flag and appointed him as the first Governor of the Dominion.

Torchland now uses two-thirds of the island nation to make a massive powerhouse economy with the intent to make it an international port of the world, behind the mainland's capital, Cape Torch.

A week after the first agreement, Empius seceeded from the Mijhu republic to join Torchland as a dominion. This was unexpected from the Torchlandic Government as it was merely a bid between Ilyavan and The Twelve Rivers.

Torchland was chosen to rule over Empius due to the nation being the first to bid on opening up to dominionity.

Fortunately the Mijhu Republic responded to the news calmly and Torchland was not framed to incite an uprising in the colony.

Torchland plans to build military bases on the newly-freed nation and build the newly-acquired dominion from the ground up.

Torchland Time Travels!
(June 2022/January 2092)

Calendar Referendum Voting Map

The House of Assembly decided to a referendum to follow our allies of Ilyavan and The Twelve Rivers.

This was due to a confusion for Torchland and our two closest allies and trade begin to be tougher as food imports and exports display an expiry date far into the future or the past. Military exercises also got mixed up between the dates with most being confused on the other soldier's age.

This was one of the long awaited policies suggested by the Government during the 2022 election, conducted last March, though wasn't able to pass through due to lack of Libertarian support in the Senate to have a 2/3rds majority to add a major rule as so.

Approximately 83.3% of voters are in support of the referendum, with only 16.67% opposing.

Jaktoko 2 splits into two!
(January 2092)

Torchlandic Soldiers evacuating after Paraban base bombings

It started off after the Jaktoko Rebellion, Paraban took over the Dominion and took hold of the government in a span of 10 years (2032-2042). It was highly unexpected for Torchland as it was contained but somehow got through. This started the Jaktoko Rebellion War. (2042-2043)

The brave men and women in the Torchlandic Armed Defense Force and Jaktoko Security Forces fought hard to regain the Dominion and free them from the takeover. Torchlandic Marine Corps soldiers went on a Special Operation; Operation Shoot Down where they went on to kill the Leader of Paraban. After this went on, the rest of the Armed Forces went off to a military campaign against Paraban, bombing their bases into dust.

Unfortunately though, the soldiers was not recognised as war heroes and instead, the title was given to a foreign nation. This tensed the Federal Government and Dominion Government. Its leader was soon later found to be involved in the rebellion and was soon executed in The Twelve Rivers for crimes against humanity and fraud.

After the hard fought war, Jaktoko wanted independence (2067), stating that Torchland did not protect them at all, which was false. The Jaktoko people were also brainwashed by its government, stating the same reason. It was suspected that its previous government got people into thinking the the false pretense of independence.

On the 11th of January 2092, the Dominion declared independence. For obvious reasons, the Federal Government denied it and called it a sham. It was only after Torchland demanded Jaktoko 2 to split the West of Sigi Island, Western Jaktoko to Torchland, that they will approve its independence. Jaktoko 2 soon later became a Protectorate and a Rīyetaš of Ilyavan.

(Rayetaš is somewhat between a Dominion and a Protectorate, where it is controlled by a different nation, doesn't have to consult the ruling nation about issues unless they are restricted, and has a self-sustaining military)

Kreigsreich Blitzkrieg
(October 2092)

One of Kreigsreich of Iron planes shot down by Torchlandic Navy

The Federation of Kreigsreich of Iron sent over a small fleet of their military aircraft, unbeknownst to the TADF's might, tried to fly it over the Torchlandic EEZ. Fortunately it was all shot down by the Torchlandic Navy. This prompted a war on the nation.

At the time, the nation had a small but formidable force, though not enough to withstand the might of the TADF, which started the invasion of Kreigsreich of Iron, under "Operation Speed". Kreigsreich of Iron did not have adequate technology did not have any technologies that could pick a fight with the Commonwealth, let alone defend themselves.

The nation capitulated in a measly 30 minutes after the forces arrived (breaking the shortest war declared and won) and has obliged to become a brand new Torchlandic Colony. This was due to their abysmal civil rights and political freedoms record making it easy for Operation Speed to be conducted, under the guise of freeing people from their oppressive regime and gave the Armed Defense Force the fastest Operation conducted in Torchlandic and World History.

Though, the nation was very much against the proposition of being a Colony and opted for peace talks. After weeks of rambling, the two governments settled on the Agreement of Kreigsreich of Iron, where it is promoted to a Dominion of Torchland, while having to be kept in line to increase their Political Freedoms and Civil Rights, before having a chance of an Independence Referendum 15 years down the line.


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