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Unified Legandia Factbook (Eternal W.I.P.)

The Kingdoms of Unified Legandia
Os Reinos da Legândia Unificada (Portuguese)
Riochtai na Leghanda Aontatihe (Leg.Irish)
Forender Krongerige i Legandia (Danish)
Les Royaumes de Legandia Unifié (French)


INSERT FLAG HERE
Flag


Motto: In Libertatem Dei
(English: In God's Liberty)


Link
Location



Anthem: : "O Land of the Peoples"


Population: 62 000 000 (2011)
-Density:208.353 per Km²


Capital and Largest City: Crownbridge


Official Language: English, Portuguese, Danish, French
National Language: English, Portuguese,
Old Legandian, Irish (Gaelige), Danish, French
Recognised Languages:Meridian, Norwegian


Demonym: Legandian


Constituent Kingdoms of U. Legandia
Legandia (Kingdom of), Rosland, Canterley, Merland, Valfleur


Government Unitary Parliamentary Constitucional Monarchy
- Monarch: King Victor I
- Prime Minister: Peter Finchley
- Head of the Communes: Francis Bretton


Legislature: Parliament


Establishment: 986 AD
Anglo-Norman Conquest: 1072
Treaty of Foxhall: 1523
Treaty of Seagarden: 1652
British Conquest of Legandia: 1791
Treaty of Pembroke-upon-Stratt (Re-Establishment): 1840
Portuguese Handover of Canterley: 1935
EFTA assession: 1960


Area: 297 572 km²
Of which water: 21%


Elevation
Highest Point: Eagle's Peak (2399m)
Lowest Point: Legandian Seas (0m)


Human Development Index:0.922


Currency: Legandian Pounds (£) (LGP)


Time Zone: Legandian Mean Time (LMT: -08:00
Summer: Legandian Summer Time (LST: -07:00)


ISO 3166 code: UL


Measurement Units : Metric and UK Imperial


Date Format : dd/mm/yyyy
(sometimes yyyy/mm/dd is observed)


Drives on the: Right


Calling code: +424


Internet TLD:.ul

The Kingdoms of Unified Legandia commonly called Legandia (or Unified Legandia to distinguish it from it's constituent kingdom) is a Constitutional Monarchy in North-Western Europe, on the island of the same name. Being an Island, it is bordered completely by the Atlantic Ocean, albeit bordering the Republic of Ireland's (Éire) waters in the East, being Southwesterly towards the said country. It appears unexplainably on the maps of Gaia where it's located in the middle of the Dolphin, Vitrecan and Caxcanian Seas and the Olympic Ocean, bordering in the North the waters of Astoria. Legandia's postion has allowed it to benefit from European society whilst being one of the bridges to the New World as well as Liberalia and Hesperida (IDU). Unified Legandia covers 297 572 square kilometers and has an estimated population of 65 000 000.

Unified Legandia is a unitary parliamentary democracy under the guise of a laic constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is King Victor I, who has reigned since 1974, with the head of government being Peter Finchley incumbent since 2016. The capital is Crownbridge, the nation's largest city, the centre of administration and also an important and strategic commercial and business hub, with an urban population of about 3.2 million in 2011. Unified Legandia is comprised of five kingdoms - Legandia, Canterley, Merland, Rosland and Valfleur - whose capitals are Crownbridge, Canterford, Bellbury, Hammerholm and Valfleur-Ville, respectively. Each constitutent country has its own devolved government, with varying local powers, having to respond, nonetheless, to the central government. Other relevant cities include Leighton-on-Sea, Lincolnpoole, Marcoton (Markstone), Stagmouth and Valefort.

The millennial country is the result of an age-long dream to unite the peoples' of the island under one flag. The Act of Union (Treaty of Foxhall) in 1523 brought Legandia and Rosland, in which the acquisition from a collapsed Northern Canterley was obtained as well, with the then Kingdom of Portugal acquiring the South in the Newville Agreement for a temporary time (1535). The Duchy of Valfleur agreed to join Legandia in 1652 in the Treaty of Valmont, though during the Napoleonic Wars it was briefly under French influence once more. The "Succesful British Invasion" in the late 18th century turned the majority of the island into British Legandia, being liberated in 1840 with the acclamation of Peter VI and the Treaty of Pembroke-upon-Stratt the same year, in which Merland and the Eastern portion of the island was united with the rest. The final piece was the Handover of Portuguese Canterley after the 400 years, fulfilling the intended agreement, with the name adopted to reflect the Union, something not achieved since after the collapse of the Roman Empire.

The nation is a founding member of the UN and EFTA, also being part of the Council of Europe, NATO, the OECD, WTO, CPLP and the Commonwealth and quite importantly, the International Democratic Union (IDU), thus being a country with a strong devotion for peacekeeping and human development.

Etymology

The origin of the name "Legandia" is not exactly known, as it has been used since the pre-Roman era to use it, for the island. The name under its current form today is most probably from the Greeks or Roman Empire as "Land of the Legandi". This name was definitely used during the latter period, as the region name. With the formation of the Kingdom of Legandia in the territory of the old province of "Legandia Minor", it stuck. The Unified Kingdoms part is easier to understand, coming from the century-long dream complete in 1935, with the Unification of the entire island, with Legandia, Rosland, Canterley, Valfleur and Merland in the same territory.
The correct way to address a citizen of Legandia is Legandian, which has been used to differentiate from the Kingdom of Legandia's own denonym, Legandic.

History

Pre-Historic Legandia
Legandia is believed to have first received humans sometime around 15 000 BC from landbridges now from the Ice Age, firstly from the North and the North-East. The oldest remains were found in Ballydal (Northern Merland) which is believed to be one of the older settlements, putting it in the Palaeolithic era with the oldest vestiges in the western regions being from about 9500 BC (Granwell Park Studies). It is known that there were plenty of recollection communities which based themselves on hunting and gathering by the Mesolithic with the existence of plenty of artifacts around to confirm such. One of the most important places is Moorleybrook (Midland Region), which represents some of the oldest artistic pieces known on the island, depicting, as many of its contemporaries, animals, hunting parties and other such themes of imagery.
The introduction of the Neolithic circa 6000BC brought the introduction of the European cereals and animal domestication wave to the island as well as the beginning of a defined sedintary culture with housing, production and burials. The Tholos of the South are some of the more important monuments of importance for the area.
Most prehistoric monuments and artefacts found in the region are from this period. As Legandia starts to emerge out of the Stone Age at this point, plenty of historians still debate over how the peoples of Legandia were actually distributed through out the territory.
We know that one of the main peoples in the peninsula at this time are the Legandii after which the peninsula was named and after which the Greeks named the island, though other people such as the Cantarii are known to have existed as well.

Roman Legandia
Post-Roman Legandia
The Early Mediaeval Kingdoms
Mediaeval Legandia
The Third Dynasty
Illuminist Periods
"The Succesful British Occupation"
Liberation, a New Kingdom, Unification
Post-War Legandia and a Hope for Peace

Geography
Legandia is a large island south-westerly of Ireland, in Europe, being on the same longitude as Iceland and Western Portugal. With an area of 297 572 km², roughly the same as the Island of Britain, the island itself is similar to the other British Isles in many ways, with rolling green pastures and fields across the nation. The nation is split in the middle by the Legandian Alps but also by St.Catherine's Lake which is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the river Merne. The entire country is filled with rivers and brooks, being an island. The North is characterised by large plateaus scarred by a few valleys, interrupted further South by the Legandian Alps. The Midlands and Lakeside are green fields between the Alps and the Southern Mountains, being seperated by the great lake. The rolling pastures are a staple of the Midlands as Lakeside, also sees many golden fields throughout near Radleigh or Mayside. Both these as well as the West and South are also filled with rivers, of which Malet, the Merne, the Lincolne, the Radleigh and the May are noticeable.

Climate
It has a mild climate, with some Iberian influences, particularly in the southern areas such as Radleighshire as both the South-West and South-East have more oceanic touches. Lincolnpoole is part of such south-western area, where there is frequent rain in the cold months being more close to the rest of the country.

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Demographics
Population
The population of Unified Legandia reached 60 Million in 2008, and has been slowly growing since then. In the last census (2011), the nation was at 62 million. The government has been using pro-natalist policies after stagnation and an ageing nation, particularly in Meridia and the Green Country, counterventing that problem. Studies find that the Renovation Index is currently at 1,9 which is still one of the highest in the European Continent, but still does not guarantee Generational Renovation.
Around 5.5 million people in Unified Legandia are foreign, mostly coming from the Europe (65%) from which Portugal (23%), the United Kingdom/Ireland (17%), Central Europe and Scandinavia (15%) are the main parties. The other core groups are from the Commonwealth (15% - mainly Australia, New Zealand and Carribbean), North America (10%), with other origins only occupying 10%. Portugal and the British Isles occupy such a large percentage due to their historical presence in the island.

Largest Cities

Rank

City

Metro area population

State

1

Crownbridge

2 500 000

Greater Crownbridge, Home Counties, Legandia*

2

Leighton-on-Sea

2 000 000

Leightonshire, Northwest, Legandia

3

Hammerholm

1 500 000

Greater Hammerholm, Rosland

4

Stagmouth

1 350 000

Lower Stagg, Northwest, Legandia

5

Belbury

1 300 000

County Bellbury, Merland

6

Canterford/Cantária*

1 250 000

Grande Canterfórdia, Canterley

7

Lincolnpoole/Lencanpul

1 250 000

Lincoln, South, Legandia

8

Porto da Conceição

1 200 000

Grande Conceição, Costa Imaculada, Canterley

9

Fercastle

1 100 000

Wyne County, North, Legandia

10

Colbleu

800 000

Alpes Interieurs-Colbleu, Valfleur

Language
There are many languages in Unified Legandia, officially English, Portuguese and Danish. Other national languages include Old Legandian, which hasn't been the predominant language since the 14th century and Irish. Around 78%, knows how to speak two of the three official languages, and 36% can speak a third language , including
Old Legandian and Irish.

English and Portuguese are used in their standard form, respectively British English and "European" Portuguese, with American English and the Brazilian variant more frowned upon. Danish follows the original language closely.
Legandian, be it old or new, had been facing extinction until the 19th century when Marcoton scholars started demanding its protection creating the Legandian Language Guild in 1875. Although this worked, the real explosion of the language came in the end of the 80s where the government started supporting the learning of the language in School, as an option. Currently 15% of the population can speak one of the variants of the language.
The majority of Legandia has more than one language which is reflected in places like road signs or broadcasting. In the case of the former, usually English and the local language appear. The latter is a case of interest due to the challenges it provided in the earlier days. However, nowadays programmes can provide subtitles for the various languages.

Religion

Religion hasn't been much of an issue, unlike in a lot of European Nations, relatively speaking. The nation is 83% Christian, with 75% being Roman Catholic and 24% Anglican Protestant (Church of England), 10% consider themselves affiliated to No Religion/Atheist, 6.5% did not state their religion, and 0.6% belong to minority religions.
Like in some countries, during the 16th and 17th centuries, there were notable problems with the existence of the Inquisition in the South Legandia and Canterley. Most of Legandia declined to have the organisation in their Counties. Reforms in Portuguese Canterley in 1774 by Sebastião de Carvalho e Mello, Marquis of Pombal and Count of Oeiras ended most of their work. The King of Legandia found this as an opportunity of expelling the Inquisition on their side of the border. With this, the Viceroy of Canterley, with permission of D.José (King Joseph), expelled them on their side, in 1776. In 1861, King Peter IV decreed the Freedom of Religion Act, and, severed the connection with the Church, turning into a laic nation-state.
Despite this, each Kingdom and most Towns have their own patron saint.
The national patron saint is Saint Catherine, whilst the Kingdom of Legandia has Saint George; though both were originally patron saints of the referred Kingdom, as St.Paul occupies the position in Canterley though the Immaculate Conception is also recognised due to Portuguese heritage. Sts.Patrick and Paul being the patrons of Merland with Rosland adopting Saint Peter as their patron.
A lot of fairs and festivals in Legandia have their dates related to religious calendar, this being the case even more so in the South and Canterley, as is the case with the Popular Saints in June (Saint Anthony - Oliveira da Torre, Saint Peter -Vila Brandão, Saint Paul - Canterford, Saint John - Porto da Conceição).

Government

DESCRIBE GOVERNMENT

Foreign Relations and Military

DESCRIBE DIPLOMACY

DESCRIBE MILITARY

Economy

Economic Indicators

Rank: -
Currency: Legandian Pound (£LGP)
Fiscal Year: 1st January - 31st December


GDP (nominal):
GDP (nominal) per capita:
Labour Force:
Unemployment:9.6%

Unified Legandia can be considered to work under a semi-regulated economy with traces of the social market-model - originally conceived with ideas by Anthony Henri as Minister of the Economy in the 1950s – with a qualified workforce and a good level of innovation. As a large producer of goods, it has a large exporting capacity with a diversified economy, in terms of sector and activity distribution, becoming a majority third-sector (services) country by the mid-1990s, demonstrating a developed economy.
From an administrative point of view, the economy of Unified Legandia is overseen by the Ministries of the Economy and the Finance whose role in the government of promulgating policies in this area. The Central Bank of Legandia is responsible for the issuing of notes and coins for the national currency, the Legandian Pound (£ LGP), as well as monitoring the economy and state of coin, working closely with the government on several monetary policies. The Legandian nation is part of the European Single Market through its membership in the EFTA which gives the country close ties with the Old Continent.
Due to its geographic positioning, Crownbridge is considered to be a financial centre of some relevance due to its relations with the countries of the International Democratic Union, though Leighton-on-Sea has also been an important city in the economic context of the country, historically due to the Crownbridge and Leighton Stock Exchange (CLSE), the main national exchange. Currently, the nation’s main industries are Automobiles, Tourism and Publishing, though in recent years portions of Retail, Food and Fishing have been worthy of note.

Infrastructure

Unified Legandia presents infrastructure of considerable quality around the country in various fields, with considerable efforts by the government and local authorities to guarantee public services of quality, putting in investment into Transport and Social Infrastructure. In the Post-War period, Urbanism and the Concept of Contemporary City has been in a large forum of discussion as to what should constitute the modern city. The infrastructure in place for Healthcare is varied in terms of age but the service remains a cornerstone of Legandian society, this too being the case for schools, who suffered large changes with the 2000-2010 Public Investment Scheme seen throughout many nations.

Transport and Mobility
In terms of transport, the country offers a dense road system around the country through National (N), Regional (R) and Municipal (M) roads as well as most recently developing the Motorway (A-class) system also featuring secondary higher speed roads in the form of the Dual Carriageways (B-class) Tolls may or may not be featured in the Motorway systems which now links the majority of the country’s main cities. Unified Legandia also identifies the primary national routes via Principal and Complementary Itineraries (PI, CI).
The railway system is also extensive but has become a bit antiquated in certain areas of the country, meaning it’s been a key point in recent years’ investment plan with refurbishment and creation of the LHR – Legandian High-Speed Rail, which currently links some of the principal cities in the nation but plans to be larger in the future. The system, despite not being linked to any other currently, runs on standard gauge. In association with the European and IDU 2030 commitments, Unified Legandia hopes to continue its investment in this form of transport in an effort to reduce carbon emissions.
As an island, maritime ways are developed, featuring many capable ports such as Great Estuary, Leighton-on-Sea and Stagmouth, the latter being one of the world’s larger deepwater seaports, or at least one of the ones with most potential. Ferry links to Iberia, Galia, Hibernia and Britannia with passenger services also available and popular as links to other regions.
The boom of air travel can’t be ignored either and it’s likely where the country is still least equipped, relying on Crownbridge and Canterford, mainly to connect to other regions, but has large potential once again due to geographic positioning which could make them a solid piece of the worldwide network. Currently an expansion of the current Crownbridge Airport is planned to do such a thing with reinforcements for more local travel in refurbishments of Hammerholm, Markstone and Bellbury.
In the inner cities, it is worthy of note the public transport system and its wide existence, particularly in the big cities where buses, trains, underground services and trams are all integral parts of large networks as is the case in Crownbridge, Canterford, Hammerholm, Leighton-on-Sea, just to name a few. The rise of demand in inner city transport has led people to new solutions and during the 1970s crises, some new ideas also arose with light-rail and the urban cycling scenes, which began mainly in Rosland and spread from there.

Energy
DESCRIBE ENERGY

Culture

DESCRIBE CULTURE



Some many Notes
Geographically still confusing in terms of worldwide positioning, would like to sort it out...
Allegedly more creative, Sister Nation of New Lusitania and the Algarves
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