by Max Barry

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Federal Congress

Federal Congress of the Republic
112th Federal Congress of the Republic

Emblem of the Republic


Information

Type: Bicameral
Houses: Federal Senate
Federal House of Representatives
Leadership

President of the Senate: Trevor Ross, SRR
Speaker of the House: Jack Cross, LDP
President pro tempore of the Senate: Giselle Taracena, SRR
Moderator of the House Presidium: Sarah Langley, SRR
Minority Leader of the Senate: Helen Decker, NDP
Minority Leader of the House: Eric Kane, GRP
Structure

Seats: 2,026 voting members
376 Senators
1,650 Representatives
House of Representatives political groups: Majority bloc – Liberal Democratic Alliance
  • … Liberal Democratic Party - 221

  • … New Republic Party – 209

  • … Socialist Revolution for the Republic – 106

Majority bloc supporters –

  • … Federalist Party – 37

  • … Serenity Party – 36

  • … Whig Party – 29

  • … Democratic-Republican Party - 27

  • … Crowned Democrats Party – 25

Minority bloc – Conservatives United

  • … Grand Republic Party – 201

  • … New Democratic Party – 185

  • … Patriotic Revolutionary Party – 15

Minority bloc supporters –

  • … Fatherland – 35

  • … Republic – 28

  • … New Unity Party – 25

  • … Golden Path – 24

Independents – 447 Representatives
136 LDA-aligned
109 CU-aligned

Senate political groups: Majority bloc – Liberal Democratic Alliance

  • … Liberal Democratic Party – 51

  • … New Republic Party – 50

  • … Socialist Revolution for the Republic – 46

Majority bloc supporters –

  • … Federalist Party – 18

  • … Serenity Party – 15

  • … Whig Party – 14

  • … Democratic-Republican Party – 11

  • … Crowned Democrats Party – 9

Minority bloc – Conservatives United

  • … Grand Republic Party – 48

  • … New Democratic Party – 36

  • … Patriotic Revolutionary Party – 12

Minority bloc supporters –

  • … Fatherland – 17

  • … Republic - 14

  • … New Unity Party – 13

  • … Golden Path – 10

    Independents – 23
    11 LDA-aligned
    8 CU-aligned

    Election

    Election methods: Instant-runoff voting
    E-democracy
    Meeting place


    Congressional Hall
    Arlington, Federal District of Arlington, Texas

    Federal House Chamber

    Federal Senate Chamber

Federal Congress
The Federal Congress, also known as the Capitol or the 2,026 (derived from the total amount of Congressional officials), is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the Republic consisting of two houses: the Federal Senate and the Federal House of Representatives. The Congress convenes at the Congressional Hall in the Federal District of Arlington in the state of Texas. Senators and Representatives are chosen in direct elections held every two years, though Senators can be recalled by their district leader (state Governors, autonomous republic Presidents, or federal district First Representatives) if found to be unfit for representation in Congress: district leaders can also appoint Senators pro tempore if a vacancy occurs before an election. Congress, in comparison to most legislatures, does not appoint a majority leader as the President of the Republic is both head of state & government – Congress does possess the power to initiate a government shutdown, alongside with calling for recall elections and votes of no confidence against members of Congress itself. The powers of the Congress are usually determined by the majority bloc of parties, with control of the purse, enacting or repealing laws, determining the efficiency of the executive and judicial branches, authorization of the Armed Forces, and co-operation with the Federal Cabinet. Elections are held every two years to recycle opened positions and coincide with the Presidential elections held every four years.
The Federal Congress also maintains the ability to impeach the President of the Republic if found in violation of executive powers, which is also contrasted by the President holding the power to veto any laws of Congress deemed too much in favor of the legislative or judicial branches. The Federal Congress notably passes laws that affect the nation as a whole and can overrule laws passed by district legislatures in violation of federal laws, though this requires judicial intervention.
In terms of representation, members of the House of Representatives are determined by population, set at 1 Representative per every 1,000,000 citizens of the Republic, and serve for four-year terms. Senators, in comparison, are set at 8 Senators per state, 7 per autonomous republic, and 9 per federal district, and serve for six-year terms that are staggered: every election has one-third of the Senate open for election. The Congress is also divided by party lines – as explained, the majority party contests control of the houses with the minority set by popular vote.
In comparison to the United States Congress, the Federal Congress notably possesses additional components and powers: the President of the Senate (Vice President) and President pro tempore delegate more time to serve in the chamber, the House of Representatives possesses a Presidium to serve alongside the Speaker of the House once elected, and the various committees are elected by members of Congress and focus to work in unison within the chambers.

Structure
The structure of Congress as a whole serves in the traditional powers of the legislative branch within a presidential republican government, serving alongside the President and assisting in the direction of progress for the Republic as a whole. During joint sessions of the Congress, the Speaker of the House serves as the leader during their term in office, while the Vice President serves as President of the Senate – such actions that are performed by the President include vote counting and delegation of power towards the Speaker.
Congress itself is usually determined by the serving session, with the current one (112th Federal Congress of the Republic) soon to be replaced with new members (the 113th session). The Congress itself is determined by external factors such as population increase and additional administrative districts added into the nation. The Congress also serves as the bridge of representation between the local district governments and the federal government, and helps to direct the powers and governing of the First Representatives within the Federal Districts that they serve.
The two houses of the Congress, the Senate and House of Representatives, serve as the representations of the nation and constituting districts of power. The House of Representatives, serving as the representatives to the populace, tend to display partisan divides – discussions are often heated and it is not uncommon to see physical altercations between opposing representatives. Such actions are met with swift impunity and censures delivered, with additional actions possibly extending to charges of assault. In contrast, the Senate, usually considered a more prestigious and collegial body, rarely sees conflicts break out, though this does not rule it out as impossible. The Senate, however, tends to suffer from issues such as mass censures or expulsions due to partisan conflicts boiling over.
Members of the houses are usually elected on a party ticket and serve with the bloc they are aligned to, with the majority bloc assigning members to serve in committees. The houses notably form committees based on Board designation (both the Senate and House of Representatives host a committee for each house – the House Committee of Armed Services serves along with the Senate Committee of Armed Services to determine issues such as placement of troops and equipment allocation and are just one of multiple committees in each house), though the Joint Committee of Constitutional Issues is one of the few committees not tied with the Boards, instead interpreting alongside the Federal Supreme Court on Constitutional affairs.
In contrast to most legislatures, the Federal Congress features support services such as the Library of the Congress, the Research Bureau (releases non-partisan reports on Senators, Representatives, and votes to the public), and the Finance Office to assist in Congressional affairs and payments. As for security detachments and affairs, the Board of National Defence deploys the Federal Police Department to assist in keeping order – the Sergeant at Arms of each house maintains the Federal Police Officers that patrol the Hall and delivers orders to protect the peace.

Procedures and Daily Tasks
Each meeting of Congress begins after elections have been made, with two ceremonial openings for the Congress: the standard Declaration of the Congress and the more grandeur Grand Declaration of the Government. The Declaration of the Congress notably begins with the completion of the standard elections where House and Senate seats (along with gubernatorial, sub-Presidential, and First Representative elections) are filled, with the traditional date held on August 15. The ceremony begins inside the Congressional Hall within the chamber of the House of Representatives in a joint session. During this session, the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House announce the new members of each house, the members congregated at the front of the rostrum where the Speaker, President of the Senate, President pro tempore, and Moderator of the Presidium sit. After the members are introduced, the President of the Republic enters and delivers the State of the Republic address detailing planned legislative achievements for the sessions of the Congress for the upcoming year. Once the President finishes, the two chambers are dismissed to begin the first session: here, the new members of the houses are individually sworn in and introduced to the rest of the house. Once the Declaration of the Congress concludes, the members of the houses begin the election for their chamber leader (given that the President of the Senate is also ex officio Vice President of the Republic, the President pro tempore is elected) which concludes three days after convening.
The Grand Declaration of the Government, however, is made with the general election that occurs alongside the Presidential election. The inauguration of the President is made at the front of the Congressional Hall with the new members of Congress convene under the inaugural stand. Once the President is sworn in, the new President of the Senate and the current Speaker of the House perform a public swearing for the respective members of the houses. The Grand Declaration, coinciding with the already grandeur inauguration of the Presidency, tends to display the Congress’s power and potential for the upcoming sessions.
Members of Congress can introduce proposals drafted from external agencies including state legislatures and the executive agencies, yet proposals are divided into multiple categories:

Bills
Joint resolutions
Concurrent resolutions
Simple resolutions
Each proposal holds unique protocols for passage and the subjects addressed: bills and joint resolutions require passage by the House, Senate, and President though bills are potential laws and joint resolutions are used for temporary actions. Concurrent actions affect both the House and Senate and do not require Presidential authorization immediately, and simple resolutions only affect one of the houses in passage. Each of the proposals require a 65% vote in favor of passage during a session, with further authorization needed based on the type of proposal.
Debates of the Floor are notably scheduled before each daily session, with the framers and opposition to each proposal granted time to deliver their position to the house. Traditional Debates are determined by the set of rules each house uses – both groups select their speaker to deliver their points, with the decision soon made once all members willing to speak have concluded: votes are made with a variety of systems, including a button system installed into the individual desks (a green button serves for yea, a red button for nay, and a grey button for abstain), a voter ID card (all members of Congress can insert a card into a slot at the desk within the last five minutes of voting: this allows the members to change their position and saves time for further Debates). Standard protocols are also made to remove unruly members of Congress if found to be in violation of the house rules – such incidents draw tend to draw in the public audience that can watch the sessions deliberate.
If a proposal such as a bill or joint resolution passes both houses, the President can approve or veto the proposal sent: if a veto occurs, both houses can override the decision if a two-thirds majority is made in each house. Alternatively, the President can simply not make a decision, which if not made in ten days, automatically makes the proposal law. A similar action to the above can occur when Congress is adjourned – the President can ignore the proposal, rendering a pocket veto Congress cannot override.

Caucuses and Subordinate Organs
Since the Congress is the largest existing legislature, organization and cooperation between members is necessary to resolve issues, but party-based decisions are an issue with cases such as gerrymandering having been recorded. As such, party organization is discouraged and both caucuses and blocs are mainly used to organize efforts. At the highest level, there are three camps within Congress: the left-wing Liberal Democratic Alliance, right-wing Conservatives United, and the Independents whose own decisions are determined by their political ideologies. The main blocs tend to compete over holding a majority in both houses, while the independents are mainly forced to ally with one of them to even obtain a seat. Below the blocs, however, members of Congress tend to organize into caucuses that pursue common objectives of all types, from domestic reform to racial relations and foreign support. The caucuses are notably non-partisan and tend to favor operating singular issues, which soon becomes an issue as hundreds of caucuses develop, with membership overlapping. Congress itself has several organs rarely seen in most legislatures, with some even drawn from socialist state legislatures. One of these organs is the Presidium of the House, composed of the senior members of all parties within the House: the Presidium serves to organize the House activities and selects members to serve in the committees. The Moderator, being the selected senior member, tends to communicate with both the Presidium and the Speaker of the House on certain issues.

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