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Overview

Free City of Teienshi
庭園市の自由都市
Teienshi no Jiyū Toshi



Flag


Motto:
"一人は皆のために、皆は一人のために"
(Japanese)
Hitori wa mina no tame ni, mina wa hitorinotameni
"One for all, all for one."


Anthem:
"Teienshi no Uta"



Location of Teienshi (red)


Population: 9,089,373
-Density: 8,859/km²


Capital: Teienshi (city-state)


Official Languages: English, Japanese


Ethnic Groups:
-78.1% Japanese
-8.6% Korean
-6.2% Chinese
-7.1% Other


Demonym: Teienshian


Government: Unitary semi-direct democracy
under a multi-party parliamentary republic
-Prime Minister: Mako Fujioka
-Deputy Minister: Shinji Okabe


Legislature: Parliament


Independence:
From United Kingdom: 1952


Land Area: 1,026 km² (396 sq mi)


GDP (nominal): 628.3 billion
GDP (nominal) per capita: 69,091


Human Development Index: 0.938


Currency: Teienshian Dollar


Time Zone: UTC + 9


Drives on the: left


Calling code: +83


Internet TLD: .te


Teienshi, officially the Free City of Teienshi (Japanese: 庭園市の自由都市; Teienshi no Jiyū Toshi) is a sovereign city-state in East Asia. It is located in the East China Sea on the crossroads between Japan, China and South Korea. Its territory consists of three main islands and hundreds of smaller islets, including many artificially created through the use of land reclamation.

Japanese fishermen first settled the islands at some point in the 9th century. In 1858, they were ceded to Great Britain as part of the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce for use as a trading post. The islands were occupied by Japan during World War II, but British control resumed in 1945. Seven years later, it was formally given independence. Beginning in the early 1970s, the Teienshian economy began to grow rapidly thanks to an increasing focus on innovation and industrialization.

Teienshi is a global center for finance and commerce, with one of the most competitive economies in the world. Teienshi is also one of the world's largest foreign investors. Investment in the IT sector has also lead to Teienshi becoming one of the most digitally advanced societies in the world. Teienshi is also one of the world's least corrupt countries, and has been identified as a tax haven.

Teienshi is a highly developed country, with the highest Human Development Index in Asia, and one of the highest in the world. It ranks highly in terms of education, health care, quality of life, life expectancy, civil liberties, and safety. Despite having a high degree of income inequality, Teienshi also maintains an extremely low rate of homelessness. Teienshi is also the most democratic country in Asia according to the LinkDemocracy Index, and the only Asian country to be classified as a "full democracy."

Etymology


The English name of Teienshi is an anglicisation of the native Japanese name for the area, 庭園市, which translates into Garden Town. The name comes from Teienshian folklore, which says that the islands were once the personal garden of an incredibly powerful nature spirit.

History



Ancient Teienshi

The oldest traces of human life on Teienshi date to approximately 7,000 years ago, and are in the form of bone fragments and pieces of pottery. These relics closely match artifacts from the Jōmon culture of Japan, but also bear similarities to the Jeulmun culture of prehistoric Korea.

The first written record of the islands comes from a biography of LinkJianzhen written in 779, which mentioned the island of Tsukishima. Shortly after, fishermen from Kyushu began settling the islands. In 1192, the islands came under the nominal rule of the LinkShimazu clan.

In 1543, Portuguese explorers landed on Teienshi, and established a feitoria in the general area of the modern day prefecture of Porto Verde. In 1609, the Dutch East India Company would also found a trading post on the island of Midorijima. However, after the beginning of sakoku in 1639, all foreigners were expelled from the island and the trade posts were dismantled.

British colonisation


Lord Elgin’s Statue
in Jōriku

On August 26, 1858, the LinkAnglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed by LinkLord Elgin and representatives of the Japanese government. As part of the treaty, the islands of Teienshi were purchased by the British Crown, formally becoming a crown colony on January 5, 1859 with Lord Elgin as its first Governor.

At the time, the islands only had a population of a few thousand people, most of whom were either fishermen or members of the local Shinto shrine. By 1880, an increasing number of migrants from Japan, Korea and Europe had caused the population to grow to 120,000. Most of these new migrants were attracted by Teienshi’s status as a free port and a center of trade.

During the First World War, Teienshi became a vital port for the British navy in the Pacific theatre of the conflict. However, Teienshi was overall not significantly affected by the war, with the only notable event being a minor confrontation with a German convoy. After the end of the First World War, Teienshi became the site of large scale projects in order to expand Teienshi’s naval capabilities and to provide the British Navy with a port in the Far East.

World War 2

On December 11, 1941, three days after declaring war on the United Kingdom, the Imperial Japanese Army invaded Teienshi, occupying the islands after a four-day conflict. Around 2,000 British soldiers belonging to the local garrison were killed, and a further 20,000 were captured. Following the surrender, Teienshi was renamed to Chūō shotō (中央諸島) meaning “Central Islands.”

Under Japanese occupation, the LinkKenpeitai would commit numerous atrocities against civilians in an attempt to purge all non-Japanese influences. The largest of these was the Shifū massacre in 1942, which claimed the lives of 28,000 ethnically Korean and Chinese civilians. During this time, Teienshi also suffered from major shortages of basic needs.

After the Japanese surrender in 1945, Teienshi was liberated by British forces on September 2. Until August 1946, Teienshi was governed by a military administration.

Post-war Period and Independence


Akihito Hayashi,
first Prime Minister
of Teienshi

After the end of military administration, Teienshi’s status as a crown colony was restored. However, continued resource shortages and a loss of faith in the United Kingdom’s ability to defend Teienshi led to calls for self-government. In response, the United Kingdom granted Teienshi Commonwealth status on June 21, 1952, effectively giving Teienshi independence.

In the subsequent elections, the pro-independence Party for Liberty won in a landslide victory, and Akihito Hayashi became Teienshi’s first prime minister. A year later on August 5, a referendum was held concerning whether or not Teienshi should unite with Japan, which failed. Later that year on November 1, a new constitution was ratified, establishing Teienshi as a fully independent, secular democratic republic.

Free City of Teienshi

The Party for Liberty would govern Teienshi until 1980. During this time, Teienshi underwent rapid social and economic reform and industrialization, and within two decades, the country moved from a Third World country to a First World economy. This economic success continued in the subsequent decades, with the GDP growing by an average of 9% every year until the end of the 20th century. Beginning in the late 80s and early 90s, Teienshi began to invest in high-tech industry, becoming a center for information technology and electronics manufacturing.

Teienshi joined the United Nations in 1958. Since then, its foreign policy has focused on building strong relations with the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, and South Korea. the 21st century, Teienshi began to suffer from issues such as a declining birth rate and stagnation of economic growth. Despite this, economic prosperity has continued, and modern Teienshian culture has proven to be popular and influential worldwide.

Politics



The modern Constitution, ratified in 1953, establishes the modern unitary republic. It outlines basic civil rights, divides power between the citizen and representative governments, and defines the three main governing bodies of Teienshi: The Prime Minister (executive), the unicameral Parliament (legislative), and the Supreme Court (judicial).

The Parliament is composed of one-hundred and twenty members that are elected every four years through a proportional system. Aside from creating and passing legislation, the Parliament also has the power of the purse, and the power to approve and dismiss government officials.

The executive government consists of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, and is in charge of creating and overseeing the bureaucracy, and approving and implementing legislation passed by Parliament and referendums. The Prime Minister is also able to propose legislation to the Parliament.

The modern legal system of Teienshi is based on English common law, with influences from traditional Japanese law. Although trials tend to be presided over by a random selection of Teienshian citizens, the presiding judge has the final say on all court decisions. The death penalty is in force in Teienshi, but is only reserved for violent crime.

A unique feature of Teienshi’s government is its use of direct democracy. Citizens can call a referendum that challenges a law passed by Parliament, provided that they obtain at least 50,000 signatures. If the requirements are met, a national vote is held, and a decision is made by simple majority. Referendums can also be used to challenge sections of the constitution, though these tend to be rare, and require 100,000 signatures and a double majority.

Geography



A view of the Emerald Straits between
Taiyoshima and Tsukishima
Teienshi consists of 106 islands, the largest of which are the three “core” islands of Tsukishima, Midorijima, and Taiyoshima. Ongoing land reclamation projects have substantially increased Teienshi’s land area and have created several new artificial islands, the largest of them being Denkishima just off the coast of Taiyoshima. The highest point is Mount Shirohana in central Tsukishima at 326.2 meters above sea level, while the lowest point is the surrounding East China Sea. Though Teienshi is located on a volcanic hotspot within the LinkPacific Ring of Fire, the region is seismically stable, and Teienshi has never had a significantly destructive earthquake in its recorded history.

Climate

Teienshi has a humid subtropical climate with mild winters and long, hot and humid summers. Precipitation is relatively common, especially during the summer. Typhoons are uncommon, and tend to strike during the summer months. Snowfall is sporadic, but almost always occurs at least once during the winter months. The average winter temperature in Teienshi is 5.3 °C, while the average summer temperature is 26.7 °C.

Cityscape

Teienshi's architecture is heavily influenced by modern architecture, and older buildings are rare, though some examples of colonial and pre-colonial architecture are preserved for historical reasons. With 259 buildings over 150 meters tall, Teienshi has the third largest number of skyscrapers in the world. The lack of space has resulted in residential and commerical complexes being built close together, and single-family homes are extremely rare.

Despite the high population density, green areas and public parks are relatively abundant in Teienshi. About 20% of Teienshi’s total area - including around half of Midorijima - is devoted to nature reserves that preserve the island group’s original flora and fauna, and a further 10% is devoted to civilian parks and green spaces.

Economy



Main floor of the Teienshi Stock Exchange
Teienshi has a highly developed market economy with the world’s fourth largest GDP per capita. The economy is primarily powered by high levels of innovation and economic freedom, a highly skilled and educated labor force, low tax rates, and extremely low levels of corruption. As of 2016, Teienshi has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the world at 3.7%.

The economy itself is highly diversified, with the largest contributions coming from financial services, electronics manufacturing, and information technology. Its main exports are computers, consumer electronics, and semiconductors. Teienshi is also a hub for international trade with the country being the world’s 16th largest exporter and 14th largest importer.

Tourism is also a major part of the economy, with over 15.2 million tourists visiting yearly. Popular tourist attractions include the city’s casino resorts, nature reserves, shopping districts, and hot springs. In recent years, Teienshi has also become a popular destination for medical tourism.

Transportation


A CT256 train used in
the Teienshi Metro
With its central location, Teienshi is a transportation hub for the Sea of Japan and the East China Sea. In an effort to curb congestion and pollution, the number of private cars is heavily restricted. Before buying a car, one must bid for a Permit of Ownership (PO), which is valid for a period of 10 years. Additionally, a complex system of electronic road pricing and tolls are in place, making private transportation a luxury.

The city’s public transportation system is managed by the state-owned Teienshi Transportation Company with the oversight of the Ministry of Transport, and services an average of 8 million people each day, making it one of the busiest mass transit networks in the world. Although the system is largely fare-based, public transportation is provided free of charge on special occasions, such as during elections and referendums.

The city’s subway system is the Teienshi Metro. The system consists of eight lines that serve 196 stations around the city, with an average ridership of 2.3 million per day. The island of Midorijima is serviced by a light rail system that provides scenic views of the nature reservation that encompasses the majority of the island.

Teienshi is home to six airports, two of which are civilian airports open to the general public. The main civilian airport, Hayashi Airport, is situated on Midorijima, and is a major air transportation hub for East Asia. Hayashi Airport has also been consistently rated as one of the best airports in the world by international travel magazines. The other civilian airport, Shifu Airport, is located in northern Tsukishima, and is primarily used for private aviation. The flag carrier, Teienshi Airlines, has consistently been ranked among the world's best airlines.

Teienshi’s ferry service operates three lines between Tsukijima, Midorijima and Taiyoshima while also providing scenic views of the city and access to islands not serviced by the metro. The private company Hoshi Lines operates several cruiseferries that provide connections to Nagasaki, Busan, and Shanghai.

Demographics


As of 2016, the population of Teienshi was estimated at around 9,089,373 people, of which 76.8% are citizens, while 17.5% are foreign workers and the remaining 5.7% are permanent residents. With a population density of 8,859 people per square kilometer, Teienshi is the second most densely populated nation in the world.

78.1% of Teienshi’s population is of Japanese descent, while 8.6% of Korean descent, and 6.2% of Chinese descent. Other significant minority groups include people of British, Indonesian, Malay, Indian, and Brazilian descent.

Due to the scarcity of land, 96.3% of the population lives in public developments built and subsidized by the government. Of these residents, 89.4% fully own their homes, while the remaining 10.6% pay rent to the government. The homeless population is negligible, with most estimates putting the number at around 450 individuals.

Teienshi has the highest life expectancy in the world at 84.6 years. However, the birth rate is one of the world’s lowest at 1.06. Despite this, population growth has been kept stable thanks to increased migration in recent years.

Religion

Teienshi is a secular society, and its constitution protects religious freedom. About 70% of the population identifies as Shinto, making it the largest religion, followed by Buddhism (16%), and Christianity (8%). Other religions account for the remaining 6%. However, other surveys, such as one that found that 86% of the population identified as nonreligious, suggest that these numbers could be purely based on identity and not on belief or practice.

Languages

Teienshi has two official languages: English and Japanese. All laws and government documents, including the Constitution, have both English and Japanese versions, and the majority of public signs throughout the city display both languages. However, English is the dominant language, and is the primary language used in business, government, and the medium of instruction in schools.

The majority of Teienshians are bilingual, with about 82.5% of the population being literate in both Japanese and English. Japanese is the most common first language with about 45.6% of the population having it as a mother tongue, while 36.8% of the population has English as their first language. Among the bilingual population, Linkcode-switching is common in informal conversation.

The most common minority languages are Korean, understood by 10.7% of the population, and Mandarin, understood by 8.6% of the population.

Culture


Teienshian culture is often described as a fusion of the East and the West. At its core, Teienshian culture consists of Japanese roots with a heavy British influence, while the modern culture also includes American, European, and Korean influences. Teienshian culture shares many cultural traditions with Japan such as kabuki, martial arts, calligraphy, origami, and onsen, along with British traditions such as afternoon tea, Christmas, orchestral music, and pubs.

Art


A manga store in Denkishima
Teienshian artistic tradition dates back to its establishment. Before its Westernization, Teienshi’s artistic output mainly consisted of woodblock prints and calligraphy. These arts continued after British colonization, though with a more obvious Western influence. Additionally, oil painting and photography became staples of Teienshian art.

In the late 80s, Japanese anime and manga became popular in Teienshi. This lead to the rise of domestic artists and animators who began producing their own works, which have proven to be as popular as their Japanese counterparts. Beginning in the mid-90s, Teienshi also became home to a substantial domestic video game industry.

Music

Teienshian music is incredibly diverse. Along with traditional Japanese instruments such as the shamisen and the koto, Teienshian folk music also makes use of Western instruments such as the piano and the fiddle. This music usually accompanied other visual performances, such as theater, dance, and later, silent cinema.

In the modern era, the rise of popular music in Europe and the Americas lead to the birth of T-Pop, or Teienshian popular music. At the same time, Karaoke spread from Japan to Teienshi, and quickly became one of the most popular social activities in the country.

Cuisine


A bento box
Teienshian cuisine is a combination of Japanese and British staple foods, which often overlap. Staples of Teienshian cuisine include bread, noodles, rice, fish, tofu, seaweed, and poultry. Teienshian cuisine is commonly prepared to either be quick and convenient to consume, or to be eaten as part of communal meals. A typical Teienshi day consists of four meals: breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, and supper.

Sweets are also commonplace in Teienshi. Traditionally, sweets are made from red bean paste and mochi. Modern popular confections include sherbet, shaved ice, and ice cream, all of which come in quintessentially Eastern varieties, such as green tea and red bean.

Tea is the most commonly consumed beverage, though consumption of coffee is on the rise. Pubs are common in Teienshi, but tend to be significantly different from their British counterparts, especially in terms of atmosphere and food served. sake, beer, and whiskey are the most common alcoholic beverages. Soft drinks are also popular, with the most common varieties being cola, lemon-lime, ginger ale, and sarsaparilla.

Holidays

Most of Teienshi’s national holidays, such as Halloween, Christmas, New Year’s Day, St. Patrick’s Day, and Easter, were introduced during British rule, and are celebrated to this day, though their religious significance has mostly been lost. Other holidays include Independence Day (June 21st), Victory Day (September 2nd), and Children’s Day (May 5th).

Festivals


Chochin parade at the Spring Festival
in Hanamura
Similar to Japan, Teienshi is the site of many festivals throughout the year, most often during the summer and between seasons. These festivals tend to be based around a specific event, and typically feature food stalls, carnival games, and entertainment, often in the form of musical and theatrical performances.

Local festivals are usually organized by prefectural governments, while citywide festivals are organized by the central government. Although they are often planned in conjunction with local Shinto organizations, the festivals themselves are secular and open to people of all faiths.

Sports

Traditional sports in Teienshi include martial arts such as kendo, judo, and karate. During British rule, association football and tennis also became popular in the country. The Teienshian football team has played in every World Cup since 1954, and Teienshi will host the final match the 2022 FIFA World Cup.

Board games such as shogi, go, and chess are also popular in Teienshi. Teienshian chess players have won a number of world championships, and Teienshi has one of the highest population of chess grandmasters in the world. Meanwhile, shogi and go are popular competitive sports in Teienshian schools.

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