by Max Barry

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The Federal Republic of
Left-wing Utopia

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Major Laws and Legislation ~ WIP ~

From the National Government Records Office...

As a matter of archival and reference purposes, this section has been designated to the many landmark pieces of legislation that have come to define Stroulia. These are the laws that best represent the nation and is the first impression that many will receive of Stroulia.

They have been organized in chronological order.

Stroulian Healthcare Act

Full Title: Stroulian National Prevention and Healthcare Act
Acronyms: SNPHA, SHA
Nicknames: Stroulian Healthcare Act, National Healthcare Bill, Universal Healthcare
Enacted: November 1, 1948; rewritten on August 6, 1970

Description

The Stroulian National Prevention and Healthcare Act is a bill that establishes a national healthcare system that provides freely covered health and medical services for all citizens of Stroulia.

~~
Bill to Create a National Healthcare System

IT IS HEREBY ENACTED BY THE NATIONAL COUNCIL THAT:

Section 1

  • The nation of Stroulia will from henceforth provide a national healthcare system that will cover all necessary and vital medical needs and procedures, funded through the income tax system and at no extraneous cost to the patient.

Section 2

  • Necessary and vital medical needs are hereby defined as:

    • Medical procedures that would help to alleviate injury, pain, or sickness.

    • Medicine that is needed to assist in recovery.

  • Extraneous cost would be defined as costs placed on the patient outside of what has been taken out of their income tax.

Section 3

  • This healthcare system will henceforth be overseen by the Stroulian National Health Department, who are to be funded by the government of Stroulia. This department will enforce this bill and will be in charge of all health operations and hospitals in Stroulia.

Section 4

  • This law will come into effect on November 5, 1948.

Section 5

  • All laws that come into conflict with this bill will from this point forward be considered null and void.


National Firearms Ownership Act

Full Title: National Firearms Sale and Civilian Ownership Act
Acronyms: NFSCOA, NFOA
Nicknames: National Firearms Ownership Act, Gun Reform, Firearms Act, Gun Control Bill
Enacted: September 25, 1985

Description

The National Firearms Sale and Civilian Ownership Act is a bill that defines the laws regarding the sale and ownership of firearms such as handguns, rifles, shotguns, etc.

~~
Resolution on Redefining Firearms Ownership and Use

Whereas,

  • The state of civilian firearm ownership is not well defined and there is little restriction on who is legally able to purchase firearms; and,

Whereas,

  • The current laws surrounding firearm ownership are vague and are too loosely regulated to be effective. There is also the issue of those who are allowed to purchase firearms,
    including those who are not considered mentally sound and/or have a criminal history; and,

Whereas,

  • The national level of gun crime and the mortality rate as a result of the current loose regulation is considerably higher than other countries with more regulation on firearms; and therefore, be it,

Resolved,

  • By this Congress, that:

    • To legally obtain firearms, a citizen must apply and register for a Firearms Ownership License (FOL), which covers firearms listed further on.

    • All firearm purchases are to be preceded by a comprehensive mental, physical and legal background check, including medical history and if there is an existing criminal record.

    • Those who are diagnosed with an existing mental disability/condition that inhibits normal interaction and/or function, or those who have an existing criminal history of any kind are to be barred from purchasing any form of firearm.

    • Firearms that may be legally obtained with a Firearms Ownership License are defined as:

      • Semi-automatic handguns and revolvers, defined as using a mechanism to automatically load and fire a bullet with the pull of the weapon's trigger.

      • Bolt-operated rifles, defined as using a bolt mechanism to load the next bullet into the chamber, and semi-automatic rifles in a non-military style (e.g. the M14 or Ruger 10/22).

      • Pump-operated shotguns, defined as using a pumping mechanism to load the next shell into the chamber.

    • Restrictions in regards to the use of weapons covered under the use of a FOL:

      • Firearms purchased have a waiting period of two (2) weeks minimum before they can be physically obtained by the individual.

      • Removable magazines may only be legally allowed to carry 10 rounds maximum.

      • Caliber, defined as the size of bullet's cartridge or a shotgun's shell (also known as the gauge), may not exceed 12.7 millimeters.

      • Handguns may not be carried visibly in public, and may only be concealed.

        • Concealed handguns consist of compact revolvers and compact pistols, and these pistols may only be legally allowed five rounds in their magazine.

        • Handguns that are considered "full-size" may not be carried in a concealed format, and only to be traveled in a designated gun box, and these boxes may not be taken in the public and kept within a person's vehicle.

      • Transporting a pump-operated shotgun and/or a bolt-operated rifle must be done within a box or case at all times and must not leave the vehicle until it is brought to a legally operating range, where it may be opened once on the range itself.

      • All guns kept in the home must remain within a locked gun box or case and be unloaded.

      • Semi-automatic rifles must remain in a designated individual's box at a range or gun dealer, and may only be used on ranges.

    • Automatic firearms, defined as using a mechanism that automatically and continuously loads a bullet/shell into the chamber as the trigger is held, cannot be obtained with a Firearms Ownership License. Weapons under this category cannot be purchased and instead are rented to use by the individual. To rent these weapons, an individual must:

      • Have a Firearms Ownership License for a minimum of five (5) years.

      • Must pass a written and range test to show an understanding of firearms use.

      • Must pay a one-hundred (100) pounds fee for ownership of an Automatic Firearm Use License (AFUL).

    • Weapons that fall under the purview of the AFUL:

      • Rifles that either fire in fully automatic or have the capability too, including military-style rifles (e.g. the AR-15 or AK-47).

      • Submachine guns (SMG), defined as firearms smaller than a rifle but larger than a handgun and that fire a handgun or rifle cartridge (e.g. the MP5).

      • Machine-pistols, defined as being handgun sized but firing automatically.

    • Restrictions in regards to the use of weapons covered under the use of an AFUL:

      • Weapons must remain in a designated individual's box at a range or gun dealer, and may only be used on ranges.

      • Removable magazines may only be legally allowed to carry 30 rounds.

      • Individuals must be monitored by a range employee to prevent the weapon from leaving the premises.

    • Those in exception to the previously defined FOL restrictions:

      • Farmers who require the listed firearms for the protection of livestock.

      • Hunters who wish to use the listed firearms for use on legally designated hunting ground.

    • Weapons that are banned from use by the general public including those with a FOL and AFUL:

      • Any weapons that operate within an explosive capacity, such grenades of any category and their launchers, as well as rocket and missile weapons.

      • Weapons that exceed the previously designated caliber limit of 12.7 millimeters.

    • Firearms may not be allowed on government premises, education and medical institutions, or public institutions such as theaters or museums; and, be it,

Further Resolved,

  • All previous legislation regarding civilian firearms ownership shall from here forward be considered null and void.


Marriage Equality Act

Full Title: Marriage and Union Fairness and Equality Act
Acronyms: MUFEA, MEA
Nicknames: Marriage Equality Act, Marriage Reform, Gay Marriage Act
Enacted: July 1, 2006

Description

The Marriage Equality Act was a landmark case that legalized the act of marriage between homosexual individuals. The law came into effect on July 1, 2006, after passing with 95 senators to 48 in the National Senate.

~~
Resolution on Recognizing Marriage Between Same-Sex Partners

Whereas,

  • The state of Stroulia currently does not legally allow the act of marriage between individuals of the same sexual orientation; and,

Whereas,

  • Despite the belief of the separation of the church and the state, religious institutions and/or individuals have been given the ability to deny homosexual couples the same rights as heterosexual individuals; and,

Whereas,

  • Same-sex partners face higher discrimination than other groups simply as a result of their sexual orientation, which goes against the standards and rights that the nation of Stroulia has taken to persue; and therefore, be it,

Resolved,

  • By this Congress, that:

    • Same-sex couples will henceforth be legally allowed to marry, and this marriage will be recognized and protected by the state.

    • Organizations, individuals and religious institutions will not be allowed to discriminate against homosexual individuals and couples.

Further Resolved,

  • All previous legislation regarding the marriage of same-sex couples shall from here forward be considered null and void.


Cannabis Legalization Act

Full Title: Cannabis Use and Sale Legalization Act
Acronyms: CUSLA, CLA
Nicknames: Cannabis Legalization Act, Marijuana Legalization, Drug reform
Enacted: May 6, 2008

Description

The Cannabis Use and Sale Legalization Act is a bill that legalizes the use and sale of cannabis or marijuana.

~~
Bill to Legalize the Sale and Possession of Cannabis

IT IS HEREBY ENACTED BY THE NATIONAL COUNCIL THAT:

Section 1

  • The nation of Stroulia will allow for the use of cannabis for recreational and medicinal purposes by its citizens, taxed and regulated by the government.

Section 2

  • Cannabis refers to the plants species of Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis, which is also commonly referred to "marijuana" or "weed" when used in the context of a psychoactive drug.

  • Medicinal use allows for the growth of cannabis for patients who require cannabis in order to subdue or mitigate the effects of a mental or physical condition.

  • Recreational use allows for the individual use of cannabis to achieve pleasurable mental effects, known as "getting high".

Section 3

  • The growth and cultivation of cannabis will be overseen by the Department of Food and Agriculture. The taxation of cannabis for sale will be overseen by the National Revenue and Treasury Department.

Section 4

  • This law will come into effect on May 6, 2008

Section 5

  • All laws that come into conflict with this bill will from this point forward be considered null and void.


Freely Open Internet Act

Full Title: Freely Open and Neutral Internet Act
Acronyms: FONIA, FOIA
Nicknames: Freely Open Internet Act, Internet Reform, Net Neutrality Act
Enacted: February 12, 2014

Description
The Freely Open Internet Act is the law that governs how the internet is treated in Stroulia, in that the government will not attempt to censor websites and website content, and that corporations may not attempt to slow a user's internet connection for the purposes of gaining revenue (known as "bottlenecking").

~~
Bill to Establish a Fair and Neutral Internet for Consumers

IT IS HEREBY ENACTED BY THE NATIONAL COUNCIL THAT:

Section 1

  • The nation of Stroulia will create law to enact "net neutrality" in the country and prevent internet service providers (ISP) from hampering this neutrality, and will disallow the government of Stroulia to censor content online.

Section 2

  • "Net neutrality" is henceforth defined as:

    • The content of the internet is available to all citizens of Stroulia without restriction.

    • Users of this content are not to be extraneously charged for being able to access it.

  • Hampering in this context is defined as:

    • ISP's attempting to arbitrarily slow a user's internet speed for the purposes of gaining a profit or to restrict access to online content.

Section 3

  • This new policy will be overseen by the National Telecommunications Agency who will enforce this policy and will make sure that ISP's follow this law.

Section 4

  • This law will come into effect on February 12, 2014.

Section 5

  • All laws that come into conflict with this bill will from this point forward be considered null and void.


(OOC: The only reason I'm doing this is because NS apparently has a limit on the number of factbooks. That's annoying, but there's only so much I can do to circumvent that limit.)
~ WIP ~

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