by Max Barry

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The Grand Duchy of
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6

History of Government in Schiltzberg

Monarchy Era

Grand Dukes

#

Name

Head of State

I

Nicolas

1718 - 1747

II

Antoine

1747 - Dec 24, 1774

III

Jean I

Dec 25, 1774 - Aug 14, 1808

IV

Henri

Aug 15, 1808 - Feb 13, 1840

V

Jean II

Feb 14, 1840 - Dec 2, 1862

VI

Mathias

Dec 3, 1862 - Aug 9, 1908

VII

Elmer

Aug 10, 1908 - Nov 2, 1936

VIII

Thomas

Nov 3, 1936 - July 11, 1971

IX

Benjamin

July 12, 1971 - Aug 7, 1999

X

Lucas I

Aug 8, 1999 - Dec 31, 2014

Grand Duke Nicolas Schiltz (1718-1747)

Nicolas Schiltz was a wealthy nobleman from Luxembourg who was given a large plot of land by Luxembourgish Grand Duke Charles V to reward him for his gallantry in action in the First Javanese War of Succession (1704 - 1707). In 1718, Nicolas founded a small town within this land, which he named Schiltzberg. He served as the Duke and mayor of Schiltzberg until he died some time in 1747.

Grand Duke Antoine (1747-1774)

As the favored son of Nicolas, Antoine inherited the responsibility of Duke of Schiltzberg from his father. He is the youngest known son of Grand Duke Nicolas, and is believed to have been the youngest Grand Duke in the history of Schiltzberg.

Grand Duke Jean I (1774-1808)

Inspired by the American Revolution and the succession of the American colonies from the British Empire, Grand Duke Jean asked the Grand Duke of Luxembourg for an official separation from the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg into its own independent grand duchy. Grand Duke Joseph of Luxembourg was saddened by the loss, but agreed to recognize the new kingdom to prevent a civil war. Jean declared himself Grand Duke of Schiltzberg, but recognized Grand Dukes Nicolas and Antoine as the first two Grand Dukes, hence, he is considered to have been the third Grand Duke.

Grand Duke Henri (1808-1840)

After being pressured by his father Jean, Grand Duke Henri made it his main goal to strengthen Schiltzberg's military, and increase the number of citizens.

Grand Duke Jean II (1840-1862)

Grand Duke Jean II achieved his father's goal of expanding Schiltzberg's international power. During his rule, Schiltzberg's geographic size increased from 1,000 square miles to 20,000 square miles, and the national census of 1860 said that the population of Schiltzberg had increased to over 1.1 million citizens.

Grand Duke Mathias (1862-1908)

Grand Duke Mathias is said to have been the father of modern Schiltzberg. He was the first Grand Duke in Schiltzberg to allow referendums on the legislation that he passed. He allowed the citizens to elect representatives from amongst themselves to speak with him, so that he could fulfill their needs. He is regarded as one of the greatest Grand Dukes from Schiltzberg.

Grand Duke Elmer (1908-1936)

Elmer was very much like his father, and continued his efforts to please his citizens. He guided the Schiltzbergers through German occupation in World War I. He started government funded schools and hospitals, and increased spending on education and healthcare.

Grand Duke Thomas (1936-1971)

When the National Socialist Party rose to power in neighboring Germany, Grand Duke Thomas prepared Schiltzberg for war. When Germany invaded Poland, Schiltzberg joined the Allied cause with the United Kingdom and France with the support of the Grand Duke. With the help of the Soviet Union, and later the United States, the Allies destroyed the Axis of Evil and regained law and order to Europe. After the war, Schiltzberg was given large portions of land from the former Germany, as well as several territories in Africa and Asia. Thomas was against imperialism, so he set helped the natives of these territories set up new governments and withdrew Schiltzbergian occupation after several years. After World War II, Schiltzberg became one of the biggest superpowers in the world thanks to Grand Duke Thomas' diplomatic efforts. He was a major opponent of communism, but he died suddenly before he was able to finish his efforts against it.

Grand Duke Benjamin (1971-1999)

Grand Duke Benjamin finished his father's efforts to end communism, which led to the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Benjamin is respected worldwide for his diplomatic efforts to peacefully fight radical political groups.

Grand Duke Lucas I (1999-2014)

When Grand Duke Lucas entered office on August 8, 1999, he gave a speech about how monarchies were a thing of the past, and how he hoped to create a new, more democratic form of government under his administration. It took several years, but on March 31, 2014, Lucas signed the Treaty of Schiltzberg, which stated that the people of Schiltzberg would have a democratically elected representative in government by the end of 2014. The Grand Duke organized a constitutional convention for August of 2014, which he promised not to attend so that he would not be biased. On August 19, 2014, the constitution was signed by the representatives of the people that the Grand Duke had approved, but Lucas was not happy with their constitution, because, while it did create more democratic policies, it still said that Schiltzberg would be led by a monarch rather than by a democratically elected president or prime minister. The Grand Duke called for a second constitutional convention that was to be held in November of 2014. On November 28, two major amendments were added to the constitution of August, 2014, which dismissed Grand Duke Lucas, and called for a democratically elected President to be elected. Lucas was overjoyed by their success and approved of the amendments. Elections were held, and on December 31, 2014, Grand Duke Lucas resigned as the tenth and final Grand Duke of Schiltzberg, ending an era, so that the President elect, Adam Bailey, could assume office on January 1, 2015.



Constitution Era

Presidents

#

Name

Political Party*

Head of State

I

Adam T. Bailey

C

Jan 1, 2015 - Dec 31, 2022

II

Eric M. Callahan

C

Jan 1, 2023 - Dec 31, 2030

III

Darrell I. Blakeslee

C

Jan 1, 2031 - Dec 31, 2038

IV

Lauren E. Robertson

C

Jan 1, 2039 - Dec 31, 2046

V

James A. Williams

L

Jan 1, 2047 - October 4, 2054


*Conservative Party of Schiltzberg (C) and Liberal Party of Schiltzberg (L)

President Adam Thomas Bailey (1st) (C) (2015-2022)

Adam Bailey swore to lower taxes, which gained him high respect among voters. He successfully achieved this goal by reducing the government budget, which, in turn, reduced taxes.

Bailey was also strongly against many of the socialist policies that were in place when he took office. He allowed the privatization of several industries, and accepted many capitalist policies, which brought the government out of debt, helped trade greatly, and improved the economy. He modernized the nation by making it more democracy-friendly, and set the standards for what a President was expected to do.

President Eric Matthew Callahan (2nd) (C) (2023-2030)

Eric Callahan was the Minister of Schiltzberg under President Adam Bailey's second administration, and he was spoken highly of by the then-outgoing President Bailey. He won two terms without challenge, and under his administration, many departments received much more funding so that they could fully benefit Schiltzberg in the ways that they had been created for.

Under Callahan, the economy thrived, becoming the most powerful in the world. The private industry continued to expand as President Callahan continued the capitalist policies of his predecessor.

President Darrell Isaac Blakeslee (3rd) (C) (2031-2038)

When Darrell Blakeslee was elected Vice President in 2026 on the same ticket as President Callahan, he quickly gained popularity with the voters. When President Callahan's second term expired, Blakeslee ran for and easily won the presidency with little opposition.

Blakeslee continued several conservative policies, but called for a cease to the advancement of the private sector, so as to give the "low-class" community a chance to thrive as well. He was an avid supporter of international relations, for example he was responsible for the opening of an embassy row and called for participation in the World Baseball Classic, an international baseball tournament. Blakeslee will forever be remembered for allowing Schiltzberg to be exposed to the outside world, and being a supporter of culture.

President Lauren Edna Robertson (4th) (C) (2039-2046)

Lauren Robertson was not only the first female President in Schiltzberg, she was the first woman to ever be head of state in the the nation. Despite making history, she was greatly qualified for the job, serving as both the Minister of Schiltzberg and Vice-President for one term each.

President Robertson was a great supporter of civil rights, and installed many during her Presidency. Being a woman, she focused mainly on women's rights, but also worked for racial equality as well. She was left office with a very high 67% approval rating, but due to scandals within her political party, the Conservative Party lost power to the Liberal Party following her constitutional removal from office.

President James Allen Williams (5th) (L) (2047-2054)

James Williams was elected as the first President representing the Liberal Party of Schiltzberg, following a political scandal during the 2044 Midterm Elections that rigged the election, so that Conservative Party candidate Janet Schuster would win re-election as Minister of Schiltzberg. Williams was qualified for the job of President, having previously served six years as Minister of Schiltzberg and four years as Vice President under President Lauren Robinson.

After gaining office, Williams expressed extreme political views, with were extremely opposing to what he had expressed in his campaign. Initially, the nation was in agreement, as they believed that change was good. Williams fought to expand the power of the government both domestically and internationally. He declared war on Germany, and gained much of its territory, nearly doubling the size of Schiltzberg. He instituted imperialist policies, which made Schiltzberg much more powerful on an international scale, but frightened many foreign countries as to what was to come.

Williams was elected to a second term in 2050 by an alarmingly sloped margin, and continued his policies throughout his second term. Schiltzberg gained seven colonies in the Pacific, three in the Atlantic.

In 1954, Williams expressed wishes to run for a third term, but the Justice Council became quickly alarmed, and forbid him from doing this, as it went against the Constitution's limit of two terms. Williams proposed an amendment to the Constitution, which would void the line that restricts Presidents to two terms, but this amendment was unanimously vetoed by both the High Council and the House of Representatives. The Justice Council impeached James Williams from the Presidency on October 4, 2054, following his statement concerning the abolishment of the Constitution, and appointed Merri Luong to serve the rest of his term, according to the Constitution.

Continued Here


The House of Representatives

#

Years in Service

Members (With Parties)

Speaker

I

(2015-2018)

139 (Conservative=71, Liberal=68)

Janet R. Hopson (L)

II

(2019-2022)

155 (Conservative=79, Liberal=76)

Stanley A. Rhoden (L)

III

(2023-2026)

171 (Conservative=86, Liberal=85)

Stanley A. Rhoden (L)

IV

(2027-2030)

189 (Conservative=98, Liberal=91)

Darrell I. Blakeslee (C)

V

(2031-2034)

206 (Conservative=107, Liberal=99)

Janet R. Hopson (L)

VI

(2035-2038)

223 (Conservative=116, Liberal=107)

Lauren E. Robertson (C)

VII

(2039-2042)

240 (Conservative=127, Liberal=113)

John B. Rodriguez (C)

VIII

(2043-2046)

256 (Conservative=130, Liberal=126)

James A. Williams (L)

IX

(2047-2050)

272 (Liberal=139, Conservative=133)

Merri B. Luong (L)


The High Council

#

Years in Service

Members (With Parties)

Speaker

I

(2015-2016)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Stanley A. Rhoden (L)

II

(2017-2018)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Harrison K. Conley (C)

III

(2019-2020)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Sarah C. Green (L)

IV

(2021-2022)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Eric M. Callahan (C)

V

(2023-2024)

25 (Liberal=13, Conservative=12)

Sheldon C. Reid (L)

VI

(2025-2026)

25 (Liberal=13, Conservative=12)

Janet R. Hopson (L)

VII

(2027-2028)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Harrison K. Conley (C)

VIII

(2029-2030)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Harrison K. Conley (C)

IX

(2031-2032)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

James A. Williams (L)

X

(2033-2034)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Lauren E. Robertson (C)

XI

(2035-2036)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

James A. Williams (L)

XII

(2037-2038)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

James A. Williams (L)

XIII

(2039-2040)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Rafael M. Graham (C)

XIV

(2041-2042)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Janet L. Schuster (C)

XV

(2043-2044)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Janet L. Schuster (C)

XVI

(2045-2046)

25 (Conservative=13, Liberal=12)

Janet L. Schuster (C)*
Harrison K. Conley (C)**

XVII

(2047-2048)

25 (Liberal=13, Conservative=12)

Sarah C. Green (L)

XVIII

(2049-2050)

25 (Liberal=13, Conservative=12)

Sarah C. Green (L)


*Janet L. Schuster resigned due to threat of impeachment following a political scandal, effective Aug 19, 2045.
**Harrison K. Conley was voted by the High Council to serve the rest of Schuster's term, effective Aug 20, 2045.


The Justice Council

Seat

Name

Time in Office

President's Appointment

Chief Justice

1

Isaac L. Wood

Jan 1, 2015 - Apr 16, 2017

Bailey

Jan 1, 2015 - Apr 16, 2017

2

Joel C. Vetter

Jan 1, 2015 - Jul 22, 2021

Bailey

Apr 17, 2017 - Jul 22, 2021

3

Joseph N. Dorsett

Jan 1, 2015 - Feb 25, 2028

Bailey

Jul 23, 2021 - Feb 25, 2028

4

Guadalupe R. Hilliard

Jan 1, 2015 - Feb 6, 2022

Bailey

5

Robert L. Waterbury

Jan 1, 2015 - Oct 4, 2054*

Bailey

Feb 26, 2028 - Oct 4, 2054

6

Walter A. Lane

Jan 1, 2015 - Jul 31, 2023

Bailey

7

Patricia O'Neil

Jan 1, 2015 - Aug 22, 2033

Bailey

8

Carlos I. Yosef

Jan 1, 2015 - Jan 9, 2050

Bailey

9

Darius B. Lants

Jan 1, 2015 - Nov 7, 2041

Bailey

1

Delma L. Hill

Apr 17, 2017 - Dec 1, 2028

Bailey

2

Margaret R. Shuler

Jul 23, 2021 - Oct 4, 2054*

Bailey

4

Michael F. Dupree

Feb 7, 2022 - Apr 16, 2030

Bailey

6

Lloyd A. Moll

Aug 1, 2023 - Aug 20, 2031

Callahan

3

Willard V. Fowler

Feb 26, 2028 - May 13, 2030

Callahan

1

Barbara L. Florian

Dec 2, 2028 - Oct 10, 2030

Callahan

4

Sunday P. Moris

Apr 17, 2030 - Oct 4, 2054*

Callahan

3

Robert J. Pierce

May 14, 2030 - Oct 4, 2054*

Callahan

1

Carolyn R. Mitchell

Oct 11, 2030 - Jun 10, 2033

Callahan

6

Scott M. Lang

Aug 21, 2031 - Oct 4, 2054*

Blakeslee

1

Dianne T. Jennings

Jun 11, 2033 - Oct 4, 2054*

Blakeslee

7

Joseph G. Gentry

Aug 23, 2033 - Oct 4, 2054*

Blakeslee

9

Steven A. Bryant

Nov 8, 2041 - Oct 4, 2054*

Robertson

8

William M. Walton

Jan 10, 2050 - Oct 4, 2054*

Williams


*Assassinated by Emperor James I's troops on October 4, 2054

Authoritarian Era

Emperors

#

Name

Supreme Emperor

I

James I

October 2, 2054 - December 25, 2055

II

James II

January 1, 2056 - February 10, 2056

Emperor James I (2054-2055)

Outraged by the opposition against his running for a third term, on October 2, 2054, President James Williams declared himself the Supreme Emperor of Schiltzberg, and abolished the Constitution. The members of the Justice Council declared that Williams was to be impeached, and that his Vice President Merri Luong was the new President. On the day of his impeachment trial, Williams ordered the military to assassinate all members of the Justice Council, and after this was done, he declared himself the new Supreme Justice.

The nation was sent into great turmoil, and civil conflict. Protestors rose up, but their protests were violently suppressed by Emperor James' military. All members of the High Council or the House of Representatives that were in opposition of Williams' reign were killed, and Williams declared himself the leader of both councils.

On October 10, 2054, Emperor Williams invaded France, which was the spark of World War III. Much of Europe, including Schiltzberg's closest ally Luxembourg, declared war on the new Empire of Schiltzberg, and fought to overthrow the rebel government. Williams' superior army initially was victorious, succeeding to overtake much of France, Spain, Germany, Austria and all of the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Switzerland by January of 2055.

Problems started to arise for the Emperor in mid-February, when the opposing Allies strengthened in numbers, and started to push the Emperor's forces back. Mutinies in Schiltzberg's army brought more problems, and many gaps were opened, resulting in the loss of a lot of territory, particularly in parts of Spain and France.

On top of the World War, civil war broke out in Schiltzberg, between those that were for and those that were against the Emperor. The rebels fought to eliminate the Emperor, and to restore the old Schiltz Dynasty, which had willingly succumbed to the Republic in 2014. The grandson of the last Grand Duke of Schiltzberg was declared as Grand Duke Lucas II of Schiltzberg, and was the trademark of the Revolution. Many of the Emperor's troops abandoned him, and joined the other side, which greatly hurt the Emperor's chances of succeeding.

By October of 2055, the Allies were starting to close in on what remained of the Emperor's army, but Emperor James was not willing to accept defeat. He continued to enlist more and more troops, but he was still losing troops faster than he was gaining them, either from abandonment or death.

On December 25, 2055, an rebel spy, who was disguised as a military body guard of the Emperor, assassinated the Emperor in his home; the event is now commonly called "The Christmas Miracle." The Empire was thrown into violent anarchy, until Emperor James' young son James II was crowned as the new Emperor on January 1, 2056.

Emperor James II (2056)

James II was crowned after his father's sudden assassination on Christmas Day of 2055. He, a young seventeen-year-old, was suddenly put in a position where he was the leader of a warring Empire, which controlled a large amount of Europe, and he had no political or military experience whatsoever.

James II was not a strong leader, and his reign saw the collapse of the Empire of Schiltzberg. All of the territory that James I had gained on the Allies was lost within a matter of one month. The Allies invaded Schiltzberg on January 28, and captured the young Emperor on February 10. He was imprisoned, and stripped of his position, and the Empire was abolished.


Transition Era

February 10, 2056 - March 31, 2056

On February 10, 2056, following the capture of Emperor James II, the Allies appointed Darrell Blakeslee, former President of the Federal Republic of Schiltzberg and the leader of the rebels against the Emperor in the Schiltzbergian Civil War, to be the temporary Chancellor of Schiltzberg, while a treaty was written to end World War III and the Schiltzbergian Civil War. The Allies also appointed 100 Schiltzbergers to a Constitutional Convention, to write a new constitution for the nation of Schiltzberg.

The Constitutional Convention, led by Chancellor Blakeslee, did not want to re-establish the Republic, as they saw that the President had too much power, and wanted there to be a mere figurehead as the Head of State. The people of Schiltzberg wished to re-institute the Schiltz Dynasty, which had traditionally ruled Schiltzberg since its creation in 1718, and so the Convention incorporated this idea into the Constitution, and therefore established a sort of constitutional monarchy, with a figurehead Grand Duke, and a Parliament made up of one Prime Minister and one member for every ten million people.

On March 1, the Constitution was ratified by the Constitutional Convention, and on March 13, it was officially ratified by the Schiltzbergian people. On March 31, 2056, the transition was ended with Lucas II's coronation as the eleventh Grand Duke, and Darrell Blakeslee's stepping down as the temporary head of state.

Meanwhile, the Treaty of New Schiltzbierg was written, which ended both of the wars that Schiltzberg had been fighting. The treaty praised Schiltzberg's new form of government, and declared that there was no reason to continue fighting. That treaty was instituted on March 11, 2056.


Restored Monarchy Era

Grand Dukes

#

Name

Head of State

XII

Lucas III

March 31, 2056 - June 20, 2076

XIII

Lucas IV

June 20, 2076 - Current

Grand Duke Lucas III (2056-2076)

Lucas Schiltz III, son of Lucas Schiltz II, son of Lucas Schiltz I, who was the last monarch of Schiltzberg before the Constitution Era, was made Grand Duke Lucas III (as he considered his father Grand Duke Lucas II), following two years of bloody conflict in what is known as the Schiltzbergian Revolution. Before he was the Grand Duke, Lucas III was a symbol of the rebellion against Emperor James I in both the Schiltzbergian Civil War and World War III. In order to escape the risk of being captured or killed, Lucas fled to the United States for two years, where he was heavily guarded, until the Emperor was killed and it was safe for him to return to Schiltzberg.

Schiltzbergers were extremely proud to have restored the Schiltz Dynasty, and participation in the new government by the general populace is at an all-time high. Lucas III has taken drastic measures to centralize his power as the monarch of the nation and to restore the Schiltz Dynasty to the full glory that it had attained up until Lucas I's reign, when the grand duchy was abolished. Lucas III centralized the government by abolishing the old governing districts, which had divided Schiltzberg into forty-seven provinces under the old republic, and made everything federal. This created a national unity, as the entire nation was following the same laws. He created a large recruitment and training program for the military, which created a surprisingly peaceful nation, as no other nation wanted to attack them. Lucas III created laws making divorce, abortion, drug and tobacco use, and euthanasia illegal, as these "are against good morals," he said. Citizens knew that these laws were strict, but many believed that they were necessary, and they agreed with them, as they believed that they were moving toward a truly utopian society.

Lucas III promised equality for the people, and decreed that all persons under the poverty line would not need to pay national taxes, and instead heavily taxed the richest five percent of the population. In 2061, Lucas III accepted socialism, which initially caused great controversy and opposition, especially from the rich, but was finally accepted after Lucas persisted in his efforts to instill it into the society. On an international scale, there was a large amount of protesting against the move in the United States, and the United States declared war on Schiltzberg in 2063 in an attempt to end socialism. The United States hoped to win international support, but no other nations seemed to gain any interest either way, and the United States soon became a laughingstock after being horribly defeated by Schiltzberg's far superior army in less than six months. The war actually gained a lot of support for Schiltzberg, and the nations of Poland, Germany, and Switzerland were the first ones to convert to what Schiltzberg calls "benevolent socialism." Eventually, more and more nations started to switch over to this war of governing, until it became the norm. Lucas III is widely considered to be the first utopian ruler of any nation.

Grand Duke Lucas IV (2076-)

Following the death of his father, Lucas IV has large shoes to fill, as he hopes to continue his policies.

The Grand Duchy of Schiltzberg

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