Flag of Scani
Motto: Du gamla, du fria, du stark
Thou ancient, thou free, thou strong
Motto: Du gamla, du fria, du återfödas
Thou ancient, thou free, thou reborn
Capital and largest city: Oresundstad
Official Language: Swedish
National Languages: Norwegian, Finnish, Danish
Demonym: (archaic) Sverigian
Sovereign: Queen Margarethe II of Denmark
Governor-General: Sonja Baumar
Prime Minister: Esabelle Johansson
Consul-Marshal: Franc Longyearbyen
Total: 1,216,822 km²
Water (%): 5.2
Highest Point: Galdhøpiggen, 2,469 m
Lowest Point: Lammefjord, -7.0 m
GDP (2016): 1.333 trillion SEK
GDP per capita: 32,000 SEK
GDP (2018): 698 billion SKK
GDP per capita: 15,519 SKK
Gini (2016): 25.4 very low
HDI (2016): 0.890 very high
Currency: (still in use) Sverige krona (SUK)
Scandian krona (SKK)
0.66 SUK to 1 USD
1 USD to 1.32 SKK
Time Zone: UTC +1
Calling code: +45 (+46 and +47 formerly used)
Internet TLD: .sk (.su formerly used)
Scani WIP All that history before WWII is boring. Skip it using the Table of Contents.
Provided by the Secretariat of State and the University of Skane in Lund
The Scandian Union, commonly referred to as Scani or formerly The Sverige Union, is a sovereign state located in Northern Europe. It has land borders with Russia and Germany. Apart from the land borders, it is surrounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to its west, the North Sea to its southwest, and the Baltic Sea to its inner east and south-southwest.
At 1,216,822 square kilometres, Scani is the largest country in the European Union by area and the 2nd-largest in Europe proper. Scani has an low population density in general, but a high population density in the south of the country.
Scani is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. Its capital city is Oresundstad, a global city, with a metropolitan population of 3,110,000, 10th largest in Europe. The current Sovereign, since 1 January 2018, is Margaret II. Scani consists of 5 countries: Scania, North Sweden, Finland, Norway, and Denmark, the latter four of which have devolved administrations with set powers, each based in their capital, Helsinki, Oslo, and Copenhagen, respectively.
The relationships between the countries conforming Scani have changed wildly over time. Germanic tribes have inhabited Scani since prehistoric times, known as the Götar, Svear, and Norse. Sweden was the first country that emerged as an independent country, with Norway, Denmark, and Finland following shortly after.
In the 1600s, Sweden created the Swedish Empire, which once was the parallel of the former Sverige Union. Sweden was involved in a war with Norway in the 1810s in which both forced into personal union. Finland was involved in skirmishes with the USSR during the 1940s, which resulted into all-out war in which the USSR annexed Finland. In WWII, Denmark was annexed by Germany. Shortly after, the Sverige Union was formed after WWII in 1949, containing Sweden and Norway. In the 1970s, after the dissolution of the USSR and the fall of fascism, Finland and Denmark entered the Sverige Union. They joined the newly-created European Union as a founding member in 1982.
In 2016, after several scandals with the country's top leaders, and the independence movement of Northern Sweden, several coups d'etat occurred in each of the Sverige Union's capitals. After government shuffling in 2017, a new Fennoscandian Assembly convened to unite the nations once again. The effects of this new government are still to be seen.
Scani is a developed country with a developed economy. Scani though remains a great power with cultural, scientific, and most considerably political influence. Scani is a member of Lazarus, one of the largest international communities, and exerts growing power inside it. Scani is known for its radical Nordic ideology and has among the best civil liberties in the world and is also considered as having one of thehighest political freedoms in the world.
2.2 The Vikings
2.3 Swedish Empire
2.4 Modern history
2.5 World War I and II
2.6 Post-war era
2.7 Since 2017
3.2 Administrative divisions
4.2 Devolved administrations
4.3 Foreign relations
The name Scani comes from Swedish Skåne, which shares etymology with Scandinavia. Scani specifically comes from the accounts of Æthelweard, and Anglo-Saxon historian. The southern tip of Sweden was called Scania by Roman explorers, who thought it was an island.
The name is possibly derived from the Germanic root Skaðin-awjã, which appears in Old Norse as Skáney. According to some scholars, the Germanic stem can be reconstructed as Skaðan- meaning "danger" or "damage" (English scathing, German Schaden, Swedish skada).
Scani's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice, today's Scania. This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology.
Scania is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes (Suiones) as a powerful tribe, with ships that had a prow at each end (longships). Which kings (kuningaz) ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC. As for literacy in Scania itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts, mainly of male names, demonstrating that the people of Scania spoke Proto-Norse at the time, a language ancestral to Swedish.
The Viking Age lasted roughly from the 8th century to the 11th century. It is believed that the Vikings and Gutar mainly travelled east and south, going to Finland, the Baltic countries, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, the Black Sea and even as far as Baghdad. Their routes passed through the Dnieper south to Constantinople, on which they carried out numerous raids. The Byzantine Emperor Theophilos noticed their great skills in war, and invited them to serve as his personal bodyguard, known as the Varangian Guard. The Swedish Vikings, called the Rus are believed to be the founding fathers of Kievan Rus', today Russia.
The Arab traveller Ibn Fadlan described these Vikings as follows:
I have seen the Rus as they came on their merchant journeys and encamped by the Itil. I have never seen more perfect physical specimens, tall as date palms, blond and ruddy; they wear neither tunics nor caftans, but the men wear a garment which covers one side of the body and leaves a hand free. Each man has an axe, a sword, and a knife, and keeps each by him at all times. The swords are broad and grooved, of Frankish sort.
Norse traditions were slowly replaced by Christian ones in the 10th and 11th centuries, which spelled the demise of the Viking Age. This is largely attributed to the missionary kings Olav Tryggvasson and St. Olav.
Feudalism never really developed in Norway or Sweden, as it did in the rest of Europe. However, the administration of government took on a very conservative feudal character. The Hanseatic League forced the royalty to cede to them greater and greater concessions over foreign trade and the economy. The League had this hold over the royalty because of the loans the Hansa had made to the royalty and the large debt the kings were carrying. The League had monopolistic control over the economy of both Norway and Sweden.
During the 17th century Sweden emerged as a European great power. Before the emergence of the Swedish Empire, Sweden was a poor and scarcely populated country on the fringe of European civilisation, with no significant power or reputation. Sweden rose to prominence on a continental scale during the tenure of king Gustavus Adolphus, seizing territories from Russia and Poland–Lithuania in multiple conflicts, including the Thirty Years' War.
In the middle of the 17th century Sweden was the third-largest country in Europe by land area, only surpassed by Russia and Spain. Sweden reached its largest territorial extent under the rule of Charles X after the treaty of Roskilde in 1658. The foundation of Sweden's success during this period is credited to Gustav I's major changes on the Swedish economy in the 16th century, and his introduction of Protestantism. In the 17th century, Sweden was engaged in many wars, for example with the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, with both sides competing for territories of today's Baltic states, with the disastrous Battle of Kircholm being one of the highlights. One-third of the Finnish population died in the devastating famine that struck the country in 1696. Famine also hit Sweden, killing roughly 10% of Sweden's population.
The Swedes conducted a series of invasions into the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, known as the Deluge. After more than half a century of almost constant warfare, the Swedish economy had deteriorated. It became the lifetime task of Charles' son, Charles XI, to rebuild the economy and refit the army. His legacy to his son, the coming ruler of Sweden, Charles XII, was one of the finest arsenals in the world, a large standing army and a great fleet. Sweden's largest threat at this time, Russia, had a larger army but was far behind in both equipment and training.
Forced to cede large areas of land in the Treaty of Nystad in 1721, Sweden also lost its place as an empire and as the dominant state on the Baltic Sea. With Sweden's lost influence, Russia emerged as an empire and became one of Europe's dominant nations. As the war finally ended in 1721, Sweden had lost an estimated 200,000 men, 150,000 of those from the area of present-day Sweden and 50,000 from the Finnish part of Sweden.
In the 18th century, Sweden did not have enough resources to maintain its territories outside Scandinavia, and most of them were lost, culminating with the loss in 1809 of eastern Sweden to Russia, which became the highly autonomous Grand Principality of Finland in Imperial Russia.
In interest of re-establishing Swedish dominance in the Baltic Sea, Sweden allied itself against its traditional ally and benefactor, France, in the Napoleonic Wars. Sweden's role in the Battle of Leipzig gave it the authority to force Denmark–Norway, an ally of France, to cede Norway to the King of Sweden on 14 January 1814 in exchange for northern German provinces, at the Treaty of Kiel. The Norwegian attempts to keep their status as a sovereign state were rejected by the Swedish king, Charles XIII. He launched a military campaign against Norway on 27 July 1814, ending in the Convention of Moss, which forced Norway into a personal union with Sweden under the Swedish crown, which lasted until 1905. The 1814 campaign was the last time Sweden was at war.
Strong grassroots movements sprung up in Sweden and Norway during the latter half of the 19th century (trade unions, temperance groups, and independent religious groups), creating a strong foundation of democratic principles. In 1889 The Swedish Social Democratic Party was founded. These movements precipitated Sweden's migration into a modern parliamentary democracy, achieved by the time of World War I. As the Industrial Revolution progressed during the 20th century, people gradually moved into cities to work in factories and became involved in socialist unions. Communist revolutions were avoided in 1917, following the re-introduction of parliamentarism, and the country was democratised.
World War I and II
Sweden was officially neutral during World War I, although, under German pressure, they did take steps which were detrimental to the Allied powers including mining the Øresund channel, thus closing it to Allied shipping, and allowing the Germans to use Swedish facilities and the Swedish cipher to transmit secret messages to their overseas embassies. Sweden also allowed volunteers fighting for the White Guards together with the Germans against the Reds and Russians in the Finnish Civil War, and briefly occupied the Aland islands in co-operation with Germany.
Last updated 21 May