le Royaume de Saintonge
Civil Flag (left) and Coat of Arms (right)
Motto: "Dieu, Patrie, Famille."
"God, Country, Family."
National Anthem: "Le Saintongeais"
Largest City: Saintes (9,001,273)
Demonym: Santonian (Mercanti);
Saintongeais/e (local language)
Official Language: Santonian (Saintongeais)
Official Religion: Santonian Courantism
- Foundation: ancient
- Constitution: 07 September 1794
- Total: 686,619.20 km² (265,105.156 mi²)
- % Water: 1.575%
- 2020 Census: 133,505,667
- Density: 194.44 persons/km²
- Highest Point: Mont Blanc (4,889 m)
- Lowest Point: sea level (0 m)
GDP: 2020 estimate
- GDP: $6,677,675,093,354(£ 10,016,512,640,030)
- GDP per capita: $50,018 (£ 75,027)
Currency: livre (£)
- Valuation: $1 = £ 1.50 (December 2020)
Time Zone: SST
Drives on the: right
Calling code: +15
Internet TLD: .st
The Kingdom of Saintonge (Santonian: le Royaume de Saintonge) is a nation in the continent of Meterra in Eras. It is bordered by the North Meterran Sea to the north and east, Cimmeria to the south, Bitter Lake to the west, and terra nullius to the northwest. Its capital is Saintes. The country is notable for its scientific contributions, the social cohesion of its inhabitants, and its cultural and gastronomic offerings.
- Main Article: History of Saintonge
The Kingdom of Saintonge is a centralised constitutional monarchy, with its basic law being the Constitution of 1792, one of the oldest governing documents in Eras.
- Main Article: Monarchy of Saintonge
The current head of state and monarch is King Thibault II, who serves primarily symbolic and ceremonial roles. A certain degree of reserve powers (pouvoirs modérateurs) is vested in the King, but in modern times this is treated as a hands-off last resort.
- Main Article: Current Government of Saintonge
Executive power is ceremonially vested in the King, though it is exercised by the Prime Minister (Premier ministre) and his/her Cabinet.
- Main Article: Parliament of Saintonge
The Santonian Parliament is divided into two chambers: the ceremonially lower but more powerful National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) and the ceremonially higher but less powerful House of Lords (Chambre des seigneurs).
- Main Article: Judiciary of Saintonge
Saintonge is divided into 89 departments (départements) and one department-level city (Saintes). These serve as the first-level subdivisions of the country, with its own level of local government. Each department has its own superintendent (superintendant) appointed by the central government, who oversees the work of the departmental general councils (conseils généraux départementaux). These general councils are the legislatures of the departments, which have a parliamentary form of government.
The departments are further divided into 440 intendancies (intendances), headed by an intendant who is serving under the department's superintendant. Intendancies are purely for administrative purposes only and have no layer of government.
The intendancies are composed of parishes (paroisses), the lowest layer of local government in Saintonge. Parishes cover all of the country, including protected parks and mountainous regions. Copied from the ecclesiastical system, the civil parishes are composed of one or more ecclesiastical parish or one or more cadastral locality. Civil parishes may be given the ceremonial titles of "city" (ville) upon meeting some requirements, but legally are still parishes. Thus, all cities are parishes; but not all parishes are cities. All parishes are headed by a mayor (maire), assisted by a parish council (conseil paroissial) of 3 to 21 members, depending on the parish's population.
An exception is the capital city of Saintes. Legally it is composed of one parish, but is further subdivided into boroughs (arrondissements).
- Main Article: Santonian National Church
The predominant sect is the Santonian National Church (l'Église courantiste, nationale, et saintongeaise), a breakaway Courantist church with its own Pope, the Patriarch-Archbishop of Saintes, Primate of the Santonians.
There is no formal separation of church and state in Saintonge. Being a national church, membership in the Santonian National Church is compulsory, though religious practice is optional. It means all Santonian citizens are required to be a member of the Santonian National Church, but are not required to attend its services and sacraments. Participation in religious life is still high; about 80% of citizens still attend services every Sunday.
In addition, the Santonian National Church fulfills, or had fulfilled, some of the services provided by the government in other countries. Until 1887, each ecclesiastical parish was responsible for primary education and the dioceses/archdioceses for secondary education; only tertiary education was provided by the state. With passage of the Chenonceaux Law, the state assumed responsibility for education, but religious education is still included in the curriculum of Santonian schools. The civil registry (records of births and deaths) was in the hands of the church until 1889, though ecclesiastical parishes still hold baptismal records. The main exception nowadays are marriage records, as Saintonge does not have civil marriage (and civil divorce). All marriages in Saintonge are to be performed by "recognized churches" (églises reconnus), which are enforced by the state. In practice, since there is only one recognised church in Saintonge for Santonian citizens, all marriages (and annulments of marriages) must occur within the Santonian National Church if one or both of the parties are Santonian citizens. Since 2017, Saintonge had recognised and enforced valid marriages contracted in another country (including same-sex marriages), provided both parties are not Santonian citizens (as Santonian citizens are required to be members of the national church).
Interestingly, while Saintonge does not have civil marriages on paper, in practice there is an option for a civil union, the "registered partnership" (partenariat enregistré). These "registered partnerships", established by the Primeau Law of 2016, are legally recognized arrangements similar to marriage open to "Santonian couples who could not marry in any recognized church" - effectively limiting it to same-sex couples. Essentially, the "registered partnerships" provides all the benefits and responsibilities of marriage to the couple but without the label "marriage", because, as the law's author Louis-Auguste-François Primeau d'Avennes said, "the term "marriage" is to be reserved for those unions done under the church." In effect, these "registered partnerships" bypass Saintonge's lack of civil marriage.
- Main Article: Education in Saintonge
- Main Article: Health Care in Saintonge
- Main Articles: Economy of Saintonge, Santonian livre
- Main Article: Energy in Saintonge
Saintonge is one of the countries that is very reliant on nuclear power, generating a majority of its energy needs through nuclear power plants. Much of the remainder of the energy demand is provided by non-fossil fuel sources, such as solar, wind, waste-to-energy, hydroelectric, biofuel, and geothermal power plants.
With its decreased reliance on fossil fuels for its power supply, Saintonge is entirely self-sufficient for oil, coal, and gas, relying on its small reserves to meet demand.
- Main Article: Land Transport in Saintonge
- Main Article: Communications in Saintonge, Media in Saintonge
- Main Articles: Cuisine of Saintonge, Arts in Saintonge, Sport in Saintonge
- Main Article: Military of Saintonge
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