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Official Factbook of the Holy Romagnan Empire of Karlsland

Karlsland



This article is about Karlsland proper unless stated otherwise. For its colonies, see the relevant dispatches.
The Holy Romagnan Empire of the German Nation (English)
Heiliges Römagnisches Reich Deutscher Nation (German)
Sacrum Imperium Romagnorum Nationis Germanicæ (Latin)




Flag

Motto:
Fiat iustitia, et pereat mundus
(Latin: Let Justice be Done, Though the World Perish)


Link
Link
Location:
Central Europe, Southeast Asia, Oceania,
South Asia, Southern Africa


National Anthem: LinkKaiserhymne Karlslands; Karlslandlied


Population: 142,127,698
- Including colonies: 659,124,286
- Density (including colonies): 76.041 per km²
- Density (excluding colonies): 120.613 per km²


Capital: Sudentor (population 6.8 million)

Largest City: Karachi (population 11.1 million)


Official Language: German


National Languages: German, Polish, Indonesian, Danish,
Dutch, Czech, Afrikaans, Swahili, Rukwangali, Silozi, Setswana,
Damara/Nama, Herero, Oshiwambo, Greenlandic, Lithuanian

Demonym: Karlslander / Karlslandic, German/Germanic (archaic)

Government Federal constitutional monarchy with bicameral
legislature
- Holy Romagnan Emperor, Emperor of Karlsland, King of the Romagnans and King of Prussia: Friedrich VI.
- Imperial Chancellor: Erica Bachmeier [KVP]
- President of the Imperial Diet: [ZNP]
- President of the Imperial Constitutional Court: Sabine Morgenstern

Legislature: Reichstag (Imperial Diet)
- Upper House: Reichsrat (Imperial Council)
- Lower House: Reichstag (Imperial Diet)

Establishment:
Founding of first Empire: 25 December 800 AD
Current Constitution: 18 January 1871 AD

Land Area:
Excluding colonies: 1,178,378.24 km²
Including colonies: 8,845,997.79 km²

Elevation
Highest Point: Mount Kilimanjaro 5,892 m
Lowest Point: Wilstermarch, -3.53 m

GDP (nominal): NSD 22,619,278,660,782.15
GDP (nominal) per capita: NSD 35,041.95

HDI (NS Version): 0.920

Currency: The Mark, ℳ

Time Zone: Central European Time (Karlsland Proper)

Drives on the: Right

Calling code: +49

Internet TLD: .hrrk

The Holy Romagnan Empire of the German Nation (German: Der Heiliges Römagnisches Reich Deutscher Nation; Latin: Sacrum Imperium Romagnorum Nationis Germanicæ) commonly called Karlsland, is a federal constitutional monarchy in north-central Europe. It is bordered on the north by the North and Baltic seas, on the southwest by Helvetica, on the southeast by Ostmark, on the east by Orussia, and on the west by Gallia. Karlsland covers 8,845,997.79 square kilometers and has has an estimated population of 660 million. Karlsland comprises of 32 subdivisions and 15 territories.

Various Germanic human (Homo sapiens ssp.) tribes have occupied what is now northern Karlsland and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented by the Romagnans as early as AD 100. The Slavic groups that would form the Polish race eventually settled in eastern Karlsland around AD 500, around when the German tribes began to spread throughout Europe, and the faunus species began their Great Hiding due to persecution from humans, which would last until at least the late 16th century AD.

Beginning in the 10th century AD, the Germanic peoples united in the first Holy Romagnan Empire of Karlsland. Around this time, the first anti-Neuroi expedition (then known as Rätsel) was led in northern Germany. During the 16th century AD, northern Karlsland became the center of the Protestant Reformation. The rise of pan-Germanism during the later years of the Karlsland Confederation (formed after the short-lived occupation by Napoleon) resulted in the consolidation of the numerous Karlslandic kingdoms, leading to the Empire of Karlsland.

The Empire was very nearly destroyed twice in the early 20th century due to the devastating First and Second Neuroi Wars, both of which all but annihilated Europe and the latter of which actually forced the evacuation of Karlsland proper. However, thanks to the invention of the Striker unit, Karlsland - and humanity - bounced back, eventually destroying the last Neuroi hive in Earth over central Fuso in late 1947 and early 1948.

Even before the formation of the single Empire, Karlsland was a major regional power in central Europe, and beginning with the acquisition of the Netherlands in the mid-17th Century, developed a true colonial empire. To this day, it remains one of Europe's (and the world's) great economic and military powers, despite ceding most of the economically-important Neukarlsland colony in 1968 to its own self-governance and permitting its old rival Ostmark to jointly control the economically important Nederland region.

Etymology


The etymology of the world 'Karlsland' is derived from the German name of Charlemagne, Karl der Große, King of the Franks. This name is most likely used due to Karlsland's long historical claim of being the descendant state of the Carolingian Empire, which is why some older history textbooks in Karlsland list the foundation date as Christmas Day, 800 AD.

The older name Germania has an unclear etymology; whether it was used before Julius Caesar began using it is unknown. However, it was used by the Romagnans to describe the numerous tribes occupying the land to the east of the Rhine, and eventually came to describe their language, and at some points, their nation. There have been numerous attempts by both the Reichstag and petition to rename Karlsland 'Germania', however no attempt has even come close to succeeding.

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Karlsland is 'Karlslander', though many in Karlslandic Indonesia prefer 'Indonesian'.

History


Prehistoric Karlsland

The discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible in 1907 shows that ancient humans were present in Karlsland at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons - three 380,000 year old javelins roughly 1.8-2.3 meters long - were found in a coal mine in Schöningen, in 1995. The first faunus fossils were also found in the Alps in 1953 near the Helvetican border, being approximately 220,000 years in age. This find, along with evidence of human settlements nearby and cave paintings of what are believed to be very primitive forms of magic, helped prove the theory that magic was introduced to the human race through interbreeding with its subspecies. The Neander valley was the location where the first-ever non-modern human fossil was discovered and recognized, in 1856. The new species was named Homo neanderthalensis, and the fossil has now been confirmed to be no older than 40,000 years.

Evidence of modern humans has been found from roughly the same time period in the caves of the Swabian Jura range near Ulm. The finds include 42,000 year old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes, the 40,000 year old Ice Age Lion Man, and the 35,000 year old Venus of Hohle Fels. To the east, in Prussia, the first agricultural communities began to appear approximately 5,500 BC, founded by migrants from the Danube region. The native populations would later adopt and improve this way of life. The Polish Bronze Age began roughly 2350 BC, to be superseded by the Iron Age in 700-750 BC. Of note is the Lusatian culture of the late Bronze and early Iron Ages, which left numerous settlement sites throughout eastern Prussia. The most notable of these is the settlement of Biskupin, which is now a reconstructed open-air museum near Posen.

Germanic Karlsland

Celts first appeared in Prussia around 400 BC, to be followed by early Germanics influenced at first by the Celts, but later the Romagnan Empire. These Germanics, originating largely from what is now Denmark, began to spread in earnest in the 1st Century BC, coming into contact with the Gauls as well as Iranian, Baltic and Slavic tribes in eastern Europe. Under Augustus, Romagna began to invade Germania (Which at the time described an area extending from the Rhine to the Urals), but in AD 9, the Romagnans were ambushed in the Battle of the Teutoberg Forest, and never again attempted to conquer Germanian territory east of the Rhine. By the beginning of the 2nd Century AD, Germanic tribes had settled along the the Rhine and Danube, occupying most of modern Karlsland. However, Austria, southern Bavaria, and the western Rhineland remained Romagnan, despite frequent continuous harassment by faunus tribes living in the Alpine regions.

In the 3rd Century a number of large Western Germanic tribes arose, and starting in 260 they began to break into Romagnan lands. After an invasion by the Huns in 375 and the rapid decline of Rome in 395, the Germanic peoples started to expand further south and west. Several Germanic tribes formed at once in what is now western Karlsland and displaced numerous smaller tribes. Much of the far western sections of Germania fell under Frankish rule, while northern modern Karlsland was ruled by the Saxons in the west and the non-Germanic Slavs in the east.

The first Holy Romagnan Empire

Link
The Imperial Crown of the
Holy Romagnan Empire
On Christmas Day, 800 AD, the Frankish king Charlemagne was crowned emperor and founded the Carolingian Empire, which was promptly divided in three by civil war in 843. The easternmost section, entirely east of the Rhine, fell to Charlemagne's youngest grandson, Louis the German, and consisted of Alamanni, Bavarian, Main Franks, Saxons, Thuringians, Baltic Slavs, and even some Avars from the region of Pannonia. This easternmost section of Charlemagne's kingdom emerged as the strongest of the three, partly due to the reign of Louis the German, and partly due to the unification efforts of the later Conrad the Younger (911-918). Its territory stretched from the Eider River in the north to the coast of the Mediterranean in the south. Under the Ottonian dynasty (919-1024), numerous duchies were merged, and Otto I. was crowned Holy Romagnan Emperor of these lands in 962. In 996 Gregory V became the first Karlslandic (as it was by then called) Pope, appointed by his cousin Otto III, whom he soon crowned King of the Romagnans. The Holy Romagnan Empire absorbed Italy and Burgundy during the Salian dynasty (1024-1125), though the emperors lost the power to appoint bishops due to the Investiture Controversy.

Under the emperors of the Hohenstaufen dynasty (1138-1254), the Karlslandic princes increased their influence to the south and east into Slavic lands, preceding German settlement in these areas and further east. During this period, the Mongol Empire and Karlslandic knights did battle with a Rätsel horde in Wahlstatt, to disastrous results. The towns of northern Karlsland grew prosperous through trade as part of the Hanseatic League. Karlsland soon took a severe blow, as the Great Famine of 1315 and the Black Death of 1348-1350 significantly reduced the population of the Holy Romagnan Empire, as neither science nor magic could cure the plague until centuries after the initial wave had petered out on its own. The edict of the Golden Bull in 1356 provided the Empire's first constitution, and codified the election of the emperor by seven prince-electors who ruled the most powerful principalities and archbishophrics.

Martin Luther publicized the Ninety-Five Theses in 1517 in Wittenberg, challenging the Romagnan Catholic Church and sparking the Protestant Reformation. The Lutheran Church soon became the official church of several Karlslandic states in 1530, and the official Church of Karlsland in 1871. Various religious conflicts continued to build up until the Thirty Year's War of 1618-1648, which devastated the Holy Romagnan Empire but narrowly avoided costing it the Netherlands. This proved far greater a boon than initially expected, and in large part thanks to the Dutch continuing to be under Karlslandic rule, the Holy Romagnan Empire became one of the major seafaring and economic powers of the 17th Century, its primary rival being Britannia. This was all in spite of Karlsland being made up of numerous semi-autonomous principalities.

The later half of the 17th Century was a golden age for Karlsland. Thanks largely to the shipbuilding industry of the Netherlands, it developed colonies on every continent of the world with the exception of Australis. Under Karlslandic rule, the colony of Brazil was stabilized and successfully defended from Portugal. Karlsland also set up plantations on the northern coast of South America, alongside British ones in the fertile plains of Guyana. Disputes soon arose, but an agreement was reached in the Treaty of Breda, in which Karlsland would give up its North American colony of New Amsterdam in exchange for keeping the plantation colony of Suriname.

From approximately 1740 onwards, Karlslandic history was dominated by dualism between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of Prussia, up until 1806, when the Holy Romagnan Empire was overrun and dismantled by Napoleon. Of note during this period is the loss of the Cape Town colony to Britain in 1788.

The Karlslandic Confederation and Empire

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Foundation of the Karlslandic Empire in Versailles, 1871.
Bismarck is in the center in white.
After the fall of Napoleonic Gallia, the Congress of Vienna convened in 1814 and founded the Karlslandic Confederation (Karlslander Bund), a loose league of 44 sovereign states, of which the Netherlands and Luxembourg were now part. One year later, the unstable Karlslandic East Indies were reorganized as a royal colony, now known as Karlslandic Indonesia. The Southern Netherlands, separate from the Netherlands since 1581 and having never been part of Karlsland, quickly rebelled in 1830 and reformed as Belgica. Disagreement with the politics of European Restoration led to the rise of liberal movements, which were swiftly repressed by Austrian politician Metternich. The Zollverein (tariff union) furthered Karlslandic unity. National and liberal ideas gained increasing support among Karlslanders, especially the younger generations. May 1832 saw the Hambach Festival, a major event in support of Karlslandic unity, freedom and democracy. Karlsland was swept up in the wave of European revolutions in 1848, and King Frederick William IV. of Prussia was offered the throne as Emperor, but turned it down. Around this time, Karlsland officially abolished the selling of slaves in 1852, though slavery would remain present in the colonies until the practice was banned entirely in 1871. Shortly after this first abolishment, Karlsland gained the first overseas colony it ever obtained after the absorption of Netherlands, Pakistan, in 1854.

Conflict between King Wilhelm I. of Prussia and the increasingly liberal parliament erupted over military reforms in 1862. In response, the king appointed Otto von Bismarck the new Minister President of Prussia. He successfully waged war on the Kingdom of Denmark in 1864, swiftly dealing the Danes a total defeat. A full on annexation was only prevented by British intervention who took a dim view on Karlsland owning the Öresund tolls. Denmark however, ceded southern Holstein-Gottorp, Greenland and Iceland in perpetuity. This war, while beneficial in the long run, nearly proved disastrous in the Austro-Prussian war which happened two years later. Both Britannia and Gallia threatened to get involved if the war lasted long enough. Two desperate months of exhausting stalemate for both sides eventually resulted in the formation of the North Karlslandic Federation, which excluded Austria entirely. After the Gallian defeat in the Franco-Prussian war, the Karlslandic Empire was proclaimed in Versailles on the 18th of January, 1871.

With almost two-thirds of Karlsland proper belonging to Prussia, the Blue Kingdom was the dominating constituent: The Hohenzollern King became Emperor, and the capital was moved to Sudentor, a predominantly human city to the north of the Vistula River from faunus-dominated Krakow. In the Gründerzeit period following the unification of Karlsland, Bismarck's foreign policy under Wilhelm I. secured Karlsland's position as a great imperial power by forging alliances, diplomatically isolating Gallia, and avoiding war. As a result of the Sudentor Conference of 1884, Karlsland gained several colonies in Africa, namely Karlslandic East Africa, Karlslandic Southwest Africa, Kamerun, and Togoland.

Under Wilhelm II., however, Karlslandic relations with its neighbors began to deteriorate. This deterioration was interrupted, however, by the start of the First Neuroi War in late June of 1914. During this war, no less than 3 hives appeared, on the Karlsland/Gallia, Karlsland/Orussia, and Ostmark/Ottoman border. While the Karlslandic Empire survived, the results were devastating - 37 million human and faunus lives were sacrificed to take down those three hives, which the later Second Neuroi War would prove as very small. The war ended in 1917.

The Bleak Years

Following what became known as the Great War that devastated European economies, most continental states was deeply mired in debt to the United States of Columbia, which had provided the monetary resources necessary to contain the Neuroi to the Black Sea. Wilhelm II. with discontent from the devastation sky-rocketing, and the entire state on the brink of widespread communist revolt, abdicated in favour of his far more liberal son, Frederick IV. in late 1918. Due to the severe destruction of Karlsland in the Great War, especially in Berlin where the Reichstag was, Frederick IV.'s early reign was extremely unstable. The unrest eventually peaked with a communist revolt in Bavaria, where far-left revolutionaries inspired by the October Revolution in Orussia seized power for several months until being put down in August of 1919. More woes came in 1921 as two events ignited a sequence of hyperinflation, firstly the debt towards Columbia was still unpaid and mounting, secondly a small Neuroi hive had appeared over the Ruhr area, causing further devastation. The hive mysterious vanished on its own in 1923, and thanks to the Dawes debt-reducing plan and the introduction of a new currency (the Reichsmark) in 1924, the Golden Twenties began, a period of increasing national confidence, artistic and liberal life, and economic prosperity. However, the country was still fairly unstable, and it would only get worse as the world entered the Great Depression.

After the stock market crash of 1929, the country was consumed with nationalism. Unemployment soared (again), and Chancellor Brüning's (elected 1930) methods of restoring the economy made himself - and the Centre Party - very unpopular across the economic spectrum, nearly resulting in a republican revolution. He was dismissed from office in disgrâce by Emperor Frederick IV. in 1932, and an emergency election led to Ludger Pahlke of the Social Democratic Party being elected in a clean sweep. Chancellor Pahlke set about with a sweeping economic plan, more or less copying what the socialists in Baltland was doing. He ordered the creation of a highway system (the Autobahn), initiated a 5 year plan to create millions of new housing complexes across the nation, forbade the sending of money outside of the Empire, limited imports, and compelled private industry to invest its profits in manufacturing. There was also an electrification program that expanded into the colonies, and government investment in industry.

The greatest breakthrough of Pahlke's term (and Frederick IV.'s reign) actually had nothing to do with him at all. In 1936, scientists of Karlsland jointly developed the packless Striker unit with British scientists, with help from Fusōnese scientist Dr. Ichiro Miyafuji. Striker Units - leg-mounted, propeller-driven devices that used a Witch's magical energy to operate their engines - had existed since 1919, but had before then required a power supply in the form of a backpack that greatly limited speed and endurance. Prototypes of these packless Units were thrown into combat in July, helping fend off a small-scale emergence of Neuroi over the Iberian peninsula in central Hispania, to some success. A year later a second small-scale emergence of Neuroi appeared off the coast of Fusō, but unlike before, these Neuroi took mechanical forms. This operation was a complete success, and as a result many countries started mass-producing Striker Units by 1938, with Karlsland at the forefront of production.

The Second Neuroi War

The next year, in September, the Second Neuroi War broke out, after a hive appeared over Ostmark and southern Prussia, forcing the evacuation of the Imperial Family of Karlsland to Berlin. Within the month, Ostmark collapsed, and its forces and populace evacuated west to Helvetica, Venezia and southern Gallia. In late November, Suomus was invaded by a Neuroi force, and in early 1940, the Baltland capital of Stockholm was briefly captured. Throughout 1940, Neuroi forces forced the Karlsland Reichswehr out of most of Prussia, and in Operation Small Bifrost, the civilian population of the region was evacuated, excepting a small battalion of mostly Polish soldiers who opted to remain in Warsaw until 1944. In late 1940, Neuroi were sighted in Egypt, quickly forcing the British out. Karlsland was on the defensive for much of this period, in part due to confirmed reports of brainwashing, intelligence gathering and skill absorption from Neuroi in Suomus.

Link
The top 3 Witch aces of Karlsand and the entire
war. From left to right: Gertrud Barkhorn, Erica
Hartmann, Minna-Dietlinde Wilcke. Picture taken
January 1946 in Königsberg.
In January of 1941, Operation Great Bifrost and Dynamo evacuated the entirety of Karlsland first to the British Isles and then to the South American colony of Neukarlsland. The mainland would remain abandoned until much later in the war. Paris fell soon afterwards, and the Gallian government fled to the Occitania region in the southern half of the country. In June of 1941, the Orussian forces (along with what Karlsland forces remained in eastern Europe) launched Operation Barbarossa, with the aim to eliminate the Neuroi in the northern part of European Orussia. Meanwhile the Orussian military launched the Operation Typhoon counteroffensive, meant to push Neuroi out and away from the capital of Moscow. While slow, these operations were successful, and Saint Petersburg and Tsaritsyn were liberated by the beginning of 1943. That summer, the first Joint Fighter Wings, organized international squadrons of Witches controlled by the League of Nations and detached to the countries that requested them, were formed, with the first (the 31st JFS) being formed in northern Africa. Throughout 1942, this squadron helped turn the tide of battle in North Africa, culminating in the battle of El Alamein, which is regarded as the turning point of the war in the Mediterranean.

In May of 1943, a few months after the liberation of Tsaritsyn, Me 262 Striker Units - the first jet Strikers ever built - were tested and accepted by Frederick IV for manufacture, to start in 1945, 1944 at the earliest. The reason for the delay was primarily due to its worryingly rapid drain of the mana reserves of most Witches that tested it, leading to exhaustion and general weakness. That same year in August, the 501st Joint Fighter Wing was created, and tasked with defending Britannia and destroying the hive over Gallia. Karlsland sent its top three Witch Aces at the time - Oberstleutnant Minna-Dietlinde Wilcke, and Hauptmanns Gertrud Barkhorn and Erica Hartmann. By 1944 it was already starting to show some progress, but it was the introduction to the squadron of Fusōnese Witch Miyafuji Yoshika in June of that year that turned out to be the tipping point. Late in the year, Air Chief Marshal of the British Royal Air Force Trevor Maloney (later cashiered and court martialled for high treason due to the following events) tried to disband the squadron, and was temporarily successful, however the squadron escaped and participated in the Battle of the British Channel, wherein one of his artificial Witch drones - Warlocks, as they were called - went berserk and was destroyed by the 501st. A few weeks later the hive itself was destroyed by the 501st and the squadron was temporarily disbanded.

In Spring of 1945, a much larger Neuroi hive materialised over Venezia and consumed the original, smaller hive that had occupied the city. Having been in brief contact with the smaller hive in Op. Trajanus the 504th JFW was forced to evacuate Venezia wholesale after the appearance of the larger hive. The 501st was thus reformed to destroy it, but this time they had more limited success, even with Gertrud Barkhorn's use of the Me 262 Striker. The hive was eventually destroyed in July of that year, and the squadron was again disbanded, with Yoshika losing eighty percent of her ability, leaving her flightless.

Over the course of the next eight months, the tide of war in Europe started to turn, and with Columbia and Fusō mostly isolating the enormous Pacific Hive, Columbia could turn its attention to the hives of Europe. The Suomus hive was eventually destroyed in March of 1946, and the hive over eastern Prussia destroyed in June. Members of the 501st regrouped in the Ardennes region for various reasons, and - including Yoshika and the grounded Mio Sakamoto - took part in the Battle of the Ardennes, destroying an underground Hive Ship.

By this point, the only Neuroi Hives left were the ones over central Karlsland, and the Pacific Hive, which had migrated into an orbit over southern Fusō. The Karlsland Hive was destroyed in May 1948 after being surrounded and continuously bombarded by bombers of the American 8th Air Force - escorted by the 501st, 504th and 506th JFW - for several months. The Pacific Hive proved much more difficult to destroy, and was eventually destroyed by the simultaneous dropping of two nuclear bombs on it as it was passing over the Sea of Fusō. The Second Neuroi War officially ended on September 2nd, 1948.

The Cold War

Upon the conclusion of the war, most of the JFWs were given by the League of Nations to the nations of Europe, with Karlsland receiving the 501st. Karlsland received the second-most aid out of all the European countries out of Columbia's Marshall Plan, receiving almost $2 billion in financial aid starting in 1948, in addition to industrial equipment both built during the exodus in Neukarlsland and from Canada and Columbia. At this same time, Orussia - known alternatively as the USSR since the 1920's (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) - became increasingly hostile towards the West, and its own citizens. The USSR's detonation of a nuclear bomb in August of 1950 came as a great shock to the Western powers, Karlsland included. This led to its own nuclear weapons program, Project Osiris, which was completed and tested in the Namib Desert on August 30, 1952.

Frederick IV. died on December 7 of 1951, and his son, Frederick V., acceded to the throne one week later. One of his first acts in office was to create the Charter for the Empire of Karlsland which, among other things, turned the African, Caribbean, and Southeast Asian colonies into constituent parts of the Empire, renamed the empire as the Holy Romagnan Empire of the German Nation, and granted joint ownership of the Netherlands to Ostmark. A small attempt at Indonesian independence occurred in mid-1952, before the Charter was fully ratified, but this was put down despite protest from both China and Fusō. In January of that year, Karlsland finally entered the Korean War and simultaneously joined NATO, though it was unable to tip the balance in the UN's favor. In response, the USSR erected a wall along the entire border between itself and Karlsland, forbidding travel across it and lining it with gun towers. Karlsland retaliated in kind with a wall exactly two meters inside Karlsland territory.

Karlsland proved instrumental in Columbia's anti-communist policy of containment, due to its growing navy and nuclear arsenal, and also due to its own (mainly Frederick V.'s) anti-communist leaning. His reign was especially marked by the Afrika Wars, a series of independence wars by Karlsland's African colonies that started in the mid-1950s and ended (apart from the Namib Wars) by 1962 with the surrender of the Tanganyika Independence Army. The following 1960s and 1970s were a period of great social and political change for Karlsland, with the passing of the Equal Pay and Rights Act of 1966 (which banned discrimination between genders), the Neukarlsland Act of 1968 (which granted most of the Neukarlsland province its freedom, except for a small section at the southern end), the Species Rights Act of 1971 (which banned discrimination based on species, so long as that species was sapient), and the Civil Rights Act of 1974 (which banned discrimination based on skin color). The Karlsland Military played a small part in the bloody Vietnam War, though largely as a humanitarian and support effort, and did not significantly affect the outcome of the war. However, it did investigate the possibility that the communist Ceylon Rebellion of 1971 was related to the Vietnam War. No evidence was found and most in the government now believe the timing was coincidental.

The last major event of Frederick V's reign was the Indonesia War, which started in 1978. Caused by growing unrest by the native Indonesians (especially in Java), it would prove to be the bloodiest of the Cold War 'proxy wars'. Karlsland was loosely supported in its war effort by Britannia and Gallia, while the communist Indonesian Revolutionary Army was supported by the People's Republic of China and the far more conservative Army for Indonesian Independence was unofficially supported by Columbia - official American support was never proven, but the suspicion was enough to sour US-Karlsland relations until it was proven that the members of the American CIA who had supported the AII were acting on their own, in 1998. The war was marked with the same kind of brutality as the Vietnam War before it, however, the Indonesian War was a victory for Karlsland. It ended in September of 1984 with the surrender of the InRA after a low-yield nuclear weapon detonation near Jakarta was linked to them, and PRC's subsequent severing of all support.

The long but quiet Namib War ended four years later in the closing years of the Cold War, with a Karlsland victory but a promise by the government to grant Southwest Afrika greater autonomy starting in 1990. Karlsland, unlike Columbia, did not support the mujaheddin during the First Afghakistan War, instead opting to increase military presence in Pakistan. The Cold War closed in Karlsland with the start of construction of the Stonehenge Turret Network in Namibia in the spring of 1991. With the collapse of the USSR that December, Karlsland tore down its side of the Prussian Wall, and protesters on the Orussian side tore down most of theirs.

Player Two Policy to present

Link
An A-10 Witch over the Indus River in the Second
Afghakistan War (2003)
Emperor Frederick V died of a stroke in late July of 1992, and his son, Frederick VI, was crowned on August 2nd of that year, two weeks before the birth of his daughter, Princess Hanna. Throughout the 1990s, Karlsland took a more active role in NATO and both European and international politics, especially in southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean. When the Taliban took over Afghakistan in 1996, it placed heavy economic sanctions on the area, and banned trade with the 'emirate'. As most of its border was shared with Karlsland-controlled Pakistan, this proved to be a heavy blow, but not enough to destabilize the Taliban. In fact, it seemed to intensify their rhetoric, and this came to a head in the explosive Second Afghakistan War (2001-2005), when the al-Sharifah terrorist group and various other mujaheddin groups invaded Pakistan, but were pushed back by a coalition of Karlsland, British, American, and Ostmarkian forces.

Shortly afterwards, the first female Chancellor, former Minister of Intelligence Erica Bachmeier, was elected. She has expanded the military (especially the Navy), and has increased its role in the world. Of special note in her administration was the shifting of nuclear testing from real-time to computer simulations, the increase in military presence in Togoland and Kamerun (primarily to discourage Boko Haram and human trafficking in the area), and plans to increase Indonesian autonomy.


Geography


The Karlsland mainland is located in Western and Central Europe, with the Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp extending into Northern Europe. It lies between 47° and 57° 45' 7" N, and 3° and 25° E. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea to the northeast, the North Sea to the northwest, Ostmark to the southeast, Venezia to the south, Helvetica to the southwest, and Gallia and the Ostmark province of Belgica to the west. The territory covers 1,178,378.24 km² (454,974 mi²), making it the largest country in Europe.

Elevation of the mainland reaches from the heights of the Alps (highest mainland elevation: Zugspitze, 2,926 m [9,718']) in the south to the coastal shores of the Baltic and North Seas, and the depressions of the Netherlands (lowest point Zuidplaspolder, -7 m [-23']). The Baltic coast is marked by numerous spits and large sand dunes, along with a few coastal lakes. Winding through the lowlands are the four major rivers of Karlsland: The Rhine, the Danube, the Elbe, and the Vistula rivers. Northeast Prussia is marked by numerous moraines and moraine-dammed lakes, formed during and after the last ice age. These moraines form part of the Baltic Ridge.

South of the lowlands in Prussia are the more elevated regions of Lusatia, Silesia and Masovia, which are marked by ice-age river valleys and one of the only deserts in Europe, in Silesia. Farther to the south are the Carpathia Mountains, the Sudetes, the Krakow-Sudentor Uplands, the Holy Cross Mountains, and the Tatra Mountains in the extreme southern portion of the country. Significant natural resources are iron ore, coal, potash, peat, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, zinc, lead, sulfur, natural gas, salt, nickel, gravel, limestone, fish, sand, arable land and water.

Climate

Most of Karlsland has a temperate climate, with mild winters and warm summers. The climate to the north and northeast is moderated by the North Atlantic Drift, the northern extension of the Gulf Stream. This warmer weather especially affects the Netherlands and Frisia, where the climate is noticeably more oceanic. Meanwhile, most of southern and central Prussia has a more continental climate, with hot summers and cold, snowy winters.

Rainfall (snowfall in the winter) occurs year-round, though the winter months tend to be drier in much of Prussia. The Danish regions, due to their extreme north-ness, tend to have very short days in the winter, and very long days in the summer. Thus, despite the cold, many Karlslanders go to their beaches in the summer. The warmest region of Karlsland is Lower Silesia, where summer temperatures average between 24° C and 32­° C, but can go as high as 40° C in August. In contrast, the climate of Konigsberg is especially cold in winter, due to cold fronts from Scandinavia and Siberia.

Link
Map of all Karlslandic territories. Note that Karlsland claims the entire Kashmir region.

Demographics


Population

With a population of well over 100 million, Karlsland is by far the most populous nation in Europe. Counting its colonies, this pushes the population to almost 660 million, placing it third in population, behind China and the Republic of India. The total population density stands at 76.041 per square kilometer, and 120.613 per square kilometer counting only the portions of Karlsland within Europe. The average life expectancy in Karlsland is 74.26 counting its entire territory, and 79.83 counting only Europe. Since the 1970s, the birth rate in mainland Karlsland has been consistently lower than the death rate, with only about 8.33 births per 1,000 people. However, the birth rates in the colonies are much higher, raising the total birth rate to 17.8 per 1,000 people, though with an aggressive birth control campaign underway in the African colonies, this is expected to fall.

Language

German is the official spoken language of Karlsland, though Dutch, Danish, Lithuanian, and Polish are all taught in the mainland, and their respective regions have passed legislation to protect their languages from extinction, which the Reichstag fully supports.

Recognized minority languages are Low German, High German, Sorbian, Frisian, West Frisian, Silesian, Czech, Low Saxon, Limburgish, English, Faroese, Greenlandic, Indonesian, Urdu, Punjabi, Pashto, and Afrikaans. The latter five are only considered minority languages in the mainland, however. The most used immigrant languages are Indonesian, Punjabi, Turkish, Kurdish, the Balkan languages, and Orussian. Roughly 81% of Karlslanders claim to be able to communicate proficiently in at least one other language, and 39% in two other languages.

Standard German is a West Germanic language and is closely related to and classified alongside English, Low German, Dutch, and the Frisian languages. To a lesser extent, it is also related to the extinct East Germanic languages and the North Germanic languages of Scandinavia. Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family, though a significant minority of words are derived from Latin or Greek, with a smaller amount from French and many more recent additions from English (known as Denglisch). German, along with most languages in Karlsland, is written using the Latin alphabet. German dialects are distinguished from Standard German by their lexicon, phonology, and syntax.

Religion

Karlsland grants religious freedom to all within its borders, and discrimination based on religion is illegal. According to the most recent census of 2011, Christianity is the dominant religion of European Karlsland, with the nation being roughly split between Catholics and Protestants along the Oder-Neisse line (though Bavaria, which is west of the line, is predominantly Catholic.) There is a large number of atheists and agnostics in Karlsland as well, their presence being greatest in the Netherlands and North Karlsland. Furthermore, many Karlslanders state that they do not regularly attend church, most that do not attend regularly usually attend only on Christmas, Easter, and occasionally Walpurgisnacht.

Taking the colonies into consideration, however, the Empire becomes predominantly Islamic, and predominantly Sunni at that. Indonesia and Pakistan being overwhelmingly Muslim are the main cause of this, though Muslims do make up roughly 5 percent of mainland Karlslanders, most of these being immigrants from the colonies.

Buddhism, Germanic religions and Romagnan Hellenism also has a small presence in mainland Karlsland, with just over 14% of mainland Karlslanders practising, though 70% of Ceylon Karlslanders professes to Buddhism.

Race and Species

The Karlsland government stopped taking censuses based on race in 2001, largely due to the impracticality of it. Presently, race is only used in police work in order to identify a suspect, but even this is usually secondary to species. For more information, see the Species page.

Largest Cities

Rank

Name

Population

Province

1

Karachi

11,136,886

Sindh, Pakistan

2

Jakarta

9,988,329

Banten, Indonesia

3

Sudentor

6,818,246

Capital District

4

Lahore

6,491,240

Punjab, Pakistan

5

Krakow

5,108,246

Capital District

6

Dar es Salaam

4,364,541

Pwani, Tanganyika

7

Berlin

3,471,756

Brandenburg

8

Surabaya

2,765,487

East Java, Indonesia

9

Faisalabad

2,600,525

Punjab, Pakistan

10

Bandung

2,394,873

West Java, Indonesia

Link

Karachi

Link

Jakarta

Link

Sudentor

Link

Dar es Salaam

Government


Karlsland is a federal, constitutional monarchy, with a bicameral parliament (known as the Reichstag) consisting of the upper Herrenhaus, consisting of the appointed lords of Karlsland, and the lower Reichsrat, whom are elected by the populace. Unlike the similar government of Britannia, SM Emperor Frederick actually has real power. All bills must be given Royal Assent before becoming law, the Emperor has the power to veto any law as he sees fit, though the Reichstag has the power to overturn this by unanimous decision - this has only happened twice.

The position of chancellor, who is head of government, belongs to the person most likely to command the confidence of the Reichsrat; this individual is usually the leader of whichever party is in power in that chamber. The chancellor picks their own cabinet (on approval of the Emperor), and they are then approved by the monarch to form His Majesty's Government. His Majesty has the power to overturn decisions of the chancellor's government. The chancellor serves a four year term and may be elected an unlimited number of times.

The cabinet is usually drawn from members of the chancellor's own party or coalition and mostly from the Reichsrat, though always from both houses of the Reichstag, as the cabinet is responsible to both. Executive power is shared by the Emperor, Chancellor, and Cabinet, in order of precedence. The current Chancellor is Erica Bachmeier, who has been in office since January 6, 2007.

The three major parties are the Social Democratic Party of Karlsland (Sozialdemokratische Partei Karlsland, SDK), the Centre Party (Karlslandische Zentrumspartei, ZNP), and the Karlsland People's Party (Karlslandische Volkspartei, KVP), representing the Karlslandic traditions of social democracy, Christian democracy, and national liberalism, respectively.

Foreign Relations

Karlsland is a permanent member of the League of Nations Security Council, a member of NATO, European Defence Association, G7, G8, G20, the OECD, the Council of Europe, and the OCSE. It is also a member of the free movement and trading zone of the Greater Holy Romagnan Empire (consisting of itself, Venezia, Romagna, and Ostmark), the New Central Alliance (consisting of itself, Ostmark, Baltland, and the Hashemite Caliphate), and shares nuclear weapons technology with Ostmark. Karlsland's global presence and influence is furthered through its trade relations, foreign investments, development aid, and military engagements.

Military

The armed forces of the Holy Romagnan Empire - officially the Reichsheer - consists of four branches - the Imperial Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) with the Imperial Marines (Kaiserliche Seebatallione), the Imperial Army (Karlslandisches Heer), and the Imperial Air Force (Kaiserliche Luftwaffe). The forces are managed by the Imperial Ministry of Defence (Reichsministerium für Verteidigung, RMVg) and controlled by the Defence Council, chaired by the Minister of Defence. The monarch, Frederick VI., is the commander-in-chief, though the use of WMDs and the deployment of the military must be agreed upon by the Chancellor and the monarch. Members of the military swear allegiance to Karlsland itself, not the monarch as in most monarchies. This is a reflection of one of the duties of the military as stipulated by the 1871 Constitution - that is, to overthrow the monarch if the Reichstag feels that they have become too dictatorial.

The Reichsheer is charged with protecting Karlsland and its overseas territories, promoting Karlsland's global security interests, and promoting international peacekeeping efforts. They are active and regular NATO participants, being the second-largest military force therein, as well as the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps, and regular participants in RIMPAC and other worldwide coalition organizations. Overseas garrisons and facilities are maintained in Indonesia, Pakistan, Ceylon, Namibia, Togoland, Tanganiyka, Kamerun, Suriname, Neukarlsland, Sudneukarlsland, Ostmark, New Guinea, Bougainville Island, Neupommern, and Neumecklenburg.

Karlsland spends approximately 5.3% of its GDP on defense, and currently has the largest Navy of any military in Europe, and the second-largest on Earth, behind Liberion.

Economy


Economic Indicators
Rank: 1st in Europe
Currency: Karlslandic Mark, ℳ
Fiscal Year: 2014-15

GDP (nominal): NSD 22,619,278,660,782.15
GDP (nominal) per capita: NSD 35,041.95
Unemployment: 2.71%

Karlsland has a social market economy with a highly skilled labor force, a large capital stock, a low level of corruption, and a high level of innovation. It has the largest and most powerful national economy in Europe, the third-largest globally by GDP, and the fourth-largest by PPP. The service sector accounts for approximately 68% of the GDP, industry 31%, and agriculture 1%. The official average national unemployment rate is 2.71%. From 2003 to 2009, Karlsland was the leading exporter of goods.

Culture


Culture in Karlsland and its states have been shaped by the major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, as well as influence from its colonies. Historically Karlsland has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker ("the land of poets and thinkers"), due to the great impact its writers and philosophers have had on Western thought and culture.

Karlsland has high levels of gender equality, promotion of disability rights, and is legally and socially tolerant towards homosexuals in most parts of the Empire, though homosexuals are advised to keep their sexuality secret in the Asian Colonies, largely for their own safety. Gays and lesbians can legally adopt, civil unions have been permitted since 1996, and homosexual marriage has been legal since 2003. Karlsland has also changed its attitude towards immigrants; its historically strict immigration control has loosened since the mid-1990s as the government and citizens have begun to accept immigration controlled based on qualification standards.

Infrastructure


With its central position in Europe, Karlsland itself is a major transport hub. This is reflected by one of the largest and most sophisticated transport networks in the world. Like its neighbors in Western Europe, Karlsland has an extremely dense road network; its motorway network (Autobahn) is the fourth-longest in the world (2,206,108 km) and is well known for its lack of posted speed limits. The InterCityExpress (ICE) high speed train network of the Reichsbahn serves major Karlslandic (and Ostmarkian) cities, as well as cities in Indonesia, Pakistan, Sudneukarlsland, Tanganiyka, Namibia, and Kamerun. The trains run at speeds of up to 300 kph. The largest Karlslandic airports are Frankfurt International, Sudentor Minna-Dietlinde Wilcke International, Cengkareng International, and Munich Franz Joseph Strauss, all four of which are Lufthansa hubs while Air Berlin has hubs at Berlin Tegel and Düsseldorf. Berlin Tegel is slated to be replaced (along with Berlin Schönefeld) with Berlin Brandenburg Airport.

Energy

Karlsland government policy promotes energy conservation, the usage of renewable energy sources, and the commercialization of said renewable energy. Efficiency has improved greatly since the 1970's, as has Karlsland's energy independence. The Empire plans to use 40% renewable energy by 2020 and 100% by 2050. The current main energy sources throughout the Empire are nuclear, including thorium reactors (35.7%), coal (16.4%), oil (15.2%), natural gas (12.1%), aether (10.3%), hydroelectric and wind (2.5%), and other renewable sources (7.8%). Karlsland is committed to numerous environmental treaties promoting biodiversity, low emission standards, recycling, and the use of renewable energy sources, as well as supporting these on a global level. Despite this, Karlsland's greenhouse gas emissions are among the highest in Europe and the world, due in part to its high population and economic output. Of note is its recent development of economically-feasible nuclear power. The construction of Karlsland's first fusion plant is expected to commence in January of 2014, with the first unit to be constructed in Beuthen.



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