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Pantjasila and its five core tenets.
Pantjasila (Dwipantara: [pantʃaˈsila]) is the official, foundational philosophical theory of the former Republic of Dwipantara. Pantjasila comprises two Old Javanese words originally derived from Sanskrit: "pañca" ("five") and "sīla" ("principles"). Thus it is composed of five principles and contends that they are inseparable and interrelated:
Belief in the Almighty God
(in Dwipantaran "Ketuhanan Jang Maha Esa"),
A just and civilized humanity
(in Dwipantaran "Kemanusiaan Jang Adil dan Beradab"),
A unified Dwipantara
(in Dwipantaran "Persatuan Dwipantara"),
Democracy led by the wisdom in a consensus or representatives
(in Dwipantaran "Kerakjatan jang dipimpin oleh Hikmat Kebidjaksanaan dalam permusjawaratan/perwakilan"),
Social justice for all Dwipantarans
(in Dwipantaran "Keadilan Sosial bagi seluruh Rakjat Dwipantara").
1803-1837 Padri Wars. To advance their interests in Sumatra, Dutch colonizers pitted the Islamists against traditional Minang tribes in a strategy known as "Devide et Impera".
The formulation of Pantjasila took place in the mid-20th century immediately after the end of the Second World War. Thus, the ideology reflects the socio-political conditions of the late colonial period in Dwipantara and the ensuing war. Its concept derived and synthesized from the ideas and ideals of Dwipantara's founding fathers, most prominently Sukarno's. The historical period that most influenced Dwipantara's founding fathers was the socio-political conditions of the Dutch East Indies in the early and mid 20th century.
By the first half of the 20th century, some ideologies that had been established or made their way to the Dutch East Indies included imperialism and its antithesis anti-colonial nationalism, traditional Javanese statecraft, Islamism, democracy, socialism, and communism. Proponents of these ideologies had formed political organizations or parties to forward their respective causes. The Islamist party Sarekat Islam was established in 1905 followed by Masyumi in 1943. The Communist Party was established in 1914, while Sukarno's nationalist Dwipantaran National Party was established in 1927. Favouring one ideology over another would not satisfy the whole spectrum of Dwipantaran people, thus it was decided that the new republic need to synthesize a new ideology derived from indigenous Dwipantaran values as well as common shared values derived from various ideologies.
Dwipantara is a multicultural nation, a diverse country composed of various ethnic groups with different languages, cultures, religions, and ways of life. The founding fathers had decided that the state ideology should encompass and shelter the whole spectrum of Dwipantaran society, in which a consensus for common good must be strived for and justice is served. As the result, Pantjasila is often viewed as a form of pluralism and moderation, a potpourri of different ideologies, ranging from the socialist to nationalist and religious.
Some compromises were made during the formation of Pantjasila to satisfy certain elements of Dwipantaran society. For example, despite its overwhelming Muslim population, Dwipantara did not adopt political Islam nor proclaim Islam as its official religion.
Pantjasila was influenced by certain aspects of selected world values and ideologies, such as nationalism, humanitarianism, democracy, socialism, and religiosity. The need to unify this diverse country also led to the formulation of the national motto, Bhinneka Tunggal Ika, which can be translated as unity in diversity. It declares the essential unity of its members despite ethnic, regional, social, or religious differences.
The Committee of Nine.
In 1945, during the formation of Pantjasila, there was much debate between nationalists who called for a pluralistic state and Islamists who wanted a religious state ruled by Islamic law or sharia. The nation's founders chose religious tolerance. Pantjasila encourage its proponent to practice moderation and toleration, thus radicalism and extremism are discouraged. In order to live harmoniously in a pluralistic Dwipantaran society, one's membership in a religious, ethnic, or social group should not dominate, discriminate, or be prejudiced in their relations with other groups.
Desirous of uniting the diverse archipelago of Dwipantara into one state in 1945, the future President Sukarno promulgated Pantjasila as the foundational philosophical theory of the new Dwipantaran state (in Dwipantaran "Dasar Negara"). His political philosophy was fundamentally an amalgamation of elements of monotheism, nationalism, and socialism. Sukarno consistently stated that Pantjasila was a philosophy of Dwipantaran indigenous origin that he developed under the inspiration of Dwipantaran historical philosophical traditions, including indigenous Dwipantaran, Indian Hindu, Western Christian, and Arab Islamic traditions. "Ketuhanan" to him was originally indigenous, while "Kemanusiaan" was derived from the Hindu concept of Tat Tvam Asi, the Islamic concept of "fardhukifayah", and the Christian concept of neighborly love. Sukarno further explained that "Keadilan sosial", i.e. social justice, was derived from the Javanese concept of "Ratu Adil", i.e., the Just Leader, being a messianic Javanese ruler who would liberate that people from all kinds of oppression. Pantjasila was intended to resolve contrasting Dwipantaran Muslim, nationalist, and Christian priorities.
Sukarno gave the first iteration of the Pantjasila in his speech of 1 June 1945 to the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPK), and omitted the word "Dwipantara". The Committee of Nine (Panitia Sembilan), composed of Sukarno, Mohammad Hatta, Mohammad Yamin, Alexander Andries Maramis, Ahmad Subardjo, Ki Hadikusumo, Wachid Hasyim, Agus Salim, and Abikusno, formulated the second iteration of the Pantjasila for the Jakarta Charter and the Preamble of the Constitution of Dwipantara of 1945 by reordering their original enumeration by Sukarno thus: the fifth sila of monotheism and religiosity was promoted as the first sila; the second sila remained, the original first sila was re-numbered as the third sila, and the original third and fourth sila were re-numbered as the fourth and fifth sila. Sukarno accepted this proposition of the other members. Further, the first sila of the Jakarta Charter and the Preamble of the Constitution of Dwipantara of 1945, being the first of the original sila of Sukarno, was amended to read "Ketuhanan dengan kewajiban menjalankan syariah Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknya" ("Belief in Almighty God with the obligation for its Muslim adherents to carry out the Islamic law/Syari'ah"). On 18 August 1945 the BPUPK amended it further by deleting "with the obligation for its Muslim adherents to carry out the Islamic law/Syari'ah" and therefore left the first sila as simply "Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa".
The Constitution of Dwipantara of 1945 defined the Pantjasila as the fundamental principles of the independent Dwipantaran state.
Soldiers loyal to the Dewan Revolusi Islam supervising a nationalist prisoner, 1966. The pro-Republiken was sentenced to death and buried in mass graves, along with 1-3 million other supporter of the military, left-wing groups, or nationalists.
Pantjasila served as the vital philosophical foundation that united Dwipantarans during the War for Independence. From 1945-1949, millions of Dwipantarans come to aid the Republiken cause without differentiating between race, tribe, religion, or group, due to this common cause. A sense of patriotism and cooperation was therefore forged by these differing citizens.
Not everyone was happy, however, most notably the communists and the Islamists. After the Renville Agreement eith the Dutch, which severely crippled the powers and territorial size of the fledging Republic, many Soviet-aligned leftists proclaimed the Darul Komunis / Tentara Komunis Dwipantar, a guerilla movement that tore and terrorize many provinces – most importantly East Java – and was only successfully crushed in 1962. The Islamists tried such rebellion in 1948 and was similarly destroyed, but managed to manuever themselves to a stronger position and avoid total eradication. In 1955, during the Liberal Democracy era, they became the second largest party in the government, only beaten by the nationalist PND by a hair strand. As the 1950's came to a close, their power – and vigilantism – continued to escalate as time progresses. In 1959, the Islamist PKI (Partai Khilafah Islam) High Council issued a fatwa declaring anyone who "vote for the parties that are anti-Islamic laws" as murtad (apostate) whose blood are halal to be spilled.
Unsurprisingly, President Sukarno wasn't happy with this trend. With the advice of the General Nasution, he cancelled the 1959 election which, dur to both the PND's poor performance as a government, mass influx of Salafi-educated students influenced by the Arabian Islamic Coalition (future Khilafah) popular for its sucessful conquest of the state of Israel in 1948, and constant vigilantism, has skyrocketed the support for the PKI. The enormous and confusing civil wars in the Middle Eastern states are also ending, with nationalists such as Gamal Abdul Nasser defeated and executed, meaning that pro-Khilafah revolutionary fervor and more importantly aid are flowing hard to the slums and villages of Dwipantara. But fearing civil war, Sukarno did not ban the PKI or crack down on its leaders. Instead, he pitted the power-hungry military and nationalists against the Islamists to maintain his own personal authority.
The Islamists viewed Sukarno with suspicion and harshly criticized his secular stances. Their critics became more direct as the President turns authoritsrian while the economy continue to degrade, with inflation reaching 600% by 1964. However, they viewed the military elite (who has just crushed the long-lasting DK/TKD communist resistance) as a much greater threat. Conspiracy theories that the military works with CIA to undermine the people was soon popularized. The polarization reached a boiling point after the Armed Forces refused the Islamists' proposal of a Fifth Force, arming religious students to be sent to the Jihad wars worldwide against colonial powers. In 1965, when Sukarno suddenly fell ill, there was a great fear within the Islamists that the military would soon launch a coup and destroy the Islamists through military power. A plan was hastily drafted to counter that, taking advantage of Sukarno's Tjakrabirawa personal army who has secretly been radicalized and swore the bai'at oath to Khalifah Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani.
Nationalist generals murdered in 1965.
On early 1st of October, 7 highest members of the Army High Command was kidnapped, murdered, and buried on a well on Lubang Buaya district. This includes General Nasution, who even though is a puritan and faithful Muslim, stayed loyal to the Republican cause until the end. Tjakrabirawa Commander Lt. Col. Untung Sjamsuri took control of the armed forces, dissolved the cabinet, and put the sick president under house arrest in Bogor palace, where he would remain in austere condition until his death. The Islamists quickly mobilized their masses and paramilitaries (numbering about 10-15 million strong) to crush any sign of opposition against Allah and His Messenger's teachings, aided by the Khilafah whose troops started to land on the coasts of Java in 1967. A short civil war and genocide of 1-3 million people followed, ending in the annexation of Dwipantara as a province of the Khilafah.
The entire Dwipantaran society is soon reorganized along the lines of the ways of the Quran and Hadith. Some of the biggest are the Anti-Riba Act, the Pact of Umar, the Fixed Gender Roles Act, and the crackdown against music and arts. Schools are turned into brainwashing centers to spread Salafi Islam and destroy any counter-revolutionary ideologies. A particular focus is the Pantjasila – branded as a thaghut ideology who seeks to divide the Muslim Ummah and weakens Islam's fated rise for global domination.
According to the Quran,
5:45: "And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. But whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the wrongdoers".
5:47: "And let the People of the Gospel judge by what Allah has revealed therein. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed - then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient".
Verses like this are used by Islamists to justify the Sharia-enforcing Khilafah and discredit man-made ideas, most importantly Pantjasila. According to fatwa made by Al Lajnah Daimah li Buhuts Al ‘Ilmiyah wal Ifta in the 11th question on Fatwa no. 5741,
Pantjasila, the 1945 Constitution, and all of its tenets of democracy clearly violates Islam, which stated that the only law available are the laws written by Allah (and tafsirs about those laws, laws that contains a warning for being confusing and contradictory and therefor needs human interpretations for it to be able to function). And as the laws of the Khilafah goes, anyone who opposes the Sharia is an apostate, and apostates are sentenced to death.
This sets the stage for the application of the Khilafah's official ideology, Amar Ma'ruf Nahi Munkar.
Amar Ma'ruf Nahi Munkar
Hardline Islamist vigilante group "sweeping" a tourist area in Faghanbarru, capital of Riau residency. Hardline Islamist mob regularly terrorize Dwipantarans in the name of enforcing the ultraconservative Sharia laws and norms.
Enjoin Good. Forbid Evil. Violence is Love. The three motto of Khilafah Islamiyah symbolizes the Khilafah's official ideology of Amar Ma'ruf Nahi Munkar (Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil), also known as Kegilaan Nasional or "National Insanity" by the Republiken opposition. This idea of active hardline vigilantism to force Islamic norms to society is directly ordered by Muhammad, and serves as the basis of hardline Islam's radical orthodox vigilantism that has terrorized the archipelago since late 1960's. The main idea is that is not enough for Muslims to refrain from doing deeds deemed "bad" by the sky diktats of Allah and His alleged Messenger, Muhammad. Instead, a good Muslim must actively go around to prevent other people from doing those bad deeds. If not, he's not a Muslim.
A speech by the Qadi of Bandaghah after 26 LGBT minorities were sadistically executed by being thrown off the rooftop of Royal Tower Hotel, central Bandaghah.
The reason is that in Islam, if you go against Allah's sky diktats, Allah wil become angry and sadistically torture you in hell – which is a bad thing. By actively searching and "correcting" the "dirty" societal "problems" through the enforcement Islamic norms (whether by words or by violent force), Muslims are actually saving people from the horrific brutal fate that might've befell upon then if the Muslim doing nothing. This is the essence of violence is love: by enforcing the Islam-sanctioned horrific human right violations, Islam successfully brings more good than harm to society. For example, if an adulterer went away without punishment, he will be brutally and eternally torchered in hell by an angry Allah. But if a merciful, loving Muslim step up, arrest him, half-bury him, and ask the angry local vigilante mob to pummel hundreds of rocks to his body until he is killed by a disturbing amount of brutal blunt damages –a.k.a. stoning–, the adulterer's punishment will be reduced, thereby reducing the pain that the adulterer will experience in the long run. That is Islam's concept of love.
This system has resulted in a self-radicalizing cycle of inquisitive hardline Islam. Music, arts, cinema, and drawing become banned, with artists threatened and intimidated by vigilante mob. The burqa become mandatory, women's rights are severly curtailed compared to pre-Khilafah society, Mutawa moral police patrol the streets with their big batons, and hardline FPI vigilantes go around burning churches that violates Sharia regulations. Obviously, many Dwipantarans aren't happy with these developments, and 58 different armed insurrections, civil conflict, and open sectarian civil war has already sprung up throughout the archipelago since Province 14 was annexed in 1968. The worst, such as in Ambon or Poso, are so violent that it is more accurate to describe them as either "genocide" or "massacre". The cycle of hatred only makes the opposing party hate each other more, spiralling the conflicts into worse and worse condition every year and contributing to the violent disintegration of the overall archipelago.
Tenacity of Pantjasila
Separatist rebellion in Denpasar, Bali.
Kesaktian Pantjasila (Tenacity of Pantjasila) refers to the Republiken belief that Pantjasila is the only ideological platform applicable in the Dwipantaran archipelago and that they will triumph in the end over Salafi Islamism. In the early 1990's, dissatisfaction within the Khilafah, its shocking exploitation and discrimination of fellow humans, its dystopian ultra-puritan laws, and the vicious cycle of economic stagnation-recession sow the basis of the establishment of the Alliance to Restore the Republic. Its tenets mimics the struggle of early independence movements: divided and fragile. So past thoughts were dug again, relearned, and spread to the general populace. One of its key point, the pluralistic value that conforms with all of Dwipantarans, became widely popular not just within the minority but also the majority of moderate Muslims, following the passing of the Regional Internal Security Act. The Act greatly empowered the government to take the wealth of the people and draft their children to go Jihading, a source of resentment. The Alliance quickly capitalizes on this aura of disobedience, promoting the notion that had Dwipantara adopted a more pluralistic system, theses burdensome and totally pointless civil wars wouldn't have to happen at all.
By 1996, independence-era ideals was being openly discussed by campus students and labor unions. After a research suggested that as many as 75% of students believes that the Khilafah system must be changed for a new one, the Khilafah immediately planned for a crackdown on these ideals. Their plans are however cut short by the 1996-1997 Oil Glut and the revolts that followed.
Within the resistance movements, atheists (who had been growing from the late 1980's and exploded in the middle to late 1990's) are the backbone of the Alliance's vigilantism. While their numbers pale in comparison to the likes of moderate Banser paramilitary, the atheists are known for its vocalitity and ideas that can garner support in a short period of time. But it is atheism's potential to bring down the Khilafah that becone the worry of the oligarchs, due to a simple fact: that they attack the very religion of Islam itself, where the Khilafah had based its legitimacy from, instead of other aspects. Atheists have so much to lose – e.g. life – but so much to gain, which is why they have been so active within the last two years
3rd Atheis Dwipantara Summit, Zakartah. After the compromise was agreed upon by the central committee, nearly all of the 1.400.000 active members of that national atheist association voted through internet or mail to elect a new God. "Truth" won after getting 42% of the vote.
The Alliance recognize this, and quickly sew a cooperative relationship between the Alliance and themselves. There is however a problem: the Pantjasila, created by all Dwipantarans in 1945, have their first principle "The belief in the Almighty God" as a compromise between the Islamists and the Nationalists. Not wanting to lose this vital connection, which will severely weaken both parties, the Fox invited the most prominent atheists in the country to a secret summit in mid 1997.
The sunmit was tense and tumultuous, but in the end, a compromise was reached both between fellow atheists and between atheists and the Alliance: that atheists should just declare themselves pantheists, who worships the universe or its system. A big naked lie, but it works with little objection. This pantheistic "universe system" needs a name, though, so after the conference ends, 1.400.000 members of the Atheis Dwipantara then vote to determine who is the correct God. Several GINOs (God in Name Only) were put into the ballots, such as:
Truth (a reference to Fullmetal Alchemist)
Lifeforce (a reference to either Final Fantasy VII or Star Wars)
Flying Spaghetti Monster
The God-Emperor of Mankind (with Mr. Nurhadi as its candidate)
Flying Spaghetti Monster
After the result was counted, Truth (which was personally endorsed by the Fox) got 32% of the vote and was elected, under the FPTP voting method, as the new God that atheists should bureaucratically worship. The Fox and other top activists then held a pers conference to state their official position.