The total fertility rate in Polar Svalbard estimated for 2017 is 2.12 children per woman, which is just on the replacement fertility rate of approximately 2.1. Compared to other Western countries, in 2012, Svalbardian fertility rate was higher than that of France (2.01), Australia (1.93) and the United Kingdom (1.92). The Svalbardian Agency of the Census (SAC) shows a population increase of 0.25% for the twelve-month period ending in July 2016. This is very low by industrialized country standards, and this is way below the world average annual rate of 1.1%.
There are about 15.6 million women in Polar Svalbard in 2017. The number of men is 14.8 million. At age 85 and older, there is almost twice as many women as men. People under 21 years of age made up over a quarter of the Svalbardian population (29.1%), and people age 65 and over made up almost one-seventh (13.5%). The national median age was 32.8 years in 2015.