Largest City: Alta
Official Languages: Norwegian, English
Government: Dual Consulate Republic
Legislative members: 100
Land Area: ~140,000 sq. km
GDP nominal: 913,551,946,300 USD
GNI: 1.5 Trillion USD
GDP per Capita: 30,000 USD
Currency: The Svalbardian Dollar
Drives on the right
Date format: mm/dd/yy
The Dual Consular Republic of Polar Svalbard commonly called Polar Svalbard (/'poʊ.lər 'svɑl.bärd/) or Svalbard, is a Dual Consular Republic located on the Zazchey Archipelago in the North Mesder Sea. It is located to the North of the Sub-Continent of Raedlon and is close to nations such as Norstham and Vancouvia. Polar Svalbard covers around 140,000 square kilometers and has has an estimated population of 30,350,000. Polar Svalbard comprises of ten provinces and the Wake Isles Territory.
Polar Svalbard is a power in the Northern Mesder Region, with ties to nations around the Isles. As a founding member of the MSTO it has notable friendships with nations around the Mesder, although it has made enemies in Communist nations around the Western Isles. The nation has recently stepped out of the spotlight after its conquests in the Western Isles and has recently been engaged in conflicts in the South Mesder. The nation has trade relations around the region and its navy protects trade in its area.
Polar Svalbard takes its name from the large influence of the Norwegian populace that had grown throught the 1600s, 1700s, and 1800s. By the point that the Uprising of the Wolves occurred, Norwegians were in a position of power and importance, dominating the nation's economy over the traditional Svalbardians. In honor of their mother country and their new roots, the Norwegians who found themselves in power renamed the nation to Polar Svalbard.
The standard way to refer to a citizen of Polar Svalbard is as a "Svalbardian."
Polar Svalbard is located on the Zazchey Archipelago which consists of 28 islands and numerous atolls and reefs and whatnot. Not all of the islands in the Zazchey Archipelago are under Svalbardian control though, yet the major islands of Amarin and Kadmo are part of the Svalbardian homelands. Major geographic features include the islands of Amarin, Kadmo, and the Dorlec Mountain Range found on Amarin. Most of the islands around the Zazchey Archipelago are rather hilly, and some have dormant volcanoes, although the Island of Kadmo is rather flat in comparison to the average of other islands. More information on the island of Amarin can be found here.
There are three major types of climate found in Polar Svalbard.
The Southeast of Amarin, the Island of Kadmo, the Wake Isles, and islands inbetween these areas comprise of an Oceanic Climate. Temperatures rarely go below 5 degrees Celsius or exceed 30 degrees Celsius in these areas. Around many of the Islands the weather is quite predictable although due to the Dorlec Mountain Range the climate of Southern Amarin can be more unpredictable. Often South Amarin is more humid with more precipitation and is often a bit warmer than in locations like the Wake Islands or in Kadmo. These areas have warm summers and cool (Not cold) winters. While skies are more often clear in the Islands, South Amarin is often quite cloudy and often has rainstorms and Thunderstorms.
North Amarin and the surrounding islands comprise a Humid Continental Climate. These areas have large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is usually well distributed through the year. Often snowfall occurs between the months of November and March leading into generally warm summers.
Western Amarin comprises a Dry Continental Climate which is similar to North Amarin, although due to the Dorlec Mountain Ranges it suffers from a severe drop in precipitation. Most precipitation is stopped by the Dorlec Mountain Range from coming to the Western part of Amarin. Western Amarin can be comparable to the American Mid-west, and also suffers from Tornado problems due to cold weather being funneled and warm weather being funneled by the Dorlec Mountain Range.
Polar Svalbard suffers from some Environmental problems left over from the Age of Industrialization. Rivers in South-East Amarin and on the island of Kadmo have some amounts of pollutants in them, and there are areas of ground that have been affected by chemical leaks that have been cordoned off. Some forests in Polar Svalbard are still recovering from deforestation, and the Island of North Wake has actually been fully deforested. Luckily though in the last century Polar Svalbard has focused on improving the environment through environmental laws and has not been as affected as other Western nations have been.
The population of Polar Svalbard is 30,350,563, quite large among other nations located along the Mesder Sea. The largest area by population would be South-East Amarin, being home to many of the major Svalbardian Cities. Along with South-East Amarin, Kadmo is quite large in terms of population-density. Fairly low population areas would be islands surrounding Amarin and the Wake Isles. Overwhelmingly the majority of Svalbardians are of the "Svalbardian" Ethnic group which is defined as a mix of pre-dominantly Norwegian and Second Wave Ethnicity. Russo-Svalbardian and Arabic-Svalbardian are also population sub-sets. In Western Amarin many people can trace ancestry to the Khas-Kirat hordes, and in the Dorlec Mountain Ranges there are many tribes that are First Wave Ethnicity.
Most Svalbardians are bi-lingual, especially in the South-East Amarin area, knowing both English and Norwegian. These two are overwhelmingly the main languages in Polar Svalbard and every Svalbardian knows at least one of them, the more prevalent being English. Russian can be found in North Amarin and in surrounding Isles. Khas-Kirat languages and Arabic can be found in Western Amarin. There are a range of minor Ethnic languages to be found in the Dorlec Mountain Range and in the Wake Isles.
Major secondary religions are Islam and Bhuddism. These religions are mainly found in Western and South-Western Amarin, especially among peoples descended from the Khas-Kirat hordes of the early second millennium. These peoples rejected the missionaries from Europe and found themselves more tied to missionaries that came from Asia. Along with that the early 20th century saw an influx in Arabic peoples from the unrest in the Middle-East, who mostly settled in the more familiar landscapes of Western Amarin.
There is still Paganism in Polar Svalbard, and this is due mainly to ethnic tribes from the first wave of colonization in Svalbardian History still existing in areas like the Dorlec Mountain Range and in the Wake Isles Territory. These religions follow many different traditions, although those found in the Wake Islands are quite similar to each other. In the end though the paganistic religions are quite overlooked by the Svalbardian government and this has led to protests across the Dorlec Mountain Range Tribes.
Increasingly though a large part of the Svalbardian population are becoming Atheist or Agnostic. This is mainly in the South-Eastern part of Amarin, and especially in the Capital City of Alta. Many people feel dissolutioned with the world, which also can be seen in correlation with the rampant alcoholism that is occurring in Polar Svalbard, and are starting to stray from the religions of their parents. It is likely that future censuses will show larger and larger percentages of the population becoming non-religious.
Polar Svalbard has a number of very large cities, although there is a steep drop off in population numbers between them. Alta and Frexnakia are two of the largest cities in the North Mesder Sea Region. Both contain a large city proper and a large metropolitan area. The majority of the Svalbardian population lives in an urban environment, and the majority of large cities are located in South-East Amarin and the island of Kadmo.
Polar Svalbard is a Dual Consular Republic. It is led by the Consul Bellum and the Consul Adstutia, and its legislature is dictated by the Senate. These parts of the government are kept in check by the Svalbardian High Court. While the classification of the nation may lead one to believe that Polar Svalbard is quite democratic, the nation has a problem in which it is quite oligarchic in many ways, leading to less political freedoms than in other countries like Polar Svalbard.
The Executive Branch holds most of the power in the government, through the two consuls and their Counsels of Advisers. The Consul Bellum chiefly deals with Economics and the Military, whilst his counterpart, the Consul Adstutia, deals mostly with Foreign and Domestic Affairs. Often, due to gender roles, Men have a better chance of attaining the consular title of Consul Bellum while the same can be said for women and the consular role of the Consul Adstutia. The Consuls are assisted by their Council of Advisers. This works like the Secretaries in the U.S and ministers in other nations. The Council Bellum holds the SMI Director, the Minister of the Economy, the Minister of the Armed Forces, the Infrastructure Minister, the Environmental Minister, and the Chief Adviser. The Council Adstutia holds the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of the Interior, the Minister of Education, an SMI Liason, and the Chief Adviser.
The Svalbardian Senate is located in the Hall of Voices in Alta, Polar Svalbard. Contained in a large semi-circular chamber, there are 100 seats which contain all the members of the Senate. The Senate is led by the Speaker of the People. The Speaker of the People is appointed by a party, or coalition, that contains over 50% of the seats. The Senate makes the legislative laws of the State, declare wars, and levy taxes. Senators are elected every two years. The Senate contains four main parties, and a few smaller ones. The four main parties are the Nationalist Party, the Federalists, the Worker's Party, and the Noble's Party. Some notable smaller ones include the Libertarians, the Wake Nationals Party, and the Together is Strength (TS) party.
The Svalbardian High Court is the supreme court of the land, handling cases concerning the government and the rich of the nation. It is led by The Seven, seven justices who are over the age of 50 and have 20 years of experience in the Justice System. It typically handles suits against the government and disputes between the Senate and the Consuls.
Svalbardian Diplomacy has followed the same course that it has been following for years, stick close to friends and hound your enemies. With a fervently nationalistic people, even Svalbardian diplomatic ties follow suit. Polar Svalbard rarely has much to do with nations that do not fit into the puzzle that it has created for itself, but when punchs are thrown the nation does not hesitate to throw them back. Overall the nation has focused on defense, peace, and rooting out the nation's that have tried to thwart both of those. Polar Svalbard is apart of the MSTO, League, the Commonwealth of Nations and the Eterna-Argean Friendship Accords.
The Svalbardian Military is a strong force to be reckoned with, and one of the large parts of MSTO. The Svalbardian Navy is the nation's pride and joy, being one of the largest in the Isles, and one of the most modern. The amount of funds that are dedicated to the navy do not make the army nor the airforce push overs though. The Svalbardian army is well versed in amphibious warfare and the Svalbardian Airforce has become adept at CAS missions, especially with recent conflicts in the Wake islands. The Svalbardian Military has been involved in operations across the Mesder, and stands ready to continue to do so. As with the Svalbardian Military motto, "Stand strong, United!", Polar Svalbard shall stand firm with her allies.
Currency: The Svalbardian Dollar
Fiscal Year: Calendar Year
GDP (nominal): 913,551,946,300 USD
GDP (nominal) per capita: 30,100 USD
Labor Force: 19,727,900
The Svalbardian economy is broad and diverse, covering numerous industries and economic ventures, spanning the sectors of the economy. Considered a large economy for the Western Isles it contains a population of 30,350,563 people with a GDPPC of 30,100 USD totaling to a GDP nominal of 913,551,946,300 USD. The Gross National Income (GNI) though totals in at 1.5 Trillion USD.
Polar Svalbard has a rather balanced Import-Export Monetary Value with a fluctuating trade deficit or surplus depending on the year. Main exports in the Primary Sector come from Agriculture and Mining operations, while main exports in the Secondary Sector come from a broad range of industries spearheaded by industries such as Petroleum Products, Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, and Robotic equipment. Overall due to this balance the Svalbardian Dollar is seen as a stable currency, currently sitting at 98 cents to the dollar.
The Economy of Polar Svalbard can be considered a Modified Market Economy. While there are restrictions on businesses, many of the more powerful ones who have connections to government are able to flout these restrictions in some cases with minimal effort. Consumerism is encouraged by the government, with entrepreneurs usually receiving tax incentives for starting businesses. Public Utilities are the only places one can find the government nationalizing businesses.
The Culture of Polar Svalbard has been influenced by many factors including: the nation's island status; the injection of European ideals by Norwegian and Russian immigrants and settlers; the old culture of Second Wave Peoples; and the old traditions of First Wave Peoples. Along with that people who have immigrated have brought their cultures, the nation brought back cultural elements from conquered nations, and the Khas-Kirat peoples can still draw roots to the original hordes.
Christianity has had a large impact on the culture of Polar Svalbard. It's introduction via Norwegian, English, and Russian missionaries who came to Polar Svalbard was extremely quick in its taking of the majority of believers. It's introduction led to extreme changes in literature, art and architecture from the early 1600s to the 1700s in what is known as the Svalbardian Christian Movement.
Along with that we see influences in art and literature from the smaller religions that hold sway in Polar Svalbard, ancient art, literature and architecture is heavily influenced by the Old Svalbardian Pantheon that was prevalent with Second Wave People.
Polar Svalbard's road spending has been extensive. It's ~450,000 kilometers of paved roads are the main means of transportation. As of January 2015, Polar Svalbard has approximately 455,000 kilometers of roads, made up of 360,000 kilometers of city, town and village roads, 75,000 kilometers of provincial roads, and 20,000 kilometers of national highways. Car usage is extensive with 62% of all distance traveled in the nation being by car.
Svalbardian railways are nationalized with privatization of railroads having ended in the early eighties. Railroads link all major cities, and many major towns. Starting in 2010, Polar Svalbard started building high speed railways in the South-East part of the nation. There are 30 airports in Polar Svalbard. The largest airport is Alta International. Frexnakia Port is the nation's largest and busiest port.
Polar Svalbard has been converting to renewable energy for quite awhile after the realization of the impact that industrialization had on the environment. As such currently 60% of Svalbardian energy sources are renewable energy. The largest contributors are solar and hydroelectric. Along with that 60%, 20% of the nation's energy comes from nuclear sources. The rest of the energy comes from fossil fuels. These are more prevalent in the Northern parts of Polar Svalbard.