Official Photo of Eduardo
President of the Council of Ministers
Assumed Office: 10 August 2021
Preceded by: Augusto Veiga Araujo
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
10 February 2014 – 9 August 2021
03 September 1978 (age 43)
National Liberal Party
Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul
"All empires will fall one day, but Brazil won't fall, not on my watch."
- Eduardo Michalski
Eduardo Martens Michalski (born 3 September 1978) is a Brazilian politician and historian who has been the 41st Prime Minister of Brazil since 10 August 2021. He served in the Chamber of Deputies for seven years, representing the state of Rio Grande do Sul, between 2014 and 2021. He was the first Prime Minister to be directly elected by the people, running for the National Liberal Party.
Eduardo was born in Porto Alegre, the capital of the province of Rio Grande do Sul. He graduated from the Universidade do Rio Grande do Sul in 2001 and started working as a historian for the same University in 2003. Eduardo also had a part-time job at a local newspaper. His journey to fame and politics began in 2005 when he published an article in favor of André Franco Teixeira, a Deputy accused of corruption who would be elected Prime Minister a decade later. Eduardo joined the National Liberal Party the same year.
In 2010 Eduardo ran for city councilor of Porto Alegre but lost. In 2011 he published a book, entitled "The Moderator Power: A Study of the Brazilian Upside Down Parlamentarism". With republican and conservative tones, the book was not a commercial success but made Eduardo relevant in the National Liberal Party, and with the support acquired, Eduardo ran for the Chamber of Deputies in 2013 for his natal state and was elected with 95 thousand votes.
Eduardo has been described as a populist hardline conservative. Openly nationalist, his republican opinions disappeared after the Civil War, in which he decided to side with the Empress, Ana Sofia, instead of the republican rebels. He fought alongside police and military forces during the siege of Belo Horizonte. In the conflict, Eduardo lost three toes of his left foot. His courage and performance in the battlefield attracted fame, and soon Eduardo served a propaganda role for the loyalists. In April 2021, Eduardo was decorated with the Medal of Bravery and Gallantry.
In the election campaign of 2021, he portrayed himself as a nationalist and a supporter of workers and the Brazilian family. He ran against eight other candidates in the first round of the general election and came in first place with 31% of the votes. In the second round, he ran against Miguel Saraiva of the Liberal Party, and Eduardo was elected with 45% of the vote.
Eduardo Michalski was born on 3 September of 1978 in the city of Porto Alegre in the south region of Brazil, then part of the South American Union. Son of Daniel Michalski, an English teacher, and Amélia Martens, a journalist, Eduardo was an affectionate and curious child. Of Polish, Dutch, and Portuguese descent, his maternal grandparents emigrated from Eindhoven, while his paternal great-grandparents emigrated from Lublin and Warsaw and married in Passo Fundo, Brazil.
Eduardo studied in five different schools through his childhood and teenage years. In an interview in 2013, he said to have fond memories of Padre Feijó School, where he met his first girlfriend and made a friendship with Hélio Barreto, who would be his best friend until the civil war.
Eduardo had an active political life in university, taking part of marches and demonstrations against the centrist president of the South American Union. He was a member of the Juventude Nacionalista, an integralist organization for the youth. He left the Juventude Nacionalista in 2000 after fighting with the regional leader of the organization over an issue which he doesn't remember.
In 2001 Eduardo graduated from his History course. He spent 2 years writing three books, each one of them about a historical event of South American history. In 2003 he joined a research team of his former university and also started teaching history at the same university. In the same year, he started working for O Sentinela, a local newspaper of south Brazil. Every week, he published an article about a historical event or a current political trend. In 2005 he published an article supporting André Franco Teixeira, a Deputy accused of corruption. The same year he joined the National Liberal Party.
In 2006 he left O Sentinela and began working for the Hora Nacional, the newspaper of the National Liberal Party. Not a very active politician, Eduardo nevertheless used his spare time to write books and organize mobilizations in favor of workers. He was a lead figure of the 2011 Protests against the corrupt Brazilian Prime Minister Jorge Queiroz. His popularity quickly rose after the protests and, with promises of defending the Brazilian worker from exploitation and "foreign enemies", he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 2014.
During his two terms at the Chamber of Deputies, Eduardo put forward 25 bills, with 5 of them passing into law. An advocate of the South American Union, he ran for the South American Congress in 2016 but wasn't elected by a margin of 2 thousand votes. Disappointed, he powerlessly saw the dissolution of the South American Union in 2017.
In 2018 he was elected for a second term in the Chamber of Deputies. When the civil war started, he was called by his friend Hélio Barreto to be one of the leaders of the republican movement. He refused and remained loyal to the Empress. When Eduardo was a kid, he dreamt of being a soldier. The civil war provided him the chance to join a path he didn't choose earlier. In March 2020, Eduardo traveled from Rio de Janeiro to Belo Horizonte to fight on the frontline of the fight against communists and republicans. At Belo Horizonte, he captured his friend Hélio in the siege of a hospital - Hélio had joined the republicans. Hélio resisted and shot Eduardo, who shot back, hitting Hélio's head.
After the incident, Eduardo became a silent loner for a while. According to his interview in December 2020, the only occasion he felt alive again was when he met a woman named Emília in Belo Horizonte. However, he did recover in time for the campaign of the 2021 elections.
Eduardo assumed office on 10 August 2021, a Tuesday. Eduardo's cabinet is composed of 19 ministries, four more ministries than the last government's cabinet. His cabinet is composed of famous Brazilians such as writer Júlia da Silva Peixoto, minister of Education, and experts, such as the economist Ricardo Coutinho, minister of Commerce and Industry.
Repealed Blasphemy Laws
Despite his conservative stance, Eduardo repealed the country's blasphemy laws after pressure from free speech groups. Brazil was the only country in the Americas to have such laws.
Immigration Act of 2021
The Immigration Act established a maximum number of immigrants that can enter Brazil per year. It also added requirements for applying for citizenship and immigration licenses. The immigration act also legalized emigration.
Raise in Foreign Corporate Tax
Raised from 20% to 35% the tax on foreign corporations and businesses.
Schools will be built in undeveloped areas. School vouchers will also be distributed. Certain college degrees will be offered free of charge to good students.
Amazon Recovery Program
A state program to stop the destruction of the Amazon Forest. It extends the areas of indigenous reserves and establishes much harsher punishments for arsonists, among other acts.
For & Against
For: Jingoism, nationalism, conservatism, punishment, environmentalism, republicanism (supposed), secularism, populism
Against: Drug legalization, abortion, gun control, euthanasia, rehabilitation, feminism, masculinism, fascism, communism, libertarianism, traditionalism
Single, according to Eduardo himself he won't be marrying any soon.
Eduardo's height is 184 cm (6'0.5")
Eduardo's favorite hobbies are writing, jogging, soccer and stamp collecting.
At age 43, Eduardo is still a very athletic and strong man.
Eduardo has written 7 books to this day.
Eduardo's favorite songs are Your Love by The Outfield, Owner of a Lonely Heart by Yes, and What is Love by Haddaway.
Leader Traits (Victoria II and HOI 4)
- Personality: Gallant (+20% morale)
Background: Politician (-10% morale, +10% experience)
Leader Traits: Protectionist (-33% trade and economy laws cost), War Hero (+10 stability, +15% political power gain daily)
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