by Max Barry

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National Factbook of Panem and Circensis

Republic of Panem and Circensis



Flag
Motto:"Vrijheid, gelijkheid, eenheid"



Location


Population: 15,757,965
-Density: 415/km˛


Capital: Vrijestad
Largest City: Vrijestad


Official Language: Dutch
National Languages: Dutch, Portuguese, Swahili


Demonym: Sibindi


Government: Unitary parliamentary republic
-Prime Minister: Paul Rusesabagina
-President: Mark Atieno


Legislature: Staten-Generaal
-Upper House: None
-Lower House: Huis van Afgevaardigden


Establishment: from the Netherlands
Independence: November 25, 1973


Land Area: 23,594 mi˛ (37,971 km˛)
Water Area: negligible


Elevation
Highest Point: 4,400 ft (1,341 m)
Lowest Point: 0 ft
GDP (nominal): V985.4 billion
GDP (nominal) per capita: V62,533


HDI (2018): 54.20


Currency: e-Viaticum (V)


Time Zone: (UTC+6)


Drives on the: right


Calling code: +95


Internet TLD: .pc

Panem and Circensis


The Republic of Panem and Circensis (Dutch: Republiek Panem en Circensis) is a small, democratic nation, tucked away in the Indian Ocean halfway between the British Indian Ocean Territory and the Australian Cocos (Keeling) Islands. This, of course, means the country has no land borders with any other countries. The country has about 15 million inhabitants.

The country was first inhabited by settlers from South Asia. However, these settlements were small, isolated, and unorganized, and shared almost no common attributes other than the ethnicity. Larger settlements came much later during the late 18th century by East Africans, predominantly Luo people from Tanzania and Kenya, who were trying to escape the Arab slave trade and the Omani Sultanate. Decades later, Dutch colonists arrived, and heavily influenced the country for more than a century. The Dutch rule ended after the War of Independence from 1964 to 1971, and independence was officially granted at the end of 1973.
The nation is high income, and is categorized as developed, with high human development scores. The GDP is V985.4 billion, per capita being V62,533. The economy is primarily driven by information technology, with Informatiekracht being the largest company in the country by market value. Other contributing industries are trout fishing, agriculture, cheese exports, and arms manufacturing, primarily from American and Russian defense contractors. The country’s economy is no doubt mostly made up of state-owned companies, with state capitalism and economic planning being the main model for the economy. Panem and Circensis is a member of Ridgefield and the World Assembly.

Etymology
The name of the western island, Panem, is derived from the Latin word for "bread". The Bantu settlers named it this because of the island's long growing season and its fertile soil. The eastern island was named Circensis, derived from the Latin term for "circuses", as the "Stone Town" of the island, its first settlement, was a notorious red-light district from the 18th century until the 1940s. However, the demonym is "Sibindi", as this is what the Xhosa navigator of the ship named said ship, "sibindi" being the Xhosa word for "courageous", as he felt the original settlers were very brave to leave everything they knew behind for a safe haven far out in the ocean.

History
As discussed earlier, the first inhabitants were South Asians from present-day Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu, and Bengal. However, for hundreds of years, these settlements only had a few hundred people and were small in number, with no common language existing between them. It was not until the 18th century, when large-scale settlements popped up in Panem and Circensis. This was due to a coastal, mercantile Bantu tribe residing in what is now Kenya and Tanzania, which had learned European boat construction, navigation, and sailing from the Portuguese merchants. In addition, these people also learned the Portuguese language, and some even started families with these traders. This made them outcasts from other Bantu tribes in the area, as they were seen as too cooperative with Europeans. This cultural exchange continued until the 18th century, when Arabs and the Omani Sultanate came to East Africa for slaves. In an effort to get away from the Omanis, in 1757, they rescued a Xhosa navigator, who had also learned European sailing and navigation, who was set for slavery in the Middle East, and they built a ship. 2,532 people left on the gargantuan ship known as the Sibindi to anywhere the Omanis could not reach their people. After months of stopping at ports in Seychelles and the Maldives, they came upon Panem and Circensis. To paraphrase navigator Thabo Nombuyiselo,
"By dawn, it was the eighty-seventh day on this vessel. At this time, we appeared on course for New Holland and the East Indies, lands controlled by the Dutch who would often visit my former home. Later that day, a scout found an island. It was small, and not fit for habitation. However, I saw two larger lands on the horizon, and requested the captain to continue in that direction. When we arrived, I saw very little smoke from fires, a common sight around dusk. We made landing, and asked the ship's civilian population whether or not this should be made our permanent settlement. By an overwhelming vote, it was decided. As we tried to find fresh water, I came across a group of Hindus from India. There seemed to be only one hundred men in the settlement. Eventually, at the earliest hours of the next day, we found a lake that could be used as a water source."
As this was happening, a quarry was found, allowing for sturdy construction material on the island, as the wood from the trees was not very strong. In 1764, an unknown settler built a complex he called "Circensis" based off the Latin word for "circuses". This complex was, obviously, built on Circensis. The complex was a "tolerance zone", otherwise a red-light district where gambling was legal and taverns could open with little to zero bureaucratic hurdles. This was opposed by the religious leaders, who were consequently stoned by the would-be prostitutes; it is said that this started a long tradition of secularism and tolerance towards drugs and prostitution, something which obviously is still carried to this day, with heavy recreational drug use, heavy irreverence towards religion, and legal prostitution. The complex was, obviously, built. In 1798, on the way to Batavia (Jakarta, Indonesia), Dutch explorer Willem van Bemmelen landed in the settlement now called Vrijestad and declared the land for the Netherlands. He was very surprised to find Africans so far out from Africa, and especially the fact they could speak Portuguese and had European technologies and a knowledge of Latin. Van Bemmelen was welcomed with open arms, and was treated as an honored guest. Van Bemmelen wanted to establish a port owned by the Dutch East India Company. The native inhabitants accepted, as long as 10 percent of their income would go to the Baraza la Watawala, or council of rulers. Van Bemmelen did not report his findings to his government, due to his opposition to the Batavian Republic, a client state of France. However, due to the lack of organization of the French government, he was still able to stay at the upper eschelons of the Dutch East India Company. He stayed on the islands until 1815, when he returned to Amsterdam. He reported his findings to King William I, and a colony was established, much to the dismay of the African inhabitants. The Dutch rule was an exploitative time period, where the African majority and other non-whites were treated as lower class citizens, while the white Dutch population was incredibly privileged, and enjoyed a much higher quality of life than the majority of inhabitants. The inhabitants were stuck either in large plantations to harvest sugarcane or in mountain ranges for silver mining, one of the most dangerous jobs in the world. The economy, however, progressed, and some of the more unsavory aspects of silver mining were resolved, but 4,000 people per year would still die from silver mining high in the mountains. In the cane fields, Africans were treated as slaves, like in the Americas. The Dutch colonial police, the OONBOT (Organisatie voor het Onderhoud van Nederlands Bestuur Over de Tweelingeilanden). However, nationalist thought would gain an increased following after the First World War, and the intensity of the desire for independence increased and became more organized as time marched on. At first, most aspiring for independence were socialists, inspired by the Russian Revolution. In 1923, peaceful socialist protestors were shot by white Dutch police in Vrijestad. This spiked in the 1940s when revolutionary Willem Mandela started publishing many books and leading takeovers of plantations to wrestle economic and mental control from the Dutch colonists. In 1950, he was arrested by the Dutch government after killing a Dutch plantation owner in an effort to take it over. This gained him, and his PBPCKR (Partij voor de Bevrijding van Panem en Circensis van de Koloniale Regering) national fame. When he was released three years later, he was greeted by a cheering crowd of 50,000 Africans. As the 1950s marched on, he became more convinced that his violent methods were justified as the Dutch, despite the wave of decolonization across the world, and the loss of Indonesia through a war of independence against the Dutch. In 1959, he planned a coup against the colonial administration in Vrijestad, which failed. He broke out in 1961. After being inspired by Indonesia, Algeria, and Cuba, and their violent struggles for independence, and increased immersion in socialist thought, he became convinced that war was the only way to dismantle Dutch rule. On the night of October 31, 1964, the Nationaal Front voor Bevrijding (National Front for Liberation) carried out raids against Dutch businesses and government buildings. This was successful in provoking the Netherlands into declaring war. Over 1 million people volunteered for NFB. Helped by Soviet training, weapons, and finances, the NFB became successful in its guerrilla tactics. By 1968, the NFB started using more conventional tactics, and captured large swaths of territory. By 1970, Vrijestad was subject to regular shootouts in the streets. In 1971, a majority of Dutch political parties agreed that pulling out of Panem and Circensis was the best course of action. The government asked an end to the fighting in exchange for the withdrawal of Dutch troops except from Vrijestad, and independence “sometime before December 31, 1975” if a referendum for independence was passed. The referendum passed with 95 percent support. The country became independent on November 25, 1973.

Geography
The land area of Panem and Circensis is 23,594 square miles, or about 37,971 square kilometers. The country has a tropical savanna climate that is relatively dry, compared to most tropical climates, with the wet season being the months November-February (inclusive), and the driest months being that of May-September (inclusive). The temperature remains around 30 degrees Celsius in the daytime and 18 degrees Celsius in the night during the wettest months. During the driest months, the day high reaches 35 degrees Celsius and the night low is around 25 degrees Celsius. The main islands are each about the size of Belgium. Both islands are volcanic, with the tallest point, Mount Mandela, being 4,400 feet (1,341 meters) tall. The volcano went extinct around the late 15th century. As a result, around 30 percent of all beaches have black sand. On both the islands, there is a small basin allowing for ports to be constructed, and most of the outer edges of the islands are flanked by mountain ranges, known locally as the Spines. In the Spines, there are famous glow worm caves, which attract heavy tourism. Since the makeup of both Panem and Circensis is so similar, they are known as the “Twin Islands”. Panem has a larger population than Circensis. There are three smaller islands in between the main two however: Vjaya, Terraya, and Tavarana. These islands, combined, add a population of around 4,000. They are inhabited by the Sana people. The Sana people have renounced a modern way of life, and do not pay Social Security taxes. Until 1998, they received Social Security benefits;however, Sana people do not receive these benefits anymore. In the rest of the country, the people see the Sana as backwards, mentally ill, and uneducated.

Demographics
The country has a population of about 15 million people, and over half the population is under 35, meaning the population is set to grow even more, with 2.00 births per woman. Immigrants are a small group, but come primarily from Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. About 79% of the population is Afro-Sibindi, with around 18% being white, mostly Dutch, and 3% being South Asian or Bengali. The white population used to be around 30% in the early 1970s, but independence meant many wanted to leave for the Netherlands to retain their Dutch citizenship. However, a majority of white Dutch stayed, as the Netherlands had played an enormous part in the culture and the development of the country, and the new government promised equality for all citizens. The majority of the country identifies with atheism, as atheists were given more opportunities in the country, and irreligion was state-sponsored. However, it is not illegal to adhere to a religion. Around 91% if the population is atheist, with 6% adhering to Christianity, 2% to traditional African folk beliefs, and 1% to other religions. Dutch is the state-mandated national language, and 97% speak it as a first language. The other 3% have a variety of other languages as first languages.

Largest Cities

Rank

City

Metro area population

Region

1

Vrijestad

4,712,211

Panem

2

Stenenstad

2,198,546

Circensis

3

Koningsstad

1,575,797

Panem

4

Mandela

1,256,959

Panem

5

Nieuw Amsterdam

1,099,937

Circensis

6

Bruges

942,618

Panem

7

Polders

628,513

Panem

8

Hemel

314,444

Panem

9

Tropen

312,269

Panem

10

Nieuw Zeeland

157,580

Circensis

Government
The Republic of Panem and Circensis is a unitary constitutional republic. It is a parliamentary system, with a ranked choice voting system for electing MPs in each constituency. However, 25 percent of the seats are to be reserved seats for the Panem and Circensis Communist Party; these districts are generally those, according to polls and computer modeling, are most likely to vote against the Communist Party in an open, democratic election. In those 25 percent of seats, the only election is a party primary involving political insiders. In the other 75 percent of seats, elections are open and free. The Sibindi Constitution is the supreme law-however, all laws are subject to review every 19 years to evaluate whether or not they belong in the “modern day” as the republic could go on for hundreds of years, and archaic laws lead to dissolution. So far, 20 amendments have passed between 1974 and today. The citizen is subject to three levels of government: federal, and local.

Federal Government:Headquartered in Vrijestad, Panem Region. Responsible for national defense, foreign policy, space exploration, guarantees basic human rights, builds infrastructure, makes all laws for the nation

Regional Government:Responsible for taxation, education, healthcare, maintenance of infrastructure, reports needs of each region to the capital

Local Government: Administers police and fire forces, as well as other public works.

The federal government is composed of three branches:

    Executive: Headed by both the President and Prime Minister. President can appoint Supreme Court Justices, and is commander-in-chief of the Ponderosa military.

    Legislative: Made up of the Huis van Afgevaardigden, the only house of the Staten-Generaal, or federal parliament. Makes federal law, declares war, allocates federal funds, and approves treaties.

    Judicial: Made up of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts. Has the power of judicial review, and is the highest legal authority after the Constitution.

Foreign Relations and Military

World Assembly Headquarters

Panem and Circensis is a growing power on the world stage, and is already a middle power in Ridgefield, acting as the judge in the region. Panem and Circensis, since independence, has been officially neutral since independence at the end of 1973. However, Panem and Circensis has a nuclear weapons program, and tests are pending around 2042. Total military spending in 2040 was V417.41 billion or 8.9% of the national budget. The President serves as commander-in-chief of the Sibindi military, which is headed by the Department of Defense. The military is divided into three branches: the Army, Air Force, the Navy, and the Marines. All of these branches serve professionally, and have no other occupation. Conscription is illegal under the Constitution of Panem and Circensis.

Economy

Economic Indicators

Rank:
Currency: e-Viaticum (V)
Fiscal Year: January 1-December 31
______________________________________________

GDP (nominal): V985.4 billion
GDP (nominal) per capita: V62,533
Labor Force: 11 million
Unemployment: 1%

Panem and Circensis has a mixed economy, essentially state capitalism. Private industry is illegal, but are operated as private businesses, as the state is forbidden by law to bail failing state companies out with taxpayer money. The country sets concrete economic goals for each industry, developed by some of the most advanced computers in the world. Due to a socialist economy, the unemployment rate is exceptionally low. The country is one of the largest exporters of goods, especially tropical lavender, a much more potent form of lavender that grows only in Panem and Circensis. It is also a lead exporter of sugarcane, silver, and fish, cheese, livestock, and weapons. Information technology is currently the largest industry, with Informatiekrecht being the leading company in the sector. Other major industries include trout farming, cheese exports, and arms manufacturing.

Culture
Panem and Circensis is not a completely homogeneous country, but it still has little immigration. Overall, a majority of the population has African heritage. As a result, some African traditions are present. However, due to the relative isolation from Africa, and the exposure to different cultures, these traditions are toned down compared to anywhere in Africa. Due to Dutch colonization, most inhabitants observe Dutch traditions, Dutch legends, and generally adhere to a slightly altered Dutch way of life. Sibindis have been described as “hard working in the day, and laid back in the night.” Leisure time is cherished in the country;it is not seen as an opportunity cost unlike in other countries.

Food
The mainstream Sibindi cuisine is different from African cuisine as underwater
farming has led to an increased harvesting of crops like kelp. These marine crops make up a larger portion of the Sibindi diet than would in East Africa. In addition, Sibindi cuisine has been slightly influenced by Dutch cooking. However, in regards to foreign cuisine, Indian cuisine is considered the most prevelant and popular.

Sports
The national is sport is football, or soccer. It is often said that football is “a bigger religion than any other” in the country. However, only six teams play in the national league. The best players from these teams are then encouraged to pursue trials in Europe. As a result, the national team’s players primarily play for European clubs. The national team has achieved great success, winning the World Cup twice in 2026 and 2038. It was previously a runner up in 2022 and 2034, received third place in 2018, and fourth in 2010. The 2026 win made Panem and Circensis the first Asian nation to ever win the World Cup. The 2042 World Cup will be held in Panem and Circensis, giving it strong odds to become consecutive winners.

Infrastructure
The most dominant form of transportation is the car. However, public transport like subways are also often used. The highway system is composed of 233,972 kilometers (145,383 miles). Public transport is widespread and commonly used, due to the country’s highly urbanized population. The country is famous for its magnetic levitation, or “bullet” trains. Both public transport and airlines are nationalized, but foreign airlines are allowed to operate, as long as they do not encroach on PCAir’s designated market share of 50 percent. Vrijestad’s Mandela International Airport is one of the two international airports, with the other being Stenenstad International Airport. These airports both have millions of passengers, and serve as a hub between flights from Australia, Africa, Asia, and Europe.

Energy
Panem and Circensis uses a high amount of energy per capita. A majority comes from renewables, especially solar energy. Due to the country’s tropical location, solar makes up 60% of the energy consumed. Nuclear plants are not used due to their expense and the high population density. Around 40 percent of cars are electric, one of the highest percentages in the world.

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