by Max Barry

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Strategic Defense Force (SDF)

STRATEGIC DEFENSE FORCE





Panama Coalition

STRATEGIC DEFENSE
FORCE

Founded

1997

Type

Strategic Forces

Roles

Strategic deterrence, global strike, integrated missile
defense, global C4ISR

Size

15.000 Active Personnel

Part of

The Panama Coalition Defense Forces

Headquarters

Cerro Ancon


The Strategic Defense Force (SDF) is a military organization under the joint control of the Joint Staff Command of the Armed Forces and Panamanian government with the task of protecting the Panama Coalition. The SDF deters strategic attack and employs forces, as directed, to guarantee the security of the nation and allies, being able to respond to major international crises that require military effort and combat operations at the global operational level.

Strategic defense is a type of military planning doctrine and a set defense and/or combat activities used for the purpose of deterring, resisting and repelling a strategic offensive, conducted as either a territorial or airspace, invasion or attack; or as part of a cyberspace attack in cyberwarfare; or a naval offensive to interrupt shipping lane traffic as a form of economic warfare.

Strategic defense is not always passive in nature. In fact, it often involves military deception, propaganda and psychological warfare, as well as pre-emptive strategies. All forms of military defense are included in the planning, and often civil defense organizations are also included.

Mission

SDF's missions :

  1. To address the state sovereignty related threats and create conditions to keep the territorial integrity.

  2. Ensure peaceful future for Panama Coalition.

  3. Ensure the new quality of economic, social and humanitarian development.

  4. It is responsible for coordinating the efforts and use of the means of the different components of the Defense Forces.

  5. National defense policy.

  6. To conduct space and missile defense operations and provide planning, integration, control and coordination of Defense Forces and capabilities in support of Strategic Command missions (strategic deterrence, integrated missile defense, and space operations).

Structure

The Strategic Defense Forces is structured in the following commands:

  1. Strategic Defense Command (STRADCOM)

    a. Strategic Joint Command

  2. Early Warning Command (EARWCOM)

  3. Air Missiles Interdiction Command (AMICOM)

  4. Nuclear Deterrence Command (NUDECOM)

  5. Internal Security Command (INSCOM)

Joint Chief of Staff Commander

Omar Torrijos Herrera III
General (Five Stars); Joint Chief of Staff Commander of the Armed Forces

Command and Control Centers (CCC)

Is the Joint Operations Centers (COC) that had the tasks of planning, organization, coordination, direction, control and supervision of military operations, all under a single command. The unified command is headed by The Joint Chief of Staff Commander, and the supreme commander of all the Armed Forces is the Supreme Federal President..

There are 4 Strategic Command and Control Centers (CCC):

1. Command and Control Center of Cerro Ancσn:
Located in Panama D.C. The Supreme Federal President and the Joint Chief of Staff Commander of the Armed Forces have immediate access in case of an emergency in the facility. The installation is under a hill and is an antinuclear bunker.

2. Operational Strategic Command Center of the Armed Forces:
Located in a secret location in the mountains of the Cordillera de Mιrida. It is able to resist nuclear explosions.

3. Security and Defense Strategic Command Center:
It is located in the Eastern Mountain Range, near Bogotα. It is also a secret anti-nuclear bunker.

4. Central Command Center:
It is located in the Central American Mountain range, in the Federal State of Guatemala. It is a secret facility located in a jungle mountainous area that is resistant to air and nuclear attacks.

Strategic Defense Command (STRADCOM)

Is responsible for strategic deterrence, global strike, and operating the Defense Global Information Grid. It also provides a host of capabilities to support the other combatant commands, including strategic warning; integrated missile defense; and global command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (C4ISR). This dynamic command gives national leadership a unified resource for greater understanding of specific threats around the world and the means to respond to those threats rapidly.

The Strategic Joint Command is formed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff of each of the branches of the Defense Forces.


B-1P Strategic Supersonic Bombers of the Panamanian Air Force (FAP)

Early Warning Command (EARWCOM)

Is an organization charged with the missions of aerospace warning, aerospace control and maritime warning for Panama Coalition. Aerospace warning includes the detection, validation, and warning of attack by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, through mutual support arrangements with other commands.

Its mission is to detect and warn the Defense Forces about any air, land or marine threat that threatens the territorial security of the Federal Republic. This mission is accomplished through early warning systems based on space satellites, long-range radar systems, navy ships with long-range radars and integrated radar systems of the different branches of the Defense Forces and civil organizations. and coordinate with allied nations the detection of any common threat.

The main early warning element is the Solid State Phased Array Radar System. The 4 structures of the Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) (phased array) radars, mounted on each face of a truncated tetrahedron, typically referred to as the "Pyramid" that it covers a full 360 degrees. It can track multiple aircraft, cruise missiles, ballistic missiles, observing satellites and orbital debris. The radar sites sits on top of mountains at an elevation of over 2 600 m. Due to its extremely elevated position the Piramide set has the unique ability to track surface ships. Detection and tracking data is believed to be shared with the Strategic Defense Force (SDF) in real time.


Four Instalations of AESA phased array radar mounted on each face of a truncated tetrahedron, with a tracking range of 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km; 3,500 mi)

Air Missiles Interdiction Command (AMICOM)

It is the Command in charge of the air defense of the Federal Republic. It protects the entire country against missiles, aircraft or intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) or other ballistic missiles. For this, it integrates all anti-aircraft systems, including its own missile defense system (S-300; S-400; S-500), Navy's anti-ballistic systems (SM-3), and Army, National Guard, Coast Guard and Marines anti-aircraft systems.

SDF AA systems:

• S-300 PMU2 (SA-20B “Gargoyle B") (range: 300 kms)
• S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler) (range: 400 kms)
• S-500 Prometey (Prometheus) (range: 600 kms)

Navy:

• Aster 30 block I (range: 120 kms)
• Aster 30 Block 1NT (wide area defence capable against 1500 km range ballistic missiles)
• RIM-161 Standard Missile 3 (SM-3) Block IB / Block IIA (range: 600 kms / 1.600 kms)
• RIM-174 Standard Extended Range Active Missile (ERAM), or Standard Missile 6 (SM-6) (range: 496 kms)
• AIM-120 AMRAAM (Range: +160 kms)

Air Force:

• SAMP/T Aster 30 Mamba (range: 120 kms)
• Oerlikon Skyshield MOOTW/C-RAM System (with NBS MANTIS SHORAD 35mm guns) (range: cannon 4 kms / missile 8 kms)
• AIM-120 AMRAAM (Range: +160 kms)
• JERNAS / Rapier FSC Air Defence System (range: +8 kms)
• FIM-92F Stinger Block II (range: 7,6 kms)

National Guard:

• FIM-92F Stinger Block II (range: 7,6 kms)
• Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) 20mm gun (range: 1-2 kms)

Army:

• FIM-92F Stinger Block II (range: 7,6 kms)
• Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) 20mm gun (range: 2-5 kms)
• Spyder SM/MR (Surface-to-air PYthon and DERby) air defense system (20-50 kms)
• AIM-120 AMRAAM (NSAMS; SLAMRAAM) (Range: +40 km)

Coast Guard:

• RIM-162 Evolved SeaSparrow Missile (ESSM) (range: +50 kms)
• JERNAS / Rapier FSC Air Defence System (range: +8 kms)
• FIM-92F Stinger Block II (range: 7,6 kms)

Marine Corps:

• MIM-23L/M Hawk (range: 45-50 kms)
• FIM-92F Stinger Block II (range: 7,6 kms)
• AIM-120 AMRAAM (Range: +40 km)

Nuclear Deterrence Command (NUDECOM)

Provides combat-ready forces to conduct strategic nuclear deterrence and global strike operations. For this mission it depends on free fall nuclear bombs and nuclear cruise missiles launched from land, air, sea or submarines.

Nuclear Cruise Missiles:

• Popeye Turbo SLCM (Supersonic Submarine Launched Cruise Missile): (200 kt) (Range: 1.500 kms)

• ASMP-A: (Supersonic Mach +3 Air Launched Cruise Missile) (100-300 kt) (Range: +500 kms)

• AGM-86B ALCM: (subsonic Mach 0,73 air-launched cruise missile) (5 - 150 kt) (Range: +2.400 kms)

• BGM-109G Block IV Gryphon: (subsonic Ground Launched Cruise Missile) (GLCM): (W84 0,2 - 150 kt) (Range: 2.500 kms)

• BGM-109A Block IV Tomahawk: (subsonic Sea-launched cruise missile)(W80 5 - 200 kT) (Range: 2.500 kms)

Bombs:

• B61-12 gravity bombs: (0,3 - 340 kt)

• B83 unguided bomb: (80 kt – 1,2 megatons)

Anti-Submarine Weapons:

• UUM-44 SUBROC: (W55 250 kt depth bomb) (Range: 55 km)

Balistic Missiles (ICBM):

• Classiffied.

Internal Security Command (INSCOM)

Command by the Supreme Federal President or the Federal Vice-president. Composed of the Director General of the National Police (PN); director of the National Aeronaval Service (SENAN); director of the National Border Service (SENAFRONT); director of the Institutional Protection Service (SPI); the Chief of National Guard Staff; the Chief Admiral of Panama Coalition Coast Guard (PCCG) Staff; the Director of National Civil Protection System (SINAPROC); the Chief of the Fire Department and the Minister of Public Security. Their functions are:

1. Coordinate internal public security efforts and integrate them into the National Defense Strategy.
2. Problems of public security and confidence-building in interstate relationships.
3. Arms proliferation and arms control in the national territory.
4. Policy advice to the higher levels of the internal security organization.
5. The Internal Security strategic implications of developments in the nation's geographic region.
6. Reviewing internal security agenda and formulating a new one if necessary.

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STRATEGIC DEFENSE FORCE AIR TO AIR MISSILE SYSTEMS
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S-300PMU-2 (SA-20B “Gargoyle B"): classified.

A battery of the S-300PMU-2 also includes the 30N6E2 X-band engagement radar, the 96L6E L-band acquisition radar, 8x (maximum of 12x are supported) 5P58TE/SE or 5T58-2 TELs (launchers) with missiles a 54K6E2 or 55K6E command post and a 22T6E2 missile loader. Also battalions uses one or two 64N6E2 S-band radars.

Armament: 4 x missiles Fakel 48N6E2 or 48N6E,5V55R, 5V55K in individual container in a TEL.
Warhead: High explosive ; fragmentation.
Target detection range: 300 kms
Guidance system: Command + active radar homing
Range: 3 - 200 kms.
Weight: 330–1,900 kg launch weight
Number of simultaneously guided anti-aircraft missiles by one unit: 72
Number of simultaneously engaged targets by one unit: 36

Is an Anti-Ballistic Missile system, while retaining the long range SAM capabilities. The system is fully automated, though manual observation and operation are also possible. Components may be near the central command post, or as distant as 40 km. Each radar provides target designation for the central command post. The command post compares the data received from the targeting radars up to 80 km apart, filtering false targets, a difficult task at such great distances. The central command post features both active and passive target detection modes.

S-400 Triumph (SA-21 Growler): classified.

The S-400 Triumph air defence system integrates a multifunction radar, autonomous detection and targeting systems, anti-aircraft missile systems, launchers, and command and control centre. A regular S-400 battalion consists of at least 8 x launchers with 32 missiles and a mobile command post. One system comprising up to 8 x battalions can control up to 72 launchers, with a maximum of 384 missiles.

Armament: 4 x missiles in individual container in a TEL.
Warhead: directed explosion warhead.
Target detection range: 600 kms which can track 100 targets.
Guidance system: Semi-active radar homing or active radar homing
Range: 2 - 400 kms.
Weight: 333 - 1,893 kg launch weight
Number of simultaneously guided anti-aircraft missiles by one unit: 160
Number of simultaneously engaged targets by one unit: 80

The S-400 Triumph air defense missile system is an upgrade of the S-300 family. The S-400 is intended to engage aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles. It is capable of detecting and engaging targets to a range of 400 km, depending on the missile variant used. It is capable of engaging stealth aircraft. The S-400 Triumph is designed to engage, ECM, radar-picket, director area, reconnaissance, strategic and tactical aircraft, tactical and theatre ballistic missiles, medium-range ballistic missiles and other current and future air attack assets at a maximum range of 400 km, and an altitude of up to 30 km.

Types of targets:

• Strategic bombers.
• Electronic warfare airplanes.
• Reconnaissance airplanes.
• Early-warning radar airplanes such as the E-3A and E-2C
• Fighter airplanes.
• Strategic cruise missiles.
• Ballistic missiles (range up to 3,500 km)

S-500 Prometey (Prometheus): classified.

The S-500 air defence system integrates a Battle Management Radar, Two battery command post, a acquisition radar, an multimode engagement radar, and Launch Vehicles. A regular S-500 battalion consists of at least 8 x launchers. One system comprising up to 8 x battalions can control up to 72 launchers.

Armament: 2 x missiles 77N6-N and 77N6-N1 in individual container in a TEL.
Warhead: inert warheads, which can destroy nuclear warheads by force of impact.

Target detection range: 2000 kms which can track 5-20 ballistic targets.
Guidance system: Command and active radar.
Range: 600 kms; altitude of 200 kilometers
Weight: classified.
Number of simultaneously guided anti-aircraft missiles by one unit: classified
Number of simultaneously engaged targets by one unit: 5-10 ballistic targets simultaneously

The S-500 Prometey (Prometheus), is a surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system. The S-500 is designed for intercepting intercontinental ballistic missiles and for air defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control and jamming aircraft.

Types of targets:

• Strategic bombers.
• Electronic warfare airplanes.
• Reconnaissance airplanes.
• Early-warning radar airplanes (AE&W)
• Fighter airplanes.
• Unmanned aerial vehicles
• Hypersonic cruise missiles
• Intercontinental ballistic missiles
• Low Earth orbit satellites, and space weapons launched from hypersonic aircraft, drones, and hypersonic orbital platforms.

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