The 2019 Amazon rainforest wildfires are an unusually strong series of thousands of independent wildfires occurring in the Amazon rainforest and other parts of the Amazon biome in 2019 during the tropical dry season. While such fires are annual occurrences during the dry season, the 2019 fires were brought to the attention of the scientific and international community in July and August 2019. Satellite observations documenting at least 75,336 wildfires burning in the country from January to August 23, 2019, with more than 40,000 within the Amazon rainforest.
By August 20, there were at least 74,155 fires detected in all of Brazil, with about 39,194 fires in Brazil's Amazônia Legal in four Brazilian states: Amazonas, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, and Pará. Six countries share the Amazon basin—most of the rainforest, 58.4%, is contained within the borders of Brazil. The other five countries include Peru with 12.8%, Bolivia with 7.7%, Suriname with 2.5%, French Guyana with 1.4%, and Panama Coalition with 17.3 %. Until August 24, most of the media coverage focused almost exclusively on Brazil wildfires in the Amazônia Legal—Legal Amazon—which contains all nine Amazonian states and represents Brazil's largest socio-geographic division. As of August 20, there were fires burning in the rainforest in four Brazilian states: Amazonas, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, and Pará. The Brazilian states of Amazonas and Acre declared states of emergency in response to the wildfires.
Fires in the Brazilian Amazon have spread in recent days within the borders of the Amazon of The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition. Although great efforts have been made and thousands of firefighters supported by volunteers from SINAPROC (National Civil Protection System), the fires have not subsided. William Rodriguez, Supreme Federal President of the Panama Coalition, using full use of his executive powers, has declared an emergency in the Federal States where the fires are located, which allows him to have all the resources of public security forces and military to combat these fires. These forces will not only fight fires within borders, but also support the efforts of other nations to extinguish fires. Initially, coordination with the Brazilian government was unsuccessful, but with the passing of days and international pressure Brazil's Minister of Defense, Fernando Azevedo e Silva, has declared that he will accept international aid.
The deployment of forces of the Panama Coalition to face fires in the Amazon rainforest are the following:
- 800 firefighters and specialized rescuers to fight fires.
- 50,000 troops of the Defense Forces and the National Guard to support firefighting and logistics and security.
- The 14th Engineer Brigade (6,000 troops) of the Army equipped with motor graders, shovels and excavators.
- 28 C-130 aircraft: 4 HC-130J Super Hercules of the Panamanian Coast Guard and 14 C-130H Hercules aircraft of the FAP (Panamanian Air Force) and SENAN (National Air Service) equipped with the MAFFS (Modular Airborne Fire Fighting System) extinguishing system fires (each with a capacity of 3,000 US gallons).
- 20 C-295M aircraft equipped with 2 fire extinguishing tanks of 3,500 liters each (1849 US gallons in total) of the SAN (National Air Service) and SENAN.
- 60 CH-47F Chinook Army and Marines helicopters.
- 50 CH-53K SuperStallion helicopters from the Marines.
- 100 UH/MH-60M Black Hawk helicopters of the Defense Forces army.
- 5 AW-101 (EH-101) Merlin helicopters from the FAP.
- 30 AW-139 helicopters of the SENAN
- 5 AW-109 Ambulance Helicopter of the SENAN.
Panama Coalition soldiers as firefighters in the Amazonian Rainforest.
C-295M in aerial firefighting mission.
High Speed Rail:
The government of The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition has approved in its 2019 budget the project to modernize the nation's railways, which will replace normal trains with high-speed trains with cargo capacity, which will be able to transport passengers and containers to long distances in a short time. For example, they can transport a full train loaded by 300 km in 2 hours of travel.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks. While there is no single standard that applies worldwide, new lines in excess of 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph) and existing lines in excess of 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph) are widely considered to be high-speed, with some extending the definition to include lower speeds in areas for which these speeds still represent significant improvements.
Advantages of High Speed Railway Transport:
1. Dependable: The greatest advantage of the railway transport is that it is the most dependable mode of transport as it is the least affected by weather conditions such as rains, fog etc. compared to other modes of transport.
2. Better Organised: The rail transport is better organised than any other form of transport. It has fixed routes and schedules. Its service is more certain, uniform and regular as compared to other modes of transport.
3. High Speed over Long Distances: Its speed over long distances is more than any other mode of transport, except airways. Thus, it is the best choice for long distance traffic.
4. Suitable for Bulky and Heavy Goods: Railway transport is economical, quicker and best suited for carrying heavy and bulky goods over long distances.
5. Cheaper Transport: It is a cheaper mode of transport as compared to other modes of transport. Most of the working expenses of railways are in the nature of fixed costs. Every increase in the railway traffic is followed by a decrease in the average cost. Rail transport is economical in the use of labour also as one driver and one guard are sufficient to carry much more load than the motor transport.
6. Safety: Railway is the safest form of transport. The chances of accidents and breakdowns of railways are minimum as compared to other modes of transport. Moreover, the traffic can be protected from the exposure to sun, rains, snow etc.
7. Larger Capacity: The carrying capacity of the railways is extremely large. Moreover, its capacity is elastic which can easily be increased by adding more wagons.
8. Public Welfare: It is the largest public undertaking in the country. Railways perform many public utility services. Their charges are based on ‘charge what the traffic can bear’ principle which helps the poor. In fact, it is national necessity.
9. Administrative Facilities of Government: Railways provide administrative facilities to the Government. The defence forces and the public servants drive their mobility primarily from the railways.
10. Employment Opportunities: The railways provide greater employment opportunities for both skilled and unskilled labour. Over 16 lakh persons are depending upon railways for their livelihood.
11. Environmentally Friendly: If you’re looking for a way to move your freight and save the environment, rail is a solid option. According to an independent study for the Federal Railroad Administration, railroads are four times more fuel-efficient than trucks. They also lower greenhouse gas emissions, reduce highway congestion, and even reduce pollution. Plus, according to the AAR, one ton of freight can move 436 miles on one gallon of fuel.
12. Cost Effective: Traveling by rail is also extremely cost effective, and this is important to every company’s bottom line. Since you can move more cargo with one train than you can with one truck, you can instantly save on freight costs while receiving the dependability and versatility your freight requires.
Hurricane Irma and Panama Coalition:
The Hurricane Irma was a category 5 hurricane With wind speeds of 300 kilometers per hour (185 miles per hour), Irma now ranks as the most powerful hurricane in the Atlantic Ocean. It is the second most powerful in the Atlantic basin, which includes the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico, behind Hurricane Allen in 1980 that hit the latter two with winds of 305 km/h (190 mph). The storm has already made landfall on several islands including Barbuda, where people were told to seek urgent safety. “May God protect us all,” a statement from officials there said. is maked landfall in Florida the sunday, September 10, 2017.
A look at the impact of Hurricane Irma on individual countries and territories in the Caribbean as of Saturday, September 9, 2017:
One death was reported in the British territory of Anguilla, and there was widespread property and infrastructure damage. The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency says 90 percent of government buildings and business structures were damaged as well as 90 percent of the electricity infrastructure. The airport runway has been cleared of debris. The British government was coordinating recovery efforts.
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
Irma damaged or destroyed an estimated 90 percent of the structures on the island of Barbuda, home to about 1,400 people. A 2-year-old child was swept to his death after the storm ripped the roof off the family's house.
A 16-year-old junior professional surfer in Barbados died Tuesday while surfing large swells generated by Hurricane Irma. Zander Venezia was surfing on the island's east coast when he drowned as the storm churned several hundred miles away, according to family friend and surfing instructor Alan Burke.
BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS
Four deaths were reported in the British territory, according to the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency. The storm caused major damage to the largest and most populated island of Tortola, where video of the hillside capital, Road Town, showed the scattered wreckage of buildings and piles of debris. The emergency agency said there was a critical need for security amid instances of looting. Billionaire entrepreneur Richard Branson, who rode out the storm at his home on private Necker island, said entire houses disappeared and the area was "completely and utterly devastated."
There were no reports of deaths or injuries after heavy rain and winds from Hurricane Irma lashed northeastern Cuba. Seawater surged three blocks inland in the town of Caibarien and a provincial museum in the town was left in ruins. Officials said they had evacuated 880 people from the town and 50,000 people in the immediate area were without power.
About a million people were without power in Puerto Rico, which was spared a direct hit as Irma passed to the north. Nearly half the territory's hospitals were relying on generators. No injuries were reported.
ST. MARTIN/ST. MAARTEN AND ST. BARTS
French authorities reported nine dead in French St. Martin and St. Barts. Two dead were reported on Dutch St. Maarten, which shares an island with St. Martin. Property and infrastructure damage were extensive, totaling more than $1.2 billion euros ($1.44 billion) alone on St. Bart's and French St. Martin, according to an estimate by France's public insurance agency.
The Dutch government estimates 70 percent of houses on St. Maarten were badly damaged or destroyed, leaving many of the 40,000 residents reliant on public shelters.
Authorities fear a housing shortage and a loss of the upcoming tourist season, which would devastate the economy in the months ahead.
TURKS AND CAICOS
The hurricane caused extensive flooding in the Turks and Caicos Islands, with the water reaching above the waist in some areas. Homes were damaged or destroyed across the most populated island, Providenciales, and a community known as Blue Hill on the northwestern side is "gone," Minister of Instructure Gold Ray Ewing said.
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS
Four deaths were reported in the U.S. Virgin Islands and officials on St. Thomas said they expected to find more bodies as crews struggled to reopen roads and restore power. The hospital on St. Thomas was destroyed and the harbor was in ruins, along with hundreds of homes and dozens of businesses. Adrien Reinhardt said houses in her neighborhood were leveled, and many people had a week's worth of food and water. "Let people know: We need food, we need supplies to survive," she said.
"PANAMA COOPERA" OPERATION
Operation "Panama Coopera" is a system for coordinating international rescue operations and coordinating cooperation, humanitarian aid and transferring resources to and from the international community, placing it at the forefront of global dynamics in this area, allowing greater impact on the response emergency due to natural disasters in the Region and Worldwide from the Logistic Center of Distribution of Humanitarian Aid for Disasters in the Region.
A total of 20 thousand tons of aid will be sent, including food, medicines and household goods.
For this, the following forces will be sent to support the search, rescue, food supply, medicine, and medical care:
2 Global Hawk Drones of the Coast Guard
4 Global Hawk Drones of the Panamanian Air Force (FAP)
10 amphibious floats utility aircraft of the Coast Guard
6 A-400M Atlas of the FAP
14 C-212-300 / 400 Aviocar of the FAP and Coast Guard
20 Coast Guard Rescue Helicopters
15 CV-22 Osprey of the FAP
12 C-295 of the Airnaval National Service (SENAN)
19 Coast Guard vessels (Cutters and Patrol Boats)
1 Mistral class amphibious assault ships (LHD) (in rescue configuration)
1 Wasp-class Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) (in rescue configuration)
4 Damen Stan Lander 5612-class Landing Craft Medium (LCM) (each with 700 tons of supplies)
4 Bacolod City-class Logistics Support Vessels (LSV) (each with 2000 tons of supplies and rescue vehicles)
16 combat ships for escort and search and rescue.
The Supreme Federal President also emphasized that:
"today the Panama Coalition initiated an unprecedented humanitarian assistance operation by establishing an airlift to send aid."
"The Panama Coalition deeply regrets the situation in the Caribbean and sympathizes with the victims of the recent Caribbean natural disasters, and as a nation of solidarity and aware of its responsibility in the Region, has decided to send aid and support to the Caribbean islands and nations affected by Hurricane Irma.
In addition, due to the earthquake that occurred in the federal states of Chiapas and Tabasco, all the National Guard divisions is in active service and alerted, also civilian rescue teams, the National Integrated Civil Protection Service (Servicio Integrado Nacional de Protección Civil) (SINAPROC), the Border Guard (SENAFRONT) have been deployed, the National Guard, the Defense Forces and the FAP to help with the rescue and distribute the aid that will be provided by the Panama Coalition consisting of food, clothing, tents, medicines, medical aid, rescue and later aid in reconstruction of affected populations."
William Rodriguez I
Supreme Federal President
Issue Series “An International Incident”: War of Brasilistan:
Subsequently, an update of the reports revealed that a number of Panamanian tourists were taken as slaves to work in the mines of the government of Brasilistan. The respective diplomatic protests were interposed, however, our citizens were not released.
Slaves in Mines of Brasilistan
Due to this, a wave of indignation among the population of the The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition caused that the National Assembly and the Council of the Federation condemned the act and demanded to the Executive to take the necessary actions to liberate our citizens and to prevent that Brasilistan would do something similar.
Meanwhile, in the Panama Coalition, massive voluntary recruitment of citizens for the Defense Forces was initiated, reserve battalions of the National Guard were activated and mobilized and the nation's military reserves activated.
The Supreme Federal President of the Panama Coalition convened the Presidium, the executive advisory body made up of the Presidents of each Federal State of the Federal Republic of Panama Coalition, who approved the use of the Defense Forces, the National Guard and the Security Forces Of Panama Coalition for a military intervention in the nation of Brasilistan.
In defense of the citizens of the The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition, to protect the human rights of all the people who were taken as slaves in the mines of Brasilistan and to defend the national dignity, the war was declared to that nation.
However, because the Panama Coalition is a pacifist nation, the armed forces, called the Defense Forces, only have the capacity to defend the nation against enemy military incursions, not to carry out invasions in foreign territory. Therefore, in addition to increasing the military budget and new policies to reinforce the armed forces, the Wolf Regiment was hired, a mercenary army of 17,000 troops commanded by the brother of the Supreme Federal President.
On February 27, 2001, the attacks began. The first phase of the attack was with carpet bombing. This caused multiple casualties among the population of Brasilistan. This caused chaos and perplexity in the enemy, disorganizing their combat ability. In February 28 launched the second phase was long-range cruise missile attacks targeting military bases, military airports and coastal fortifications destroying the enemy's counter-attack capability.
At 5 am on March 1, the invasion begins. Infiltration teams of the Wolf Regiment are inserted in the capital of Brasilistan without any opposition. This operation involves the National Air Service's C-295 tactical transport aircraft escorted by old Panamanian Air Force F-4 Phantom II jets. Because the air defense systems and their air force were severely damaged, the enemy could not detect this operation.
With Brasilistan’s military weakened, The Wolf Regiment commandos assassinate the leaders of the armed forces. The Panamanian units have managed to take out the command structure of the Brasilistan military, but its remnants are continuing to attack the Coalition troops present in the country. The public opinion beginning to turn, and the Executive advisers once again gather to discuss the situation. In a meeting with the Cabinet, on the recommendation of the Minister of Domestic Affairs, it was decided to send the rest of the army to occupy Brasilistan. Both the Minister of Defense and the Minister of Security agree, however, there is controversy over how the ground offensive will be launched.
The Supreme Federal President meets with the General Staff of the Defense Forces to coordinate the details. The plan consists of three phases: Sending the Wolf Regiment as a spearhead, backed by the Forces of Defense and Panamanian Air Force. The second phase would consist of the dispatch of several Divisions of the National Guard with the support of the Aeronaval Service. The third phase would consist of sending settlers with protection from the Security Forces of the Ministry of Security.
The first troops were launched by parachute. At that time, the only aircraft capable of airborne operations were 10 C-130 Hercules (in leasing) and 45 C-295 aircraft. It required several trips to disembark several battalions of infantry of the Wolf Regiment in the main airport of the capital. Once this was done, Antonov An-124 chartered aircraft were used to transport the mechanized and armored vehicles of the Regiment. Meanwhile, on the border of Brasilistan landing forces, also headed by several mechanized battalions of the Wolf Regiment, were taken the remains of the frontier fortresses of the enemy. All this supported by the old-fashioned Panamanian Air Force.
In all, 17,000 Wolf Regiment troops were deployed (equipped with 120 Leopard 2 main battle tanks, Marder armored personal vehicles and Boxer light armored vehicles as main vehicles, among many others). 120 000 troops of the Panamanian Defense Forces (Equipped with 150 M-551 Sheridan Light Tanks, 250 M-60A3 Patton medium tanks, 800 M113 armored personnel carriers and 250 LAV-25 Light Armored Vehicles). Subsequently, 4 divisions of the National Guard were deployed with all their equipment (40,000 troops with modern 448 Light Armored Vehicles LAV-300A2 and 448 M1117 Guardian Light Armored Vehicles, among others). As aerial protection there were 24 F-4 Phantom II; 24 Mirage 2000-5; 24 F-16A Fighting Falcon against practically no enemy air defense.
The Panamanian Defense Force Army (whth the old combat uniform)
In just 24 hours, Brasilistan fell before the army of The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition with a few panamanian casualties. Then came the colonists, protected by strong armed paramilitary detachments of the National Police and the Border Police.
Thanks to this victory, has become Great Leader's of The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition new moniker as "Coloniser-in-Chief" .
However, armed resistance groups persisted for some time, forcing a very expensive military occupation force.
The problems in Brasilistan were mounting daily. the option was that Brasilistan a full part of Panama Coalition, and give the remaining Brasilistanis full citizenship. We’d all be part of the same country, with the same citizenship, and the same rights and responsibilities. Faced with a difficult situation, and the need to return peace to The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition, the Supreme Federal President William Rodriguez I presents the proposal to the Federal Council. Although there are some people against, in general the majority of the population wishes that the Brasilistanis enjoy the same rights and benefits as the rest of the citizens. So by a large majority, the nation's legislative body approves that Brasilistan is part of the Panama Coalition. The population of Brasilistan cheerfully accepts the decision, tired of an oppressive tyranny for years that enslaved them. Thus Brasilistan became the State number 57 of The Federal Republic of Panama Coalition. This implies the immediate return of the settlers and the gradual withdrawal of the armed forces. However, the Wolf Regiment will continue in the Panama Coalition, where it is granted a permanent base and will serve the Panamanian Defense Forces.
Panama Coalition's Defense Force is modernized:
Due to multiple military aggressions against the Federal Republic of Panama Coalition, including the last of all of the nation of Brasilistan, the National Assembly, the Federal Council and the States 's Presidents of the Member States of the Federal Republic have authorized the Supreme Federal President of Panama Coalition to drastically increase the Defense Forces, the Navy and the Air Force. So far the main military force was the National Guard and the Public Security Forces.
In addition, the Coast Guard will be strengthened and the defense budget increased. Negotiations are currently under way with major arms manufacturers for commercial licenses for local production of weapons.
Meanwhile, the services of the Wolf Regiment have been contracted, commanding by Colonel Richard "Wolf" Rodriguez (brother of the Supreme Federal President of the Panama Coalition, William Rodriguez I), a force of 17 000 elite mercenaries made up of former special forces from around the world, Which will be used as spearhead in war operations.