Riærüne Republic fü Oskenia
Motto: pro nobis forti et pulcherrima Oskenia!
"Rafo nustro mödio y belvakier Oskenia!" (Oskenian)
"For our brave and beautiful Oskenia!" (English)
Anthem: Terra me at Düalco fü Palcra (My Land Both Sweet and Fair)
▲ 18,286,100 (est. 2020)
▼ +1.1% (2020)
▲ 82.93 Years (2020)
Oskenian Argæld (₳/ARG)
▲ $1.538T USD
GDP per capita
▲ $35,195 USD
▲ 0.921 - Very High
▼ 34.1 - Medium
Unitary Parliamentary Republic
OVERVIEW⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
Oskenia, formally the Republic of Oskenia is a sovereign archipelago nation off the coast of the European mainland, south of France and Italy, situated in the Mediterranean sea, and bordering by land the countries of Italy, Algeria, and Lybia. Oskenia includes seven major Mediterranean islands, nine territories spread across the Mediterranean, and a largely temperate seasonal climate. It has a population of roughly 18 million and it is the largest nation located solely in the Mediterranean Sea. The capital city, Ypaæpilisa, is located on the island of Corsica. Oskenia is a signatory to the Geneva Convention, member of NATO and the UN, and adheres to the Paris Climate Agreement. Globally, it is seen as a benevolent first world power, notable for its expansive military transport networks that allow Oskenia to provide foreign aid and humanitarian supplies to countries across the globe.
The majority of Oskenia's territory is coastal, which allows for isolation and an invitation to tourism. Inter-island ferry and light-air service is one of the most popular domestic travel means, including the famous Tunnela bi Corsnia, a rail-tunnel connecting the islands of Corsica and Sardinia for a fast and safe travel experience. The trip typically takes an hour and a half from departure to arrival.
Oskenia's main sources of income are tourism and fine culinary products. It is the founding home to the world-renowned mulled alcohol drink known as Spjöd, a fermented mix of various spices and berries native to the islands of Corsica and Sardinia. Oskenia's sweeping beaches with crystal-clear water, tall and inviting mountains, and picturesque cities make it one of Europe's top ten tourism destinations, ranking below France but above Greece. Popular destinations include the capital Ypaæpilisa, the Lögmadura's home in Sardinia, and the Sjöberg Family Crypt.
Governed as a unique unitary parliamentary republic, Oskenia is often compared to an elected monarchy. Lögmadura Paul Schaefer is the current head of state, and Louis Bisset is the Prime Minister. Since its modern establishment in 1772, Oskenia has generally maintained a moderately free political climate locally, but national elections are held behind the closed doors of the National Senate. Before 1911, the Oskenian government functioned heavily as an authoritarian republic before Lukas Sjöberg's assumption to Lögmadura. The legislature is unicameralist.
Oskenia is often described as the "Melting Pot" of Europe, akin to the United States with its wide range of cultures and ethnicities. Oskenia additionally ranks high internationally in economic freedom, education, human rights, human development, and safety. Oskenia is also known for progressivism, including the eradication of the death penalty, no use of life prison sentences, universal health and welfare, fundamental LGTBQ+ rights, and overall non-bias towards all. Oskenia is additionally known for its free and expansive public services and transportation.
HISTORY⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀
The first recorded permanent settlements in Oskenia date to the late tenth century, when Nordic journeymen who made frequent trips to the Mediterranean established a small coastal settlement on the northern tip of Corsica. It was dubbed Varmland, roughly translated to "Warmland." The inviting bays and wide, sweeping beaches helped to draw further exploration, which saw a handful of other communities pop up across the coastline. These were ultimately consolidated into a unified society during the mid-1200s.
Kingdom of Varmland
Kingdom of Varmland
Following the gradual adoption of various Christian traditions due to Italian missionaries during the 13th century, and with the various communities across Corsica beginning to invade each-other's personal territory and space, self-proclaimed King Harald Magnusson, the authority figure for the Magnusson clan in the northern region of Corsica, which had absorbed various smaller communities through conquest and authority, set about on a mission to unify and conquer the entire island. After mustering a small force of a few thousand men, he led them on a series of conquests across Corsica, including a decisive battle near Karlastaoir, where he found himself in control of the entire island. Following these victories, the Kingdom of Varmland was established in 1262. It was during this time that he also invaded the island of Sardinia and added it to his realm in 1278. From this point until the late 18th century, Varmland remained a pacifist and sovereign society.
In March 1793, the British Mediterranean fleet led by Admiral Horatio Nelson, acting upon orders given by the English crown, began a siege of Varmland's capital city Karlastaoir, intending to eventually wear the defenders down to the point where the city could be taken by Marines and the country could be added to England's expansive colonial empire. As an island nation in the Mediterranean, it was a vital trade route and provided a warm-water port with which to stage ships and resources for African campaigns.
Defense of the island was fierce, and although Varmland had no formal navy, it resorted to using converted fishing schooners and sloops to establish a naval line of defense. Militias were formed inland, preparing for the inevitable landing of British troops. When the British did finally bring reinforcements and land on the northern coast, they were met with brutal resistance from Varmland's defense militia, which had been hastily organized as an official Government army. The British entrance into Corsica marked the beginning of the Corsican Wars, a series of skirmishes and battles lasting half a decade.
General Øivind Aros, a wealthy aristocrat whose family emigrated from Norway to Varmland in 1650, was given command of the new volunteer army, where he began to shape it into a modern fighting force. By the end of 1793, the army had won three skirmishes with the British, including a decisive battle for the city of Kiojafell, which both surprised the British and the world. Historians believe that if it had not been for his influence and command, Varmland would have fallen into British hands after only months of fighting.
In 1798, with the conflict in Varmland not swinging in Britain's favor, and with Italy and Spain both pledging support to the islands if the English crown did not withdraw from the fighting by 1800, the Royal Navy left the Mediterranean by New Year's day, 1799.
Collapse of Crown Integrity
Collapse of Crown Integrity
Following his victory over the British, the citizenry revered Øivind as a fierce and noble patriot, gentleman, and war hero. He realized that the current state of Government was inherently problematic, and that its current monarchical system repeated a never-ending cycle of corruption and favoritism. Following the (then) monarch King Eirik Reitan's claim that the victory over the British was his full doing, and Øivind's subsequent demotion from General to Colonel in 1801, he concluded that the crown must ultimately be deposed.
With a fervorous and inspired people behind him, Øivind began campaigning for Governmental reforms in 1802, spreading his ideals for a new and free society, one inspired by the fledging United States of America. His speeches and writings grew attention both nationally and abroad, with his open letter to the Varmlandian Crown Om autonomia og frita, (on autonomy and freedom) wildly distributed throughout Varmland, southern parts of Italy, and most of the United States. Arrested on charges of treason in January 1804, Øivind was sentenced to death and executed by beheading on October 13 of the same year.
Revolt and Revolution
Revolt and Revolution
Following Øivind's arrest and subsequent execution, his most radical followers began to mobilize an underground resistance with the ultimate aim of overthrowing the Varmlandian crown and the establishment of a free and constitutional society as outlined in Øivind's Manüao fü a Società Saliberün. (Manual to a Free Society) The major party in this cultural revolution was the Fronte du Oaesktonær Asania, (Citizen Free Front) which began to carry out small attacks against Government officials and nobles starting in 1806. The subsequent government crackdown destabilized the economy and led to brutal city fights and riots with protestors and soldiers. In 1808, the Citizen Free Front protest became a violent assault on the parliament building following a brutal massacre in the square by royalist guards. The building was occupied, royalists were executed, and what followed was a three-day standoff that eventually ended in the killings of all involved CFF members.
Independence of Oskenia Proper
Independence of Oskenia Proper
• General Geography
Most of Oskenia is made up of mountainous terrain overlooking bodies of water, but rolling hills are visible most prominently in Sicily. The island of Sicily is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with Sardinia closely following behind. The Sicilian mountain of Etna is the third tallest European mountain by prominence, coming in at 3,326 m, and is also an active volcano in a constant state of activity. Other mountains include Monte Cinto on Corsica, (2,706m) and Punta La Marmora (1,834m) on Sardinia.
Oskenia has an estimated 6,441km of coastline, which are are typically long and sweeping stretches of soft sand accompanied by rocky outcrops and numerous inlets and wide bays. In Provinces such as Sicily, the coastline usually follows a more gradual geography.
Being a prominent island-nation, Oskenia is very much a water-abundant country. Much of the immediate coastline bordering each island is protected ocean, preventing overfishing and tourism abuse. Rivers are abundant and provide a large amount of inland fertilization. On the islands, the rivers are typically situated in narrow valleys surrounded by steep, rocky mountains. Many minor waterfalls dot the landscape, while the water-flow often creates large basins that are accessible by tourists or swimmers.
Nearly all of Oskenia's coastal territory falls within the Köppen hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa) classification, while inland and mountainous areas see a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb). At its highest peaks, the mountains of Oskenia can reach temperatures low enough to classify as the subarctic (Dsc, Dfc) or cold-summer mediterranean (Csc) climates. Since each island is situated fairly far apart from the other in the Mediterranean, averages are hard to calculate, although Corsica, Sicily, Malta and Sardinia typically see averages of 16.41 °C to 23 °C. Humidity is anywhere from 70% to 75% year-round.