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The North German Military

The North German Federal Defense Force
The North German Federal Defense Force
Norddeutsches Bundeswehr


Active

1867 - Present

Country

North German Realm

Branches

Bundesheer
Bundeskriegsmarine

Role

Protecting North German Citizens, Subjects, and interests.



Military Age

16 years old

Conscription

5 years

Full Personnel

500,000 (1867)
2,700,000 (1908)

Colors

Black, White, and Red

Engagements

The Samoan Civil War (1886 – 1894)
The Abushiri Revolt (1888 – 89)
The Danish-Swedish War (1894 - 1895)
The Second Samoan Civil War (1898 - 1899)
The Second Boer War (1899 - 1900)
The Boxer Rebellion (1899 - 1901)
The Pacification of Kamerun (1902)
The Herero War (1904 - 1907)
The Maji Maji Rebellion (1905 - 1907)
The Spanish-American War (1907-1908)


Commanders

Emperor

Wilhelm (1867-1888)
Friedrich (1888 - Present)

Supreme Military Commander

Chief of General Staff

Moltke the Elder (1867 - 1888)
Alfred von Waldersee (1888 - 1891)
Alfred von Schlieffen (1891 - present)

The North German Federal Defense Force (Norddeutsches Bundeswehr) is the unified Armed forces of the North German Realm tasked to defend the North German State, its citizens, subjects, and military or economic interests. It pledges allegiance to the North German Nation, North German Emperor, and the people of the North Germany. In peacetime, the States of Saxony, Hanover, Hesse, Mecklenburg, and all Colonial States maintain their own armies and navies. The Bundeswehr is recognized as a modern and innovative military, one of the three most powerful armed forces in the world. It is known for its meritocratic military structure, unique war tactics, modern weapons, and the influence it has on the North German State and Culture as a whole. The Bundeswehr has Expeditionary Forces across the world in military bases located in the territory of its allies (The largest of these is the South African Expeditionary Force, located in the Federation of South Africa), while it maintains ties with the militaries of countries within its Sphere of Influence throughout the world and has trained and supplied them such as the Royal Dutch Armed Forces, The Catalonian Armed Forces, The Imperial Bulgarian Armed Forces, The Danish Armed Forces, And the South African Defense Force.

As of 1908, the Bundeswehr employs 2,700,000 soldiers in its ranks (2,300,000 in Army and 400,000 in Navy), which places it among the 10 largest armies in the world and making it the second largest in Europe behind Britain in terms of active personnel. The full personnel number of the North German Federal Army is in 2.5 million people, five times the total number at its conception.

Formation and Name



Upon its conception, the German Confederation's military was made of the contributed armies of the states that made it up. Each state was responsible for maintaining certain units to be put at the disposal of the Confederation in case of conflict. When operating together, the units were known as the Federal Army (Bundesheer). This system functioned during several conflicts of the 19th Ceuntury such as the First Schleswig War (1848-50). By the time the second Schleswig War (1864) had come around, tensions had grown between Austria, Prussia, and their allies. The Bundesheer and Bundesmarine were both dissolved alongside the German Confederation in 1866, at the beginning of the Brothers' War.

When Prussia formed the North German Confederation, the treaty of the Confederation provided for the maintenance of a Federal Army and Navy (Bundesmarine, but Bundeskriegmarine was also popular). When the North German Confederation united into a State, the Federal Army and Navy were declared to be permanent, as opposed to 'formed during conflict' as the previous treaties had established. The Federal Defense Force (Bundeswehr), also called Realm's Defense Force unofficially (Reichswehr) was created. Contingents of the Kingdoms of Saxony, Hanover, Hesse, and Mecklenburg remained semi-autonomous, while the Prussian Military assumed complete control over the rest of the states of the Confederation. These Contingents (17 Divisions from Hanover, 10 Divisions from Saxony, 9 Divisions from Hesse, and 4 from Mecklenburg) were only put under Federal Leadership during time of war, while the defense of other North German States fell under Prussia or Hanover.

After 1867, the peacetime armies of the five kingdoms remained relatively distinct. The "North German Army" was used in various legal documents such as the Military Penal Code, but otherwise the Prussian, Hanoverian, Saxon, Mecklenburgian, and Hessian militaries maintained distinct identities. Each Kingdom had its own War Ministry, and Hanover and Saxony published their own rank and seniority list.

Upon annexation of North German Colonies, these small states would also form local militaries (Schutztruppe). The Largest of these belonged to the sole Dominion of the Realm, Mittelafrika had 102,350 men at its peak (4 divisions, 4 Battalions, 2 companies, and a platoon).

History


The Federal Defense Force officially came into existence in 16 April 1867, at the same time the North German Confederation Unified into a State. Upon conception, the Federal Army was 500,000 men strong, with the country's reserves demobilized in order not to intimidate North Germany's Neighbors into an invasion. Even so, it was the sixth largest military in Europe (after South Germany, France, Britain, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire). For the duration of North Germany's pre-colonial history (the first nine years of its history), it began underwent full reorganization, drafted 7 different offensive and defensive plans in case of war with its immediate enemy in South Germany, and worked on bolstering its navy (Bundeskriegsmarine) in order to establish better communications with its oversees territories in Ghana and The Caribbeans. Upon discovery of the Congo Basin and -more importantly- Gold in the region, the North German Military was forced to increase its personnel. The Navy required permanent presence in the settlements chartered by the Bundesrat.

The Danish-Swedish War


Danish General leading a charge

While the Bundeswehr took part in a number of wars, campaigns, and military operations, its first real test came in form of the Danish-Swedish war. In 1895, the Kingdom of Denmark, at the behest of the Wustenberg Government, declared war on the Kingdom of Sweden-Norway. A Danish Army 80,000 men strong marched across the Danish Isles and into Mainland Scandinavia, only to be utterly humiliated by a smaller 52,500 men strong Swedish-Norwegian army in Lund. Baffled at this loss, North Germany redeployed a single Prussian Division drafted from the Schleswig Province along with the second Baltic Flottille (2. Ostsee Flottille) to join the war.

The North German Expeditionary Force proved successful. Overtaking command from the Danish Field Marshal in Malmö, a Prussian Major General named Heinrich Schlesinger led the Danish and North German armies against Sweden again. Chasing the Swedes to Lund, and from there defeating them five consecutive times in Sjöbo, Hässleholm, Kristianstad, Karlshamm, and finally Kalmar, intimidated the -now 125,000 men strong- Swedish Army to sue for peace in 1895.

At the same time, the German Navy performed multiple raids and bombardments on Swedish Coasts, even attacking the Swedish Capital in Stockholm. The Swedish Army, intimidated and not willing to face the full brunt of North German military, sued for peace. Denmark, at consultation of Schlesinger, demanded Scania, Halland, and Småland. The Danish King had wished to take back Bohuslän too, but the North German military feared this may be considered unacceptable. Sweden, though reluctantly, agreed to the annexation in early 1895, an event that would eventually drive a wedge between the Swedes and Norwegians while bringing Denmark officially into North Germany's Sphere of Influence.

The Expeditionary Force was deployed to Danish Scandinavia as a permanent garrison, in charge of pacifying the territory until its annexation could be completed. In the next ten years, Schlesinger would become North Germany's military liaison to Denmark.

The Second Boer War


Boer Commandos in trenches

North Germany had held good relations with the Boer people of the South African Republic, Natal, and Orange Free State. Moreso than the government, the North German settlers in Southwest Africa were close to their Boer cousins, as both shared a dislike for the British who had settled in The Cape Colony, Bechuanaland, and Southern Rhodesia. Even during the First Boer War (1880-1881), about 1,000 North Germans and 500 natives would cross the border and volunteer against British rule in Transvaal. While this had originally been against the wishes of the Bismarck Government, the Wustenberg and later Wastrecht-Orenblau governments were more supportive of the Boer Republics.

When the negotiations of 1899 failed and when Transvaal's Kruger declared war, The Wastrecht-Orenblau government gave full leeway to the local Schutztruppe to 'do as you will', promising to look away at the sight of desertion. While the Boer military only held about 70,000 soldiers -including 10,000 foreign volunteers- against a significantly larger 200,000 local British Soldiers, more than 12,000 North Germans (and 5,000 Natives) joined the war on the Boers' side. This hastened the conflict, but also made the British treat the North German settlers in their African Colonies even harsher, which resulted in more North Germans (both from the Colonies and from the local settlers in British Colonies) joining the affair. Officially, The North German Realm denied any support of these actions and attempted to act as arbiter between the Boers and the British Empire. In reality, North Germany already had their declaration in support of the Boers in the event of a victory ready.

By 1900, of the hundred thousand soldiers in the side of the Boers, 46,000 were North Germans. These 100,000 would fight a British Army six times their size, and would eventually achieve victory. With the occupation of Cape Town, Port Elizabeth, and East London by North German dominated Boer Militia and with the British Empire cut off from its supplies in the area, the British Empire accepted the Boer armistice. A heavily outrageous Peace Treaty was signed between the Boers and the British Empire, with the British Empire 'selling' the Cape Colony, the Rhodesia Colony, and the Bechuanaland protectorate to the Boers for a hefty price in exchange for a transference of Prisoners of War and a pledge that the Boers wouldn't mistreat their new British citizens. Upon the declaration of the new South African Republic in 1900 (at that point, named "Orange Free State", though many in Cape, Transvaal, and Rhodesia protested that name), North Germany was one of the first to recognize its existence, and by 1903, it was fully in their Sphere of Influence. The Schutztruppe that returned to Mittelafrika were immediately informed that they were being redeployed to where they came from as the new Expeditionary Force in South Africa.

Colonial Pacification

The North German Colonial Empire suffered a number of 3 widespread rebellions between 1902 and 1907. Primarily in protest of the lack of rights for any of the Native "subjects" as well as the mistreatment of their people by the White Settlers, various indigenous tribes and peoples rose in rebellion in Kamerun, Togoland, Eastern and Southwestern Mittelafrika. These rebellions were each crushed by heavy-handed North German campaigns, which spanned from collective but light punishment in Kamerun (1902) to what can only be classified as Attempted Genocide against the Herero people (1904-1907). By 1907, these protests had mostly died down as all the Wastrecht-Orenblau government proceeded to give full rights to every native subject, even Class III natives, as well as punishing the actions of General Trotha in Southwest Mittelafrika. A total number of 25,000 Schutztruppe and 15,000 Continental (Prussian and Hanoverian) troops took part in these rebellions, of which more than 5,000 (one out of every eight) would perish either in combat or to disease.

The Spanish-American War


German Marines cheering after the battle of San Juan

North Germany had a small part in the short and decisive Caribbean War for Independence. When Cuba (and later Santo Dominico) declared independence, it became obvious that The United States -and its satellite states in Colombia and Central America- were going to intervene in favor of Cuba. Perfectly aware that the weakened and decedent Spanish Empire wouldn't succeed against the full might of the United States, North Germany decided to take advantage of the situation. On 13 March 1908 and at the final months of the Cuban War for Independence, North Germany moved in to occupy the Captaincy-General of Puerto Rico upon the invasion of Venezuela by the Republic of Colombia. While originally claiming this to be a 'friendly occupation', this did not stop the 10,000 Spanish Soldiers and their 125 Artillery pieces from defending their Island against North Germans. The Third Caribbean Squadron (3. Karibik Geschwader) and seven Marine regiments (The Federal Navy) performed naval action against Spanish officers between 13 and 25 March, eventually defeating the enemy in Puerto Rico and commencing full occupation. While North Germany did not participate in the war any longer, it refused to allow Spanish vessels to make port in the occupied island, and in the Peace Conference two months later, North Germany demanded Puerto Rico, which was renamed Wohlstandshaven in 1907 and incorporated it as part of its North German West Indies colony.

TBA

Army Structure


The North German Emperor is reserved the constitutional privilege to the full control of the Armed Forces, but a highly complex organizational structure is used. The Basic peacetime Organizational structure of the Federal Army is the Army Inspectorate (Armee-Inspektion), the Army corps (Armeekorps), the division and the regiment. During wartime, the staff of the Army Inspectorates form Field Army Commands which control the corps and subordinate units. Theoretically, there can be a higher command level, The Army Group (Heeresgruppe). An Army Group controls several Field Armies and is assigned to Theaters of War.

Army Group


Once in a war, the General Staff has the right to inspect situation, and if they reach the decision for it, apply to the North German Emperor to form Army Groups. An Army Group is, in North German terminology, the Highest level of Field Command in case of war. Each Army Group is nominally designated for a single theoretic Theater of War.

The North German Realm has designated Five theoretical Theaters of War:

  1. Kriegsschauplatz Ost: Designated for any possible conflict between North Germany and the Russian Empire or Poland.

  2. Kriegsschauplatz Süd: Designated for any possible conflict between North Germany and The Habsburg Crown.

  3. Kriegsschauplatz West: Designated for any possible conflict between North Germany and the French Empire or the British Empire.

  4. Kriegsschauplatz Pazifishes: Designated for any possible conflict involving North German Pacifica.

  5. Kriegsschauplatz Afrika: Designated for any possible conflict involving North German Africa (Heavily concentrates on Mittelafrika).

  6. Kriegsschauplatz Amerika: Designated for any possible conflict involving North German West Indies.

Of these five Theaters, K.S. Süd is seen as the most likely -and is one that North Germany has been preparing for since 1867), while K.S. West is seen as the least unlikely, as French and North German relations have recently shown.

Upon activation of any of these theaters, A number between three and five Field Armies will be assigned to the formed Army Group -the criteria in assignment is the approximate distance of the Field Army to the theater and its level of mobilization. An Army Group is made of 750,000 to 1,250,000 personnel and as the largest possible military unit, is a concept only to be debated during wartime mobilization.

Army Inspectorate


North Germany is divided into army inspectorates. Each Inspectorate oversees five corps. There were five in 1867, but in the next 40 years, the total number increased to 12.

  1. I Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Berlin, will become the 1st Field Army upon mobilization. (1867)

  2. II Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Danzig, will become the 2nd Field Army upon mobilization. (1867)

  3. III Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Posen, will become the 4th Field Army upon mobilization. (1867)

  4. VI Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Saarbrücken, will become the 6th Field Army upon mobilization (1867)

  5. V Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Kassel, will become the 7th Field Army upon mobilization (1867)

  6. VI Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Hanover, becomes the 3rd Field Army upon mobilization. (1876)

  7. VII Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Breslau, will become the 5th Field Army upon mobilization. (1880)

  8. VIII Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Berlin, will become the 8th Field Army upon mobilization (1893)

  9. IX Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Kiel, will become the 10th Field Army upon mobilization (1893)

  10. X Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Königsberg, will become the 9th Field Army upon mobilization (1900)

  11. XI Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Tsingtao: will become the 1st Colonial Field Army upon mobilization (1901)

  12. XII Army Inspectorate: Headquartered in Freienhaus (Dar-as-Salaam), will become 2st Colonial Field Army upon mobilization (1907)

Each Field Army is ultimately commanded by a General or a Generaloberst, and is made of five corps components.

Corps


The Basic organizational formation of the Bundesheer is the Army Corps (Armeekorps). A Corps consists of two Divisions and various support troops, covering a geographical area. The Corps is also responsible for maintaining the reserves and Landwehr in the area. There are 11 corps under Prussian jurisdiction, two under Hanoverian, and one under Mecklenburger jurisdiction. Besides the regional corps, there is also a Guard Corps (Gardecorps) which controls the elite Prussian Guard units. A corps usually includes a light infantry (Jäger) battalion, a heavy artillery (Fußartillerie) battalion, an engineer battalion, a telegraph battalion, and a trains battalion. Some corps areas also dispose of fortress troops. Each of the 15 corps has a Field Aviation Unit (Feldflieger Abteilung) attached to it normally equipped with six unarmed "A" or "B" class unarmed two-seat observation aircraft apiece.

In wartime, a total of 30 more corps can be drafted out of the military reserves. The Army Corps becomes a mobile tactical formation and four Höhere Kavallerie-Kommando (Higher Cavalry Commands) are formed from the Cavalry Inspectorate, the equivalent of corps, being made up of two Cavalry divisions.

The areas covered by the corps become responsibility of a Wehrkreis (Military District). The Military Districts supervise the training and enlistment of reservists and new recruits. Normally, a Wehrkreis is linked to an army corps (Wehrkreis I takes over the area under responsibility of I. Armeekorps and sends replacements to the same formation).

Division


The basic tactical formation is the division. Made of -at most- 25,000 men, a standard North German division consists of two infantry regiments each, two cavalry regiments, and one artillery regiments. One of the divisions in a corps area usually also manages the corps Landwehr region (Landwehrbezirk). As of 1907, Prussia maintains 52 divisions, while 17 Hanoverian, 10 Saxon, 9 Hessian, and 4 Mecklenburger divisions are also attributed. The Realm has a total of 92 divisions, but only 46 of these are active at any given time. Upon mobilization, they will be reorganized, receiving engineer companies and other support units from their corresponding coprs, and giving up most of their cavalry units to form Cavalry divisions. Reserve divisions may be drafted into full service, while Landswehr regiments may be aggregated into divisions. Other divisions may be formed from ersatz units as well.

Regiment


The regiment is the basic combat unit as well as the recruiting base for soldiers. When inducted, a soldier enters a regiment through its replacement battalion and receives basic training. There are three main types of regiment: Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery. Other specialties such as pioneers (Combat Engineers) and signal troops are organized into smaller support units. Regiments carry the traditions of the army, in many cases stretching back into the 17th and 18th centuries. A regiment is normally up to 5,000 men strong.

International Presence


The North German Army has a level of international presence across the Globe. As a great power, North Germany holds the right to intervene in International Affairs and the Domestic Affairs of its fellow countries as it sees fit, and the country exercises this right whenever it sees fit. While nowhere as interventionist as the British, French, or even American armed forces, the North German Defense Force is present in a number of countries, and maintains military bases and relative authority in some regions as well.

North Germany maintains a mutually sanctioned permanent Expeditionary Force in the Federation of South Africa, and the Kingdom of Denmark, while it maintains a "Pacification" force in the Qing Empire that has been there since the Boxer Rebellion. In addition, the North German army has bases of operation in Netherlands, the Dutch East Indies, Catalonia, Bulgaria, South Africa, Chile, and Portugal where it helps in the training of -and supplies- the militaries of the aforementioned countries.

Army Ranks


The North German Army inherited the ranks of its member-states in the Treaty of the Federation in 1867, becoming a "Federal Army".
Enlisted (Mannschaften/Gemeine) ranks
  • Musketeer (Musketier): Prussian Army infantry regiment
    Soldier (Soldat): Saxon Army infantry regiment
    Gunner (Kanonier): foot artillery
    Pioneer (Pionier): Pioneer branch
    Fusilier (Füsilier)
    Grenadier (Grenadier)
    Light Infantryman (Jäger)
    Dragoon (Dragoner)
    Hussar (Husar)
    Cuirassier (Kürassier)
    Uhlan (Ulan)
    Fusilier Guard (Garde-Füsilier)
    Grenadier Guard (Garde-Grenadier)
    et al

  • Lance Corporal (Gefreiter): the only rank (with exception of Obergefreiter in the foot artillery) to which an enlisted soldier can be promoted.

  • Senior Lance Corporal (Obergefreiter): Specifically in Prussian foot artillery

Additionally, Two designations are held for Volunteer enlistees. In truth, the designations can only be shown by specific uniform distinction (twisted wool piping along their shoulder epaulette edging for Einjährig-Freiwilliger, the Kapitulant a narrow band across their lower shoulder epaulette) in the colours of their respective nation state.

  • One-Year Volunteer Enlistee (Einjährig-Freiwilliger): While designated as a 'Volunteer' spot, this is only an option to 'opt out' of the longer military service for High School Graduates that. Often only an option for the children of the 'Officer-material' social classes, the Einjährig-Freiwilliger designation allows an enlistee to serve for one year in the military unit of their own choosing at the cost of providing their own equipment and subsistence.

  • Capitulant (Kapitulant): A designation for those who have served their conscription terms and wish to volunteer for more. Minimum serving time is 4 years, but it can be extended to 12.

Non-commissioned officers / Unteroffiziere
Junior NCOs (NCOs without Sword Knot) / Unteroffizier ohne Portepee

  • Corporal/Sub-Officer (Unteroffizier)

  • Sergeant


Senior NCOs (NCOs with Sword Knot) / Unteroffizier mit Portepee

  • Sergeant Major 2nd class: rank held by reserve officer candidates after they passed lieutenant's examination
    Infantry: Vice-Feldwebel
    Cavalry or Artillery: Vize-Wachtmeister

  • Sergeant-Major
    Infantry: Feldwebel
    Cavalry or Artillery: Wachtmeister

Warrant Officers and Officer Cadets

  • Cadet (Fahnenjunker): Ranked between a Sergeant and a Vize-feldwebel, these officers serve as cadets in military academies or schools

  • Ensign (Fähnrich): Ranked between a Vize-feldwebel and a Feldwebel)

  • Deputy Officer (Offizierstellvertreter): Ranked above Feldwebel

  • Acting Lieutenant (Feldwebelleutnant): Ranked as youngest 2nd Lieutenant, but without officer's commission and still member of the NCO's Mess.

Officer corps
A common belief is that the officer corps are dominated by the Junker class, but in reality, the offices are open for anyone with the skill or qualifications to back it.

Subalterns / Subalternoffiziere

#

1

2

3

4

Designation

2nd Lieutenant
Infantry and Cavalry: Leutnant
Artillery: Feuerwerksleutnant

1st Lieutenant
Infantry and Cavalry: Oberleutnant
Artillery: Feuerwerksoberleutnant

Staff Captain
Infantry and Artillery: Hauptmann/Kapitän II Klasse
Cavalry: Rittmeister II Klasse

Captain
Infantry and Artillery: Hauptmann/Kapitän Klasse
Cavalry: Rittmeister Klasse

Insignia

Staff Officers / Stabsoffiziere

#

1

2

3

Designation

Major

Lieutenant Colonel
Oberstleutnant

Colonel
Oberst

Insignia

General Officers / Generäle

#

1

2

3

4

5

Designation

Major General
Generalmajor

Lieutenant General
Generalleutnant

General of the Branch
General der Waffengattung

Colonel General
Oberstgeneral

General Field Marshal
Generalfeldmarschall

Insignia

N/A

N/A

N/A

Navy Structure


The North German Navy (officially Federal Navy, Bundeskriegsmarine) is the Second Branch of the Bundeswehr. Upon conception, its mission was to defend North Germany's coasts. However, as the North German Colonial Empire grew, effective domination of North Germany's Seas became an official mission of the Navy. Its commander-in-chief is the North German Emperor, and until 1888 it was mostly under the care of The Land Force, but after three reforms (1888, 1895, 1904), the North German Navy is independent, and it is one of the three most powerful Navies in the world. The Navy is divided into Battle Fleets (Kriegsflotte), largely independent Fleets in charge of the Empire's six Naval Sectors.

Battle Fleet


A Battlefleet, commanded by officers of the highest Naval Rank (Großadmiral), is a largely independent fleet in charge of the Realm's six Naval Sectors. Below are the Empire's designated 'Naval Sectors'
  • Marine-Sektor Heimat: The Battlefleet in charge of this naval sector is the "Home Fleet" (Heimatflotte), made of nearly a hundred ships. This sector directly border the North German Realm's Metropole. It is divided into the North Sea sector and the Baltic Sea sector and has its Naval Bases in Danzig (Batlic Sea) and Wilhelmshaven (North Sea)

  • Marine-Sektor Hochsee: The Battlefleet in charge of this naval sector is the "High Sea Fleet" (Hochseeflotte). This Sector encompasses the entirety of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is divided into the Guinea sector, the Caribbean sector, and the North Atlantic sector, and has its naval bases in Accra (Guinea), and Sankt-Johannburg (Caribbean).

  • Marine-Sektor Westafrika: The Battlefleet in charge of this naval sector is "Crown Prince'sFleet" (Kronprinzflotte). This Sector encompasses the entirety of the South Atlantic Ocean. It is divided into the Congo sector, the Southwestern sector, and the South Atlantic, with its naval bases in Schwarzpunkt (Congo) and Luderitz (Southwest Africa)

  • Marine-Sektor Indien: The Battlefleet in charge of this naval sector is the Mittelafrikan Fleet (Mittelafrikanische Flotte). This sector encompasses the entirety of the Indian Ocean, and is divided into the Coastal sector, and the Indian Ocean sector, with its only naval base in Freienhaus (the capital of Mittelafrika).

  • Marine-sektor Pazifik: The Battlefleet in charge of this naval sector is the Pacific Fleet (Pazifik-Flotte). This sector is mostly concerned with securing and protecting North Germany's possessions in the Pacific Ocean, in particular the New Guinea colonies.

  • Marine-sektor Tsingtao: The fleet in charge of this naval sector is the Tsingtao Fleet (Tsingtao Flotte), the smallest battlefleet in the realm, its base is in Tsingtao, and is in charge of protecting North Germany's possessions in Tsingtao and does not have a Grand Admiral. In certain situations, this fleet comes under the authority of The Pacific Fleet.

Fleet


Each Battlefleet is made of a number between one to seven fleets. The smallest Battlefleet, the Tsingtao Fleet, is the only battlefleet that does not consist of multiple smaller fleets. Each Fleet is led by multiple admiral officers (Konteradmiral and Vizeadmiral) who inevitably answer to an Admiral. A Fleet consists of Major Flotillas (formation of warships of the same size, often between 10 and 18 vessels of the same class), Minor Flotillas (between 7 and 15 vessels of the same class), and Squadrons (small formations of warships of the same size, often between 4 to 7 vessels of the same class).

For example, The Home Fleet (Heimatflotte), the oldest North German Fleet and the largest Battle fleet of the North German Navy which was originally the Prussian Navy, consists of 67 vessels and is made of the following formation:

  • 1st Battle Squadron (1. Schlachtschiffe Geschwader) made of three dreadnought Battleships

  • 2nd Battle Squadron (2. Schlachtschiffe Geschwader) made of six pre-dreadnought Battleships

  • 3rd Battle Squadron (3. Schlachtschiffe Geschwader) made of five pre-dreadnought Battleships

  • 4th Battle Squadron (4. Schlachtschiffe Geschwader) made of four battleships

  • 1st Cruiser Squadron (1. Schlachtkreuzer Geschwader) made of three Battlecruisers.

  • 2nd Cruiser Squadron) 2. Schlachtkreuzer Geschwader) made of seven Cruisers

  • 1st Gunboat Squadron (1. Kanonenboot Geschwader) made of six Gunboats

  • 2st Gunboat Squadron (2. Kanonenboot Geschwader) made of four Gunboats

  • 1st Destroyer Flotilla (1. Zerstörer Flottille) a Major Flotilla made of 15 Destroyers and one Light Cruiser.

  • 2nd Destroyer Flotilla (2. Zerstörer Flottille) a Minor flotilla made of 12 Destroyers and one Light Cruiser.

Marines



North German Marine

The Marines, called Seebataillon in North German military lingo, are the main, and generally only, amphibious military units in North German Realm. Unlike most Navies where the marine units are placed aboard warships, the Bundeskriegsmarine employs Infanterieismus, where seamen are trained as naval infantry, qualified in using small arms and competent in infantry tactics and amphibious operations. This approach positions the Seebataillon as a compact, self-contained organization. Every Sea Battalion is made of four companies (Seekompanie), while scheduled exchanges of Army officers brings current tactical thinking to the sea battalions. The North German Marines have proven their worth, first in the occupation -and annexation- of Kiautschou in 1897, then in the Boxer's Rebellion, and finally in the Caribbean war where a single Sea Company succeeded in defeating the three Spanish regiments that fortified Puerto Rico in a matter of 17 days.

Naval Aviation


The Marine-Fliegerabteilung consists of a number of airships (Zeppelins), observation balloons and fixed-wing aircraft. The main use of Airships is reconnaissance over seas in a Naval Sector, primarily in order to identify enemy -or ally- naval vessels and (more importantly) identify the location of sea-mines in a theoretical sea battle. Airship patrolling has priority over other activity in naval aviation. With about 9 Zeppelins in North German Navy, it is theoritically possible for two or more scouting flights to operate at the same time. Zeppelins and fixed-wing aircraft are both capable of directing strategic raids against enemies in Naval sectors. Doctrine demands that no civilian zones or historic or government buildings be targeted, but difficulties in navigation and the height bombs fall from can make accurate bombing difficult.

North German naval aircraft is primarily stationed in the airfields responding to the Home Fleet, and army Aircraft (Luftsreitkräfte) may also be used in naval operations.

Ranks


The North German Navy's rank and rating system combines that of Prussia's with the navies of Hanover, the only other northern state connected to sea that has any naval capacity.

Seamen

#

1

2

Designation

Seaman
Matrose

Senior Seaman
Obermatrose

Insignia

N/A

Junior Petty Officers

#

1

2

Designation

Petty Officer
Maat

Petty Officer 1st Class
Obermaat

Insignia

Senior Petty Officers

#

1

2

Designation

Chief Petty Officer
Vize-Feldwebel

Chief Petty Officer 1st Class
Feldwebel

Insignia

Warrant Officers

#

1

2

3

Designation

Warrant Officer
Deckoffizier

Chief Warrant Officer
Oberdeckoffizier

Acting Commissioned Officer
Offizier-Stellvertreter

Insignia

Officer cadets

#

1

2

3

Designation

Junior Sea Cadet
Seekadett

Sea Cadet
Fähnrich zur See

Midshipman
Oberfähnrich zur See

Insignia

Naval officers

Captain at Sea
Kapitän zur See[/td]

#

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Designation

Deck Officer Lieutenant
Deckoffizier-Leutnant

Lieutenant at Sea
Leutnant zur See

Over-Lieutenant at Sea
Oberleutnant zur See

Captain Lieutenant
Kapitänleutnant

Corvette Captain
Korvettenkapitän

Frigate Captain
Fregattenkapitän

Insignia

N/A

Flag Officers

#

1

2

3

4

Designation

Rear Admiral
Konteradmiral

Vice Admiral
Vizeadmiral

Admiral
Admiral

Grand Admiral
Großadmiral

Insignia

Schutztruppe


Schutztruppe (Protection Troop) is the official name of any and all troops drafted from the North German colonies in Africa. Similar to other colonial armies, the Schutztruppen consist of volunteer commissioned and non-commissioned officers, medical and veterinary officers, and locally enlisted ranks.

The first contingents were formed in the Mittelafrikan provinces of East Africa (where they were known as Askari) and Southwest Africa, as well as North German Kamerun. Until 1897, North German Pacifica and Gold Coast were under martial law enacted by local Schutztruppe, which colonial policy changed with Wastrecht-Orenblau's election. Kiautschou in China was under The North German Marine's administration until 1906 as pacification of the region following the Boxer Rebellion was deemed necessary. The 3rd Sea Battalion, the only all-German unit with permanent status in an oversees protectorate, oversees all military or law enforcement in Tsingtao.

There are a total number of 250,000 Schutztruppe in the entirety of North German Africa. Upon mobilization, they will gather in Freienhaus, the capital of Mittelafrika, and form the 2nd Colonial Field Army, but in peace time, 30,000 Schutztruppe enforce rule of law in Mittelafrika (where 6,000 are dedicated to each province), 2,000 law enforcement troops are stationed in Kamerun, 750 in Gold Coast, and 1,250 in Southwest Africa.

While no Schutztruppe are active in Tsingtao, the North German general staff believes that there is capacity to train and mobilize 250,000. 500 of this number is the already active 3rd Sea Battalion, which already enforce law and order in the overseas protectorate.

There is a large lobby, primarily made of the liberal and pro-assimilation groups, that supports extending colonial citizenship to every Schutztruppe that serves more than 4 years in active duty. Currently, Colonial citizenship is not extended to natives as they can only become colonial settlers in certain situations.

Reserve System


The North German reserve system is a continuation of the Prussian reserve system that was active throughout the German Confederation era. In this model, every young man is drafted into military service at the age of 18. Upper-class draftees become officers. Every draftee serves three years with color and then four years in the reserve. In reality, the North German Standing army is a training cadre for the intake of conscripts, and so the army's organization is the same both in peace and war. As a nation with an active military tradition, conscription does not have much opposition in the country.

Industrial Base


North Germany has the national industrial base in Europe, having surpassed Britain in 1903. The Military closely cooperates with industry, with particular focus on the yet-experimental aircraft industry as well as the more traditional small arms, artillery, and other military-related industries. The armed forces sets prices and labor exemptions, regulates the supply of credit and raw material, limits patent rights so to allow cross-licensing among firms, and supervises management-labor relations. This results in very rapid expansion and a high output of high quality manufacturing, as well as high wages that attract the best machinists.

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