Largest City: Heshan
Official Language(s): Farsi Arabic, Hebrew,
- Prime Minister: Tziporah Surya
- Prime Minister: Iman Sabah
- Speaker: Bao Attar
- Chief Justice: Iskandar Idan
- People's Assembly: 650 seats
- Austronesian Union: 1 May 1912
- Merakh: 12 December 1946
Land Area: 6,592,750 km˛
Water Area: 639,496 km˛ (9.7%)
Highest Point: 4907 m (18,701 ft)
Lowest Point: -68 m (-146 ft)
GDP (nominal): $5.673 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: $39,043
Human Development Index (HDI): 0.913
- (IHDI): 0.909
Time Zone: +8, +9
Drives on the: Right
Internet TLD: .mk
Merakh (/mɪ'rɑ:k/), officially the New Union of Merakh, is a nation comprised of mainland Austronesia and several minor archipelagos. It is the world's third largest country by total area, covering roughly 6,592,750 square kilometers (4,096,545 sq mi). It is a socialist republic administrating over 29 provinces and 3 autonomous regions with an estimated population of 786,834,000.
Originally, many provinces were their own nations, but together formed a regional union until World War II when all continental nations formed the New Union of Merakh. Because of this, the nation’s peoples and culture come from a multitude of diverse origins. Today, Merakh is internationally known for it's multiculturalism, radical history, and diplomatic nature.
- 1.1 Prehistory
1.2 Ancient Civilizations
1.3 Persia and China
1.4 Revolutionary Period
1.5 War and Union
Archaeological evidence suggests a large-scale Austronesian expansion began around 3000–1500 BCE, fueled by Asian population growth. These first settlers may have migrated from the southern coasts China and eastern coasts of India, similarly to the indigenous population who had inhabited the continent 23,000 years earlier having migrated from coastal China and India.
Around 600 BCE Zhuang culture stabilized on the northeastern coast of Merakh after several successions of migrations dating back to Zhou dynasty in 800 BCE. After their arrival, they quickly merged well with the Sama-Bajau peoples on the east coast. The cultural blending of these groups suggested they merged well with little aggression towards each other.
Upon settling further inland near the Shunli river, the Zhuang quickly grew into the largest civilization and monarchy on the continent due to the fertile land and mineral rich hills. They are famously noted for their agricultural developments and politics. These values would grow to have a significant influence on the course of Merakhi and Austronesian history, particularly as a source of revolutionary leaders.
The Zhuang are one of the more populous ethnic groups in the nation and have merged and influenced with several surrounding, indigenous cultures.
A young Zhuang woman in
Descending from the oceanic nomadic Sama-Bajau groups, the Yakan setteled the southeastern coasts around 500 BCE. As they adapted easily to new environments, they quickly migrated further inland near the Sabah river.
Though not as influentially powerful as the Zhuang, the Yakan traveled and controlled vast amounts of land through military advances in the west and mergers in the center mainland with various nomadic tribes, most prominently of which being the Buryats.
To this day, they are most known for their developments in mobile architecture, boat building, and equestrianism.
Theorized to have migrated from as far north as Siberia, the Buryats were a Mongol nomadic tribe acustomed to tundra regions. Though there is not sufficient archeological evidence, historians propose they may have traveled south after facing aggression from Xiongnu tribes and again from the Western Han after arriving as refugees.
A Buryat archer at a local competition.
After the fall of Babylon to Cyrus the Great in 539 BCE, exiled Jews were permitted to return to Judah or voyage eastwards for Persian expansion. Though some returned to Eretz Israel, many Jewish people were hopeful to join the expeditions after learning of Cyrus' claims about the land as 'a fertile paradise'.
Persia’s close relations with the southern Chinese states of the Spring and Autumn period lead Cyrus to expand into eastern Asia without much pushback. He managed to convince many of the ruling states of the benefits of Persian expansion with various trade deals.
At this point, China had no major influence or prescene in Merakh as it was preoccupied with warring states, so many states were content with the negotiations.
By 500 BCE, the western coasts and mountain ranges were Persian territory, making Persia the largest empire in history at the time. The region of Hadassah was established shortly upon arrival. However, as Persia was focusing defensive measures on their western borders, Hadassah was largely absent of military efforts, leading to a sense of autonomy.
After nearly 200 years of rule, Persia only informally existed on the continent after several devasting defeats to Persia on the mainland from Alexander the Great. Hadassah, spanning a considerable length of territory and already functioning somewhat autonomously, was focused on developing their own nation instead of rebuilding in hopes of Persia’s return. Many people still considered themselves Persians; however, the nation's name and hierarchy had few ties to Persia by 300 BCE.
During what is considered one of China’s golden ages, the Han dynasty had the financial powress to fund several southern military campaigns beginning in 118 BCE. Under Emperor Wu, many expeditions were ordered to explore and conquer the northern coasts of Austronesia. Despite centuries of trading with the northern tribes, this was the first time China had invaded them.
Because the Emperor Wu was focsued on de jure peace with the northern confederacy, Xiongnu, he sought out the resources and power that the new contiental land had to offer. The Buryats, who had migrated from Siberia to the northern coasts after several centuries, were the most devasted by the conquest. With the Buryats forced inland, China now had dominance on the northern coasts.
Their prescense persisted until the Battle of Red Cliffs in 208 AD when several small tribes took advantage of the warring Chinese states to dismantle their control in Austronesia. While the naval battle raged, government and military buildings were ransacked. The Zhuang swept in to claim the ruined cities of the east and the west was split between smaller tribes.
5th century plate depicting Bahram V,
son of Shushandukht and Yazdegerd I.
During the Sassanian Empire’s rule, Shapur II allied with the Gupta Empire by protecting them from Hepthaliate expansion in order to regain eastern territory. Eventually Persia would grow to reclaim a majority of Merakhi land around 348 CE.
After a few decades of succession, Yazdegerd I began a campaign in Hadassah alongside his wife and daughter of a Jewish exilarch, Shushandukht. She had previously established Jewish communities and was well-liked by the people of Hadassah. By 412 CE, they had reignited Persian influence in the eastern colonies, convincing citizens to support Hadassah as a tributary state of the Sassanian Empire. The status was officially set after years of exilarchs visiting the Shah's Court, negotiating autonomy, protection, and trade locations.
Many Jewish, Persian, and indigenous communities flourished under Sassanian presence until the campaign of Khosrau II in 622 CE. It had comletely exhausted the Persian army and treasuries. In an effort to rebuild the national treasuries, Khosrau overtaxed the population, leading to mass revolts until Persia lost control of their overseas territory for good.
Part of the vision most emporers had during the Ming dynasty included reclaiming the northern coasts of Austronesia. Military campaigns began under rule of Emporer Yongle and continued until all territory was reclaimed in 1544. The Ming dynasty, having the largest navy in the world at the time, was quick to retake the northwestern region previously controlled by the Han dynasty.
This time, their rule was no less domineering, but proclaimed their philosphy of total unity through sinification. The tension this brought while controlling several small ethnic groups originating not just indigenously from Austronesia, but also from China after fleeing harsh rule, made unity a difficult task.
However, the major political struggles the Ming dynasty faced in Austronesia were not due to the indigenous populations, but interior fighting. The largest settlement, Jiaozhou, was briefly overthrown by peasant rebels in 1638 during a time of economic devastation. Mainland China was prioritzed over the overseas settlements, causing several peasant revolts.
Shortly after the famine and peasant uprisings in the mid 1600s, the mainland Ming dynasty was conquered by the Qing dynasty who employed even harsher rule when it was clear that the indigneous and peasant populations were not becoming complacent.
During the 1750s, the Qing dynasty began to expand further south into Austronesia, beyond where any other dynasty had explored. They expanded into the center of the continent until Buryat, Sayarsian, and Zhuanese forces held their borders while Yakan opened their borders to fleeing refugees.
Due to rapid Qing expansion again in the early 1900s and continually harsh rule, they could not sustain their growth or slavage their Austronesia territories when revolts broke out. The reovlts were spurred on by rising leftist ideals and in tandem with the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 in mainland China. The surrounding nations banded together in order to relieve the tension and suffering to peasant and non Han or Manchu populations Qing rule had establised in the region.
After their joint victory when the Qing dynasty pulled out of Austronesia, the land was dedicated to be a united territory under joint rule of Hadassah, Buryat, Yakan, and Zhuang. It was titled the Austronesian Union on 1 May 1912.
World War II
Although having minimal involvement in World War I as an allied power, the Austronesian Union was heavily involved during World War II. Before the war broke out, the eastern provinces fully opened their borders to fleeiing immigrants and refugees from 1928 to 1946.
Japan Involvement - Partnering with China - Invasion to Thailand and Vietnam to the south.
Metro area population
Currency: Sheqra (₪)
Fiscal Year: January 1 - December 31
GDP (nominal): $5.373 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: $38,043
Labor Force: 395.443 million