Coat of Arms
New Lunenburg is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with a monarch and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the Cabinet and head of government. The country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations and ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, and education.
In the late 18th century, British expeditions discovered New Lunenburg and later settled along the coast, founding the cities of Clarendon and Verulam, which remain the two largest cities on the island. The then Colony of New Lunenburg was declared in 1797, during the reign of King George III. The name of the new possession, New Lunenburg, comes from the name of the German city of Lüneburg, which King George III also ruled when the colony was established. The use of Lunenburg in naming the new colony, rather than the more authentic Lüneburg, reflects an archaic title for the city that is now rarely used in English. For the first 50 years of the colonial era, New Lunenburg was settled only by a small number of British colonists, who were primarily focused on fishing and trade with the mother country. During the 1840s and 50s, a large wave of immigrants arrived in the colony. A large amount were of German extraction and were mostly Old Lutherans from Prussia and Saxony seeking a place to practice their faith in peace, many settled in the sparsely populated interior. To this day, German is the second-most spoken language in New Lunenburg and remains the dominant language in many small towns in rural areas. At the same time, a similarly large number of immigrants came to New Lunenburg from Ireland as a result of the Great Famine. These waves of immigration played a great role in shaping the culture of the new nation and New Lunenburg's population almost tripled during the latter half of the 19th century. During the 20th century, New Lunenburg gained more and more autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the New Lunenburg Act of 1987, which severed the last remaining vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.