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Negara Kita Suvurnia Darul Makmur | Overview

Suvurnia, The Abode of Prosperity
ڠىعارا خيتا صوۏورنيا ضارول ماکمور
(Sanggaric Jawi)
Negara Kita Suvurnia Darul Makmur (Romanised Sanggaric)
République du Suvurnie (French)
苏维埃共和国 (Chinese)



Flag and National Emblem


Motto: Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti



Location


Population: 2,601,486
-Density: 1,207/km2


Capital: Suvurnia (city-state)
Largest Sector: Candrapura


Official Languages: French, Sanggaric, Cantonese



Demonym: Suvurnian

Government: Presidential Republic
- President: Lukman bin Awang
- Prime Minister: Muhammad Azhar Suwardi


Legislature: Legislative Council


Establishment: from Union of Sanggar
Independence: 1965


Land Area: 2,154 km²
Water Area: 2,154 km²
Water %: negligible


Elevation
Highest Point: 498 m (Mount Naga Ijo)
Lowest Point: 0 m (Southern Sea)


GDP (nominal): $77.8 Billion USD
GDP (nominal) per capita: $29,927 USD


Human Development Index: 0.873


Currency: Suvurnian Franc (SVF)


Time Zone: UTC-12


Date Format : DD/MM/YYYY


Drives on the: Left


Calling code: +389


Internet TLD: .ng


Suvurnia, officially Our Nation of Suvurnia, Abode of Prosperity (Suvurnian: Negara Kita Suvurnia Darul Makmur), often referred to as the "Tiger City", the "Market City" or as the "Jade Pearl of the Orient", is a sovereign city-state in the Western Isles. It is bordered on the northwest by Samudera, on the southeast by Cantonos, on the north by Eterna Sea and on the south by Southern Sea. Suvurnia covers 2,154 square kilometres and has an estimated population of 2,601,486. Suvurnia comprises of seventeen administrative districts and two territories.

Suvurnia is a chain of volcanic islands in the Fitriana Straight. Its history has always been influenced by spices, notably Keemasan, that only grows in this island. The island started out as a trade base, owing to its strategic location in the trade routes and the spices harvest. The 1674 eruption of Mount Naga Ijo wiped the island from life for the next fifty years. Islam soon arrived in the island from Samudera, and becomes part of it for the remainder of the centuries. With the admission of Samudera to the Ahnslen confederation, the island seceded from Samudera and declared independence. It didn't last long enough, before Cantonos invade it in attempt to secure the lucrative spice trades. Suvurnia declared its own independence in 1958, and remained an important trade hub in the immediate area. Initially, it attempted a union with Samudera named the Union of Sanggar, but this soon fell apart due to the Samuderan revolution after 4 years.

Today Suvurnia is renowned as a tiger economy, with a policy of openness to investment and free trade resulting in large growth. Businesses face few restrictions and labour laws are regarded as some of the most loose in the region. Despite this, the nation maintains moderate taxes on land and inheritance, resulting in a moderately well developed public health sector and social welfare program. Suvurnia is described as a flawed democracy, as though freedoms of speech and democratic process are guaranteed in the constitution corruption is widespread there are fears about religious freedom and limits to political expression.

Etymology

The name Suvurnia is descended from the name Suvurnavipa, Sanskrit for Golden Island, which was the name used by Khas-Kirati Empire in its conquest of the archipelago. The name itself wthe name was as granted due to the relative prosperity of the Torangese peoples of Gawai and Mentira thanks to their trade routes. The name was used throughout the NAME HERE Hangate era, and continued following the independence of the Sultanate. Over time, the name was simplified before becoming Suvurnia. While the area was christened as NAME during the Dormillian occupation, the name Suvurnia was chosen upon independence due to its historical significance.

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Suvurnia is as a "Suvurnian".

History

The island chain that makes up Suvurnia was first settled in 5 AD by Ipachi people from the Gael mainland. They settled all over the island, cultivating sugarcane and spices, both endemic and those brought from the mainland. Goats and rice were also cultivated, and an agricultural serf society arose. The first of these civilisations was the Cho-Ka kingdom which was founded by King Haesin the Wise in 20 AD. There are large archeological remains from this era, showing that the Cho-Ka had bronze tools and were experts at working clay to make colourful pottery. The Cho-Ka were also expert sailors and traded throughout the eterna sea, spreading word of an island rich in rare spices. They developed a script known as Sahir, an abiguida which was used to write several books of law and religious tales.

The Haesinid dynasty lasted until the third century AD, when the elderly king Johang died after a reign that had brought great wealth to the kingdom. His son Dhahaja inherited the throne and quickly squandered the treasury on his alcoholism and depraved orgies with both sexes. To maintain his avarice he raised the state taxes to exorbitant levels, sending cruel soldiers to round up peasants who would not pay their taxes and executing them by skinning them alive in the town squares. His stepson Haesinrua and his wife Shala, who were secretly lovers, began conspiring behind his back, hoping to take the throne for themselves. They rallied a group of royal guards and stormed the castle. Dhahaja, realising he was finished, killed himself by drinking poison. Haesinrua and Shala declared themselves the rulers, but due to their incestuous relationship they were disliked by the people. Tumrin, a young Ipachi nobleman, led an army composed of peasant levies and royal army deserters towards the capital. Another faction was led by a monk known as the Sea’s Illuminator, who inspired a similar army. The two rebel forces met the royal army at Heľonh, modern day Nagahijau. Here the rebels began fighting each other and were annihilated by the royal army, with the heads of the pretenders paraded back to Gawai in shame. The Shalanid dynasty was founded.

This dynasty lasted until the advent of the Khas-Kirati Empire, when forces under NAME invaded the isles and defeated the Ipachi fleet. They were advancing on Gawai, when suddenly a typhoon destroyed their ships and left them stranded on the mainland. They ruled the area as a hangate for around 50 years, before moving on due to pressure from Gawai based pirates. The Gawai ipachi were by now very different from their predecessors, now living an almost entirely sea based lifestyle. They repopulated the islands and formed an oligarchical quasi-republic ruled over by several mercantile families. Trade began with almost every corner of the isles, bringing the Gawai state into the international eye. Nations began plotting their domination of the islands to take advantage of their spices, in particular the endemic spice keemasan which was highly sought after. In DATE, Atnaian ships under the NAME company arrived in modern day Port Gantra to trade. Atnaian soldiers established a garrison, nominally to protect their ships, which in reality cemented their dominance over the Suvurnian spice trade. In 1530, in response to unfair trade restrictions by the Atnaians, the Suvurnian population rose up in a revolt. It seemed successful at first, expelling the Atnaians to their ships, but Atnaian reinforcements arrived and crushed the revolt. Gawai was formally annexed by the Atnaian Empire in 1531. They superseded the local authorities and began settling the islands, bringing in lots of money through trade.

In the early 1670s mount Nagahijau began letting off steam and gasses. This was deemed to be an open from the gods, but the government was too inefficient to make any moves and did not see a threat. On the morning of the twelfth of may 1674, Nagahijau erupted in an enormous eruption that blanketed the surrounding area in ash. The eruption blasted off huge chunks of rock across the islands and unleashed a pyroclastic flow that killed all of the island’s inhabitants. The survivors fled by boat to the mainland, never to return. For the next 50 years no one returned to the island, seeing it as cursed.


Bayezid’s Mosque, from a 1893 painting
The first settlers to arrive on the isles were Sanggaric traders, who mounted an expedition led by the famous sailor Nahda Jalisong to see whether the islands rich spices had been destroyed in the eruption. They arrived to a verdant island which had grown quickly after the eruption. They gathered a large crop of spices and returned back to Samudera in triumph. A colonisation mission soon began within Samudera, and Sanggaric ships landed on the islands and began to set up a settlement at Port Gantra. These settlers soon established a large town at Candrapura in the north of Mentira island, cementing the island chain's role in regional trade. The Sultanate of Kepan was established by Jalisong’s son Brahmavid.

In 1730 a wise muslim teacher named Hajj Bayezid Mehmetoğlu arrived as part of a trade envoy from the Ottoman Empire and established Kepan’s first mosque. People were intrigued by the new faith and many converted. Gawai island became the centre of Islam in the island chain, as Abdul-Mu’id established a madrassa and began to teach Islam to the population. Word of this new faith even reached Sultan Epetah, who came to the madrassa in disguise and listened in to Bayezid recite the Qur'an. He was captivated by the beauty of what he heard and returned to his palace a changed man. He returned the next day with a royal entourage and formally recited the Shahada, becoming muslim. He took the name Hakeem and began propagating the faith over the island chain. Mosques sprung up all over Suvurnia, given royal funding. For many of these the Ottoman style was mixed with traditional Sanggaric styles to create beautiful buildings. Kepan became very close with the Ottoman empire, who sold them weaponry and gave them new technologies. Ottoman Turkish culture had a great influence on Kepan, especially in the areas of food and the arts.


General Guillame Alglave, first
Governor of Sanggar-Kepanie

The Ottoman Empire's dominance of Kepan was soon weakened by the Ottoman Empire's decline in Europe and North Africa. In 1823 Dormill and Stiuran sailors arrived at Gantra harbour and attempted to rush the Sultan's palace. They were driven back by the Sultan's Janisariyah, a personal force based on the Ottoman Janissaries. Dormill and Stiuran forces returned in mass and shelled the Sultan's palace, having easily overpowered the Kepanese navy. Dormill and Stiuran General Guillame Richard Alglave led a troop of Royal Infantry who managed to overpower the remaining garrison using their superior rifles and higher morale. In the months that followed the Dormill and Stiuran landed more soldiers on Mentira and Gawai, declaring Kepan to be a subject of the Dormill and Stiuran Empire. Guillame Alglave was granted the position of Governor and ensured that the island chain was thoroughly francified. Out of the 71 Mosques that were in Kepan before the Dormill and Stiuran administration, only seven survived Guillame's evangelical purge. He had many Catholic churches built and attempted to convert the Sanggaric people to Christianity, a mission which had very little success due to the entrenched role that Islam played in the Islands. He had the entire Gawai old town demolished save for the Sultan's palace, which was refurbished for the colonial administration, and Bayezid's Mosque, as there were riots when the plan was announced. Swathes of the town on Mentira were destroyed as well, being replaced with a town with planned roads and straight streets instead of the winding alleys of old Mentira. The Dormill and Stiurans initially tried to plant teas on Mentira, but when the project failed due to problems with the soil they imported fruits, growing mangoes, papayas, bananas and melons. Sanggar-Kepanie's true worth however was its spices, which provided large amounts of wealth to the colony and the empire as a whole. Keemasan, in particular, was extremely sought after owing to its rarity and unique taste. It was even rumoured that Queen Victoria was partial to keemasan, a rumour that was never fully substantiated but was used as a selling point by the colonial administration.

Majsid Kemay, one of the only Mosques
left standing in Sanggar-Kepanie. Rue Amiens,
Circa 1900.

Sanggar-Kepanie thrived as a colony, by the end of the 1900s becoming a burgeoning port and centre of trade in the region. The Dormill and Stiurans maintained a small garrison of infantry based in the Cape Arthur Fort, but did not have much of a military presence in much of the archipelago. They raised several local regiments of infantry in order to defend the colony, a force known colloquially as the "Pengawal Rumah" (Home Guard). The Home Guard forces saw combat during World War One, when they were stationed on the Western Front. There had been plans to station them in the east against the Ottomans but these plans were abandoned once the soldiers caught wind of them and threatened a mutiny. After the war, Sanggar-Kepanie was granted home rule in 1920, while it remained part of the empire. This status change was the result of a great deal of work by Governor Aurelien Belleg, an imperial officer who had grown up in Sanggar and now wished to help his adopted homeland. He established three universities and even authorised the construction of a new mosque. This mosque, named Majsid Kejaraan (Imperial Mosque), was dedicated by Governor Belleg with the inscription "Let this mosque be a place of learning and peace, that stands testament to the mutual friendship of the Dormill and Stiuran Empire and the Sanggaric People". This colonial administration dedicated itself to the construction of a Sanggaric identity, as Belleg was a fervent believer in the right to self-determination and was ahead of his time in this regard. He saw that Dormill and Stiurawould eventually lose many of its colonies and wanted to set Kepan up for success. He allowed far more cultural freedom and it is rumoured that he even converted to Islam at one stage, a rumour fed by the fact that many of his personal records were destroyed by his successors. When Belleg died in 1932 his legacy was felt by a young generation of Sanggarese, who now believed in their nation and its potential independence.


Ali Serang, regarded as the father
of the Suvurnian nation. Photo
circa 1938, colourised.

It was in the aftermath of Belleg's death that Sanggar-Kepanie began to receive a new birth. Belleg's political reforms had allowed a new generation to begin shaping their political and national identities and they began to take these steps further. In 1936 the Negara Kita (Sanggaric for "Our Land") movement was founded, a Sanggaric nationalist party inspired by the recent independence of Samudera from Ainslie. The Negara Kita movement was split between two wings, the Young Sanggaric clique who favoured unification with Samudera and the Percuma Negara faction who favoured an independent nation. These factions gained much support among the populace, but there were other factions who took up the independence torch. One of these was the Workers' Party of Sanggar, a communist party that favoured independence and a violent revolution. They were banned by the colonial government but gained support among the lower classes. There was also the Islamic Nation Party, a faction that advocated an Islamic state for both modern day Suvurnia but also, eventually, the Muslim majority area of Samudera as well. These factions jostled for popular support, with the Negara Kita movement and Workers' Party being the major players. The face of the independence movement was Ali Serang, the head of the Negara Kita Movement. He called for a congress of the pro-independence movements to try and find common ground, holding the underground "Conference for the Parties concerned with the Independent Future of Sanggar-Kepanie". At this meeting, the parties agreed that there would be no infighting between factions, and adopted the name Suvurnia to represent the prospective nation. This name was a clear political gesture, as it showed that the parties were set on independence.


Tirailleurs Kepaniens on parade in Asah,
15 March 1940
Despite these pro-independence growths, it cannot be said that the people of Sanggar-Kepanie were captivated by any anti-Dormill and Stiuran sentiment as evidenced by the large amounts of Sanggaric volunteers who joined the volunteer Tirailleurs Kepaniens regiment during the First World War. Many of the people in the colony merely wanted independence in their affairs and greater religious freedoms which were somewhat curtailed by colonial authorities. The start of World War Two was a watershed moment for the independence forces as it divided the independence movement into two camps, those supporting Dormill and Stiura(and by extension the allies) and those who supported a union with Samudera which was at the time a fascist nation aligned with the Axis powers. Danish Kelemat, an exiled Pan-Torangese theorist living in Bhinneka, led a campaign to convince Samudera to invade Sanggar Kepanie in order to facilitate a Torangese union in the southern sea. His campaign succeeded and Samudera invaded Sanggar-Kepanie in late may, 1940.

The invasion began with the battle of the Fitriana Strait on the first of June, where the small Dormill and Stiuran fleet was crushed despite spirited resistance. The Samuderans then landed forces at Port Gantra, taking the port after a small skirmish with Dormill and Stiuran soldiers and forcing the remaining soldiers to withdraw back to their positions on Mt Nagahijau. The leader of the Samuderan force was General Mangano, who vastly underestimated the mettle of his opponents and attacked this position with a relatively small advance backed up by three tanks. The thrust was defeated, as the Dormill and Stiuran had almost double the numbers that had been expected and were far better trained than the Samuderan force composed mainly of conscripts. A secondary thrust on the third of June, this time backed up by air support and larger amounts of infantry, managed to dislodge the Dormill and Stiuran troops who retreated back across the bridge to Gawai island before blowing out the bridge and beginning the siege of Gawai. Early attempts at a naval assault were repulsed by artillery and sea mines, leading to Mangano's decision to bomb Gawai into submission. Samuderan bombers pounded at much of the island, damaging even the old Mosque of Bayezid. This act lost much of the local support of the Sanggaric people, who saw it as an attack on their culture. Dormill and Stiuran propaganda painted the event as proof of the destructiveness of fascism, gaining much support by showing the difference between their mosque building and the destruction at the hands of the Samuderans. The Dormill and Stiuran garrison, which was composed mainly of native tirailleurs, managed to survive bombardment for almost a month, before food reserves ran out and they were forced to surrender. Before doing so, however, the Dormill and Stiuran demobilised the Tirailleurs and hid their weapons, allowing them to form an effective resistance force after surrender. This force, known as the Francs-Tireurs des îles occidentales (Free Shooters of the Western Isles) worked in conjunction with pro-independence activists such as the Suvurnian Mujahideen in a display of solidarity. The Communist Party in particular gained support in this time, as it was able to secure weaponry from the Soviet Union. The Samuderans were forced to send more troops in to pacify Sanggar-Kepanie, an act that eventually contributed to their defeat. On the 29th of August 1944 a force of Covonantian soldiers arrived in Sanggar-Kepanie and, helped by local forces, liberated the colony from a Samudera that was now faltering. Tirailleur forces fought with allied forces in the final years of the war, serving with distinction. Militarily, the war had shown the mettle of the Sanggaric soldiers and gained them a fearsome reputation but had also shown how fragile their military situation was. Socially, the war resulted in a strengthening of the Islamist and leftist elements of Sanggar-Kepanie, setting the tone for politics until independence.


Jalisa Hekong, speaking to the central committe
of the Worker's Party of Sanggar, 1 May 1951
By the end of 1945 the Dormill and Stiuran authorities had well and truly returned to power in Suvurnia, under the rulership of Governor Jaques Casquette. Casquette was a man much in the vein of Belleg and was committed to the development of an independent Sanggar-Kepanie, which he saw as a fair reparation for their role in World War Two. However, he was also an ardent anticommunist and was convinced that the Communist Party of Sanggar would have to be eliminated before independence could take place. While not a fan of the Islamists, who were under the influence of such thinkers as Sayyid Qutb and had taken a rather anti-western swing, he saw them as a necessary evil in the fight against communism and allowed them much more of a platform. The favorites for independence however were the secular Negara Kita movement led by Ali Serang. His movement was a big tent of economic wings and even held some moderate islamist views, and it was officially sanctioned by the Dormill and Stiuran authorities. In response to this the communists began a limited-scale insurgency led by Jalisa Hekong, targeting colonial authorities and also Islamist and Negara Kita activists who were seen as collaborators with the enemy. The communists organised strikes among the spice growers and port workers, managing to affect the economy extensively after the "Red Ramadan" month long strikes in 1947. The colonial Gendarmerie responded with violence, killing several lead communists after raiding one of their safe houses in Asah on the 7th of January 1948. The communists also organised several riots in the streets, the biggest being the Battle of Rue Amiens when communist agitators attempted to burn down Majsid Kemay where an Islamist Imam was known to speak. The violence in Sanggar-Kepanie continued for several years with large amounts of fatalities on all sides, until a ceasefire was mediated in 1951 between the communists and central government. It was decided that an election for governor would be held, and that the Worker's Party would demobilise in exchange for recognition as a political party. The election was held in 1952 and the lead-up was filled with violence. The Worker's Party used guerrillas to intimidate voters, while colonial policemen did the same in favour of the Negara Kita and the Unionist Party, a party that favoured remaining part of Dormill and Stiura. In the end, the Worker's Party candidate and former guerrilla leader Jalisa Hekong won the largest share of votes, 37%, and despite having nowhere near a majority of supporters was elected Governer of Sanggar-Kepanie. She began her term by declaring independence for the "Torangese Revolutionary Worker's Republic" and raising a red flag with a white hammer and sickle as the new flag on the first of October. This move was illegal by the constitution, leading to Dormill and Stiuran colonial forces and anti-communist volunteers storming the Governor's palace. A street battle raged between Hekongist fighters and her opponents, but due to their inferior numbers the communists were defeated and Hekong captured. She was executed by a firing squad on the 8th of October 1952, her last words reportedly "I have fought for freedom of our entire people. The Internationale shall become the human race". The Dormill and Stiuran administration responded with mass repression of communists, but the incident was a clear signal that independence would need to be handled well lest the colony become hostile to Dormill and Stiuran interests. Jaques Casquette was put back in place as governor, but promised a transfer of power directly to the Negara Kita movement and independence on the 29th of August 1955, ten years after Sanggar-Kepanie's liberation from fascist rule. This decision was accompanied by intensified development of infrastructure in the colony, as part of the "Paternal Independence Pact" signed by Ali Serang and the Dormill and Stiuran President hmm which promised development in Sanggar-Kepanie in return for free trade agreements and several other economic concessions upon independence. Due to the weakened state of the communists and the acceptance of the Islamists for Ali Serang as President, the next three years were comparatively peaceful with low rates of political violence in the streets. It seemed that there was a real optimism for Suvurnian independence, held by even the Dormill and Stiuran colonial administration.


Ali Serang's presidential address upon Suvurnian
independence, 29 August 1955
The day of independence was a great celebration in Suvurnia, with almost the entire population coming out to celebrate the day. Outside the old Governor's palace the Dormill and Stiuran flag was lowered to the tune of their anthem, with Dormill and Stiuran President hmm2 in attendence alongside several other important dignitaries. The Suvurnian flag was then raised in its place to the tune of the newly-composed national anthem, "Suvurnia, Pearl of the Seas". Fireworks and mass celebrations followed, before President Ali Serang began his famous "Birth of a nation" speech in which he outlines the principles that the nation would be founded upon, Trisila, and the goals that he had for the nation. After this speech, which was met with rapturous applause, he read out the newly written Suvurnian constitution. After this, the festivities were followed by a military parade that showcased the new Suvurnian Republican Armed Forces, which had been formed from the Tirailleurs Kepaniens and had been gifted several aircraft and vessels by the Dormill and Stiuran government in return for a military cooperation agreement. Crowds of revellers then began spontateous celebrations in the streets, with the day being remembered as one of the happiest in Suvurnian history. The days that followed proved the effectiveness of Ali Serang's administration, as Suvurnia gained international recognition and began running itself as an independent nation. One of the first activities that the new government made was to seek reconciliation with Samudera, as there were still tensions held due to what had happened in World War Two despite the fall of the fascist government. On the 1st of September an agreement, nicknamed the Rendang Pact after the curry which is a key part of both nation's cuisines, was signed which established a free trade agreement, military alliance as well as several cultural exchanges and agreements. Political commentators often regard the "Rendang Pact" as the beginning of the "United Tanahair" movement that would cumulate in the Union of Sanggar five years later. A seperate free trade agreement was signed with Ainslie, giving the nascent Suvurnian economy a welcome boost. these agreements helped establish Negarkita as a nation by giving it a stable base from which to expand into the world. Ali Serang renamed Negara Kita to the Kongres Akisi Rakyat (Popular Action Congress), hoping to move past its old roots and into being a political party befire the first elections.


Suvurnian soldiers, mounted in a truck, patrol
outer Buyukpazar during PPN uprising, 19 December 1958
With the rise of the Negara Kita government came a wave of counter-politics. The Islamists, who still maintained a large following among the people of Suvurnia, decided to try and expand their influence before the first set of elections. They began large street rallies, including a weekly public sermon by the Imam of Masjid Kemay after Jumu'ah followed by political slogan reciting, a tradition that continues to this day. Unlike in other countries, there was not a militant islamist wing. This was due to the political liberalism offered by the first regime, which tolerated the Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Islamic Unity Front's existence and right to campaign. Less peaceful was the communist opposition. While they had lost much of their previous influence after the fall of Hekong, her supporters still were active. With funding from the UCCR, the People's Party of Suvurnia (Hekongist-Continuity) waged a low-level urban guerilla campaign including several car bombings and graffiti. The first elections in an independent Suvurnia took place in 1957 and pitted Serang's Kongres Akisi Rakyat against the Islamic Unity Front and Parti Nationale, who were concentrated among the Dormill and Stiuran minority. Serang won with 68% of the vote, guaranteeing is influence over the newly independent state. His policies of a free market with leftist social policy allowed Suvurnia to remain neutral in the cold war, guaranteeing economic growth from exports. In 1958, Constantin Shahir was elected by the central committee of the People's Party of Suvurnia to general secretary. His ideology was closer to that of Trotsky than of Lenin, advocating for a violent struggle but also for a global revolution. Under him, the PPN stepped up their violent attacks. On the twelfth of December 1958, as Serang's motorcade turned out of Place de la République, a car bomb went off next to his car and a group of PPN militants began firing from a nearby apartment. Serang and his aides were killed instantly, with a deadly siege breaking out in the centre of the town as the militants held the inhabitants of the apartment hostage for seven hours before Suvurnian soldiers were able to storm the building and kill the militants. With the death of many high up governmental officials, Suvurnia was thrown into turmoil. A period of leftist violence followed over the next few days as PPN fighters, encouraged by the attack's success, attempted to seize power. Only intervention by a multinational force consisting of soldiers from Dormill and Stiura, Ainslie and Samudera was able to pacify the violence, as an interim regime took up the reigns of power. This interim regime was headed by the former Diplomatic Secretary Abdulhemid, whose beliefs lay firmly within the "United Tanahair" movement. Believing that the violence showed that Suvurnia alone was too small to remain an independent nation, he called upon the government of Samudera in the hopes of beginning a unification. The Samuderans accepted the proposal and negotiations began to form a state that would be called the Union of Sanggar.

UNION OF SANGGAR HERE


General Bestari Che Jaadallah,
June 25, 1966
With Samudera falling to communist revolutionaries, the Union of Sanggar had become a rump state surviving only on Kepan, Gawai, Dulung and several other islands historically part of Suvurnia. On the eighth of November, the flag of Sanggar was lowered for the last time in Union Square, to be replaced by the pre-union flag of Suvurnia. Union Square was renamed Republic Square, while the parliament buildings regained their pre-union prominence. The newly declared Republic of Suvurnia adopted its old constitution, and at first was led by the Provincial Governor Sofyan Batang of the United Sanggaric People's Congress. Emboldened by their successes in Samudera, leftist guerillas began to increase their activity to try and depose the weakened central government. Members of the Communist Party of Suvurnia under Constantin Shahir organised a mass strike among workers in the textile and tea-growing industries, preaching of a coming liberation. Students began to publich publications calling for a revolution and labelled Suvurnia as the ideal catalyst for leftism, with its class divides and large amount of industrialised proletariat. The violence extended to Dulung, where a local militia known as the Mene ni Aramas Mwahl (Dulungese for Power to the Common People) razed crop fields and burned the houses of many landowners. The Suvurnian military were able to suppress these riots, but public pressure was mounting on the government. Sofyan Batang, himself a leftist, was softer on the protestors than much of the population desired. After the June 3rd bombings in 1966, where a mosque was bombed by communist militants in Gawai, he called for calm and in a speech offered reconciliation and negotiation with the communists in the hope that this would restore peace. This angered the Muslim community, who felt that a harsher response was needed. These beliefs were shared by the armed forces, especially by one figue in particular. General Bestari Che Jaadallah, commander of the armed forces, was a devout Muslim who had lost his brother in a firefight against the communists and would not forgive them for it. He organised a coup with like-minded military officers, which was executed in the morning of the 29th of June.

Geography


Suvurnia's skyline from Gawai, with
mount Nagahijau in the background

Suvurnia is a chain of volcanic islands, located within the Fitriana Straight between Samudera and BLANK. There are over 50 islands in the chain, and the largest island in the chain is Mentari Island with a land area of 1,963 square kilometres. Most of Suvurnia’s geography is shaped by the volcanos that formed the chain, most notably Mount Nagahijau in the southwest of Mentari Island. Mount Nagahijau and the surrounding hills make up around a third of the nation's land area, with 80% of the rest being highly dense urban areas. Mount Nagahijau was an active volcano until the late 17th century, when a large eruption destroyed much of the island’s forests and settlements. This eruption also destroyed much of the volcano itself, as it shrunk by approximately 100 metres though this figure is based off possibly inaccurate historical records. The nation's urban development is mainly concentrated on the two biggest islands in the chain, Mentira island and Gawai island. While Mentira island maintains some green areas of rainforest, Gawai island is completely urbanized save for it's renowned beaches.

The Suvurnian Haze

The climate of Suvurnia is warm and humid, described as a Humid Subtropical climate by the Köppen classification. Summers are very hot and humid, with thunderstorms and typhoons common as warm air from the surrounding Fitriana strait meets air cooled by the landmasses of Gael. The winter is cooler but still mild by international comparison, with temperatures rarely dropping below 12° Celcius. Snowfall is extremely rare, usually only occurring on mount Nagahijau, though climate change influenced cold snaps have meant that snow fell in downtown Suvurnia in the winter of 2016. The highest recorded temperature in Suvurnia was 41.2° Celsius, recorded on the 3rd of July 2017. The coldest in downtown Suvurnia was -0.6° Celsius on the 21st of January 2016, but temperatures as low as -6° Celsius have been recorded at the top of mount Nagahijau.

The environment of Suvurnia is quite varied. Most of the nation suffers from pollution due to the large amounts of vehicles that clog the roads, and on Gawai island the smog from the small industrial sector also contributes to a phenomenon known as the “Suvurnian Haze”. This is a light layer of smog that blankets the city, compounded by the tall buildings and geography of the two main islands. Air quality is varied, ranging from the unhealthy levels in Asah to high quality in southern Mentira. Discarded rubbish is also a problem, with large amounts of litter affecting several downtown areas. Despite its reputation for smog and pollution, the Suvurnian government has begun several green initiatives aimed at cutting down emissions and litter such as fines and public humiliation for littering and by pledging to replace diesel busses with electronic busses by 2019.



Map of Suvurnia

Demographics

Population
As of 2015, the population was 2,392,742 but an estimate in late 2017 claimed the population was over 2.6 million. Of these 85% were born in Suvurnia, with the rest being foreign workers or expats. If non residents were counted in this total, nearly 38% would be foreign born. The population of Suvurnia is one of the youngest and fastest growing in the Western Isles. The median age of Suvurnian citizens according to the 2015 census was 24, and the mean age was 27. This age has remained stable, as though life expectancy has gone up so has the amounts of children born. The average Suvurnian family has 4 children, higher than many other countries. Suvurnia is one of the most highly urbanized nations in the region, with almost all of the population living within the confines of the Suvurnia metropolitan area. The population density of Suvurnia is one of the highest in the region, at 1,207 people per square kilometer. There are fears that as this population climbs overpopulation will soar, as housing is already expensive. 87% of Suvurnians own their own homes, but this number is slowly shrinking as the population increases and the government is forced to build more housing flats.

Language
The official language of Suvurnia is Sanggaric, spoken as a first language by 83% of the native population and as a second language by the rest of the native population. Sanggaric was brought to the island chain by the Sanggaric settlers who arrived in the early eighteenth century and was used by the settlers as a day to day language and by traders as an economic language. Sanggaric is the official language of instruction in state schools, the official language of government, and is the most widely used language in domestic media. The second most widely spoken language in Suvurnia is Ahnslen, which is spoken as a first language by only 11% of the nation’s population but is spoken by around 50% of the nation as a second language. Ahnslen is widely learnt in schools as it is seen as a valuable language for trade with Ainslie, a regional economic power. It is the language of instruction in some international schools. Cantonese Chinese is the third largest language, spoken as either a first or second language by around 20% of the population. This is largely centred on the Chinese minority, who see the Cantonese language as part of their heritage. It is not widely taught at schools, and is instead learnt within the community. It is especially prevalent among the elderly in the Chinese community and many Chinese families speak Cantonese at home but Sanggaric with their friends and colleagues.

Religion


Qaswar Mosque, the largest in Suvurnia

The majority religion in Suvurnia is Islam, particularly Sunni Islam which is practiced by 71% of the population. Islam came to Suvurnia in the thirteenth century AD when muslim traders from Tumania in modern day Bhikkustan moved to the island and began trading with the Ipachi natives. After the eruption of mount Nagahijau in the seventeenth century Islam almost disappeared as the survivors fled to new lands, not returning for around 50 years. In this time, Sanggaric settlers from Samudera had settled the island and Islam had been superseded by Hinduism and traditional animism. Islam returned to Suvurnia in the 1730s after the rise of the Hanafi jurist and theologian Hajj Bayezid Mehmetoğlu. Abdul-Mu’id gained fame as a teacher, preaching and converting the Sultan of Kepan to Islam. Over the next fifty years a combination of state policy and aggressive proselytizing resulted in the conversion of the majority of the island to Islam. Since then Islam has been the dominant religion on the island, despite the small rise of Whindism during the Ahnslen occupation.

Islam is the nominally the official religion of Suvurnia, though religious freedom is guaranteed by the constitution. The current ruling party, the Islamic Revival Congress, have stated publicly that they aim to make Islam more prominent in government policy and have proposed mandating the Hijab for female residents and foreigners. There is already a national modesty law, which requires both men and women to dress modestly by covering the LinkAwrah, although non-muslim women are allowed to leave their arms below the elbow, legs below the knee and head uncovered. A fine of 500 ringgit (approximately $20) is the punishment for violation of this law. There are also Shariah Courts based upon the Hanafi Madhab that can be used when both the perpetrator and victim of a crime are muslim. The LinkAdhan is widely heard around the nation, with laws requiring that it can be heard in every street in the nation.

Other religions with widespread followers in Suvurnia include Catholicism, with 17% of the population. Catholicism was brought to the isles by the Dormill and Stiuran colonial regime, who built cathedrals and conducted several proselytization campaigns. The Catholic church has remained relevant in modern day Suvurnia as they have been essential in conducting new trade relations with other nations in the region. The Suvurnian Catholic Church is under the eccelestial juristriction of the Primate of Saint-Georges, with the main cathedral being Notre Dame des Îles in Saint-Georges. The Catholic church maintains a small influence in Suvurnian politics, with its followers forming a key part of the Kongres Aksi Rakyat voter base. There is also a small minority of Whindist Christians with 5% of the population, who are mainly recent immigrants from Ainslie and Samudera. 2% of the population are Shia muslims, mainly concentrated among the small Azerbaijani community, while atheism/other makes up the last 5% of the population.

Ethnicity
The majority ethnicity in Suvurnia is Sanggaric, the settlers to the island chain who first settled the island in the eighteenth century after the eruption of mount Nagahijau in the late 17th century. In the 2015 census, 69% of the population identified themselves as Sanggaric. Sanggaric Suvurnians are often considered to be the natives to the island chain as they have the longest continuous residence on the islands. The second largest race is Cantonese. Cantonese people first arrived as traders when the islands’ significance was realised and have since then been a growing minority. The Cantonese population is mainly concentrated in Xihang, nicknamed Chinatown because of its Cantonese population. Cantonese Suvurnians often report discrimination by both Sanggaric and White employers, this is usually due to the stereotype that they are poor and lawless which arose during the great depression when Xihang was dominated by cartels. In the 2015 census, 16% of Suvurnians identified themselves as Cantonese. The third main ethnicity is a broader category, White. This mainly refers to Dormill and Stiuran settlers whose families have remained in the country, but there also large amounts of Ahnseln and other nationalities present. Most of these people are either expats or people on temporary work placements and typically hold dual citizenship. There is also a sizeable (1.7%) minority of Azeris, who came to the country in the aftermath of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. The Azeri minority is mainly located in the district of Buyukpazar in the old turkish area. They came to Suvurnia as part of a refugee resettlement program which involved Azerbaijan shipping quantities of older soviet weaponry to Suvurnia in return for taking a large amount of refugees as the Azeri government were unable to supprt them at the end of the war.

Suvurnia has a largely immigrant based population, with almost 26% of the population born in other nations. This takes into account the large population of illegal migrant workers, who leave nations such as Bhikkustan and Samudera in an attempt to gain better work. Most work in almost slavelike conditions in slums and this population is unknown as very little data is collected on it. There are also large expat communities in the wealthier suburbs.

Largest Administrative Districts

Rank

Sector

Population

1

Candrapura

CITY1POPULATION

2

Muaro

CITY2POPULATION

3

Katinggi

CITY3POPULATION

4

Bihur

CITY4POPULATION

5

CITY5

CITY5POPULATION

6

CITY6

CITY6POPULATION

7

CITY7

CITY7POPULATION

8

CITY8

CITY8POPULATION

9

CITY9

CITY9POPULATION

10

CITY10

CITY10POPULATION

CITY10STATE

Government


President Fitri Nasrallah

Suvurnia is a Parliamentary Republic with a presidential system. As it is a unitary state, power is vested solely in the centrak government and local district councils have very little administrative power. The President is the head of state, head of government, head of the Republican Armed Forces of Suvurnia and directs domestic and foreign policy. They are required to select a cabinet of ministers from the parties of the ruling coalition and independents, and are limited by a term limit of two seven year terms. The current President is Fitri Nasrallah of the Islamic Revival Party. Suvurnian politics are broadly divided into two groups, the islamists and the secularists. This sets Suvurnia apart from other nations in the isles, whose politics centre around the traditional left vs right conflict.

On the Islamic side is the Islamic Unity Front, a big tent coalition of Islamic parties that range from the conservative Islamic Revival Front to the moderate Islamic People's Party and even the shia Zulfiqar party. The IUF has been successful in recent years due to it message of unity and it's ability to remain together combined with a surge in anti-secularism following the revelations of corruption among KAR ministers. The colour of the IUF is black, and they control 67 seats in the senate, a slim majority. The islamists appeal to the conservative Sanggaric population and are all right wing parties. They do not use French despite its designation as an official language, seeing it as a symbol of oppression.

The secular wing has not been able to replicate the unity of the islamists, instead being divided into several parties. The largest of these is the Kongres Akisi Rakyat, (Congrès de l'Action Populaire/ Popular Action Congress), a big tent and centrist political party that dominated politics post-democratic reforms but which has declined after party leaders were arrested on corruption charges. The KAR have 45 seats in Senate , making them the second biggest party. Other secular parties include le Parti de la République (the Party of the Republic) , a centrist and pro western political party centred around the Dormill and Stiuran minority who hold nine seats, Tanah Merah (Red dawn), a revolutionary socialist party that is shunned by all other parties who hold 4 seats in the senate, Le Parti Libérale de Sanggar-Kepanie (Liberal party of Suvurnia) who hold 3 seats and le Parti Vert (The green party) who are a pro environmental party and hold two seats. The secularists often appeal to non muslim minorities such as the Dormill and Stiuran.

The highest representative body in the nation is the Republican Council. It functions as the legislative body of the republic, passing bills and monitoring the executive branch. The Republican Council is able to impeach the president with a two-thirds majority. The Republican Council is Unicameral, with 125 seats which are all elected based on proportional representation in elections. The largest party in the Republican Council is the Islamic Unity front, who hold a slim majority with 67 seats.

Foreign Relations and Military

Suvurnia's regional influence is very small, categorised by international relations scholars as a small power. Due to this Suvurnia is often influenced by its neighbours, in particular Samudera. Much of its international dealings are based around economic growth, trying to gain economic influence as it's political and military influence is very limited.

Ever since its independence, Suvurnia has been dedicated to diplomacy. Diplomatic solution to problems is deemed an essential priority to the nation, as it's small size and trade based economy means that it would not survive a war with a larger nation. Suvurnia is a member of the League of the Western Isles. It shares close bilateral ties with Samudera, Ainslie and Torom, sharing a mutual defensive pact with @Blank. In international dealings, Suvurnia takes a stance based loosely on moral Realpolitik, focussing on agreements and stances that benefit the nation over trying to help other nations. The moral aspect comes from Suvurnia’s close ties with the Islamic world and with Samudera, a nation it shares many cultural ties with. Suvurnia has condemned the regime in Charbagnia but still maintains low levels of trade with the nation, and likewise with New Aapelistan.

The Suvurnian Republican Armed Forces are the national military and are comprised of three branches, the Suvurnian Republican Army, Suvurnian Republican Navy and the Suvurnian Republican Air Force. It is arguably one of the most elite and well equipped militaries in the region, with up to date equipment and a well trained but small standing army. As the military is defined in the constitution as the upholder of the republic there is a policy of national conscription for males over the age of 18. Suvurnia spends 3.2% of its national GDP on the military, and buys most of its equipment from Miklania, Dormill and Stiura, and Bravo Rio.

The Suvurnian Republican Armed Forces were founded upon independence from Ainslie in 1952. At the time, they were composed of three infantry regiments, an artillery regiment and a small fleet of two corvettes and an aging frigate. With help from Ainslie and ---, the NRAF began to modernise their army quickly. They adopted a doctrine of total warfare, as in any conflict the entire population would have to be involved for Suvurnia to have any chance of success. This involves three principles, mass involvement, mass loyalty and mass unity. Mass involvement is based around the mandatory conscription, so in the event of a war there is a large amount of trained individuals able to be mobilised quickly. Mass loyalty is manifested in the large amounts of patriotism that is shown in Suvurnia, with a flag culture similar to the USA. The idea behind this is to keep the people of Suvurnia loyal to their country and willing to fight for it. The final principle is mass unity. This refers to community spirit and helping each other work together as resources will become scarce and the community will have to work together. This is done through initiatives such as communal gardens and posters encouraging empathy throughout the nation.

Suvurnia maintains 8,000 soldiers on active duty, with 11,000 active reserve and an estimated 30,000 ready to be called up on a few days notice. The army is highly mechanized, using APCs to provide help for the infantry, but has no heavy armour. There is some mobile artillery but the army is based around it's soldiers. The air force is small but modern, with fighter aircraft purchased from Miklania and a large helicopter fleet. The navy is large for the nation's size, with two frigates, seven corvettes, seven missile boats and numerous smaller craft.

Economy

Economic Indicators

Rank:
Currency: Suvurnian Ringgit
Fiscal Year: 1 April - 31 March


GDP (nominal): $77.8 Billion USD
GDP (nominal) per capita: $29,927 USD
Labor Force: 1,638,936
Unemployment: 5%

Suvurnia has a highly developed market economy, based historically on extended entrepôt trade and its spices, which were a valuable commodity. The Suvurnian economy is internationally regarded as one of the strongest for its size and it was the original “Eterna Tiger”, a label given due to its growth rate of between 6-11% which has been maintained since 1956. The Suvurnian economy has a reputation for its competitiveness, freedom, innovation and business friendliness. It constantly rates within the top five for market freedom in the region. However, the Suvurnian economy is affected by corruption, with government ministers often demanding bribes. This has not affected ease of business for the most part, instead allowing businesses to thrive by undermining legislations.

Suvurnia is a highly popular spot for investors. It has an AA credit rating, and attracts a lot of foreign investment because of its young and skilled workforce, location, low tax rates, developed infrastructure and low amount of corporate legislation. There are more than 5,000 foreign companies currently investing in Suvurnia, with foreign investment in all spheres of the Suvurnian economy. Suvurnia holds several free trade agreements with @nation1, @nation2 and @nation3. It is estimated that around 23% of the nation’s workforce are non-Suvurnians, with many foreign workers in high paying positions but also with large numbers of illegal migrants who take low paying jobs in sweatshops and construction.

The nation’s currency is the Suvurnian Ringgit, issued by the Central Bank of the Suvurnian Republic. The CBNR monitors monetary policy on behalf of the government, managing it's value according to interest rates. The current exchange rate for the Suvurnian Ringgit is 1 Ringgit to 0.04 US Dollars. This rate is more or less stable, though it fell to 0.017 at the height of the 2008 financial meltdown.

Culture

Due to its relative diversity and history of openness to other nations, the culture of Suvurnia is very diverse. At the declaration of Suvurnian independence in 1952, President Ali Serang stated that “our nation is like the garden of a great Raja, where many colours flourish in harmony to create a thing of great beauty”. The main cultures are South Sanggaric, Chinese and Ahseln, which maintain several traditions such as food, language, dance and traditional dress. There is also a small amount of ipachi culture, but as the ipachi natives were almost all killed off by the eruption of Nagahijau in the late 17th century this effect is minor. These cultural identities have come into contact with many others due to Suvurnia’s central role in trade in the region, resulting in a unique national culture. Many of these cultures have also been affected by the proliferation of religion, with Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity and Animism all being followed by Suvurnians. A

Although these different cultures are still separate and unique in many regards, there is a national cultural phenomenon called Trisila (three principles) which refers to faith, work and family, the three priorities of the average Suvurnian. Trisila is regarded as the nation’s founding value and is taught to children in schools. Officially, the Sanggaric language is the national language of Suvurnia and Sanggaric culture is stressed most heavily by the government, leading many primarily Chinese activists to protest against feared “ethnic standardization” by the government. Despite these fears, dates such as Chinese New Year are celebrated as national holidays.

Infrastructure

Owing to its small size and wealth, Suvurnia has very highly developed infrastructure. All of the roads are tarmacked and the majority are well maintained although potholes are common in the poorer areas. All streets are lit at night and most have at least one camera to watch for crime.


A taksi-bajay in Suvurnia

Public transport in Suvurnia is extremely diverse. There are numerous bus routes run by private companies, with the biggest being Rute Tercepat Bus (RTB). RTB is jointly public and private owned, maintains a 70% market share and are renowned for their efficiency and low fares. There is also the Suvurnia Metro, a large scale underground rail network. It is also jointly owned by the public sector and the private. There are four lines on the Metro, all operating from National Square Station, the Bihar-Gawai line, Port Gantra Line, Tanjong-Grobogan line and the Nagahijau-Sedayu line. The metro averages nearly one and a half million users daily, making it the most widespread transport system. The most iconic of transport systems in Suvurnia though is the Taksi-Bajay, a form of the auto-rickshaw that is widely used throughout the city. They originated as a cheap method of transport with low fares and low running costs, but with the advent of the Metro have become more of a tourist attraction than a viable method of transport. There are also taxis and motor taxis. Motor taxis, where the passenger rides on the back of a motorbike, are the cheapest and most used by natives. Moto-Taksi, as it is known in Sanggaric, is a highly popular career among the poorer areas as it requires low running costs. Moto-Taksi drivers are often political, and are known to take part in large rallies waving banners from their bikes while riding in convoy. Taxis are also available and can be very affordable, especially metered fares. The taxi market is largely run by triad gangs, who run unofficial taxi companies with steep flat fares in tourist hotspots.

Energy


An oil rig in the Fitriana Strait, run by SuvurOil

Due to its large reserves of Petroleum, Suvurnia is entirely energy independent. Suvurnia’s vast oil reserves are extracted by both foreign companies and the jointly run SuvurOil Company which is guaranteed first access to sites. SuvurOil is currently being investigated for corruption under the Darmawijayo government after it was revealed that Ali Darmawijayo, the brother of the President and NegaraOil’s CEO, had been receiving state funds and was given contracts in backroom deals. Suvurnia gains 80% of its power from oil, with the rest coming from solar and hydro power. There exists a small green movement in Suvurnia, but on the whole there is not a huge push to move towards renewable energy due to fears that jobs will be lost and that it will be expensive because of widespread disinformation by the oil industry.

Maps and emblem made by the amazing Samudera

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