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General information

Federal Republic of Nacrad

Nacrad



Motto: Valour, Honour, Liberty


Anthem: A Land Revered and Grand


Geographical Location of Metropolitan Nacrad and Kongsi
Geographical Location of the Overseas Territory of Cyrenica

Population

217,129,186

Capital and largest city

Riverfort



Official Language

English (Spoken & Written), Standard Written Chinese (Written only)

National Language

English

Recognised languages

English, Cantonese, Min, Hakka, Teochew, Formosa Austronesian Languages (FAL)

Demonym

Nacradian



Ethnic Groups

Nacradian (mixed-blood): 32%
Yue: 21%
Min: 12%
Hakka: 12%
Teochew: 9%
White: 3%
Black: 5%
Others: 6%



Religion

Christian (21%)

    Of which...
    43% Protestant
    31% Catholic
    17% Orthodox
    8% Other denominations


Buddhist (21%)
Chinese Folk Religions (19%)
Taoist (13%)
Confucianist (10%)
Muslim (Sunni) (2%)
Atheist (10%)
Others (4%)



Government

Semi-presidential Devolved Federal Republic under Representative Democracy

President

Matthew Smith

Prime Minister

Jonathan Stone

Legislature

Parliament

Upper House

Senate

Lower House

House of Representatives



Currency

Nacradian Dollar (NCD$/N$/$)

GDP (Nominal)

USD$4.60 trillion

GDP (Nominal) per capita

USD$21,295.67

GDP (PPP)

USD$10.82 trillion

GDP (PPP) per capita

USD$50,069.27

Gini

0.382 (Medium)

HDI

0.908 (Very High)



Time Zone

NST (GMT+8)

Calling Code

+8 (Asian Numbering Plan)

Drives on the

Right

ISO Code

ND

Internet LTD

.nd

The Federal Republic of Nacrad (Standard Written Chinese: 南德聯邦共和國) is a nation in South East Asia, consisting of 6 states, namely Hadrax, Formosa, Athery, Oswain, Chiuchow and Udrain, along with the Nacrad Capital Territories, of which all except Formosa are located on the mainland. The most populated state is Oswain, at 48 million inhabitants, while the biggest 3 cities are Riverfort, Portsville and Amoy, the national capital, capital of Oswain and capital of Udrain respectively. While the vast majority of Nacrad's population is located in East Asia, it controls a large swath of land in North Africa, almost as large as metropolitan Nacrad in terms of land area, albeit accounting for less than 1% (0.82%, to be exact), with only 1.3 million persons, while metropolitan Nacrad is home to 172 million persons at a density of 512.4 per square km.

Etymology



The etymology of Nacrad is considered lost to history. There are no less than 6 theories for Nacrad's name, however there are two prevailing hypotheses. The first one is that, after the British had landed and inquired what the land is named, a local who was asked pointed to a southern (naam) cave, which was particularly dark (hak), thus Naam hak, which was further corrupted into Nacrad.

Another hypothesis is that Nacrad is a corruption of an archaic Hakka or Min-nan insult, uttered by a local in discontent against the British.

However, neither of these prevailing hypotheses can explain the added d at the end, as this is not a reasonable sound to add, even considering consonant shifting.
History


Antiquity
The area of Nacrad is first thought to be inhabited since the Neolithic era, some 6,000 years ago. However, in 2015, stone tools coming from some 36,000 to 38,000 years ago via Carbon-14 dating.

Early Nacradian mainlanders were semi-coastal people who migrated in from the north with knowledge of rice cultivation. The southern clans set up Baakyuet (lit.: Hundred Yuet Peoples), while the northern ones set up Min. However, this state is quickly assimilated into Chu at around 300 BCE, while the other is assimilated into Qin at 214 BCE. The region was liberated under the Namyuet Kingdom (a predecessor state to modern-day Vietnam) after the Qin collapse, which was unsuccessfully attacked by the Han and Sui. The region would not come under the control of the Zhongyuan civilisations until the year 700 CE, when the Tang Dynasty took over this region.

European Dominion
The earliest European encounter came in 1578 with Captain Jake Cook from the UK. He set up a trading post in what is today West Kowloon Borough, naming it the Portsville Trading Post, some 40 years after the Portuguese In 1579, this trading post has across the Kowloon Peninsula and had clashed with the Ming authorities in what is today Kowloon City. After talks broke down, the British Navy attacked the Ming authorities, resulting in a resounding British victory and the establishment of Nacrad as a colony in what is today Oswain, Hadrax, Riverfort and Chiuchow.

In 1631, following further disagreements between Ming and the British colonists, war once again broke out over the Fukkien province, which would see a British victory that added the states of Udrain and Athery to the colony. During this period, the then-Colony of Nacrad was developed into a trade hub, a status it still enjoys to this day. The colony engaged in various clashes with Ming, until the French colonised the rest of Southern China in the early 1800s.

Independence War
In 1899, amidst instability in the region, the people in Nacrad had organised a rebellion. The Nacradian Revolutionary War was initiated when the United Kingdom unanimously increased territorial taxes and drastically reduced the price of local tea that was bought by the UK. The Territorial Council unanimously voted to declare independence from the UK on 20 May 1899, and used the local militia to oppose the British, following a mass disobedience movement by Portsville's dock workers, most notably dumping the tea into the harbour, which would be known as the Portsville Tea Party. On 1 December 1899, as the British were nearly driven out of Nacrad, the Provisional National Assembly adopted the Constitution (1899 Edition), which stipulated a unitary presidential state.

After the Siege of Amoy, where the British held out on the Island of Amoy for nearly one year, the British governor Thomas Mercer decided to surrender to the rebellion, handing over the entire territory to Nacrad in 1903.

Early Years
After the victory of 1903, however, Nacrad had been plagued by instability due mainly to the clashes between the Min, Yue and Hakka peoples, culminating in a civil war in 1907 to 1909 between the Min-majority north and Yue-majority south. After the Yue-majority victory, a new constitution which made Nacrad a federal state was pulmogated. To this date, there still exists occasional clashes between the Yue and Min peoples.

First and Second World Wars
Nacrad did not participate in the First World War in any meaningful capacity, as it at that time was not capable of expeditionary warfare. In the inter-war days, it had actively built its military following Japanese aggression.

On 12 June 1938, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese had declared war on Nacrad after its refusal of ceding the Kinmen Islands to Japanese Taiwan. Using Taiwan as a jumping-off point, the IJA and IJN swiftly took over the outlying islands of Nacrad and imposed a naval blockade, and in late 1938 captured the city of Amoy which lays on an island. However, the IJA met much resistance pushing out of the coastal fringe which it had captured, due to the various militias and guerilla forces. The front generally remained in a stalemate until 14 August 1948, when the US detonated a total of 3 atomic bombs over Japan. It was recognised in the war effort in the delay of the Japanese flanking of southern China. In light of this, Formosa was awarded to Nacrad in 1953, and was assimilated as a state.

Change to Semi-Presidentialism
Nacrad had remained a presidential federation for most of its existence. However, in 1975, the president had committed a self-coup, which was heavily opposed by the military. The military in turn removed him, and installed a Labour president in his place, pulmogating the current constitution.

Modern History
Nacrad has become a regional power, leading the Southeast Asian Treaty Organisation, and is a Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) of the US. Owing to its position, there has been many standoffs, both diplomatically and militarily, with the PRC, the latter claiming that most of SEATO up to the Mekong River is "Rightful Chinese Territory".

Due to conflicts with not only the PRC and Comintern, but also the Bund, containing mostly fascist states, Nacrad is active in the participation of proxy wars in order to counter these entities. The most severe of which is in Afghanistan.

In 2020, it entered war against its former northern neighbour, Kongsi. It also participated in the Second Carthagean War, on the side of the US and New carthagea, which has resulted in the domination of Nacrad over Kongsi and northeastern Libya.
Geography



Located on the coast facing the South Sea (also known as the South China Sea), Nacrad has more than 10,000 km of coastline. The Leoichow Peninsula is the southernmost landmass of Nacrad, and that of Hadrax, the state it is in. There are several inactive volcanoes in mainland Nacrad, though semi-active volcanoes can be found on Formosa.

Nacrad is generally very hilly, verging on mountainous in the more inland parts of the country. The border between mainland Nacrad and other more northern countries is defined mostly by the Namleng (Southern Ridge) and Wuling (Wu Ridge) mountains. This leaves much of the land unfit for mass urban development, and pushes all urban activities to the river valleys, coastal islands and river deltas.

Speaking of which, Nacrad is mostly defined by rivers running through the country. The biggest metropolis in Nacrad is situated at the confluence of the Pearl and the East River, which in turn drains into the South Sea. In addition, smaller streams and rivers criss-cross in the country, owing to its high precipitation, these rivers rarely dry up.

Nacrad predominantly features a humid subtropical climate with monsoon influence (Koppen Cwa along the coast, Cfa inland), though the southernmost parts of the country may feature a tropical monsoon climate (Koppen Af). For the most part, Nacradians may expect a long, very hot and very humid summer, followed by a short, cool to cold and slightly damp winter. However, at times, the weather may be quite dry during autumn. Due to the moderating effect of the Pacific Ocean, temperatures above 40 C (104 F) or below 0 C (32 F) are rare. The lowest temperature recorded in the coastal urban area is -3 C (26.6 F) while the highest is 43 C (109.4 F). The lowest recorded anywhere in Nacrad is -16.6 C (2.12 F) and the highest is 44 C (111.2 F).

Averages and extremes for Riverfort Observatory (averages 1972-2020; extremes 1965-2020)

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Yearly

Record High C

27.8

29.1

30.2

33.5

36.4

39.2

40.1

40.2

38.8

36.2

32.2

30.0

43.2

Average High C

14.6

18.9

24.9

27.2

30.1

33.2

34.9

36.2

33.2

27.6

24.2

20.0

27.1

Daily Mean C

12.2

17.2

22.0

24.6

27.6

30.0

33.2

34.9

31.2

25.2

20.3

16.2

22.9

Average Low C

9.7

13.5

19.7

20.2

25.6

28.9

30.1

31.4

29.3

22.1

17.9

14.6

21.9

Record Low C

-1.2

0.9

11.2

15.2

14.1

16.9

17.1

15.9

9.1

8.4

4.5

0.4

-1.2

Average Relative Humidity %RH

72

89

91

93

83

76

74

79

73

75

71

67

78.6

Average Monthly Rainfall mm

19.1

23.1

54.2

146.3

345.9

356.2

409.1

400.0

327.6

98.1

37.6

20.8

2,238.0

Monthly Average Rainy Days

4.3

9.0

11.2

13.5

18.9

19.2

19.9

19.7

16.4

7.4

5.1

4.9

146.5

Monthly Sunshine Hours

143.0

91.2

81.2

101.3

143.2

149.1

216.0

188.9

187.2

198.9

178.1

176.2

1,854.3

Demographic


Nacrad, despite its small size, is home to over 170 million inhabitants. As flat land is hard to come by, a vast majority of the inhabitants are forced to live very densely in the coastal plains or in river valleys. This has led to the growth of megacities, the biggest of which being the Pearl River Delta Megalopolis, which contains Riverfort, Portsville, Buddha's Hill, Shekki, Tungkun and a handful more minor towns. Housing 51.1 million residents at this moment, it has taken the title to become the biggest metropolitan area in the world, surpassing the Greater Tokyo Area by more than 10 million inhabitants. The population is highly diverse, as the Min, Yue, Hakka and people of other ethnicities co-exist, the dominant ethnicity being Nacradian, a mixed-blood ethnicity between the various local Sinitic peoples and the European colonisers.

Cities with Population Above 1 Million

Rank

City

Metro area population

State

/

Pearl River Delta Metropolis

51,103,430 [Incl. Riverfort, Portsville, Tungkun, Fatshan, etc]

NCT, Oswain, Hadrax

1

Riverfort

13,301,700

NCT

/

Greater Chiushan Metropolis

12,785,241 [Shantow, Yeungkong, Chiuchow]

Chiuchow, Oswain

2

Fatshan

9,933,407

NCT

/

Greater Taipei Metropolis

9,257,817 [Taipei, Keelung, Taoyuan]

Formosa

3

Portsville

8,317,265

Oswain

4

Tungkun

8,201,064

Oswain

5

Amoy

7,117,734

Udrain

6

Kaohsiung

6,107,034

Formosa

7

Shantow

5,391,028

Chiushan

8

Taipei

5,011,890

Formosa

9

Shekki

4,964,940

Hadrax

10

Nanchang

4,171,026

Kongsi

11

Foochow

3,107,095

Athery

12

Taichung

3,012,000

Formosa

13

Ningteh

2,821,755

Athery

14

Tsamkong

2,531,077

Hadrax

15

Waichow

2,377,000

Oswain

16

Ganzhou

1,972,183

Kongsi

17

Kongmoon

1,822,614

Hadrax

18

Chiuchow

1,796,201

Chiushan

19

Punyu

1,751,568

NCT

20

Wuchuan

1,576,320

Hadrax

21

Tainan

1,359,087

Formosa

22

Siukwan

1,347,030

Oswain

23

Shamchun

1,233,149

Oswain

24

Tsinkiang

1,172,827

Udrain

25

Tongha

1,127,166

Oswain

26

Putien

1,076,084

Udrain

27

Jiujiang

1,007,013

Kongsi

Religion

Nacrad's population believe in a wide variety of faiths, including buddhism, christianity, along with many folk religions, but none has an absolute majority. The plurality religion is Christianity, at 21.3%, and is closely followed by Buddhism at 20.7%. About 90% of Nacrad's population state that they adhere to a religious belief, though at the same time more than 50% claim that they do not regularly practice their faith.

It is worth noting that, despite incompatible belief systems, many of the country's Christians practice at least some facets of Taoist, Buddhist and/or Chinese Folk Religion beliefs, such as burning incense at home, grave-sweeping at LinkAncestors' Day and Double Ninth Festival, or may employ Feng Shui specialists to determine furniture placements, dates for marriages, etc.

Government


Nacrad is a devolved semi-presidential federal republic. It has a strict separation of powers, with the head of state as a different person than the head of government. The head of state, the President, is directly elected by IRV, and serves for 5 years, but may be re-elected 3 times in a row at most, meaning that a president can in theory serve for 20 years. The President is granted executive powers, handling foreign and military affairs.

The President does not hold sole executive powers. Every time a new President is elected, the Parliament will nominate a member to become Prime Minister, which the President may refuse once only and must resign if a dissatisfactory nominee is chosen for the second time. The Prime Minister, after being appointed, may only be dismissed if Parliament so consents. When the President nominates the five major Cabinet Ministers among the members of Parliament, the Prime Minister must also agree with the choices, and in case of cohabitation, the Prime Minister will take care of internal affairs. The Prime Minister will preside over all cabinet meetings, and may invite the President to be present, though he is under no obligation to do so.

The Parliament consists of two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate, the members serving also 5-year terms with no term limits. The House of Representatives consist of 750 seats, which will be elected by PR-list across the 25 constituencies in Nacrad, while the Senate has 35 seats, with 5 seats from each state including the Nacrad Capital Territories, which are typically filled by STV or IRV, though some states might still use FPTP.

Nacrad has a three-level governance system, as compared to the two-level system found in countries like the US. The top-level subdivision is known as a "State" or "Territory", and below this, in turn, are "Province" and "County" or "Borough". All land is governed under a county or borough, but there are subdivisions between each level, namely "Metropolitan Area" and "Urban Area". For a county, the county council may choose to designate an Urban Area, which establishes a City Council on parts of the County, that may levy city taxes, determine city policy, etc, being subordinate to the county. On the other hand, each Province (containing several Counties) may have a Metropolitan Area, ruled by a Metropolitan Council which lies in a governance level below that of a Province but above that of a County. A Metropolitan Area is made up of several Counties (named "Borough" in this context), headed by a Mayor, and may set policy independent of its province to a degree.

Foreign Relations
Nacrad is a regional power. It currently has cordial relationships with the US and EU, and has been a part of NATO since 1997. In addition, it is part of and co-founder of the Southeast Asian Treaty Organisation, an organisation between the RoC, Nacrad and other southeast Asian nations, and thus has cordial relations with. However, it has a bitter rivalry with the Comintern to the north, and the Bund to the west.

Economy


Nacrad's economy is prosperous. The biggest sectors of the Nacradian economy are tourism, financing, trade and shipbuilding. It currently has a GDP of 4.6 trillion USD, making it the 4th largest economy of the world, ahead of the UK, RoC and Germany, but just behind Japan. It has a prestigious automobile manufacturer, Pacific Automakers' Alliance (PAA), which competes with Hyundai, Nissan and Mitsubishi, while Whampoa Shipbuilding, Co. is considered one of the best in shipbuilding. Its ports also make up much of its economy, having relied on entrepot trade for long. It has enjoyed a period of massive economic growth from 1961 to 2003, known as the Miracle on the Pearl River, which saw the post-war Nacrad grow from being a moderately poor Asian state to the economic power it is today.

The richest state-level division is the Nacrad Capital Territories, with a per capita GDP of 31,109.17 USD, while the least wealthy is the Territory of Kongsi, with a low per capita GDP of only 3,169.25 USD, and the least wealthy division in Metropolitan Nacrad is Athery, at a per capita GDP of 16,233.29 USD. Kongsi, being occupied by a communist dictatorship until late 2020, had suffered from economic mismanagement until the deposing of the communist regime. Under Operation Hopeful Dawn, the per capita GDP of Kongsi is expected to reach at least 17,000 USD in 2031.

Its economy depends on foreign trade. It currently exports many high-tech products. Its ports are among the busiest in the world, with the Portsville Harbour, Whampoa Harbour and Amoy Harbour being the busiest, respectively the 5th, 7th and 13th busiest ports by TEUs, and the nation possesses 5 ports within the busiest 50. The nation, however, is highly reliant on the import of food, raw materials and fuel to sustain itself, as its massive population is unconducive to mass farming or mining.

In addition, Nacrad's economy also has a close relationship to maritime affairs. Nacrad is home to three of the top ten shipping companies, Oriental Overseas Container Line, Evergreen Marine and Yangming, respectively the 3rd, 7th and 8th largest container shipping companies. Nacrad alone is home to 12% of all container ships above 15,000 TEUs, and its companies are responsible for 35% of container traffic. One other major facet of Nacrad's economy is shipbuilding. It is home to one of the "big three" in shipbuilding, Whampoa Shipbuilding Co., who built two of the five largest ships.

In addition, its entertainment industry is also quite developed, as the local genre Cantopop and Cantorock has achieved worldwide popularity, alongside K-pop.

The Government is currently looking into expanding the high-tech industry, like computer parts, software, etc, and electric cars, in order to further boost its economy, and recover from the economic downturn brought about by Wuhan Pneumonia.

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