by Max Barry

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Demographics


DEMOGRAPHICS

Excerpts from various Government publications


Demographics is the scientific study of human population. It focuses its attention on three main phenomenon - changes in the population, composition of the population, and distribution of the population.


DEMOGRAPHIC CYCLE

Before we move into a discussion about the demographic trends in Mizialand, it would be prudent to discuss briefly the 5 stages of the demographic cycle:

Stage One: The High Stationary - high birth rate, high death rate, so population remains stable.

Stage Two: Early Expanding - death rate declines, birth rate unchanged

Stage Three: Late Expanding - death rate continues to decline, birth rate starts falling

Stage Four: Low Stationary - low birth rate and low death rate, population becomes stationary

Stage Five: Declining- Birth rate is lower than the death rate

Statistics Mizialand argues that in 1980-85, Mizialand had entered the Declining phase. Since 1991, following the relaxation of immigration policies and since 2004, following the admission into the Lorecian Community, the trend has reversed and Mizialand is now in Low Stationary stage. In 2018, the population growth rate was 0.3%, fueled by immigration.


DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS

These are divided into two parts - Population statistics which measure population size, sex ratio, density, and dependency ratio and Vital statistics which include birth rate, death rate, natural growth rate, life expectancy at birth, mortality, and fertility rate.


POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS 2012

While many countries still use individual census questionnaires successfully, in Mizialand the last complete enumeration was in 1992. Statistics Mizialand now conducts a register-based census. Not only does this use data already available to Statistics Mizialand, placing no burden on individuals, it is also a lot cheaper. The results are comparable with earlier Mizia censuses, and with the census results of other countries in the Lorecian Community.One of the factors that distinguish the 2012 Population and Housing Census from censuses conducted by other countries is that the former is a register based census unlike an enumeration like the latter. This has the following advantages:

Cost Effective: According to Statistics Mizialand, a traditional enumeration will cost the exchequer 120 million Mizia Euros while the register based census costs 2.5 million Mizia Euros.

Greater Participation: In an enumeration respondents may refuse response but a register based census is all encompassing.

Short Production Time: The preparations for the Census began in November 2010 and the data was released in December 2012. Statistics Mizialand plans to begin the preparations for the next census in January 2022 and release the data in February 2023, ending the process in 13 months.

The main disadvantage is a limited sampling size. However, according to Statistics Mizialand and the Right to Privacy Act, 1993, it is offset by the above mentioned advantages.


SEX RATIO

It is the ratio of males to females. A ratio above 1, e.g. 1.1, means there are 1.1 males for every 1 female (more males than females). A ratio below 1, e.g. 0.8, means there are 0.8 males for every 1 female (more females than males). A ratio of 1 means there are equal numbers of females and males. It is affected by three factors: differences in males and female mortality, sex specific migration, and sex ratio at birth.


POPULATION DENSITY

The population of Mizialand, according to Population and Housing Census 2012 is 28,345,901. The area is 119,024 sq. km.,which gives a density of 238 per sq. km. This population is not evenly distributed. The southern plains and central plateau are more populous than the northern and eastern mountainous regions of the country. Moreover, the three 'Special Economic Zones' constitute 47% of the country's population, with the St. Louis SEZ accounting for 15% of the country's population.

The Kingdom is highly urbanized with 88,45% of its population residing in urban areas.

The Kingdom of Mizialand

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