-Julien Bernard, Instructor, Institute of Police Services,
Mizialand’s crime rate, especially blue collar crime is the third lowest in Astyria, though it has marginally risen 1.4 in 2016 to 1.54 in 2018. According to the Orwell Orderliness Index, Mizia law enforcement is the 2nd best in Astyria.
The Mizia Police Service
In addition to police powers, the Mizia police service is responsible for border control, certain civil duties, coordinating search and rescue operations, counter-terrorism, highway patrolling, writ of execution, criminal investigation and prosecution.
The Police Service is under the Ministry of Justice. It is headquartered at the National Police Directorate, Heleventia. The Directorate is subdivided into the following units:
• Criminal Investigation
• Economic Crime Investigation
• Environmental Crime Investigation
• Immigration and Naturalization Office
• Highway Patrol
• Information and Technology
The Staatssicherheitsdienst was the secret police of the Kingdom established in 1912 to repress any opposition to Her Majesty. Its existence was formally acknowledged in 1978 and it was disbanded the following year to the satisfaction of Astyria officials.
The Municipality is basic division of the police. The number of police officers in each municipality depend upon the population of that municipality. The 2010 White Paper recommends a ratio of 1:150 “so that each officer gets to know every member of the ward”. In 2015 the average ratio was 1:187.
Functions and Jurisdiction
George Tucker, prominent lawyer comments,” The prime aim of the Mizia police force is social. They are intensively trained in this aspect and every thing else is secondary.” The police are decentralized and generalized to allow a more flexible resource allocation, while remaining under political control. This entails that police officers have no geographical or sector limitations to their powers. The police are required to assist other public institutions, including the healthcare authorities, and can be asked by other agencies to assist when it is necessary to enact a decision by force. The police are responsible for all responses against terrorism and sabotage unless Mizialand is under armed attack.
While these are traditionally the primary functions of the police, the 2010 White Paper on Mizia Police Services has laid down the following four principles that should “act as guiding light of Mizia police duties”:
• Harm Prevention
• Emergency Response
Harm Prevention: The White Paper emphasis the “existence of a strong social system that meets not only the material but also the social and the psychological needs of the people with enhanced horizontal and vertical integration across the sectors” and the “reduction of income inequality with fair and equitable distribution of the national income.” In this regard the emphasis of training the police is on identifying vulnerable individuals, especially from the lower strata and those with previous criminal history and refer them to trained and specialized social workers.
Emergency Response: Self Explanatory
Forensics: Following lapses in investigation of murder of a 16 year old teenager, Clarisse Coralie in 1995 the Supreme Court criticized the police for their “failure to adhere to standard operating procedures with regards to collection of evidence. Had such procedures been followed to the letter, with the advent of the Forensic Sciences, this would have been an open and shut case.” Since then great stress in laid on evidence collection and forensic investigation. By 2021, each municipality is required to have its own forensic unit.
Rehabilitation: Discussed under ‘Correctional Institutions’.
Training of police officers take place at Institute of Police Services. It is a three-year bachelor’s degree, in which the third year is the compulsory internship. The Institute has campuses in Heleventia, St. Louis, Dakota and Euskania. In 2017 the Institute received 5,690 applications for 2,119 seats. The Institute at its St. Louis campus also offers a three years’ masters programme in Police Science.