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The Federation of Milintia



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Motto: Every Man A King, Together


Population: 30,000,000


Capital: Soria
Largest City: Soria


Official Language: None



National Language: English


Demonym: Milintian

Government: LinkFederal Linkparliamentary republic
- Council President: Robert Barret


Legislature: Council
- Upper House: Higher Council
- Lower House: Lower Council


Establishment:
Treaty of Soria: 11 September 1977
Treaty of Raindale: 3 April 1986
Milintian Constitution: 18 November 1997


GDP (nominal): $1.5 trillion USD
GDP (nominal) per capita: $50,000 USD


Currency: Credit


Time Zone: MST


Drives on the: left


Calling code: +96


Internet TLD: .mn


Milintia

The Federation of Milintia, commonly called Milintia, is a Federal Republic in the Atlantic Continent. Occupying the Milintian Region in the northeast of the continent, Milintia has an estimated population of 30 million and comprises of 6 states and 1 territory.

Milintia has the world's 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income. The country ranks highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and civil liberties and political rights. Milintia is a member of the World Assembly, the Alliance of Free Peoples and the NationStates Free Trade Agreement.

Politically, the Federation of Milintia is a Linkmulti-party system dominated by the "broad church" left-wing Milintian People's Party and the conservative Milintian Conservative Party. However, a multitude of lesser parties exist with varying degrees of influence, and sometimes these lesser parties are able to elect officials who participate in the legislature. In the Milintian political system, the majority party in the Lower Council forms the government and the second-largest party leads the opposition. In the event that no party has a majority in the Lower Council, a President is elected by direct popular election using the Linkalternative vote method, who goes on to form a government with the backing of a coalition of parties.

With its sizeable military and large GDP, Milintia is able to project considerable power regionally, and has been classified by geopolitical analysts as a Linkmiddle power globally and a Linkregional power in the Atlantic.

Etymology

The name "Milintia" is believed to derive from the preamble of the Treaty of Soria, where the newly-confederated states called for a "union for the forgotten thousands in the world".

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Milintia is as a "Milintian."

History

Treaty of Soria (1977-1986)
The roots of what would eventually become the Federation of Milintia can be found in the Treaty of Soria. In 1977, after centuries of squabbling, disputes and warfare, both in trade and fighting, the six states of the Milintian Region - Acriopolia, Enterga, Kaliso, Kaeso, Theopolis and Mordonia - signed the Treaty of Soria, which created the Milintian Economic Union (MEU) and established a Linksingle market
and Linkcustoms union. They also signed the Joint Political Pact (JPP) for the purposes of mutual defence and dispute resolution.

Although it would later become a requirement for states seeking to become a signatory to one treaty having to sign the other, the MEU and JPP lacked a common court. Indeed, where the MEU had 140 legislators elected by the state parliaments, the JPP's common policy was for all member states' leaders to agree by unanimity on a common course of action. This would, at many points throughout the fledgling union's history, lead to a form of staggered gridlock where the MEU would agree on a common policy that affected both treaties by majority vote, but the JPP's leadership would be unable to agree on a common policy due to the actions of one leader disagreeing with the policy chosen. This eventually culminated in the Autumn Crisis in October 1985, where the state of Enterga laid claim to territory held by Mordonia and consistently vetoed the JPP's attempts at dispute resolution.

Treaty of Raindale (1986-1997)

In 1986, near the conclusion of the Autumn Crisis, diplomatic pressure from the other 5 nations forced Enterga to become a signatory of the Treaty of Raindale. Alongside reaffirming all of the provisions in the Treaty of Soria and JPP, the Treaty of Raindale consolidated the JPP and EMU into one body - the Milintian Confederation, overseen by the Milintian Diplomatic Court (MDC) and legislated by the Milintian Council. The Treaty of Raindale also established the Milintian Credit, managed by the Central Bank, as a valid currency and legal tender in all signatory states, although there was no push for it to replace the independent national currencies.

The first task of the MDC was to resolve the Autumn Crisis. With political tensions high between Enterga and the other states, the MDC ruled on a compromise deal that was authorised by the Council in a 81-59 vote; the land claimed would go to a Linkcondominium between Enterga and Mordonia, which would have peace overseen by the MDC and the armed forces of Kaeso and Acriopolia. Although neither state left the chamber happy, it seemed that the MDC had succeeded in ensuring the continuation of the Milintian Confederation before it had even left a mark.

In 1990, the Milintian Confederation established the Confederal Joint Union Response (CONJURE), the immediate precursor to the Milintian Federal Guard. It consisted of one Linkcorps of two Linkdivisions totaling 20,000 soldiers, each state contributing a volunteer force averaging around 3,000 soldiers. By 1993, it had assumed the role of policing the Entergan-Mordonian condominium from the armed forces of Kaeso and Acriopolia. Despite vehement opposition from the state of Theopolis, which preferred a rotating presidency, CONJURE was led by a Military Overseer appointed by the Council every 12 months.

Milintian Constitution (1997-present)

By 1996, Milintian unity was once again endangered as the state of Kaeso was questioning the apparent storming ahead of political union of the Confederation into a single country. To make affairs worse, disputes between Mordonia and Enterga over the condominium had erupted again, with both states calling upon the Confederation to make a final ruling. This chaotic state of affairs continued into 1997 until, on 18 November 1997, the leaders of all six states, speaking before the Council and MDC, announced the agreement of the Union Constitution and the dissolution of all six nations into a single federal parliamentary republic - the Federation of Milintia. Under this new constitution, the Council would be split into two chambers - a Lower Council, consisting of 700 Cllrs, 650 elected by constituency and 50 elected by party list, and a Higher Council selected by sortition - and would speak for the foreign policies of all six nations, as well as legislate on laws and matters that affect all six states. The Constitution also created a new Federal District from the former condominium, where the Federation would be headquartered in the city of Soria.

In 2000, to mark the new millennium, the first direct elections to the Lower Council of the Federation were held, resulting in an Internationalist Party majority, and the first allotments of Higher Council Officials were drawn. The first Council President - a 40-year-old stateswoman named Rachel Parlence - was elected in the first joint Council session.

Demographics

Population
According to the most recent census in 2015, the total population of the Federation of Milintia was around 30,000,000. The Federation's Office for Population Management National Population Projections indicated that, if current trends continue, the Federation's population would increase by 5 million within 10 years. This represents an average annual growth rate of 1.6%.

In 2010, 3.7 million people who lived in the Federation were born outside their resident country. This corresponds to 12.3% of the Milintian population. Of these, 1.2 million (4%) were born outside the Federation and 2.5 million (8.3%) were born in another Milintian state.

Language
There is no official language for the Federation of Milintia, however the most common language is English. Even though language policy is the responsibility of the states, the Federation promotes multilingualism among its citizens, with the most notable example being the Multilingual Payment Policy of the Education Department from January to September 2017. Under this policy, students who chose to study a foreign language at university-level starting in 2017 would receive a reduction in their student loans per year by 1/3, from $9000 to $6000.

Religion

Article 1 of the Constitution specifically forbids the Federation from promoting, or otherwise favouring, an official state religion. This includes forbidding tax-exemption status on religious buildings (except for those that refrain from political involvement) and persecuting an individual for their religious beliefs.

Race
According to the 2010 census, Milintians of European and other Caucasian descent are the dominant majority in Milintia, estimated at 80-85% of the total population. Historically, European immigrants had great influence over Milintian history, which resulted in the perception of Milintia as a Western country.

Largest Cities

Rank

City

Metro area population

State

1

Soria

2,500,000

Federal District

2

Kenningburn

2,250,000

Kaeso

3

Cantton

1,500,000

Kaliso

4

Dawnbourne

750,000

Enterga

5

Kenwall

730,000

Theopolis

6

Snowpoint

650,000

Mordonia

7

Grimhallow

630,000

Acriopolia

8

Minham

600,000

Kaeso

9

Ebonvale

550,000

Enterga

10

Slategate

500,000

Kaliso

Government

Milintian politics consists of three levels of government - a direct level, in which citizens can propose laws directly affecting either of the two levels, including the repeal or withdrawal of a proposed law, a state level - in which each of Milintia's 6 states enact laws and policies effective only in their jurisdiction, and a federal level - in which the Milintian legislature (the Council) enacts laws and policies on a nationwide scale, often overriding the state level unless stated otherwise. For ease of information, this article will detail only the federal level.

Organisation
Milintian politics at the federal level operates under a LinkParliamentary system, with an executive body headed by a Council President held accountable to a bicameral legislature collectively referred to as the Council. The Council consists of two chambers - a Lower Council of 700 Councilors (shortened to Cllrs) elected by the people directly, with 650 constituencies and 50 seats reserved for proportional allocation via the LinkD'Hondt Method, and a Higher Council of 350 High Officials (shortened to Offs) selected by Linksortition - 50 random citizens from each state. Unlike most parliamentary systems, both chambers are equal in power, although only the Lower Council has the ability to propose a Linkvote of no confidence in the Council President and only after the Higher Council has confirmed it does it pass.

Elections under Milintian law are held every 10 years, with an automatic vote of no confidence in the Council President proposed after 5 years. For this reason, Council Presidents are term limited to one term of 10 years or two terms of 5 years, with no possibility of re-election to any public office until 20 years after their terms have expired.

Executive Overseers
Although the responsibility and ultimate authority for the executive branch rests with the Council President, the Executive Branch, in its day-to-day running, consists of Overseers appointed by the Council in a joint session every 12 months. These Overseers are tasked with implementing laws affecting their relevant department and ensuring that their department is working efficiently and to a satisfactory level. Unlike the Council President, Overseers are most often elevated from the Civil Service instead of the Council, although there is no law stating that this is a requirement. Once appointed, Overseers can be called to either chamber to answer questions or even face dismissal, depending on the situation.

The Lower Council
The Lower Council is the lower house of the Milintian Council, consisting of 700 Councillors elected from 650 constituencies and a 50-Cllr party list. It is the only house capable of initiating a vote of no confidence in the Council President, although despite being otherwise equal in power to the Higher Council, it cannot dissolve the government until the Higher Council confirms the vote of no confidence.

The current composition of the Lower Council is as follows:
Milintian People's Party: 360 seats
Milintian Conservative Party: 287 seats
Milintian Unionist Party: 19 seats
Democratic Milintia Party: 14 seats
People's Party of Milintia: 9 seats
Democratic Party: 2 seats
Liberal Party: 8 seats

Federalist Party: 1 seat

The Higher Council
The Higher Council is the upper house of the Federation of Milintia. Chosen by sortition, it consists of 350 Officials - 50 randomly selected citizens from each state. As such, it is strictly nonpartisan, although Officials tend to form blocs based on their ideology.

The current composition of the Higher Council is:
Communists: 21 seats
Socialists: 63 seats
Social Democrats: 105 seats
Liberals: 42 seats
Conservative: 112 seats
Libertarians: 5 seats
Far-Right: 2 seats

The Council President
The Council President is the elected head of government of the Federation of Milintia. The Council President (sometimes referred to as President) and the Executive Overseers are collectively accountable to the Council. The current holder of the office is Robert Barret.

Responsibilities
The President is ultimately responsible for the actions and policies of the Executive branch of government, keeping the Overseers informed and in line, enacting Council legislation, and representing the Federation abroad. Any failings of the Executive branch of government ultimately fall upon the President, and can lead to dismissal by the Council and subsequent replacement or an election.

Election
The President is elected from the Lower Council in a joint session of the Lower and Higher Councils for a period of 10 years. 5 years into their term, an automatic vote of no confidence is called in the Lower Council - if both Councils vote in favour of the motion, then a fresh general election is called and a new President appointed.

Term Limits
As the highest governmental authority in the Federation, the Council President is limited to one term of 10 years or two terms of 5 years, chosen by the President at the start of their term. After service, the President is no longer permitted to run for political office in any form for 20 years.

Foreign Relations and Military

The Federation of Milintia is a member of the World Assembly and the NSFTA. It is currently seeking trade agreements with foreign nations, and invites all nations interested to contact the Executive Overseer for Foreign Affairs, Earl Endicott.

Military



Main articles: Milintian Federal Guard, Milintian Air Corps, Milintian Navy

The Milintian Federal Guard is the joint armed forces of the Federation. A consolidation of the armies of the 6 states, the Federal Guard utilises a varying range of tactics and uniforms among its regiments. The largest contributor to the Federal Guard is the state of Acriopolia, which has a statute that dedicates 80% of the State Military to the command of the Federal Guard.

Authority
While the Council is ultimately responsible for the Federal Guard's actions, practical oversight of the military rests with the Executive Defence Overseer. The Federal Guard has authority over local evacuation efforts, relief efforts and the defence of the Federation, alongside other matters that may be enacted by the Council such as war.

Personnel
The Federal Guard has been a volunteer force since its founding. Since there is a division between Federal and State militaries, state military affairs are not included in statistics involving the Federal Guard - the sole exception being Acriopolia. The size and structure of the Federal Guard is constantly evolving, and the Council publishes yearly personnel reports. In the last report, there were 90,250 trained regulars and 15,750 trained Reservists.

Economy

Economic Indicators

Rank: 13th
Currency: Milintian Credit
Fiscal Year: 1 June - 31 May


GDP (nominal): $1.5 trillion
GDP (nominal) per capita: $50,000
Labor Force: 15 million
Unemployment: 6%

Milintia is a wealthy country; it generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing. It has a market economy, a relatively high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty.

The Milintian Credit is the currency for the nation, including all six states.

Culture

Cultural co-operation between member states has been a concern of the Federation in recent years. Actions taken in the cultural area by the Federation include the Culture 2000 seven-year programme, the Milintian Cultural Month event, and orchestras such as the Milintian Youth Orchestra.

The Milintian Capital of Culture programme selects one or more cities every year to assist the cultural development of that city. 53 Federation cities have been part of this initiative up to 2020.

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