by Max Barry

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Politics in Langenia (Non-Canon; New Factbook WIP)

Flag of the Republican Party of Langenia

The ruling party of Langenia is the Republican Party of Langenia (RPL), who's ideology is Furianism: an ideology that emphasizes Hispanic nationalism/Panhispanism, conservative values, centre-rightism, a strong military, a realpolitik-based foreign policy, Roman Catholicism, and a successful economic system, which can be socialist or capitalist, depending on what is more beneficial. It is fundamentally anticommunist, but Langenia aligned with the Soviet Union during the Cold War because of necessity. However it is also against neoliberalism as it is suspicious of rampant consumerism. The governing body of the party is the Central Committee, which is led by the Political Bureau of the Republican Party of Langenia, or Politburo, the highest decision making body of the party (which is made up of the powerful people in the party and government). The Politburo's leaders, which are the party's leaders and the most powerful people in Langenia, are grouped in the Presidium of the Political Bureau of the Republican Party of Langenia. Subordinate to the Central Committee as well are the Central Policy Committee, which makes sure that party decisions are carried out and deals with internal problems and the Central Judicial Committee, which makes sure party rules are followed and deals with offenses. There are also five departments: the Propaganda and Information Department, which controls the party's newspaper, and party propaganda (it also carries out censorship in Langenia, though this is denied by the party and government), the Administrative and Organizational Department, which carries out the day to day party administration, considers party applications, works with party finances, etc., the Activities Department, which organizes party meetings, rallies, events, etc., the Youth Department, which supervises the party youth wing: the Nationalist Furian Revolutionary Youth League, and the Educational Department, which makes sure party members learn and know the party ideology. The party's leader is called the General Secretary of the Republican Party of Langenia. The Central Committee is elected at party meetings, which are called congresses. There are two other prominent parties in Langenian politics, the centrist People's Party, which has had a president from this party elected before, and the Nationalist Party, a far-right conservative party. These three parties make up the United Langenia Guardian coalition.

The government is divided into three branches (although Supreme Leader Furia dominates the political process), which are the executive branch: the President and the Grand State Council, the legislative branch: the Grand National Assembly (which serves to rubber-stamp decisions made by Supreme Leader Furia), and the judicial branch: the Grand Supreme Court (which only serves to support Supreme Leader Furia). Then there is the office of Supreme Leader of the Catholic Republic of Langenia, which does not fit into any of these categories. There are also government-owned companies, like the state media organized into the Langenian Central News Agency and Langenia Media Group, with its subsidiaries Langenia Central Television, Langenia National Radio, Langenian Radio International, and Langenian Printing Press. The national flag carrier airline parent company is AeroLangenia Group, and the airline itself is Aerolineas de Langenia or AeroLangenia, and the mining corporation is the Langenia Mining Corporation. The state's private military contractor company is the Eagle Group. The postal service is the Langenian National Postal Service, and the national space agency is the National Aerospace Agency. There are also various state-owned companies owned by the ministries.

Executive Branch: The President and the Grand State Council

The head of state of Langenia is the President of Langenia, Nicolas Furia, and his cabinet is called the Grand State Council, led by the Premier of Langenia, who is the head of government (thus Supreme Leader Furia's puppet, and, yes, head of state and head of government are two different things.) Unlike other countries the president is elected indirectly, with his being elected by the National Assembly, rather than people. According to the constitution, the President is also the military commander-in-chief. The cabinet ministers include the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of National Defense, the Minister of State Security, the Minister of Public Security and the Interior, the Minister of Public Health, the Minister of Education, the Minister of Transportation, the Minister of Labor, the Minister of Public Works and Infrastructure, the Minister of Finance and the Treasury, the Minister of Commerce and Trade, the Minister of Energy, the Minister of Ecology and the Environment, the Minister of Culture and Tourism, the Ministry of Justice, the Minister of Agriculture, and the Minister of Science and Technology. Also, there are different agencies that are subordinate to the some of the ministries, as well as state-owned companies owned by the ministries. In addition, there are councils of advisors to the President, such as the Security Council of Langenia, overseeing national security affairs.

Legislative branch: Grand National Assembly

The Grand National Assembly is the legislative branch of the Langenian government. It has 235 seats and a member of the GNA is called a deputy. The premier is also the President of the GNA. Also, it has the power to elect the president.

Judicial branch: Grand Supreme Court

The Grand Supreme Court is the judicial branch of the Langenian government. It is the highest court in the country. It has 20 seats and is divided into four chambers for different types of cases, with 5 judges each. A chamber leader is called the Chief Judge. The court's leader is called the Supreme Judge of the GSC.

Supreme Leader of the Catholic Republic of Langenia

The Supreme Leader is the absolute ultimate authority in the country and has absolute final say on any governmental decisions. He appoints political and military leaders, and has control over the armed forces, judiciary, state media, and many other things. Usually, the Supreme Leader also holds the post of President, the General Secretary, and Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the military. This term is popularly used for the power someone with these posts exercises, though the title is not official. The term was invented after foreign observers continued to observe how the holders of the aforementioned governmental positions, thus the most powerful people in Langenia, were referred to in this way by state media. His advisors are usually called the Presidium of Intellectuals, and his helpers are usually called the Council of Guardians, whose task is to report on current internal and external affairs. The Presidium of Intellectuals "selects" the Supreme Leader and can "remove" him/her, though the Supreme Leader can dismiss members of the Presidium and get rid of opponents. This ensures that the Presidium never exercises their power to remove the Supreme Leader. So far, there has only been a few Supreme Leaders, and the current one is Nicolas Furia. The Deputy Supreme Leader, appointed by the Supreme Leader, is considered the second-most powerful person in Langenia after the Supreme Leader himself. The current Deputy Supreme Leader, Ricardo Furia, Nicolas Furia's brother, is also the Vice President.

Incumbent: Supreme Leader and President of Langenia Nicolas Furia