by Max Barry

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The Halcyon Archipelago of
Democratic Socialists

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Overview

The Halcyon Archipelago of Ko-oren


Flag


Motto: The Dragonfly Nation



Location


Population: 27.270.096
-Density: 72 (/km sq)


Capitals: Gehrenna, Mayara, Maethoru, Senoren
Largest City: Greencaster


Official and National Languages: English, Dutch,
French, Japanese, Ko-Romance, Ko-Gaelic,
Tarrashall Ko-orenite, Standard Ko-orenite,
Yoshima Ko-orenite, Altiora Ko-orenite



Demonym: Ko-orenite

Government:
- President: Dersherun Lekleorisethun
- Vice President: Alastair Rutherford
- Speaker of the House: Aurélie Blanchard
- Chief Justice: Eiko Hayashiyama


Legislature:
- Upper House: Senate
- Lower House: Parliament


Land Area: 378.751,3 km²
Water %: 2,4


Elevation
Highest Point: Hazelberg, +2.736
Lowest Point: Intermare Basin, -12 m


GDP (nominal): 859.335.265.152
GDP (nominal) per capita: 31.512


Human Development Index (NS Version): 0.94313


Currency: Korona (KRK)


Time Zone: WAOT (Western Atlantian Oceanian Time)


Drives on the: right


Calling code: +144


Internet TLD: .kor

Ko-oren is an island nation in the northwest of Atlantian Oceania with a little over 27 million inhabitants. It consists of 12 subdivisions with various titles (State, Province, Oren, Prefecture, Shire, Department). Its largest cities are Greencaster, Willowbourne, Aminey, and Schemerdrecht, and nine more cities not much smaller than those. The role of capital city is shared by four cities (Gehrenna, Mayara, Maethoru, Senoren). The nation has many distinct biomes, caused by several geographical features (two mountain ranges, a large bay, and several seperate islands).

Historically, Ko-oren has always been in a somewhat isolated position in far northwestern Atlantian Oceania. Without many foreign influences, the nation's development started from the core of the Bay, in current-day Mayara Oren. Soon, other cities were founded along the coast of the Bay, setting up trade networks. More integration soon followed, and most of the mainland of Ko-oren could be seen as a unified people and nation. In the following centuries, separate kingdoms in Ko-oren's periphery joined for various reasons, and the rest of the nation's history went by without major struggles. Foreign trade brought in foreign languages and cultures that were woven seamlessly into some communities of Ko-oren, but these did not bring about large-scale changes. Several (internally motivated) changes of leadership and rewritten constitutions brings us to modern Ko-oren.

Socially and politically, the nation's focus on the environment, education and entertainment (tourism, cultural activities, sports) is clear. Ko-oren is a highly developed nation, though not per se a rich one. Its remote location has only recently allowed tourism and foreign trade on a large scale. Otherwise, the nation is scientifically advanced with many acclaimed universities and research facilities.

The archipelago is home to many languages, some of which are only spoken in Ko-oren (Classical, Tarrashall, Altiora and Yoshima Ko-orenite). Other languages were brought in from abroad (English, Dutch, French, Japanese). Two major languages were brought in from abroad, but the varieties spoken in Ko-oren do not closely resemble the foreign form anymore (Ko-Romance, Ko-Gaelic).

History

Given its location, Ko-oren has long been an isolated country. Among Atlantian Oceanian nations, it was not settled very late or early, though after the formation of states, Ko-oren was largely left to its own devices until advances in shipbuilding in the High Middle Ages. After this, Ko-oren has played an international role, above average in science and arts.

Typically, Ko-orenite history is divided into several eras:
- The land before man, era without humans (until 20,000 years ago)
- The pre-state, era of hunter-gatherers and early agriculture (20,000 years ago until 8,000 years ago)
- The four-cities kingdom, era of the early state, and early agriculture in Ko-oren's periphery (8,000 years ago until 4,000 years ago)
- The bay confederacy, era of early trade among bay city states, and first golden age in science and arts (4,000 years ago until 2,500 years ago)
- The peripheral mapping, era of the periphery catching up with the urban centres (2,500 years ago until 2,000 years ago)
- The first Ko-oren, era of unification, second golden age in science and arts (2,000 years ago until 1,500 years ago)
- The foreign influence, era of stagnation, foreign influx of language and culture (1,500 years ago until 1,000 years ago)
- The second Ko-oren, era of rebirth, a surge in science, arts, philosophy, statesmanship, following native and foreign ideas (1,000 years ago until 500 years ago)
- The emission, era of exportation, exploration, and independence of Ko-oren's periphery (500 years ago until 300 years ago)
- The silence before the storm, era of little improvement, stagnation, and crisis (300 years ago until 200 years ago)
- The industrial commonwealth, era of reunification, and a boom in population and science, closely followed by the arts, philosophy, etc (200 years ago until 100 years ago)
- The third Ko-oren, era of a state built on the philosophy of the previous Ko-oren's, and an era of international contribution (100 years ago until now)

Geography

Ko-oren is located in northwestern Atlantian Oceania, separated from Nothandryun Island by the Salamantic Sea. The Salamantic Sea completely surrounds the archipelago. It's closest neighbours are Southern northland, Maraque, Andossa se mitrin vega, Misrantis and the The Royal Kingdom of Quebec. Its remote location makes Ko-oren both the westernmost and northernmost nation of Atlantian Oceania.

The total land area of Ko-oren is 378.751,3 km², of which 2,4% is water. The nation consists of a few thousand islands, only about a hundred of which are inhabited. Among these are the main island (Ko-oren), the four eastern islands of Yoshima (Alara, Etena, Selesi, and Leleia) and the three northern islands of Aerellen (Aerellen, Altiora and Arboren). Most of the islands, however, are located on the west coast, as part of West Strand Riding and Mawryshire, with one main exception: the island of Burnet, which is fairly large and part of Surbourneshire. Most of these western islands are very small and uninhabited, with the main exception of Penstead island.

The archipelago contains three mountain ranges, all of which located on Ko-oren island. There is the northeastern range, which contains the tallest mountains, including Ko-oren's tallest, the Hazelberg. There is the central-western range, which covers the largest area due to the length of the range. The third and last is the southern range, the smallest and lowest of the three, also called the Amandine range. Conversely, Ko-oren is home to two large plains: Intermare, in the north, and the greater plains, in the central-south. The greater plains support about 40% of the entire population of Ko-oren, despite only making up 15% of the land area.

Due to the proximity of the mountain ranges to the coast, Ko-oren has no rivers with a length upwards of 300 kilometres, apart from three rivers that traverse the central-southern plains. Longest is the Gehrenna river, which flows through Idyllwild, Anarcourt, Linieux and Aminey, at 649 km. Second comes the Larkaruthen river, which flows through Willowbourne and Greencaster, at 612 km. Third is the Grainshire river, which flows through Maynard, Ansonville, Marinwood and Greencaster, at 608 km.

The natural disaster risk is moderately low in Ko-oren. Coastal areas in the west, especially Mawrystwyth, has very slight and infrequent flooding. Yoshima has infrequent (less than annual) tropical storms that may touch the eastern coasts of Selesi and Leleia island.

Climate

Ko-oren is home to different climates: the subtropical southeast (Cfa), temperate central-southern and central-western Ko-oren, including Intermare and Aerellen (Cfc), and the mountain ranges (ET). Some areas of Yoshima (southeast) qualify for a tropical climate (Am). There is a notable difference between the coastal areas and the inner greater plains, as well. Generally, the climate of regions surrounding the inner Bay are far more temperate than the areas on the outer coasts. The subdivision of Gehrenna, in central Ko-oren, because it is shielded by the long western mountain range, may even be semi-arid.

Overall, Ko-oren has a record high temperature of 42 degrees C, measured in eastern Selesi. The record low temperature is -38 degrees C, measured in the northern mountain range.

Demographics

In modern Ko-oren, 96% are of Ko-orenite descent. Out of the remaining 4%, about half are from other areas of Atlantian Oceania, the other half are from the rest of the multiverse. There are no easily distinguishable ethnic groups within that 4%, there are no other ancestries that contain more than 0,5% of the total population, or 12,5% of the remaining 4% of non-Ko-orenites.

While Ko-oren remains a popular destination for foreign students and other groups staying in the country for employment for several years, these people do not often stay in Ko-oren beyond their education or employment.

The urbanisation rate sits at 70%, living in 60 cities (settlements of populations over 50.000).

Largest Cities

Rank

City

Metro area population

State

1

Greencaster

2.272.508

Surbourneshire

2

Willowbourne

1.704.381

Mayara

3

Aminey

1.136.254

Côte Austral

4

Schemerdrecht

852.191

Intermare

5

Katashi

681.752

Yoshima

6

Maethoru

624.940

Gehrenna

7

Amillon

596.533

Côte Austral

8

Sterrenwolde

568.127

Intermare

9

Mayara

511.314

Gehrenna

10

Santa Teresa

454.502

Finisterre

11

Ferrovente

426.095

Finisterre

12

Gehrenna

397.689

Gehrenna

13

Senoren

378.753

Gehrenna

14

Mawrystwyth

369.283

Mawryshire

15

Furune

360.761

Yoshima

Ko-oren's population figures show a slight increase that is not expected to change drastically. The current 27 million should reach 35 million in the next 50 years. Even that should not impact the population density, which sits currently at 72 people per square kilometre. The population increase will most likely concentrate in the (60) cities, leaving currently uninhabited land to nature even with increasing population.

In terms of religion, most Ko-orenites follow a set of beliefs coming from old animism, now also incorporating beliefs from foreign religions: Christianity and Buddhism. Many of the traditions stemming from these religions have been interwoven so closely with public life, that to many people, religious importance has been lost and the tradition lives on by itself. This differs massively per person, however.

Language

The most important factor used to categorise Ko-oren's population, is a person's first language. In modern times, most people grow up learning two or three languages from birth, in which case, all of these languages are counted as a person's first language. The first division can be made by whether someone's first language is a foreign one, or a native tongue. All in all, there are 10 major languages, all spoken in specific areas, but increasingly with more overlap. All 10 languages are 'healthy', meaning that they are unlikely to die out within Ko-oren.

Languages by speakers

Rank

Language

Number of speakers

Family

1

English

15.890.032

Indo-European - Germanic

2

Dutch

5.245.016

Indo-European - Germanic

3

Classical Ko-orenite

4.840.635

Ko-orenic

4

French

4.176.889

Indo-European - Romance

5

Japanese

4.008.762

Japonic

6

Yoshima

3.608.762

Ko-orenic

7

Aerellen

3.040.635

Ko-orenic

8

Ko-Romance

1.804.381

Indo-European - Romance

9

Ko-Gaelic

1.336.254

Indo-European - Gaelic

10

Tarrashall

768.527

Ko-orenic

By a combination of geographic differences and language spread, 75% of the Ko-orenite population can be reached by using just English and Japanese. This number rises to 95% by adding French, Dutch and either Aerellen or Classical Ko-orenite.

Government

Related articles:
List of Ministries of Ko-oren
List of international organisations and treaties affiliated with Ko-oren

Ko-oren is a (semi-)meritocratic parliamentary republic with a unicameral, semi-presidential government. The constitution provides the balance between the meritocratic elements of government, and the democratically chosen parliament and Prime Minister. Ko-oren is also a unitary state in that the subdivisions of Ko-oren only have the few powers and responsibilities that the national government delegates to them.

The meritocratic ministries form the legislative branch, together with the parliament. The parliament does not have the power to make laws, however laws are only enacted once the parliament has
put them to a vote.

The ministries, in particular the ministers, form the executive branch. The judicial branch is made up of the Ko-orenite court system. The parliament also performs an auditory task (the auditory branch). Separation of powers is accomplished four-way, with a small overlap in duties and responsibilities.

The constitution of Ko-oren is frequently reviewed by a committee consisting of each of the four branches, ensuring that the meritocratic principles are protected, while also making sure that the extent of meritocracy is checked by parliament, in order to counter fraud.

Elections are held every four years, during which all members of parliament are elected. Since it does not matter which party or parties are largest and there is no cabinet to form, a Ko-orenite parliament normally consists of many different parties. The electoral system works with proportional representation. Seats are not tied to any geographical division.

Economy

Some part of Ko-oren's budget comes from foreign students who have returned to their original nations, repaying their student debt. Education is not particularly costly in Ko-oren, especially for people with the Ko-orenite nationality. Still, repaying student debt remains a slightly profitable 'industry'.

Culture

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