by Max Barry

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Foreign policy of Knootoss - (1) Multilateral

The foreign policy of Knootoss is decided upon by the government and enacted by the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Defence. The minister is assisted by a state-secretary of Federation Affairs and a state-secretary of Defence. A state-secretary of Foreign Economic Policy reports to the Ministry of Economic Affairs. There are three Knootian intelligence agencies: the Militaire en Buitenlandse Inlichtingendienst (MBI), which reports to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Defence, and the EIVD, which reports to the Deputy Minister of Foreign Economic Policy.

Foreign Policy Aims

The first strategic foreign policy objective of Knootoss is to protect the Knootian Federation. The second objective is to gain access to foreign markets, and to promote the interests of Knootian business abroad. As a country with a globally-oriented economy, Knootoss attaches great importance to a well-structured world order, and it promotes solving international problems on an international scale. The government is also eager to promote values to which Knootian society attaches great importance such as democracy, the free market and sentient rights.

The three main political parties of Knootoss have traditionally agreed on the strategic objectives of foreign policy, although they differ in their emphasis on different aspects of foreign policy. The social-liberal SLP has grown to be a proponent of Western Atlantic integration, wanting to provide 'regional leadership' and improve relations with it's neighbours. It is also an especially aggressive promoter of what foreigners have called 'libertarian imperialism'. It's foreign policy positions can be erratic, however, as these are often influenced by domestic political considerations. The conservative RCPK, on the other hand, emphasises VERITAS-based collective security and free trade agreements that do not 'rock the boat'. The green KGP has a more idealistic foreign policy, wanting to promote sentient rights and international cooperation on all levels.

World Assembly


World Assembly
representative
Rozemijn Reuvelkamp

World Assembly membership is highly controversial in Knootoss. The SLP and the KGP political parties are in favour of World Assembly membership, but the conservative RCPK is staunchly opposed. Knootoss was an early member of the United Nations, but left when a resolution imposed fishing quotas. Many Knootians consider the Assembly to be a nascent world government, and they have a tendency to see proposed resolutions in that framework. Whereas resolutions promoting sentient rights, free trade and security cooperation are generally popular, most Knootians disapprove of resolutions labelled by the World Assembly as "moral decency", "social justice" and "environmental" or which promote protectionist aims. A majority of Knootians also oppose resolutions which ban the use of military equipment. Resolutions that promote international security are mildly favoured, provided that they do not infringe on civil liberties. Resolutions that restrict gambling or gun ownership are generally met with hostility.

Prior to joining the World Assembly, Knootian diplomats wrote a Green Book. This 'Green Book' keeps track of Knootian positions on World Assembly resolutions, as well as issues with compliance. The Knootian voting record is sovereigntist, and World Assembly policies are closely aligned with those of the Antarctic Oasis. As the regional delegate for the Western Atlantic region, Knootoss will only endorse well-written resolutions which support it's policy aims. Knootoss has authored the Read the Resolution Act, Permit Male Circumcision and Extradition Rights. It successfully co-authored Reducing Problem Gambling and the Recognising Achievements Act and also co-sponsored World Assembly Postal Admin, which was defeated.

Multilateral Organisations

Name

Full name

Membership

Courtland

Verdrag van Courtland

Signatory

Oosterbeek

Verdrag van Oosterbeek

Signatory

UNOG

Oude Garde van de Verenigde Naties

Full member

IFC

Internationale Vrijheidscoalitie

Observer

KIST

Knootiaans Internationaal Stabiliteitspact

Defunct

MIDAS II

Martiaans Interplanetair Defensie en Veiligheids Verdrag

Defunct

UTP

Ur Handelsverdrag

Defunct

MAFTA

Martiaans Vrijhandelsverdrag

Defunct

HRC

Mensenrechtencommissie

Defunct

IMC

Internationale bemiddelings commissie

Defunct

GPU

Galactische Postunie

Defunct


Knootoss traditionally pursues its foreign policy largely within the framework of multilateral organisations. Knootoss was a founding member of the KIST and VERITAS and a senior member of UnAPS, SATO and the UTP, and as such has played an important part in promoting international trade and in pioneering closer ties between nations. Knootoss is usually happy to join multilateral treaties which further it's interests, or promote it's values.

During the Daatman Administration, the emphasis of Knootian foreign policy shifted from active multinational internationalism to a focus on increased regional cooperation. Knootoss promotes Western Atlantic regional political integration, as part of it's effort to promote regional coherence. It is a firm proponent of free trade, cultural and defence cooperation in the Western Atlantic. It has traditionally been more sceptical about legal entanglements that constrain it's freedom of action. Nevertheless, it is a signatory to the Treaty of Courtland. It resigned from the the Treaty of Lyeithen.

The Knootian constitution states that it is the duty of government to promote the international rule of law. Knootoss shall not be bound by treaty without prior approval of the Staten-General, except for those cases where law determines no such approval is necessary. If a treaty conflicts with the constitution, it has to be approved by a two thirds majority of the parliament.

By treaty legislative, administrative and judicial powers may be conferred on organisations established under international law. According to doctrine of treaty monism, treaties are in principle self-executing; no special transformation is needed by implementing special law, provided that the treaty is published. Laws can be tested against treaty norms and obligations. Knootian courts have however been very reluctant to do so, limiting this to cases where government has been left no freedom of policy at all by the treaty, or to severe formal and procedural defects. The case law is very complex and contradictory.

Knootoss is an economic aid donor, donating to various development aid programmes, both through the ministry of Economic Affairs and through private donations, in total amounting to about 0,6% of the GDP. The government co-funded the DNAC. Some nations have cynically described the reformed Knootian economic programme aid as being "either for geopolitical purposes, or extortions in exchange for trade concessions".

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