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16

Notes on the Ghesite Language (Eternally WIP)


Contents
Overview Grammar Lexicon Examples

[INSERT GREETING IN GHESITE HERE]


Overview

The Ghesite language is marked by front-heavy vowels and an abundance of fricatives, plosives, and approximates. It is often described as both guttural and smooth thanks to its use of obstructive sounds and unvoiced fricatives respectively.


Grammar

Phonetic Inventories

Vowels

Front

Central

Back

Close

i

ɨ, ʉ

ɯ, u

ɪ

Close-Mid

e

ɘ, ɵ

ɤ

TBA

Open-Mid

ɛ

ɜ

ʌ

ɐ

TBA

Open

a, ɶ

TBA

TBA

The Ghesite language alternates between being an OVS and an SVO language depending on context. For instance, in an objectless clause, the subject will be placed before the verb; however, in a clause with an object the object will be placed before the verb, which in turn is placed before the clause. For example, see the clause "Khadar esre", "the sparrow flies." The subject is here placed before the verb. However, in the clause "the sparrow sees the singer", this order is reversed, and the clause becomes: "Vhetedh erue Khadar", or "The singer is seen by the sparrow". As can be seen, object nouns are modified with the suffix -dh, indicating their position as an object; the exception to this is found in abstract nouns such as "esugh"- the similarity of the "dh" and "gh" digraphs means that the Ghesite language does not modify objects in the abstract grammatical class.


Lexicon

(Note that all nouns shown here are in the singular and all verbs the infinitive.)

Word

Class

Meaning

Pronunciation

Akhens

Noun

Battle/Conflict

ɐk-ɦɛns

Aphadh

Noun

Jewel

TBA

Ateghn

Noun

Great Friend/Bondmate

ɐ-ʈɛgn

Esugh

Noun

All/Everything

ɛ-sʉɠ

Khadar

Noun

Sparrow

kɦɐ-dɐɾ

Vashadh

Noun

Type of protecting wrap/tunic

TBA

Vhetar

Noun

Singer

TBA

Arah

Verb

To Cry/Shout

a-ɾɶ

Asrah/Esrah

Verb

To Fly

s-ɹɶ

Ejadah

Verb

To Nurture

TBA

Erah

Verb

To See

e-ɽə

Kesgah

Verb (Pej.)

To Copulate

TBA

Khauvah

Verb

To Weep

kɑ-vɶ

Khensyah

Verb

To Compete

TBA

Khiera/Khera

Verb

To Love

kie-ɽə

Patyah

Verb

To Sing Without Words, To Hum

pat-jɶ

Vhetyah

Verb

To Sing With Words

βɛt-jɶ

Ach

Exclamation

Expression of surprise

atʃ

It

Conjunction

And

it

TBA

TBA

TBA

TBA


Examples

The following are a number of example names, phrases, sentences, and passages translated to Ghesite. Do not consider this list exhaustive or entirely correct, as the language is currently heavily under-development and may experience grammatical or lexical changes at any time.

Names

Name

Meaning

Breakdown

Patyughin

He Who Sings Without Words

v. Patyah w/ male suffix -ghin

Akhens-Ari

She Who Gives the Battle-Cry

v. Arah w/ n. Akhens serving as pretitle and female suffix -ri/-dri

Aphadri

Woman of Peace

v. Aphans w/ female suffix -dri. Noun serves as descriptor here.

Khadusik

People of Khadus

n. Khadar w/ name-indicating suffix -us and group-identifier -ik

TBA

TBA

TBA

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