Radiant starbursts bloomed over Roshanna to the sound of cheers from soldiers and civilians alike,
the fireworks that night, October 15th, 1979, celebrating the end of five decades of civil war and the
ratification of a new state, the Kheshig Khanate, or Kheshiga as the international community later came to know it.
During first five years, the nascent khanate experimented with a few different civilian governmental institutions. Under the intense scrutiny of Khan Törtogul and a council of ex-insurgent warlords, provisional council in Ordosbaliq eventually led to the creation of a unicameral parliament ultimately subservient to the khan, with a series of legal provisions appearing to challenge and even surpass the monarch's supreme authority.
The Great Khural (Chagatai: Буйук Хурал: Farsi: ب گراند خورال), so named for the kurultai, the gathering of khans and chieftains in the bygone era of the Golden Horde, the Gokturk Khanate, and the Qara-Qitai, held its first session in the spring of 1984.
Procedure mandates how, when, and what sort of legislation the Great Khural may pass, yet all non-trivial bills require the khan's final approval. Veto power over any bill is the right of the monarch, but an official veto can be overturned if the Great Khural can come scrape together an unlikely ¾ majority.
[ ] Kheshig People's Party
[ ] National Coalition Party
[ ] Islamic Unity Party
[ ] Democratic Reform Party
[ ] Justice Party
[ ] Civil Alliance
[ ] Ecological Movement of Kheshiga
Leader: Yagur Tömöriin,
The first political party to register as parliamentary elections were opened in 1984, the Kheshig People's Party traces the organization's history to the beginning of the 1960s. The Eastern Confederacy (EOQK) had at long last established firm hold on territory previously People's Republic of Orhrusanna, including large, heavily urbanized areas. Until then, the nomadic rebels had held only rural villages, mountain hideouts, and the open steppe. Colonel Badar Orlav and Mönkhe Beg, men of vastly differing backgrounds with Badar being the son of a textile worker, always idolizing the history of his nation despite never once mounting a horse till after he was 40, and Mönkhe being the son of a clan leader and later trained by the CIA at the School of the Americas.
It is no secret that the Kheshig People's Party is the party of the khan and the wild steppe. The media and voting population both know, yet it is taboo to speak about that truth. When Mönkhe Beg was assassinated in 1991, everyone in Kheshiga recognized it as a direct challenge. The assassin, Das-Mir Chayan, belonged to the ultranationalist organization Bo'ri Ruhi, so the khan ordered strikes against clans affiliated with that organization. The resulting consolidation of the steppe clans beneath the khan solidified Törtogul's authority. Das-Mir died during interrogation. Mönkhe Beg's affiliation with Western intelligence agencies had long troubled Törtogul. His successors have suspected he was behind the assassination with Das-Mir being a patsy.
The party has support throughout the rural and working-class population. The Tengar Foundation and Nitartha Buddhist Fellowship, two Buddhist nonprofit organizations, and the An'ana Sülde Order, a Tengri educational fellowship, financially support the party.
Liberal Conservatism, Monarchy, Romantic Nationalism
Leader: Yulia Openysheva
Founded at Darkand's Hotel Chinggis in 1984 by Mayor Eshegen Shono & Major Cao Fengkai, a logicitics officer and opium smuggler. Family survived the pogroms of the Gunpowder Lama between 1935-1942.
Supported by the media in the valley. Seen as corporatists, suspected of foreign influenced, compromised by China, US, and UK.
The dominate party in defined in party by the state-aligned media by their perpetual opposition to the National Coalition Party, the People's Reform Party pushes for limiting the authority of the military and monarchists through ongoing incremental democratic reforms. The party is not without some significant successes, seen during the reign of Khan Enkhbat Dorjsuren and Khatun Temulun Özgul. Their popularity is notable in Osrushana and Varkaryas provinces, both far more densely populated than any other regions in the Khanate. The People's Reform Party receives substantial support from the combative liberal media tycoon, Ruslan Shahsavani.
Social Democracy, Secularism, Modernization, Big Tent, Reformist
Technocracy, Libertarianism, Neoliberalism
Leader: Mingian Buinta
Abzal Qahhor, Tashi Rinpache, and Bohdan Khanenko founded in 1988, reaction to KKP perceived weakness on conservative points, more internationalism, Anti-Chinese. Affiliate of the Grey Wolves. Timurids.
Boisterous and occasionally violent, the Veteran's Union Party is a conservative political party proposing an even stronger centralized state and increased benefits for military servicemen. They are, at times, an arm of the National Coalition Party, to strong arm and bully organizations political and commercial without the scandal falling back on the ruling party.
Statism, Social Conservatism, Pan-Turkic Nationalism
Leader: Mehdi Zeidvand
Begun by Asghar Issabeg, movement in Özkand in the early 90s, influenced by Pakistan. Rose in reaction to the threat of religion under secular rule. In 2004, rep Masoud Sharifi arrested. Repressed until 2015. Under charismatic rule of Ehsan Mousavi.
Faction within the union, "People are entitled to what their hands create." Central Asian Worker's Union.
From 1988 to 2003, the dry mountainous region in Khanate's southernmost province known as Qyzyltog had a special status as an autonomous Islamic region as part of a peaceful settlement negotiated by future Khatun Temulan with the mujahidin of the Jamiat-e Wahdat Islami. Taking advantage of American paranoia, Khan Enkhbat Dorjsuren destroyed that autonomous state in a civil conflict that lasted less than a year. The Islamic League rose out of the ashes of the Qyzyltog Autonomous Region seeking justice and representation in the government, hoping never again to be taken by surprise and humiliated.
Islamism, Social Nationalism, Islamic Democracy
Leader: Yuliya Nazarova.
Merger of five minor left parties. Universities, urban base, LGBTQ underground in Roshanna. Taking socialist leanings from KKP and extrapolated. Mansour Khadem and Yuliya Nazarova.
Democratic Socialism, LGBTQ Rights, Feminism
Leader: Katenka Shkuro
Regional Power, important block. Vitaly Dybenko, oligarch in arms manufacture and steel, jovial and portly. Katenka Shkuro, Cossack decent, a leader in the party, backed against the oligarchs, envornmentalism, moved by Patriarch Stefan II.
A radical party built through student protests and activism, the Tumed Patriot's Party stands for most progressive values, minority and LGBT rights, increasing social welfare programs, sustainable energy, and environments. Despite often speaking the contrary, in practice the TPP is not strongly opposed to centralized monarchical rule if enlightened and guided by concern for the people, thus supporting on occasion NCP legislation despite often partnering with the PRP.
Social Democracy, Left Nationalism, Environmentalism
Leader: Roman Radivilov
Fairly old, often out of power.
Green Politics, Anti-Corruption
[ ] Keshig Worker's Party
Leader: Tamerlan Molokov
[ ] Lesrotsik Party
Leader: Piotr Kolchak
Ideology: Russophile, Regional Separatism, Slavic Nationalism
[ ] Jamiat-e Tahrir
Leader: Jahan al-Kasbah
Ideology: Islamism, Anti-Communism, Anti-Westernization
[ ] Bo'ri Ruhi
Leader: Gughlug Nakhu
Ideology: Ultranationalism, Fascism, Sinophobia, Environmentalism, Homophobia
[ ] Free Volunteers
Leader: Gughlug Nakhu
Ideology: National Bolshevikism, Eurasianism, Ethnic Nationalism, Anti-Semitism
[ ] Agrarian Front
Leader: Urchin Zorig
[ ] Dasht-e Kyzyl
Leader: Urchin Zorig
Ideology: Anarcho-collectivism, Revolutionary Socialism