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The Kaiserreich of Imperium Germaniae (WIP)

The Kaiserreich of Imperium Germaniae


Flag


Motto: "Gott Mit Uns"



Location



Anthem
"Die Wacht Am Rhein"
Link

Population: 88 million
-Density:


Capital: Berlin
and Largest City


Official Language: German



National Language: Polish, Yiddish, French


Demonym: German

Government:
- Kaiser: Friedrich Wilhelm II Hohenzollern
- Reichskanzler: Sophia Hertz


Legislature:
- Upper House: Bundesrat
- Lower House: Reichstag


Establishment: 1871


Land Area: 208,826.26 mile²
468,787 km²


Elevation
Highest Point: Zugspitze (2,962 m)
Lowest Point: Neuendorf-Sachsenbande (-3.54 m)


GDP (nominal):
GDP (nominal) per capita:


Human Development Index (NS Version):


Currency: Deutschmark


Time Zone: UTC +1


Drives on the: Right


Calling code: +49


Internet TLD: .de


The Constitutional Monarchy of Imperium Germaniae

The Kaiserreich of Imperium Germaniae commonly called Imperium Germaniae, is a constitutional monarchy in Europe. It is bordered on the north by Denmark, on the south by Austria-Hungary and Switzerland, by the east by Poland and on the west by France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Imperium Germaniae covers 468,787 square kilometers and has has an estimated population of 88 million. Imperium Germaniae comprise of 26 states.

While on the winning side of World War 1, the German Empire faced economic turmoil and opposition towards the Kaisers government. With threats on all sides, the Kaiser proclaimed a new era and began forming a constitutional monarchy. In 1922, the new German Constitution was formed, creating Imperium Germaniae, under the leadership of Reichskanzler Konrad Adenauer. In time, Imperium Germaniae became a leader in Europe, with a strong economy and military to defend the cause of Democracy. Imperium Germaniae would later plant the roots for the European Union with the economic and military agreement known as Mitteleuropa.

Etymology

Imperium Germaniae is a play on "Imperium Germania" which translates to "German Government." Germania was the name give to the Germanic tribes in modern day Germany by Julius Caesar. In 1871, when the German people unified under Prussia they adopted the name Germany. Later, with the 1922 constitution, Germany became Latinized into Imperium Germaniae and stays this way today.

The standard way to refer to a citizen of Imperium Germaniae is as a "German" or "Germanic."

History

Note: This is highly abridged to focus on the relevant parts of how Imperium Germaniae became what it is today. For a detailed look into German history click Linkhere

Origins of the German Empire

The German People existed for many hundreds of thousands of years. Under Karl the Great (Charlemagne) the lands of modern day Germany, France, Italy, and the Benelux region. These lands split apart into West Francia, Lotharingia, East Francia, and Italy after Karl's death. East Francia would later form into the Holy Roman Empire under Otto I in 963. This massive entity would dominate the German speaking lands until 1806 when Napoleon Bonaparte dissolved it.

By 1806 Prussia became the dominate state in the German region. By 1871 Prussia was able to unite the German states and become the German Empire through the leadership of Reichskanzler Otto von Bismarck. Germany became a one of the strongest states in Europe and developed a colonial empire of their own. However, the onset of the Great War would test the strength of the German Empire.

The Great War

Germany allied Austria-Hungary and gave unconditional support for them with a so-called "blank-cheque." Soon, they found themselves in the middle of a two front war. Using the Schlieffen Plan on the Western Front, the Germans were able to swiftly advance close to Paris. However, both sides dug in and a stalemate arose.

On the Eastern Front, Germany had more success, pushing into Poland and beating back the Russians. However, Austria-Hungary became more of a liability than an asset and Germany was forced to divert resources to support them. Not only that, but the Lusitania had been sunk by a German U-Boat, and in order to keep the United States out of the War, Germany opted to restrict submarine warfare.

In 1916, Germany began large assaults against the French, including the brutal Link Battle of Verdun . Beginning in 1915, Germany used poison gas on the battle field, starting a deadly trend of gas warfare. The Eastern Front saw more success, with the Russians being pushed back. However, to gain support from the Poles, Germany promised an independent state for Poles made from Russian Territory. In March 1917, the Russian Government collapsed into a Provisional Government. This allowed them to sign the LinkTreaty of Brest-Litovsk ending the war in the East and establishing a system of client states out of former Russian territory, including Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, Lithuania, and the United Baltic duchy. These states would be the founding members of the Mitteleuropa agreement, an economic and military alliance led by the German Empire.

With the war in the East over, Germany began to focus its attention on the West. Using the newly formed Stormtroopers, and the extra manpower from the East, Germany was able to make small gains. Soon enough, with the French dealing with mutinies and riots, and Great Britain stretched thin, the Entente surrendered on May 2nd, 1919. The delegations from Germany, Austria-Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire met in Berlin to decide the fate of the Entente.

The Treaty of Berlin

The Treaty of Berlin would be signed on December 25th, 1919, and involved server punishments for the Entente. Under the terms, Belgium would be made into a client state under Germany and France would be forced to demilitarize Franche-Comte and Lorraine. France would also give up all claims to Alsace-Lorraine and Luxembourg would be annexed and made into an Imperial Territory of Germany. Italy would be forced to give up all claims to Austrian land, and return Libya to the Ottoman Empire.

Germany would also gain many colonial positions. The Suez Canal would be placed under the administration of the German Suez Company. Germany would gain the Belgium Congo, Rhodesia, French Congo, and Walvis Bay in Africa. In Asia, French Indochina was made into the German colony of German Indochina, the Territory of Papua would be combined into Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, and both Singapore and Hong Kong were to be turned over to Germany. British India and Malaysia were to be released as independent nations.

The Treaty of Berlin made Germany into a colonial superpower and destroyed the French and British Empires. This Treaty made Germany into a new leader in the world that nations would look up to.

The 1922 Constitution

While Germany were the victors of the Great War, they still had troubles at home. With the Social Democrats and the Centre Party calling for more political freedom, and the Communist Party organizing riots, Kaiser Wilhelm had to do something. Wilhelm wouldn't budge until Reichskanzler Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg was assassinated by anarchists. In response the new Reichskanzler Konrad Adenauer of the Centre Party led the Bundesrat and Reichstag into drafting a new constitution. The new constitution made Germany much more democratic and appeased the Social Democrats. In addition, it formed the Duchy of Elsaß-Lothringen and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Germany was renamed Imperium Germananiae as a sign of the new era and August 29th commemorates the day the 1922 Constitution was ratified. The 8 hour workweek was also passed after calls to enforce it by the Social Democrats. A new age had dawned for the German people.

Postwar Instability

Despite the new constitution, the Communist Party (KDP) and the Free Workers Union of Germany (FAUD) felt that they had been sidelined and cheated out. In response, many rose up in strikes and violence. Violence first sprouted in Hamburg, Munich, Berlin, Dresden, and the Ruhr valley. The Kaiser and Reichskanzler sent in the military to combat it and what followed was brutal fighting and chaos in industrial city centers. Thousands were killed in the chaos and entire streets reduced to rubble.

The German government decided to issue a ban on membership in the KDP and FAUD, arresting those who were found with papers associated with those groups. These forced the groups underground, but didn't stop them. The German government began programs of deporting leaders of the KDP and FAUD to Africa and Asia. Federal police and soldiers would be sent to take away leaders and send them far away from trouble.

As the tide turned, many communists, anarchists, and syndicalists fled the country to France, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Denmark to avoid extradition. By 1925, the violence had almost completely stopped, however the days of bloodshed in 1922 and 1923, were never forgotten.

Trouble in Indochina

While Germany proper was gaining stability by 1925, Indochina was not. Both nationalists and communists, many supported by exiled KDP and FAUD members, rose up and began a guerilla war in Indochina starting in 1920. The German colonial army used harsh tactics to push them back, but in 1924, things had only gotten worse thanks to KDP and FAUD members that had been deported joining the Vietnamese cause. The members eventually formed the Indochinese Communist Party, led by Nguyen Ai Quoc.

On the other side, the Vietnamese Nationalist Party (VNQDD) were headed by Phan Boi Chau and also used guerilla tactics. While not supported by the KDP and FAUD, they still had limited success in the south. That was until 1926, when Phan Boi Chau was arrested and executed by the authoritarian colonial governor, Helmut Müller.

Under Governor Müller, the German Indochina Korps would use brutal tactics and suppress the natives. Leaders on both sides would be executed, books banned, and right to assembly suppressed. This forced Nguyen Ai Quoc to flee to China in 1927 shortly after a few KDP and FAUD were arrested and executed. Quoc would change his name to Ho Chi Minh and use his position in China to broadcast anti German propaganda.

By 1930, the suppression had worked and Indochina was firmly under Müller's rule. However, the brutal regime would always be a scar on the hearts of the Vietnamese people and it was only time before violence broke out. Müller would never see what was to come however as in 1932 his motorcade would be blown up and he would be killed, being replaced by Manfred Steiner.

Depression and Boom

The stock market crashed in 1929, and while Germany was not hit as hard as countries with closer ties to the United States, they still suffered. In response to rising unemployment, Germany created the colonial program, where Germans could be paid to move to the colonies and help develop infrastructure in the colonies. At home, Germans were hired for large public works projects such as building the Autobahn. These projects paved the way for Germany becoming even stronger economically. This also paved the way for a new Reichskanzler in the form of Herman Müller, who would input more welfare into the government and change the nations of Mitteleuropa from being puppets to politically autonomous nations. However, Mitteleuropa was still dependent on German military and financial support. Investments were made to industrialize these nations however, as German companies began opening factories in those nations. In 1931, Müller would die and Konrad Adenauer would return to power, however this time dealing with a strong Social Democrat Party.

Growing Tensions

All was not well in Europe. South of the border Austria-Hungary had been split into a civil war beginning in 1930, and the dual monarchy abolished. Germany and Austria agreed on the Union between Germany and Austria, proclaiming the Archduchy of Austria a member of the German empire with Karl von Habsburg as Archduke of Austria. However the border with the Kingdom of Hungary under Regent Miklos Horthy became a volatile one, with Hungary fighting a war with the Carpathian Coalition consisting of Czechoslovakia, Romania, Serbia, Bosnia, and Croatia. The Carpathian war would last 6 years until the treaty of Budapest ended the war, granting Hungary the lands of Slovakia, Carpathian Ruthenia, Croatia, and Transylvania. Bosnia would remain an independent state and Czechoslovakia would be renamed Czechia. The tensions in this area would settle down for a few years, as Miklos Horthy worked to establish a strong Hungarian state.

In the West, France would fall to communist revolutionaries under Marcel Deat beginning in 1931. South of the border, Italy had fallen to Benito Mussolini in 1922 and in the east, the Soviet Union was being strengthened by Joseph Stalin. Things soured further when in 1933, the French Commune, the Soviet Union, and Italy allied forming the Neo-Triple Entente. In response, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, and Mitteleuropa allied forming a defensive pact. However, the United Kingdom and Ireland were wary of joining Mitteleuropa.

In 1937, France demilitarized its border with Germany and unwisely the Social Democrat Chancellor, Friedrich Kohl listened to Neville Chamberlain and accepted it. In addition Italy had invaded Croatia in 1938. France, the Soviet Union, and Italy were all preparing for a war.

The Second Great War

On November 30, 1939, the Soviet Union sent an ultimatum to Finland to give up the territory of Karelia. Finland turned to Germany for assistance and war broke out between Mitteleuropa and the Soviet Union. The rest of the Neo-Triple Entente quickly joined and Germany found itself in the middle of a three front war. However, British naval superiority assisted them, and France had trouble gaining much needed supplies. France did break the line in Belgium and Alsace Lorraine.

On the Eastern Front, General Erwin Rommel was made Field Marshall of the Ost-Armee. There would be fierce fighting across the front and progress was made as Leningrad was surrounded. As to not overextend, the German Forces focused on pushing in the north, capturing Leningrad, before sweeping south towards Moscow and then Stalingrad and the oil fields of the Caucasus Mountains.

South in Italy, Italian forces attempted to take South Tyrol and failed, taking heavy casualties. German forces then moved south towards Venice and secured the area before French troops were sent in support.

Asia proved to play a role in the fighting. As Japan aggressively pushed in China, they decided to join the Communist forces despite ideological differences in order to gain German Colonies in Indochina and Singapore. Germany supported the Chinese United Front in the conflict. The German government, now under the Chancellorship of Centrist Hans Neumann, attempted to persuade the United States to join, but they refused. However, they did provide equipment to the British and Germans.

France fought in the African colonies with Britain and Germany. Africa was a difficult fight and France had secured most of their former colonies. Jungle warfare played a key role in the Congo as the veteran Vietnam War era Dschungelkorps fought a guerrilla war.

On December 7th, 1941, the United States official entered the war on the side of the Allies (Britain, Mitteleuropa, and China). May 1st, 1942 Leningrad fell and Germans flooded towards Moscow, which would fall on Christmas Day of that year. Moscow and Leningrad had been reduced to rubble and the key Communist leaders had fled to the Urals while the Army regrouped in Stalingrad. Northern Italy had been captured and there was progress made in Savoy. The British and Americans also were preparing an invasion of France.

In April of 1943, the final Russian stand would begin in Stalingrad would begin. The Germans had delayed their advance in the winter and had finally laid siege on the fortified city of Stalingrad. The fighting would last until November, and would end with the destruction of Stalingrad and the surrender of the main Russian Army. Former Russian President Alexander Kerensky and others would encourage Soviet forces to mutiny and form the Russian Republic. Most would accept and the soldiers defending Stalin and his closest advisors would turn on them and end the communist regime.

In June 1943, Italy would be invaded through the South and North, until a coup overthrew Mussolini and he was murdered. November began the offensive into France and the invasion of Normandy. By March 1944, France had fallen.

Asia would result in the support of China and fighting with Japan until nuclear bombs were dropped in July 1944 on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Finally the war was over.

The Paris Conference

In August of 1944, the victorious nations sat down for a peace conference. France, Russia, and Italy would have free elections and become democratic. Russia, France, and Italy would also have to limit their standing military and be occupied by the victors. The United Nations would be established with a security council of permanent member states of Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the Republic of China. This would also decide the future for decolonization. Mitteleuropa would become the European Union and be the United Kingdom, France, Russia, and Italy would join as member states. In Asia, Japanese Territory in China was given to the Republic of China, Korea became independent, and Japan was placed under American occupation. A new era of peace had begun.

Decolonization

In 1945, the United Nations Resolution 3 was passed, beginning the process of decolonization and setting a goal to decolonize by 1955. Spearheaded by the United States it was initially opposed by the United Kingdom and Germany but they eventually agreed. African borders were established, forming the nations of Kamerun, the Kongo, Namibia, Tanzania, and Rhodesia out of the German colonies. They held democratic elections to form the basis of new governments and all were granted independence in 1948. Walvis Bay remained under German control.

In 1946, Ho Chi Minh and Kaiser Wilhelm III met in Hanoi and agreed to establish a free and independent nation of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia in Vietnam. Germany vacated the tumultuous region in 1947, and it quickly fell into violence as nationalists refused to recognize the elections.

Singapore, Qingdao, and Hong Kong were given autonomy, but considered of strategic importance. Papua New Guinea was given independence in 1947.

In Africa, things did not go well as former Dschungelkorps soldiers led by Hermann Strauss went AWOL and attempted a coup against the Kongolese government in 1949. This sparked the Kongo War, which lasted until 1952.

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