Independence: May 13th 2006
- National Anthem: Let's Go!
Status: Sovereign Multinational State
Capital: Sevastagrad [16 million]
- Largest City: Vsmograd [20 million]
- Key Cities: Glavastan, Beorov, Marinthgrad, Komorograd
Area: 22,402,200 km˛
Languages: Official - International [English]
- Recognized: Hrstian, Vokian, Fatahyan, Ryvssan
Hrstrian 45%, Vokian 25%, Ryvssan 20%, Sovoraurion 6%,
Religions: None, Atheist State
SR Hrstria [Sevastagrad]
SR Vokia [Glavastan]
SR Okonogra [Ober]
SR Lokotia [Komorograd]
SR Boroglia [Vjeldia]
SR Sovorauria [Vsmograd]
SR Najda [Najda]
Nykop AP [Luruytsk]
Ryvssa AP [Marinthgrad]
Government: Federal Semi-Presidential Constitutional Republic
- President: President Sergi Mirosov [Since 2006]
- Prime Minister: Frederik Beskov [Since 2013]
- Upper House: Federative Council
- Lower House: Assembly of the Republics
Political: Marxist-Leninist Single Party State
- Political Parties: Socialist Unity Party of Hrstrovokia - HSJP
Economy: State Socialism - Closed Economy, Centrally Planned
- Currency: Hrstrovokian Ruble - ₽
- GDP: $371,904,000,000,000
- GDP per Capita: $22,805.00
The state, which up until 2016 had total control over all economic activity, is gradually overseeing the liberalisation of the economy and an increasing growth in the private sector. However, it retains control over strategic economic sectors, which are centrally planned, and these are related to oil, gas and armament manufacturing. Efforts to diversify the economy have gained considerable momentum, particularly with regards to telecommunications, electronics and engineering. The main ethnic groups are Hrstrians, Vokians, Ryvssans, Sovoraurians and Fatahyans. All recognised ethnicities are considered equal in the eyes of the state which also promises to cherish without favour or discrimination the rights of women and men and to safeguard the sanctity of the family. The Socialist Federative Republic is officially an Atheist state.
This Factbook is best viewed in a full browser window with a high display resolution! It was designed with a Dark theme in mind.
Socialist Federative Republic of Hrstrovokia - Click for Enlarged Version
The Republic of Hrstrovokia prior to the Crimson Revolution could be best described as a kleptocracy with huge inequality in terms of wealth and a high percentage of the population living well below the poverty line while an elite oversaw a massive transfer of public resources sold off for private profit. The economy was on its knees despite the country having immense natural resources and was being kept on life support by enormous loans which it could ill-afford; national debt was a heavy burden and several loans were in danger of default. Under pressure by creditors, attempts were made to reform the wasteful economy via market reforms, austerity and liberalization of the economy in favour of privatization of state-owned industries. The Hrstrovokian Ruble was worthless as hyperinflation took hold, the price of basic goods was skyrocketing and government workers had not been paid in weeks. The dire state of the economy saw the incumbent administration of President Maxim Karavayev's National Freedom Party (NSP) collapse despite their best efforts to maintain power and fresh elections were called for.
Following the outcome of parliamentary elections in the Spring of 2006, the HSJP secured an overwhelming majority in the Skupština for the first time in the country's history. The HSJP's promises of a radical shakeup of Hrstrovokian politics and society had resonated strongly with the people. Before the HSJP could assume power, high ranking Ground Forces Officers led by General Pskov conspired with right-wing establishment politicians such as Karavayev, alongside big business and media interests to overthrow the newly elected HSJP. The conspirators, fearing the HSJP's leftist ideology, declared the party illegal and moved to imprison its leadership. This "emergency government" heading by Karavayev, declared the election results invalid due to voter fraud on behalf of the HSJP and martial law was declared. Mirosov escaped arrest and moved to the Presidential Palace where he drew plans to tackle the coup.
There was a divided and mixed response by military forces with some refusing to respond to the conspirators demands nor recognize their authority; a tense standoff ensued as the conspirators occupied several government buildings in the Capital. Others remained loyal and responded to President Elect Sergi Mirosov's call to defend the democratic values of the nation. The Armed Forces in 2006 largely consisted of Popular Militia, which either ignored commands to assist General Pskov or openly sided with the HSJP. Battle was inevitable as neither side would back down and attempts at mediation failed. In late Spring, HSJP troops fired upon Karavayev forces outside the Ministry of Justice and the conflict truly began. After six bloody weeks of intense and bitter fighting localized in the Capital, the new Government declared victory, thanks to the assistance of loyal military forces and the support of the people.
Over 8,000 soldiers and 26,000 civilians died while key areas of Sevastagrad were left in ruins due to artillery bombardment, most notably the centuries old Skupština burning to the ground. The Presidential Palace was heavily damaged. The nation was left reeling in shock and anguish which soon turned to outrage at the selfish and seditious acts of once respected and glorified institutions like the Officer class of the Armed Forces. Sevastagrad was rebuilt as it was before and a park in the city centre now commemorates those who died defending the democratic values of the Hrstrovokian people in defiance of tyranny, corruption and treachery. Those found responsible for the stunning betrayal were executed - the people's retribution was swift and merciless. While Pskov met his end by firing squad, Karavayev escaped justice and remains in exile. The NOBDB continues efforts to locate him.
With his enemies defeated and a strong mandate to govern, Sergi Mirosov launched the Crimson Revolution in the Summer of 2006, declaring the dissolution of the Republic of Hrstrovokia as a Unitary Parliamentary Republic and the establishment of the Socialist Federative Republic of Hrstrovokia - a one-party state under the control of the HSJP. Purges eliminating thousands of enemies of the new Workers' state - especially those found guilty in the Spring coup attempt - nationalization of all private industries and state ownership of the means of production, the end of private enterprise, repudiation of the national debt, direct control of the economy, collectivization of agriculture, strict government censorship of the media and launching of industrialization projects to modernize the backward economy began.
To defend the fledgling Workers' state against enemies internal and external, President Mirosov accelerated the militarization of the state while declaring martial law which would last for 5-years. Billions of Rubles have been spent upgrading military hardware and millions of Hrstrovokia's men and women are enlisted in its defence. The Slavonic Liberation Armed Forces are now one of the largest and most advanced armed forces in the world. Following a series of 5-year plans aimed at modernizing its heavy industries and the full exploitation of its rich hydrocarbon resources, efforts began to enrich the education and material wealth of the people.
Hrstrovokia was able to cut imports to zero and began an internal focus on restructuring its economy to survive without international trade and foreign assistance. President Mirosov declared that the international economic system was dominated by imperialist powers who were either unsympathetic to the nation or had an antagonistic relationship to its Socialist ideology. The nationalization process and repudiation of the national debt made many enemies abroad and the state would inevitably face lockout from the international markets and an economic blockade. There was notable resistance to Mirosov's reforms, particularly amongst the intelligentsia and wealthy upper classes. Re-education camps were opened along the Hael coast to enlighten these stubborn holdouts.
The 2000s were a period of self-imposed isolation during which severe restrictions were placed on the entry of foreign nationals to Hrstrovokia and Hrstrovokian citizens forbidden to leave the country on penalty of death if they returned without special permission. Relations with foreign powers were kept distant or non-existent. The HSJP policy sought to devote the efforts of the entire country to its own Socialist advancement and remain at peace by avoiding foreign entanglement. President Mirosov officially ended this period of isolationism in 2013 with military participation in the Fatahyan Civil War.
Hrstrovokia is a Semi-Presidential Federative Republic with a Socialist Constitution. It was decided by the architects of the Crimson Revolution that a Socialist Federative Republic was the best answer to the country's multiethnic composition. The provinces of Hrstria and Vokia, which had traditionally dominated Hrstrovokian politics, were broken up; Okonogra and Lokotia were formed from Hrstrian territory while Boroglia and Nykop were separated from Vokian lands. Hrstrovokia is divided into seven Republics and two Autonomous regions. Six are constituent Republics since the declaration of the SFR in 2006. Najda joined the Socialist Federative Republic in 2014 following a referendum in that territory after the events of the Fatahyan Civil War. The Socialist Republics of the Federation are:
Socialist Republics & Autonomous Provinces
The capital of the state is Sevastagrad, situated in the northwest, in the SR Hrstria. The Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia, the President and Cabinet, the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court are all located there. Each Socijalistička Republika of Hrstrovokia has its own Premier, Parliament and State Courts. Autonomous regions do not have Premiers or Parliaments. They can form legislative assemblies and have some say with regard to laws and taxes which affect them but all adjustments must be ratified by the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia and must be in compliance with the Federal Constitution.
The Government is currently considering legislation to make Ryvssa an Autonomous Republic within the Socialist Federative Republic. Support for such a move is widespread in Ryvssa.
Sevastagrad, capital of the Socialist Federative Republic of Hrstrovokia
Political Representation - Socialist Unity Party of Hrstrovokia
The only legally recognized political party in the state is the Hrstrovokian Socijalistička Jedinstvo Partija or Socialist Unity Party of Hrstrovokia. The HSJP achieved a landslide election victory in 2006 and became the only political party of the Socialist Federative Republic following the Crimson Revolution - its aim as a vanguard party is to establish a dictatorship of the people. The ultimate aim is to create a path from a Socialist society to a Communist one.
The Party is recognized as the leading and guiding force of Hrstrovokian society, a position that was institutionalized in the Provisional Constitution of 2006 and later cemented in the revised 2008 Constitution. Membership of the Party is mandatory for all members of Government at local and national level, the Party and Government are practically synonymous in the country. Party delegates represent the HSJP at the National Party Congress, held every 5-years. Membership is also generally considered beneficial for all citizens outside of political life though it is not strictly enforced.
The Politburo of the HSJP is the executive committee of the Party and is made up of delegates elected at the National Party Congress. Officially, the Party Congress elects a Central Committee which, in turn, elects the Politburo and General Secretary in a process termed democratic centralism. The Politburo is the standing administrative body of the HSJP between Party Congresses. Traditionally the Politburo has always consisted of the highest ranking Party members from each of the Socialist Republics. It is responsible for selecting members of the Central Committee and the position of General Secretary. The Politburo is answerable to the Central Committee. The Politburo decides the policies of the Party once they are agreed upon under democratic centralism.
Monument to the Fighters of the Crimson Revolution near Sevastagrad, Socialist Republic of Hrstria
The HSJP's monopoly on power is granted to it by the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia and the right to govern and represent the people is also provided for in the Hrstrovokian Constitution of 2008 which was written by Sergi Mirosov and approved by referendum of the people with a 98% vote in favour. The Head of the HSJP is the General Secretary who is nominated by the National Party Congress every 5-years and elected by the Politburo. The current General Secretary is Sergi Mirosov.
System of Government - Semi-Presidentialism
A Semi-Presidential system of Government exists in Hrstrovokia, specifically it is a President-Parliamentary system - the President, along with a Prime Minister and a Cabinet, exercise executive authority. The President's role of responsibility is specifically foreign affairs and defence while the Prime Minister and Cabinet take care of the economy and domestic affairs. The Prime Minister and Cabinet are responsible to and revocable by the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia. The President is the Head of State of Hrstrovokia and chooses the Prime Minister and Cabinet upon approval by the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia. The Prime Minister is the Chairman of the Government.
The President may take actions to have the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia remove the Prime Minister, Cabinet Minister or entire Cabinet from office with a vote of no confidence.
Elections are held ever 4-years for the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia. Suffrage is 18 years of age and is universal. Voting at Presidential, Assembly of the Republics and Federative Council elections is by secret ballot on the principle of popular vote. Candidates for elections to the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia are long-standing HSJP members and must have approval from the HSJP Central Committee to stand for election.
President of Hrstrovokia
Sergi Mirosov - President of the Socialist Federative Republic of Hrstrovokia
The President of Hrstrovokia is the Supreme Commander of Slavonic Liberation Armed Forces of Hrstrovokia and holder of the highest office in the Socialist Federative Republic. The President is the Guarantor of the Constitution - he/she ensures that the laws and regulations of the constituent states of the Socialist Federative Republic are in full compliance with the country's Constitution and Federal laws.
The President is chosen by popular vote and is elected for a 8-year term upon nomination by the HSJP Central Committee and approval by the Federative Assembly
The President is the Head of the Council of Ministers and Chairman of the Revolutionary Defence Council. The Director of the Bureau for National Intelligence and State Security is nominated by the President and approved by a Assembly of the Republics Committee on State Security, the Director reports directly to the President. The President is invested with extensive powers to implement the states foreign policy. The President determines Hrstrovokia's position in international affairs and represents the state in international relations, conducts negotiations and signs ratification documents.
Presidential Palace, Sevastagrad
The President appoints and recalls diplomatic representatives of Hrstrovokia to foreign states and international organizations. These appointments are preceded by consultations with the respective committees or commissions of the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia. The President also signs international treaties, treaties of mutual assistance and treaties of friendship and cooperation.
The President has the power to make appointments and dismissals to the highest command of the Slavonic Liberation Armed Forces; declaration of the general and partial mobilization and declaration of war in case of an attack on the Socialist Federative Republic or in case when it was necessary to implement obligations of international mutual defence treaties. The President also carries the responsibility of awarding orders and medals of the Socialist Federative Republic and carrying out the awarding procedures; the establishment of honorary titles of the Socialist Federative Republic and their assignment; establishment of military and diplomatic ranks and other special ranks.
The President may issue decrees of draft legislation, to be ratified by the Supreme Soviet. In a state of emergency, the President's decrees are, until the end of the emergency, law. Should the President die, become incapacitated or impeached, the acting President shall be the Prime Minister until an election can be held.
National Parliament - Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia
The Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia (National Parliament) is a bicameral legislature located in Sevastagrad and is the legislative body of the Hrstrovokian Government. The Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia replaces the centuries old Skupština which was destroyed during the Crimson Revolution. There are two bodies to the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia – the lower house, Assembly of the Republics and the upper house, Federative Council. The Assembly of the Republics has 450 seats, the Federative Council has 170 seats.
Assembly of the Republics
The Assembly of the Republics
The jurisdiction of the Assembly of the Republics includes: consent to the appointment of the Chairman of the Government, deciding the issue of confidence in the Government, appointment and dismissal of the Chairman of the Central Bank, appointment and dismissal of the Chairman and half of the auditors of the Accounting Chamber, appointment and dismissal of the Commissar for Human Rights, proclamations of amnesty, advancing of charges against the President for his impeachment and others.
The jurisdiction of the Federative Council includes: approval of changes in borders between the constituent states of the Socialist Federative Republic of Hrstrovokia, approval of the decree of the President on the introduction of martial law, conscription or on the introduction of a state of emergency, deciding on the possibility of using the Slavonic Liberation Armed Forces outside the territory of Hrstrovokia, appointment and declaring of elections of the President, impeachment of the President, appointment of Judges of higher courts of Hrstrovokia, appointment and dismissal of the Procurator-General of the Socialist Federative Republic and dismissal of Deputy Chairman and half of the auditors of the Accounting Chamber, approval of states or territories wishing to join union with the Socialist Federative Republic of Hrstrovokia.
The Federative Council
Representatives of the Federative Council - Savetniks - are chosen by Party Congresses in each of the constituent states of Hrstrovokia, its autonomous regions, recognized minorities and trade unions. Elections are held every 4-years. The Federative Council may also form committees and commissions to consider legislation and policy brought before it.
All laws must be voted in by the Supreme Soviet of Hrstrovokia before they are signed into law. All bills must be considered first by the Assembly of the Republics. Upon adoption by a majority of the full Assembly of the Republics membership, a draft law is considered by the Federative Council. The Federative Council cannot make changes to bills passed by the Assembly of the Republics, it can either approve or reject them.
If the Federative Council rejects a bill passed by the Assembly of the Republics, the two chambers may form a conciliation commission to work out a compromise version of the legislation. If the two chambers cannot reach a compromise, or the Assembly of the Republics insists on passing the bill as is, the veto of the Federative Council can be overridden, if two thirds of the Assembly of the Republics vote in favor of the bill a second time.
Council of Ministers
The Council of Ministers consists of the President of Hrstrovokia, the Chairman of the Government and ministers of Federal Government departments. The Council of Ministers is the chief body of administration of the Socialist Federative Republic. Traditionally these positions are filled with the highest ranking Party members from each of the Socialist Republics. The Council of Ministers is made up of:
The President of the Socialist Federative Republic of Hrstrovokia
The Federative Prime Minister
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Ministry of the Interior
The Ministry of Finance and Economic Developmnent
The Ministry of Defence
The Ministry of Health
The Ministry for Industry and State Enterprises
The Ministry of Emergency Situations
The Ministry of Justice
The Ministry of Transportation
The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
The Ministry of Education and Science
The Ministry for Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection
The Minister of Culture and Sports
The Ministry of Information and Communications
The Ministry for Autonomous Regions
Its duties are to draft and submit the Federal budget to the Assembly of Republics and ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the Assembly of Republics, to ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and monetary policy in the Socialist Federative Republic, to ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in areas of culture, science, state security and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Socialist Federative Republic, to implement measures to ensure the rule of law, human rights and freedoms, the protection of property and public order and crime control.
The Government issues its acts in the way of decisions, orders and bills. These must not contradict the Constitution. Federal Constitutional laws, and Presidential decrees are signed by the Prime Minister.
Revolutionary Defence Council
The Revolutionary Defence Council is a consultative body chaired by the President of Hrstrovokia that provides assistance on the President's decisions on matters of national security. With a priority placed on defence and the military in the SFR it is no surprise that this body has a huge importance in national politics. Composed of key ministers and agency heads of NOBDB and IDV [National Intelligence and State Security Bureau & Intelligence Directorate Military] plus the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Slavonic Liberation Armed Forces, the Revolutionary Defence Council was established to be a forum for coordinating and integrating national security policy. The Revolutionary Defence Council examines issues and prepares the President on matters of national defence including the organization of defence, military organizational development, defence production, military and military-technical cooperation of Hrstrovokia with foreign states as well as the formulation and implementation of foreign policy and the monitoring of public expenditure on defence, national security and law enforcement.
Area: 22,402,200 km˛
Highest Peak: Mount Kolyar - 9,342 m
Lowest Point: Solsovis, Sea of So'ralrykjia - 28 m below sea level
Longest River: Ombad River - 7,384 km
Largest Island: Sovorauria - 8,208,000 km˛
Largest Lake: Sea of So'ralrykjia - 371,000 km˛
Major Mountain Ranges: Hrstrian, Kanchelskis, Tatra, Koringlaesh, Aljibal
Major Rivers: Ombad, Morava, Iskar, Sava, Svir
Major Islands: Sovorauria, Nykop, Marstok, Zastava Koral, Vekta
Highest Precipitation: Vsmograd - Average 80mm for July
Lowest Precipitation: Najda - Average 0.03 for July
Geographic map of Hrstrovokia - Click for Enlarged Version
Hrstrovokia is a massive country of 22,402,200 km˛, comprised of one large landmass, the continent of Urraelia and the islands of Sovorauria and Nykop, with smaller archipelagos such as the Zastrava Koral islands. Its topography can be divided into four natural zones: the tundra zone, the taiga, or forest, zone, the steppe, or plain, zone and the desert zone. Interspersed within these regions are formidable mountainous and highland areas. The country spans 10 time zones with a difference of 8 hours between Sevastagrad on the west coast and Regas in the Zastrava Koral islands.
Urraelia is characterized by a rugged mountainous north with two colossal ranges - the Hrstrian and Kanchelskis mountains, the latter home to Hrstrovokia's highest peak, Mount Kolyar - 9,342 meters. Large expanses of the north are dominated by tundra, mountain, highland, forest and glacier. Apart from the cities of Sevastagrad, Glavastan and Marinborr the north is sparsely populated. Temperatures can drop well below -30°C in Sevastagrad during the winter as much of the region is within the Arctic Circle. Summers are short but thankfully intense.
In the middle, the country becomes flatter, the temperature is much more hospitable. Here one encounters verdant river valleys leading to the great inland sea of So'ralrykjia, the largest lake in Hrstrovokia, to which the Morava river flows into. Vast forest of pines, spruces and larches covers much of the area along with swamp and peatland, but this has begun to be cleared to make way for agriculture.
The forest region is home to large herds of reindeer as well as brown bear and wolves. The rivers teem with salmon in the Autumn. Industrial activity has had negative consequences for the forests here due to pollution and acid rain.
Beyond this region in Braelsk lies the Ryvssan steppe, with the Stara Planina mountains to the east and further west the long winding mountain ranges of the Vrsac mountains. The Boroglian and Lokotian channels separate the mainland of Hrstrovokia from Sovorauria. The southern coast of Urraelia is densely populated owing to warmer temperatures along the coast and better agricultural land with richer soils.
Sovorauria began to break away from the continent millions of years ago, it's distinctive features are the vast Sovoraurian plains and much more favorable temperate climate along the northern coast, with the majestic Tatra mountains to the northwest standing high above lake Boltaesh and Koringlaesh mountains to the south. Sovorauria also features Hrstrovokia's longest river, the Ombad. It is the most fertile region of the country and agricultural activity is intensive, the region is the breadbasket of the country. The area is the most densely populated in the Socialist Federative Republic, especially along the southern coast which has a mediterranean climate and regularly has temperatures in the summer months as high as 40°C and occasionally suffers from drought.
To the east across the Kerzhakov, Braelsk and Borisov channels lies Nykop island, home to the Nykopan mountains and lake Iskar. Nykop is still relatively underdeveloped with extensive wild forests to the north and is the least populated area of the country. However a serious environmental problem exists in the very north of Nykop due to nuclear weapon testing by the military.
Najda forms the non-contiguous portion of Hrstrovokia, it is the only part of Socialist Federative Republic not located in Urraelia. This western Asia enclave is covered by the vast N'ajjira desert except for a thin sliver of savanna that hugs the coastline. The Aljibal Alps rise from the N'ajjiran desert with the highest peak, Mount Sama' alrrbb, rising to 3,429 meters high. Najda is an arid country and almost all of the population live along the coast with some nomadic tribes allowed to remain in the N'ajjira. Ongoing irrigation projects and sea reclamation have provided more living space for the booming population.
Energy map of Hrstrovokia - Click for Enlarged Version
Hrstrovokia is considered an energy superpower with immense resources, its production of energy far exceeds its consumption. Since the nationalization of all industries involved in hydrocarbons in 2006, Hrstrovokia has extensively expanded its domestic industries and infrastructure with massive investment. Energia Urraelia is the state-owned company responsible for energy production, it is one of the largest employers in the state. Energy is supplied to the domestic economy cheaply, both to state-run companies, the military and citizens. Excess production is stockpiled strategically. Hrstrovokia has enormous proven reserves of oil - the Ryvssan oil basin being the largest - and natural gas - the Hael gas field being the only one currently known and exploited, and is thought to have considerable unproven reserves off the western coast of Sovorauria. Coal and uranium are also found in noteworthy quantities. Oil production exceeded 800 million tonnes in 2016. Natural gas production was 750 billion cubic meters for the same year.
Beorov Hydroelectric Dam
With the first five-year plan completed in 2012, Hrstrovokia witnessed industrialization on an incredible scale, spreading out rapidly from the traditional industrial heartlands of Hrstria and Vokia to the entire country. In 2009 the state completed construction of the Beorov hydroelectric dam in Sovorauria, the biggest government project ever undertaken in Hrstrovokia at the time, costing billions of Rubles and employing thousands of people - a landmark achievement in the modernization of the country. The Beorov hydroelectric power plant has a generating capacity of 45,000 megawatts. The project was also seen as an attempt to diversify energy production in the state, alongside the construction of nuclear power plants and windfarms.
Energy Production for 2016
Percentage of Production
Industry & Products
Hrstrovokia has a very large industrial base with a high level of technological sophistication. It also boasts a large and well educated workforce with a strong work ethic. Major natural resources are oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, reserves of rare earth elements and timber. Hrstrovokia is self-sufficient in nearly all major industrial raw materials. The economy of Hrstrovokia is based on a system of state ownership of the means of production. There exists a large industrial manufacturing sector with centralized administrative planning in specific industries. Its major strengths are its huge supplies of oil and gas alongside other natural resources.
Its primary sector industries are mining - iron ore, coal and uranium mining - or hydrocarbons - crude oil and natural gas extraction. Agriculture is also very important alongside fishing and forestry. Most of these mining and hydrocarbon industries are located in Hrstria, Vokia and Sovorauria. Secondary sector industries are arms manufacturing, shipbuilding, aircraft building, the refinement and processing of petroleum, natural gas and uranium, steel manufacturing, machinery and motor vehicle manufacturing, tool manufacturing, electric and nuclear power generation, aerospace design, electronics manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, textiles, consumer goods and food processing.
Traditionally Hrstria and Vokia were the location of Hrstrovokia's heavy industries as the industrial revolution first took hold in Hrstrovokia in these cities. Major efforts have been undertaken since 2006 to spread industry more evenly across the country to provide more employment alongside greater emphasis on even regional development. There are now immense manufacturing bases in every major city. Still, Sevastagrad, Glavastan and Marinborr are the biggest manufacturing centers of the country. Tertiary sector industries are entertainment, telecommunications, mass media. Tourism - mainly internal tourism - with the southern Sovoraurian coast being a coveted destination for many Hrstrovokians, especially those from the colder north. Financial services, because of the Socialist ideology of the state, are extremely limited and heavily regulated.
A handful of state-owned companies dominate the economic landscape alongside the government - Energia Urraelia, Миак, HrstrianAir, VDS (Vokian Defence Systems), and Sovo Telekom. In particular VDS and it's subsidiaries employ the greatest number of personnel in the SFR, both directly and indirectly. State-owned industry represents 41.3% of the total economy, the rest being government. Of the government, the Ministry of Defence and the Slavonic Liberation Armed Forces are the biggest employers. The size of VDS and the Slavonic Liberation Armed Forces reflects the importance of defence and the military in the economy and national strategy.
Military hardware accounts for 20% of Hrstrovokian exports
Rapid industrialization has had negative effects on the environment with increased levels of pollution and toxicity. Acid rain is beginning to have disastrous effects on the forests of Hrstria and Vokia. The biggest industries after oil and gas are the defence-related industries; those involved in arms manufacturing, building weapons, military vehicles, aircraft and ships. Government spending in the telecommunications and aerospace engineering sector - especially satellite design and construction - has increased in recent years. Imports are kept to an absolute minimum, self-reliance is a matter of great national importance and pride. Exports are limited to a select few products from the following fields: minerals - oil, coal and gas, machinery and industrial equipment, armaments, metals and chemicals. Hrstrovokia's trading partners are its allies Soviet Militcom and the Union of Rossiya.
These nations receive Hrstrovokian exports under the Selected Exchange Program (SEP). Under the SEP, Hrstrovokia principally trades its products for products its own economy cannot produce. The Hrstrovokian economy suffers a shortage of some foods (sugarcane, tobacco, citrus, coffee and rice) and currently lacks expertise to produce technologies and patents for the biotechnology, nanotechnology and telecommunications industries.
Transportation map of Hrstrovokia - Click for Enlarged Version
All transportation services have been nationalized and are heavily subsidized by the government. The five-year plans ordered by President Mirosov made specific directives to broadly expand all transportation routes in the state. Every major city is connected by excellent motorway and rail links with the exception of Regas in the Zastava Koral islands which is much more isolated due to its remote location but is serviced by ferries.
Speed limits on roads are as follows: 120 km/h (75 mph) for Motorways. 100 km/h (62 mph) for National Routes (Primary and Secondary) that are not motorway status. 80 km/h (50 mph) for local and regional roads. In Hrstrovokia, traffic drives on the left hand side of the road. Seatbelts must be worn at all times by all occupants of a vehicle, whether in motion or parked. Motorcyclists must wear helmets at all times, whether in motion or parked.
The territorial seas and aerospace of the state are under strict control. Entry to Hrstrovokian territory must be approved 60 days in advance with full itineraries, manifests and projected routes submitted when applying for permission to enter Hrstrovokian territory. Any deviation from submitted route or failure to comply with Hrstrovokian laws will result in warnings being issued alongside stiff penalties or swift interception and possible targeting by the military.
Hrstrovokia considers its territorial sea jurisdiction to be 50km from its coast and its aerospace to be 22km above its territory.
Rail tunnel linking Urraelia to Sovorauria
There are four major undersea tunnels - two connecting Urraelia to Sovorauria, one connecting Urraelia to Nykop and one more connecting Nykop to Sovorauria. The projects are considered pinnacle achievements of Hrstrovokian architecture, construction and engineering. These tunnels allow the Trans-Hrstrovokian Railway to continue unbroken between the continent and its two biggest islands. The expansion of transportation routes in Hrstrovokia has opened up the interior of the country to further development while the repair and improvement of existing routes has made travel much safer and a more enjoyable experience.
Sevastagrad International is the state's main airport. Sevastagrad is also home to the state's largest port which has considerable port and storage facilities. Sevastagrad port is kept open and ice-free by nuclear icebreakers in the winter. Komorograd on the Lokotian coast is Hrstrovokia's second largest port, its also the state's main warm-water port and is ice-free year round.
The Boltaesh-Ombad Canal Project, currently under construction, will link the seas off the coast of western Sovorauria with Lake Boltaesh and the Ombad river all the way to Vsmograd in central Sovorauria. The project will widen and deep the Ombad river to allow ships to navigate deep into the Sovoraurian hinterland. It is the biggest infrastructure project currently underway in Hrstrovokia and is expected to be complete in 2019.
Travelling to the state by non-citizens requires an entry visa which must be approved prior to travel by the Ministry of the Interior and involves numerous background checks. Visitors are only permitted to visit Hrstrovokia for 90 out of a 365-day period and must present a biometric passport alongside health certificate upon arrival at Hrstrovokian Customs & Immigration. Visitors may be subject to rigorous security screening and questioning by Customs & Immigration officials as to the reason of their visit. Visitors may be assigned a Ministry of the Interior liaison for the duration of their visit who will monitor their stay in-country.