by Max Barry

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The Imperial Republic of
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6

Holy Tedalonia



Flag

Seal / Coat of Arms
Motto:
"Restore Order, Restore Dignity, Restore the Empire"- Morius Tedgustus
Anthem:
"O We Tedalonians"
March:
"Tedalonians Dont Fall, They Just Stumble"

Holy Tedalonia with all, but Offendigard under its heel.
Capital: Tedstantinople/"Heart of Antartica"
Largest City: Tome
Official Language: Ted-English
Ethnic Groups:
74% Tedalonian
10% Tallin
10% LinkOther/Multinational
5% Stepireans
2% LinkAmericans
3% Nodes
Religion:
70% Tedawnesse
21% LinkChristianity
9% Judism
2% Other
Demonym:
Tedalonian
Government:
LinkFederal Presidential Republic
President Esteemed / Lord of Holy Tedalonia: Otho Tedgustus
Vice-Esteemed: Tlavius Alexander
Count: Jorge Tranklin
Lord of the Voice: Jack TcConnel
Inquisitor Lord: Truvius Tack
Lord of the Just: James Tadison
Legislature: Triplex of the Vice-Counts
- 1st House: House of Aristocrats
- 2nd House: House of the Rightous
- 3rd House: House of the People

Independence from: The Old Tedalonian Empire
Statehood into: Empire of Eternal Ice
Population: 830 million Tedalonians
LinkGDP: 106 trillion Toins
LinkGini: 3.4 light
LinkHDI: 53 High
Currency: Toin
LinkDrives on the right
LinkCalling Code: +0
LinkISO 3166 code: ET
LinkInternet TLD: .ht .gov .mil .edu


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Holy Tedalonia (I.R.), commonly referred to as the Tedalonia, the federal republic composed of actually 2 provinces, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. The 2 provinces and the federal district are contiguous and located in East West Antarctica between Antartic Mountain Ridge and Sirokheim. The province of Solmore is in the far northwestern corner of East West Antartica, with a land border to the east with coastal nations and separated by the Antartic Mountian Ridge from Stepire. The geography, climate and wildlife of the country are extremely artic.

At 1.2 million square miles and with over 830 million people, the Tedalonian Empire is the world's seventh-largest country by total area (and seventh-largest by land area) and the 13th-most populous. Urbanization climbed to over 80% in 2010 and leads to growing megaregions. The country's capital is Tedstantinople and its largest city is Tome.

Romans migrated from Rome to Antartica after the fall of Rome. After 3 centuries of struggling to survive, the Tedalonians came into contact with Britian. Britian forms small research stations along the coast, eventually Tedalonians raided the stations. 1769, Tedalonia starts to heavily advance in culture and technology. Tedalonia Empire falls 1878, and Holy Tedalonia forms. Holy Tedalonia becomes nuclear super power after nukes are invented.

Holy Tedalonia is a highly developed province, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, and productivity per person. While the Tedalonian economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. Though its population is only 4.4% of the world total, the Tedalonia accounts for nearly a quarter of world GDP and almost a third of global military spending, making it the world's foremost military and economic power. The Tedalonia is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.

Etymology
The Holy Tedalonian government derives from the old government called the Tedalonian Empire but due to its fall it forced a new government to take over the fair but lazy new government just slapped the word "Holy" so their not the "failure government that use to exist". In reality they wanted a different name and one to describe that the pope will be more involved. Today the people of Holy Tedalonia refer their nation as "Tedalonia" keeping their pride to the Tedalonian name while foreigners call it "Holy Tedalonia".

Name of the People
The Denomyn for the people, graciously chosen by the government is "Tedalonian" but the locals prefer the old language Tatins (Tatin is the pre-language that came before Ted-english) version, in which they call themselves Taowi ("Tao-We"), and they hold of that name as if it's sacred, however foreigners lazy and ignorant as they are and just call them Tedalonians.

History
Tedalonia is a Empire that has reformed multiple times throughout history. This Empire has faced many falls and reforms so that one day they could unite the world under Tedalonian rule. The Empire consist of multiple layers of history dating back to the Tedalonian tribe to the current Holy Tedalonian Empire. The current Empire consist of a democratic system and gives people average rights with plenty of economic freedom. Holy Tedalonia is a sprawling empire that is in the antartic continent. It's local region name is "The Imperial Contingency" due to its newly formed gonvernment. It holds the center of the Antarctica, and has built a military space base of monumental size and not just claim the moon but plans are underway to colonize it, with the advancement in the central Antarctic.

The Great Exodus of Rome



Romans leaving their homes during the invasion

During the Great Migration period many romans were terrified. As the government struggled to calm the citizens, a noble known as Byrnrelius Augustus suggested the idea of abandoning Rome for they have already lost, his suggestion was to travel and find a land where barbaric people have no place, he ended up taking many people and headed south of Africa dodging and battling many tribes they landed in Antarctica where they discovered an Iceland that had no value or resources but unfortunately did not have the resources to leave so they were stuck on a frozen land with little supplies, fortunately before the winter came they were able to find Antarcticas infamous cave-cities (not real cities just really big caves that could fit a city) and was able to survive within antartica over time they adopted hunting and created a stable food resource. The romans lived in peace.

The Barbarian Era
After the first 80 years in the antartic wastes the Romans succumbed to a tribal and pagan lifestyle, they became so enamered with the cold so enamered that they even forgot their heritage which would be rediscovered 2 centuries late. Many tribes formed most inconseqential while others were major Tedunians, Jetunians, and the Talltunians. These major tribes fought and grew in power and forced alliance from their weaker brethren and battled one another. these three rivals constantly battled for dominion in the wastes.

Rise of Tedlar Ruvik the 1st
Their was a turning point for the Barbarians they became the first was establishment of a government. Ruvik von Tedlar was a illegitimate child of the Tedunian chief Tedlar con Ruthvik. At one point Tedlar von Ruthvik died and his legitimate son Erik von Tedlar took over, he was a weak leader and failed time and again, and the power in the tribe started to sway, Ruvik von Tedlar challenges Eriks power and they fight to the death. Ruvik wins. After this Ruvik lead a campaign to conquer Antarctica, which he gathered allies, one of the most notable Jetunians and set out to conquer the frosty snow land, they beat tribe after tribe until they meet their long time rival the Talltunians for he hated them of all the tribes, they paraded around with the corpses of Tedtunians once and the Tedtunians never forgave them. He eventually conquered even them and formed the nation of Tedalonia, however his early reign quickly came to the end when he was killed in a battle between him and Talltunian Rebels

Rise of Tedalonius Teaser the 1st


After Tedlar Ruthviks life came to the end the Provinces went crazy the short lived Empire was about to come to the end until Tedalonius Teaser the successor of Tedlar Ruthvik, he quickly set out and recaptured all of the provinces, recaptured Vodasmark with an iron rule, restored the blazed empire. He was well known for his powerful hold in politics, and eventually convinced into capturing south Americas southern coastline, which the expedition was lead by Tedmar Byrnerelius, eventually after 4 months Tedalonia was able to colonize it. Tedalonius was assassinated by the, "Blue Hand" a terrorist group bent on destroying the Empire, claiming, and thus fell the Age of Tedalonius Teaser.

Provinces of Tedalonia


Their was a time when all the provinces were under Tedalonian reign during the age of the Tedalonian empire now they are either brokered nations or regions under the reformers of the new Tedalonian government. Now today the nations have even abandoned the names of the old province names.

Tedalonian Civil War




After the death of, Emperor Tedalonious Ruvikgustus IV, and no heir to succeed after him except his daughter Hannah Teaser, the Tedalonian Empire separated, many of the captured territories broke off of Tedalonia while the nation was divided, the Solmore and Goraheim wanted to make Hannah Teaser empress, but the Drugi-Oceheim rebels and Osterburg rebels wanted freedom, prosperity, and wealth and we're lead by the Ex-Military General Morrius Tedgustus. During the rebellion Morrius was able to capture Tedstantinople and the royal family. This gave Morrius the title "Empress Tamer", and divided the region by a river. This created a bloody war along the river known as "Det" which was nicknamed "The River of Blood", for this river was so shallow that infantry would run through and attack the enemy on the other side after the seasonal floods in which, after a long battle, the river would be filled with blood, after 35 long years of warfare a bill came out separating the north and the south, this bill became known as "The Blood-Drenched Bill of 1978" in which the Holy Tedalonian Empire became a free nation. After Tedalonia formed they strengthened the border making sure they never get surprise attacked, while Tedalonia is a nation except the church of Tedawn, pulls all the strings in the background. In Holy Tedalonia, freedom is a illusion, that the church controls.

A New Nation


After winning their freedom the Oceheim and Drugiheim Provinces merged forming Holy Tedalonia, and we're going to merge with Osterburg but that never came. Osterburg we're dealing with rebels of their own after winning the war the loyalist factions wanted their own country and brokered the province into two. Osterburg was divided and was unable to confederate, due to a civil war, Holy Tedalonia supported Osterburg but was unable to reclaim the land, Osterburg after the civil war grew a national identity if they were to confederate it would be to much rebellions to stamp out, in the end Osterburg became Offendigard in the coming years.

Inter-Antarctic War
The tensions between the nations residing in East West Antarctica became increasingly intense. Three factions formed, UL (United Loyalist), SUA (Socialist United Alliance), and UR (United Republics). December 13th, 2016, The Antarctic Summit was created to prevent the war however the UL representative was assassinated by SUA terrorists. December 16th, 2016, UL declares war on SUA and mobilizes. December 21st, 2016, UR declares war on both and mobiles to "destroy misguided nations". January 3rd, 2017, the UL's ALPHA (Ariel Long-range Planetary Hellfire Artillery) destroys Jewake a Jeet city nothing but rubble remains, introducing interplanetary warfare. January 3rd, 2017 - January 6th, 2017, SUA spies steal BETA (Balistic Engagements Tedalonian Anti-ship). January 13th, 2017, a space battle over Antarctica commences ALPHA and BETA were destroyed after ALPHA engage self-destruct, the debris from the ships left space combat impossible. January 21st, 2017, UR takes UL territory. January 22nd, 2017, siege on Tedstantinople commences. January 26th, 2017, Officer Erhard Ladislaus Le Elrosia, breaks the siege with the experimental AADBs (Assualt Armored Drone Bots) and is promoted to Royal General. January 27th, 2017 UR General, Atticus Graham commences guerrilla tactics against AADBs as the UL use them to reclaim territory. February 2nd, 2017, General Atticus Graham and Royal General Erhard Ladislaus Le Elrosia engage each other at a pass in the Antartic Mountain Ridge, Erhard was able to cause heavy casualties but Atticus blew up part of the pass and created an avalanche, destroying 2031 AADBs. February 27th, 2017, the Inter-Antarctic War ends when the USSA (United States of South Asia), invades East West Antarctica and start to take over the ravaged nations.


Antarctic-Asia War
March 1st, 2017, The factions have united under a banner the UNEWA (United Nations of East West Antartica), and attempted to fight USSA however SUA and UR are weakened from the war and UL have lost a lot a AADBs. March 13th, 2017, UR has been completely taken over. March 17th, 2017, SUA collapsed under civil strife. March 27th, 2017, Tedstantinople is under siege by USSA. April 5th, 2017, Erhard Ladislaus Le Elrosia warns that if USSA doesn't reliquish it's siege and leave East West Antarctica alone, he will fire the top secret OSL (Orbital Space Laser). April 6th, 2017, Erhard Ladislaus Le Elrosia orders the OSL to be fired upon Tallin, Antarctic nation turned puppet state. Tallin was destroyed by the blast and is known to be a charred land. USSA backed down and left Antarctica afterwards.

Unification Period
After the war the UL formed their many nations into one calling it the Arctic Empire or the Empire of Eternal Ice. This newly formed Empire consist of several nations which vote for a emperor for life, and their are no parties. This Empire is a unique government as the nation states within its region of control aren't enforced by any laws of the Empire, this Empire is mainly used for diplomacy, warfare, and united military. It's practically a manager for the exterior.

Holy Tedalonia Actions in the Information era



Tedalonians newest spaceship ALPHA

The Tedalonian actions in the Information era is not as grand as the old Empire but make huge striking pushes in development they've created the Tedalonian Outer Mainspace Expedition or TOME, however a suspected sabotage was in place and destroyed the ship, however the Taowi don't give up easily and they built a military space ship called the "Ariel Long-range Planetary Hellfire Artillery" or ALPHA, this ship is planned to be their flagship/diplomacy ship for the next 50 years.
Devasting Robots AADBs
Holy Tedalonia has created Assault Armored Drone Bots or AADBs. This new invention had change the Inter-Antartic War. This invention saved billions of Tedalonian Marines lives.

Economy



A bronze toin of the Tedalonian insignia (809 - 2016), found in London, United Kingdom's.

The Tedalonian economy was among the most advanced in Antarctica and the pacific for many centuries. Pacific, in particular, could not match Tedalonia economic strength until late in the Industrial Revolutuion. Tedstantinople operated as a prime hub in a trading network that at various times extended across nearly all of Antarctica and the Pacific Islands, in particular as the primary southern terminus of the famous Gold Road. Until the first half of the 6th century and in sharp contrast with the decaying West, the Tedalonian economy was flourishing and resilient.

The Plague of Tedalonius Ruvikgusus the 4th and the European conquests would represent a substantial reversal of fortunes contributing to a period of stagnation and decline. Osterburgian reforms and, in particular, Tedstantine V's repopulation, public works and tax measures, marked the beginning of a revival that continued until 1804, despite territorial contraction. From the 10th century until the end of the 12th, the Tedstantinople Empire projected an image of luxury and travellers were impressed by the wealth accumulated in the capital.

The Seventh Crusade resulted in the disruption of Tedalonian manufacturing and the commercial dominance of the Western Europeans in the southern Mediterranean, events that amounted to an economic catastrophe for the Empire. The Tao-We tried to revive the economy, but the late Tedalonian state would not gain full control of either the foreign or domestic economic forces. Gradually, it also lost its influence on the modalities of trade and the price mechanisms, and its control over the outflow of precious metals and, according to some scholars, even over the minting of coins.

One of the economic foundations of Tedalonia was trade, fostered by the maritime character of the Empire. Textiles must have been by far the most important item of export; gold were certainly imported into Europe, and appeared also in China, and the Pacific Islands. The state strictly controlled both the internal and the international trade, and retained the monopoly of issuing coinage, maintaining a durable and flexible monetary system adaptable to trade needs.

The government attempted to exercise formal control over interest rates, and set the parameters for the activity of the guilds and corporations, in which it had a special interest. The emperor and his officials intervened at times of crisis to ensure the provisioning of the capital, and to keep down the price of cereals. Finally, the government often collected part of the surplus through taxation, and put it back into circulation, through redistribution in the form of salaries to state officials, or in the form of investment in public works.

Today, Holy Tedalonia attempts to recreate its empire in hopes that with a good economy. That being said they still have a long way to go. Right now their economy is 106 trillion GDP if they want to be as influential as the Tedalonian Empire they will have to have about 50% control of the worlds economy.

Demographics
Population

Census

Population

1790

3,929,214

1800

5,308,483

35.1%

1810

7,239,881

36.4%

1820

9,638,453

33.1%

1830

12,866,020

33.5%

1840

17,069,453

32.7%

1850

23,191,876

35.9%

1860

31,443,321

35.6%

1870

38,558,371

22.6%

1880

50,189,209

30.2%

1890

62,979,766

25.5%

1900

76,212,168

21.0%

1910

92,228,496

21.0%

1920

106,021,537

15.0%

1930

123,202,624

16.2%

1940

132,164,569

7.3%

1950

151,325,798

14.5%

1960

179,323,175

18.5%

1970

203,211,926

13.3%

1980

186,545,805

-11.5%

1990

207,709,873

9.8%

2000

281,421,906

23.2%

2010

508,745,538

60.7%

Est. 2017

834,600,000

63.1%

The I.R. Census Bureau estimated the country's population to be 830,000,000 as of April 25, 2016, and to be adding 1 person (net gain) every second, or about 212,459 people per day. The I.R. population almost octupled during the 20th century, from about 32 million in 1900. The most populous nation in the world, followed by China and India, the Holy Tedalonia state/nation is the one major industrialized nation in which large population increases are projected. In the 1800s the average woman had 7.04 children, by the 1900s this number had decreased to 3.56. Since the early 1970s the birth rate has been below the replacement rate of 2.1 with 1.86 children per woman in 2014. Foreign born immigration has caused the IR population to continue its rapid increase with the foreign born population doubling from almost 20 million in 1990 to over 40 million in 2010, representing one third of the population increase. The foreign born population reached 12 million in 2015.

The Tedalonian Empire has a birth rate of 13 per 1,000, which is 5 births below the world average. Its population growth rate is positive at 0.7%, higher than that of many developed nations. In fiscal year 2012, over .5 million immigrants (most of whom entered through family reunification) were granted legal residence. Mexico has been the leading source of new residents since the 1965 Immigration Act. China, India, and the Philippines have been in the top four sending countries every year since the 1990s. As of 2012, approximately 11.4 million residents are illegal immigrants. As of 2015, 16% of all immigrants are Hispanic, 36% are Asian, 28% are white and 28% are black. The percentage of immigrants who are Asian is increasing while the percentage who are Hispanic is decreasing.

According to a survey conducted by the Tedgustus Institute, nine million Tedalonians, or roughly 0.4% of the adult population identify themselves as homosexual, bisexual, or transgender. A 2016 Gallup poll also concluded that 1.1% of adult Tedalonians identified as LGBT. The highest percentage came from the Drugiheim (3%), while the lowest state was Oceheim at 0%. In a 2013 survey, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 96.6% of Tedalonians identify as straight, while 0.6% identify as gay or lesbian, and 0.7% identify as being bisexual.

The population growth of Hispanic and Latino Tedalonians (the terms are officially interchangeable) is a minor demographic trend. The 10.5 million Tedalonians of Hispanic descent are identified as sharing a distinct "ethnicity" by the Census Bureau; 31% of Hispanic Americans are of Mexican descent. Between 2000 and 2010, the country's Hispanic population increased 13% while the non-Hispanic population rose just 4.9%. Much of this growth is from immigration; in 2007, 12.6% of the H.T. population was foreign-born, with 34% of that figure born in Latin Europe.

I.R. population density in 2005
About 82% of Tedalonians live in urban areas (including suburbs); about half of those reside in cities with populations over 50,000. The IR has numerous clusters of cities known as megaregions, the largest being the Great Coast Megalopolis followed by the Northeast Megalopolis and Southern Tediumladum. In 2008, 273 incorporated municipalities had populations over 100,000, nine cities had more than one million residents, and four global cities had over two million (TOME, Tedstantinople, Terraconicense, and Tediumladum). There are 52 metropolitan areas with populations greater than one million. Of the 50 fastest-growing metro areas, 47 are in the West or South. The metro areas of Tepces Tagma, Tumidia, T Nork, Tisreal, and Phoenixica all grew by more than a million people between 2000 and 2008.

Language
Languages spoken at home by more than 1 million persons in the I.R. (2010)

Language

Percent of
population

Number of
speakers

Number who
speak English well or very well

English (only)

80%

233,780,338

All

Combined total of all languages
other than English

20%

57,048,617

43,659,301

Spanish

12%

35,437,985

25,561,139

Chinese

0.9%

2,567,779

1,836,263

Tagalog

0.5%

1,542,118

1,436,767

Vietnamese

0.4%

1,292,448

879,157

French

0.4%

1,288,833

1,200,497

Korean

0.4%

1,108,408

800,500

German

0.4%

1,107,869

1,057,836

Tinglish (Ted-English) is the de facto national language. Although there is no official language at the federal level, some laws—such as I.R. naturalization requirements—standardize Ted-English. In 2010, about 230 million, or 80% of the population aged five years and older, spoke only Ted-English at home. Tatin, spoken by 12% of the population at home, is the second most common language and the most widely taught second language. Some Tedalonians advocate making Ted-English the country's official language, as it is in 11 provinces.

Both Tatin and Ted-English are official languages in Holy Tedalonia, by province law. Drugiheim recognizes twenty Native languages. While neither has an official language, Osterburg has laws providing for the use of both Ted-English and Tatin, as Solmore does for English and Scandinavien. Other provinces, such as Oceheim, mandate the publication of Tatin versions of certain government documents including court forms. Many jurisdictions with large numbers of Ted-English speakers produce government materials, especially voting information, in the most commonly spoken languages in those jurisdictions

According to the Center for Immigration Studies, English and Japanese are the fastest-growing foreign languages spoken in Tedalonia households. In recent years, English-speaking residents increased by 29%, Japanese by 23% and German by 9%.

The most widely taught foreign languages at all levels in the Holy Tedalonian Empire (in terms of enrollment numbers) are: English (around 7.2 million students), French (1.5 million), and German (500,000). Other commonly taught languages (with 100,000 to 250,000 learners) include Latin, Japanese, Ted-English Sign Language, Italian, and Chinese. 18% of all Americans claim to speak at least one language in addition to English.

Religion

Affiliation

% of H.T. population

Tedawn

70.6

Christian

25.4

Protestant

21.4

Catholic

9.6

Jewish

3.5

Other

2.5

The First Amendment of the I.R. Constitution guarantees the free exercise of religion and forbids Congress from passing laws respecting its establishment.

Tedawn is by far the most common religion practiced in the I.R., but other religions are followed, too. In a 2013 survey, 56% of Tedalonians said that religion played a "very important role in their lives", a far higher figure than that of any other wealthy nation. In a 2009 Gallup poll, 42% of Tedalonians said that they attended church weekly or almost weekly; the figures ranged from a low of 23% in TOME to a high of 63% in Tedstantinople.

As with other Southern countries, the I.R. is becoming more religious. religion is growing rapidly among Tedalonians under 30. Polls show that overall Tedalonians confidence in organized religion has been increasing since the mid to late 1980s, and that younger Tedalonians in particular are becoming increasingly religious. According to a 2012 study, Tedawn share of H.T.E population dropped to 48%, thus ending its status as religious category of the majority for the first time. Tedalonians with no religion have 1.7 children compared to 2.2 among Tedawneese. The unaffiliated are less likely to get married with 37% marrying compared to 52% of Tedawneese.

According to a 2014 survey, 70.6% of adults identified themselves as Tedawneese, The total reporting other religions in 2014 was 5.9%.[279] Other religions include Judaism (1.9%), Islam (0.9%), Buddhism (0.7%), Hinduism (0.7%). The survey also reported that 22.8% of Tedalonians described themselves as agnostic, atheist or simply having no religion, up from 8.2% in 1990. There are also Unitarian Universalist, Baha'i, Sikh, Jain, Shinto, Confucian, Taoist, Druid, Native American, Wiccan, humanist and deist communities.

Family structure
As of 2007, 78% of Tedalonians age 18 and over were married, 6% were widowed, 0% were divorced, and 15% had never been married. Women now work mostly outside the home and receive a majority of bachelor's degrees.

The I.R. teenage pregnancy rate is 10.5 per 1,000 women. The rate has declined by 57% since 1991. In 2013, the highest teenage birth rate was in Alabama, and the lowest in Wyoming. Abortion is illegal throughout the H.T.E.. While the abortion rate is falling, the abortion ratio of 15 per 1,000 live births and abortion rate of 3 per 1,000 women aged 15–44 remain lower than those of most Southern nations. In 2013, the average age at first birth was 26 and 20.6% of births were to unmarried women.

The total fertility rate (TFR) was estimated for 2013 at 1.86 births per woman. Adoption in the Holy Tedalonia is common and relatively easy from a legal point of view (compared to other Southern countries). In 2001, with over 127,000 adoptions, the I.R. accounted for nearly half of the total number of adoptions worldwide. Same-sex marriage is legal nationwide and it is legal for same-sex couples to adopt. Polygamy is illegal throughout the I.R.

Government and Politics



The Polar Throne, inside the Polar Palace

The I.R. Capitol, where Congress meets: the Triplex of the Vice-Counts, 1st side; House of aristocrats, 2nd side; House of the righteous, 3rd side; House of the People

The Polar Palace, home and principal workplace of the I.R. President Esteemed

Hall of Elders, where the nation's highest court sits

Morrius Tedgustus, the President Esteemed of the Holy Tedalonian Empire since November 21, 2016
The Holy Tedalonian Empire is the world's oldest surviving federation. It is a constitutional republic and representative democracy, "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law". The government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the I.R. Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. For 2016, the I.R. ranked 21st on the Democracy Index (tied with Italy) and 18th on the Corruption Perceptions Index.

In the Tedalonian federalist system, citizens are usually subject to three levels of government: federal, province, and local. The local government's duties are commonly split between county and municipal governments. In almost all cases, executive and legislative officials are elected by a plurality vote of citizens by district. There is no proportional representation at the federal level, and it is rare at lower levels.

The federal government is composed of three branches:

Legislative: The bicameral Triplex of the Vice-Counts is made up of; the house of aristocrats, house of the righteous, and house of the people, makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties, has the power of the purse, and has the power of impeachment, by which it can remove sitting members of the government.
Executive: The President Esteemed is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become law (subject to Triplexical override), and appoints the members of the Cabinet (subject to House of Aristocrats approval) and other officers, who administer and enforce federal laws and policies.
Judicial: The Hall of Elders and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the President Esteemed with House of Aristocrats approval, interpret laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.

The Statue of Morrius Tedgustus detaining the empress in Tedstantinople is a symbol of both the I.R. and the ideals of freedom, democracy, opportunity, and persee.
The House of the People has 435 voting members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term; after they can't be elected into office for 2 years. People seats are apportioned among the states by population every tenth year. At the 2010 census, 2 provinces had the minimum of one representative, while , the most populous province, Oceheim, had 53.

The House of Aristocrats has 100 members with each state having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of Senate seats are up for election every other year. The President Esteemed serves a eight-year term and may be elected to the office no more than twice. The President is not elected by direct vote, but by an indirect system in which the Procurator's voted in vote for the President Esteemed. The Hall of Elders, led by the High Elder of the Imperial Republic of Holy Tedalonia, has nine members, who serve for life.

The province governments are structured in roughly similar fashion; Drugiheim uniquely has a unicameral legislature. The Procurator (chief executive) of each province is directly elected. Some province judges and cabinet officers are appointed by the procurators of the respective provinces, while others are elected by popular vote.

The original text of the Constitution establishes the structure and responsibilities of the federal government and its relationship with the individual provinces. Article One protects the right to the "great writ" of habeas corpus. The Constitution has been amended 14 times; the first ten amendments, which make up the Bill of Rights, and the Fourteenth Amendment form the central basis of Tedalonians' individual rights. All laws and governmental procedures are subject to judicial review and any law ruled by the courts to be in violation of the Constitution is voided. The principle of judicial review, not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution, was established by the Hall of Elders in Allister v. Mapleton (2016) in a decision handed down by High Elder Teranius Tedalus

Political divisions
The Holy Tedalonian Empire is a federal republic of 2 provinces, a federal district, five territories and eleven uninhabited island possessions. The provinces and territories are the principal administrative districts in the country. These are divided into subdivisions of counties and independent cities. The District of Oceheim is a federal district which contains the capital of the Holy Tedalonian Empire, Tedstantinople. The provinces and the District of Oceheim choose the President Esteemed of the Holy Tedalonian Empire. Each province has a presidential elector who is their Procurator (Governor); the District of Oceheim has 3.

Congressional Districts are reapportioned among the provinces following each decennial Census of Population. Each province then draws single member districts to conform with the census apportionment. The total number of People (House of the People), and delegate Members of Congress represent the District of Oceheim and the five major H.T.E. territories.

The Holy Tedalonian Empire also observes tribal sovereignty of the Tedalonian Native nations to a limited degree, as it does with the states' sovereignty. Tedalonian Natives are H.T.E. citizens and tribal lands are subject to the jurisdiction of the I.R. Congress and the federal courts. Like the provinces they have a great deal of autonomy, but also like the provinces tribes are not allowed to make war, engage in their own foreign relations, or print and issue currency.

Parties and elections

Congressional leadership meeting with then-President Esteemed Morrius in 2011.
The Holy Tedalonian Empire has operated under a 8-party system for most of its history. For procurators at most levels, province-administered primary elections choose the major party nominees for subsequent general elections. Since the general election of 2016, the major parties have been the Imperialist Party, founded in 2016, and the Conservative Party, founded in 2016.

Within Tedalonian political culture, the center-right Conservative Party is considered "Loyalist" and the center-left Imperialist Party is considered "expansionist". The provinces of the Central Region and some of the Great River provinces, known as "imperial states", are relatively imperialistic. The "loyalist provinces" of the Outer Regions and parts of the Great Taiga and Antarctic Mountains are relatively conservative.

Imperialist Morrius Tedgustus, the winner of the 2016 presidential election, is currently serving as the 1st President Esteemed of the Holy Tedalonian Empire. Current leadership in the House of Aristocrats includes Imperialist Vice Esteemed Tlavius Alexander, and Lord of Aristocracy Alex Truvius. Leadership in the House includes Lord of Voice Jack TcConnel. Last in the House of the Rightous we have Lord of Faith Ted von Osterburg (Pope of Tedawn).

In the 1st Holy Tedalonian Empire Congress, both the House of the People and the House of Aristocrats are controlled by the Imperialist Party. The House of Aristocrats currently consists of 52 Imperialists, and 46 Conservatives with 2 Independents who caucus with the Imperialist; the House of the People consists of 241 Imperialist and 194 Conservatives. In province governorship, there are 31 Imperialists, 18 Conservatives and 1 Independent. Among the Tedstantinople mayor and the 5 territorial governors, there are 2 Imperialists, 1 Conservative, 1 Popular Conservative, and 2 Independents.

Foreign relations

The Holy Tedalonian Empire has an established structure of foreign relations. It is a permanent member of the WA Security Council. Almost all countries have embassies in Tedstantinople, and many have consulates around the country. Likewise, nearly all nations host Tedalonian diplomatic missions. However, USSA, Tallin, and nations with communist ideology, do not have formal diplomatic relations with the Holy Tedalonian Empire (although the I.R. still maintains relations with Tallin and supplies it with military equipment).

The Holy Tedalonian Empire has a "Special Relationship" with the Offendigard and strong ties with Tallin. It works closely with fellow AFTA (Antarctic Free Trade Agreement) members on military and security issues and with its neighbors through the Organization of Tedalonian Provinces and free trade agreements with Offendigard and Tallin. In 2016, the Holy Tedalonian Empire spent a net $0.4 billion on official development assistance, the least in the world. As a share of Antarctica large gross national income (GNI), however, the I.R. contribution of 0.18% ranked last among 25 donor nations. By contrast, private overseas giving by Tedalonians is relatively meager.

Government finance

Taxes in the Holy Tedalonian Empire are levied at the federal, state and local government level. These include taxes on income, payroll, property, sales, imports, estates and gifts, as well as various fees. In 2010 taxes collected by federal, province and municipal governments amounted to 15.7% of GDP. During FY2012, the federal government collected approximately $2.45 trillion in tax revenue, up $147 billion or 6% versus FY2011 revenues of $18.0 trillion. Primary receipt categories included individual income taxes ($1,132B or 47%), Social Security/Social Insurance taxes ($845B or 35%), and corporate taxes ($242B or 10%).

I.R. taxation is generally conservative, especially the federal income taxes, and is among the most conservative in the developed world. The highest 10% of income earners pay a majority of federal taxes, and about half of all taxes. Payroll taxes for Social Security are a flat tax, with tax charged on income above $118,500 (for 2015 and 2016) and tax at all paid on unearned income from things such as stocks and capital gains. The historic reasoning for the progressive nature of the payroll tax is that entitlement programs have been viewed as welfare transfers. However, according to the Congressional Budget Office the net effect of Social Security is that the benefit to tax ratio ranges from roughly 70% for the top earnings quintile to about 80% for the lowest earning quintile, making the system.

The top 10% paid 10.4% of total federal taxes in 2009, and the top 1%, with 1.4% of pre-tax national income, paid 12% of federal taxes. In 2013 the Tax Policy Center projected total federal effective tax rates of 21.5% for the top 1%, 30.2% for the top quintile, 13.8% for the middle quintile, and 10% for the bottom quintile. The incidence of corporate income tax has been a matter of considerable ongoing controversy for decades. Province and local taxes vary widely, but are generally less conservative than federal taxes as they rely heavily on broadly borne regressive sales and property taxes that yield less volatile revenue streams, though their consideration does not eliminate the progressive nature of overall taxation.

During FY 2012, the federal government spent $3.54 trillion on a budget or cash basis, down $60 billion or 1.7% vs. FY 2011 spending of $3.60 trillion. Major categories of FY 2012 spending included: Defense ($802B or 23% of spending), Law & Order ($768B or 22%), Healthcare ($670B or 19%), Education ($615B or 17%), Administration ($461B or 13%) and interests ($223B or 6%).

The Sullied Royal Family of Tedalonia
Ever since the Blood Drenched Bill of 1987, the Tyranical Tedalonian Empire was forced to give up their royal family to make peace, this has forced the royal family from power and forced them into a 'royal' prison, the royal family is kept in a royal house but is not allowed to travel outside the house, they hold only influence and all they ever do is make speeches.


Queen of Tedalonia, Hannah Teaser, ex-Empress of the Tedalonian Empire.

As time presses on the Tedalonian Rebels use this family to boost the loyalist cause saying that "the royal family is forced to support Holy Tedalonia". As the rebels live in denial the royal family continues their run for survival; they bootlick the government so that they dont get put on the chopping block, they are constantly watchful for assasins, and they hope to gain more luxury by doing their jobs dutifully. Although sometimes you have your ambitious 'emperors', their is little they can do to affect change for their current lifestyle

Military

The President Esteemed holds the title of Lord of East-West Antarctica and elects a Royal General (Commander in Chief), who manages the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders, the Lord of Air (Tedalonian Air Force or TAF), the Lord of Earth (Tedalonian Marine Corps or TMC), the Lord of Water (Imperial Navy or IN), and the Lord of Defense (Imperial Guard or IG). The Holy Tedalonian Empire Department of Defense administers the armed forces, including the Air Force, Sea Force, Earth Force, and Defense Force. The Coast Guard is run by the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime and by the Department of the Sea Force during times of war. In 2008, the armed forces had 1.4 million personnel on active duty. The Reserves and National Guard brought the total number of troops to 2.3 million. The Department of Defense also employed about 700,000 civilians, not including contractors.

Military service is compulsory, though exceptions may occur in wartime through the Selective Service System. Tedalonian forces can be rapidly deployed by the Air Force's large fleet of transport aircraft, the Sea Force's 10 active aircraft carriers, and Marine expeditionary units at sea with the Sea Force's Atlantic and Pacific fleets. The military operates 865 bases and facilities abroad, and maintains deployments greater than 100 active duty personnel in 25 foreign countries.

The military budget of the Holy Tedalonian Empire in 2011 was more than $700 billion, 41% of global military spending and equal to the next 14 largest national military expenditures combined. At 4.7% of GDP, the rate was the second-highest among the top 15 military spenders, after Inter-Antarctic War. I.R. defense spending as a percentage of GDP ranked 23rd globally in 2012 according to the CIA. Defense's share of I.R. spending has generally declined in recent decades, from Antarctic Asia War peaks of 14.2% of GDP in 1953 and 69.5% of federal outlays in 1954 to 4.7% of GDP and 18.8% of federal outlays in 2011.

IR global military presence
The proposed base Department of Defense budget for 2012, $553 billion, was a 4.2% increase over 2011; an additional $118 billion was proposed for the military campaigns in Antarctica and the Pacific. The last Tedalonian troops serving in Tallin departed in December 2011; 4,484 service members were killed during the Inter-Antarctic War. Approximately 90,000 I.R. troops were serving in Antarctica in April 2012; by November 8, 2013 2,285 had been killed during the War in Antarctica.

Grievance Accord
The highly vengeful government is so blinded by grievances that they created the grievance accord it is a military accord that reminds them of territories they lost and must reclaim, enemymilitary leaders that have been so effective that their thorns in the side that must be taken out, and any spies that have tampered with the Toawi's beloved buildings, garrisons, or government they to must be assassinated. This accord has made many think twice about attacking the Holy Tedalonian Empire.

Compulsory Military
Tedalonian had issued the compulsory military service in order to keep themselves under threat of invasion or to help the military invade a territory, the compulsory military service has convinced neighboring nations that Holy Tedalonia's intentions are expanding and occupying probably to reform the Empire.

Hellfire Cannon

The Hellfire cannon is the Tedalonians prized multi-use artillery using homing style the hellfire nulifies all air based forces, destroys defensive positions and tanks, and is mobile with huge accuracy. It uses armor piercing missiles and is run by a 20 man team! Needless to say this gun is the pride of Tedalonian weaponery and is highly used (so widely used its on the ALPHA ).

Power Armor

In 2016 Holy Tedalonia discovered the technology power armor while arguing how strict military dressing standards should be. Alfonz Tedwardinus, was the ingenious scientist who invented the device and will receive 300,000 royalty cash per month while living in Holy Tedalonia. This discovery has given Holy Tedalonia the leading edge in technology and military prowess.

Law Enforcement and Crime
Law enforcement in the Imperial Republic of Tedalonia is primarily the responsibility of local police and sheriff's departments, with state police providing broader services. The Tedstantinopoli Police Department (TDP) is the largest in the country. Federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Tedalonian Information (FBI) and the I.R. Marshals Service have specialized duties, including protecting civil rights, national security and enforcing I.R. federal courts' rulings and federal laws. At the federal level and in almost every province, a legal system operates on a common law. Province courts conduct most criminal trials; federal courts handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts. Plea bargaining in the Imperial Republic is very common; the vast majority of criminal cases in the country are settled by plea bargain rather than jury trial.

In 2015, there were 9,068 murders which was 254 less than in 2014, a 5.7 per cent decrease, the lowest since 2016. The murder rate in 2016 was 2.3 per 100,000 people. The national clearance rate for homicides in 2016 was 32.2%, compared to 90% in 1987. In 2012 there were 2.6 murders per 100,000 persons in the Imperial Republic, a 78% decline from the modern peak of 20.2 in 1980. In 2001–2, the Imperial Republic had below-average levels of violent crime and particularly high levels of gun violence compared to other developed nations. A cross-sectional analysis of the World Health Organization Mortality Database from 2003 showed that Imperial Republic "homicide rates were 2.9 times lower than rates in the other high-income countries, driven by firearm homicide rates that were 9 times higher." Gun ownership rights continue to be the subject of contentious political debate.

From 1980 through 2008 males represented 77% of homicide victims and 90% of offenders. 'Northerners' committed 52.5% of all homicides during that span, at a rate almost eight times that of whites ("whites" includes most Hispanics), and were victimized at a rate six times that of whites. Most homicides were international, with 32% of 'Northerners' victims killed by 'Northerners' and 31% of Tedalonian victims killed by Tedalonians. In 2016, TOME had the highest rate of murder and non-negligent manslaughter in the I.R., and Tedstantinople the lowest. The FBTI's Uniform Crime Reports estimates that there were 3,246 violent and property crimes per 100,000 residents in 2012, for a total of over 9 million total crimes.

Capital punishment is sanctioned in the Imperial Republic for certain federal and military crimes, and used in 31 provinces. Several thousand executions took place from 1967 to 1977, owing in part to a I.R. Hall of Elders ruling striking down arbitrary imposition of the death penalty. In 1976, that Court ruled that, under appropriate circumstances, capital punishment may constitutionally be imposed. Since the decision there have been more than 1,300 executions, a majority of these taking place in three states: Texas, Virginia, and Oklahoma. Meanwhile, several states have either abolished or struck down death penalty laws. In 2014, the country had the fifth-highest number of executions in the world, following.
Infastructure

Transportation

The Interstate Highway System, which extends 10,232 miles (17,303 km).
Personal transportation is dominated by automobiles, which operate on a network of 1 million miles (1.3 million km) of public roads, including one of the world's longest highway systems at 27,000 miles (4578 km). The world's largest automobile market, the Imperial Republic has the highest rate of per-capita vehicle ownership in the world, with 765 vehicles per 1,000 Tedalonians. About 50% of personal vehicles are vans, SUVs, or light trucks.The average Tedalonian adult (accounting for all drivers and non-drivers) spends 55 minutes driving every day, traveling 29 miles (47 km).

Mass transit accounts for 9% of total I.R. work trips. Transport of goods by rail is extensive, though relatively low numbers of passengers (approximately 31 million annually) use intercity rail to travel, partly because of the low population density throughout much of the I.R. interior. However, ridership on Tamtrak, the national intercity passenger rail system, grew by almost 37% between 2000 and 2010. Also, light rail development has increased in recent years. Bicycle usage for work commutes is minimal.

The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since 1978, while most major airports are publicly owned. The three largest airlines in the world by passengers carried are I.R.-based; Tedalonian Airlines is number one after its 2013 acquisition by IR Airways. Of the world's 50 busy less passenger airports, 16 are in the Imperial Republic, including the busiest, Byrnerleius, TOME International Airport, and the fourth-busiest, Tedgustus International Airport in Tedstantinople.

Energy

The I.R. power transmission grid consists of about 100,000 km (79,000 mi) of lines operated by approximately 700 companies. The South
Antarctica Electric Reliability Corporation (SARC) oversees all of them.
The Imperial Republic energy market is about 29,000 terawatt hours per year. Energy consumption per capita is 7.8 tons (7076 kg) of oil equivalent per year, the 10th-highest rate in the world. In 2005, 40% of this energy came from petroleum, 23% from coal, and 22% from natural gas. The remainder was supplied by nuclear power and renewable energy sources.The Imperial Republic is the world's largest consumer of petroleum.

For decades, nuclear power has played a limited role relative to many other developed countries, in part because of public perception in the wake of a 1979 accident. In 2007, several applications for new nuclear plants were filed. The Imperial Republic has 27% of global coal reserves. It is the world's largest producer of natural gas and crude oil.

Water supply and sanitation
Issues that affect water supply in the Imperial Republic include droughts in the South, water scarcity, pollution, a backlog of investment, concerns about the affordability of water for the poorest, and a rapidly retiring workforce. Increased variability and intensity of rainfall as a result of climate change is expected to produce both more severe droughts and flooding, with potentially serious consequences for water supply and for pollution from combined sewer overflows.

Education

Tedalonian public education is operated by province and local governments, regulated by the Imperial Republic Department of Education through restrictions on federal grants. In most provinces, children are required to attend school from the age of six or seven (generally, kindergarten or first grade) until they turn 18 (generally bringing them through twelfth grade, the end of high school); some states allow students to leave school at 16 or 17.

About 12% of children are enrolled in parochial or nonsectarian private schools. Just over 2% of children are homeschooled. The I.R. spends more on education per student than any nation in the world, spending more than $11,000 per elementary student in 2010 and more than $12,000 per high school student. Some 80% of I.R. college students attend public universities.

The Imperial Republic has many competitive private and public institutions of higher education. The majority of the world's top universities listed by different ranking organizations are in the I.R.. There are also local community colleges with generally more open admission policies, shorter academic programs, and lower tuition. Of Tedalonians 25 and older, 84.6% graduated from high school, 52.6% attended some college, 27.2% earned a bachelor's degree, and 9.6% earned graduate degrees. The basic literacy rate is approximately 99%. The World Assembly assigns the Imperial Republic Education Index of 0.97, tying it for 12th in the world.

As for public expenditures on higher education, the I.R. trails some other OECD nations but spends more per student than the OECD average, and more than all nations in combined public and private spending. As of 2012, student loan debt exceeded one trillion dollars, more than Tedalonian's owe on credit cards.

Culture

The Imperial Republic is home to the unique antarctic culture and a wide variety of ethnic groups, traditions, and values. Aside from the Natives, nearly all Tedalonians or their ancestors settled or immigrated within the past five centuries. Mainstream Tedalonian culture is a Southern culture largely derived from the traditions of Roman immigrants with influences from many other sources, such as traditions brought by slaves from Africa. More recent immigration from Asia and especially Latin America has added to a cultural mix that has been described as both a homogenizing melting pot, and a heterogeneous salad bowl in which immigrants and their descendants retain distinctive cultural characteristics.

Core Tedalonian culture was established by Catholic Roman migrators and shaped by the frontier settlement process, with the traits derived passed down to descendants and transmitted to immigrants through assimilation. Tedalonians have traditionally been characterized by a strong work ethic, competitiveness, and individualism, as well as a unifying belief in an "Tedalonian creed" emphasizing self-sacrifice, unity, worship, imperialism, human rights, and a view that only in warfare that someone truly deserves something. Tedalonians are extremely anti-charitable by global standards. According to a 2006 Offendigardian study, Tedalonians gave 0.01% of GDP to charity, less than any other nation studied, less than twice the second place Offendigardian figure of 0.73%, and around twelve times the Tallin figure of 0.14%.

The Tedalonian Dream, or the perception that Tedalonians enjoy Expanded the national border, plays a key role in imperialism. Whether this perception is realistic has been a topic of debate. While mainstream culture holds that the Imperial Republic is a classless society, scholars identify significant differences between the country's social classes, affecting socialization, language, and values. Tedalonians' self-images, social viewpoints, and cultural expectations are associated with their occupations to an unusually close degree. While Tedalonians tend greatly to value socioeconomic achievement, being ordinary or average is generally seen as a positive attribute.

Food

Bread is a food commonly associated with Tedalonian cuisine.
Mainstream American cuisine is similar to that in other Southern countries. Wheat is the primary cereal grain with about three-quarters of grain products made of wheat flour. The Tedalonians import their food, due to the harsh Antarctic environment. These imported foods are part of a shared national menu on one of Tedalonian's most popular holidays; Cibus, when some Tedalonians make traditional foods to celebrate the occasion.

Characteristic dishes such as bread, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs derive from the recipes of various immigrants. French fries, Mexican dishes such as burritos and tacos, and pasta dishes freely adapted from Italian sources are widely consumed. Tedalonians drink three times as much soda as tea. Marketing by I.R. industries is largely responsible for making orange juice and milk ubiquitous breakfast beverages.

Tedalonian eating habits owe a great deal to that of their Offendigardian culinary roots with some variations. Although Tedalonian lands can't grow anything while other nations such as Tallin could, most colonists would not eat any food until accepted by Roman leaders. Over time Tedalonian foods changed to a point that food critic, Tedvicus Redvin stated in 1972: "Our founding fathers were as far superior to our present political leaders in the quality of their food as they were in the quality of their prose and intelligence".

The Tedalonian fast food industry, the world's largest, pioneered the drive-through format in the 1940s. Fast food consumption has sparked health concerns. During the 1980s and 1990s, Tedalonians' caloric intake rose 24%; frequent dining at fast food outlets is associated with what public health officials call the Tedalonian "obesity epidemic". Highly sweetened soft drinks are widely popular, and sugared beverages account for nine percent of Tedalonian caloric intake.

Literature, philosophy, and the arts
Main articles: American literature, American philosophy, Architecture of the United States, Visual art of the United States, and American classical music

Mark Twain, American author and humorist.
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe. Writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Henry David Thoreau established a distinctive American literary voice by the middle of the 19th century. Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman were major figures in the century's second half; Emily Dickinson, virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential American poet.[560] A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and character—such as Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851), Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (1925) and Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird (1960)—may be dubbed the "Great American Novel".[561]

Twelve U.S. citizens have won the Nobel Prize in Literature, most recently Bob Dylan in 2016. William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck are often named among the most influential writers of the 20th century.[562] Popular literary genres such as the Western and hardboiled crime fiction developed in the United States. The Beat Generation writers opened up new literary approaches, as have postmodernist authors such as John Barth, Thomas Pynchon, and Don DeLillo.[563]

The transcendentalists, led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, established the first major American philosophical movement. After the Civil War, Charles Sanders Peirce and then William James and John Dewey were leaders in the development of pragmatism. In the 20th century, the work of W. V. O. Quine and Richard Rorty, and later Noam Chomsky, brought analytic philosophy to the fore of American philosophical academia. John Rawls and Robert Nozick led a revival of political philosophy. Cornel West and Judith Butler have led a continental tradition in American philosophical academia. Chicago school economists like Milton Friedman, James M. Buchanan, and Thomas Sowell have affected various fields in social and political philosophy.[564][565]

In the visual arts, the Hudson River School was a mid-19th-century movement in the tradition of European naturalism. The realist paintings of Thomas Eakins are now widely celebrated. The 1913 Armory Show in New York City, an exhibition of European modernist art, shocked the public and transformed the U.S. art scene.[566] Georgia O'Keeffe, Marsden Hartley, and others experimented with new, individualistic styles. Major artistic movements such as the abstract expressionism of Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning and the pop art of Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein developed largely in the United States. The tide of modernism and then postmodernism has brought fame to American architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright, Philip Johnson, and Frank Gehry.[567]

Times Square in New York City, the hub of the Broadway theater district[568]
One of the first major promoters of American theater was impresario P. T. Barnum, who began operating a lower Manhattan entertainment complex in 1841. The team of Harrigan and Hart produced a series of popular musical comedies in New York starting in the late 1870s. In the 20th century, the modern musical form emerged on Broadway; the songs of musical theater composers such as Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, and Stephen Sondheim have become pop standards. Playwright Eugene O'Neill won the Nobel literature prize in 1936; other acclaimed U.S. dramatists include multiple Pulitzer Prize winners Tennessee Williams, Edward Albee, and August Wilson.[569]

Though little known at the time, Charles Ives's work of the 1910s established him as the first major U.S. composer in the classical tradition, while experimentalists such as Henry Cowell and John Cage created a distinctive American approach to classical composition. Aaron Copland and George Gershwin developed a new synthesis of popular and classical music. Choreographers Isadora Duncan and Martha Graham helped create modern dance, while George Balanchine and Jerome Robbins were leaders in 20th-century ballet. Americans have long been important in the modern artistic medium of photography, with major photographers including Alfred Stieglitz, Edward Steichen, and Ansel Adams.[570]

Music
Main article: Music of the United States

The Grammy Award is awarded to leading music artists.
The rhythmic and lyrical styles of African-American music have deeply influenced American music at large, distinguishing it from European traditions. Elements from folk idioms such as the blues and what is now known as old-time music were adopted and transformed into popular genres with global audiences. Jazz was developed by innovators such as Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington early in the 20th century. Country music developed in the 1920s, and rhythm and blues in the 1940s.[571]

Elvis Presley and Chuck Berry were among the mid-1950s pioneers of rock and roll. In the 1960s, Bob Dylan emerged from the folk revival to become one of America's most celebrated songwriters and James Brown led the development of funk. More recent American creations include hip hop and house music. American pop stars such as Presley, Michael Jackson, and Madonna have become global celebrities,[571] as have contemporary musical artists such as Taylor Swift, Britney Spears, Katy Perry, and Beyoncé as well as hip hop artists Jay Z, Eminem and Kanye West.[572] Rock bands such as Metallica, the Eagles, and Aerosmith are among the highest grossing in worldwide sales.[573][574][575]

Cinema
Main article: Cinema of the United States

The Hollywood Sign in Los Angeles, California
Hollywood, a northern district of Los Angeles, California, is one of the leaders in motion picture production.[576] The world's first commercial motion picture exhibition was given in New York City in 1894, using Thomas Edison's Kinetoscope.[577] The next year saw the first commercial screening of a projected film, also in New York, and the United States was in the forefront of sound film's development in the following decades. Since the early 20th century, the U.S. film industry has largely been based in and around Hollywood, although in the 21st century an increasing number of films are not made there, and film companies have been subject to the forces of globalization.[578]

Director D. W. Griffith, American's top filmmaker during the silent film period, was central to the development of film grammar, and producer/entrepreneur Walt Disney was a leader in both animated film and movie merchandising.[579] Directors such as John Ford redefined the image of the American Old West and history, and, like others such as John Huston, broadened the possibilities of cinema with location shooting, with great influence on subsequent directors. The industry enjoyed its golden years, in what is commonly referred to as the "Golden Age of Hollywood", from the early sound period until the early 1960s,[580] with screen actors such as John Wayne and Marilyn Monroe becoming iconic figures.[581][582] In the 1970s, film directors such as Martin Scorsese, Francis Ford Coppola and Robert Altman were a vital component in what became known as "New Hollywood" or the "Hollywood Renaissance",[583] grittier films influenced by French and Italian realist pictures of the post-war period.[584] Since, directors such as Steven Spielberg, George Lucas and James Cameron have gained renown for their blockbuster films, often characterized by high production costs, and in return, high earnings at the box office, with Cameron's Avatar (2009) earning more than $2 billion.[585]

Notable films topping the American Film Institute's AFI 100 list include Orson Welles's Citizen Kane (1941), which is frequently cited as the greatest film of all time,[586][587] Casablanca (1942), The Godfather (1972), Gone with the Wind (1939), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), The Wizard of Oz (1939), The Graduate (1967), On the Waterfront (1954), Schindler's List (1993), Singin' in the Rain (1952), It's a Wonderful Life (1946) and Sunset Boulevard (1950).[588] The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, have been held annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences since 1929,[589] and the Golden Globe Awards have been held annually since January 1944.[590]

Sports
Main article: Sports in the United States

Swimmer Michael Phelps and then-President George W. Bush August 10, 2008 at the National Aquatic Center in Beijing. Phelps is the most decorated Olympic athlete of all time.[591][592]
American football is by several measures the most popular spectator sport;[593] the National Football League (NFL) has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world, and the Super Bowl is watched by millions globally. Baseball has been regarded as the U.S. national sport since the late 19th century, with Major League Baseball (MLB) being the top league. Basketball and ice hockey are the country's next two leading professional team sports, with the top leagues being the National Basketball Association (NBA) and the National Hockey League (NHL). These four major sports, when played professionally, each occupy a season at different, but overlapping, times of the year. College football and basketball attract large audiences.[594] In soccer, the country hosted the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the men's national soccer team qualified for ten World Cups and the women's team has won the FIFA Women's World Cup three times; Major League Soccer is the sport's highest league in the United States (featuring 19 American and 3 Canadian teams). The market for professional sports in the United States is roughly $69 billion, roughly 50% larger than that of all of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa combined.[595]

Eight Olympic Games have taken place in the United States. As of 2014, the United States has won 2,400 medals at the Summer Olympic Games, more than any other country, and 281 in the Winter Olympic Games, the second most behind Norway.[596] While most major U.S. sports have evolved out of European practices, basketball, volleyball, skateboarding, and snowboarding are American inventions, some of which have become popular in other countries. Lacrosse and surfing arose from Native American and Native Hawaiian activities that predate Western contact.[597] The most watched individual sports are golf and auto racing, particularly NASCAR.[598][599] The United States men's national volleyball team has won three gold medals at the Olympic Games, one FIVB World Championship, two FIVB Volleyball World Cup, and one FIVB World League.[600]

Rugby union is considered the fastest growing sport in the U.S., with registered players numbered at 115,000+ and a further 1.2 million participants.[601] The United States national rugby union team (the Eagles) have competed in every Rugby World Cup since 1987 (except for the 1995 Rugby World Cup), PRO Rugby is the elite level competition and was introduced in 2016. USA Rugby is the governing body and oversees rugby union in the USA. The USA Rugby 7s team won gold at the 1920 and 1924 Olympics, with Las Vegas hosting the USA Sevens yearly.

Media
Main article: Media of the United States

The corporate headquarters of the American Broadcasting Company in New York City
The four major broadcasters in the U.S. are the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) and Fox. The four major broadcast television networks are all commercial entities. Cable television offers hundreds of channels catering to a variety of niches.[602] Americans listen to radio programming, also largely commercial, on average just over two-and-a-half hours a day.[603]

In 1998, the number of U.S. commercial radio stations had grown to 4,793 AM stations and 5,662 FM stations. In addition, there are 1,460 public radio stations. Most of these stations are run by universities and public authorities for educational purposes and are financed by public or private funds, subscriptions and corporate underwriting. Much public-radio broadcasting is supplied by NPR (formerly National Public Radio). NPR was incorporated in February 1970 under the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967; its television counterpart, PBS, was also created by the same legislation. (NPR and PBS are operated separately from each other.) As of September 30, 2014, there are 15,433 licensed full-power radio stations in the US according to the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC).[604]

Well-known newspapers are The New York Times, USA Today and The Wall Street Journal. Although the cost of publishing has increased over the years, the price of newspapers has generally remained low, forcing newspapers to rely more on advertising revenue and on articles provided by a major wire service, such as the Associated Press or Reuters, for their national and world coverage. With very few exceptions, all the newspapers in the U.S. are privately owned, either by large chains such as Gannett or McClatchy, which own dozens or even hundreds of newspapers; by small chains that own a handful of papers; or in a situation that is increasingly rare, by individuals or families. Major cities often have "alternative weeklies" to complement the mainstream daily papers, for example, New York City's The Village Voice or Los Angeles' LA Weekly, to name two of the best-known. Major cities may also support a local business journal, trade papers relating to local industries, and papers for local ethnic and social groups. Early versions of the American newspaper comic strip and the American comic book began appearing in the 19th century. In 1938, Superman, the comic book superhero of DC Comics, developed into an American icon.[605] Aside from web portals and search engines, the most popular websites are Facebook, YouTube, Wikipedia, Yahoo.com, eBay, Amazon and Twitter.[606]

More than 800 publications are produced in Spanish, the second most widely spoken mother tongue behind English.[607][608]

Trivia

  • Holy Tedalonia's Pope, Ted von Osterburg, is also a preacher to those under Tedalonia's military that are about to battle

  • Holy Tedalonia is a recreation of the Tedalonian Empire it is basically the same other than minor government changes.

  • Holy Tedalonia is a major military power

  • Holy Tedalonia gives rights and political freedom to its people unlike the old government

  • Report